Extracted Article Text (OCR)
1 CJl DYING BOYjV -mteyestingandinsotite visjtiov the bank of Eng. i' sTvV find tha fn11nW nAraaTanhs in.a leadinfir edi- I isr doctrine-which the Atoencan people passes mm uw nie. nd succeeded in making Tv sr desperate in love. 1 "torial onthia, "subject In etimp'reAmerican bVfe Wmimhtatty JJWg Monday jasu.i o. Ram pi Pwy ju-uw, w.uwiv-," x.
iru'rf- X1J tha lnet fn ornntaiirtrv TaTfit ttlflVlll ui 1I when they. beholdRussian swallow subjurt in Si: -5 Kingston, "'was born in 1720, 'and was of a very Devonshire fami- 1 Her Jathet coumet 'fT iA wUir id herself rwhiie sno rSaflofcto Pulteney, awaryiSathre.nd stdl greater heWstudiea- whene was away he cor-VeKPOnded with hei; with the same view also but of-n Jtii8 care; her extreme volatility and ca- pricrejenied bit from, deriving much benefit from his aTicelv she wati often in the habit of saying, thai she should actually hate herself were she ever v'-' to remaxft iwdliours in the same mood she dclar- th-t tlf crtTivprRatioTis of aien did not eacalicr much better in the same spirit she would Obsefve' laughingly tnai in looKing ai au r.iigiio"- ikon Vra PrfinfihinjMi- jone would sav. "that one 7 was seeking for enjoyment and the other felt it. Chudleigh's position, as well as her personal drew around her a great number of adorers; the Duke of Hamilton became the favored one -ad it was settled between the two lovers that their ifiarriage should take place on the young Duke's re-turn from a voyage which he was on the point of naking irieantufle the misery of absence was to be alleviated by constant correspondence. -But all these plans fell to the ground in conse-4quence of the manoeuvres of Mrs.
Hanmer, Miss aunt, who was anxious to encourage the I addresses of Captain Hervey, the son of Lord Bristol. intercepted all their letters, and after making ther'fliece believe that the Duke of Hamilton was un-faithful to her, succeeded also in inducing her to marry his rival, the 4th of August, 1 744. After the first day of their marriage, Mrs. Hervey took a great dislike to her husband, and resolved never to live i -with him; but by some strange inconsistency, at the yry moment she was persuading her husband to agrefe to an amicable separation, she changed her opinion) and the result of the mterview was very feeditfeYent" from what might have been anticipated. 'cShe became a -but her child died' shortly its The Duke of Hamilton, who had partly discoverer 1 Mrs.
Hanmer's double dealing on his return to England, again offered his hand to her of venose marriage he was ignorant, and was porfect-. My in despair at the unaccountable refusal which she gave1 him. This refusal did not less astonish the public, and Miss Chudleigh's mother was extremely indignant at her conduct, for she did not know her daughter's secret engagement. In order to escape the reproaches with which she is was loaded, and the importunity of the Duke of An- caster and 'Other noblemen who eagerly sought her favor, she set out for the Continent with a military man, who became the companion of her journey in the most singular way. She caused the following 'adveVtisement to be inserted in all the papers: A young laly, mistress of her own person, and fn possession of a tolerable fortune, who believes herself by no means disagreeable, and flatters her-ft'-5- 'self that she is not so toother people, has resolved to a-go abroad she would be glad if some young man, of a respectable family and pleasing manners, would onsent to be her travelling companion.
She has no ties and she hopes that he who meets her wishes will be as free as herself, so that there should be nothing to interfere with a more intimate connection Rafter their first intimacy. An answer will be expec- ted in the newspapers before the expiration of a fort- nifrht. It is required that the secret should be kept tiH all the arrangements are made; any indiscretion trillnofbe committed with impunity." JTwo days after the following reply was seen in the papers sm? A middle-aged man, tolerably good looking, and of sound-constitution, offers his services to the lady by whom the advertisement was inserted the other He has travelled and is perfectly independent If the lady in question thinks that he is likely to suit her, he is ready to start whenever she wishes, if she -will only inform him of her intentions," -An interview took place, and they set out together, but they soon grew bored at each other, and separated at Berlin. Miss Chudleigh was here warmly welcomed by the great Frederick, who was quite 'harmed with her frank manners, with her impetuosity, and 'with her vivacious and witty repartees. He absolved her from all etiquette, upon her merely requesting one day to be allowed to study at her ease thc-character of a Prince who set an example to Europe and who might openly boast of having an admirer in -every individual of the British nation.1"1 marked attention, and treated her with' the greatest distinction.
Not only Bid he take pleasure in her conversation, but he afterwards kept a regular correspondence with her. short time after she visited Dresden, and there she gained the Electress's friendship. The princ ss was very pious and sensible, and loaded her with 'presents and kindness, which proved the interest which she took in her welfare. On her return to "iEgland, she hastened to pay all due homage to her "illustrious protectress the Princess was enchanted with her lively pictures and dazzling descriptions of all she had seen. She was the delight of the bril- liant- circles in which she moved, but her union with Captain Hervey was continual a source of misery with her.
ith the view of destroying all traces of it, she visited Lainston, where 'the marriage was celebrated, and while the chaplain was conversing with her travelling companions, she tore out the much hated proofs of her union from the parish registers, which she had wished to see. But when, a' short time afterwards, Captainf Jlervey became Lord Bristol, on the death of his father, she bitterly repented what she had done, especially when she learnt that her husband was attacked by a dangerous malady, and that she might" yery soon become a rich dowager. So now ehe, attempted to replace the proofs of her marriage, whichshehid herself destroyed in the Lainston tshjgticeeded in accomplishing her purpose, by bribing thff jslergyman, with whom they were de-posit'butthCefFects of this contemptible artifice pWaclf, and she was caught 'in her own forafter' she had restored the proofe of her first marriage Iord Bristol recovered his health, and the one of the richest noblemen in the land, a peer of the realm, solicited the honor of 'being: Then, indeed, Miss Chudleigh experienced the bitterest regret. In vain did she attempt to get a divorce though Lord Bristol had not a spark of attachment for her, he opposed her desire for a long time, and said to those persona who spoke to him on-the subject, that he would go to the devil before he allowed his wife's vanity to be grati-, fled in becoming" a duchess. But when, at length, 4ie fell passionately in love with another lady, whom he was anxious to make his wife, he placed no farther obstacle in the way of a divorce, which was soon after pronounced by their mutual consent now at the height of hefWishcs, was jmUifly unitcd, the 8th of March, 1769 to Evelyn Plerrepont, Duke of Kingston, with thet consent of the.
Archbishop of Canterbury. The King and Queen loaded her with presents bui tha hew mar- riage was not more fortunate than the former. The Duke had Verydeiicate health, which gave his manners too much gentleness to please the restless spirit of the dissipated Duchess so that Lord Kingston was not long before he regretted the loss of his liberty. It iB even said that he helped to shorten his days. died in 1773, leaving the whole of his fortune to hfewife'-dU" condition that she did not marry again.
Thia condition exceedingly displeased the Duchess, who vainly tried to get it erased from the will Left tov her)sei the Duehcss-of Kingston plunged more thari ever into dissipation, and went to such lengths, that the people of London were even quite scandalized at her conduct Having metwith several mor-tihonaBhjaetenjn on gomgfto Italy. She went iu yachts which she had constructed at an enormooa entered Rome almost in triumph- The Pope GanewwUi received our heroine as a Princess, and the CaitfmaW followed th example of, the Sovereign Paatiff Here she fitted tipTpal- TIIK DUTCHESS OFmGSTp.ci -t3Unr unprovided for, sothat cir.sole subsistence MWChMeigIwasxce her ana were limited she stOltkept upher common of diction, withy whbta "oa Account ofherhusbaod's-rankj-she had formcrff'eatimte. as Vi4acomedrywWV because i)f he? beauty and the 'inri-MHnesiof herwife hapPQUedOft meet with Mr. jfulfenivP WoaeJpMada of theOpposv 4aOSbotl isooTthe Prince -of "riltttniK ekcrnahei was made t)neof hiMhoe gtv U' HatH grown familiar withlhe atlu of sin t00 Ph.V bitter fruiter voy, whose infant feet had trod V-AJpoi btottoms of Bome serai 'gprmtfs. To revet itsiight? he turted wav.
out Ana sougMiS chamtxte to lid down and die 'TWAS night hsuromoaed hi accustomed fri 'Aod-uMhtswise bestowed hia Taut roeat? 'ur There's deep saflbcahon iSa sv bw soow beavy.hand jnvbpsopi preasU And on- my brows I feel the told aweat stand it on my wrist, And the ther thoa, beneaWiiy "nead i beside jreur kneeifc 'Shall I. kneel down atirfgnand praT Nor iibe morning wake; an sing? the You taught to me. Oh at the time of prayer '-WheByoa look round and see i vacant seat You will not wait thea for.inywnnng feet-L You'll miss" me there "FatherrTm going home! To that great home you.spoke pf that blessed a Where there is one bright summer, always blanH And tortures do jnot come; From faintness.and from pain, From troublef, fears, you say shall be fre That sickness does not enter there, and Shall, meet again! 's Brother, the little spot I used to call my crarden. where 1od We've stop'd fo watch the coming bods and fl. Forget it not now' Plant there some box or pine, Something.
that Uvea in winter, and will be A verdant offering to my memory, And call it mine. That all the Bering has been my pleasant care Just putting forth its leaves green and fair I give toiheei'V" And when its roses bloom, I shall be gone away my short course run And will yfiu not bestow a single one Upon my tomb Now, mother, sing the tune You sansr last nierht: I'm weanr Who was it called my name Nav no nnt You'lUlleomesoonr Mornhigf spreads over earth her rosy wings And that meek sufferer, cold and ivory pile Lay on his couch asleep. The morning air Came through the open window. frfi-crlit The fragrant oders of the lovely breathed it The laugh of passer-by Jarred like a discord in some mournful note But worried not his slumber. He was dead 1 A TTH A PAD rrT VrtTTVT ii ti i iur oil svn mindnd ttaii -nt-i it rvtt J.xUinu.
At COM I inn wi iigui uiuiuvu juuug wen in mis country that though they may hot be able to command I 't, pecuniary capital as the would wish to commeno uuauivoB iui iiiciubciveB, yet mere is amoral cat)ita' nmuiurcji uw Marc, wak wm WClgtl as much money wun people wnose opinion 13 worth havine And it does' not tAkVa orent while in 1 6 respectable amount of this capital. It cont truth, honesty integrity, to which may be added de cision, nrmness, courage, perseverence. With these quauues, inere lew obstacles that may not be orcr- up u.6 vj magic, flows out to him and business accumulates on his hands faster than he can ask it. And in a few short years such a young man is far in advance of manj who started with him, having equal talents and 1. ger pecuniary means, and ere long pur young friend stands foremost among the honored trusted and loved Would that we could induce every youthful reader of our paper to commence life on the principle that mot al capital is the mam thing after all.
Uaby-Haters. Whenever you find a man tk hates babies, you" will be quite safe in hating hit No one that does not deserve to be shunned or liked ever shows an antipathy to babies. What hate a little creature with a cotton-ball head, that cat only manifest its joy by kicks, and an inarticulat! gurgle that, in anguish, cannot tell the seat of 1 A. A 1 1 1 ,7 "1 pam, uut must enaure manyraom wnne you are guessing out the source of its agonies that has the holiest of all claims on human sympathies utter helplessness, utter dependence? What! hate the thing which you yoUrself were, and from which you would never have grown man's, estate, if your parents had been like you, a baby-hater Fie on it Even dogs love babies, and will suffer them to stride them, pull their ears, andrbuffet them by the hour, without responding' to their annoyance with even a growl. Mothers, ifVyou happen to know any male biped that dislikes the species in its infancy, don't, if you can help it, suffer vhkn to marry oneol your female acquaintances.
Be sure he will makei sour, morose, icy-hearted husband. Nineveth was fifteen miles by nine, and forty round, with walls one hundred feet high and thick enongb for three chariots Bablyon was sixty mile! within the walls, which- were seventy -five feet thick and three hundred I feet high, wjth ohe hundred brazen gates. The temple of Diana was four hundred feet high, and was two hundred years in building. The largest of the pyraihids-HS four hundred and eighty feet high, and six hundred and sixty-three feet on one side; its. base covers eleven acres.
The stones are about thirty feet in length, and three layers are two hundred 1 and eight. Three hundred and sixty thousand men were employed in -its erection. The labyrinth of Egypt contains three thousand chambers and twelve halhi. Thebes, in Egypt presenti ruins twenty-seven miles round. It had one hundred gates.
was miles round, and so was Athens. Maxims or Bishop -Midbijeton. Perseverence a-gainst discouragements-keep your temper employ leisure in study, and always have some work on hand be punctual and never procrastinate never be iB a hurry preserve self-possession, and don't be talked into convictionfise" early and be an economist of time nmintaindighity without the appearance of manner is something with everybody, and everything with somebe guarded in discourse, attentive and slow to'speak never acquiesce in immoral or pernicious opinion be not forward to assign reasons to those who have hp right to ask think nothing is conduct unimportant and indifferent rather set than follow ah example OTactice'striet temperance, and in all your transactions remember the final account The Scottish The origin of this ancient emblem of Scottish pugnacity, is thus handed dowa by tradition: -When the Danes invaded Scotland, it was deemed unwarUkc to attack an enemy in pitch darkness of instead of a pitched batw by day but on ona occasion the invaders resolved to avail themselves of thiastraiagem jp.and in to prevent their tramp frcm they ed barefooted. They haaSus neared the Scottish when aDane1 nruckllv'" stepped witi his naked foot upon a supertry)Hekly thistle, instinctively uttered a cry of painSrhich discovert" the assault to th0''Scyhd''rM'eiram8 defeated the foe with a The this tle was immediate! of Sew bind. Exercise is bette'rhan mil sflo preserve bcalth Mark, says a sensible writei', the laboring man, breakfasts at six, and then perhaps two to his work He is fullpf healjhand, a stranger MarkXoh'jhe other.
hah'y pur clerk; wJJ takes tea and toast at eight, and getsdown to to store aithhef or half-pastV He if a pale effenu creature, full of samparilla aBd patent worm me cine-, and pills and things WhSt pity it is that to class ofpeople.do not lay down yardsticks scissors, and take the scythe Jhe flail for or two. By remaining jri- their present occupy they only help iii fill up cemeteries, andT that's v00 as miserable a use of humanity as you can Jhtbrkst osXoajts InEnghind, njjj. Edward, was from religious motives, forWa entirely under Henry VIII itwas fixed at cent; per tdxrtita under EUzabeththia rate was yivea; unaerames 1 11 wm vvu re jo under Aim to tf rer cent" At present, there ar lawsfixing therateT interest; money a coiumodityaleft'to find its 1 injx a enmnna dealinir it wiw itwul JhU loading to iiRurioua dealing t.ficulty would now command 8 per cent aarmssiwvwjfcwiW.v remark sOtereTgrtitfJS an from' ithe Gbvenupof tiae, Sanktand given 4cv me through tae3 JanDgsfrwuuse jujiusb, esperaauy wiai jrround with not one window towards the streetbeing light ed altogether front" th6 root tf the enclosed The ordinary business apartments differ, from those in our banks only in their extent, a thousand clerks 'being constantly On duty, and driven with business at that But to form an adequate idea of what the Bank is, we mUSt penetrate its recesstes, its vaults and offices where we shall see such operations as are not known in Wall street I was led, on presenting my card of admission into a private room, where, after the delay of a few moments, a messenger came and conducted me through the mighty and mysterious building. Down we went into a room where the notes of the Bank received yesterday were now examined, compared with the entries in the books, and stored away. The Bank of England never issues the same note a second time, It receives in the ordinary course of business about 800,000, or $4,000,000, daily vex notes these are put up in parcels according to their denomination, boxed up with the date of their reception, and are kept ten years, at the expiration of which period they are taken out and ground up in the mill which I saw running, and made again into paper.
If in the course of these ten years any disr pute in business or lawsuits, should arise concerning the payment of any note, the Bank can produce the identical bill. To meet the demand for notes so constantly used, the Bank has its own paper makers, its own printers, its own engravers, all at work under the same roof, and it even makes the machinery by which the most of its own work is done. A complicated but beautiful operation is a register, extending from the printing office to the banking offices, which marks every sheet of paper which is struck off from the press, so that the printers cannot manufacture a single sheet of blank notes that is not recorded in the Bank. On the same principle of exactness, a shaft is made to pass from one apartment to another, connecting a clock in sixteen business wings of the establishment, and regulating them with such precision that the whole of them are always pointing to the same second of time. In another room was a machine exceedingly simple for detecting light gold coins.
A row of them dropped one by one upon a spring scale if the piece of gold was of the standard weight the scale rose to a certain height, and the coin slid off upon one side into a box if less than the standard it rose a little and the coin slid off the other side. I asked the weigher what was the average number of light coins that came into his hands, and strangely enough he said it was a question he was not allowed to answer. The next room I entered was that in which the notes are deposited which are ready for issue. 44 We have thirty -two millions of pounds sterling in this room, the officer remarked to me, will you take a little of it I told him it would be vastly agreeable, and he handed me a million of dollars which I received with many thanks for his liberality, but he in sisted on my depositing it with him again, as it would" be hardly safe to carry so much money into the street. I very much fear that I shall never see that money again.
In the vault beneath the floor was a Director and the Cashier, counting the bags of gold which men were pitching down to them, each bag containing a thousand pounds sterling, just from the mint This world of money seemed to realize the fables of Eastern wealth, and gave new and strong impressions of the magnitude of the business done here, and the extent of the relations of this one Institution to the commerce of the world. Cor. Ar. Y. Observer.
Lola Montez. The marriage of Lola Montez does not seem to have softened the asperities of her temper. A few days before the sailing of the last steam-, er a difficulty had occurred at the theatre where she was dancing. She made a speech which so pleased the audienee that it shouted in applause. The next day the Californian newspaper declared that the enthusiasm was all a sham from an audience packed for the purpose.
This gave offence to the countess, and here is a copy of a letter she sent to the editor To the responsible Editor of the Daily Californian Sir: The extraordinary article concerning myself which appeared in your paper this morning, requires an extraordinary answer. I use the word "extraordinary," for I am astonished that a respectable Editor should lie in such a barefaced manner, and be so void of gallantry and courtesy as yourself. I am a woman. I do not advocate woman's rights, but at the same time I can right myself by inflicting summary justice upon all jack-an-APES After such a gross insult you must don the petticoats. I have brought some with me, which I can lend you for the occasion you must fight with me.
I leave the choice of two weapons to yourself, for I am very magnanimous. You may choose between my duelling pistols, or take your choice of a pill out of a pillbox. One shall be poison and the other not, and the chances are even. I request that this affair may be arranged by your seconds as soon as possible, as my time is quite as valuable as your own. Maria de Lansfield Hull, (Lola Montez.) Hull is her marital name.
Whether the poor fellow took the pill or the gunpowder is not stated. Mobile Tribune. No Excuse for an Offensive Breath. I can see no reason why a man's complexion merely should exclude him from the dining table, but I do see a very good reason why he should be banished for not taking good care of his teeth. A bad breath is such a detestable thing that it might be a sufficient reason for not marrying a person with otherwise agreeable qualities.
It is moreover perfectly inexcusable thus to transform oneself into a walking sepulchre. Nobody needs to have an offensive breath. A careful removal of substance between the teeth, rinsing the mouth after meals and a bit of charcoal held in the mouth, will always cure a breath. Charcoal used as a dentifrice (that is, rubbed on in powder with a brush) is apt to injure the enamel, but a lump of it held in the mouth two or three times a week and slowly chewed, has a wonderful power to preserve the teeth and purify the breath. The action is purely chemical.
It counteracts the acid arising from a disordered stomach, or food decaying about the gums, and it is this acid which destroys the teeth. A friend of ours had, when about twenty years of age, a front tooth that turned black gradually, crumbled and broke off piecemeal. By frequently chewing charcoal the progress of decay was not only arrested, but nature set vigorously to work to restore the breach and the crumbled portion grew again, till the whole tooth was as sound as before. Every one knows that charcoal is ah antiputrescent It thus tends to preserve the teeth and sweeten the breath. Mrs.
Child. To Bring the Drowned to Life Intended to be kept in every Man's Hat. Immediately as the body is removed from the water, press the chest suddenly and forcibly downward and backward, and instantly discontinue the pressure. Repeat this violent interruption until a pair of common bellows can be procured. When obtained, introduce the muzzle-well upon the, base "of the tongue.
Surround the. mouth with a towel or hankerchief, and close it Di- rect a bystander to press firmly upon the prqjectitrg part of the neck, (called Adam's apple,) and use the bellows actively. Then press upon the chest to' ex- pel the air from the lungs, to imitate natural breathing. Continue this at least an hour, unless signs of natural breathing come on. Wrap the body in blankets, place it near a fire and do everything to "preserve the natural Warmth) as well as to impart an artificial heat, if possible! Every thing, however, is secondary to inflating the lungs.
Send for a medical mail immediately. Avoid all frictions until respiration shall te in: some degree Testored. VALENTINE -Surgeoa General of the AmY Shipwreck Society. 'i i-, OVi JilGLEB SETTnra Tvpfe. Gov TKo-W on hia recent visit to Bedford! Springs, walked into ttWHofBce? of the Bedford Gazette, and, to' the surprise of number of gentlemeffptesefiV picked hpa stick and TOl andcomnenced ettine-vDe with U31 the easft.
grace aifamilaritvxf an 'accomplished andnriTshed A A slight chanee ina fewof theboie iriZi the" days when he used Work- at'ease puzzled the Die building to ODsery.g euperayyuB.pi ap- insntUTlO tftat exerts fcaoWmoral power than art lf. liaita irmat onffir OTrifiriAnio TVa erej of ground ikn edifice ofno architectural beautyj 4 him 'fJha was on the UOlnt -hand and Tor tune on tarn huso'ui iwaii fleyer thoroughly bjeTrassdddenly-arrested as a' swinoUerd uicide iaprison. i 'J'wl 'V'Amore'ycal danger, however, soon effaced this i nfortunate' circumstance from lier 'Snindfor she learnt thatr the" Duke itf iKingston's heirs were en delivering tobrihg an action againBther. for bigamy. They insisted.that the late Duke's will as well as the' proofs of hcrtoarriage should be At this news she was extremely and was anxious to set out immediately for London.
But her banker, who was bribed by her adversaries, hid himself, in order not to be obliged to give her the money for her journey. She did riot hesitate a moment how she should act, but proceeded to his door with a pistol in her hand, and remained there till he had supplied her with the necessary means for travelling to England. Inquiries had already been set on foot, the validity of her first marriage was recognized, and it was asserted that the Ecclesiastical Court, which granted the divorce, could have had no power to do I so. The Duchess always despised public opinion, but now it might be of the utmost importance to her. It was with considerable annoyance, therefore, that she learnt that the celebrated comediai Foote, well known for his satirical writing, was on the point of bringing out a piece at the Haymarket called A trip to Calais," of which she was the heroine, under the name of Lady Crocodile.
She succeeded in suppressing the piece. A great many bitter pamphlets were published also, and never did any trial make a greater sensation. Westminster Hall was crowded to excess; the royal family, the foreign ministers, members of the House of Commons were all present on the occasion. According to Mr. d'Archenholz's account, who was a spectator, the Duchess was dressed in black, and had a lady's maid on each side of her, as well as her physician and apothecary, a secretary and six advocates.
She also adopted a singular method to avoid showing emotion. After the interrogation which she had to undergo, she caused herself to be bled as soon as the examination was over. The firm and noble expression of her countenance, which she maintained throughout the trial, wen all hearts. At the close of the trial she briefly, but in the most dignified manner, addressed the court, but was found guilty by a majority of two hundred Peers. The punishmeni then awarded tb bigamy, was the application of a hot -iron to the right hand, but the Duchess' counsel prevented this sentence being executed on her, pleading her privileges to the Peerage, and she escaped with a reprimand from the Lord lliyh Steward.
The most extraordinary feature of this trial was that while her adversaries succeeded in proving the Duchess of Kingston's second marriage invalid, the Duke's will was confirmed as being totally independent of this marriage, and she thus retained the whole of the immense fortune which he left her. When the affair was settled, her ladyship's opponents (she was again Lady Bristol) began to form a plan of attack for confining her to the kingdom, and so despoil of her possessions but she contrived to elude their vigilance, and embarked lor Calais, inere she remained some time, and afterwards set out on her travels again. In the first instance she went to Rome to settle some matters of interest, and afterwards returned to Calais, where she took a magnificent hotel, and furnished it at the greatest expense, and with the greatest elegance. But this place did not altogether suit her, so she fitted out a vessel in a new style, and with the utmost magnificence, where every luxury of life was to be found in it she went td St Petersburg, and was received by Catherine the second with the most marked distinction. From St.
Petersburg she proceeded to Poland, and here the Prince of Radzjuval gave the most brilliant jetes in her honour, and one which was especially remarka-b'e, a boar-hunt by torch-light. It appears that the Prince was so captivated with her, that he sued for her hand as a favor he was, however, refused. Un her return to France, iier fortune, wit and sparkling conversation, as well as her charming way of telling anecdotes, and even her follies, caused her to be gen erally well received, and assured her a brilliant ex istance. She held her little court of artists and men of letters, for a long while in this country. It was just after she had purchased the magnificent chateau of Saint Assie, a few miles from Fountainebleau, that she was seized with an illness which, in a few days occasioned her death, fehcdicd on the 20th of August, 1788.
beine rather more than sixty-eight years of age. She summoned two English lawyers to France to draw up her will the Duchess' possession, including her diamonds and furniture, as well as her estate, amounted to 200,000. sterling she had, moreover, other property in Russia. THE JUDGE WHO ALWAYS ANTICIPATED, The following anecdote has been often in print, but its inimitable point makes it worthy of an occasional reprint As a judge, (and indeed Barrington has hinted at it,) Lord Avoiimorc had one great fault he was apt to take up a nrst impression of a cause, and it was very difficult afterwards to obliterate it. The advocate, therefore, had not only to struggle against the real obstacle presented to him by the case itself, but also with the imaginary ones created by the hasty anticipation of the judge.
Curran was one day most seriously annoyed by this habit of Lord Avonmore, and he took the following whimsical method of cor rccting it (The reader must remember that ihe ob ject of the narrator was, by a tedious and malicious procrastination, to irntato his hearer into the vice he was so "anxious to eradicate.) They were to dine together at the house of a common friend, and a large party were assembled, many of whom witnessed the occurrences of the morning. Curran, contrary to alltus usual habits, was late for dinner, and at length arrived the most admirably anected agitation. hy, Mr. Curran, you have kept us a full hour waiting dinner lor you, grumbled out Lord Avon- more. Un, my dear lord, 1 regret it much you must know it is not my custom but I've just been witne6- mg a most melancholy occurrence.
My God! you setm terribly moved by it; take a glass 01 wine. hat was it hat was it I will tell you, my lord, the moment I can col lect myself. 1 had been detained at court in the court of Chancery your lordship knows the Chan cellor sits late." I do I do but go on." Well, my lord, I was hurrying here as fast as I could I did not even change my dress I hope I snaa be excused tor coming in my boots. Poh, poh, never mind your boots the point come at once to the point of the story. Oh, I will, my good lord, in a moment.
I walked here I would not even wait to get the carriage ready it would have taken time, you know. Now there is a market exactly in the road by which I had to pass your lordship may perhaps recollect the market, do you To be sure I do go on, Curran go on with the story." I am very glad your lordship remembers the market, for 1 totally forgotlhe name of it the name the name What the devil signifies the name of it, sir It's he Castle Market." Your lordship is perfectly right, it is called the Castle Market Well, I was passing through that verj' identical Castle Market, when I observed a butcher preparing; to Jkill a calf. He had a huge knife in his hand it was as sharp as a razor. The "calf was standing behind him he drew his knife to plunge it into the animal Just as he was in the act of doing so, a little boy about four years old his only son, the loveliest little boy I ever saw ran suddenly across. his path, and he killed oh, my God he killed" The child the child 1 the child vociferated Lord Avonmore.
"No, my lord, thecal continued Curran, very cooly he killed the calf, but your lordship is in the habit of anticipating." The universal laugh was thus raised at his lordship and Curran declared that, often afterwards, a first impression was removed more easily from the Court of Exchequer by the recollection of the calf in vasue Market than by all the eloquence of the entire profession. FdfcooT He OTBfcR 'AjriS! Tom, Vhodid you aay our friend B. married WelL he married forty thousand dollaiTM AerptherrMtne." 6f'bestDWinjr he 1 fotheopular heart is6Ae of the mainstays of demJ- bcratic It is tha trump card their" successWere they to stand upon the moral, honest, upright and staghtibrward policy of the whigs in this respect they Hoi exist an hour as a dominant Tens tods iif 'yotes that Vent to swell Gen Piercets, major- the sight of Heaven and earth. Hencothe necessity put upon -them of trumping un apparent reasons and justifications; hence the1 two-penny inventions of Maws and progress, and such trasny contrivances an insult to the conscience and intellectual sanity of the age." Of all the attempts made to justify and recom mend the progress by a leading and vigorous section of the democracy to the acceptance of the American people, we have never seen one that will hold water. They are all inconsistent with morals, witn duty, with honor, "character, and the professed principles of our republican system from its inception.
Within the past fifteen years we have nationally taken two steps which have resulted, thus far, apparently to our advantage. But this disadvantage certainly attends them they stimulate to further enterprises of the same questionable kind. And, quite possibly, it is just here that the danger lies. They may act, by their apparent impunity, as incentives to further deeds, fraught perhaps with penalties heavy enough for currrent and past offences." The result of the earlier and of the more recent elections at the South appears to have convinced the leading journals of the whig party that there is no longer any hope of a successful assault upon the administration upon the ground of the policy pursued in its appointments the single ground upon which the opposition at first rested its attacks. The above paragraphs from the American, presenting a fair specimen of the general tone of the more violent whig presses on the subject, indicate clearly enough the second chosen pretext upon which the announced policy of the administration and of the democratic party is now to be attacked.
The traditional democratic doctrine in regard to the territorial expansion of the United States is the ground upon which the administration is to be arraigned before the people. No issue can be imagined which the democratic party will more cheerfully accept! On no single point of its policy, as hitherto developed, has the administration carried with it a more immense and irresistablc popular approval. The doctrine of the adminstration and of the democratic party on this subject is set forth by the President with the most admirable frankness, clearness, and comprehension in his Inaugural Address. That doctrine is, in the first place, that our national policy towards all foreign powers is the policy of peace and justice, and that neither with a view to territorial acquisition, nor in aay other view, shall our government take any step, or within the sphere of its power permit any step to betaken by our citizens, which, upon grounds of strict right and of absolute good faith, may not boldl7 challenge the verdict of the civilized world. That doctrine is, in the second place, that our experience as a nation forbids any timid forebodings of evil to result from the extension of our territory when accomplished in conformity with the rule of our national policy thus laid down and that the exigencies of our position indicate such acquisitions as inevitable in the future, and as demanded at once by our prosperity, our safety, and the natural law of our national existence and growth.
For more than fifty years the whig party of the country, under its various names, has made war upon this doctrine, and has insisted that to extend the jurisdiction of our government was in itself a great evil and a great peril. Upon three signal occasions' those of the successive acquisitions of Louisiana, of Texas, and of California this battle between the two parties was fought out to the last; and the whole history of politics shows no other instance in which, by the course of discussion at the time, by the subsequent teaching of event and experience, and, finally, by the universal popular acknowledgement, the statesmanship of a great national party has proved itself to be so wholly at fault and in the dark as was the policy of the whig party upon each of these momentous issues. The proof of this is, that no one statesman of any partjadn our country, and no wise and liberal statesman anywhere, pretends pow to stand up and deny that whether judged as a matter of right or as a matter of expediency whether regarded in the light of political morals or of political economy each of these great acquisitions has been alike honorable and advantageous to this country, and that each of them hasormed a conspicuous forward step in the progress of civilization and of good government. In fact, the whig argument, as clearly stated above by the American, is, that each of these acquisitions has proved to be so wholly wise that its example will betray us into folly so wholly just that its example will lead us into crimt so wholly safe that its example will carry us intorZ; so wholly profitable that its example will plunge us into penalty We have deemed it proper thus to point out the folorn predicament of the whig party before this question of our territorial progress, because it seems to explain, in some measure, the unexampled enormity of misrepresentation and falsehood to which a portion of the whig press and some of the whig leaders have resorted in order to fasten upon the administration the charge of having, through one of the members of the cabinet the Attorney General a-vowed, upon a recent occasion, the opinion that it is the policy, the destiny, or the doom of this country, with a view to its territorial aggrandizement, to stride on from one act of national murder and robbery to another, till it shall find no more conquests to make, or till it shall fall before the vengeance which such a course of national criminality must invoke from the justice of the Most High! Now, of course, it is utterly impossible for any man to beliere that any statesman in this land favors any such policy as this; and yet we find even so staid and sober a whig journal as the Baltimore American openly charging it not only uj 1 Gen. Cushing but upon the whole administration.
Here is its language false and malignant enough, and yet more decent than that of the New York Tribune and several of its kindred prints. Speaking of Gen. Cushing's speech at Newark, the American says He assumed that if we do not go on to appropriate the foreign territory that abuts us, we shall go out like an exhausted candle. Hence the law of self preservation impels and justifies any amount of land stealing we may deem convenient, which, according to Mr. Cushing, is to continue as long as we are a nation.
Now, is it not fair to hold the administration, as a whole, responsible for these sentiments in all their length, breadth, and consequences? For aught we know to the contrary they were sp.okpn to order; ruminated and prepared for the At least they have never been rebuked. The Union in referring to them only vindicated them from being 'republican but substantially endorsed all that is mischievous under the latitudinous and hypocritical cloak of considerations of Tae-ping, thechief of the Chinese in his path to conquest, curiously contrasts with the great law-adviser of the government of the United States. The one marches under the shadow of the Christian's Bible the other counsels us to 4 march, march, march from battle field to battle field, conquering and to according to the law of existence of 4 ancient Now, the remarks of Gen. Cushing, upon the occasion referred to, have never been, so far as we know fully or authoritatively reported, but as they stand in the hasty and necessarily imperfect version of the reporters, their sense and hearing are not to be misunderstood. Gen.
Cushing- declares that even as it was the mission of republican Rome in her best days to extend law and civilization over Europe by 'the only agency adequate in that age to such a result the swordso, by the Divine benediction, itis the appointed mission of our republic, by the justHhd pacific agencies resulting front our principles 'nd system, and fitted to our age, to extend the enlightenment of our example and the" sway of dur matitu- tiona throughout the sphere of eftr national ana over toe wnoie region ot our just nationargrowf h. This is the doctrine resultingjrom the principles laid down, in the -President's Inaugural, "which all the meraherrflf the dministratioll are alike understood to approve; and this isr the doctrine avowfetf in the speech of Gen. Cushing at Newark. gating the fairest portions of -continents by the sword. it is a doctrine which, hurries noiniugwiiicu v- pitates hbthmgWhicnTespects au xaai oewpgH thrt incalculable blesRinfi-B of national'1eace and the Bupreme obligations of national faith.
ut it is, at the Bahie time, a doctrine which TindTcates'all the; rights and asserts all the destiny of our free government? a doctrine which, to Our unspeakable honor, and advantage, the American democracy has hitherto triumphantly vindicated, and of which, while the present administration is in power, assuredly not one jot nor tittle shall fall to the ground. Washington Union. Kentucky Regard for fair Plat. In the year 1838 I was travelling with a strolling theatrical com- pany, ana arriving at a small town in iveuiucy, was resolved to treat the inhabitants to a bit of the legitimate. A suitable place rhaving been secured, notices were stuck up informing the public that on that evening would be performed, by one of the best theatrical companies in the Union, the admired and popular drama of 44 William TelL the.
Heroic Swiss." Night came and the room was crowded oy an anxious audience, many of whom had nver witnessed a theatrical performance. The piece passed off very well, eliciting much applause, and enlisting the sympathies of the audience in behalf of Tell, as they took several occasions to cheer the patriot on. When the shooting scene came great excitement was manifested among the group of the hardy sons of Kentucky they began to think that the thing was real. At that moment when Tell remonstrates with Gesler for havi picked out the smallest apple, and the tyrant says 44 Take it as it is thy skill be greater if thou hittest it" To which Tell replies 44 True, true, I did not think of that Give me some chance to save my boy 1" One of the group I have mentioned a hardy sapling who would measure full six feet two inches in his stockings sprung upon the stage confronting Gesler, and shouted 44 Give him a fair chance I vow to snakes it's too mean to make him shoot his son 'spose I let him shoot one of my niggers or if that won't do, I'll let him have a crack at me, provided he puts a pint cup on my head instead of that cussed little apple It is almost useless to add that this caused a scene especially as three or four of the Kentuckian's friends jumped upon the stage to back him and side with Tell. It took some time to pacify and assure them that it was a play.
44 Well, stranger, we won't stand any foul play in these diggings and seem' as how it's only a show, why, we'll step out," and the valiant Kentuckian, as well as his friends, resumed their seats. Sombthikg to Make Americans Pkoud No true American can read the following compliments induced by Capt. Ingraham's conduct in the Costa affair without feeling his heart swell with pride. The London Advertiser uses the following language "'The mother may learn profitable lessons from her daughter. Young America sets examples to Old England, which it were well for the latter to imitate.
The United States, though in their infancy as compared with the nations of Europe, not only possess greater vigor than any other country under the sun, but, having the giant's strength, the Republic knows how to wield it for her own interests and her own honor. America is no craven country. She has courage, and she knows when and how to display it. No power will insult her with impunity. She has not only a quick perception of what is an affront, but she loses not a moment in resenting it.
We say, what all see, that America can, and that she will, protect her citizens and guests. She has no standing army she has scarce a navy, but her flag is safe upon every sea, and th name of 44 American," and the passport of America, is a warrant from affront and outrage. Unarmed, unharmed, she takes her place among the nations, and is treated with respect and awe. We saw this in the Hungarian war, when Daniel Webster made the Austrian Government abjectly eat the leek. We see it again now.
The reason is plain. America represents that principle of liberty that makes every people her ally. American statesmen speak and write in the interest of a country, not of a class. The act of this American captain is the theme of England, of Germany and France. Their journals express what the people feel.
Even the Charivari jests no more, but shouts, "Long live America!" The Charivari proceeds 44 The refugees, the Pariahs, the maligned of Europe, are living men once more. America claims these waifs of liberty, and offers them the safeguard of her flag. The hulks of Austria, motionless, beneath the pointed cannon of America, render up their victims. The noble conduct of her marine at Smyrna is a great fact in history. The news of the demand of M.
de Costa by her Minister at Constantinople, set the seal upon her magnanimity. March forward, Young America, in humanity's cause, and shout that rallying shout, 44 Go which makes every heart beat high!" Italy. I have gone over these little things, because they are the best illustration of Italian character. In just about this proportion. are ite music, and scenery, and beggars, and wretches mingled.
It is a land of great contrasts. The people, with their poetry and music, seem to be like a speculator in an old Athenian temple, selling its rich ornaments that were the objects of his ancestors affection and reve-rance, like the trinkets of a toy shop. The language of Italy was made by poets and is of itself sufficient to render its people effeminate. It has made them excessively polite, but I do not like their style. I had rather have one good, hearty English 44 good night" than all the 41 felicissma seras" in Itaty.
The beauty of its women is overdrawn, if one can judge from those of Geona, which travellers have generally lauded very much. You would see more beautiful ladies in one single walk up Broadway of a May afternoon than I have encountered for six months in Geona, and I have seen abont all. The truth is, we have derived our ideas of Italy from England, which is not distinguished for its beautiful women. Accustomed to the light hair and fair complexion of the Saxon race, the English fall in raptures at sight of the dark-eyed beauties of the South. The same is true of climate.
Coming from the fogs of London, where the sun seems made in vain, they are in estacics at the bright heavens of Italy. The sky is at times like a sapphire dome, and its blue often of a peculiar tinge but the difference between it and our own is not so great as many imagine. Its singing has not been exaggerated. It seems as natural for an Italian to sing as it does for a duck to swim, and he enjoys music with a relish we are ignorant of. Some favorite air from Bellini or Rossini will be hummed by an urchin in the streets, or ground out by one of those hand-organs that meet you at every turn.
They are, after all, a happy people and, like the French, seem to live only for the present. The United States they consider as out of the world, and its inhabitants only half civilized. They shrug-the shoulder when you speak of its frost, and sing on in their own mild climate. An Italian speculator the other day was inquiring of me how cold New York was, for he had had the intention of trying to grow mulberry-trees in it. I told him the thermometer didn't generally fall more than 20deg.
below zero. "Per Baccho," said he, with an expression and a shrug, as if he already felt the ice around him. Out of a hundred youths who spend their time in idleness and folly, not more than one, if as many will ever be a useful or a thriving man. When once the propensity to idleness becomes a habit, and labor to be considered a disgrace, we would not give a farthing for that man's usefulness in life. Wc do not care whether a young man has wealth or not.
It is a decree from Heaven that by the sweat of the face man shall earn his bread, and none can slight the decree with impunity. T3Wbn s-Dbath in Church. -As the congregation of thewMcthodist.Church Camdm' m. rising from the attitude of prayer, on-Sunday even- lu6t uwuceu max iaay remained ouher knees. Those in her vicinity gently nudged hervlut without enect auo; atdoser examination revealed jthe facC I It 4' if Y.
mat sue was a Chambers Edmburg t'Tt'fe k. .4:. 7 -w 1 i 'I ir.
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