The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 20, 1967 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, June 20, 1967
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Biyttievllte (Ark.) Courier Msw* — Tuesday, June 20, 1967 — Page Five UN. Debate Hits Snag As Kosygin Walks Out By JAMES MARLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) _ The first sour note in the U.N. debate on the Arab-Israeli war came wiKi Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin's walkout while Israeli Foreign Minster Abba Eban was replying to his .speech. It was rude, and the Soviels explained later Kosygin had to leave to keep an appointment. But millions saw this on television. No doubt many concluded Kosygin was expressing eon- tempt for reasonable debate, .that he was relying on power politics—the number of nations already lined up on Moscow's side—to win the day for him. Even if this were not a cynical act, before the first day's discussion was .over Monday it was clear this debate was going to be neither altruistic nor ideealistic. But nobody ever thought it would be. Moscow asked for debate in the U.N. General Assembly, wanting Israel condemned as an aggressor, told to give back the land it had captured from the Arabs, and ordered to pay for damage done them in the startlingly short war. In order to get in a "word ahead of time, one hour before the assembly was due to meet President Johnson took to television, too, to lay out this coun- try's ideas for restoring peace in the Middle East. But Eban's was the most brilliant speech of the day, in or out of the United Nations. It was classic example of making a case by eliminatng literary flourishes, which Johnson almost always tries, and relying entirely upon documentation. He cited not only al! the threats Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser made about demolishing Israel befors the war began but listed by number, which must have startled the Soviets, how many weapons they had given Egypt. Nevertheless, the Kosygin- Eban debate was very often on the intellectual level of tit-for- tat. To show long-time Soviet prejudice against Israel, Eban listed the times through the years when Moscow sided with the Arabs in U.N. problems. And he accused Moscow of encouraging the Arabs in building up the Mideast frenzy. Kosygin condemned the Israelis as aggressors, accused the United States and Britain of encouraging them to violence, and declared Mideast peace is possible only if the Israelis withdraw from the captured Arab land. While there was little new in hours of discussion, anyone who followed the war controversy closely probably wound up the day just as much Impressed by what was left unsaid as by anything Eban and Kosygin did say. For instance, Kosygin never mentoned (he Gulf of Aqaba although from the moment Nasser closed it to Israeli shipping, promising it was closed for good, Israel and the Arabs were on a collission course. Both Johnson and Eban singled out the gulf blockade as the most critical move in the series of events which led to war. Johnson, putting the blame on Nasser, said: "If a single act of folly was more responsible for this explosion than any other, it was the arbitrary and announced decision" that closed the gulf. Eban called the blockade the turning point in the crisis. Yet Eban, despite his impressive documentation against the Soviet Union and Egypt, never mentioned who fired the first shot in the war. But this is an important point, never yet clearly determined, since the whole basis for the Soviets bringing the case before Ihe United Nations is their charge that Israel was the aggressor. From the moment Kosygin decided to fly to New York for the debate, the reason seemed clear enough: to mollify the Arabs who felt let down by Moscow's failure to help them in the war after promising It would support them. If the General Assembly refused to condemn Israel, after Kosygin made his long trip and big pilch, asking the condemnation, the Soviets could always tell the Arabs they bad done all they could to help. If this is at the root of Soviet thinking about tie debate, it, too, might explain Kosygin's indifereuce while Eban was making his case for Israel. Kosygin, a mild-mannered man, looks more like a technician or administrator than an innovator such as Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev on his own might hve been glad to take on Johnson. HITCHING A RIDE, over a wet spot, this Vietnamese child and his mother are helped across a stream near An Khe, Vietnam by a member of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Dodd Discussion Ties Up Senate By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON (AP) - Senate debate on proposed censure of Sen. Thomas J. Dodd is snagged in a procedural wrangle that Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield says 'could last all week." Chances for an early vote on the censure resolution dimmed Monday as .gen. Russell B. Long, self-appointed defender of Dodd, renewed his demand for a vote first on the charge that the Connecticut Democrat knowingly. double-billed the Senate and private groups for travel expenses. The Senate ethics committee, which recommended Dodd's censure for what it called financial misconduct, remains insistent that, the Senate vote first on the separate charge that Dodd converted at least $116,083 in political funds to his personal use. Long, D-La., said he has no intention of filibustering. But neither did he indicate readiness to yield the floor until his colleagues agree to vote first on the double-billing count. Long said he expects the Sen- ate to reject the double-billing ! charge and contended it was junfair to leave it hanging over Dodd while the other charge is debated. * * * Mansfield met Monday with Dodd, Long, Republican Leader Everett M. Dirksen and Chairman John Stennis, D-Miss., of tfie ethics committee to try to break the impasse. "We got together but we didn't get anywhere," Mansfield later told reporters. But he said efforts would continue. Long needs the Senate's unanimous consent to reverse the order of vote on the charges leveled by. the committee. When he asked for it last week, members of the ethics panel objject ed. . Mansfield said he would be willing to vote on the double- billing charge first if an agreement could be obtained to follow this, after three or four hours of additional debate, with a vote on the other charge as it now stands. Long maintained that if the double-billing charge were rejected, a couple of days should Police Quell Atlanta Riot By RAY BELL ATLANTA, Ga. (AP) - The third straight night of racial violence in. an Atlanta Negro neighborhood Was quieted by police firing shotguns and pistols into the air. The block-long area of the Dixie Hills shopping, center erupted Monday night as crowds of rock-throwing Negroes poured into the street after attending a meeting at a nearby church. where black power leader Stokely Carmichael urged them to play it cool." Two persons were injured and several arrested in the hour- long incident. * * * John Casserly, television newsman for the American Broadcasting' Co.,, received 'a gash in the leg, apparently from a thrown object. A Negro man, who claimed he was a long-time friend of Carmichael's, displayed a slight cut in the thigh and said he thought he was bit by a stray buckshot pellet. Windows in most of shopping center's five businesses were broken and glass littered the sidewalks after a rain of rocks and bottles bounced off police cars and around officers patrolling the area. At least seven Negroes were arrested and charged with failure to move on at an officer's direction. All gave Atlanta addresses. At the peak of the disturbance, a barrage of gunfire and flying rocks pinned down several newsmen and photographers. The violence erupted after about 350 Negroes, mostly teenagers, gathered in a small, sweltering church located about two blocks from the shopping :enter where a Negro policeman shot a Negro man before noon Monday, claiming the man attacked him with a stick. Carmichael, an impromptu speaker at the church, told the group that police have got this entire community surrounded, ready to move in and shoot people down. They've got everybody marked, ready • to shoot," he said. * * * Carmichael urged the start of what he called an underground movement so they won't know who's who. They've got us surrounded tonight, so we'll just walk about and play it cool," he said. As the crowd left the church, it streamed down a dusty gravel street in the predominantly Negro area in northwest Atlanta and poured into an apartment complex surrounding the small shopping center.- The rock-throwing and gunfire began only moments later. * * * Prior to Carmichael's speech, State Sen. LeRoy Johnson, a Negro, spoke to the crowd at the church, urging them to be patient and permit city and slate officials to work toward solving their grievances. A man standing outside the church, stuck his head through an open window and yelled, Get down, LeRoy. Let Stokely speak." Carmichael's first words to the crowd were: The conscience of this country should have been stirred 400 years ago when they made us slaves. They ain't got no conscience." Carmichael, arrested Sunday night was scheduled to appear in court Monday. However, the hearing was postponed until Thursday because his lawyer was tied up in another case. Flag Desecration Legislation Pending By CARL P. LETJBSORF. | its supporters from both parties WASHINGTON (AP) — Legis- who want to spell out more lation making it a federal crime I clearly that the bill is aimed to desecrate the American flag [ only at those who mutilate, de- may be on its way to President | face, defile, burn or trample on Johnson before Congress quits next week for the 4th of July recess. The House takes up the legislation today, with only a handful of votes expected against it, while plans in the Senate are to bring it to the floor after completion of debate on censure o£ Sen, Thomas J. Dodd, D-Conn. Both sides plan'to use visual aids in the.House. Supporters of the legislation say they will show billboard-size, photographs of a recent flag-burning incident in New York's Central Park and of the historic flag-raising by Marines on Iowa Jima during World War II. Opponents plan to display flag-decorated items such as beach towels, pillows and earrings in order to find out if a provision applying the bill to all representations of the flag would make it illegal too, for example, to lean against a pillow with n flag on it. The major effort to amend the bill it expected to bt made by the flag with malicious intent. The House Judiciary Committee, which approved the bill two weeks ago, defeated 18 to 13 an amendment by Rep. Edward G. Biester Jr., R-Pa., to clarify it intentions so it could not be apr plied against unintentional offenses against the flag. The measure, which provides a maximum penalty of $1,000 fine-and one year in prison, is intended to protect not only the flag but all representations of it, such as in paintings or on postage stamps. Opponents of the legislation, led by Reps. John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., and Don Edwards, D- Calif., contend it is unconstitutional and is intended to infringe on dissent, particularly opposition to U.S. policy in Vietnam. All 50 states already have laws directed at flag desecra- Hunting Device The bola, an ancient hunting device, was used by primitive peoples, some 400,000 years ago. The weapon, made of weights connected by thongs, > is still used by the gauchos of South America and some Eskimos. Quoted From Poem The phrase, "the shot heard world,"- is taken Waldo Emerson's around the from Ralph "Concord Hymn,"' written 61 years after the battle of Concord. It was sung at the dedication of the battle monument in 1935. Changed Jurisdiction Jurisdiction of, American Samoa was formerly under the U.S. Navy Department but, since July 1, 1951, it has been administered by the Department of the Interior. Wordy Trial Coverage The 1925 Scopes trial, held in Dayton, Tenn., and pitting Clarence parrow against William Jennings Bryan, was one of the most widely publicized trials in history. An average of 175,000 words a day were telegraphed out of Dayton to newspapers, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. tion, but the burning of a flag at an antiwar demonstration in New York in April has brought strong congressional pressure for federal legislation. be allowed for additional debate on the charge Dodd used campaign contributions and the proceeds of political testimonials for personal expenses. * * * Long indicated he plans to offer softening amendments, and probably a substitute, to this count.' But he said if the vote went against Dodd on the double-billing count, this would indicate Senate sentiment and he would take very little time in argung further against the other charge. The fifth day of debate Mon-' day found Dodd under severe verbal fire from Wallace F. Bennett. R-Utah, vice chairman of the ethics committee. Bennett attacked (fie white- haired senator's contention that the double-billings resulted from sloppy bookkeeping by a former Dodd aide, Michael V. O'Hare. ' The record shows," said Bennett, "that it could not have happened except with his (Dodd's) full knowledge under his personal directions and through his actual participation, in a manner and to an extent that demonstrates a willful course of conduct." Last week Dodd, in an emotional speech, told the Senate that if he deliberately attempted to defraud .the government through double-billing he, should i ing [or the Connecticut Demo- be expelled rather than censured. Bennett said, "Obviously Sen! Dodd had to be involved, essen- crat. P inett also, disclosed for 'the first time that the ethics committee had received an affidavit tially and inescapably", in the [from Dodd's personal account- double-billings and also empha- 1 ant, David Nichols of Hartford; sized it was Dodd — not O'Hare — "who was enriched by the scheme." Conn., saying "O'Hare's performance of bookkeeping was quite satisfactory for a lay- He said the fact only $1, 763 1 man." was involved is beside the point, j O'Hare and three other ex- Dodd disclosed last week that he refunded that amount to the Senate disbursing office. Dodd has called O'Hare 2 witless, slovenly bookkeeper, but Bennett said O'Hare received "numerous and substantial increases in salary" while work- aides to Dodd rifled the Senator's files of some $,000 documents and turned over copies to columnists Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson. Charges raised by the columnists led to the ethics committee's 14-month probe of Dodd, . Jerusalem's Old City contains the holiest sites of three faiths—Hie Wailing Wall, a remnant of Solomon's Temple, of Jews; the Half Sepulchre, where Christ was buried and arose, of Christians, and the Dome of the Rock, where Mohammed ascended into heaven, of Moslems. Under Jordanian control since 1948, its population is about 40,000 compared .with the Israeli Nctr City of 157,000, UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC (EGYPT) Egyptian administered since 1948, the Gaza Strip has been the base of the Arabs' Palestine Liberation Amy and terrorist raids info Is- taeL At Sinai's southern tip. Sham, el Sheikh is the key to Bath, Israel's vital oil port at the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. it controls the oacraw Steak fit litaq, enUj to the " High ground on Syrian side of the frontier is strategically important for Israel Syrian guns in the tolls bad maintained a near siege of Israeli farm and fishing vfl> loses. 1948 SAUDI ARABIA 1949 n SIM PENINSULA ARABIA '• ISRAEL'S BORDERS hove changed significantly since the nation's birth in the 1948 partition of Palestine. The United Nations partition plan, accepted by Israel but rejected by the Arabs, split the territory equally between the new Jewish stare and Arabs with Jerusalem internationalized. In the first Arab-Israeli war that followed, Israel gained considerable ground, including Jerusalem's New City. Jordan held the historic Old City. In the 1956 round, the Syrian and Jordanian fronts remained quiet while Israel overran 'Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. She withdrew after international assurances that included open navigation of the Gulf of Aqaba, commanded by the Egyptian strongpoint af Storm il Sheikh. Egypt's blockade of the gulf touched off the latest clash. Israel again occupies Sinai plus all of Jerusalem and large chunks of Jordan and Syria. This time the indicates she Intends to hold on to key points. UHitiO\ ARAB^REFUBLIC

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