The Farmer and Mechanic from Raleigh, North Carolina on May 30, 1899 · Page 6
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The Farmer and Mechanic from Raleigh, North Carolina · Page 6

Raleigh, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 30, 1899
Page 6
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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC, TUESDAY, MAY 30, 1S99. col, cAfleora A Masterly Handling of a Burning Question. CONDEMNS LYNCH LAW TUB REMEDY A SPEEDY TRIAL AND CERTAIN JUSTICE. THE SOLUTION LIES WITH THE NEGRO The Leaders of the Race Must Face a Responsibility too long Shirked and Cooperate . With the White Man Against Atrocious Crimes. Greensboro, N. C, May 25. (Special.) The address of Col. Julian S. Carr at the1 Colored A. and M. College tonight was the most logical, lucid-and powerful of utterance on the vexed question a lynching that has yet been made, large audience of both white and groes heard Col. Ca it's address.-Ha. i nrrin vi. n. reference to ne- the! lit ..... need of an educationfor this industrial nge which secured the establishment of the A. and M. colleges.; They are monuments to the sagacity oi Senator Morrill. He then traced the beginning qf slavery in America. The sneeeh was full of friendly counsel, perfect candor and sinceri- ty. He urged upon the negro race thot thev strive to obtain homes' ot . their own and paid a warm tribute to iko rroTiine nf miTimon sense wm Booker Washington displayed. -He quoted from Hooker Wasnington who tells his race "In held, in factory, m the markets the South presents a better opportunity to the negro to earn a living than is found in the North." He traced the line of Booker Washington, how he obtained his education by self-denial and perseverance, having no opportunity except what he made for himself. "I am here," said Col. Carr, to afiirm to-day that the best friend the negro has ever possessed and the best friend he now has is the white man of the South." Many evidences in support of that statement were given. The progress of the negro in securing property and education was goue-intw at lenarth, and he quoted Vance, who said, "I regard it as an unmistakable policy to imbue these blae::. ieopie with a thorough jNortn Laronna ieei ing and teach them that" their wel- fare is indissolubly linked with ours In 1870 over 85 per cent, of the col oted race over 10 years and upward could not read and write; in 1S80, it was reduced to 75 per cent.; in 1S90 to 60 per cent.; and to-day in the Southern States it is less than fifty per cent. The negro has accumulated - $226,000,000 in property, and there are over 30,000 teachers. With this pro gress, there is a canker at the core More than 75 per cent, of the. convicts in the penitentiary are negroes. .Moral dissolution is. certain to be fol lowed by physical Vital sta tistics show that the black population is steadily decreasing1. This is true ot the birth-rate as well as the death rate. The death rate in the colored population is 32 to 38, while it is 17 to 22, in the white population. Touching upon the political situa tion, Col. Larr said "I have said I .would speak plainly, for the interest of all. .And l now tie clare further that the Southern peo pie as a whole, and the white man of North Carolina will never a a-a in sub mit to the government of ignoranc in a great blind unwilling mass, led by the artful and greedy, for their own selfish ends. This determination 'is not born of hatred for the neero but is based upon a regard for the wel fare of both races. . . . The poli tical emancipation of the thrifty negro has been a difficult thing to accoriv plish. The negro was taken first to me pons wnen federal soldiers typi lied to him his political savior. It would have been unnatural, with the feeling toward the party that had con- f erred the ballot, for the negro to havef done otherwise upon his enfranchise ment but vote the llepublicari ticket ' I may be wrong it may not be wise to state it and there may be ex ceptions that 1 have not seea but 1 feel impelled to say in this presence that my observation has been that tho intelligent and thrifty negro has not only had. little or no influence in his party for making better government. but that he has in the main been dominated by the ignorant of his race in political affairs. If true that is a proposition that ought to give pause to every educated and industrious negro in the State. I make the statement, not by way of criticism, but as a fact that teachers and students of the nc K"' evijuuis ougni to consider, "livery where in the world except among the negro intelligence and virtue tlomin ate in politics. Unfortunately with them the ignorant, who are easily deceived, control the political action ot many ot the more intelligent who ar Deiter qualified to lead the race. . . fcimi -a -i wnoie world admits that it was a mistake to have given universal sunrage to tne negroes just as they emerged from slavery thirty years ago. It was a mistake that the negro now recognizes and that has injured him as it injured others. He was told to make bricks without straw. He could not. do jt, and after thirty years of the enjoyment of the ballot it is not open to question that suffrage ought not to have been granted at once, but made an honor which would be obtained only by those of the race who fitted themselves to exercise it. In a letter in 1863 Mr. Lincoln avowed himself to be of the belief of the early statesmen of the South,-for his opinion was that "gradual emancipation can be made better than immediate." . . . The failure of the educated negroes to make their influence felt in the political world for good lies at the bottom of what opposition there is to the education of the negro. Of whatever P(y or polities you choose to be; I every man who is honest and true! should have the liberty to rote only for men Mho are themselves nonesi auu ix uc - flisoiiKs at ieneth the "living and burning ques-J tion which peculiarly concerns the rorl of the Southern States He said .. ' . . i;r;nT I invoke your attention to a 1 ring and burning question which peculiarly j concerns the people ot tne douukih States, whose population is composed Inrtrel V. of blacks and whites. The re cent atrocious crimes committeed in rmf Of these States, and the barbarous death meted out to the brute who com mitted them, have so shocked tne conscience of thoughtful men of both races that it is hoped that out of the discussion forced upon us by these horrible crimes, there may come a better condition of things, which may lpsid to a remedy for these evils, it has certainly brought, us face to face h c3 the peace and good order of society but our very civilization as well. These conditions must be discuss ea ana u remedv found. Wisdom requires that jt shall be done in a temperate spirit of candor and frankness. It is this spirit I invoke to-day in what I have to say or suggest. It had as weii be known of an men that white men hold the homes auu Virtue of pure women sacred, and that the wretch who invades tne one unu assaults the other shall die. There is no division of sentiment among honorable men on this question. It is orlly; when they come to consider and adopv the method by which this death per. alty shall be inflicted that they uitfer The advocate of Lynch Law says the mob of incited, angry men is the prop- cr mulfum through which these atro cious crimes should be punished. The thoughtful, conservative, law-abiding citizen says that all crime, all viola tions of the law, should be tried and punished according to the law of the land. 1 take my stand with this law-abiding class, but in doing so I wish it distinctly understood that 1 move the lips in favor of inflicting speedy, and certain death upon the brute who spills innocent blood, or applies the in- j cendiary torch to an inhabited home. or lays unholy hands upon innocent woman, l beneve.tnat tne security oi property, to society, to -the home, to the safety of the individual aui an he holds dear, will best be conserved by a proper observance of the law and its faithful execution. Lawlessness begets lawlessness. When the barriers of the law are broken down at one point by one class of persons, they will soon be broken down at another point by another class. Crimination begets recrimination Vphot'iupp he-i gets revenue. When the white man the special custodian of the law go-js outside of the law to punish crime, he O sets a bad example to the black ram. When the white man goes outside of the law to inflict punishment on the black man, it will not be long before some vicious brute will in turn intil't wrong and outrage upon some defenseless one. The more revolting the crime of the one, the more atroci ous the crime of the other.: Let ua hope for the sake of our common hu- manixy ana common civilization xnai the depths have been reached. 'Experience, even in lawnessness and , crime, ought to teaeh something. It one can take no higher view of the situation than to appeal to that experience, and follow' its teachings, it seems to me he must cease to be an advocate of Lynch Law. It hasbeen tried in secret and in public, In the night and in the day, in its less cruel methods and in all iis sickening details, and yet it seems that the verv crimes ic was intended to suppress are on the increase. Lynch Law, to say nothing worse of it, has been a horrible failure. The wretch who is capa ble of committing these crimes, having not respect for the law, has no fear of the lawless., e has not been deterred by fear of mob violence. Speculate about mob law as we may, the undisputed fact remains to con front those who uphold it that it has not suppressed or reduced the crime it denounces, and undertakes to punish, Then may l not appeal to those who have resorted to it to stand aside and let the law of the land try its hand? j ine question ot tne iuture ot the Southern negro is one that must be deferred for settlement until we have ; restored saiety ana a reeling ot se- curity to the humblest woman in the poorest cabin in the remotest corner of the most .thinly nrily settled portion of the South. T.he Southern white man cannot restore that security. He can help the enforcement of the law, but as the loss of the sense of safety did not come through him, he cannot re- store it. That is the mission of the leaders of the negro race. The preach- ers, tne teachers, tne doctors, tne best equipped men of your race must address themselves to that task. They must be instant in season and out of season. They must say one word in denunciation of lynching where they utter ninety-nine in condemnation of the crime which has evolved lynch law, They must make a public sentiment so strong in their race that no brute in the most obscure corner can fail to be impressed and deterred by it. As the first step towards this crusade which I conjure you -to inaugurate eijiiie musi.ue maae oisnonoraoie, and luimudis muhb oe maue 10 unaerstanu tnax crime snuts tne doors, ot respect- able homes to the criminal. 'When a law-breaker returns from the peniten- tiary, let him feel that he has dis- tion among his own race as the white criminal is held in his race. Let the' men and women band together to keep the home pure, uncontaminated with the criminal of low or high degrees. Let him be a pariah an Ishmaelite an outcast, received nowhere except by charity and upon probation. -As a race, the moral elevation of th negro has . been retarded hpf-nnsp. flip retimed convict in many instances has teen received upon his return home as cno who lias been persecuted rath- J 1 i cr than as one who deserves pun Isa- ment. Frotft this collcce. lpf, flip son- gracea nimseif; letthe worthy refuse ers, an old Confederate soldier, upon association with him, and let popular wlnse 'head the snow that never melts sentiment be so strong! that the negro has fal'en. When on April 24th, tl-e criminal is held in the same detesta-. Georgia mob was ready to h iiincuL fcft iimii p uporrn nnnnno i c j i iuf ore ntu .trthnw not only disgracing himself; but his vvorthy to be embalmed in son niul ana ict nim ieei that resentment, story tlian the o d fimrmn rv.,.i and ostracism that white criminals crate who put his life in jeopardy m have always been made to feel. j the attempt to save the life of an hum- i "I know that the great bulk of the ' ble negro who he declared was inno negro race condemns rape as well as cent of the crime for which he per-lynching, but they must know that ished. When a messenger from the the first step in stopping both is to mob advised Maj. Flowers to Ki re the make public sentiment so strong town for his own good, the old Wntle against the first that no man will man made' this reply that xhov n lean k " ihe .cm? ,8hinSt oC which calls for the highest-wisdom. "Booker Washington is authority for the statement thatno in-aduate of a college has been guilty of the crime of rane. That is a Hi jrb -tribute 'to tut character of the instruction imparted by such institutions asthis, but it is a negative virtue that does not meM nre, un to the responsioiuiy oi tuc . -. 1 a At oraduates. Thev are lights that mtw-t auaies a huXe, Their in. bushel fluence should, be seen and felt in the darkest corner. Their education is a failure if it does nothing but prevent their committing gross crimes. It will be a success only when its influence is felt in uplifting the race. We hear a great deal about the responsibility, o' wealth, and are told that the rich man is but the custodian of money, and :s untrue to his stewardship if he does not use his wealth for good purposes Money is only one kind of wealth. Education is wealth. Character is wealth. A man whose education does - otbtog for the world except to give him happiness or strength is as mean a miser as the millionaire who uses his money solely for his own pleasure and gratification. The Federal and State Government contribute large sums yearly here and in other colleges to educate the youth of the colored j race, .not merely to enable the stu-dents gathered in the college to learn more for their own betterment. That is the smallest part of the object. It is given that you may educate yourselves in order that you may carry light and truth and higher ideals into the cabins of 'the most ignorant ot your race. Unless you do this, the knowledge gained makes j'ou a miser, and there is no character more despicable than one who hoards in selfishness instead of uses his store for blessing mankind. Let me beg you then the students and teachers of this institution, and the leaders of your race throughout the South to set yourselves earnestly to the task ol stopping the crime for which lynching follows. That is your call. To do that you must not form a society of the educated of your race for mutual pleasure and advantage. You must go out into the highways and obtain commanding influence with the ignorant of your race, accepting the creed that he that would be the greatest among you must be the servant. Then after you have done all you can to prevent the crime, if some brute has still committed it, join with your white neighbors to hunt down the criminal, and bring im to speedy trial. Frown upon any who would ex cuse the crime or give protection to the brute, and create a public senti ment that will compel all your race to follow your example. Is this .more than vou can do? Do you shrink from "AO T St 4 1. 4. 1 jl; ji KUj vuu arc uuo vvuiuij iu ut- teachers and leaders of your race. believe that the great majority of the negroes would come to follow. T the leadership that leads. Ihe negro preacher and teacher who sits' still and says nothing when an outrage is com mitted by a brute of his race, but comes out in strong denunciation when a mob has lynched the offender is a coward who is an enemy to the uplifting of his race, and the iribr al elevation of his country. ine wnite man ot tne fcoutn lias a I mission as important to perform. In j. a -i -l . too many instances he has not appre xnated the importance of a speedy enforcement of the law, and the laws have .not always" been rigid enough. The people will not permit a rapist-'.to i'o unputii-hed. Unit is as true as JIbly Writ, but l am here to say that it-is the high duty of the Southern white man to see to it that the execution is accompanied by the sanction of law, and not by the torch of the over wrought multitude. This duty is -in- posed upon us, not by any regard for the brute. Atrocious as was the maiming and burning in Georgia, it cannot oe said that the brute did not deserve it. It is not in the interest of the rapist that the energies of 1 lit Southern white man must be put fortn strenuously to prevent lynching, but lor the honor ot the South and the preservation, of its civilization. "The laws must be amended wherever recessary to secure a speedy trial so tnat no man can ever sav: ' e had to lynch. because the laws delays are such as to deny a speedy execution.' The iegai execuxion must be speedy, sure certain. . Technicalities, delays, ad vantages to criminals as to challeng-: must ue wipeu out, anu every man must know that the execution will surel3r follow the capture of the rauist lhat is the first duty of law-abidir.t citizens, legislators and those whose duty it is to execute the law. The second duty is of like importance. The people must be taught day by day that the law must be respected; tl.t no man or set of men have the ivht to constitute themselves judge, furors and executioners, even when the guilt is certain ; that if good men wink' at lynching for rape worse men will em ploy it to punish barn-burning, as thev m j. r last month. It is better that one buuuiu cscaue, u;i)iorauiP n3 that would be, rather than, that good men should become murderers, This teaching must come from the pulpit, from the pew, from the pr-ss The future of our section duieTuU upon our ability-to forever stamp out ncn law, ana to tnat end the .whole pic tiujni. io oe leti oy guax'untce- mg prompt legal executions. '"The sublimest spectacle of n."mn' devotion to man that has been rppnv.i. ed is the attitude of Maj. W. W. Flo'w- gro preacher who worked for Alai Flowers, that sturdy old vrnlenian overtook them just as the noose wis adjusted about the negro's neck. In the weird light that made the lynchers look more terrible than an army with banners, the giant-hearted old veteran rode into the midst of the multitude, declared his belief in the innocence of the neirro. and m.nrio impassioned plea to let the law take its course. .4 r-ai . . -aiic ahout these days of chivalrv iien men ventured then- life for the beautiful lady of their love the' l olZ court- Tell Tbtnt haT the muscles J .7 ' II' v W . V t III I I -F I in my legs are not trained to rum iag; I tell them that 1 nave stoou mc . and heara tne wnisnc ui m-- u"u from a thousand Yankee rifles, and 1 nm not frii'hteped by this crowd. io the chivalrous men of my race .vno count the protection of the:r women above love of life, I call you .o study the courage and chivalry of the "Old liebeP who could go to a blocnlv grave if need be upholding the Anglo-Saxon love of obedience to law. The hero of j the Georgia atrocity and chiva'.rous ; figure who will live in history, is not the leader ot tne moo wno iei io au- other infraction of the law, but tne fighting Confederate who had the wisdom and courage to tell his infi'ratel neighbors that the best protection to Southern womanhood is to be lou'irl in lawful hanging, and not in the uncertain execution of a mob. even when that mob is animated by the-natural indignation that every true man feels at the crime that transcends all dimes. ic h .'re th1 i esptmsibilties and du ties which the atrocious crime and the atrocious punishment impose upon both races. We can not run away from the duties which our emirou- meni mi oses. Ihe run can go awaj if thev have 'no stomach for the fight,'but the mass of white men and I lack men who inhabit the Southern State- will live and die here. If the problem is to be solved, we must soi e it. The people of the North, howcer desivr .is, can afford no help except, hi giving of their means to educate. The white mm and the black mar must take, up the while man's and the black man's burden and bear it. Bishop Turner may be right in saying that the negro must return to Africa. I know not what the Tro-vidence of Cod holds in store for your Tar e . Whether here where your fathers Were brought by Massachusetts traders and sold into slavery, or in the land of their nativity, you must work out." your destiny. But this I. do Know tnere is no place any w acre for an honorable history unless industry, thrift and uprightness are the mainsprings of your life. , Fuo'-.e opinion and especially the Northern press must condemn as loudly and as promptly lynchings in the North and West as in the South, before, the brethren can essay to remove the mote from the eyes of his Southern brother. It must be just as legitimate for the man in black to mine coaler otherwise earn his daily bread, by the sweat of his brow, in Pana,- ill., as in Birmingham, Alabama, before the 'holier than thou' .writers ,' North of Mason-and Dixon's line can. convice the world of their sincerity. It,-must be just as reprehensible for the Governor ..of . Illinois or any other Northern or Western State. to station armed soldiery at railway statious on the borders of' these States to prevent -even with the shedding of blood, the coming into their States of the colored, man as a laborer, as such conduct, would be on the part of the Goernor ot Mississippi or North Carolina, before the citizens of these Commonwealths be permitted to-set. in ju:ig-loent Upon our shortcomings to the black man. It must come lo that, that it is just as inexcusable for the moli-to serve notice upon the unoffending black man in Pennsylvania or Ohio, to flee the town under penalty fi I death as such conduct is unjustifiable iii Arkansas qr South Carolina, before so-called public opinion becomes fixed in a healthy state. "When we take into account how many times more black people -there are "in the South than in the North, 1 am not prepared to say that the onslaughts upon the colored man occurs any more often in the South than in the North. The difference, largely, in my1, judgment is, the sins of "our Northern and Western brethren, in this particular are condoned while the offending in the South is always magnified. I have no sympathy with any such sense of justice. "I am aware of the fact that I am speaking plainly here this evening. I came with that intent. I have measured my words, and you can afford to heed my sayings. I violate no confidence when I tell you my invitation to address you this evening comes from the fact that I am regarded as the fiiend of the black man in this State, and these are times of unrest with the black race; but hear me, my friends, my declaration here this evening is it need not be so with the honorable, worthy, well-behaved, deserving of your race I am here as a reoresenti-ti e Anglo-Saxon whose ancestors suf fered with Washington at Va!!ev Forge, to assure that the welfare and best interest of the black man is safe in the keeping of the Anglo-Saxon, and the home best suited, everything considered for the black man, beyond all comparison, is the Southland. ' "Will you excuse just two illustrations out of many that I might cite? Sometime ago in a certain Northern city, I had some business relation with a colored man (a carpenter), n:ul alter the matter of business was -dispatched he took occasion to thank me for the kindness and courtesy I had shown him, and Said: " 'Col. Carr, I was raised a slave in Tennessee, have lived in South Carolina and Virginia, and came thence to this city. Never in ay of these Southern States was I proscribed on account of color, but since coming to this city, I have worked for three years in the shop where I am now engaged, and not once in all the.e years, has a single white man in the" shop spikei,'"") me u ml there are about one hundred of them. Not once.' "1 thought what a contrast. At the time I was giving employment to perhaps 250 white employes, and maybe the same number of colored people. "Again shortly after the late unpleasant disturbances in Wilmington, I was coming down Broadway, in .New York, one evening just after dark. The evening was bleak and cold, and I hurried to escape the chilling blast, when I was stopped by a voice, plaintive" in its speech -'Master, please,' the black man said, as he I - - - - fXliiuru ins iiiiuii iui ii uiiJlri. 1 said he was a painter by trade, nr.d Jed me to a nearby gas lig his paint stained clothes 4n corrobo ration.- lie said he would rather work than beg, but, he said, T am a - . -i .1 AV.i. blacK man, auu iur mui, it-ason i am not permitted to make my living at mv calling in this great city. nn boycotted and proscribed to that extent I can scarcely ever get work and when I do, it is such work that no ono cares to do, and oftentimes I go' hungry.' He declared to me, and I think he was honest, that it had been three days since he had a meal. I remarked' to him that I was from the South, from North Carolina where it Is iil- t w,i we kill neeroes for amusement; burn their houses, destroy their property, and asked him if he was not afraid to ask alms of a Southern jjian. ' No, master, he replied, ray ex-rience has taught me, if .na nrrht rae anything wbrth knowing penence taiVht, me anything that the Southern man is the neg 4r,iPd friend, and the South is tL negro r li c- gro's best home.' . "If the negro will make everlasting war upon the brute element of hi race, until the indefensible and unpardonable crime of rape Is stamped out. then the cause being removed, there will beno effect. The one as surely follows the other, as night lollops day. I am impelled in this connec- tr TiiPntion what I consider :he highest commentary upon our ciyiliza- tin before the war m the &outn. x challenge history to show an instance equal or even similar to tne conm-t; nf nffirs existintr in the South before the war. Nowhere in my read- ;n(r hnve 1 been able to match tne mt uation. foreover, for four years large sections of the South were stripped of its ti nt n ral protectors, by the call to arms of the fathers, husbands ami sons old enough to bear arms. But our Southern womanhood was not only safe in the 'keeping of the black .race, but they were actually guarded and nroteoted bv them. There was in the South then a sense of security that we do not experience in these times, The Southern slave was a friend wh merited and received the confidence and respect of his white owners. And, the recollection. of the fidelity of the negro in those dark days will ever be green in the memory of every Southern man. Bv the noble conduct of your fathers and brothers in those hre-tried days; by j-our progress in acquiring education and property; by your love of your offspring and your pride iii your race, and by your faith in Cod and your hope for your'sons and daughters, I beg you to join with your white friends in stamping out rape and lynching which injure the South and impede progress. And, l beg that you will receive these words in the same spirit in which they hav been offered: 'With malice toward none and charity to all,' and a sincere desire, to see both races co forward in peace and friendliness. "It is upon the civilization of .true manhood and genuine womanhood that you, who graduate from this in stitution, are to succeed or fail. D your duty, and you win not go unrewarded, (lood men will mark your course, conscience will approve, and hope for your race will return. The negroes wno lought the lsritisn on Long Island, at Saratoga, and at Yorktown, received their freedom, and werie honored all their lives llobert Butt, the slave grave-digger, who bur ied two thousand at Portsmouth i; al the yellow fever of 1855, and would not desert his post, was freed and en riched by the subscriptions of th whole people, who mourned for him at his death, as a rmblic benefactor. "Go forth like Booker Washington, from Hampton, with the grospel of faith and work. Your field is arounc you, among the ignorant, the preju diced and the inexperienced of your own race, which must have guidance from you, or fall into chaos. Thank God, that there is not and never will be a Southern Havti in this country. Better plow all your days, than reign m a lano. reu tor a century witii a brother's blood. "The sweetest element in human hap pin ess is the thought of duty perforin ed. And may Providence so guid your footsteps that your work in life mav be fruitful of good for all, both white and black, to the pood order ot society, to your own comfort and well-being, and to the h lonor and wel- fare of North Carolina 'I cannot, in this connection, forbear the privilege of holding up for your guidance and reverent memory, one of your own fellow-citizens of North Carolina, whose qualities of mind and heart made him the peer of any member of your race of which 'history bears a record "A man of irreproachable character, oi strong intellect and clear judgment, recognizing t,he line of demarcation between the races, and understandm the self-restraint which that implies, it may be doubted if any one of7 his color ever had as much influence with the white men of North Carolina, for tne benent ot his own people, as the lamented J. C. Price, of Salisbury. "Some among you knew of the . admiration I felt for his talents, and the gratification with which good men saw his efforts wisely directed for your true welfare. "You have good and faith leaders today, if you will heed their counsel And you will be fortunate if you wall, in the footsteps and hallow the memory of such a man as Price, faithful in his day and generation, and called to his reward. "Verily, 'A good name is better than riches. ' ITLIPINOS LEAVE MANILA. The Commissioners are Expected to Return Soon. Manila, May 23.-5:30 P. M.-The Filipino commissioners left here by special trail today. They will he escort,., to tneir lines under a flag of tnuv, lt y-u lglr$ vviii return soon. President Gonzaua. of the PhiiinrCi, commission, previous to his clynarturc said: iC "We sreatiy appreciate th M'.t, shown us. We have spent .r.i.. sy with yom- commissioners, inr:.I.rt:.llv consnlenns the American Constitution e i"ww&8 impress iw profoundlv 1 lip nlnn tf r. . i . r. niT . " mviiiuhiii orrerea 1 JilllltiiiTiuv- the colcmal sfceni. But why shou-d nation with voiir CtitMt-.. ,". od a make a colony of a distant r?- who have be-n so km fisrhting- against Snam tr secure the same rights ymir CoustMu-tion gives? You fought the' same hat-Ue in America when you fought against England." In tho fighting at San Fernando yesterday fifty Filipinos were VdWu and many were wounded. Th American had two men killed and twelve woim.h-d. OTIS TELLS OF THE FIGIITIX.J. Washington, May. 2T. General - O U to nas forwarded the following disoateh to the Waii Department: "Manila, May 25th. "Adjutant Genera, Washington. 'On the. 23rd instant. Third infantry returning to Baliuag from San Migivi were attacked morning, noon, and even ing 03 a large force of enemy, suffin j few casualties, two men killed and Vau teen woundtnl: em-mv on the field jixten ..:. wonndcU ; and j.ri-.- enemy aipeared in v;. Uo, attackcl by K;). .v regiments which u ;i . Enemy driven thr..r,-h r fifty dead, thirty , i-.- -twenty-eight prisoner ; other -propoTty captur. through swamp lan-l -destruction: Lawt.: with MacArthur un troops to rcpiacc Yi. (Signed) EXPIVINEI) Till-: r. Wanted Universal Si. . not hy Southeast, : Xtirfollf Va., May S-the. second day's s i eastern Tariff wan the unanimous r ; , hers to endorse tlie pr. , dent (Jay that the in schedule he used hy iu- : in the future. The a "lively -discussion. I : -universal system of i : ; really scientific mwlio.i Its classes anl grailr,.:-various different iav. -onghly, the scale of r.:. location of huhNliugs. ( ilctail regarding th.-wntents. Nearly al! th. sjoke in praise of th. -ever, declared it was u..: present "needed by' th' . social ion. Insurance Com tnis.i.. (3artdina, James II. Yni,-... the 'Association, explain iu-and Craig laws of his Si .' At the afternhn and -. tho New. Orleans enup;h ; taken up. It involves t!i- . of agents and is oiju-(.f ?: .portant.. subjects. 1h'1'h tin discussion will extend in:., session. PRESPYTEUIANS A I ..!. Minneajwdis. Minn.. M. eleventh annual assembly f ii. terian church .adjournal ilii-to met next year in St. Lmiv (JilTert debate was at linn-'-acrid, but fully tM) per ernt.'..:' hers of the assembly will homes rejoiei'ng over what th. the wise and ' niagnahinimi-.h . rived at in the matter of 1 r. M. heresy. A proposition t Mil-; entirely new chapter fur -h. ; ' the litndv of Discipline w:is s. ,,! The accounts of the Iihm. church showed .S 10.4-17 in t !! mi increase of J?rjJ,l."'I in .- hi, M, BIDS FOR REPAIR Slloi Washington,' May 25. -:The N , partment today asked for - repair slioj for steam en.ii.-. 'i the United S'tates Naval Sms; Port Royal. S. C. The buihlim: i 230 fet long, with hoiler ri"in ." long, and an administration I 4J by 38 feet. ' TflE- Cone Water Heater I tndispenFable, to Ibe Mirier. chamber, nurpery, tor (coK1m;I.m foods, beef teP. hr tdriiihn ui O -,..)'.t lions. For ladles' mwl inlimoi toilet it fills a long v ant. Price 25c; tent by re&il Wc OLIVER A. SMITH, Sole M f g Clarksto'j, Vim. For making Salt Ulslng Yeast Ii -8b teyond comprehension. Poland Chinas a Specialty. - GRAY'S I X L 797GH. A superior lot of Pigs by Rojal V7i!ki 33011, and Grey' Free Trade 34slfc-Also choice young boars and bowr, sows In pig. Send to headquarter, dJ get the best from the oldest awl iarrtt herd of registered "Pofaud-ChinHi" h Virginia, at prices to suit th Umei Address, ' - .7. 15. '.: '( -, POSITIONS a or tuilloii Iii t.H.-:k l Clioap tfarcl. cMur aay inus. noniir.uowc a7 i , "fc-P ,I W "W Nashville. To:::i. f? G al vestoa , Tos T.- Indorsed ,y merchants r.-i i U-. nnmth HM,lLbPxAnx with u.-i -jini-Ail cnunprpi.! hi awhps tuitrht. 1 '.r ing ' Motn Study C,.ar.w.';tlarj s ' For collect cutalosac, ai:te;& lej i We Again F'resem the Secret gi a Perfect Tobacco Form 'a OSCEOLA Gi Q 11 2 J A NEW TOBACCO BRANP . FORMULA, BIT i-V A'' , old houh::. Look OUt for (Wl. nn.i Carolina Tobacco this season. u a going to be heard from. Call for and try Osceola. Manufactured by OLD" DOMINION GUANO CO. NORFOLK, VA., And for gale by al! Old Dor. 'f Agents PTOnrn-I, ai I . .. ,!,,- Dacco Section of North Carolina. Tobacco uano r

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