Lancaster New Era from Lancaster, Pennsylvania on August 19, 1961 · 2
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Lancaster New Era from Lancaster, Pennsylvania · 2

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Lancaster, Pennsylvania
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Saturday, August 19, 1961
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2
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LANCASTER, PA., NEW ERA-SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1M1 n Johnson Says U.S. Will Stand Firm on Berlin (Continued from Page One) vive beyond the shadow of its eil strength. Wt-DETERMINED ttice president said Presi-derjt Kennedy and the American pedfJg-are determined to fulfill all our obligations and to honor allour commitments. tVe are not provocative, neither 'ard we frightened, Johnson declared. The American people hr. lie 'no genius for retreat, and we -not intend to retreat now. Fjropajthe airport Adenauer and Johpspa drove directly to Aden-aueV office in Palais Schaum-berg for a conference. Essentially, Johnsons mission to Bonn and Berlin is to convince Adenauer and West Berlin Mayor Wly, Brandt and their followers that, the United States is determined; to keep Berlin free territory;:;. BENlNP decision This, was said to be behind the Presidents decision to send an additional 1,500 troops to West Berlin. This move was regarded in administration quarters as demonstrating that not only was the United States willing to deposit more man power in the Berlin Bank but was capable of doing it on short notice. Accompanying Johnson on his trip were Charles E. Bohlen, special assistant to Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and Gen. Lucius D. Clay (ret.) who was U. S. military commander in Germany during the 1948-49 airlift. Johnson was greeted by large crowds that lined the streets of villages and small towns as he rode from the airport to Bonn. Flag-waving children and their elders gave Johnson a warm welcome. At Siegburg, the procession halted while hundreds surged about his car and he was presented a dozen carnations. The 1st Battle Group of the 8th Infantry Division moved out of its Sandhofen base near Mannheim at dawn and began heading through 110 miles of Red-dominated East Germany to Berlin. Men and vehicles to strengthen the British Berlin brigade were expected to begin arriving by train . later today. The French were expected to take similar action. TOKEN EXPANSION The Allied garrison in West Berlin now totals about 11,000 men and the size of the U.S. buildup would put it in the category of a token expansion. It was not immediately known how many men the British and French are sending in. Irt the Red-controlled part of the djvided city, the Communist press reported about 10,000 youths had volunteered for military service to. strengthen East Germanys 110,000-man army. The Communists also announced they were expanding their factory militia, a sort of hcm guard. HAILED BY PRESS ;The West Berlin press heralded Kennedys decision to send the vice president to Berlin. The free world has heard us, skid the tabloid B.Z. We have shaken it up. Today we will . . . welcome the guest from America, to hem1 from him what the government, what the people of America have to say to us. Other West Berlin papers also gave Streamer headlines to Johnsons visit. CARRIES MESSAGE Johnson carried a message from Kennedy to West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt who declared earlier this week that the West should hit back with political action as well as words against the Red squeeze on East German travel to West Berlin. Brandt said he was delighted Kennedy had decided to send the administrations No. 2 man for a first-hand look at this crisis-ridden city and called on West Berliners to give the vice president a warm welcome. Johnson was to attend a special session of the West Berlin parliament and also to address West Berliners from a City Hall balcony. CUT IN HALF The visit will give the vice president a unique opportunity to see for himself how the Communists have cut our city in half in unparalleled fashion a City Hall spokesman said. He referred to the six-foot-high concrete wall the Reds are erecting along the 25 miles of border separating West from East Germany. Johnson was accompanied by Gen. Lucius D. Clay Ret) former U.S. commander in Germany who was the chief architect of the airlift that defeated the 1948-49 Soviet blockade of Berlin. Also with Johnson was Charles E. Bohlen, Russian affairs expert, who was formerly U.S. ambassador to Moscow. TOUR IS PLANNED Johnson was expected to tour the Western side of the new Communist barrier. Informants said it had not been decided whether he will go into East Berlin. Johnsons visit and the ordering of additional U.S. troops to Berlin cam6 as a morale-booster to the West Berliners who have criticized the Western Allies for lack of action following the Reds border closure last Sunday. A" City Hall spokesman said 1 I Chaos on Split Street in Berlin Back Doors Barred; Soldiers On Duty; Concrete Wall Put Up By LYNN HEINZERLING BERLIN (AP) It is pure chaos in Harzer-strasse. Everything north of - Harzer-strasse is in Communist-ruled East Berlin. But the street and sidewalks are in West Berlin. The people living along the north side of the street have had the best of two worlds. Their back doors opened up on the bounteous life of West Berlin. Then a group of grim workmen nailed shut every door on Harzer-strasse and plastered brick walls inside the doors. Other workmen put rather ugly concrete walls across the end of the three side streets leading into Harzerstrasse from the north. Several hundred people living in the four-story apartment buildings along the street were consigned to the restrictions of Communist living. Communist police and soldiers took up positions on nearby roofs to see that nobody tried to jump out of windows. They also took up positions behind the walls in the street. And they laid barbed wire in one flower bed at a comer where the occupants might possibly jump six feet from a balcony to freedom. CLUMP THROUGH CABBAGES A little farther along the street Communist soldiers took up positions in some gardens, clumping through the neat cabbage patches and the petunias. All this resulted apparently from the fact that Harzerstrasse was a popular exit for fed-up East Berliners early in the week. The blocked-up doors and the new walls at the intersections attracted crowds all day. And the young Peoples Police and soldiers on the other side of the walls took a lot of heckling. Yesterday 10 of you men came over, shouted a man from the capitalist side of the wall. Maybe therell be more. Maybe, said one of the soldiers. An aged and bent little lady who had come 25 miles to see a friend Brandt and all West Berliners welcomed Kennedys decision to strengthen the U.S. garrison as a visible underlining of the importance of the U.S. position in Berlin. RED REACTION First Communist reaction was a brief comment from the East German official news agency ADN. ADN said Johnson is being dispatched to Berlin to symbolically strengthen Chancellor Kronrad Adenauers back. ' Johnsons visit was also aimed at boosting the waning political credit of those in West Germany and Berlin who are only interested in sharpening the crisis, said ADN. Just so that he wont come empty handed and for the psychological effect Johnson will bring along a few hundred men reinforcements maybe a few tanks thrown in for good measure, the agency commented. There has been no indication the Communists plan to interfere with the movement of additional U.S. forces to Berlin. Kennedy announced the troops would come via the Helmstedt-Berlin 110-mile autobahn superhighway linking West Germany with isolated Berlin. couldn't get in the house to see her. The friend was sobbing from a third floor window. A Communist policeman blandly told the old lady to walk to the nearest authorized entry to Communist Berlin, a walk of about four miles. You must be crazy, a W7est German shouted at him. Cant you see shes not going to start a revolution. SIMILAR SCENES Along the street there were similar scenes. One woman shouted up at the third floor of an apartment: Tell Elsa to come to the window. I suppose thats permitted, she said to a soldier with a submachine gun. The 18-year-old soldier smiled wanly. Another woman shouted: Tell Auntie to get through Elsenstrasse and come over. Auntie lives across the street and Elsenstrasse is about two miles away. Neighbors said they knew of one Communist living in the affected buildings. He dropped a flower pot from the third floor on demonstrating Wrest Berliners last Sunday, they said. He also is the only man in the building with a television set, they stated, as though this proved ' he was a Communist. A W'est Berlin policeman who had been watching the antics of the Communist forces all day shrugged and said other countries, other customs. He said many of the soldiers across the wall were not Berliners. SOLDIERS DEPRESSED He said the East German soldiers seemed to be depressed and would not talk with him. He looked down the pleasant shaded street and sighed. The new wall, described by some West German policeman as the Chinese Wall, is made of concrete building blocks, nearly six feet high. Iron bars have been inserted along the top for holdihg barbed wire. The wall is not continuous, but is laid across every street or vacant area which might be an escape exit. At Potsdamerplatz, once one of the busiest intersections in Berlin, the wall stretches across Pots-damerstrasse and Bellevuestrasse which lead into West Berlin. Crowds gathered there and asked the soldiers on the other side whether they intended to build it any farther. There was no answer. The police were using it to duck from photographers. Theyre not unfriendly, a West Berlin policeman said. They just arent allowed to talk. BUSINESS FALLS OFF The lady who runs a small shop with cheap dresses and cosmetics at Potsdamerplatz had a bad day. She said she had a good many customers from East Berlin and usually did a business of $250 daily. At 5 p.m. today she had taken in 35 cents. Another unhappy German was the driver of a tractor who was working the day before on a building site on Lindenstrasse. The wall across Linden Street trapped his huge tractor and the Peoples Police said he couldnt remove it because it would involve knocking down the wall. That property is owned by a Swiss, too, the driver mused, as though Swiss neutrality should somehow protect him. T roops (Continued from Page One) of the Helmstedt-Berlin Autobahn, arriving there on Sunday." THROUGH E. GERMANY This autobahn or superhighway route will take them about 110 miles through Communist East Germany, many of whosg residents have been restless under Red rule. It was the exodus of thousands of East Germans into Western Germany which led the Communists last weekend to barricade the East-West border in Berlin. There have been reports that Britain and France also will augment their forces in Berlin. But when asked if the White House announcement signaled such moves, Salinger said merely: I can only speak for the American government. 'CURRENT INCREASE' In reply to questions, Salinger described the troop dispatch as the current increase. But he declined to go beyond that when asked if the United States plans further increases in the Berlin garrison. A battle group is made up of five rifle companies with each company divided into three platoons of 40 riflemen. About every third rifleman is armed with an automatic rifle. The 1,500-man figure mentioned by the White House suggested that the battle group would be augmented by 200 men. A battle group usually consists of 1,300. But sometimes extra mortar squads and communications men are added. With the battle group goes a platoon of three M41 light tanks. Such a reinforced battle group, a Pentagon spokesman said, would require more than 100 trucks to move the men, weapons, supplies and equipment in addition to the tanks, jeeps and other vehicles. Newburgh in Plea to Rocky NEWBURGH, N. Y. (AP)-City Manager Joseph Mitchell today appealed directly to Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller as the result of a court edict which blocks Newburghs tightened welfare regulations. In a telegram to Rockefeller, Mitchell referred to the temporary injunction granted Friday by State Supreme Court Justice John P. Donohoe. The injunction had been asked by the state on the grounds that the Newburgh plan violated state welfare laws. Mitchell immediately said the city would appeal the ruling. CHAIRS STOLEN Paul Hershey, of Dorothea Park, Lincoln Highway East, reported to state police today the theft of four metal lawn chairs. He said the chairs, taken sometime during the night, were valued at $50. HURT IN FALL Mrs. Ruth Naugle, 141 E. King St., suffered abrasions of the knee when she slipped and fell in Penn Square Friday afternoon. Police took her to St. Josephs Hospital for treatment. CHARGE DISMISSED Abel Smith, 444 Rockland St., charged with the larceny of a ladder, valued at $12, by Robert W. Myers, 464 S. Duke St., was dismissed for lack of evidence fol-ing a hearing Friday night before Alderman Hull. CUBA JAILS il HAVANA (AP) Prison terms ranging from six months to seven years were handed 61 persons convicted of counterrevolutionary activity at Santiago De Cuba today. Twelve others were acquitted. Forgery Seen In Red Charge WASHINGTON (AP)-The State Department has implied that documents involved in new Russian charges against the United States and its allies in the Middle East may be forgeries. Newsmen in Moscow Friday were given documents showing a nuclear bombing pattern stretching across southern Russia. Soviet spokesmen claimed these were secret plans for an attack against the Soviet Union by the Central Treaty Organization. CENTO is an alliance of Britain, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan with which the United, States is associated. STATE DEPT. REPLIES In reply, the State Department said, We have not seen the alleged documents yet, and therefore do not know what they contain. But we do recall that a number of proven forgeries have been issued by Moscow over the years. In Istanbul, a high Turkish official of CENTO called the Soviet allegations "absolutely unfounded. CENTO has never drawn such a plan, said Bulent Kestelli, CENTO assistant secretary-general in charge of political affairs. Foreign Aid Nsw Era photo (Continued from Page One) tain the long-range borrowing authority which, he said, is the very heart of a workable foreign aid program. Fulbright, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said it was unlikely the conferences could get under way before Wednesday. House conferees, for the most part, are regarded as friendly to the Kennedy approach, raising administration hopes it can come out of the conference with a two or three-year borrowing authority. The Senate measure provides $4,076,500,000 for the over-all program, including $1,187,000,000 for the first years long-range lending, plus authority for the President to borrow $1.7 billion in each of the next four years. The House passed, 287 to 140, a bill carrying $4,368,500,000 for its one year program, including loans and grants and covering military aid as well as economic. SPLIT EXPECTED The Senate lopped $250 million from the $1.8 billion its Foreign Relations Committee recommended for military assistance abroad. The conferees probably will split their differences on this item. The long range lending and Treasury-borrowing authority in the House bill was knocked out by an unrecorded 197-185 teller vote in the House Wednesday. Democratic leaders there made no serious effort to reverse this result on a roll call vote despite an appeal from Kennedy. A voice vote upheld the amendment. The administration suffered only one serious upset in the Senate Friday when it voted to clamp a rigid ceiling on the interest that can be charged by a foreign gov ernment or lending agency which relends U.S. loan money for economic development projects. The amendment, by Sen. Ernest Gruening, D-Alaska, provides that the interest rate on relending shall not exceed by more than 5 per cent a year the rate the U.S. charges for its loans. The United States plans to make its loans as low as 1 per cent and in some cases interest-free but repayable in dollars rather than in foreign currency. The administration will plead with Senate-House conferees to drop this ceiling on the ground that in many Latin American countries, plagued by inflation, it is unworkable. Legal rates m some countries run higher than 15 per cent. Car Hits Barn, Driver Arrested George X. Mimm, thirty. N. Prince St., was arrested by State Police after his automobile struck a barn near Schoeneck about 10:15 a.m. today. Trooper Thomas Ziemba said Mimms car struck a barn owned by Ira M. Crouse, Stevens Rl, and caused total damage of $600. Crouse telephoned police after Mimm left the scene and he was found nearby. He charged Mimm with failure to leave identity at the scene of an accident and Mimm paid $25 fine and costs at an immediate hearing before Justice of the Peace Alger Shirk, Schoeneck. Police said Mimms car also struck a utility pole before striking the barn. Mimm was shaken up but unhurt, police said. U. S. MARSHAL TO TAKE OATH IN STADIUM POTTSVILLE, Pa. (AP) -James V. Ryan is to be sworn in tonight as the new U.S. marshal for eastern Pennsylvania. The ceremony, usually a five minute affair in U.S. District Court in Philadelphia, will be held in the Cass Township High School stadium. Ryan says he came up with stadium idea when he realized many of his friends and neighbors would be unable to take the time off from work to travel to Philadelphia for the ceremony. ,500 Jr. Anglers Open Fishing Contest More than 500 youngsters lined the banks of Long Park pond today and began reeling in fish after fish in the annual Jaycees Junior Anglers Contest. By 2 p m. the largest fish caught was a 13-inch bass pulled in by Bill Bechtold, 437 Chamber St. Kenneth Wagner, six, his brother Jeff, thirteen, of East Lampeter, and Ricky Sangrey, eight, of West Willow, caught a total of 24 catfish. Other youngsters, aged thirteen and younger, have been catching catfish, bass and small sunfish ever since the contest opened at 1 p.m. The Junior Anglers contest has all the elements of a successful fishing deity. There are the parents shouting encouragement and baiting hooks. There is the old assortment of fishing rods, bait and reels. There is even the fish that got away story. Robert Cole, twelve, 135 N. Ann St. said he had a bass big-iger than the one pulled in by Bechtold, only it snapped his line. The contest will last through next Saturday night. It will run between Ore hours of 1 and 8 p.m. daily, except Sunday. Application blanks are in local sporting stores. Police Try to Learn How Dentist Died ( Continued from Pago One) BILLY GRAHAM At News Conference Show Love for Red Peoples, U. S. Urged PHILADELPHIA (AP) - The Rev. Dr. Billy Graham says unrest behind tire Iron Curtain has given the United States the greatest opportunity since the revolution in Hungary to show its love for Communist-dominated peoples. We have a tremendous opportunity to tell the world of the advantages we enjoy here, the evangelist said Friday at a news conference. I believe in the power of God to penetrate the Iron Curtain, he added. We must get over in some way to the people that we love them, that our prayers are being made for them. Graham was here to prepare for a four-week crusade beginning Sunday in the 14,000-seat Convention Hall. Soviets (Continued from Pago Ont) against East Germany, using West Germany as a base. It called attention, among other things, to the Alt Glienecke tunnel the Americans were accused of digging under the partition line in Berlin to tap Soviet and East German secret communications. Then the note added: The tunnel in Alt Glienecke was a trifle by comparison with the tunnel which, daily and hourly, was being built from the territory of West Berlin underneath the Socialist structure of the GDR (East German regime) and of other Socialist states. "The government of the U.S.A. should be well-informed of the fact that, with the collaboration of the occupation forces, the ruling circles of the federal Republic of Germany turned West Berlin into the principal base of uninterrupted economic diversions against the German Democratic Republic. AERIAL BROKEN Robert E. Gardner, 237 N. Mul-bery St., reported to city detectives that vandals broke an aerial off his station wagon while it was parked In front of his home between 2:30 a m. and 10:30 a.m. Friday. i bullet took after passing through Dr. Carmans body. He said the path of the spent slug was of a degree that meant any person firing at him would have had to be holding the gun about five inches off the cellar floor. Crowthers said his ballistics study of the bullets path fitted perfectly with a probe of Dr. Cuban Vessel PosesProblems NORFOLK, Va. (AP)-The Cuban freighter Bahia de Nipe, brought here by 11 defectors from the Fidel Castro regime, is causing not only legal entanglements because of debt claims against it but is posing a problem involving U.S. foreign policy. Coast Guard officials must appear in court today to explain why they should keep a U.S. marshal from boarding the vessel to serve papers attaching the ship. In issuing a show-cause order Friday against the Coast Guard, Judge Walter E. Hoffman suggested a presidential proclamation might be necessary to free the sugar-laden freighter. HEARS ARGUMENTS After hearing arguments by Asst. U. S. Atty. Roger T. Williams, who upheld the right of the Coast Guard to bar any persons or thing from any vessel in territorial waters, Judge Hoffman replied: Stripped of all verbiage, the State Department wants the vessel to sail After t he Bahia de Nipe arrived in Chesapeake Bay Thursday, the State Department informed the Castro government it could reclaim the 3,800-ton vessel. Mon Held For Bad Checks Charles Elwood Murry, forty-three, Lancaster R7, sought on a series of charges, was arrested today by city detectives J. David Smith and Walter Goeke at the Wheatland Hotel, where he had registered under an assumed name. C. E. Findley, coal dealer, 1226 Harrisburg Pike,, charged him with passing a forged $60 check before Alderman Kurtz. M. W. Brooks, 241 E. Chestnut St., charged him with driving a motor vehicle without permission of the owner before Alderman Schweich. Samuel Stockbauer, Lampeter garage operator, charged Murray with issuing a $25 worthless check before Justice of the Peace William Schilling, Ronks Rl, and he was charged with issuing a worthless $50 check by Coble-Ravegum garage, 1873 Lincoln Highway East, before Alderman Hull. 1 - CAR FIRE A short Circuit In the wiring caused slight damage to an auto driven by Jere Danz, 216 Valley Rd which caught fire in the 600 block of New Holland Ave at 7:15 p.m. -Friday. Capt. William Ehleiter and Engine Co. 4 responded. Garmans body done today during an autopsy. The autopsy showed the slug entered his body just to the right of the midline below' the ribs. It traveled upward through the liver and left lung and came out his back. Dr. Clime said death was due to hemorrhaging from tire liver. Li. Crowthers said a riohochet mark indicated the slug then hit a door jam, gouged into and through the ceiling and lodged in the space between floors. Its path was compared to the path the bullet took through the body aid led Lt. Crowthers to this theory. POLICE THEORY Dr. Garman was seated on the cellar steps cleaning the Luger at a spot near the shelf, he believes. He had taken out tire clip but a slug remained in tire chamber. In tire cleaning process, the pistol discharged, and he either placed it back on the shelf or else it fell there when he tumbled down the steps. Police said they also learned today that Dr. Garman was unfamiliar with the pistol which he brought back from the European Theater after war service 15 years ago. They are checking reports that he asked a neighbor whether he krrew anything about cleaning a Luger. Police said it is felt that Dr. Garman didnt know enough about the pistol to realize that when the clip is removed, one cartridge flips up into the firing chamber. WITHHOLD VERDICT Dr. Clime said he would withhold his official verdict on the death untjl the examination is made for powder bums. This is expected to be done early next week. He said today We feel it was accidental but there are so many variables they can't all be excluded. Police said family members bore out the theory that Dr. Garman didn't know much about the gun today. , A relative told police Dr. Garman had brought the gun back from military service 15 years ago, but had only fired it one time. That was last July 4th. Police said a box of shells that fitted the pistol was found in the house. Two shells were missing. One, they said, was apparently fired by Dr. Garman on July 4th ar.d the other was apparently the one that killed him. Police fired two more Shells from the pistol later to determine whether the ejection action was working. It functioned, but Lt. Crowthers then said the reason tire shell probably didnt eject at the time of tire shooting was that Dr. Garman had his band over the device. Advertisement HE REGREW HAIR m'MIiK n jp tTiif tW rrHW ForDro mafic Story. 1 See Page 10 of Section 2

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