The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 16, 1967 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, June 16, 1967
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Page 7
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Hyfliwm* (Art.) Courier Ifars - Friday, June It, 199T - ftf» tons FARM NEWS Review and forecast On Missco Farms By Keith Bilbrey, County Agent Elm trees are dying in Increasing numbers in North Mis- ssissippi County, and Blytheville In particular. It may be safe to assume that most of the dying is due to Dutch elm disease. The results of this disease are conspicuous in Elmwood Cemetery and on certain older streets in Blytheville. Dutch elm disease is a vascular disease of elm trees, caused by fungus Ceratocystis ulmi. It Obtained its name by being first described by plant pathologists in the Netherlands. This disease was introduced into the Eastern United States from nelect or send material that has been dead for some time, or which does not show the discolored ring under the bark. 3. Send all specimens for Dutch elm disease testing to Extension Plant Pathologist, P. 0. Box 391, Little Rock, Ark., or Department of Plant Pathologist, University of Arkannas, Fayetteville, and mark "Test for Dutch Elm Disease." * * » NOTE: It is very important that you mail the specimens immediately after collecting. Delay in testing or exposure to high temperature reduces the Europe about 1930. It has been accuracy of the test, found in 28 states where ehii| There in no known cure for art grown. I Dutch elm disease. It is of ut- The first elmi known to be most importance that everyone infected by Dutch elm disease! understand that once a tree be- in Arkansas were found in comes infected there is no known cure. However, this is contrary to what some self- styled "experts" on "cures for Dutch elm disease" will attempt to cell. It should also be understood that once Dutch elm disease is well established in an area, no control program will completely eradicate it. In areas where Dutch elm disease is established the best known control measures are being followed, the annual loss has been reduced to two per cent of the elm population. Therefore, the control program is not completely effective. The only known method to reduce Dutch elm disease is to keep the bark beetles from carrying the fungus from diseased to healthy trees and pre- that the fungus produces, vent the spread through root Greene, Missinsippi, Poinsett, and Randolph Counties in the summer of 1961. A state-wide survey during the summer of 1962 revealed its presence in six additional counties, namely: Carroll, Clay, Craighead, Lawrence, Madison and Washington. The disease is now known to be present in all of the northern two tiers of counties and several other counties as far south as Nashville, Arkansas. * * * The tiny spores of the fungus germinate in the water - conducting tissues of the living elm tree. An the fungus grows, it is j believed to cause the tree to form gums which plug the water - conducting vessels. This condition, along with a poison causes the tree to die. A tree may die in the same season that it is infected. Some are killed within a few weeks. Only a few live longer than the second or third season. All of our native species of elm are susceptible. The Chinese and Siberian species show some degree of resistance. * * * Dutch elm disease is spread primarily by two species of adult elm bark beetles. These are the European elm bark beetle Scolytus multistriatus that entered the United States in 1909 and the American elm bark beetle Hylurgopinus rufi- pes. When adult bark beetles emerge and leave diseased elm trees, fungus spores are likely to cling to their bodies. These grafts. There are two practices employed, in preventing the spread by bark beetles: Sanitation, and chemical control with insecticides. * * Sanitation involves the removal and destruction of all dead and dying branches from elm trees. Also, the removal and destruction of all elm trees that have died. In addition, a maintenance program should be followed that will keep all elms vigorous so that they will not be attractive to elm bark beetles as breeding sites. This would include adequate moisture and plant food and protection against other insects and diseases. Elm leaf beetles and the disease "wetwood" often cause a weak condition in elms in Arkansas. PLANTING WITHOUT TILLING speeded the operation for Larry Right, 26, and hi* father Clvde of Mowe.qut, HI., this spring when they put in 1,100 acre* of corn In g?r davs Using a new type if planter that stirs up a seed bed five to .even Inches deep just ahead of the seed boxes, they planted the entire crop without u.ing a ptow. Idea behind the new "No-Til" is to reduce time, effort and money spent to prepare a seed bed. according to the machine'* developed, the AllU-Chalmeri company. The spread of the fungus from spores enter healthy trees through the feeding wounds .,.,. , , ,„, (punctures) made by the adult |f» "£ ecte( ! *"? to » healthv bark beetles. Such f e e d in g * ee *««* «**** "' wounds are usually made in the crotches of one and two year old twigs of healthy elm trees. When these conditions occur, a new infection begins. In addition to the fungus being transmitted by the elm bark beetles, it may also pass through natural root grafts Pemiscot Notes Bv W F James Area Extension Agricultural Agent Here is a statement about new herbicides for soybeans prepared by L. E. Anderson, Extension Weed Specialist, University of Missouri and submitted by Area Agricultural Extension Agent, W. F. James. New herbicides make their appearance with frequent regularity. Many fall by the wayside, so to speak, but others have made significant contribu- Hnn lion. Most new herbicides are developed and released by commercial companies that have a tremendous investment in each new product. Food and Drug Administration residue tolerance and U.S.D.A. label registration are required before a new herbicide can be offered for sale. Missouri has a law that all agricultural chemicals sold in the state must be registered in the State Department of Agriculture. Planavin and Dacthal are included 'in a group of new soybean herbicides. Planavin is a new herbicide while Dacthal is an older herbicide, with a new use on soybeans. Both Planavin and Dacthal are incorporated and both have limitations that Vernam which is not as new as Planavin but has not been used as extensively as herbicides like Amiben and Treflan. There are nO feeding limitations where Vernam is used on soybeans. There are some relatively new surface — applied pre- emergents available for soybeans. Alanap plus would come under this heading — Alanap is not a new herbicide but the additive represented by the plus makes this combination of Ala- nap and CIPC relatively new. Here again no feeding limitations are involved. Tenoran is a new post emergent. It has a limitation as a post emergent, in that it should je applied before weeds are two inches tall. This does not provide much flexibility in time of application. Also forage of soybeans sprayed with Tenoran, are classified as "experimental herbicides." This means they have performed well in comparative trials and appear to be highly promising. But we need additional performance information before giving full recommendation. NOTICE Notice is hereby given that an election will be held in the City of Leachville, Arkansas, on the 20th day of June, 1967, at which there will be submitted to the electors of the City the question of issuing City of Leachville, Arkansas, Industrial Development Revenue Bonds (callec "bonds") under Act No. 9 ol the First Extraordinary Session of the Sixty-second General Assembly of the State of Arkansas, approved January 21, 1960, as amended (called "Act No. 9") in an amount not to exceed $200,000 for the purpose of fur- • lishing the overall financing incurred in connection with the developing of industry, including refunding of the bonds heretofore issued under Act. 9 for the jurpose of acquiring and constructing the premises occupied jy Florafax Delivery, Inc. The bonds will be dated, will bear nterest at such rate or rates, interest will be payable on such payment of the principal of, interest on and paying agent's Eees in connection with the dates, the bonds will mature on such date or dates, the bonds will be subject to redemption prior to maturity in such manner and upon such terms, and the bonds will be issued as one issue or in series at ons time or from time to tune, all as the City Council shall, subsequently determine and specify in the ordinance authorizing their issuance. The proposed industrial development will consist of an expansion of the Original Project owned by the City and leased to and operated by Flor- afax Delivery, Inc., (called "Florafax"), with th* overall industrial undertaking, the Original Project as expanded, being herein referred to as the "industrial project." The industrial project will be owned by the City and will be leased to Florafax for rentals which wil be sufficient to provide for the bonds as the same become due The bonds will not be genera obligations of the City but wil be special obligations payable solely from revenues derivec from the industrial project, In eluding particularly lease rentals under the Lease Agreement to be executed with Florafax and re ferred to above, which revenues and rentals will be specifically pledged to the payments of the r.o-u-R-/-s-M Fastest Growing LITTLE ROCK. Ark. — Tour- j was from tourist trade. Most ism or travel li om of the tint- of these firms were small with about one-third having annual gross sales of less than $20,000. About one-half of the firms were operated by one or two persons. In general, ihe small lar annual business," Metzler operator profited most from the points out. "When people travel, I tourist trade. they spend money In prepara- Industry est growing industries in Arkansas, advises George F. Metzler, Extension recreation specialist. "It is over a 200 million dol- tion, while enroute, and at Kieir is estimated that some 7,000 more workerl will be needed to handle Hie lourist trade as com- ' pared with the I960 employed.. The median family income in the Ozark area" has increased about three times as rapidly as it did In some of the better farming areas. Not only did. destination. And much of this that out of each dollar spent in Operators of retail and per- j family incomes increase but al- sonal service firms reported , so the number of families in the the area 28 cents went for transportation, 25 cents for food. 24 rents for other retail purchases money is being spent .in rural areas where job opportunities have been limited." Some recent findings in the Missouri Ozarks are comparable to the area in the northern art of Arkansas, Metzler says. Operators of all types c( businesses were interviewed, from motels to farm s u p p 1 y ; per cent greater by 1970 and firms. Expenditures by tourists i some estimate the I960 figure Ozark area. New job opportunities with Uie area have Increased the number of famillefc The economic Impact of tour- influenced the economy of all firms. Operators reported that 88 per cent of ttieir business and 19 cents for lodging. Only 3 \ ist on Hie Ozark area has beca cents was spent for direct en- j sizeable and the sociological im- tertainment. pact may have been even great» » • er. Contact of the local people It is generally estimated that:with urban dwellers has mad«'~ . the tourist spending would be 75 them aware of different ways' ' ;; to do things. Property owners In the Ozarks have an opportunity to...-. capitalize on the tourist trade,.'.', also, Metzler says. ' will be doubled. There is expected a big impact on employment. By 1970 it Herbicide Oil: BO GIBSON Associate County Extension Agent North Mississippi County With the adverse weather conditions we have experienced this spring a good postemergence weed control program will be a necessity. A good first application post- emergence material to consider is a herbicide oil. If applied at the proper time, when weeds are small, this is the cheapest route to follow. Another advantage in that oil can be applied to small cotton plants without undue injury if the material is kept off the leaves. This gives ;he producer an advantage of applying the material to very young weed plants, just when weeds are most susceptible. Oil applications can begin Cheapest Route when cotton plants are two and one-half to three inches tall. With normal development probably tdree applications can be made before the stem b a r k begins cracking. Oils should not be applied to cotton plants weakened by seedling disease or wind action. Colon plants may also be injured when oil is applied above 85 degrees F. and the soil surface the forage cannot be consumed by livestock. While on the subject of incorporated herbicides for soybeans we might include principal of and interest on ihe bonds, and the bonds wil! secured by a lien on the industrial project as authorized by Act No. 9. Only qualified electors of the City of Leachville, Arkansas shall have, the right to vote, an< the electors may vote either for or against the issuance o the bonds. Election will be held between the hours of 8:00 o'clock a.m and 7:30 o'clock p.m. at th following polling places in th City of Leachville, Arkansas Ward 1 - City Hall Ward 2 — General Insurance Office Ward 3 — School Gymnasium This 2nd day of May, 1967. CITY OF LEACHVILLE, AR KANSAS By: Joe Cashion, Mayor. • 5-23, 30, 6-6, 13, 19 cur on trees within 30 feet of one another. This can be prevented by making a .three foot deep trench midway between them or injjecting the soil fumi-1 gant Vapam. ' Chemical control consists of applying an insecticide to all elm trees during the dormant season (between leaf fall and from diseased to nearby healthy i sprjng bud swel]) tha{ ^j wl] trees. the beetles before they infest I health trees. This practice is Elms are susceptible to and attacked by several disease and insect pests which result in an unhealthy appearance. However, one should be suspicious of Dutch elm disease when there is a presence of wilting leaves that shortly become yellow and later turn brown when dead. These symptoms at first may appear on only one or two branches. Suspicious trees may also be checked for the oval, depressed ' feeding punctures of the beetles If the above symptoms are present, one should ttien check for a brown discoloration of the wood just beneath the bark. If all of these symptoms are pres. ent, it is requested that a specimen be pulled for a laboratory test. * * * There is only one way you can be sure about a suspicious tree having Dutch elm disease. Wood from the branches must be examined for the fungun by a plant pathologist using laboratory facilities. This examination may be obtained in the following way: 1. Cut five or six sections of wood about six inches long and 1-2 to 1 inch in diameter from the diseased branches of each tree. 2. Wrap and bind the specimen in paper and place in a eard- boud bos for Miliag. ft» «* presently suggested in Ar- Remember Pay Your Paper Boy Russell K. Marr Salesman Tom Little REALTY Ph. PO 2-2323 Let fcs Mil your home. WE CAN: Help you set the right price! Find a Buyer! Find Financing- for your buyer! See us for houses displaying FHA Signs. BOONE CLEANERS-LAUNDRY 504 Park - Ph. PO 3-8144 Fur Cleaning Finest- Methods Fur & Woolen Storage Economical Box Storage $3.00 PLENTY FREE PARKING BOONE CLEANERS-LAUNDRY 504 Park • Ph. PO 3-8144 Carpet-Rug - Upholstery Cleaning IN YOUR HOME OR IN PLANT! "Tile, Hardwood and Concrete Floors Cleaned & Polished" • Drapes • Sofa & Chair Covers • Bedspreads Tenorair for soybeans, the best early post- emergence weedkiller. Don't use it till you see a stand of beans. Tenoran lets you SM your »tand of soybeans before you invest in weed control. Then you can knock out the troublesome broadleaf weeds. Just spray Tenoran before the weeds get 2 inches tall —in about 10 days you'll have dead weeds and clean beans. This is the way to weed soybeans. Tenoran kills annual broadleaf weed* such at cocklebur, morningglory, velvetleaf and pigweed —the weeds that come through • preemergence weedkillers. This year wait till you see your beans—then wipe out the wseds with Tenoran Herbicide. Order Tenoran from your dealer today. L/ 1 JJ A FARMERS SOYBEAN CORPORATION THf HOME OF SUDDEN SfftWCf Hurion i, No. Broadway Ph. PO 3-8191 is wet or under 65 degrees rV : and the plants are wet. Head Courier news Classifieds.; Riding Academy Join In on the fun — come out and let me teach too to ride a horse for only 12.00 per hour. SAM FINCHER Ph. JO 4-2848 3 Mllei SB Bit Lake Bridie VELSICOL Big Daddy COTTON INSECTICIDE controls hard-to-kil! bollworms! Big Daddy* Cotton bollworms and tobacco budworms now withstand in- sccticidcs that used to woik. BIG DADDY, however, contains chlordane, DDT, and mclhyj paratbion. It wprlei belter than single insecticides. Tested BIG DADDY insecticide keeps even teyere boUworm, budworm and bell weevil populations at low levels on standard 5-7 day schedules. It's easy to apply Mid low in cost. ORDER TODAY I Me ffnwfcj World of VELSICOL' "HOW DOES IT FEEL TO BE A NEWS- PAPERBOY WITH MONEY IN THE BANK?" And if yw feel you ere, Just •Mil • this coupon. It's a good feeling allrighr. This boy's savings ore stashed owoy in one big lump sum. And his savings are all profits from his newspaper route. Of course, He's free to spend it any way he'd like. But by now he knows the value of a dollar. He's saving this money for college. Smart move, Buster. (You can understand why he has such a smug look on his face.) If you're a boy 12 or over and would like to have th« responsibility of your own newspaper route, sit down and-talk it over with your" parents. See if you oren't capable of going into busi* ness for yourself os o news- paperboy. NAME... ADDRESS ••• •••s»»».»».».*«*« I TELEPHONE L Blytheville Courier News

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