P»ge Ten • • Blyiheville (Ark.) Courier News - Saturday, June 8, 19IT ' Silence on Middle East Necessary? LBJ's By JAMES MAKLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - Silence is like a headache: You never hear it happen and only realize it's there gradually. President Johnson has been almost totally silent on the Middle East crisis. If that seems strange, it shouldn't. It is only tfie latest example of the tightlipped policy he has been following for momths. In this particular case it may have been necessary for Johnson and his whole administration to clam up wliile they try to work out a solution behind the scenes. If he said anything supporting Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, it might take the starch out of the Israelis. If he flatly backed Israel, it might render Nasser so self-conscious, with the Arab world watching, that he would feel compelled to take drastic action in defiance. And one good reason for Johnson's not making any threats is the fact that he has to worry about the unpredictable Soviets, since he can't be sure what their interests are in this crisis or even whether they stirred up tde whole thing. But this is quite a different Johnson from the one who kept dashing before the television cameras, almost panting with pronouncements, at the start of the Dominican Republic crisis in 1965. If there's any explanation for the difference between the Johnson of 1965 and the Johnson of today it lies in some undisclosed decision to make a complete switch in tactics. This seems a realistic conclusion because the switch has been so obvious. In the Dominican case, perhaps Johnson's worst public re- lations performance, he was criticized on two counts: for intervening at all although he said it was to prevent a Communist takeover; and for those repeated, excited-looking appearances on television. If he had to do it over again Johnson no doubt would use the troops because he was convinced of the Communist danger. But he probably would limit his public appearances. The bad reaction he got at the time apparently didn't dent his eagerness to talk and explain to the American public. But after that his popularity in the opin- ion polls gradually went down. He must have decided on a severe change in the fall of 1966 when he took practically no part in the election campaigns. After the elections, bad for the democrats, he withdrew into almost total silence. The first glimpse of the new Johnson came in his news conference last Dec. 31. Instead of bubbling, as in the past, he limited himself to yes or no or matter-of-fact answers, a method he hadn't tried before. He !ias followed that system ever since although he has had a lot to say about the war in. Vietnam. But what has he said about the war? Nothfng flamboyant, that's for sure, and not much besides repeating that this country is always ready to talk peace if the North Vietnamese are. Oddly enough, Johnson's restraint about the war, his lack of threats, has probably made the North Vietnamese feel he is far tougher than they had im agued earlier. And for this reason: While be continues to express goodwill — at least to the extent of saying he wants peace — he intensified the war. Johnson's present-day sllenct • about his plans and much of his thinking is probably more truly a part of his nature than his bouncy talkativeness ever was. One has only to look back a few years to see why. . He wasn't a very talkative Democratic Senate majority leader from 1955 until he became vice president in 1961. But for getting things done he was oulstanding, probably the best Senate leader in history. He got his work done by conference, compromises, the arm- twisting. Me played the cards close to his chest. k out a solution cenma me i"e """"- ""••"• •__ __—— • Commune Indecision Reflects Past Incidents V* V • • • • • • *- . _ makes , ered n _ and brjght tractors for plowing, 10 for odd- and Mao's portrait EDITOR'S NOTE . Jtw or no Mao, land is China and China is land - the good earth that must feed 700 million People. Here are some glimpses of farming in the Communist style, as reported by a Japanese woman, a photographer, who has been touring the country. By CHIE NISHIO CHENGCHOW, China (AP) In this capital of Honan — one ef the richest of China's provinces—I saw a man who looked like a beggar. My interpreter told me he was a former rich land owner. Mao Tse-tuo' revolution has changed the face of the Chinese countryside. The beggared land owner is one example. The com- muners are a bigger one. We went to a comune near here with a population of 4,710 — 427 families, 1,450 workers. In 1937, the area was bombed by the Japanese and the farmers had to quit their villages in the van of the Japanese army. Once.all the land was owned ] mune outside Peking. by 18 people, we were told, and farmers were the beggars. First there was a farmers' association, then cooperatives and finally the comune 1958. October It grew many vegetables in hothouses during 1966, but it had to buy rice from the government. It hopes by 1969 to be self- sufficient in rice. The commune here is one of the smaller ones. The biggest I saw was the Red Star Corn- It has 55,000 people, 22,000 acres of land, and obviously is a showpiece. Short of water and short of iron pipes, it solved the problem by building cement pipes for irrigation. It possesses relatively few tractors — only 67 — grows 40,005 tons of vegetables a year, 14,000 tons of fruit, raises 5,000 head of cattle, 25,000 pings. It also has 11 small factories and 1,700 factory workers. A going concern — or so we were told — it makes powdered milk, vegetable oil, flour, tile, and steel nuts — but no bolts. It has 15 primary schools, 60 jun- dents, 3 theatres, 6 dispensaries, 14 doctors, 140 nurses. The Communist capital may have more banquets than the Nationalists ever did for this comune sends off 110,000 succulent Peking ducks to the festive boards each year. MORE MORE MORE MORE The assistant chief of the farm section who briefed us was 71 — and bright. Peking duck, we found, is big business. Eggs are artificially incubated, and 10,000 ducklings waddle info the commune each month on their way to the roasting pan. The "71 Comune" in Shanghai is something else again. It has a population of 15,792 persons, and 8,017 workers. Its 2,900 acres grow cotton, oil- bearing plants, vegetables, fruits, hemp, medicinal plants. It has milk cows, sheep, pigs, chickens, rabbits, a meager 15 tractors for plowing, 10 for odd- jobs. Despite all this activity, we saw very few people around. The nurseries for children were full.however. Though each of these communes has points of difference, the ones they share are tea and recitations from Mao's works. The 71 Comune's reception room was typical: a simple wood table, wooden, straight- backed chair, a white table cloth, tea cups of heavy ceramic inscribed with Mao quotations, and Mao's portrait. Comune 71 has had its ups and downs. In 1966, it followed Peking University's lead and began putting up wall posters. An anti-Red Guard movement developed and there was what is called a "struggle." The Red Guards put up pictures of Mao and lectured the commune committee. They were hauled off to a police station for their pains. There was evidence of some indecision at the comune dur- of the recent past had left their mark. Many Sound Off Against DST By HARRY KING One of the few complaints against Daylight Saving Time In Arkansas is the cows aren't clock watchers. "The farmers here don't like it," said Bill Schrader, Jeffer son County farm ageny. "It just sort of throws things out of kilter. Cows don't know the difference in regular time and daylight saving time. They give milk at the same time every morning." That would mean one hour later than usual. Farmers genrally were opposed to the change to DST this year but few persons connected with farming operations have heard official complaints "The farmers are just discus sing other things." said Bryon Huddleston, Southeast District agent. "I guess when they weigh their problems this jusl isn't one of the big ones." "The reaction has been very small here," said Pulaski Coun ty farm agent J. W. Laman "Generally the reception ha: been favorable. The only problem most o ours had was they tiiey worriet that if their machinery broke down in the afternoon they wouldn't be able to get it fixed and they would miss those day light hours." "It doesn't really make an> difference to the rice farmers,' said Henry Holly, farm agen in Arkansas County. "It doesn' make any difference wSiethei the sun comes up at four o five — they're going to work from sun to sun." The drive-in theatres wer also considered opponents o DST. Robin Wightman, spokesman for the Arkansas Amusemen Co. in Little Rock, finds th statistics slightly bewildering "At the present time, Day light Saving Time has no affected us adversely," sai .Wightman. "Actually our bus ness is up slightly." Businessmen who have neve had time for recreation in th evenings are finding they can get in an extra nine holes of golf now. That, in turn, produces some complaints. "I don't like it because it keeps my husband out playing golf and makes our supper too late," said one Little Rock housewife. A couple of Fayetteville residents also complained. "I'm working myself to death with this extra hour every day," said a grocery salesman. "If it did any good for anyone, I'd be for it but it doesn't do anything for anybody." "I hate it," said another Fayetteville resident flatly. "At bedtime, I'm wide awake. When it's time to get up I'm sleepy." Golf pros are among the non- complaiBers - the golf business is booming. I Another working mother said •WP had about 1500 green ltne exu ' a hour gave her m ° re We had anput i,auu greon . .... ses last week," said Paul .ewis, pro at Rebsamen Park a Little Hock. "That's com- ared to about 1,200 during a orresponding period last year. "One day last week we had 59 before 3 in the afternoon nd then we sold 150 more after Lewis said. "The increase of a chance to be with her child. A teen - aged girl said she couldn't see dating before it it was dark and then it was almost loo late. WUPPERTAL, Germany — Police here are now chasing traffic violators with s directly attributable to Day- Imotorcycles equipped with re- gat Saving Time. I like it... jcording cameras operated from more golfers, the more the handlebars. « u ,ness. It's a little rough in The equipment, which is povv- he evening when you don't get ered by the motorcycle's bat- lome until 9 or 10 but you can't ! tery, focuses at a distance of ripe when your business is the 140 feet. A powerful electronic est its ever been." jflash is built into the "pack" One Little Rock housewife jas well as a data - recording claimed it was difficult to put 'device which indicates the date, young children to bed early [time and the speed of the of- when it was daylight oulside. pending vehicle. AN AMERICAN FLYER held captive, according to information in this official Communist news photograph, is shown being led by his .North Vietnamese guards to be displayed before journalists recently at the International Club in Hanoi. The prisoner, his head swathed in bandages, was identified as Lt. Col. James Lmdberg Hughes of Iowa, stationed in Thailand. Beehive Bomb Blasts the Cong By TOM TIEDE Newspaper Enterprise Assn. KONTUM, Vietnam - (NBA) — It happened without warning. There were some shots and explosions. And in a dreadful instant the American camp was being overrun by dozens of suicidal enemy soldiers. The GIs were stunned. It could have been a disaster. But, fortunatley, it wasn't. As it happened, the U.S. unit, an -artillery battery from the 101st Airborne, was prepared, Al a preordained signal t h e crew of a 105mm howitzer leveled their tube directly at the onrushing terrorists. The gun fired once. Its report was almost ridiculously weak. dropped in lifeless heaps. Shocked and confused, those guerrillas who survived turned and ran for the jungle in stark terror. Their attack was hopelessly mutilated. They never knew what hit them. And what did hit them? U. S. technology did. In this case, the beehive bomb. The beehive, more officially the XM-546, is a recently declassified, three - foot - long artillery shell which can kill with such"eerie efficiency that it may well strangle the most fearsome stratagem in Oriental warfare — the human wave assault. The shell is simple enough, actually. A bit larger than a nor It sounded more like a pop-,mal 105 round, but no more ping tire than the boom of an expensive to make, its payload artillery piece. I c o n s i s t s of over 8,000 three- But it's effect was devastating. What was a wall of ranting enemy became a silent sea gram, inch-long darts. The darts, or flechettes, are uniformly packed in a row of of writhing bodies. Guerrilla I separate containers ... and cov- troops grabbed at their faces ! ered by a layer of shell casting and fell like rocks. 0 t h e r s | iron. gaped open - mouthed, groped In event of close-in fighting, helplessly with their hands, and I the shell can be set to explode S ER BHB 1 ^*. Strongman, of the Middle East for over a decade has been Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of the United Arab Republic. Beloved .by most of the Arab world, he has sometimes been a puzzling irritant to the West. Britain went on military alert at the Suez Canal zone, right, soon after Nasser came to power and pressed for Arab ownership of the canal. Violence erupted in 1956 when he nationalized the canal and was attacked by the French, British and Israelis. An adoring public has nearly mobbed Nasser on several occasions, as seen top left : shortly before he was elected ] president in 1954. To the West's dismay, he has been friendly through the years with members of the Com- U-?^ munist camp, such as Fidel ML* Castro, with whom he is *^*1 shown above. At right, 1967 ~ " has brought another mobili- . '• zation of forces for the '. Arabs, as border difficulties with Israel resulted in a new rush of equipment into the Sinai Peninsula. ';,*«&. ??w f' j»^*«fc2lRK.vW.. ,*™i:-T/.w^*-~ '* v-'»~i.... j -*o^/ft. ~-v~n Ships sunk in the canal during the 1956 hostilities blocked passage through the famous waterway for some months, until they could be cleared. Below, Nasser confers with UN Secretary-General U Thant about the current crisis. it less than five feet from the juntube. After blast, the 8,000 arts are hurled in a cone- hape direction with the veloci- y of rifle shots. The darts, stabilized with ins, hit head first. But on im- act with flesh they usually .umble. One flechette can shat- er a large bone. A half dozen vill tear a chunk of body com- letely away. Quite plainly, the results are rotesque. Those close to the unpoint can be shredded be- ond recognition ... and, in p usage here, enemy troops have been killed 200 meters from [round zero. "It's a God-awful weapon," ays one artillery captain. It is indeed. Even in tests he shell is terrifying. In a re- ent 101st experimentation, the 546 was aimed at scores if empty ammunition boxes, all f which were hit with such rightful force that most /eren't even knocked over ... ust demolished. In a stateside trial, a beehive vas shot at a football field lacked with several hundred lalloons ... all of w h i c h, hroughout the entire field, lopped as if they were one. Despite this awesome power, hough, the beehive is still only a small factor in a war whicli pend thousands of artillery ounds daily. Many units haven't even been ssued the round yet, and thosa hat have treasure it as price- ess. The 101st, as example, nubs wooden cartons and car- led its limited supply strictly >y hand. But the demand for the bee- liv is growing. And, too, is th lemand for its diversification. As of now, the shell is designated as a defensive weapon. Yet an airdroppable counter- iart of sufficient size could pre- iumably stop the charge of a jattalion. Infantrymen who've seen it envision darts in their hand grenades. And others feel that flechette - filled antipersonal mines are a natural. In fact, everybody wants it piece of the invention. Except the enemy, of course. Today In History Today is Saturday, June 3 the 154th day of 1967. There are 211 days left in the year Today's highlight hi history On this date in 1621, the Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands—now New York. On this date: In 1808, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was born In 1937, the Duke of Windsor was married in France to Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson of Bali timore. In 1940, the Allied evacuation of Dimkerque, France, was completed. In 1942, Japanese warplanes raided Dutch Harbor, Alaska. In 1944, American troops were pushing through the Alban Hills toward Rome, Italy. I" 1965, U.S. astronauts James A, McDivitt and Edward H. White — were shot into orbii in the Gemini 4 spacecraft.
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