Page Fourteen - Blytheville (Ark.) Courier Newg - Frlfoy, JUM », 1MT __ New Draft Proposals Taking Shape EDITOR'S NOTE—Scores of proposed changes in the nation's military draft law have been bandied about in recent months. Now congressional negotiators have reached agreement on a proposed new law expected to win final approval soon. Here, in question and answer form, are details of how (he proposed plan would work. By ROBERT A. HUNT WASHINGTON (AP)-The proposed new military draft law Congress is whipping into shape makes it easier for college students to win deferment. And it permits President Johnson to go ahead with his announced plan to put 19-year- olds at the top of the available manpower pool. The present procedure drafts men in inverse order of age from 25-year-olds on down, but Vietnam war demands have brought the age of inductees down to 19 or 20 in many draft board districts already. The proposed new law, approved this week by Senate and House conferees, would go into effect for four years starting July 1. . It also provides for a speed-up In setting appeals from local draft board decisions, preserves the virtual autonomy of local draft boards and prohibits the President from changing the present selection system , without another law. Johnson had proposed a national lottery plan of random selection. College students who now must make a case before their local draft board to obtain a deferment—and then stay in the top half of their class to keep the deferment—hereafter would be deferred as a matter of legal right if thy request. And they wouldn't have to maintain a hig h scholastic standing. They would have to keep up with their classes and meet the academic and other standards of their school. Here are some of the questions most often asked about the proposed new law and the answers as supplied by congressional draft experts: Q. Does it make any changes in the present priority categories for induction? A. No. These priorities are determined by local draft boards under presidential regulations. The President has said top priority for Induction will be the 19-year-old group, preceded by students whose temporary deferments have expired. Top priority now ar the 25-year- ods. Q. When would the 19-year-old priority go into effect? A. Whenever the President orders it. He could change his mind, but Congress has expressed its favor for taking the younger men first. Q. Why the emphasis on 19- year-olds? , A. Combat commanders generally prefer htat most of their new recruits be in the younger age brackets, saying they are more adaptable to training. Problems associated with family dependency are less frequent at such ages. Q. What are the chances of being drafted at age 19? A. Statistics show that about two of every seven persons now eligible for induction actually are drafted. The Pentagon expects to meet all of its monthly draft requirements from the 19- year-old griup and from students whose deferments have ended. An estimated two million males reach age 19 annual- 'Hot Line' Used To Limit War . Q. If a young man isn't drafted at age 19, what are the prospects for being inducted later? A. If he gets past 19 and world conditions don't get worse, his chances of not being inducted are very good. A new crop of 19- year-olds will go into the eligibility pool ahead of him. Q. Would 19-year-old fathers or husbands be deferred? A. Not automaticaly. Their local draft boards could defer them if extreme hardship would result from induction. Q. What basic change would the new law make? A. The major change affects students. The proposed new law would require draft boards to grant deferments upon request for undergraduate students pursuing fulltime courses and meeting their schools' academic and other requirements. The deferment would be a matter of right. The old law left it to the discretion of draft boards and conditioned the deferment on the registrant emaining in the upper half of his class. Satisfactory scholastic standing, rather than high standing, is the new condition. Q. How long would the deferment last? A. It would end when the student completed his undergraduate work, left school or reached age 24, whichever By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON, (AP)-President Johnson. and Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin made unprecedented efforts—even using the fabled "hot line"—to try to limit the Middle East crisis and bring the fighting ta a quick end. For the first time a U.S. President and a Soviet premier exchanged messages over the hot line opened between Moscow and Washington four yars ago following their confrontation in the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. Kosygin sent the first Mideast message to the President early Monday after Israeli and Arab armies clashed, the White House disclosed Thursday. The Soviet premier, it was learned, suggested the world's two great powers should work together in the interest of peace. It is undeistood his message affirmed what he said in an earlier note to the President did not want war in the Middle East. Johnson replied to Kosygin the same day, also using the hot line, White House press officer George Christian reported. He did not disclose the content of the President's response but it reportedly welcomed Kosygin's interest in limiting the war and bringing it ta a quick conclusion. This has been the first major Middle East crisis in which both the United States and the Soviet Union have been involved and both played key roles. No one here now disputes that the Soviet Union has achieved the status of a Middle East power in years following the Arab- Israeli clash of 1956. Moscow's military assistance and advice now play a vital role in determining events in that explosive crossroads of world commerce. Another rounl of messages was exchanged Thursday after the President learned of an Israeli attack on the U.S. naval research ship Liberty off the Egyptian coast. The ship was damaged severely and planes of the 6th Fleet were ordered to the air at once. Knowing that Soviet radar immediately would pick up the takeoff of the aircraft—Soviet ships watch the U.S. fleet- Johnson messaged Kosygin over the hot line. The President reported the attack on the Liberty and alerted Kosygin to the scrambling of 6th Fleet planes so the premier would know they were going only to the stricken ship and were not bound for the War zone. Christian said Johnson received a reply but he did not disclose what it was. Use of the hot line, officials here agreed, helped keep the war isolated. It forestalled the standings between the White House and the Kremlin. And it apparently provided a basis for parallel action by the United States and the Soviet Union in the U.N. Security Council. Qualified U.S. officials said this did not necessarily mean Soviet-American cooperation in establishing peace in the Middle East. Essentially the United States was backing Israel and the Soviets were backing the Arabs. What Johnson and Kosygin apparently developed were parallel policies of noninvolvement in the conflict while both worked for a cease-fire in the Security Council. Beyond the exchanges which Christian specified, one or more message exchanges on U.N. resolutions calling for a cease-fire on all sides in the Middle East seems probable. Chen Corps: Israels Pretty Secret Weapon By PAUL KOHN TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) Trying to look as chic, as war in the desert will allow, Israel's shapely girl soldiers have been right behind the frontline troops in the Middle East war. "They call them 'chen' for 'charm,'" said Col. Stella Levi, comander of the women's corps. The girls made an invaluable contribution to the blitzkrieg in Sinai and the conquest of the Jordanian bulge west of the Jordan River — as secretaries, field nurses and radio and telephone operators. They also belong to fighting units, but serve only in auxiliary capacities. The Israeli girls were in the conquered areas of Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, and Jericho, Jordan, today. Most are 18 to 20 year olds doing their 20 months compulsory military service, although several thousand women reservists up to age 34 have been on active duty this week. "Look at that, they're our secret weapon in this war," said one air force sergeant pointing to three girls speeding along the runway at El Arish, Egypt, in an Egyptian Jeep. Col. Levy said in an interview that her officers did nothing to discourage the girls from showing feminine charm. "It raises morale," Col. Levy said. The "Amazons in uniform" image of (he Chen Corps it definitely out. In the age of the miniskirt, Col. Levy admitted she was lenient to girls who raised their i skirts a little above the knee j length required by regulations. "But we will not accept all the dictates of Carnaby Street," she added. "The Israeli girl is brought up from kindergarten age with a sense of equality. She attended coeducational schools. At the age of 18 the girls have reached the age of searching, and we give them guidance and perhaps a more mature outlook on life," said the Chen Corps comand- er. Jewish womanhood's role has been inspired by Biblical heroines, not least among them the prophetess-general Debora, Col. Levy pointed out. Col. Levy started her military career as a volunteer in the Auxillia^y Territorial Service of the British Army during World War II. Four thousand Palestinian girls volunteered then to serve in the western desert. A handful of them now are the top officers in the Chen Corps. Every Israeli girl who does not specifically declare herself Is be orthodox is enlisted. All receive the same five-week ba sic training — drills, first aid, automatic weapons. The girls of the Chen Corps serve in the army, navy, air force and paratroop commands. A few who especially volunteer are parachutists. After 20 months of service the girls remain in the reserves even if they are married. But once they have children they are discharged. Pilkinton Asks JJ for Co-operation LITTLE ROCK (AP)-James H. Pilkinton of Hope, last year's unsuccessful Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor, said Thursday that his cooperation with Jim Johnson, the party's unsuccessful gubernatorial candidate, had been to his own detriment. "I cooperated with him, and with party leaders, many times against my own better jjudg- ment and at a sacrifice to my best interests. . ." Pilkinton said in a prepared statement. "I did nothing to injure him or his chances to be elected," he said. "I put no stones in his path." * * * Pilkinton said all of the other nominees "and most of the leaders and party officials" also had cooperated with Johnson, and that he had refrained from publicizing "the many things"; on which he disagreed with) Johnson. "Now, many people are trying ta rebuild the Democratic! Party in Arkansas, and I believe we have the right to ask Jim Johnson to return the favor — to give us some of the same consideration, some of the same cooperation, that we gave to him in 1966," Pilkinton said. Pilkinton didn't say why he had released the statement. comes first. But if he became 24 in the middle of an academic year, he would be allowed to complete the year. tj. What would happen after a student completes his undergraduate work or becomes 24? A. He immediately returns to the pool of registrants most likely to be inducted and would remain in that status for one year. Q. Could such a student get another deferment? A. The new law says there shall be no further deferment except for extreme hardship. It would be up to his local draft board to decide whether he merits a hardship deferment. Being a husband or father would not give him an automatic deferment. Q. Does the proposed new student deferment procedure apply only to future students or does it affect those already in school? A. It would apply to all. Q. What woud happen to a student who becomes 24 before completing his four years of undergraduate work? A. He would be eligible for immediate induction. CHANGE MOSQUE'S FRONT CAIRO (AP) - The Turkish- designed front side of the 1,000 - year - old Azhar Mosque will be changed to the Fati- mide style, an announcement said. 'This change was essential to keep the homogeneity of the building," the announcement added. The Turkish style is castle- like and depends on high walls while Fatimide's buildings keep the walls low with Oriental dec- oratons atop. BRING THE KIDS! MINIATURE TRAIN RUNS EVERY SUNDAY AFTERNOON WALKER PARK, BLYTHEVILLE, ARK. Look cool, be cool. ..in Glacier Blue Viracle Suits by Hart Schaffner & Marx This new blue has the cool look of sky reflected in an Alpine lake. And an HS&M "Glacier Blue" Viracle suit is as cool as it looks. Viracle is a miracle blend of Dacron* polyester and finespun wool that rests eloud-light on your shoulders, shrugs off wrinkles and keeps its trim shape. Hart Schaffner & Marx tailors Viracle with the most experienced hand in the business. (HS&M made Ihe first Dacron/wool suit.) The look you buy is the look you keep. This spring and summer keep cool as you look. Come in and select your HS&M "Glacier Blue" Viracle suit today. The Area-wide Churches and the Mississippi County Union Mission Presents Area-Wide Inter-denominational TENT CRUSADE June 17-thru June 25 Services Stare at 8 p.m. -Featuring- Evangelist Walter Ayers Walter K. Ayers is om of America's most gifted svangellsts. Ex-heavyweight den gloves brcvinff champion. . .Ex all-state fullback at Arkansas State Teachers College ... Ex Kazorback football player ... Chosen by the National Champion Arkansas Razorback loot- ball team as Chaplain. Coach Frank Broyles says Walter has a gripping message for everyone." He now serves as staff evangelist of First Baptist Church of Little Rock. Kyle Lollor, Choir Director And In Charge of Song Service Neal and Margaret Suddard, the accomplished musicians of nationwide fame will present their full evening musical program with their brief messages and many scripture references. God is using Neal and Margaret to thrill, inspire and challenge many lives, and to lead many to a personal faith and surrender to Jesus Christ. You will be inspired by their stirring messages. Schedule For Each Service: 7:30—15 Minute Concert by The Suddards 7:45—Choir Practice 8:00—Service The Big Tent Seats Over 2,000 At Franklin & Walnut Sts. Sponsored By The Area-Wide Churches and Mississippi County Union Mission •i .««..
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