The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California on April 11, 1976 · Page 2
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The San Bernardino County Sun from San Bernardino, California · Page 2

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Sunday, April 11, 1976
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A-2 TH SUN-TELEGRAM Bill Bailey gone, but wife is 103 JACKSON, Mich. (AP) - The former wife of BILL BAILEY, immortalized in the tum-of-the-century song "Bill Bailey Won't You Please Come Home?" celebrated her 103rd birthday Fridav. SARAH WILLIAMS, who married Bailey in 1902 and divorced him several years after composer Hughie Cannon turned out the popular song, is In failing health at Cedar Knoll rest home near Jackson, officials of the facility say. But they say she is less sensitive now than she was at first about the song, which was written by Cannon as a joke because Bailey spent so much time listening to the singercomposer at Deidrich's Cost of moderation WASHINGTON (AP) The typical urban family of four requires 115,500 a year to maintain a moderate standard of living, the Labor Department said Saturday. This, because of inflation, is $1,200 more than in the previous year. The same family can live at an austere level for $9,800 a year, or at Middle class captives . (Continued from A-l) been deprived of their just rewards for having invested in the system and they may very well take it out on the system." And that, Masotti says, could have an effect further down the economic line: "There are a lot of people down there who are poor and who are unable to fend for themselves . . "Because the middle class malaise will be transferred to government, the government will in turn withdraw benefits from the lower class, the kind of advanced welfare socialism we've been engaged in. "I think we have an increasingly dependent society down there that is going to be troublesome ... or could become violent." Many students of public opinion already see an isolationism decrying international involvement, and some see a kind of isolationism growing in terms of social expenditures. The genesis of the middle class discontent is that they are achievers, and in recent years they have failed to achieve. Certainly the middle class is irritated by the pervasiveness of government in their lives, and some of the presidential candidates are echoing that theme. A recent Associated Press study showed that the federal bureaucracy churned out nearly 7,500 regulations in 1974 alone; the number of federal agencies has doubled to 24 in the last 10 years and now employs 105,000 people. Last October, the University of Michigan's Survey Research Center found that only five per cent of Americans thought government was doing a good job on economic policy, a figure that is very nearly a statistical zero. In another poll last year SRC found that 42 per cent of Americans felt they were worse off than a year before and 32 per cent considered themselves worse off than five years before. Both figures were 10 percentage points higher than during the 1958 WASHINGTON (AP) Following is a list of U.S. metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas and three hypothetical budgets, in dollars, which the Labor Department estimated is required to support a typi cal family of four: Northeast Low Inter. High Boston Buffalo Hartford Lncstr, Pa. New York Phil Pittsburg Prtlnd, Me. Other areas North Central: Cedar Rapds ChmpnUrbDl Chicago Cinn Cleveland Dayton Detroit Green Bay Indpls Kansas City Milwaukee Mpls-St. Paul St Louis Wichita Other areas South: Atlanta Austin Baltimore Btn Rouge Dallas Durham Houston Nashville Orlando Wshngtn Other areas West: Bkrsfld, Cal. Denver L.A. San Diego San Fran Seattle Honolulu Other areas Anchorage 10,777 18,315 27,276 10,000 16,434 23,818 10,335 16,478 23,017 9,735 15,101 21,174 10,487 17,676 27,285 10,101 15,850 22,901 9,481 14729 21,174 10,145 15,826 21,915 9,739 15,271 21,137 9,589 15,401 22,297 10298 15,883 23,003 10,172 15,872 22,773 9202 14.808 20,663 9,727 15,711 22,382 9224 14334 20,813 9,754 15,870 23,136 9,430 15290 22,709 9,628 15231 21,894 9,638 15,004 21,894 10,000 16,480 23,918 9,965 15,822 23,172 9,462 14961 21,396 9,616 14583 20,819 9,455 14181 19,910 9207 14310 20,513 8,694 13,591 19,583 10,099 15,398 22,395 8,883 13,927 20,386 9,008 14093 20,337 9,519 15,016 21,391 9218 14165 20236 8,975 14166 20208 9,177 13,824 19,907 10,335 16,060 23282 8,827 13,418 18,681 9,380 14190 19,974 9,584 14885 21,484 10236 15429 22317 9,918 15,329 22,300 10,721 16,589 24229 10,423 15,787 22,382 12,404 18,702 28,310 9,690 23,858 19,701 15,389 21,409 30,591 Son., April 11,1976 People in the news Saloon In Jackson instead of at home with his wife. Mrs. Williams, who married a farmer after her divorce from Bailey, said in early yean that she thought the song humiliated her. She later recalled Bailey as a philanderer, saying he "was my sweetheart, but he was everybody else's, too." She said, however, that even after the divorce, she remained friends with Bailey until his death in 1954. a level allowing some luxuries for $22,500 a year, the government said in its annual analysis of hypothetical family budgets. The costs, calculated for fall 1975, rose 7 per cent for the low budget 8 per cent for the moderate budget and 8.2 per cent for the higher budget over the previous year. recession, the last nadir of any size affecting the nation. Of course, the recession has hit everyone. But for the suburban homeowner making between $15,000 and $20,000, with his home upkeep, his taxes, his utility bills, his installment debt, his car or cars, there are many more fixed expenses, more places for the money to go. That suburban family with two young children in school, based on hypothetical budgets composed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for 1971 and 1974, faced these grim facts: Housing up $1,000, food up $1200, transportation up $300, taxes and social security up $1,200, miscellaneous items up $900. Thus this hypothetical middle class homeowner needed salary increases totaling some $4,600 in four years just to hold his own. For young people seeking to follow the middle class path, the obstacles to home ownership seem all but insurmountalbe high mortgage interest rates, high taxes, high maintenance costs, and most especially high prices. The median price of an existing home sold in October 1966 was $18,290. In October 1975, it was $35,380. New home prices have gone up almost 50 per cent in the last 10 years, and builders are now talking about "no frills" homes to cut costs. New home sales are dramatically down, and beginning in 1974 the sales of existing homes also fell, because of tight credit, climbing interest rates and shrinking mortgage money. For the family alraady ensconced in the suburbs, the rise in home values is a gain, certainly, as real money, however, it is illusory. A 32-year-old city employe in the Los Angeles suburbs bought a new home for his family for $40,000 two years ago. It is worth $70,000 today. "Isn't that ridiculous?" he asks. "I suppose the difference would be money gained if we could sell it, take the money and move to some place like Snake Navel, Wyo. But if I were to move to a larger home in this area, I'd have to buy at an inflated price, and that's hardly money gained." That home, representing much of the middle class life savings, ironically shuts the door on middle class families seeking financial aid when it comes time to send their offspring to college. The program of federal aid applies primarily to the poor. Anyone with a large equity in a home, savings, or other investments need not apply, under Federal Formula. As one New Jersey father of eight, living In a home the value of which has inflated to $100,000 asks, "What am I supposed to do? Sell the house to send the kids to college." Every element of middle class living has been gripped by the rising cost of living. In a number of interviews in suburbs across the nation, families in the $15,000 to $20,000 income range singled them out. "I have about $200 a month in installment debt besides the mortgage," says a 36-year-old salesmen who lives with his wife and two children in Chicago's suburban Hoffman Estates. "That's a problem. It rules out the chance of buying anything we can do without. "We were much better of four or five years ago. My pay hasn't kept up with inflation, and when you have kids who have to go to doctors and outgrow sets of clothes every three months, you continually have to spend." Doubled or tripled fuel bills are widely resented. A 33-year-old teacher who lives with his wife and two children in a Denver suburb (the family income is $21,000, including the $3,000 she makes as a sales clerk) says, "We paid about $20 a month for electricity and gas four years ago. Now even with the air conditioning off as often as we can In summer and the thermostat at 68 degrees during winter, and wearing sweaters, it's now as much as $60 some months and probably averages $50 year round. The car too. It helped create the suburbs, where many middle class t v r i f. rw- H Phil Ochs pegged at $15,000 By comparison, the size of such budgets a year earlier rose between 124 and 142 per cent Last year's smaller increase, though still high by post-World War n standards, reflected the slowing of inflation. The consumer price index, the best measure of the impact of inflation on consumers, increased at a . . families now own two autos. Indispensable to suburban life where there's little public transportation, the car has turned albatross. In 1967, federal figures show, it cost 11 cents a mile to drive a standard sedan. By 1974 it was up to 16 cents and climbing with rising gasoline and Insurance costs. More even than private home and car, education characterizes the middle class standards. "Education . . . has been and is the hallmark of the American middle class. Going way back into our history, the notion of the 'educated man' has been almost synonymous with the middle class," wrote Ben J. Wattenburg, demographer and census expert Today, they are signs of growing middle class discontent over rising taxes and what some sense as a declining quality of education. When things get tight everyone pulls in and the middle class is no exception. Their lack of confidence fed into the nation's economy in 1974 and 1975, compounding the recession. Their income is greater than 10 years ago. But success breeds the expectation of success, and takes no excuses. What does the middle class do? Barring another great period of economic expansion, "one choice is to adapt" says sociologist Masotti. "That's the normal American response. You make do with less and muddle through . . . They'll adjust their expectations downward. They won't go up the mobility ladder into larger houses. The kids may live with them longer . . . "On the other hand, the variety of governments offer opportunities to express discontent. Through elections. Particularly referendum elections. That isn't as evident in the East or Midwest as it is on the West Coast, where most anything is decided by submitting it to the public for a vote. And those people turn things down left and right "Government is going to have to think small, because they're not going to give it the money to think big." Area forecast Mostly cloudy this morning with a 40 per cent chance of a few showers. A little cooler days. Locally windy in the mountains and deserts through tonight Snow level in the mountains lowering to about 5,000 feet. S.I. Valley Today and high 58 to 64 Tomorrow low 42 to 48 Meaatalai Today and high 40s Tomorrow low 20$ to 30$ Upper Itierl Today and high 60$ Tomorrow low 35 to 45 lower Desert Today and high 70$ Tomorrow low 45 to 52 lei Aetata ar Today and high 65 Tomorrow low 50 leeches Today and high 60 to 66 Tomorrow low 45 to 50 Nerthara ad Caalral Calilarala Travelers advisory Sierra Nevada for rain or snow continuing on and off through Sunday along with strong gusty southerly winds. Chance of showers Sunday except showers likely near central coast area and mountains. Variable cloudiness Sunday night and Monday with chance of showers in central California through Sunday night. Cooler in mountains and south central California. Snow level lowering to 3,000 to 4000 feet north and 4000 to 6,000 feet Sierra Nevada. The weather Phil Ochs dead at 35 NEW YORK (AP) PHIL OCHS. who wxote and sang songs against the Vietnam war that were popular on many college campuses, committed suicide at his sister's home in Queens on Friday, his family reported. He was 35. The writer of such songs as "Changes", "I Declare the War Is Over" and "A Small Circle of Friends" was said to have hanged himself in the home of Sonny Tanzman, where he lived since December. "Phil had been very depressed for a long time," a family friend was quoted by the New York Times as saying. "Mainly, the words weren't coming to him any more." rate of 122 per cent in 1974 and 72 per cent in 1975. Consumer prices have risen another 1.5 per cent since the fall. The annual survey attempts to calculate costs on three different levels of living for a hypothetical urban family consisting of a 38-year-old husband employed full time; his wife, who doesn't work outside the home; a 13-year-old son, and an 8-year-old daughter. The couple is assumed to have been married about 15 years and to be "settled in the community." The budgets are not based on how families actually spent their money but reflect assumptions about the manner of living. Low-budget famines live in rental housing, use public transportation or drive a used car and do most of their own cooking and washing. At the moderate level, families are assumed to have purchased their own home six years ago, drive a late-model car, buy more meat at the market and dine out occasionally. The higher budget family buys a new car every four years and can afford more household goods and services. ' Will nation (Continued from A-l) successful attempt of its kind to exploit the political potency of a basically conservative strain in America's vast middle class. Purposefully or not, however, Brown has taken this technique a long step farther than Nixon did. Political scientists have noted that Nixon correctly read that the middle class is basically conservative on many economic and political issues. They have also pointed out, however, that this broad segment of American society has a large wing that comes down on the liberal side of many issues. And even in the most conservative wing of the middle class there is often a strong sense of decency and fair play that is rooted in the historical beginnings of this nation. With his attacks on the anti-war demonstrators, who were the sons and daughters of the silent majority, Nixon offended not only the most liberal wing of the middle class, but, eventually, much of its conservative wing as well. And his policy of "benign neglect" toward minorities not only alienated blacks and browns but added to his trouble with the middle class. Obviously, this is a greatly oversimplified view of Nixon, and National weather Associated Press Cold fronts caused showers and thundershowers Saturday Countv summary Official San Bernardino high and low temperature yesterday was reported by the National Weather Service: 71-44 One year ago: 6047. Daytime temperatures ranged at Norton Air Force Base: 6640. Relative humidity at 1 p.m. 50 per cent Area Temperatures High Low Apple Valley 68 38 Bar$tow 76 37 Big Bear 56 25 Colton 70 40 Daggett 81 50 Etlwanda 68 36 Fontana 69 43 Lake Arrowhead ... 57 36 Lytle Creek 65 41 Needles 84 50 Ontario 69 44 Redlands 72 38 Rlalto 72 43 Rlver$lde 70 44 THIS MONTH in the Plains, the Midwest and parts of the West coast. One front moving slowly eastward, caused rain from Minnesota through Kansas and Oklahoma. It was expected to spread precipa-tion across Wisconsin and Missouri. Another front brought showers and snow in higher elevations in the Pacific Northwest through northern California. A third front moved through the northern Great Lakes. 1 Afternoon temperatures ranged from 82 at Wichita Falls, Texas, to 33 at Houghton, Mich. Mini-almanac Monday, Apr. 12, 1974 Sunrise 5:21a.m. Sunet 6:18 p.m. RAINFALL Apr. 5 10 Apr. 4 18 Mar. 1V76 13 Feb. 197 4 SO Dec. 1975 5 NOV. 1975 74 Oct. 1975 Sept. 1975 '3 1975-74 July 1 to date 9.33 1974-73 July 1 to date 12.41 1974-75 season total 13.38 Mar. 10 ....55 44 Mar. U 79 Mar. 11. ...54 Mar. 12... .69 Mar. 13 ....76 Mar. 14 ....77 Mar. IS ....86 Mar. It. ...84 Mar. 17 ....83 Mar. 18 ....75 Mar. 19 ....68 Mar. 20 ....77 Mar. 21 ....85 Mar. 22... .87 Mar. 23 ....79 Mar. 24 ....75 Mar. 25 ....75 Mar. 27 ....72 Mar. 28 ....61 Mar. 29 . Mar. 30. Mar. 31 . Apr. 1.. TOKYO (AP) The Soviet Union is reinforcing its Far Eastern fleet by deploying sophisticated guided missile cruisers Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. while stepping up air recon- naissance Apr. 52 Apr. 10 71 arouna Brainwash claim bothered Hearst Gannett News Service Special SAN FRANCISCO - Patricia Hearst expressed some doubt before her armed bank robbery trial about the defense her lawyers and psychiatrists planned to present, according to transcripts of pre-trial psychiatric interviews with the convicted newspaper hpiress. The transcripts, obtained by the Los Angeles Times, disclosed that Hearst herself had suggested the possibility of "plea bargaining" to her lawyers shortly after her arrest last Sept 18. And later last fall, she acknowledged she had "problems' with the "brainwashing" defense her lawyers anticipated. When a court-appointed psychiatrist told her such a defense was his own "best explanation" for her joining her Symbionese Liberation Army captives in the bank robbery, she responded:" (it) just doesn't get rid of everything." Then she paused and sighed. Callaway's (Continued from A-l) mad," Walton testified. "I felt we had been double crossed. I felt that the rug had been pulled from beneath us. And I called Mr. Callaway." "I suggested to Bo could he please find out what was the Forest Service position," Walton added. Callaway later met with Forest Service and Agriculture Department officials in his Pentagon office where, the officials who were present have testified, he argued for expansion of the resort Callaway, scheduled to testify Monday, resigned as President Ford's campaign manager following published reports of that July 3 meeting. Walton and his attorney first expressed reluctance to turn over financial records on the Crested Butte Devlopment Corp., in which Callaway owns a two- thirds interest But they did so after Haskell threatened to have them subpoenaed. Less than six months after the meeting, the Forest Service issued a new environmental statement tenta buy Brown ideas ... obviously the political sentiments or nearly everyone have changed In the past 10 years. It does, nevertheless, point the way to understanding at least part of the Brown phenomenon. For what Jerry Brown has done, successfully so far, at least, is to find methods of appealing to both the liberal and conservative strains in the middle calss. There is no trick to winning the heart of liberals and conservatives on separate levels. The trick is to get them to climb into the same political bed together. The key to Brown's success appears to be bis ability to advocate traditionally conservative economic policies without drawing the ire of liberals concerned about social issues. In another oversimplified view, what makes many middle class liberals vote and act the way they do is a kind of collective guilt over the inequities that have existed in American society since the days of black slavery and Indian wars. Few people understand middle class liberals better than Jerry Brown, the highly educated son of a liberal governor and a young man who marched in Southern civil rights demonstrations and opposed ES3 GUSH Albany 61 25 Albu'que 77 39 Amarillo 84 SO Anchorage 38 35 Asheville 67 29 Atlanta 72 38 Birmingham 74 37 Bismarck 55 35 Boise 68 42 Boston 60 37 Brownville 81 63 Buffalo 50 34 Charleston 66 29 Charlotte 66 30 Chicago 69 44 Cincinnati 69 31 Cleveland 61 27 Denver 69 31 Des Moines 76 47 Detroit 67 28 Duluth 60 35 Fairbanks 45 31 Fort Worth 80 50 Green Bay 45 38 Soviets strengthen Eastern Agency said Friday. It said a Japanese surveillance aircraft spotted a Soviet Krivac class guided missile cruisers Wednesday heading north maneuvers toward the Japan japan, tne ueiense oi umnawa, The transcripts also disclosed that; Hearst said she was prepared to surrender peaceably to the FBI but was discovered and was surprised when only four officers (two FBI agents and two San Francisco police department officers) were on hand for her arrest. "Which is fine with me," she laughed. "They could have just sent one out with a bullhorn saying come out and we would have just walked right out." The one-time kidnap victim said she thought the six SLA members killed in a shootout with Los Angeles police were suicidal. "All they had to do was walk out the door, she said. "... I really think they just wanted to die." Shortly after her arrest, Hearst told a psychiatric interviewer how she had argued repeatedly with SLA companions William and Emily Harris, finally deciding to leave them. partner . tively approving the expansion. Haskell alleged that the corporation pressed for a favorable decision on the expansion of the resort to nearby federally owned Snodgrass Mountain "not to develop the mountain, but to increase the value of its land holdings at the base of the mountain to spur land sales and to help stave off present financial troubles Walton said financial considerations were the long-range goal of expansion but that they did not figure prominently in efforts to reverse the Forest Service decision. An attorney for Callaway told reporters the firm's debts are currently closer to $7.1 million. In earlier testimony Saturday, past and present Forest Service officials in Colorado denied being pressured by thpir Washington superiors into tentatively approving the resort expansion. William J. Lucas, former regional forester for the Rocky Mountain region of the Forest Service, said no directions came from Washington on the matter. the Vietnam War. When most conservatives talk about trimming the size of government, their targets usually are welfare and other social programs. That is like waving red flags in the faces of liberals concerned about the plight of the poor and the black. When Jerry Brown talks about trimming the size of government, he speaks in terms of everyone, rich and poor alike, "lowering their expectations" of what government should be doing. At the same time, he is likely to be announcing the appointment of a woman cabinet secretary, a paraplegic department head and a couple of black superior court Judges. Doctors said they needed state subsidies for their skyrocketing malpractice insurance premiums. Fine, Brown said, but they must pay for it by donating some of their time to public service and stop refusing to treat welfare patients. Cars and freeways clogging the cities and polluting the air? No problem, Brown says. The state highway building fund is out of money anyway. We simply won't raise taxes to build any more roads and eventually people will have to find other means of transportation. NA1IONJU Wf ATHtt SIIVICI NO Ut 0.i .1 C. ' (SI Aonl io A. aA National temperatures Associated Press HiLoPrcOtlk Helena Honolulu Houston Ind'apolis Jacks'ville Juneau Kansas City Las Vegas Little Rock Los Angeles Louisville Marquette Miami Memphis Milwaukee MplfrSL P. New Orleans New York Okla. City Omaha Orlando Philad'phia Phoenix Pittsburgh P'tland, Me. P'tland, Ore. Rapid City Richmond St Louis Salt Lake San Diego San Fran Seattle Spokane 66 33 clr 80 M rn 76 58 cdy 67 32 rn 73 40 clr 50 40 rn 74 49 cdy 81 47 cdy 76 41 cdy 66 49 cdy 71 34 rn 41 28 .12 cdy 72 65 clr 75 40 cdy 72 39 .02 cdy 63 51 clr 77 49 cdy 63 33 rn 81 49 cdy 78 51 . cdy 77 50 clr 65 34 rn 85 53 clr 61 28 rn 53 31 cdy 60 46 cdy 58 41 cdy 68 31 cdy 75 37 cdy 69 31 cdy 65 58 cdy 54 49 23 rn 67 42 rn 65 36 cdy 77 56 clr 68 36 rn sn cdy cdy cdy clr clr cdy clr cdy rn cdy sn rn clr cdy rn cdy clr clr cdy .02 clr cdy cdy cdy fleet Sea west Tampa Washington

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