The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 12, 1967 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, June 12, 1967
Page 3
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Blylheville (Ark.) Courier New - Monday, Junt U, 19(17 — Arab Debacle May Shake Up Kremlin By I.EON DENNEN | Foreign News Analyst Newspaper Enterprise Assn. UNITED NATIONS (NBA) The Russians gambled on Nasser and lost. Their diplomacy in the Middle East, which they bolstered for more than a decade with lavish military aid to Egypt and Syria, lies in shambles. Had Nasser succeeded in destroying Israel, Russia could have forced the U. S. Sixth Fleet out of the Mediterranean. Her influence in the Middle East would have been almost as predominant as it was ence when tsarist troops stood before Constantinople. The Security Council's unanimous call for a cease-fire without a troop withdrawal clause that would have endorsed Nasser's blockade of the Gulf of Aqaba was a recognition of the military facts of life. But the Arabs claim that they have been sold out by Russia. They agree with Red China's charge that the "Soviet revisionist clique once again revealed its ugly features as a betrayer of the Arab people." When former Soviet Premier Khruschev was forced by Pr 5- ident Kennedy to withdraw Russia's missiles from Cuba it was a foregone conclusion that sooner or later he would be removed from his jjob. The sever, est critics of his "reckless" policies were men who succeeded him in the Kremlin. Will Russia's serious setback in the Middle East result in the downfall of Communist party boss Leonid Brezhnev and Premier Kosygin? For the past several months a fierce struggle for power has sen raging In the Kremlin b«- veen the present rulers and he bureaucrats who support lexandr Shelepin, the former hief of police. The Middle Eastern fiasco could be as dis- strous for Brezhnev and Kosy- in as the Cuban fiasco was for (hrushchev. Whatever the fate of the Krem- n oligarchs, there is no doubt lat Nasser's days as Egypt's ictator are numbered. To be sure, Nasser's basic tal- New Canal Would Drain Suez Till B y RAY CROMLEY Wasington Correspondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WASHINGTON (NBA) Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser may have had economic as well as politico - military aims in mind in his closing of the Strait ef Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping — prelude to the Israeli - Arab war. Israel is understood to have had under active study the practicability of a 180-mile-long canal through the Negev and out through the Israel port'of Elath. Ships using this projected canal would go south to the Red Sea through the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba. This canal would be a major ' rival to the Suez Canal. As envisioned, it would be built deep enough and wide enough to take two-way passage of the large supertankers now being built for major American o i 1 concerns and the even larger tankers now on the drawing boards. The Suez Canal cannot handle these big tankers. Yet tankers provide more than three-fourths of the revenue of the Suez Canal. Loss of this income would he difficult for the Suez to overcome, despite the projected major increases in other shipping in the decade ahead. * * * Rebuilding the Suez Canal to take these supertankers and their successors would require from $1.5 billion to $2 billion dollars., Egypt, of course, does not have this kind of money. In. ternational money is tight currently and Egypt's credit is not good despite the currently high profits being reaped by the Suez Canal. If as a result of this war and Whatever agreement follows, Nasser were able to establish his right to blockade th&S,rait of Tiran he undoubtedly Nfiuld knock the concept of a Negev canal into a cocked The Negev canal would likely be dead even if Nasser shou! establish his "right" and the immediately agree to abandon that blockade for the time being. Not many would want to invest in a canal that could be closed whenever Nasser or his successors decided to take action at the Strait of Tiran. Some leading Israel engineers now believe the projected Negev canal would be economically feasible, though it requires 25 miles of tunneling through the Negev mountains and a total of 180 miles of canal building, 460 feet wide and deep enough to handle tankers with draft of 100 feet.or more. These engineers think the canal could be built in seven years. Some Israeli economists have calculated that the canal could pay for itself within 30 years. It should be noted that th huge oil tankers are now bein built without regard to plan for building a Negev c a n a Tanker economists figure it i cheaper to send these 1 a r g economical - to - operate boat around Africa's Cape of Goo Hope than to operate conven tional smaller tankers via th shorter Suez route. UNITED ARAS REPUBLIC ent Is an uncanny ability to keep himself in power, even after making woeful mistakes. He survived Egypt's defeat in 1956 but, in the view of Arab experts, he is not likely U survive his present defeat. Egypt's intellectuals and young army officers have long been disguntled with Nasser's autocratic rule. Several attempts have been made on his life in recent months. His army is seething with conspiracy. Nasser and his secret Committee of Free Officers succeeded in deposing King Farouk in 1952 because they were humiliated and infuriated by Egypt's defeat at the hands of the smaller Israeli force in 1948. Will the new generation of young officers and intellectuals permit him to remain in power after another humiliating defeat? One thing is certain: A new chapter is being written in the Middle East. Peace between Israel and the Arabs will not come easily. But for the first time in two decades the West, especially the United States, has an opportunity to engage in a wise and constructive diplomacy. The West's course is clear: 1. Together with Russia, it must affirm once and for all Israel's right to exist as an in. dependent state in the Middle I East. 2. The existing frontiers must be guaranteed by the West and by Russia, subject to revision only in the context of a final peace treaty. 3. The United States, Russia, Britain and France must affirm, in clearer language than proclaimed before Israel's right of passage through all international waterways, which, ought to include the Suez Ca.-',_. nal as well as the Gulf of Aqa- y _ ba. -'-...I, Today In History Today is Monday, June 12, the 163rd day of 1967. here are 202 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1630, John Win- tfown arrived at Salem, Mass., with the Massachusetts Colony charter. On this date: In 1776, a declaration of rights was adopted in Virginia. In 1838, the territory of Iowa was organized. In 1924, the Republican National Convention in Cleveland renominated President Calvin Coolidge. In 1940. Japanese planes bombed Chungking, China. In 1944, the Nazis launchec flying-bomb attacks againsi Britain. In 1963, the Mississippi Negr; civil rights leader, Medgar W Evers, was murdered in fron of his home in Jackson, Miss. Ten years ago—The Unitei States rejected a Soviet propos al for a four-power declaration renouncing the use of force in the Middle East. Five years ago—President Roberto Chiari of Panama arrived in Washington to discuss th Panama Canal treaty with President-John F. Kennedy. One year ago—After a long time out of public view, forme Soviet Premier Nikita S Khrushchev showed up at a Moscow palling place. From Our Large Selection Of Unusual Gifts JEWEL BOXES From 6.50 DREMEL ELECTRIC SHINE 29.95 SHIPMASTER $6.50 PIPE RACKS From $6 LONG HANDLE BRUSH $5 MANICURE SEO From $5 GRIFFIN SHINEMASTER $6 BRUSH SETS 2.95 TRAVEL ALARM 9.95 BATTERY OPERATE* PENCIL SHARPENER 5.95 MEN'S CHAIR VALET $20 ELECTRIC PUTTING PRACTICE 9.95 UTILITY KITS $7 NYLON CLOTHES BAGS $10 i Fim Apparel tor Mm and Boys MASON DAY

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