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PAGE SIX BLYTHEVILLE, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Published Every Friday In the Interest of Farm Families of This Agricultural Section. FARM NEWS - FEA TURES FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 1941 Suggestions For Better Farming Featured For This Section's Progressive Farmers. Food And Feed Campaign Will Boost Enrolement It's Plant To Prosper enrolment time again and Mississippi County is leading all MidSouth in the big contest sponsored in this county by the Memphis Commercial Appeal and Courier News for white and'negro farm families as a part of the four-state competition presented by the Memphis newspaper and Memphis Chamber of Commerce. The new Food and Peed Cam- + paigii of the extension department bc , is being ucd in with the Plant to , substantial cash Prosper Contest in a program planned to help this county win the 1941 Enrolment Trophy, lost last year by a small percentage, it was announced today by J. J. Pickren, county extension agent. Campaign Tics In The Arkansas Food and Peed Campaign, being started this Spring as a special attraction to earn- out the live-athome program long. used by the extension department. [ is in line with the Plant To Pros- i \] AAA Feature T<; per Contest, This will be an added j * c " r\r\n. i LCUUIC Ib incentive for alert farm f .i:r>i',:-.:±. to enter the contest which carries j with it cash awards totpv^.g $2900 j various trophies and Certificates of j These Vegetables Look Well Growing in Flower Garden pectecl To Increase Sale Of Cotton Goods Honor, in addition to S60 in cash prizes given county winners by the Courier News. The negro farmers are ahead of the white fanners in the enrolment to date with 600 negro families already enroled and a goal of 3000 set for this county fay their agents. William Sr Barabln and Mary M. Banks. ThEt- this goal is not impossible is shown in the record made last year when the negro enrolment caused the Mississippi County enrolment to exceed that of any previous year and place second in the competition among counties of Arkansas. Mississippi. Tennessee and Missouri. Seeks 85 Per Cent • An effort is being made to enlist at least 35 per cent of the 10.000 fann families in Mississippi Purchasing power of Arkansas farmers will be increased more than S2.000.000 this year because of the cotton order stamps to be issued under the Supplementary Cottou Program. County Agent J. J. Pickren said today in discussing the new feature of the AAA program. This increase in purchasing power, he said, will be "new business" and will be distributed among practically all merchants of the county. The cotton order stamps will be received by cotton producers who voluntarily reduce their coton acreage his year below the 1940 planted or the 1941 allotment, whichever is the smaller, and can be exchanged for cot ton-goods at any retail store in the county selling cotton goods. All merchants of the county are expected to-'cooperate in the pro- ~-.~uu iiu.i.11 i«.i.iii;.it:> m ivusaiibiypi ^AH^^VI-U MJ luupciivii: in uie pru- - County in the Arkansas Extension J -nun. It will mean added business Food and Feed Campaign and all for them and will increase their of these families will probably en- sales of other merchandise. The rol in the Plant To Prosper Contest, it wss pointed out by the extension agents. Mr. Pickren E. H. Burns^ Miss Cora. Lee Coleman and Miss inez Kincaid. Cooperating -with these = in- enrol- ing farm families are the extension agents at Dyess and Missco and the Farm Security representatives. The Food and Feed Campaign has a plan for making the farmer have sufficient food and feed for late Winter and-early Spring, as well as other seasons of the year, which means that more of the "food and feed will have to be planted and harvested to carry through to String harvest. This clan—which will make Arkansas farmers self-supporting — is identical with that of the Plant To Prosper Bureau of growing all food and feed requirements. Reasons for In presenting this campaign, the extension "department pointed out two reasons: First—that the basic job ; as farmers in the National Defense Program is to keep the nation* and its armed forces supplied with food and that it is also the duty as citizens of 'this great democracy to build physical fitness of ourselves and our children, to improve our family health and well-being by producing all food necessities on our farms. Seoond—the next important job in 1941 for farmers is to protect their 1941 farm cash income. While in general prices for farm crops are expected to rise, it is also ex- sales stamps will be treated as cash in purchases of goods made "of cotton grown and manufactured in the United States. The' stamps can be deposited nt the bank by the merchant the same as money, or they can be sent directly to the Surplus Marketing Administration for redemption. The system of handling stamps will be the same as food order stamps now issued by the Surplus Marketing Administration. The distribution of the stamps will have a direct effect on the business of merchants in Missis- j sippi County as it will mean "new ! business", that is. In addition to their regular business. The distribution of the stamps will have no effect on payments received by farmers under other phases of the AAA program and will have no effect on other provisions of the program. Participa- tiori in the supplementary program is entirely voluntary but a farmer wishing to participate must sign an intention sheet, prior to June 15 in order to be eligible to participate. A Formal Garden Can Be Attractively Planted with Vegetables and Floivers. If the only space you have to grow vegetables this year is your flower garden, here is a suggestion: There are many vegetables with ornamental top growth that should entitle them to a place in the flower garden, which may thus serve a two-fold purpose. Some of these vegetables with highly ornamental tops include asparagus, carrots, beets, Swiss chard, eggplant, mustard, parsley, peppers and parsnips, all of which may easily be grown from seed. While radishes may not be considered ornamental, they may be added to the list because"they grow so quickly. Sow the seeds of. radishes and carrots in the same row. Sow beets thick in the row and during the thinning process, pull the smaller ones and cook them, tops uhd all. Of course you will need a few onions for flavoring. Plant the little onion sets. Set them close together in the row and about two or two- and-one-iuilf inches deep. These very quickly make the little green onions. If you have room, one or two short rows of wax or slringless grcenpod bush beans will provide enough of them for the needs of an .average family. Between the rows of vegetables may be planted flowering annuals and as the vegetables are removed replace them with quick-growing annuals from seed, such as alys° sum, ageralum, candytuft, calendula, cclosia. godetia, African marigolds, petunias, zinnias, etc. By such a combination planting you will achieve beauty with economy, have plenty 'of flowers for cutting, nnd fresh table vegetables than which there are none more delicious. Sulphur And Molasses Doses No Longer Neederf—Correel Diet Replaces Remedy Spring has officially opened , but it did not bring with it, as it ! did in Mother's clay, a diet of sul- i says Mi^s Cora Lee Colsman. conn- ; ty home demonstration a-jcnt The old custom of giving a dose of sulphur and molasses in the.! Spring to make good reel blood, ac- f Farm Woman's News Corner "Prunes are long en the be- Tf f m ° e ' conserve fhefr food thev IS a staple that pantry shelf along with flour, sugar, ajicl says Miss Corn Lee Coleman. county home demonstration agent. Properly cooked so they are o per cent of; plump and juicy, prunes are a feed reouirements. i modest, but good tastin«r fruit. They ven certificates of, have more taste appeal when spiced by national and ; up to go with a meat course, com- for help toward na-1 bined with cooked corpnl for break- in rp from a pound O f nri'nt\s. nnd ! l:htt ^t-cif. is mij-nrMno-Iv 1 0 , V Mi^S I ivr-..,, R. rout-head of the Univcr-j r i*" of Arkansas n^ieiif of Acri-1 •H'U.nre. exnlnins that this oound I nf ^nincs jJuonljpK food values, too! —'"•• thp form of iron, rnieium. vit-j oi»iji A r>iul vitamin Bl. j •' i . PI |,, l IiO i^\— , ^np'on sMocifiKf in foods ai-»d nu- fnt.ion say*, k^nn nmne5 in mind •>c « fii]i>vr for ^"moiin^s and turn- nvo-c; r or tovjninir .chortcnkp nnd umirifi-dnwn r^ke. for combining with <niT}>r and beaten OEIR whites ~v -;»)-, whipped crenm to make n •Vrtf. \vhin. Pnjr,^ b'-end offers another wav ^ i:c« ^ Mii.s vprsatilrt fruit. Made isin hvprxd with a yenst i* is oxrollrnt tonstp-i. Or >-nn th« cJrv'L'h out in a thin roc- r Miano. s^rnnd with butter n inivturp of r-honoed nrunes. ar^ brown sugor. rnll up f .iellv roll, and cut ofT pieces •o ivfikn nin wheel rolls. Or keep ''-> one his; roll for a roly-polv loaf ^ith nrune filling:. To v>iit chnnnccl mvnes in n nuick bread is another i:'"n. rsnornally sood when made with whole-wheat flour, to make r. loif of dark brown color hurh in minerals and vitamin Bl. n the te? the f cash prizes to casn pnzes to winners in deserts I ^ mixed ^ th butte ' butter for a sunchvich USed " ke frcsh frllit j " salads' and Plant protoplasm is destroyed bv temperatures of 120 degrees Fahrenheit, and green nlint,s can- M ''i live long in such heat. cciTiing to Miss Mary E. Longhead of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, is "no longer necessary since many of the foods in a well-chosen,- xHet^suppryT- the necessary iron in a more certain and more appetizing form. th-H have supplanted this old- fashioned soring tonic, and that firp pru-timilarlv valuable in the spring diet. Miss Louehead savs. are eies. green veTntnble.s. liver and othor meat orp^m. whole-srain cereals, legumes and dried fruit. For? vnlks are very rich in iron, ""d durin^ the . c ;orine months, eggs -IVP «v^cnUv abundant. It. will ••'ho so^ be time to tret wild and ~n'Mvrt-~d »reens while they are -r.nn? and tender. Beet greens. ~ h mi. dnndelion. mustard greens, •^mn^h. tumio sreens. and water" CTT^S are excpllent sources of iron. >T P u- -i Ten -nbbase. collards. sorreh- Broccoli, and other green vegeta- ble.s are also good. Liver and other meat organs, such as kidney and heart/ are vir-her in iron than muscle meats. On If H'-pr. Miss Longhead snvs. ow»j its prn.spnt nonularity to the fact that' pr.onle reco ( rni7.e it ns a valuable source of iron as well as other substances that must eo into the making- of red blood cells. But i.'ork. bepf and lamb liver are sim- cost. Fearl, kidney, and brains ore nl=o inexpensive sources of this mineral. Both the whol^-srain coreals ^nd '!•.; '.(Muhip.s. such as dried peas nnd .shell beans, will furnish yenerous amounts of iron. Sovbeans are -suegcst a way to include iron in any meal at relatively low cost, according to the Extension specialist in foods nnd nutrition. Increased Yields Will More Than Pay. For Trouble And Expense Fertilizing cotton land to add plant foods that are not present in sufficient quantities is one way of increasing cotton yields at a lower cost per pound, according to J. j. Pickren, county agent. Ciien, the Bounty agent said, the use o! Sti to $a worth of fertilizer per acre will result :n increased yields per acre worth 512 to $15. While cotton, like other plants, requires more than 10 different plant foods, usually nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are the only ones that must be added to the soil as fertilizer. Because of the dilierence in use. different fields require different treatments. Some land, according- to Charles p. Simmons, of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, will respond most proiitaoly to an application of nitrogen alone, while other land will need an application of a' complete fertilizer. On land where cotton rust and wilt have been serious, an application of a fertilizer supplying- a large amount of uotash is recommended. However, the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture has conducted over 500 cotton fertilizer studies on many soil types in Arkansas during the past 30 years. Where heavy crops of winter legumes have been turned under this spring, nitrogen can be left out of the commercial fertilizer or be reduced at least by one-half, Mr. Simmons said. However, where rust or wilt has been .serious, the potash should be increased by two or three times. When a complete fertilizer is .used, 11. should be put down and bedded on about 10 days or 2 weeks before the cotton is planted. Applying the fertilizer and planting cotton the same clay often results in poor stands, which result in smaller increases from the use of the fertilizer, the Extension agronomist said. In using commercial fertilizer one of three methods may be followed: (1) All the fertilizer may be bought in the form of a complete fertilizer and all applied under the cotton; or (2.) The separate materials maybe bought and the fertilizer may be mixed by the farmer in any desired ratio; or (3) The nitrogen may be applied as a split application, part of it being applied beneath the cotton in the form of a mixed fertilizer having a low nitrogen content, and the remainder applied as a side-dressing just after the cotton has been chopped. Increase Oat Yield With Top Dressing Top-dressing oats with a .nitrogen fertilizer Is one way of increasing yields, according' to J. J. Pickren. county agent. Research results reported by Charles F. Simmons of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture show that oat- yields may be increased by 10 bushels per acre ( for each 100 pounds of nitrogen | fertilizer applied as n top-dressing up to 300 pounds per acre. When top-dressing with nitrate of .soda or vu'tuue of ammonia, the fertilizer should be applied early. j just when the oats begin making ' rapid growth. It should be applied broadcast, either by hand or bv machinery. Usuallv from 100 to 150 pounds of fertilizer per acre is recommended, Mr. Simmons said. ,, -- . --„• -•"»*».i,> ni lICftGl U>. the^ousjron^andthcse win- you c »n figure on about 12 s erv- -SierefarUattSe For Sale- ; I have for sale S3 head of yearling Hereford steers and heifers at S50.00 per head. These are from Registered Bulls and good jrrade to purebred while face cows. I also.have 82 head of two-year-old While Face Heifers due to begin calving within thirlv davs all practically purebred Hereford. For these I wani'*(iU per head or ten cents per pound for either lot These cattle are without horns and do not have to be acchmated, neither will you have shipping lo.se* as when bought at a distance. Can be seen on C place on Highway 64 in Cross County, \rkansis ' " JNO, H, JOHNSTON ' KENSETT, ARKANSAS FARMERS WE HAVE THE EXCLUSIVE DEALERSHIP FOR HES Poultry and Livestock lledicine —Including— P- T. L, the lew Worm treatment for Farm Animals. We carry a complete stock. Ask Us for Full Details! 221 W. Main Phone 1020 SEED Price Our Seed Beans at Lee Wilson Co. Wilson, Ark. Osceola implement Co. Osceola, Ark. Keiser Supply Co. Kciser, Ark. Idaho Grocery Co. Bassclt, Ark. Luxoro FSA Clients Acnieve'f Improvements At Little Cost No .sooner had the engineer approved the construction of the house- and the carpenters had removed their tools from the new farm home of the Horace Grey family, negro tenant purclia.se borrowers of Luxora, than this family was busily engaged in beautifying the grounds. It was quite a task to remove all of the unsightly piles do not have bathroom fixtures they do have the running water at the sink, which Ls placed beneath a window at the built in cabinet. The entire house Ls wired for REA. Like all good homemakers, Ella is finding that the built in closets in each bed room is making her work easier. he mistake a new home, Planting shrubs , oug ihey have bought and Since the hous* site vas i littlo i P&K ! * " CW W00d range and a n «, Y , , ! modesi two P ie=e ^'ing room suite. '"^ eX|)eilSE ° f OCW window the soil o in i and cu »« ln * were greatly reduced " ' for th<! ™ dc to -Hnish their older pie s were prooerly planted, and staked for orotection. The beds surround- ; ne the house are so arranged that Additional shrubs can be planted in the future. Realising the importance of well soaced shrubbery this family has demonstrated in an excellent manner proper planning and planting of not oniv their shrubs but trees as well. They have kept in mind that a landscape plan is not intended to cover up a house but in- "teod serves to emohasize the general, lines of the house and tie it down to the ground. Lgw shrubs were used around the porch, medium shrubs under the windows of the house. This family has found that it doesn't take a lot of money to make a good start on landscaping for many native shrubs can be used. The Grey family is one of the five negro families in Mississippi County who obtained their farm through the Bankhead Jones Tenant Purchase Act. In their household is Horace, his wife Ella, and seven children. Their new house, built by U. 5. -DDDartment of Agriculture Plan PSA No. R3. has a living room, four bed rooms, kitchen and dining room combined, screened in back porch, front porch. ?toras:e space for canned food, and a bath room. One of the first things a member of the household would ooint out to a visi'or. is the well filled nantry, which at the present time has around 400 quarts of canned food on its shelves. This pantry is built to store their complete canning budget of over 1000 jars. The next point of interest, especially to the homemaker. is the running water, made possible by REA and an electric purnp. Although at the present time they Frances W. Jones. fdeci.'* Wanted For 1942 AAA Program Recommendations of farmers. AAA committeemen. representatives of farm organizations and others interested in the farm program for features to be included in thp 1.942 AAA program are being; sought bv the state AAA committee, according to information received by J. J. Pickren, county aeent in a letter from J. B. Daniels, state administrative officer of the Triple-A. Purpose of the recommendations, Mr. Daniels said, is to obtain suggestions of individual farmers and groups interested in agriculture for improving the Agricultural Conservation program. To assist in .securing the recommendation from Mississippi County, Mr. Pickven was furnished ' a questionnaire relating to develou- ment of the program in which county suggestions may be recorded. After the county suggestions ars made the county AAA committee' will fill oui the questionnaire and forward it to ihe state committee, which in turn will make recommendation to AAA officials in Washington for the 1942 program as suggested by farmers and others in Arkansas. FSI SALE APPROVED ALFALFA Lespedeza and Ream* and Peas of Various Variety Also Car of STONEVILLE Pedigreed 2-B and 4-B L. R. Matthews Gin Co. Phone 403-W-2 Yarbro. Ark. K E Y S T 0 N E Field & Bulk GARDEN SEEDS BABY CHICKS PURINA FEEDS POULTRY LOshcraftCo. 112 E. Main Phone 154 At Stud RED MCDONALD DARE Re^. NO. 13*03 This Registered Stallion will ma'-r- ifui season at Fairgrounds. For fees, bookings, nr information write W. I,. TATE. B!y«hoviHc. Ark. We Are Now Delinking And Ceresan COTTON PLANTING SEED We Also Have for Sal." a Limited S of 1.930 Grown 2-B AND AMBASSADOR First Year From Pedigreed—Delirited and Ceresan Treated For Best Results Phone 273 or Write RED TOP GIN North 61 Hio-h-,vay I?lytheville. Ark. Limited Supply of Sch-cted D-lsta, Mr.rnmoth Brown and Ark-Soya Beans. BLUE RIBBON Tractors & Equipment ALL GUARANTEED DELTA Implements, Inc. Coker 100 Strain 3 State certified, re-cleaned and Ceresan treated. Stoneville Ambassador StonevHfe 2-B R. D. HUGHES 0!H Blytheville, Ark. GET OUR PRICE ON SEED OF ALL KINDS ALL VARIETIES OF SEED CORN D.P.L. NO. 12 REGISTERED COTTON SEED FUNKS HYBRID SEED CORN (We Recommend Funks No. 2M) SOYBEANS OF ALL KINDS NEW and USED HORSE DRAWN EQUIPMENT NEW & USED FARMALL TRACTORS AND EQUIPMENT ALL KINDS OF FARM HARDWARE Lee Wilson & Co ARMOREL, ARK.