The Spokesman-Review from Spokane, Washington on August 15, 1945 · 1
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The Spokesman-Review from Spokane, Washington · 1

Spokane, Washington
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 15, 1945
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I Mt Weather forecastSpokane and 14; cinityPartly cloudy today, continued warm, expected maximum near 90. Tuesday's high, 92 at 3 p. m.; low, 55 at 6 a. m. 63D YEAR. NO. 93. U ,(Continued on page 2 , colunm Byrnes Relays Orders to Japan Through Swiss Legation , By ASSOCIATED PRESS. WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.President Truman tonight dispatched through Secretary of States Byrnes an order for the Japanese government to stop the war on all fronts. The dispatch was sent through the Swiss government, being turned over tothe Swiss legation here a few minutes after 7 o'clock. Following is the text of the message of Secretary of State Byrnes to the Swiss government with instructions for the formal Japanese surrender: "Sir: 'With reference to your communication of today's aate, transmitting the reply of the Japanese government to the communication which I sent through you to the Japanese government on August 11 on behalf of the governments of the United States, China, the United kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Re-'Publics, which I regard as full acceptance of the Potsdam declaration and of my statement of August 11, 1945, I have the honor to inform you that the President of the United States directed that the following message be sent to you for transmission to the Japanese government: ORDERS TO JAPAN. t"You are to proceed as follows: " Direct prompt cessation of hostilities by Japanese forces, informing the supreme commander for the allied powers of the effective date and hour of such cessation. '2. Send emissaries at once to the supreme commander for the allied powers with information of the disnosition of the Japanese forces and commanders, and fully empowered to make any arrangements directed by the supreme commander for the allied powers to enable him and his accomnanying forces to arrive at the place designated by him to receive thq formal surrender. " '3. For the purpose of receiving such surrender, and the carrying of it into effect. Gen. of the Army Douglas MacArthur has been designated as the supreme commander for the allied powers, and he will notify the Japanese government of the time, pit-ice and other details of the formal surrender.' "Accept, sir, the renewed assurances of my high . consideration. "JAMES F. BYRNES, Secretary of State." NO EXCITEMENT IN PARIS. (Copyright, 1945, by Chicago Tribune.) PARIS, Aug. 14.Paris took the Tokyo announcement that Japan had capitulated and that six years of world warfare were over without any demonstrations or excitement this afternoon. The boulevards were crowded with American G. Ls on leave from assembly areas near here, but the celebrations were not much beyond usual. Yanks in front of the Rainbow Corner Red Cross club put out a big basket and started taking a collection for the Red Cross. The basket soon was heaped with bank notes. Neighboring cafes late this evening had signs up that there was no more cognac available. SIRENS SOUND IN HONOLULU. HONOLULU, Aug. 14. (AP)The same air raid sirens which signaled the Japanese attack on Pearl ' Harbor, starting the war, sounded the end of the struggle today. They set off a celebration of gigantic pronortions. Honolulu, which had been celebrating the war intermittently since the initial Japanese surrender of- fer last Friday night, still had an abundance of steam to let off when surrender became official. Church bells, firecrackers and the blasts of whistles from ships in the harbor vied with the screaming , sirens to inform thousands of service men, war workers and residents that Japan had capitulated. Sailors, marines and soldiers started impromptu parades amid the downpour of wastepaper and confetti from downtown buildings. Police were helpless and traffic snarled everywhere. Stores closed until Thursday. The official parade will be staged Wednesday. Officials said Honolulu's own V-1 day will be Wednesdayin advance of the national observance, because "the war started here, and should end here first." Police decreed bars and liquor stores would remain open as long as order was maintained. ACCEPT, "SIGHT UNSEEN." WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. (AP)Britain, Russia and China today agreed with the United States to accept Japan's surrender notewithout ever see. ing it. The agreement was worked out verbally by Secre. tarv of State Byrnes in a world-wide telephone call - 'which he made from the Pentagon building late this afternoon. Ho talked with officials in London, Moscow and Chungking, told them of a report on the enemy message which he had received by tele WEDNESDAY MORNING. Spokane Streets Are Crowded With Celebrants as Happy Hour Comes Prim r.37 - 477:717-77t,. 7, 74114 TIT :77 r' .YI'1,,,.1,4w . , Part of Spokane's V-.1 day celebration as soldiers, sailors and civilians gathered at Howard and Riverside to watch the excitement and streams of confetti that floated down from office SPOKANE GOES 1,11) PER NEWS RADAR STRIPPED OF ITS SECRECY Astounding, Feats of War's Mast Vital Weapon Told. By Associated Press. WASHINGTON, Aug. it Most Of the wraps on radarthe most remarkable defensive and ottensive weapon of the warwere lifted today by American and British allies, who declared the development should prove as valuable in peace as it has been in conflict. Radar, whose name stancl, for "radio detection and ranging," has been one of the top secrets of the war and very little has been written about it in this country. Civilian scientists of the navy, as far back as 1922, were doing research of the type that led to the development of radar' independently in the United States, England, France and Germany during the 1930s. Britain was the first nation to employ it operationally. Uses Radio Echoes. Today military and scientific leaders of Britain and the United States disclosed all that can be told now of the device that detects objects by means of radio-wave echoes in somewhat the same way we can detect an unseen cliff by uttering a shout and listening for the echo. The facts released by our armed forces and the office of scientific research and development (OSRD) and the British information service in this country relate the story of an electronic "cat's eye" that can see through darkness, fog, smoke and the thickest clouds. It is the story of something that has rendered sea and air navigation virtually fool-proof, thus presaging a new era of safety for civilian transport by sea and air when the war is won. (Radar's application to land transport is still a question mark.) It is the story Of an entirely new dimension in warfarethe ability to shoot accurately at an unseen enemy and to trace his advance long before he comes into view, It is the story of radar sets ranging in size from a tiny one that can be strapped to the leg of a paratrooper up to giant land. based instruments that allow ships and aircraft to plot their positions from more than 1000 miles out to sea. Can Trace Shells. It is the story of instruments so sensitive they can trace the flight of a projectile from a naval gun and even show when it strikes the unseen target miles away or splashes to a "miss." It's the story of the growth of a new United States industry from one which hardly existed in 1910 to one that had delivered approximately $2.700.000,000 in equipment to the army and navy by July 1, 1945. There were only 20 ships of our fleet equipped with radar at the time of Pearl Harbor. It is the story of how radar saved Britain during the "blitz" by enabling her to hushand the strength of her valiant few fighter planes until the enemy was sighted by the magic eye of science. And it's the story. quickening in pace with the crescendo of battle, of how radar helped eliminate the submarine menace, how it helped deliver the knockout punch of our (Continued on page Zs column Z.) MACARTHUR THANKFUL, JAP STRUGGLE OVER SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. let (A0)-- Gen. MacArthur, assigned to accept Japan's surrender, has been officially notified of the enemy's capitulation, N. B. C. Correspondent Merrill Mueller radioed to. night. "I thank a merciful God that this mighty struggle is about to end," he quoted MacArthur as saying. "I shall at once stop hostilities and further bloodshed. The inagnificent men and women who have fought so well for victory will return to their homes in due course and resume their civilian pursuits. "They have been good soldiers in war. May they be equally good citizens in peace." I toll SUNK; T OS T OST By Associated Press. PELELIU, Palau Islands, Aug. 5. (Delayed.)The 10,0004on cruiser Indianapolis was sunk in less than 15 minutes, presumably by a Japanese submarine, 12 minutes past midnight July 30 and 883 crew members lost their lives In one of the navy's worst disasters She went down In the Philippines sea. - The fatal torpedo attack came without a second's warning. Two explosions flashed out of her bow. She quivered while flames streaked like a white, searing torch down passageways all through her slim hull. In less than 15 minutes the Indianapolis was gone; 10,000 tons of "proud and happy" ship plunged headfirst into the sea. 315 Survive Death. Nobody outside the oir-covered circle of men and debris in the water knew her fate until after a Peleliu search plane led the way to the rescue of the 315 men who survived five days in the sea. Nearly 700 men went down with the ship. Hundreds more jumped off the cruiser's rearing side in timebut many were without life preservers or rafts, without clothing, without hope of remaining afloat for long. A total of 883 crew members lost their lives. Survivors believe two underwater torpedoes smashed into the starboard side near the bow of the 14- year-old cruiser, setting off one'of the eight-inch gun magazines. Gun crews manned their stations and stayed there while the ship pitched over violently. Radiomen tried desperately to get nut a message to all ships' stations"Hit. Position longitude , latitude ' Need immediate assistance." But it was no use; the ship's power was dead and radio keys clicked futilely the words that might have saved hundreds of lives. Minutes of Agony. When the skipper, Capt. Charles Butler McVay III. of Washington, D. C., saw the badly listing ship was going fast, he had the "Abandon ship' order passed by word of mouth through the darkened, fire. scaled compartments of the 610- foot ship. What happened In the last 15 minutes aboard the Indianapolis was a living nightmare of flames, explosions, of men screaming, of others making near-miraculous escapes, of watching the one-time Fifth fleet flagship of Adm. Raymond A. Spruance founder helpless!), and disappear. )POKEZ AUGUST 15, 1945. windows. Blaring horns sounded from the cars that cruised down the streets or lined up in near-traffic jams, and blended with the shrill shouts of "The war's over!" PHAN GUILTY; DEATH HIS FATE Court Orders Seizing of All Marshal's Property. By Associated Press. PARIS, Aug. 15 (Wednesday). F shal Henri Philippe Petain was convicted and sentenced to death early today by three judges and a 24-man jury, who deliberated almost seven hours. The high court of justice added it "hoped the sentence would not be executed." (This recommendation for clemency presumably will be considered by Gen. de Gaulle, president of the French provisional government.) Besides condemning the 89-yearold former chief of the Vichy state to death for "plotting against the internal safety of France," the court also sentenced him to national indignity and ordered confiscation of all his property. The lengthy judgment, read by Judge Mongibeaux, president of the court, went over the acts of collaboration of the Vichy government with Germany point by point and laid their responsibility at Petain's feet. Gist of Verdict. The court found Petain guilty of attacking the security of the state and intelligence with the enemy and of trying to overthrow the republican regime of France. While recognizing that many of Vichy's acts were not committed directly by Petain, the judgment said he "must be held responsible for acts committed under his authority." The case was given the Jury at 9:15 p. m. last night (3:15 p. m. Monday E. W. T.) and the sentence was announced shortly after 4 a. rn. this morning. In his last statement before the deliberations began Petain told the jury emotionally, "On the thresh. hold of death I swear that I always served France." The 89-year-old defendant rose In the prisoner's dock for his final plea and afterward the crowded little courtroom echoed With applause until the ermine-robed president of the court quieted the demonstration and ordered the jury to begin deliberations on the issue whether Petain was guilty of "plotting against the internal safety of France." P. U. D.S SEEK TO BUY P. S. P. & L. PROPERTIES SEATTLE, Aug 14. (P)Frank McLaughlin, president of Puget Sound Power and Light company, said today he had received an offer from public power interests for purchase of the company's properties. He said the offer, long expected,i was for 518 a share for the corn pany's common stock and was !I signed by public utility districts1 in Chelan, Cowlitz. Douglas, Grant, Kitson, Lewis, Mason, Pacific,, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston and Whatcom counties. Tarr SUGAR RULING. SEATTLE, Aug. 14. (P)The OPA district office today protested "vigorously" the indefinite suspen-, sion of home canning sugar coupons in the six western states. Local rationing boards were instructed to continue accepting applications for processing when the suspension Is, lifted and new quotas establishedo OF PEACE Confetti Floats Fr-0m Windows as Auto Sirens Blow. PRICE FIVE CENTS Solid Wave of Sound. Then automobile horns began to blow. In a few moments their blasts became a solid wave of sound In downtown streets. Their noise drowned out the shouting, and even the noise of the siren atop city hall. A storm of confetti still more came down. Thousands upon thousands of Americans, deliriously happy after the long. bitter years of war, gave way to their emotions openly and unashamedly. It was no uncommon sight to see people crying, but smiling happily at the same time, on the streets. The long-awaited end of fighting had comeand it was "official" at last. Church Bells Clang. The news spread less rapidly In residential sections. But it was sped by the clangor of church bells and by shouts in the streets. Many a housewife raced to her telephone to call friends. Downtown streets, which had been comparatively free of auto. mobile traffic, became packed with cars less than half an hour after the news broke. And every driver, it seemed. leaned on his horn. Patrons in many downtown the. aters, not notified of what had happened, sat calmly viewing the screen until they became aware of the noise outside. They, too, then joined the celebration, pouring from theater entrances. Air Raid Sirens Fail. Fire department sirens on city hall and in the various precinct stations shrieked out the news of peace. But oddly enough the huge steam "air raid" sirens, which were to be sounded in event of emergency, failed to function. The batteries controlling the monsters were "burned out," firemen said, somewhat sheepishly. Among the first to spread the glad news in the downtown area were scores of newsboys who raced from The Spokesman-keview plant into the streets, shoutitw , "It's all over! The war 8 over!" Calls flooded The Spokesman. Review's switchboard. Almost invariably, callers asked anxiously: (Continued on page 6. column 1.) This Issue of Great Historical Value This Issue of The Spokesman. Review should be retained by readers for historical purposes. In addition to the President's statement announcing the unconditional surrender of the Japanese, there are two cornplete pages of pictures showing the development of the war in the Pacific, beginning with the sneak attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor. and historical resumes of the war. Save your copy. SPOKANE, WASH. Japs Accept Terms Sans Quibble or Hedging, President's View (See full pages of picture pages 7 and 16.) By ASSOCIATED PRESS. WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 (Wednesday).The war is overt President Truman announced at 7 p. m. last night the unconditional capitulation of Japan and named Gen. of the Army Douglas A. MacArthur to receive the formal surrender. V-I day will then be proclaimed. The signing, presided over by MacArthur and other allied war leaders, will take place at a date yet to be fixed. It may be aboard the United States battleship Missouri, named for Mr. Truman's home state. This, however, remains undecided. From the moment of the President's announcement, the world put aside for a time woeful thoughts of the cost in dead and dollars and celebrated wildly. Shouting, shoving throngs jammed streets across the nation far into the morning. EMPEROR'S RULE GONE. It was a suddenly called White House news conference that touched off these celebrations. To reporters crammed into his office, shoving now-useless war maps against a marble mantel, the President disclosed that: Japan, without ever being invaded, had accepted completely and without reservation an allied declaration of Potsdam dictating unconditional surrender. Gen. Douglas MacArthur had been designated supreme allied commander, the man to receive surrender. There is to be no power for the Japanese emperor although allies will let him remain their tool. No longer will the war lords reign, through him. Hirohitoor any successorwill take orders from MacArthur. , HIROHITO EXPLAINS. (From Tokyo just before midnight (E. W. Ti came a broadcast saying Emperor Hirohito had told the Japanese people by radio that the allies had begun "to employ a new and most cruel bomb"the atomic bomband that to continue to fight "would lead to the total extinction of human civilization." "Such being the case, how are we to save the mil Spokane went wild at 4 o'clock "to employ a new and most cruel bomb"the atomic yesterday afternoon. It was at that moment that of. bomband that to continue to fight "would lead to ficial word of JElpan's surrender the total extinction of human civilization." was announced. The long-awaited news spread over the city in a "Such being the case, how are we to save the mild wave of emotion. In the downtown section rear- lions of our subjects; or to atone ourselves before the tion was immediate. People I LA poured into the streets from office I 1-allowed spirits of our imperial ancestors? This is , tion was immediate. People I poured into the streets from officelhallowed spirits of our imperial ancestors? This LI buildings and stores. For the first the reason we have ordered the acceptance of the few moments there was little I. noise. It was almost as if people joint declaration of the powers." were stunned at receiving the final( word they had prayed for so long.( MAZES SHORT SPEPrit MAKES SHORT SPEECH. As the great news 'became known Washingtonians raced to the White House to join hundreds already massed around the grounds. Mr. Truman, accompanied by his wife, walked out on the porch and stepped up to a hastily erected mi swirled - down from windows of1-" --,-- 1--;;,--- --I-1-- -z- - .----'1 ---- -- high buildings as office workers'cropnone. He waved and smiled. Then he spoke: gave vent to their joy. Torn paper blanketed sdewa1ksr "Ladies and gentlemen. this is the great day. This within a matter of minutes. And is the day we have been looking for since December Qtill morn mama &limn i 7, 1941. "This is the day when Fascism and police government ceases in the world. "This is the day for the democracies. "This is the day when we can start on our real task of implementation of free government in the world. "We are faced with the greatest task we ever have been faced with. The emergency is as great as it was on December 7, 1941. "It is going to take the help of all of us to do it. I know we are going to do it." For millions of Americans, for hundreds of millions of allied people, his surrender announcement signifled victory, peace and the eventual return of loved ones from war. To millions who sleep beneath stark white crosses it meant their sacrifices had not been in vain. For Japan, as for already vanquished Germany, it meant the end of savage conquest and aggression, dismemberment of an empire won by blood-spilling, disarmament and occupation. Once the Japanese sphere bad stretched from Attu to Timor and Java and India. Once Japan kept half a billion people enslaved under iron rule and threatened to enfold another half-billion. Now she is defeatedwithout invasionbut at a terrific cost. For the United States, the price of victory in World war II. was more than a million casualties, an expenditure of some $300,000.000.000. CROWD OF REPORTFIS. The President first made the historic announcement to a huge crowd of reporters who had been virtually living in the White House for days in an. ticipation of just such a development. Smiling and surrounded by his staff, the President told the press that the Japanese had decided to accept unconditional surrender and mentioned that the reporters would not have to take any notes. Mr. Truman said prepared statements would be available as they left and three were issued, one (icletailing MacArthur's appointment and containing Acouullued en page Ze column 64 , 'A; 5 t't .4. . VONIIILA t 4 ' ,,.. , i k . . ) . . ' . . ' . ' 1 63D YEAR. NO. 93. , , i : ' Weather forecastSpokane crnd vi- -- - ' ' ' cinityPartly cloudy today, contin- at , , ued warm. expected maximum near ., , 91 Tuesday's high, 92 at 3 p. m.; low, 55 at 6 a. m. , I ImilE POKES 4 WEDNESDAY MORNING. AUGUST 15 19 , 45. FiVIIPRICEEFIV)C:N'TS . SPOKANE, WASH. I: r771 - . '-'1. 1 ril In t t J n t r C) t if . '''" '10r) n c , ,.11 1 ) ',,, ', 4 i, , Ar; :, 'I( iiiriTtitt ,-; rill i rile Grir i,, 51rifi),J-, 't'' 4,:.). qtLir,t, N4 li flail ' -, 17,-; j 51, :a itotei-)(,) (i7;,,,11 tt, li u ,..;,,p. ju ti LC u u . , r , j Li Li , . ., t,,, tz, , 11 1 1 t - ' LI ' 't " I f L' 1 1.1 ) LI J 1'..7 Nk',L., ' ',,Iii n i 1 t J. jiir iiri, r7 t 1 '- , ,2r7Nrif,...1rljpit!,;411 1.1t1 ) , ;4 :t f ' n , 0 ri 9 rl rl 11 V1,3 . I ' ' III I " (74 11 , k ,. . 11 r , 1" 1 f ' (ri 1 I t I 11 i 1 1 I 1 '---A 1 1 ' ' , ; . ' ''' ,, (-: ( ..1.- t4.,,f 43 LiRov it ., i. , j r C 1 .'' , ; t , ,. 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