( ALTOONA TRIBUNE, Saturday. February 16. I94B Htlitoriuts Mr. Truman Breaks The Line AT last, Mr. Truman has announced a new wage-price policy, determined upon as a means of ending the steel strike, and, it is hoped, others. It is the solution most of us had been expecting. It will give the strikers approximately what they want. It will give the steel companies what they want. But, John Q. Public pays the bill. It took Mr. Truman a long time to decide this. His solution still leaves a complicated and arbitrary machinery to decide just when a company can afford to raise wages without raising prices. It still leaves plenty of room for misunderstanding and for difficulties. But, most important of all Mr. Truman is the first to make a major break in his own policy, stressed so strongly recently to the public in his address to the nation when he called on everyone to "hold the line against prices, against inflation." Steel is a basic commodity. An increase in its price will raise prices right along the line. Perhaps the steel strike has been settled by this new policy. Perhaps it was worth it. .. .for the strike until a few days ago had cost the nation six million tons of steel and cost employes more than 60 million dollars in wages in the steel industry alone. But, this is inflation, no matter what Mr. Truman may call it. Mr. Bowles, the former OPA administrator, called it inflation. He said recently he was employed to hold the line against rising prices, and he would do it. The line wasn't held. But, Mr. Bowles is no longer OPA administrator. He has been shifted over to another position, in order, probably, to facilitate the breaking of the line. Any one who doubts that creeping inflation has hit this country in the last few years need look only at prices of staple commodities. If his wages have kept pace, he is lucky. But, not everyone has been so fortunate. Mr. Truman cries, "Hold the line against inflation!" Then, he announces a new policy of higher wages and higher prices. This inconsistency is not new from the federal government. It is the definite result of not forming a definite policy long ago and sticking to it. Exceptions have wrecked the whole federal program. Sufficient pressure will do the job. Labor and business both know that. On a small scale, we are heading toward the kind of unbalanced economy found in war-torn countries, such as Austria, where the wealthy may buy champagne at a night club for $3 a bottle, and a good dinner to go with it for three or four more dollars, returning Yanks report. But, an Austrian laboring man must work a month to feed his family properly for a week. The result is widespread famine and suffering side by side with opulence and ease. The administration again has broken its own hold-the-line poncy. We can expect that during Mr. Truman's campaign, he and his backers will cite the wage increases he has got for labor. They will not add anything about the increased prices they got for the average citizen, or the increased prices they permitted industry to charge up. They will continue to minimize the increased cost of living. But they won't be able to impress the average in-the-middle American who has to pay out a major portion of his salary for food and living costs. THIS SEEMS SILLY AN almost incredible situatioh seems to be developing in this country. Our great production and distribution machinery has been stalled by industrial disputes. The President himself said Thursday night that collective bargaining has failed in a number of important instances so that our "economy is threatened with complete paralysis." Now, we learn that imports from England are arriving in this country in large quantities. They include such items as toys, vacuum cleaners and bicycles. Their quality is good, in some items far superior to that we are now producing, and. the price is far under that for domestic products. What will this mean to American business? Foreign trade, with cheaper labor, can get a foothold here now, with our production stalled. And, Mr. Truman, Mr. Vinson and Mr. Byrnes are urging Americans to approve a loan of nearly four billion dollars to Britain "to aid international trade!" Are we, then, to give them the money to cut our own financial throats? THE TRIBUNES PROGRAM FOR ALTOONA Religious Education on School Curriculum Permanent Program to Combat Juvenile Delinquency More Playgrounds More Park Areas Within the City Altoona Beautification Annual Contest Industrial Expansion ALTOONA TRIBUNE Continuously Published Since January 3. 1856 Published Daily Excepi Suniay and Certain Holidays By I'hs 1'imeft I'rihunn Co. No. lilt twelfth Street AltiHina. Pa. Henry W Shoemaker. Pres CoL Theo Arter, Jr,' Vice President and Editor Robert W. Boyer. Managing Editor Arthur B. Crane. General Man ager I Member of Audit Bureau of Circulations Entered at Altoona Postorfice as Second Class Mail Matter Member ot the Associated Press and Associated Press Feature Sen-Ice Pie Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication ot all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the loca) news published herein All rights of republication of special dispatches herein re also reserved inl National Advertising Representative: Fred Kimball. Inc.. fi7 West 4th St.. New York: Detroit Chicago. Phila-delphia and Pittsburg TRIBUNE PHONE 8ISI- Carrier Subscript loo Rates One Week $ .21 Dne Mo (In Advance) $ 95 Mail Subscription Rate One Mo (In Advance ) $ 95 One Year (In Advance) $900 Armed Forre Member Rate One Mo (In Advance) S .75 One Year (In Advance) $6.00 Tliis M orning s Comment henrv w hrmam HERE'S NEWS: REV. 8. M. MEANS COMING i'O ALTOONA. GREAT HISTORIAN OF NEURO RACE MAV GIVE TALKS IN MOUNTAIN CITV; THE PASSING OF JOHN HARRIS, FAMOUS SLAVE , FRANK, WHO ONCE PLAY-ED WITH LOGAN, "THE MINGO CHIEF": A NEGRO GUARDED FORT BEDFORD'S HISTORIC FLAG. REPORTS that Rev. Sterling M. Means, 628 Herr street, Harrisburg, leading historian of the Negro race in Amer- ica, may come to Altoona to deliver talks before service clubs, churches and lodges, draw's attention to the efforts to locate the grave of Frank, once slave of John Harris. Jr., founder of Gov. Martin's beay-tiful Capital city, who passed away on Nov. 8, 1839; in speaking of his demise the National Gazette of Nov. 11, 1839, Philadelphia, says: "HARRISBURG, Died, in the Dauphin county home, Saturday last, Frank, formerly a slave of Mr. John Harris, the founder of Harrisburg. Pa. He was born about 1743, where Harrisburg now stands, and was almost or more than ninety years of age at the time of his death. He was manumitted by the late Mr. Adam Orth. of "Newmarket Forge," in Lebanon (then Dauphin) county. Frank remembered when the Indian smoked his pipe and when the forest covered what is now the site of Harrisburg. He used to say he had 'turned many a furrow between the Canal and the bridge across the river.' He also said that he had often played and wrestled with James Logan, the Mingo chief, then a young mail. Frank also liked to tell of accompanying his master and family to Paz-ta.ng Church, he and another servant armed, as well as Mr. Harris of the weapons stacked and scattered around the Church. "JOHN Elder, the clergyman was a Colonel in the Militia, and displayed courage on many a trying occasion." , NEGRO fraternal organizations are trying to locate the grave and get Don Cadzows historical commission to put up a state marker. Many have wondered if Frank was the slave who brought the friendly Indians to the aid of John Harris, Sr., when tied to the old mulberry tree on Front street, Harrisburg, and like Col. Crawford, to be burned at the stake, only not a friendly hand was raised to save Crawford, even though several of the white race, including Col. Simon Girty (Gerdes. were present at this awful outburst of the redskins' fury, but the senior Harris' deliverer was named Hercules. OTHER unknown graves at the Harrisburg home contain immortal dust known only to God's mercy. Rev. J. Henry Dubbs of Lancaster, in his fascinating biography of Baron Hendrik Willem Stiegel, published in 1877, nearly 70 years ago, states: "Stiegel died some 60 years ago, in the county home at Harrisburg," and quotes a German newspaper, in 1867, as saying, "Just when the baron had lost hope, and was about to commit suicide at Charming Forge, near Womelsdorf. Berks county, a check for $500 from a creditor in Philadelphia turned up unexpectedly in the mails, and he immediately left the neighborhood." OLD people in Harrisburg used to ' say he came to the future capital city on the Susquehanna to re-establish business connections, and collect other debts, but being old and broken, was brushed aside, and when the $500 was all spent and no one would loan him a big copper cent, he found his last resource, the warm halls of the county home, where he died some time, they claim, between 1815 and 1817. ANOTHER has it that he dressed himself in gay raiment, got his toupet and gold headed cane out of hock, and began frequenting the Harrisburg night spots and giving shad and wild duck suppers to all the pretty girls in town, and went broke again quicker than he expected. One hates to believe such grim tales of the last days of Pennsylvania's greatest pioneer of culture, except to preserve a theory that when "Donny boy" gets ready to put up a marker, he won't have to figure out where the brilliant Baron Harry rests, "In seven cities Homer begged his bread. And claimed to be his birthplace when he was dead." INSTEAD, it is the compiler's hope that Stiegel died among friends at Carlisle Iron Works. Cumberland county, with . all the kindly Eges' by his bedside, and watched over by his devoted practical nurse, Diane de Ramee, alias Cald-cleugh. who it is said broke down and waded the Ege-See and got lost in the coaling-woods, when the great soul she had watched over passed into Eternity. AMONG famous Negroes of colonial times in Pennsylvania were Col. Thomas Cresap'a body servant. Romulus, who was killed by Indians while defending his muter, on the slopes of the highest mountain in Pennsylvania, still called for him "Negro mountain," its dark crest 3.220 feet above tide. Lost in obscurity is the name of the Negro who accompanied Col Jim Smith on his march with his band of "Black Boys" all but one white men with faces stained with walnut juice, and wrecked the Wharton. Baynton and Wharton Pacig train of guns and' ammunition being taken to the Indian country, after pthe disarming of the defeated redskins by General Harry . Bouquet, 1764. WITH the same wrath as we would all fee! t'-rtay if we heard of shipments of arm into Germany, a disxuised band of settlers fell on the contraband, and destroyed it to the last round at Bloody Run, near Everett, dying the stream red with the gore of traders' hirelings, pack-horses, mules and oxen, and dumping the loot into the swift current. This Negro patriot lived long at Fort, Bedford, and in his later days acted as custodian of the commandant's flag. The ultimate fate of this last relic of British occupation at the his Motional Whirligig Truman Shows Indifference To Food-For-Europe Problem By RAY TUCKER HARSH The normally mild and kindly President Truman has amazed numerous White House visitors urging larger contributions of food to Europe, especially to the liberated and enemy peoples, by his indifference and impatience toward the problem. The White, House apparently feels that some Capitul Hill critics aim to make political whoopee out of the question, with the votes of the German-Polish-Balkan-Slav-Italian blocs as the ballot-box prize. They, in turn, regard his recent program for increasing wheat shipments as an attempt to strip them of their thunder, although they insist that he still allows partisan considerations to block any real relief to the starving. Unfortunately, the President's resentment against the clamorous food - for - central-Europe faction in the Senate has led him to deal abruptly and harshly with other delegations inspired only by humanitarian motives. PROMISE Mr. Truman showed, for him, a surprising outburst of indignation when representatives of forty-eight rational organizations appealed to him to appoint an American Relief Mission to coordinate all private and public activities on behalf of the distressed peoples of Europe. Mrs. Dwight W. Morrow, of New Jersey, widow of the late Senator - Ambassador, headed the delegation. Among the organizations represented were the Federal Council of Churches, the General Federation of Women's Clubs, the American Federation of Labor, the C. I. O. and the Farmers Union, The President exhibited annoyance when Mrs. Morrow spoke of "starvation in Europe". He referred to some "Europeans who didn't do anything for themselves, hut just sat around and waited for the birds to feed them". When she mentioned "our" promises to aid them after the conflict, he interrupted: "We didn't promise them anything!" "But," she reminded him, "President Roosevelt said" "Well," he snapped, "I didn't promise anything!" JOBS When the A. F. of L. SDokesman intervened to support Mrs. Morrow with his own findings and suggestions, the President conceded that there was a "job to 'be done in Europe." "It has two aspects," he continued. "We are getting different responses over there. Some are working with us and working hard. Others' are sitting hack. We are more inclined to help those who -help themselves." - ' He added that certain Scandinavian- neutrals had shown the greatest energy and initiative, whereas some of our former Allies were looking to the V. S. for everything The labor leader then suggested that (he neutrals were in a better position, psychologically and economically, to stage a comeback, in contrast to the peonies whose lands wore ravaged France. Belgium. Holland. Finally, the delegation urged that he organize an American Relief Mission like the A. R A. Herbert Hoover headed. Mr. Truman did not seem to relish that idea at all. although he may eventually embrace it. POLITICAL The cnronology of the controversy over large-scale American relief tc Europe shows why and how it has become invo!ved in partisan politics. In December Senator Kenneth Wherry of Nebraska. Republican whip, introduced a resolution proposing that a House-Senate committee of twelve members make an in-eenendent investigation of conditions in occupied and liberated areas Co-soonsors were oroininent Republicans and one Progressive Taft of Ohio. Hawkes of New Jersey, Cape- toric furt on the Raystown Is told in the Bedford "In'Uirer," of May 2. 1865: "ONE day last week a travelling map-agent purchased from Mrs. A. StlfPer, a very old lady residing here (Bedford), the historic flag which floated over the headquarters of the British commandant of Fort Bedford, before 'the Revolutionary war. He paid her $50. which she thought1 a very large sum, but is in reality only a trille of what it is worth. The flagMs a fine swci- men of silk manufacture in the days of King George II or III. Its history is as follows: When the Revolution broke out. a small garrison was sta- ' tioned at Fort Bedford, p the soldiers deserted to the Patriots, and the commissioned officers remaining loyal, beat a hasty exit. The comman-' dant's flag fell into the hands of Mr. Naugle, the father of Fred Naugle, Sr. After his death and the death of his wife, the flag became the property of. Mr Naugle's sister-in-( Continued on Pape 10) hart and Willis of Indiana, La Follette of Wisconsin. For statesmen setting out on a lilesaving mission, their preamble read like a political war cry. It declared that the "victors' policies" were producing starvation, and that the U. S. was an accessory to' this crime against humanity. They deplored that in the framing of the postwar program, Congress had been "ignored and bypassed". Ensuing debate disclosed that the Senators were upset over the harsh treatment accorded Germany by UNRRA, the army and the administration. They assailed Henry L. Morgenthau as one who sought the "destruction of Germany". Senator Hawkes hurriedly produced a letter from President Truman in which he said that it was administratively impossible to succor "even many innocent people in Germany who had little to do with the Nazi terror". PRESSURE Subsequently thirty-four Senators twenty-two Republicans and twelve Democrats, including loyal Administration men signed a Presidential petition for creation of the same kind of relief mission that Mrs. Morrow's delegation asks. Republican Whip Wherry was one of the principal round robiners, although his name is you-know-what at the White House. An anti-Truman explosion on this question was ignited on the Senate floor on January 29, 1946. The Republicans charged that the Administration wanted to "Morgenthau" the Germans. In view of the G. O. P.'s heavy role in these Congressional barrages, the President held back and fought back, as his retorts to Mrs. Morrow indicate. But the pressure grew too strong. At 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue and on Capitol Hill the mail bulged with Dathetic demands that we help feed Europe, if only to prevent anarchy and a breakdown of civilization. There were more letters on this subject than on wage-price disputes and the strikes. On February 7 the President produced his solution with what Secretary Anderson unhappily described as "Truman's dark loaf of bread". The Republicans do not believe that the President has yet realized or faced the magnitude of the problem, and will continue to exploit the issue. A FARMER'S DIARY By CALVIN A. BVERS FAMILIAR ODORS Along the steep side of an abandoned field, where the land was almost barren, I caught faintly, even in early-February, the odors of the white stem and bud of the Indian pipe. Poverty grass, moss and lichens were about the stones, and always this same white weed. I felt at home. The hills about my childhood haunts were just as barren. "Mountain land." we called it, and this same plant rmjtiUmjm "ounsneu. in I fc" - rTi- - memory I skip- ped lightly across those 0'3 "elds, k n e It j .ii down upon -oft moss ana collected all the Indian pipes my little hands would hold; crush the tender outside layer until my C. A. BYERS palms were grayish green. All afternoon as I roamed this rugged land my hands reeked with the pleasant odor, and if I were so fortunate as to slip up to bed that night without somebody insisting on that ever-present basin of hot water and home made soap, I would take this fine aroma of the fields along to bed on both hands and feet, and keep it secretly beneath the covers. Ditney grew wild in colonies IVJ WF M your birthday By STELLA SATURDAY, February 16-Born today, you are one of those naturally friendly nn:l gregarious touls whoso heart is as big as the world, Ycu aro a bint leader unii you seem to control your followers by lovs and affection, You just naturally onjoy your fellow- man and woman. our ideals are high and your sense of honor is strict. You seem to follow your mvn preachments for you will, no doubt, have a career winch is highly successful. You ari not one to neglect the money . end of a deal, either You, yourself, miiy not be built to deal with the money-changers but you firmly believe in having a partner whe is more than able to cope with the shrewdest bargainer' Ycu are sympathetic with the trials and tribulations of ethers, but you are quite impatient with any individual ' who lies dow n under trouble and doesn't t.ttempt to fight back: Being something of a fighter yourself, underneath the outer i friendly wrapping, you dislike seeing others givt up too easily. In fact, there is quite a little streak cf iron underneath that apparently easy-going exterior. You are fond of books and all the arts. You will want to follow one of the professions, rather than enter business, finance or merchandising. Making the arts pay is one of the talents with which you apparently have been bequeathed. To find what the stars have in store for tomorrow, select your birthday star and read the corresponding paragraph. Let your hirthday star be your daily guide. Sunday, February 17 AQUARIUS (Jan 21-Feb. 19) Use self control to handle problems tl.is morning. If you are tactful you can reduce all serious risks now. PISCES (Feb. 20-Mareh 21) If you must travel this morning, be careful and guard against any possible accident to your welfare. ARIES (March 22-April 20) Be careful this morning to handle all family problems with caution and with kindliness. Be sociable. TAURUS (April 21-May 21) Don't let trouble get you down ihis morning. Analyze yourself as well as your problems and you'll find a way out. GEMINI (May 22-June 22) B'.' sore ihat you don't run into some dissenting opinions, postpone traveling until afternoon if you can do so. CANCER (June 23-July 23) Don't let your own black moods color the moods of others today. Be cheerful and others will follow a good example. LEO (July 24-Aug. 23) Avoid risk-taking this morning. Control your emotions too, and don't let them run away with good, common sense. VIRGO (Aug. 24-Sept. 22) This is a good day for your efforts. Make sure that you think tl.ings over carefully Make future plans, too. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. SSI-Guard against any possible health upsets today. Side-step any possible arguments and you will make better progress, too. . SCORPIO (Oct. 24-Nov. 22) Avoid taking risks. Clear up details which have been hanging fire until now. See old friends in the evening. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23-Dcc. 22) See that you are clear-headed and can exert tact and wisdom in any domestic difficulties this morning. CAPRICORN (Dec. 23-Jan. 20) If you are cautious this morning, all things which you desire may be yours eventually so why not now? As early as the ninth century books were engraved in stone; ink was spread upon these forms and rough prints taken by hand from them. along the high ridge near our home. A neighbor's family brewed the dried leaves constantly. Every room in their low log home smelled of it. The children's clothes were saturated. All the neighborhood recognized the presence of even the least of this large-family by the ditney odor. One day last fall I drove by a colony of flowering plants and caught a scent that brought that Ditney neighbor distinctly to my mind. I stopped, some distance on, and came back to make sure. For the first time I actually saw in bloom the plant whose odor symbolized that household. Farmhouses have characteristic odors. In a kitchen where pine wood is burned, pleasing smoke of pine will permeate the rooms. Kitchen odors dom-. inate the average rural home the appetizing scent of parching corn", fresh sausage and sauer kraut, spice cake, steaming mince pie. Such scents arc seasonal. In spring the odors change to brewing sassafras, the smell of fleshy frying parsnips, of wilted, bleached young hearts of dandelion, the breakfast of country ham and eggs, white tender onions from the early garden. Then there is that special brand of tobacco Dad always smokes this smell spreads to all the family and wherever that same kind of cigar is smoked, the flavor reminds sjmeone of someone else. Wash in " 'on Merr v( It- Untml Bartley Crum Of Frisco Heads List As Successor To Ickes Uy DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON - The man who heads the list as Harold Ickes probable successor is Bartley Crum of San Francisco, who, like Ickes, is a liberal Republican, Crum was chairman of the committee of Independent Republicans for Franklin Roosevelt during the 1911 campaign, which, together with Senator Ball of Minnesota, pulled a lot of GOP ballots over to the Roosevelt-Truman ticket. During this campaign, Crum became a close friend of Democratic National Chairman Bob Hannegan who later offered him several jobs as a reward for his services. One was as a member of the federal communications commission, another was as a federal power commissioner. Crum however, turned them all down. At one time last summer when it looked as if Ickes was on his way out. Hannegan also suggested Crum as secretary of the interior. Crum's reply was: "You have too good a man in that job already." At present, Crum is in the Near East as a member of the American-British Committee on Palestine. A relative newcomer in politics, Crum first became prominent as an original member of the Willkie brain trust He was one of Willkie's chief far western strategists and campaign advisers, but, like Willkie, for some time had leaned toward Roosevelt. In facl, Crum was confident that, had Willkie lived, the former Republican candidate would have announced publicly for the late President. Finally, during the fall of 1944, Crum himself declared publicly for Roosevelt and helped organize the Independent Republican Committee for FDR. Note The far west long has wanted a westerner appointed a.s secretary of the interior. LAST OF THE MOHICANS On the morning that Harold Ickes resigned as secretary of the interior, his friend Henry Wallace, as u&ual, walked four miles to work. As he walked by the interior department, the secretary of commerce looked up and said: "The old curmudgeon is really going this time. Once there were 10 little Indians; now there's only one." Whereupon he continued walking to work the Last of the Mohicans. Note Henry Wallace was sworn into the original Roosevelt cabinet as secretary of agriculture just a few minutes after Ickes. As secretary of interior, Ickes preceded him, therefore had served in the cabinet longer than Wallaceup until yesterday. CONGRESSIONAL HUSBAND Believe it or not, but Harry Luce, shy, powerful publisher of Life, Time and Fortune, is going to be initiated into the ladies section of the the 78th club, an organization made up of the wives of sophomore congressmen who served their first term with the seventy-eighth congress. Luce happens to be the one man in America eligible for membership in this exclusive ladies' organization due to the fact that his wife, Clare Boothe Luce of Connecticut, came to Washington as a member of the seventy-eighth congress. No other man in the United States has this distinction. At first the ladies didn't think that Harry would want to join. However, since they, as the wives of sophomore congressmen, are members, they didn't see why the husband of a sophomore congress-woman shouldn't also join the 78th club. So Mrs. Joseph Farrington, attractive wife of the delegate from Hawaii and president of the club, wrote to Mr. Luce, suggesting that they would like to entertain him on any Wednesday. He replied in a charming note, saying that he would be glad to come to Washington on April 10. because, he said, "that is a Wednesday and also it's the congresswoman's birthday." So on April 10, the 78th club will celebrate Clare Luce's forty-third birthday and also initiate her husband into the club. FOUR MONTHS TOO LATE Only a few people know it, but President Truman could have saved himself and the nation about four months of economic headaches over wages and prices. Inside fact is that exactly the same plan he is now adopting, of putting both wages and prices under Chester Bowles, was urged on' Truman last October. At that time, John Snyder asked a small group ot brain-trusters to chart the future of the war production board, which "Cap" Krug, its then chairman, was anxious to dismantle altogether. The economic brain-trusters working under Bob Nathan recommended that the remains of WPB be joined with OPA under a single head, Chester Bowles. They pointed out that production and prices were correlated problems and ; must be handled together. They even proposed that Bob Hinckley, former under secretary of commerce and an A-l man, take over production problems under Bowles, while William Bait of WPB handle prices, also under Bowies. ' At that time, however, John Snyder wouldn't take Bowies, lie wanted none of him. Also, industry didn't like the idea of being under a man as forthright and uncompromising as Bowies. So Snyder turned the whole thing down. But today, after four months of inside bickering which has seriously affected the economic life of the nation, exactly the snme plan is being adopted. Bowies is taking over both prices, wages and production. Weeks of wrangling and national indecision could have been saved if Harry Truman had not listened to his old friend from the Missouri National Guard, John Snyder. CAPITAL CHAFF One reason for the current international food shortage is that Leo Crowley, when FEA boss, refused to heed the warning of Secretary of Agriculture Anderson last summer, when Anderson argued that FEA should help increase plantings of winter wheat, cereals and proteins in South America. The Soutli American crop was hit by drought, but it would have been considerably larger had Anderson's advice been heeded. . . , Senator Tommy Hart, the only admiral on the senate military affairs committee, recently asked committee members if there were a dictaphone in the walLs. He complained that the Washington Merry-Go-Round had quoted him all too accurately when, at a secret session, he defended the war department regarding demobilization. Chairman Elbert Thomas gave Hart the satisfaction of checking committee employes, each of whom was able to deny that he had talked with this columnist. . . . Representative Clare Hoffman .of Michigan, who considers himself an expert at anti-labor legislation, was miffed because he was not consulted in the writing of the harsh Case ball passed by the house last week. Down Memory Lane By OS FIGARD Continuing the history of .Blair county Part 56: The fourth issue in the history of Bellwood. The old Geil and Freed map of 1859 covering the area of Antis township, shows four churches in that district at that time. The Union church, near the present Salem church in Antis, a Methodist church "Mount Zion" at Charlottesville, a Presbyterian church at Tipton and a Baptist church at Bells Mills. The increase in population in the southern end of the township, which attended the coming of the railroad, made possible the erection of Logan township out of parts of Antis and Allegheny townships in 1830. -The official line between these townships was run in 1832. During the quarter of a century which followed, the tempo of life in that era increased. In the year 1863 the Tipton Presbyterian church established a branch of their church at Bells Mills near the cemetery. In 1867 a water operated woolen mill was erected about a mile northwest of the railroad near Bells Mills. Around this rhill were clustered a considerable number of homes. This woolen mill was known as the "Logan Valley Wooln Factory" and while it operated less than 10 years, it left its mark on the community by causing the old town to be located on tha northwest side of the railroad. The Logan Valley Mill was operated by Col. John Halfpenny, prominent in the Civil war. About the close of the Civil war, Rev. Lavvson founded the Bells Mills or Logan academy, which reached the zenith of its career under Professor Stewart in 1874. Bells Mills was definitely pushing ahead of other communities of the township, and on October 3, 1887, a petition was filed for the incorporation of Bells Mills to be known as Bellwood. Tho petition was granted February 9. 1888. In the year 1590 the town's population had reached a mark of 1.146. The first street lights of the town came in the year 1892 and the first telephone was installed in 1893. The first high school class was graduated in 1893. On August 1, !892, an ordinance was parsed for water. There was some Difficulty in piping the water from the north side to the south side of the town, hut ultimately the pipeline was erected to go over the railroad instead of ur.der the tracks. Pole beans should he planted in hills three feet apart each way. DAILY MEDITATION Tha Days Of Thy Youth Ecclesiastes 12:1-7. Man is to remember God from the days of childhood and, especially, in youth, when there are many temptations, he is to find him near and remember to serVe him not to forsake him.
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