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Page TffdW - Blyfnevlllg '(Ark.)' Courier Wewgj-• Tucsilay,_3urft jS The Crime Commission Reports on Liquor By STEPHEN M. AUG WASHINGTON (AP) - A consultant to the President's crime commission suggested today even moderate drinkers might turn to potent drugs if sources of alcoholic beverages were shut off. Richard A. Blum explained that most Americans are not about to stop drinking since it "gives more pleasure than pain and ordinarily does not lead to trouble. And problem drinkers, "without anything else but alcohol as a focus of life or source of pleasure or tranquilization, may well ask us what we have that is better than their spirituous familiar," lie said. Blum, a research director at Stanford University's Institute tor the Study of Human Problems in California, made the comments in a report to the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. In a telephone interview, he added that because nearly all human cultures use drugs—and he considers alcohol a drug— "there's a reasonable guess that If we went back to prohibition, we would, of course, try to find other drugs that were acceptable and use them. "We're so'heavily committed to drug use that it would be inconceivable that we could reduce the use of drugs," Blum said. Blum's report was one of nine •n drunkeness prepared by consultants to the crime commission. The papers made public today comprised the sixth of the panel's nine specialized reports to be published. All were summarized in the commission's report issued last February. Aside from the consultant's papers, the report contained only the same chapter on drunkenness, with the addition of footnotes, that appeared in the February report. The commission, noting that the two million persons arr-sted yearly lor drunkenness comprise a third of all arrests, recommended that dunkenness no longer be considered a crime and that drunks not be considered criminals. But it said "disorderly and other criminal conduct accompanied by drunkenness should remain punishable as separate crimes." To curb the problem of drunken derelicts—the unemployed homeless men who inhabit the nation's skid rows—the commission suggested the organization of detoxification centers to which alcoholics may be taken voluntarily. One model cited by a commission consultant is the Vera Institute's Bowery Projject in New York, expected to become a fully operational program in October at an estimated yearly cost of $350,000. Vera is setting up a 50-bed facility on the Bowery with a detoxification center operated by SI. Vincent's Hospital. Drunks will be approached by roving teams of civilians—accompanied by plainclothes police—and asked whether they wish to go to the center. Those who refuse would be left alone. Those who accept would remain at the center up to four days or hospitalized if they are seriously ill. After they are dried out they would be sent to one of several rehabilitation centers. Adv for 6:30 a.m. EOT Today Crime Commission-Liquor gal 2 Vera officials hope that once derelicts find they are well treated at the center, they will volunteer for treatment. This would be the nation's first completely voluntary program for commitment of drunks. In St. Louis a similar program is run by police whs take drunks to a rehabilitation facility under threat of summons. Vera is a nonprofit, charitable organization engaging in research and experimental programs in the administration of criminal justice. James Vorenberg, commission executive director, called the recommendations on drunkenness among the panel's least controversial and "the most doable." Vorenberg urged communities to incorporate swiftly the commission's recommendations, especially that of removing police from the business of handling drunks. "It's work that does not make being a policeman very attractive," he told newsmen at a briefing. And, he added, the commission believes fear of conviction for drunkenness no deterrence since most alcoholics have long arrest records. He said one study reported the average alcoholic had been arrested 58.5 times. Blum's report is one of four he and others prepared on mind-altering drugs and dangerous behavior. It is based largely on hitherto unpublished studies prepared by a group headed by Ira Cisin of George Washington University here, Blum said any suggestion to reduce drinking was futile and "unnecessary, for there is no reason for the normal drinker to stop. His drinking is controlled, need not become a progressive disease, gives more pleasure than pain, and ordinarily does not lead to trouble." Some benefits of alcohol, he said, include its value as a tranquilizer and sedative, food for nutritional use and treatment of disorders of appetite, obesity, diabetes, nutritional deficiencies and some heart diseases. "Its beneficial social and psychological effects, including tension reduction, social interaction facilitation and direct euphoria, are better known," he added. But alcoholism, he noted, Is associated with early death and a high frequency of heart disease, tuberculosis and cirrhosis •f the liver. Blum said "culturally integrated drinking allows for heavy consumption without heavy trouble following in its wake." Integrated drinking is that which occurs as part of other important activities such as meals, festivals and religious rites when other people are present, he said. Blum noted that in the United States, Italian, Greek and Jewish families introduce their children to wine and other mild beverages early in life as part of family dining or religious rituals. On the other hand Irish and New England offspring began drinking later in adolescence and more often use hard liquor and drink outside the home, he said. Generally, Irish Catholics drink more than Protestants, and Jews drink least of the three, Blum contended. The presumption, he said, is that "one should teach people how to drink. That means that either beginning in childhood in the family setting — which means a cohesive family must exist—or later in life as an adult, people must be taught to drink just before or during meals, to prefer the blood level low-peak, slow-acting beverages." Blum concluded that the larg- est proportions of drinkers ar» among males, younger persons in their 20s and 30s and among people of higher social and eca- nomic status. ftegionally, New England and the Middle Atlantic states have the highest proportion of drinkers; the east South-Central region the lowest, he said. Among religions, Jews, Episcopalians, Catholics and Lutherans drink more than Baptists and other antialcohol groups, his study noted. But in contrast to these normal drinkers, most heavy drinkers are among the lower socioeconomic groups, especially among older men, and in particular those of Puerto Rican or Latin extraction, Negroes and Protestants not affiliated with churches. The study shows also that when males have begun drinking early outside the family, have been separated from one or both parents as children, have been active Catholics or, as older persons, Protestant Fundamentalists, "one or more out of every three such persons runs the risk of being a heavy drinker." Blum reported also the results of a 30-year study of a group of normal public school children. It showed that those who became problem drinkers as adults also became aggressive, attention seeking, socially extroverted, resentful of authority, and lacking in feeling for oth- ers. As children they have indifferent mothers and live in families lacking warmth and understanding, the study said. At the other extreme, "abstainers were lacking in social poise, the males were more feminine, and they were rigid and self-righteous," Blum noted. He added that "moderate drinkers, compared either to problem drinkers or to abstainers, were better adjusted chil- den, adolescents and adults." Another report prepared by David J. Pittman, a sociology professor at Washington University in St. Louis, said "excessive drinking of alcoholic beverages is a significant fact in the commission of crimes." The Pittman study said the closest relation between drunkenness and criminal behavior involves assaults. The relationship is "especially high for lower-class Negroes and whites," it said. STOCKHOLM (AP) - Taxi drivers here are inviting their passe ile's to have a free cup of cof'ee It's part of 9 be nice to the custome'r" campaign. As a starter, half of Stock- 1 elm's taxi force are issuing tvffe? coup n. 'o iei- pas .en- gers when they pay their fares. If the idea is successful, the scheme will be extended to all taxis. MIDEAST OIL CON R * " WESTERN EUROPE • 65 WESTERN PACIFIC - 65% Anti-Western feelings in the Arab world due to the Mideast fighting may dry up the flow of oil from that area, but Western officials foresee no real crisis. Arab oil fields supply about one-third of the Free World's oil, but Britain and Western Europe have large reserves that will hold them for same time. Other possible remedies would be to increase shipments from the United States and Latin America. The U.S., as shown above, gets only a small percentage of total petroleum from the Mideast. Hal Boyle NEW YORK (AP) - Remarks that lead only to more trouble: "If you don't like the way I'm doing my job, you can always get someone else to do it." "I'm taking a flipht today to qualify for my pilot's license. Care to go up with me?" "Would you mind reaching over and holding the wheel while I light up a cigarette? Don't worry — we're only doing 70.", "Why do you always want to see a film if Julie Christie is in it, George? What has she got that I don't have?" "Pass me an ear of corn. With this new $650 bridge in my mouth. I feel like I can eat anything." "I'd suggest you load up on this stock now while it's still selling at a buck a share. 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