Santa Cruz Sentinel from Santa Cruz, California on January 25, 1942 · Page 1
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Santa Cruz Sentinel from Santa Cruz, California · Page 1

Santa Cruz, California
Issue Date:
Sunday, January 25, 1942
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Net Paid SUNDAY EDITION CIRCULATION More Than v 7000 Call Before 9 A. M. Morning edition subscribers are requested to telephone 3600 before 9 a. m., if they do not receive their paper. Service cannot be guaranteed after that tim CONTINUATION OF THE SANTA CRUZ SENTINEL AND THE SANTA CRUZ EVENING NEWS Established 1855 SANTA CRUZ, CALIFORNIA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 25, 1942 TWENTY PAGES 87th Year No. 22 War Today Pearl Harbor Inquiry Board Says )as by j be ky ey k, all 19, ry nd )0, tela To luy Sugar Builds- Up Shortage Admiral And General Derelict it it ft ir Japs Shelling MacArthur's Baton Force en tie !or ie he 10. ;i) '11- el ge . ut on ty. Peru-Uruguay Break With Axis Powers Rio de Janeiro, Jan, 24 (IP). The western hemisphere anti-Axis line-up stood tonight: At war: United States, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Salvador. Broken diplomatic relations: Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. Uruguay and Peru severed diplomatic relations tonight with Germany, Italy and Japan, putting into swift and dramatic effect terms of a compromise anti-Axis agreement reached by all the western hemisphere republics at the Pan-American conference here. The action of the Montevideo and Army And Navy Commanders At Island Base Said To Have Ignored Ample War Warning Washington, Jan. 24 (AP)- -A presidential board of inquiry today attributed the success of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor primarily to "dereliction of duty" on the part of Lieutenant General Walter C. Short and Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, the commanding officer of the army and navy in that area. They had been adequately informed from Washington that war was imminent, it found. They had been warned to prepare against an air raid. They failed to confer upon the warnings and the measures to be taken under them. They refused to believe an air attack possible. Consequently the Japanese raid was a "complete surprise." One result of their lack of collaboration, the board said, was that Short believed the navy was operating reconnoitering flights far off shore, when it was not, and that Kimmel thought the army was operating devices which would detect the approach of planes, when these were actually in service only a few hours each day. But, while the board pinned major responsibility upon the two officers, it found numerous other contributing factors: , Effective Japanese espionage which could not be adequately countered under peace time conditions. Japan's disregard of international law in making the attack before declaring war. Emphasis in warning messages sent from Washington Storm Warnings Come As City Is i Hit By Hard Rain I With a rainfall of three and a half inches in the 48 hours which ended at 5 o'clock yesterday after noon, Santa Cruz is today in; a storm area which can be expected to bring more rain and wind, j , From the San Francisco weather bureau last night came the follow ing, with notation that it was for newspaper use but not for radio;, "The weather bureau ordered storm warnings up at 5:30 a. m. today (Saturday from tPoint Con-cepcion, Santa Barbara county, to the Oregon line. The bureau announced - that winds occasionally reached 50 miles an hour off shore Saturday morning." " Santa Cruz' heaviest precipitation was Friday, night and Saturday morning. i i Our seasonal total last night was 22.94 inches, as compared with a normal of 13.54 inches to this date. Last year's rainfall on January 24 however, was almost five inches greater than today's. 1 The San Lorenzo rose yesterday morning but its level began dropping after noon. All roads out of Santa Cruz were reported open last night. The most serious slide was one which just before noon covered one lane of the Los Gatos highway. Up the San Lorenzo valley only a few minor slides were reported. The Wat-sonville highway was unaffected. KIN IN PHILIPPINES Ward Wilbur, one of the well known fishermen on the wharf, has an uncle and aunt residing in the Philippine Islands and an uncle and aunt in the Hawaiian Islands. on sabotage and the possibility of a Japanese attack in the western Pacific rather than at Pearl Harbor, However, the blame was placed squarely upon Short and Kimmel, who in the opinion of the board "failed to make suitable dispositions to meet such an attack" and "failed properly to evaluate the seriousness of the situation," it added. "These errors of judgment were the effective causes for the success of the-attack." It noted, too, two striking incidents. A destroyer and an airplane teamed up'to'sink a small Japanese submarine just outside Pearl Harbor, 43 minutes By the Associated Press. United States destroyers sink at least two ships, damage others in night attack on convoy in Macassar straits. Dutch bombers, raiding ship concentration in same area, capsize transport and score direct hits on two more. U. S. and British flyers down seven Japanese bombers and at least four fighters In dogfight over Rangoon. Australian artillery blasts Japanese tank columns 67 miles from Singapore. Left flank of MacArthur's Philippine army shelled by naval guns; - Japanese hold beachheads on three Australian islands. British, Axis forces fan out for major battle in vast Libyan triangle. Russians pile up captured Nazi stores in continued advance. British warships capture 8,000-ton Italian freighter. Sir Stafford Cripps, returned from 18 months as British ambassador to Russia, sees Russian-Japanese war inevitable, says Soviet army of 9,-000,000 is confident of crushing Germans by winter of 1942. Australians Ask Help As Enemy Nears Melbourne, Australia, Jan. 24, (P) Australia, who has sent her sons to fight in Malaya, Libya and England, sent a second urgent appeal to London and Washington today for planes and ships and began mobilizing all able-bodied men for possibility of "the battle of Australia being fought right on our beaches." Australia's feverish preparations were begun as War Minister Fran cis M. Forde announced Japanese forces had landed at Rabaul, New Britain, at Kieta, on Bougainville, in the Solomon islands, and had gained several footholds in New Guinea. This string of islands is 300 to 900 miles northeast of Australia. (A London reception of a Tokyo broadcast of Imperial headquar ters announcements said Japanese forces landed at dawn Saturday near Rabaul, and also at Kavieng, New Ireland, to the north of New Britain, but made no mention of activities at New Guinea or Bou gainville.) Forde announced home defense units were being mustered immediately throughout Australia and the drafting of married men under the age of 35 and unmarried men under 45 was being accelerated. "Immediate action must be taken to place every unit on a war footing at this time when the safety of the nation is paramount," he declared. "Individual Australians who are prepared for strong action will get it." Even aliens and refugees will be required to volunteer within two weeks or be drafted under forthcoming regulations, it was said. ("Should Japanese aggression come to this country, Australia will duplicate the British policy of "every village a strong point, every town a fortress, and every man, woman and child a soldier," Prime Minister John Curtin .declared in a broadcast heard by CBS in New York.) The draft of a second urgent message to President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill was sent following a review of the situation by the war cabinet and chiefs of staff of the military service who were said to have presented detailed requests for specific military equipment, particularly bombers, fighter planes and naval units. Rationing May Limit Us To Pound A Week Washington, Jan. 24 (AP) Government rationing of sugar, it was announced tonight, will begin early next month with each person limited to about a pound a week, Announcing the program, Price Administrator Leon Henderson said it was proposed, too, to recover excess stocks from persons who have hoarded supplies. ' The prospective allowance of one pound per person a week compares with average per capita home corj.umption of about Vz pounds a week in 1941. Henderson said there was an actual shortage of about one-third in the sugar supply, and that this, rather than hoarding, necessitated this first foodstuff rationing of this war. Rationing Books Rationing books have been designed and printing of them will be . started in a day or two, he said. Then, in a direct word of warning to hoarders, Henderson asserted: "Those who have stocks on hand are advised to start using them now. "Consumers who are in pos session of abnormally large stocks of sugar are warned that they will not be permitted to gain an advantage from their supposed foresight." He did not amplify on this state- mt, but OPA officials stressed it one of the most important in th We rationing announcement. Ac- ti lm against hoarders will be an wrtant part of the rationing protram, they said. . "1 1e most important reason for rationing sugar," Henderson declared, ''is to insure that all the customed are treated equitably. There wil; be enough sugar for each I person nex, year to supply all basic dietary neds. Until the formal rationing system is instituted, ery user of sugar can help the government by restricting his pur chases of sugar to minimum cur-J rent requirements. Retailers during this period in many cases may be expected to restrict the amount of sugar which can he purchased by any one consumer." Reduce Consumption While rationing to householders will he on the basis of about one pound a week per person, it is expected that arrangements will be made so that housewives can buy large quantities at longer intervals. The overall goal is to reduce consumption from an average of 74 pounds per capita in 1941 to 50 pounds in 1942. Henderson said the best available information on United States simar supplies, expected in 1942 indicated that the total would be about 5,300.000 short tons, compared with 7.939,000 in 1941. The RFC recently purchased Cuba's entire sugar crop, but Henderson explained this supply would be materiaHy reduced because of shipments to our allies. Further, a large amount of the Cuban sugar will be used in production of alcohol for war needs. Normally, this Country imports nearly 2.000,000 tons, a year from the Philippines and Hawaii. This year, it is expected, the entire Philippine supply will be cut off and imports from Hawaii halved. Mrs. V. R. Varland, after a visit, has returned to Minneapolis, Minn. Who's Doipg What All Over Washington, Jan. 24 (P) Fighting in the Philippines apparently reached an extremely critical phase today with Japanese warships off the China sea coast of Batan peninsula shelling General Douglas MacArthur's weary and battered fighting men and fresh enemy troops pushing them back at a number of points. Under cover of the warships' the Japanese were landing additional troops on the western coast of Batan in an attempt to roll back the American-Filipino left flank and perhaps also to infiltrate behind the defenders' main line. Despite this obviously perilous situation, MacArthur found time to forward the war department advices of Japanese atrocities against prisoners, reporting specifically a Filipino had been found with his hands bound and. his body bayo-netted. This, it was noted, was a flagrant violation of international agreements to which Japan is a party concerning treatment of prison ers. The war department added: "However foully the enemy may act, the general states that he will abide by decent concepts of humanity and civilization." Heavy losses on both sides were reported by the war department in summing up the situation. And, it added, although fatigued from constant fighting, American and Filipino soldiers continued a stub born resistance and, , by fierce counter attacks ' had recaptured some of their lost positions. But the enemy held "to some points won from the defenders, and its numerical superiority was constantly increasing. Reinforcements were landing at Subic bay, close by MacArthur's left flank, where, the army said, the Japanese attacks were heaviest. All in all, the communique aroused grave apprehension here as to how long MacArthur's men might be able to continue their resistance. State Guard Bill Cuts Companies To 35 Men Each Los Angeles, Jan. 24 (If) Adjutant Gen. 'Joseph Donovan said today "it's going to be a rather hard job to put the terms" of the new California state guard bill into effect. He pointed out, for example, a restriction on finance and quartermaster officers for the guard. The bill, he said, provides that no one can hold these offices unless he has commanded troops in a combatant service. Since all companies must be re duced to 35 men each, Gen. Donovan declared a hardship will be worked where many companies have 95 men on active guard duty. Sacramento, Jan. 24 (P) The adjutant general's office said today the entire state guard may have to be re-enlisted to comply with pro visions of the guard reorganization bill passed by the special session of the legislature three days ago. AUTHOR IS SUICIDE Los Angeles, Jan. 24 W) John Barton Browne, 55, author, play wright and for 21 years advertising and business promotion manager for the Ambassador hotel here, was found shot to death in his home today, a pistol clutched in one hand. ft ft ft "before the attack. It was reported to the chief of staff at the naval base. , No .additional alert orders . were issued. Listeners Turned Off The army's aircraft detectors were operated four hours daily, from 4 to 7 a. m. On the morning of the attack, they shut down as usual at 7, 45 minutes before the Jap airplanes struck. At one of them a non-commissioned officer, learning to use the devices, was given permission to continue operating. At 7:02 he discovered what appeared to be a large flight of planes northeast of Oahu, about 130 miles distant. At 7:20 he reported his discovery to an inexperienced lieutenant. The latter, knowing that cer- , tain American planes might be in the vicinity, assumed the planes shown by the detector to be American planes and took no further action. The planes were tracked towards the island and then lost. The board whlchonducted the inquiry was headed by Associate Justice Owen J. Roberts, on leave from the supreme court. Its other members were Admirals William H. Standley and J. M. Reeves, both retired. Major Gen. Frank R. McCoy, retired, and Brig. Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, an active air corps officer. , Relieved of Command The two officers in question, Short and Kimmel, were relieved of their commands ten days after the attack. What is now in store for them was a matter 6f conjecture. Under navy and army regulations, they may bo dismissed by the president for "dereliction of duty," in which event they have (Continued on Page 2, Column 6) ed by the commission's revelation that although a Japanese submarine was sunk off Pearl Harbor more than an hour before the raid, no general alarm was sounded. Besides verifying many rumors that had been afloat here persistently since the .attack, the report brought out many facts which had not even been whispered outside high official circles. The most common UNOFFICIAL reaction could bo summed up in this way: "It's a good thing. It will clear the air and clear the decks for the hard job ahead. The report contains a lesson for all. It will make the entire Hawaiian area more alert from 'now on." One unofficial criticism of the report expressed by numerous persons was that it failed to tell what happened that morning at Pearl Harbor. ft 4 Color Movie To Be Filmed In Santa Cruz Hills An eight-man technical crew from Paramount studios, headed by Director George Marshall, will leave Hollywood tomorrow for Santa Cruz to look over forested areas in the Santa Cruz mountains for scenes in "The Forest Rangers," a techni-color film adapted from the Thelma Strabel novel. In a telegram to the Sentinel-News, George Brown, publicity, director of Paramount studios, stated that the film ., crew will meet with Supervisor Guerdon Ellis of Tahoe National Forest, who has been designated by the United States Forest Service to act as technical advisor. Later, stars of the picture, Paulctte Goddard, Fred Mac-Murray and Susan Hayward, accompanied by a large supporting cast, will spend several weeks here during the filming of the picture. To Peg Gasoline At Nov. 7 Price Washington, Jan. 24 (IP) The government will fix the price of gasoline and other refined petroleum products soon, the office .of price administration said today, at levels prevailing last November 7. Crude oil price ceilings will be issued, at levels prevailing last October 1. California POSTS HIS BOND Los Angeles, Jan. 24 (IP) Hat-suji Hazemoto, a Japanese truck farmer at nearby Puente, told sheriff's deputies today that he had posted a $100 "peace bond" with three men Thursday to keep from- being interned at Terminal island. They gave him a receipt signed "Inspector Blake." Sheriff's deputies are looking for the men. , . FATAL COLLISION Redding, Jan. 24 (P) An automobile-truck collision killed R. E. Roberts, 59, shift boss for the Hornet mine, and injured three other persons today. LIONS DECRY POLITICS Fresno, Jan. 24. (yp) Lions clubs of California and Nevada concluded their mid-winter conference here tonight with strongly worded resolutions demanding an end be put to politics in civilian defense. RUSH TO NAVY San Francisco, Jan. 24 (A') United States navy enlistments since the attack on Pearl Harbor have reached a ratio of 30 to 1 of the casualties and prompted a navy request tonight that newly enlisted men and those planning to enlist remain on their jobs, or in school, until accepted. QUAKE NEAR SAN DIEGO San Diego, Jan. 24 (P) A 45- second earthquake shock was recorded southeast of 'San Diego at 1:41 p. m. today on the seismograph of Fred Robinson, amateur seistno- graphcr. The temblor was not felt in San Diego. EMBEZZLER SENTENCED San Francisco, Jan. 25 (UP) Federal Judge A. F. St. Sure today sentenced John Eastman, Oakland, former assistant trust officer of the Crocker First National bank of San Francisco, to 10 years in prison and $10,000 fine on two counts of embezzling funds of bank patrons. The amount stolen totaled $60,000. COW COLLEGE Berkeley, Jan. 24 (UP) A herd of 30 cows escaped today from animal husbandry department pens at University of California and wandered over Berkeley streets and lawns for two hours before they were rounded up. PRODUCTION POOL San Francisco, Jan, 24 (UP) Formation of Defense Manufacturing Pool, Inc., a war production defense pool comprised of thirteen Marili, Sonoma and Napa county firms, was announced today by Colonel F. M. Smith, director of the production division of the war production board here. Jehovah's Witness Denied Crypt lii Private Estate San Diego, Jan. 24 (P) Jeho vah's Witnesses today were denied permission to bury their world leader, Judge Joseph Franklin Rutherford, 72, in a hillside crypt at "Beth Sarim," his west coast estate. The county planning commission rejected the religious organization's request to bury Rutherford in accordance with his last wish on the estate he held "in trust" for Biblical leaders. He expected to be resurrected. Schools On Oahu To Reopen Feb. 2 Honolulu, Jan. 24 (P) All public schools on Oahu island will reopen February 2, the office of Lieut. General Delos C. Emmons, Hawaii military governor, announced today. The schools were closed after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and Honolulu, on Oahu island, December 7. 9th Grader Held As Extortioner Salt Lake City, Jan. 24 (,T) A 17-ycar-old ninth grade student today was held by federal officials who accused him of sending threat ening letters td Linda Darnell starlet. At the county jail, Oren William Haws told reporters he didn't want to harm the young actress, he just wanted her autograph. Lima governments was announced shortly before Sumner Welles, U. S. undersecretary of state, told the conference that "we have already met with the utmost measure of success in attaining the objectives we sought." Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and Par aguay are expected to follow the lead of Uruguay and Peru and ob servers here were predicting that by the end of next week Argentina and Chile would be the only western hemisphere countries maintaining diplomatic tics with the Axis powers. Argentina, whose insistence re sulted in the week end compromise' solution for a diplomatic rupture with the Axis further emphasized her individualistic stand today by announcing she would flatly refuse to accord non-belligerent status to any of the United Nations except the United States. FILIPINOS WANT FARMS San Francisco, Jan. 24 (A') Filipino agricultural workers asked authorities today to amend California's alien land law to permit them to lease California lands for raising crops. RIDE BICYCLES San Diego, Jan. 24 (IP) The bicycle may come as a major form of transportation for San Diego's municipal employes. Sam Roberts, city budget officer, said automo bile mileage allowances were being slashed. RECORD GAS SALES Sacramento, Jan. 24. California motorists used more than two billion gallons of taxable gasoline in 1941 to establish a new annual record, it was reported today by the state board of equalization. A total of 2,122,039,177 gallons of taxable gasoline was distributed during the 12-month period. On this basis the board assessed a tax amounting to $63,661,175. DICK KOK WEDS San Francisco, Jan. 24 (A') Dick Cornelius Kok, wealthy president of the United Products company of San Jose, and Mrs. Dorothy Heller of San Francisco were married at Reno, friends were informed today. BLOOD BANK San Diego, Jan. 24 (A') A $300 investment at the U. S. naval hospital has been assured a $100,000 return in a reservoir of liquid blood plasma, essential that American defenders may live to carry on the struggle against the Axis. Established two days after the Pearl Harbor attack, i the blood bank, second largest in the U. S., will rise in valuation to $100,000 by late May when it reaches 2000 plasma units. FARM INCOME San Francisco, Jan. 24 (A') The cash income of California farmers last year totalled $878,000,000, Donald L. Kiefer, Pacific Rural Press market analyst, reported today. The income represented an average of more than $6700 for each farmer. WAGE INCREASE San Diego, Cal., Jan. 24 (A3) Ryan Aeronautical company tonight announced a blanket wage increase of 10 cents an hour for all production employes. SHOOTS JAPS DOWN San Diego, Jan. 24 (A) Edmund F. Overend, a former U. S. ma rine flyer now fighting in an American volunteer squadron in the Far East, telegraphed friends tonight he shot down three Japanese bombers Friday in action over Rangoon, Burma. IIETCII IIETCIIY Washington, Jan. 24 (UP) The City of San Francisco has not exhausted all possibilities for getting HetchHetchy power over noncommercial distribution lines, Benjamin W. Thoron, chief of the interior department's bureau of marketing and operations, told the house public lands committee today. Thoron appeared in opposition to legislation to permit continued distribution of HetchHetchy power in San Francisco over lines of the P. G. & E. MORE GAS San Francisco, Jan. 24 (UP) The California Railroad Commission today authorized Pacific Gas and Electric company to obtain natural gas from newly-developed Helm and Raisin City oil fields to serve 35,000 consumers in the San Joaquin valley. CARE FOR EVACUEES San Francisco, Jan. 24 (UP). Jack H. Helms, acting regional director of the office of civilian defense, announced today that in the future the American Red Cross would take care of evacuees debarking at Pacific coast ports from U. S. territories and possessions. Other organizations would be used when considered necessary. QUIT HITTING TRAINS Los Angeles Jan. 24 (UP) Union Pacific railroad wants people to stop running into its trains. It sued asking $196 from George St. Clair and Albert Duarte as result of an accident Dec. 25 when a car owned by St. Clair and driven by Duarte struck and derailed a freight at the town of Walnut. AVIATOR'S FUNERAL San Bruno, Jan. 24 (Military services for Second Lieut. Frederick J. Dittman, 22-year-old army aviator killed January 16 in the Carole Lombard plane crash near Las Vegas, Nev., will be held here Monday. He was a native of Santa Rosa. CIVILIAN MORALE San Diego, Jan. 24 (California chamber of commerce managers tonight called upon west coast recreational areas for expanded amusement programs as an aid to wartime civilian morale. Del Monte was chosen for the association's 1943 convention city. CASH FOR DEFENSE Sacramento, Jan. 24 (Appropriations voted by the California legislature will provide "most liberally" for every national defense service requested of the state by the war department, Assembly Speaker Gordon Garland said Honolulu Amazed At Disclosures In Official Report On Japanese Attack New . Paid 'in -Advance Effective February 22 .Subscriptions may be paid in advance at the present rates between now and February 22. Special Paid-In-Advance Rates 3Months 6Months 1 Year $2.10 $3.75 $7.00 Honolulu, Jan. 24 (A?) Honolulu was astonished by Associate Justice Owen J. Roberts special com mission's report, which was even stronger than some of the wildest "rumors" concerning reasons why the Japanese caught Oahu flat-footed in the Dec. 7 raid. Both Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and .Lieut. t Gen. Walter C. Short, whom the commission accused of "dereliction of duty" in failing to make specific preparations for the attack, left Honolulu some time ago and there was no official comment here on the report. Intensely interested service men and civilians bought out newspaper extras by the thousands. It was like hearing "that other shoe" drop to the floor in the room after the long, anxious wait since Kimmel and Short were relieved of their commands. Particular amazement was caus Santa Cruz entinel-News Evening or Morning Edition

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