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TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1939 .LE, I BLYTHEVILLE, I ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THKKfc Calton Says Administration Circling Back To Processing Tax Idea United States Split in Two Camps Over Thanksgiving Day 1939 NOVEMBER 1939 By BRUCE CATTON Courier News Washington Correspondeut WASHINGTON, Nov.' 20.—The latest effort to solve the farm problem finds the administration circling back to Hie famous processing lax Idea, which was embodied in the original Agricultural Adjustment Act, and which went out the window when tlie Supreme Court killed that act. in 1930. The court killed the first AAA not because it objected to tin processing tux, but because it fell that tlie tax was being used foi an unlawful end— viz., the regula lion of crcp production. The plan which Secretary Hcnrj Wallace is now formulating %voul< hotevrtt'"^.^^ The country Is evenly divided in two "warring'' .acuon^ov fr:m under an annual expense of around a quarter of a billion dollars and would provide a method of financing parity payments to growers of wheat, rice and cotkn. CONGRESS HOLDS 1'UltSE STRINGS Parity payments now come directly oul of the federal treasury. The Agriculture Department, for instance, may decide that the cotton grower needs n payment, of two cents a p:nnd on his production in order to bring the net price he SCHOOLNEWS observance of Thanksgiving Day ear. Half the states refused to follow President Roosevelt, who called for observance of the day 3, Instead of Nov. 30, which would be the traditional No 1 Have Honk ri'sllval A book festival planned and arranged by Miss Allil Onrlhittlon's students In the fourth gindo of Central school was ulveii Friday ns n climax to national book week. 'An exhibit hi which nil grades, except the jirst, participated whs placed In the hall In order thut 1 guests might see the work no by Ihe students dnrlnu he week. An original play written id presented by [omth grade udeiits In assembly thnt morn- ig o]M>ned the festival. More thnn 00 guests registered n the uucst book during Ihe dnj ml recorded llielr favorite buokb s children. tin; exhibits wns a hciinoincter which recorded the ending temperature- ot fourlh grade :hl!drt'ii listing books that, should >c read at the olher various gnulo Qvcls. A map of Ihe world also ecordwl the selthiKs for the var- otis books the students had read. A book hospital demonstrating equipment necessary to llx bcoks ind ulso showing books that had jcen done over wns one i)f the interesting exhibits. Also arranged for Inspection were the readers date. Two states split the dlllerence and wl oUserve both days, Here's how they divide. gets up to "parity." But Congress cnn always throw a last-minute wrench into the proceedings by refusing to appropriate the money for those payments. It almcst did so last winter; and the item of $200,000,000-odd which finally went into the agricultural appropriation bill for that purpose was largely responsible for shooting that bill up . above the budget estimates. Under the scheme iKiv taking shape, the grower would get his money in just the same way — but the money wouldn't come from the treasury. What he would get, originally would be a certificate, entitling him to collect liis parity payment TWO METHODS OF FIXING PAYMENT This, in turn, cculd be figurd in one of two v,ays; it could bs straight payment on his entire production, up to a miximum set by his farm's average yield over a period of -years, or it c;uld be an equivalent payment at a higher rateipcr pound based on that per-- cental* or his production which the Agriculture-Department deemed needed for the domestic market. In either case, it would figure out k< a total sufficient to boost his receipts for his crop to parity. And the money with which he ^ could turn his certificate into cash Note to Bourbon drinkers: YOU'LL LIKE CALVERT! voutd come from the processor vho bought the cotton. In substance, the processor would pay a tax of so much per pound in cotton bought for his mill; he vould net pay Ills tax into the .reasury, but would handle it either hrough n pool or through the banks. WOULD LEAVE U. S. IN CLEAR The result would be that tlie transaction would not show up en the treasury books at all. The Department of Agriculture would carry on with its soil conservation pr:- gratn. which runs to half a billion dollars tills year, and presumably with its surplus commodities program, which is standing it close to $200,000.000; but the parity prcgram would be self-financing. And since this particular processing tax would not act as a brake on production, but would be designed simply to raise the grower's price, the,, department figures would get by the Supreme court The department figures that thi tax uculd not mean much of : rise in price for the consumer ii the cose of wheat and cotton recessing costs, say the departmen ^perts, are the big item in "cotto: oods and flour. They are daibtful, howevei lat the stunt could be applied ti vestock; there, they say, a process lax .could and would be passed If you are a bourbon drinker, just try this: Next time — say Calvert! We believe you'll find, as millions of open-minded men have, that Calvert is smoother . . . milder, more mellow . . . better tasting . .. because it's master blended. CLEAR HEADS [CLEAR-HEADED BUYERS] CALL FOR AMERICA'S FIRST CHOICE WHISKEY illonilcd JFIiiskcy — Calvert "Kcscn-c" RIEHDF.D trillSKF.r—90 Fmif — 65% Grain Nailml Spirits. Cah-cn "Special" nr.&wED R-HISKEY — 90 Proof — 72Vi% Grain Neutral Spirits. Conr. 1039 Cnktrl Distillers Corp., Ncia York Cily. Irecll;' on the consumer. One tiling that- makes the <le- irtment look fondly on tlie In:me certificate plan Is the fact mt it is an alternative to the oton loan program, which hasn't •orkcd so well. Since cotton is an export crop, oans en cotton must be olfset by n export subsidy. With llio Inome certificate plan,' it Is user ted, the export subsidy would lot be necessary—nor would the ;ovcrmncnt presently find Itself, is Is now the case, with some .0,000.000 bales of l:an cotton on Is liands. Berlin has one beerhouse and one telephone to every" 271 of Its residents. lie! (lie second MI Mother Goose. Wlnneis in Iho poster contests ollow: Fifth and sixth grade group; Chester Cnldwell mill Harry Kuvr, led for liist; James Vest, second; Sally Lou Cfivfisheo, third, . Third crndc: Wyim nrndy, llrst; Ann Wood, second; lilllle Marie Miller, third. Second grade: Roger Lum, first; 'Keen Morris, second; Hurry Frlt- zltw, third, >i Other display: Chester'Caldwell, first with '- "Tom Sawyer"; J n mcs ' Vcs t, second , with h Is " Rob • Hood"; Sally Cavashee, third, with lier "Ploneer- : Life". • »<>•• • •••• These Cops Make Sure SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (UP) — When a night club repeatedly vlo lated the closing law, a squad ca was dispatched there .nightly. A policeman toured Ihe building, chased oul all customers and locked the doors. The,.kcy was brought to the police station, where the proprietor would 'pick It up the next day. which the group had read, (hose they were rending and others yet to 'be reiul. Nearby were books borrowed from the county and public library. The sixth grade exhibit was based on children's classics, Ihe fifth on children of this land, the fourth on children of other lands, the third on animals In Inoklund ATTENTION OLD CAR OWNERS of Southeast Missouri and Northeast Arkansas I'loler your old'.lal'opy in the Amerinm Legion's Kci'nnrt Old Car Derby, to bo held Thursday, Thanksgiving Day, November Mill at the [''airgruumls, Hlythevillt', Ark. ?iar>.(10 Purse 5511.00 Cash 1'rb.es All main's cars of I Ml model or older eligible. All cars must lit' on Ground by 12:30 p.m. Nov. :!() for Inspection. Entries closed as of noon November 25lh. Write, wire or plume Don Edwards, Blylheville, Ark. PRESCRIPTIONS Freshest Stock Guaranteed Best Pricw Kirby Drue Stores FARMERS ftUCTIOH SALE ' EVERY THURSDAY—RAIN OR SHINE THANKSGIVING DAYS AND ALL EVERYTHING SOLD AT AUCTION IN'OPEN SALIi FEEDER PIGS AND CATTLE A SPECIALTY. SALES START AT 10:00 A. M. Parn at J. I. C. S E. R.R. and HIGHWAY 18 Blytheville Approves Simmons Products New BEAUTYREST What Happens To A Farm In Winter Time? Even in the so-called "on" season" there's plenty happening on the progressive farms of this section. Equipment is overhauled, winter crops are planted to conserve and rebuild soil fertility, a thousand ami one tasks must be done to "keep things going" and to prepare for (he next growing season. Ask any farmer and he'll tell you that Farming is a Year- 'Round Business! Here at the First National we have developed a complete hanking service, especially suited to the year-'round needs of farmers in the Blyfheville territory. During the winter months we suggest that you take advantage of our checking account facilities, for convenience and time-saving economy in handling farm receipts and payments. Then next spring you'll find that 3'our banking connection has built up a valuable credit standing for you—and you'll be in position to deceive your crop production loan with a minimum of delay. Begin now "to enjoy the benefits of this complete, year-'round banking service. Open your Kirst National account, today! THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK IN BLYTHEVILLE "The Only National Bank in Mississippi County" MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION The people of this community have wholeheartedly emtorsed Simmons lienulyrust Mattress and other prod nets . . . this statement is proven by Simmons sales records showing that this store sold more of their products DEEPER (I in ing (he piisl 12 months (linn any other orgnni/iilion in Arkansas. Join iitir large group of boosters by gelling your new lieaulyrcsl totliiv. Truly (i miracle of keeping comfort. In designing the new lleiuilyrest, Simmons dirt, not jus I add more upholstery . . . the Heuu- lyrcst coils are now much deeper. The result is added sleep luxury and complete relaxation . . . yon awiil<e looking and feeling your liesl. Come in so that we ciin show you the many features of this famous new mattress. .. mi obligation, of course. When you lire here, we will tell you about (he Beauty rest 10-year guarantee . . . and the special terms which we arc offering so that most anyone can enjoy Ueaulyrcst sleep comfort. More Comfortable than ever 1 FURNITURE COMPANY Blytheville, Ark.