Lancaster Intelligencer from Lancaster, Pennsylvania on August 5, 1820 · 2
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Lancaster Intelligencer from Lancaster, Pennsylvania · 2

Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 5, 1820
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From the National Intelligencer. CENSUS OF 1820. We publish today copies of all the Papers which have been issued from the Department of State, as instructions and forms, necessary to the 4th Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the U. S. and the several Territories of the Union, and for the proper taking an account of the Manufacturing Establishments and Manufactures throughout the Country. The act of 14th March last, which authorises this Census, has been already promulgated in the National Intelligencer. The enumeration of Persons, every 10 years, is a constitutional injunction ; in obeying which, the National Legislature has been heretofore contented with a simple return of the free white population, discriminated according to age and sex, and of the aggregates of other free Persons, and of Slaves, without any discrimination whatever. This was certainly carrying the constitutional provision into effect; yet it was nothing more. In the year 1810, indeed, there was an attempt, in connection with the Census of Persons, to ascertain the amount of Home Manufactures ; but the result was very imperfect and quite unsatisfactory. The Public are aware, that Government has been reproached with inattention to one or more leading interests of the Community. This reproach, not always uttered in a mild or respectful manner, implies, in itself, an improper demand. Those who urge it, ask nothing less than that Congress should become a Party, to promote one Branch of native Industry, without special reference to the Rights of other Branches equally entitled to protection. The National Legislature, however, can be of no Party. AH the interests of the whole Union may justly claim their due share ot consideration from the Representatives of the People. Wise conclusions can only be drawn from exact knowledge. A truth so obvious could not escape the attention of so enlightened a Body as the Congress; and hence the Census of 1820 presents a wide scope, and embraces many objects ot inquiry. The documents transmited to the Marshals appear to be as comprehensive as possible, within the provisions of the law. The opportunity is thus afforded to Agriculturalists, Manufacturers, and to the commercial Class to bring their numbers, and the value of their several pursuits, advantageously to the view ot the Legislature which, it cannot be questioned, when furnished with undisputed facts, from every section of the Republic, will afford, to all 3 of these descriptions of Persons, legislative support, in the degree that each, relatively to the others, may merit. It is difficult to conceive how either of them, with propriety, can ask for more. Let the Individuals concerned, therefore, not be wanting to themselves ; but give all the aid they can, by promptly communicating correct information to the Marshals and their Assistants. From the tenor of several recent acts of Congress, it is evident that our National Councils are turning their attention more decidedly to the cultivation of the productive Industry and Resources of the People of the U S : a preliminary step in which is the acquisition of statistical knowledge Of thia, the enlarged views of the law authorising the 4;h Census is a strong proof; and another may be found in the provisions of ' an act lor obtaining accurate statements ol the foreign Commerce of the U S.' passed on the 10th February last It is by such a process of investigation, that our Statesmen enable themselves to legislate with intelligence and precision, on subjects of internal improvement, and on every point connected with National Economy and the Public Revenue. Disingenuous clamor and misguided zeal will, in this manner, find a cure for their turbulence and angry judgments, unreasonably directed against the Constituted Authorities, who cannot possibly have any other object in their measures than the general welfare of the Nation. How mar.)' Persons engaged In Agficul- How many Persons engaged in Com- 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Interrogatories to be fiut by the Assistants of i the Marshals, in taking the 4th Census, or Enumeration, of the Inhabitants of the U. States. 1. Who was, on the first Monday in August, 1820, the Head Master, Mistress, Steward, Overseer, or other principal Person, as the ease man be of this Family ? 2. What number of free white Males were there, on that day, in the Family, under 10 years of age ? 3. What number of 10 and under 16 ? 4. What number between 16 and 18 ? 5. What number (including the Head) of 16 and under 26 ? 6. What number (including the Head) of 26 and under 45 ? 7. What number (including the Head) of 45 and upwards ? 8. How many free white Females, under 10 years of age ? 9. How many of 10 and under 16 ? 10. How many (including the Head) of 16 and under 26 ? . 11. How many (including the Head) of 26 and under 45 ? 12. How many (including the Head) of 45 and upwards? 13. How many Foreigners not naturalized i 14. ture ? 15. merce t 16. How many Persons engaged in Manufactures ? 17. How many Male Slaves under 14 f How many ot 14 and under ? How many of 26 and under 45 ? How many of 45 and upwards r How many Female Slaves under 14 ? How many of 14 and under 26 ? How many of 26 and under 45 ? How many of 45 and upwards ? How many free colored Males under 14 ? How many of 14 and under 26 ? How many of 26 and under 45 ? How many of 45 and upwards How many free colored Females un'r 14? How many of 14 and under 26 ? How many of 26 and under 45 ? How many of 45 and upwards ? How many other Persons, except Indi ans not taxed ? 34. Was there any Person here without settled place of residence ? (and, if so) what was his or her Name ? 35. Was there any Person belonging to the Family, occasionally absent from it ? (and, if so of which sex, and what age, color, and condition ? Questions to be addressed to the Persons concerned in Manufacturing Establishments, by the Marshals and their Assistants, in taking the account of Manufactures. Name of the county, parish, township, town, or city, where the Manufacture exists. HAW MATERIALS EMl'LO Ytl), The kind? The quantity annually consumed? The cost of the annual consumption ? NUMBEH OF PERSONS EMPIOTED. Men ? Women ? Boys and Girls ? MACHINERT. Whole quantity and kind of machinery ? Quantity of machinery in operation ? EXPENDITURES. Amount of capital invested ? Amount paid annually for wages ? Amount of contingent expenses ? PRODUCTION. The nature and names of articles manu factured ? 13. Market-value-of the articles which are annually manufactured ? 14. General remarks concerning the Establishment, as to its actual and past condition, the demand for, and sale of, its Manufactures. Among the Persons engaged in Manufactures are to be included all Persons oj the Mechanical Professions or Handicraft. m ft FROM THE CONNECTICUT COURANT. CULTURE OF TURNIPS. Turnips, for Fall and Winter-use, are generally sown in the last of July. I have been long apprehensive tnat this sowing was too early The weather at this season of the year is generally very hot and t very dry ; and drought has a direct ten dency to dwarf and spoil a held ol young j Turnips; the black Fly, also, a natural enemy of the Turnip, is at this period very voracious, and the crop is too often destroyed, or rendered unprofitable, from : one or the other of these causes. With a view to remedy these evils, I sowed! my Turnips, 2 seasons ago, very j late in August. My Neighbors laughed at me, and said I would not have a single mess. I had, however, more and better Turnips than any of them. Encouraged by the success, I sowed the last year, on the 25th of August, a small piece of ground, 8 rods only, with Turnips. They came up well, and not a Fly touched them. When they had 4 or 5 leaves, I directed my Men to weed and thin them, so as to have them stand 8 or 10 inches apart. The ground afterwards was slightly stired with a garden-hoe. The leaves grew rapidly, covered the ground, and prevented the further growth of weeds. On the 11th November I pulled the Turnips, trimed and measured them, and had on the 8 rods of ground (the 20th part of an acre only) 45 bushels of as large and well-formed Turnips as I ever saw. This produce is at the rate of 900 bushels to the acre. The soil is a sandy loam, in good heart, but by no means in high tilth. I sowed 2 other 6mall pieces of ground, the one on the 1st and the other on the 8ih of September. Neither of these yielded like the one sowed on the 25th August; but each of them produced much larger and better Turnips, than I have seen, that were sowed at the usual time. I attribute my success altogether to the late sowing. The heat then is less intense, the rains more frequent, the dews more copious, the Fly harmless, and the crop abundant. I would earnestly recommend to the Farmers to set apart a small piece of ground, and try the experiment of late sowing, and I am confident they will be amply compensated for making the attempt, by a greater increase of crops. THE TREASURY. given us, by way of a "diversion, bo old story vamped up in a new dress, and with a vaunting of apparent confidence, which is the characteristic of an impudent Lawyer in a bad cause, before a Jury whom he presumes to be very ignorant. What the Chronicle calls his proof is contained in the following STATEMENT : By Mr. Findlay's official Report to the Legislature, dated November 30, 1816, he states the balance in the treasury to be $27 6,664 18 Now, what do the books in the treasury and the iron chest prove, on the evening of the 27th November of the same year ? Why, that all the monies that Mr. Findlay could give a just account of were in the following places, viz. In the Bank of Pennsylvania, in the Philadelphia Bank, and in the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank, 239,217 67 In the Offices of discount and de- i posit at Lancaster and Harrisburg, 26,127 40 In the iron chest in the treasury, 6,219 11 Total $272,164 18 We had occasion not long since to notice a Publication in the Susquehana Democrat, containing, as alleged, such proofs of Mr. Findlay's Corruption, as all the waters of the Susquehana could not wash away. A single pentull of ink has convinced Mr. Maffet that he has blundered into the vices as well as the politics of the Chronicle. The latter could not, how ever, venture a word to help out its new Deficiency g4,500 00 In order to expose the art and labor employed by the persecuting Enemies of Gov. Findlay to misrepresent this transaction, we shall admit the premises here assumed. Let it be distinctly understood, however, that this admission is only for the purpose of showing that the Chronicle statements contain their own refutation. We shall never seriously admit any thing to be as stated in that Paper, without other evidence. The Chronicle states the balance in the treasury, Nov. 30, 1816, at 8276,664 18. And, in order to show a deficiency in the treasury, he goes back 3 days, viz. to the 27th of November, and exhibits what he calls the balance in the treasury on that day; and because he finds that g4500 were put into the treasury on the 27 :.h, he concludes that there was 4500 less in the treasury on that day, than on the 30th following. Now, suppose this were the fact, and that the funds on the 27th were in the places as represented by the Chronicle, and also suppose that no occurence took place at the treasury, either in paying or receiving money, from the 27th to the 30th, except the payment of the 4500 dols. ; and all these suppositions neither of which is true j are indispensable to sustain his premises; then, the statement will stand thus ; Money ascertained to be in the treasury on the 30th November, 276,664 18 Money in the treasury on the 27th November, 272,164 18 Atn't paid in same day, 4,500 276,664 18 Thus balancing the account, and show ing no deficiency. Such is the statement of the sapient Accountant. Mr. Elder said, when he acknowledged his mistake before the Committee, that he was not conversant with accounts ; and we ought in fairness not to impute to him the authorship ot the Chronicle article. It must have been 6ome more confident Bookkeeper that would venture to charge the Treasurer with the money in the treasury on the 30th November, and only give him credit for the money found there on the 27th. Now, for the purpose of illustration, we would propose to this very candid and fair Accountant, to extend back his time 3 months, instead ot 3 days, and charge the Treasurer with the money received up to the SOth of November, together with the balance in the treasury at the begining of the year; then give him credit for the money in hand on the Sst of August, and you will make a deficit equal to the amount of the receipts tor 3 months. And a similar statement,' whether you ! make 3 days or 3 months difference be-! tween the times of the debit and credit, would make a deficiency on every day since there was a treasury in the State. But if this ingenious Accountant will invert his statement, and give credit for the monies in hand and payments made, up to a day subsequent to that on which he charges the balance in the treasury, he ! will find that, instead of a deficit, there ' will always be a surplus in the treasury. This new and most ingenious method of stating accounts must attract public notice ; and, if the Author would make himself known, it might recommend him to a place in the U. S. Treasury, or at least in the U. S. Bank. It is not necessary to notice the other parts of the Chronicle charge, as it is acknowledged that they depend upon i a similar statement.' But, while on this subject, permit us to remind our Readers, that the Chronicle has, after skulking about from one hiding place to another, retreated from the ground he occupied upon the counterfeits and mistakes ; and now, after giving up the point, contents himself with grumbling about the blun-dcrs which occasioned the loss of g690 We can inform him, that during the 6 years, in which these mistakes occured, the Treasurer passed through his hands twice, nearly 4 millions of dollars, the items of receipts amounting to about 1500 annually; those of the payments as many. And we are confident it will be a matter of surprise that so few counterfeits Ally ; but, being fertile of invention, has j were taken, and so tew mistakes made, Agents, who undertake the receipt and payment of such a sum at their own risk, never do it for less than 1 per cent, which would amount to 840,000; but more frequently I A and 2 per cent. Yet we hear such deep groauings from the Junto of hungry Expectants, that Mr Findlay did not incur all risks, and relinquish his salary of $1600 a year! Oh! what an uncomfortable feeling must envy be. ' Like a poisonous mineral it doth gnaw the inwards.' One word more, and we have done. It is known that Gov. Findlay has always accounted for every cent of public money he ever had in his hands; that his accounts have undergone a yearly and a monthly examination by the proper Officer; that upon a short notice, in the midst of persecution and malice, that watched him by night and by day, he exhibited every cent of the money in the treasury that belonged to it ; and of this, but little more than l-50th part was under par. It is also known, that his conduct has undergone a severe scrutiny by the Legislature, one of their Body having turned public Prosecutor; and that it has been approved, even in times of great Party-heat, by a large majority of the Representatives of the People, who are the Guardians of the public treasury ; and thut even his political Opponents voted for that approval. How unrelenting and persevering must that malice be, which, under such circumstances, could hope now to destroy his reputation by stale slanders. In truth, the abuse of the Presses which are engaged against Mr. Findlay. is rather a bent fit than an injury. We shall therefore continue to defy their malice. '" rrr t Democratic Meeting. At a very large and respectable Meeting of the Republicans of Montgomery county, consisting chiefly of Germans, convened at the public house of 'Henry Kreps, in Newhanover township, July 22, 1820, for the purpose of consulting on measures best calculated to promote the Election of William Findlay, the Democratic Candidate for Governor; Col. Isaiah Davis was called o the Chair, and Cols. Philip Reed, and Philip Boyer appointed Secretaries. The object of the Meeting having been fully stated, on motion, it was resolved, That a Committee of 9 be appointed, to draft Resolutions expressive of the sense of the Meeting. Whereupon Dr. John Halm, Isaac Feather, Philip S. Markley, Samuel Gross, Jacob Peifbny' der, George Moore, Thos. Humphrey, Abraham Beyer, and Adam Wartman were appointed a Committee ; who, after having retired for some time, reported the following Resolutions, which were unanimously and most cordially adopted by the Meeting. 1. That this Meeting approve of the proceedings of the Convention held at Lewistown, the 7th of March last, convened for the purpose of nominating a Candidate for Governor, and Electors for President and Vice-president of the U. S. 2. That this Meeting entertain the fullest . confidence in the talents, integrity, patriotism, and public conduct of James Monroe, President of the U. S. and Daniel D. Tompkins, Vice-president; and that they will use every fair and honorable exertion to promote their Election. 3. That this Meeting, influenced by "their attachment to Republican Principles and a free representative Democracy, will support, by every honorable means within the limits of their power, the Election of William Findlay, the Democratic Candidate regularly nominated for Governor of this State; whose Administration as Executive they highly approve, and in whos. Republican Integrity, talenis, and virtues they entertain the most unlimited confidence. 4. That this Meeting view with indignation the malignity and falsehood practised by the enemies of Democracy, who are actuated by sordid and disappointed motives in traducirig the public and private character of William Findlay; and that we consider it as the ultimate resort of desperation of a Combination of factious Men, whose only aim and object is self-interest and individual aggrandisement. 5. That we consider it the duty of the People to view, with a jealous eye, the movements and measures of Men governed by the passions of self-revenge and disappointed ambition, as hostile and repugnant to our free Institutions and Republican System of Government. 6. That we consider the clamors raised, and the system of persecution pursued, against the Governor of this Commonwealth, as the fruits of disappointment and ambition; and that the late investigation into his official conduct, accumulating an unnecessary expense on the People, was the ofTspring of a selfish and personal gratification of private animosity, which, while it has resulted in establishing the innocence of the Governor, and acquired him the increased confidence of the People, has recoiled infamy on those at whose instance it originated. 7. That we express with pleasure our full and entire approbation in the measures and policy pursued by the General and State Governments, which furnish the People with the strongest pledge that our Rulers are governed by an honest and indefatigable zeal to promote the general prosperity of the Country, and the preservation of our free Institutions handed down to us by our illustrious Forefathers. 8. That, notwithstanding we feel an honest pride in being of German Descent, we are unwilling, on any consideration, to abandon our Democratic Principles to gratify national prejudice, in giving our support to Joseph Heister for Governor, who has forfeited all claims of ouc confidence, in becoming the willing Instrument to answer the purposes of unprincipled and aspiring Men to climb into power, which, from the materials they are composed of, would be calculated to disturb the harmony and good or-der of the Common wealth. 9. That we consider the political principles of Joseph Hiester, manifested by his own acts, in opposition to the genius and spirit of the Democratic Principles ingrafted in our system

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