The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 9, 1967 · Page 5
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May 9, 1967

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, May 9, 1967
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Blythevffle (Ark.) Courier News - Tuesday, May », ItVt - tuft flw 'How Did We Ever Get into the War?' By JAMES MARLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - How did we ever get into the war in Vietnam- There are a lot of arguments about it. But the Senate Republican Policy Committee's staff report could have done a far better job explaining the origins than it did. This report was supposed to provide Republicans with material for discussion in the hope they could reach agreement on what position to take. It did anything but. Almost immediately, instead of discussing, Republicans began arguing. The report's main point is that the Democrats, under Presidents Johnson and John F. Kennedy, and not the Republicans under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, ar« the ones,who sent U.S. fighting men into Vietnam. That's true, but it's far from the whole story. The American involvement was a slow process, beginning with aid and ending with men. Presidents Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman, too, were part of the process. In 1950 the French, without promising the Vietnamese freedom after holding them in colonial bondage almost 100 years, had been fighting for four years against Ho Chi Minh, a lifelong Communist, backed by Vietnamese Communists and no doubt non-Communist Vietnamese Intent on driving out the French. By then the Chinese Communists had taken over all of mainland China. In 1950 the Korean War began. Truman began a policy of giving the French aid. This aid eventually cost billions of dollars. Truman's constant theme was ttiat the Communists were trying to take over the world. When he became president in 1953, Eisenhower continued the Truman aid policy. He shared Truman's fears about the Communist intentions. He was particularly afraid that unless stopped, communism would gobble up all Southeast Asia. He explained it in a couple of ways. One was the domino theory: that if Vietnam fell to communism, the other Southeast Asian nations would follow. He put it another way: that Vietnam was the cork in the bottle. He said he was bitterly opposed to sending U.S. troops into Vietnam. He said he would try to make sure it didn't happen. And under him it didn't happen. But he also said something else. * * * : No matter how the struggle may have started," he said, "it has long since become one of the testing places between a free form of government and a dictatorship. Its outcome is going to have the greatest significance for us, and possibly for a long time in the future." In 1954 Ho Chi Mint's forces forced the French into surrender. At Geneva the two sides agreed Vietnam should be divided into North and South, with Ho Cbi Minh running the North, until 1956. In that year the people of the two Vietnams would vote on a single g overnment for all of them. But before then a new government had been set up in South Vietnam. Neither this new government nor .the United States was a party to the agreement. The United States supported this new government with aid and technicians. When 1956 came South Vietnam refused to let the elections take place. If it had, Ho Chi Minh almost certainly would have won. The United States, under Eisenhower, continued to support the South. It seemed inevitable — and it turned out that way — that now the North Vietnamese Reds would try to take South Vietnam by force since they had been refused a chance to do it by ballot. The war began on a small scale in the late 1950's and gradually got bigger. It seems reasonable, although some might wish to argue it, that since the United States backed South Vietnam, anxious as it was to stop the spread of communism, and continued to back South Vietnam after it repudicated the elections which made war inevitable, then the United States had an obligation to continue supporting it. By the time Kennedy was in office awhile the war grew more intense. He sent some troops over. They weren't enough. South Vietnam seemed in danger of being engulfed by the Viet Cong and the North. Johnson then sent in hundreds of thousands of troops. Both Kennedy and Johnson shared the Truman-Eisenhower fear that communism was on the march and had to be stopped. Has Own Post Office The United Nations maintains its own post office since 1951. It is operated by the U.S. Postal Service. Since the U.N. is on international territory, it prints its own stamps. Oberlin College, Ohio, was the first U.S. college to admit both men and women, in 1833. He Said It Contrary to widespread belief, the World War I phrase, "Lafayette, we are here," was not the utterance of Gen. John Pershing. It was that of Col. Charles Stanton, American Army officer, whom Pershing had delegated to speak in his stead. Viet Bombing: Too Little Too Late? By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) — Many military men believe gradual escalation of U. S. bombing hardened the North Vietnamese psychologically and steeled them to a long war. These uniformed professionals feel the bombing's impact on the North Vietnamese will to fight would have been more telling if American planes had been free from the start to hit at a wide range of targets. They also contend the longstanding immunity granted to some kinds of targets enabled the North Vietnamese to concentrate air defenses around targets they figured eventually would be hit — an dthat this has raised the cost in U. S. planes and lives. Generally, these military men argue that the U. S. policy has added up to too little, too late. Bit by bit, civilian authorities have been approving targets long urged by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. This has prompted military professionals to claim the serv- Bubonic Plague Found In Vietnam Veteran By SEYMOUR M. HERSH WASHINGTON (AP) - A Public Health Service official confirmed today that a Vietnam veteran was hospitalized in Texas for 16 days last fall before doctors realized he was suffering from bubonic plague. The victim, a 21-year-old serviceman on furlough, recovered with no further complications and there was no apparent spread of the disease, Dr. David J. Sencer said in .a telephone interview from Atlanta. He is head of the National Communicable Disease Center there. "There was an element of luck," Sencer said. "If. the plague had progressed into pneumonic plague and gotten into his bloodstream with an infection of the lung, the chances of epidemic would have been great — because he'd be caughing up phlegm." Before doctors at Veterans Hospital in Dallas diagnosed the case, the youth had not been under any special quarantine or precautionary care, Sencer laid. "Slightly altered circumstances could have lead to pneumonic plague - a true catastrophe, for pneumonic plague can spread into an epidemic, with person-to-person transmis- lion." Th« Army Hid tot youth had been assigned to a group tearing down old rat-infested buildings in Vietnam. Fleas from infected rats apparently transmitted the disease. Hundreds of cases of plague or suspected plague have been, reported among South Vietnamese. * * * In the interview, Seneer said the youth's illness originally was diagnosed as lymphadeni- tis, a swelling of lymph nodes from nonspecific infections. The plague was not detected until a specialist was ordered to examine the youth, who had not been responding to treatment, Sencer said. After the diagnosis was confirmed, doctors at Veterans Hospital got excellent results with antibiotics and the soldier was transferred Oct. 4 to Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Tex. Army officials later said the youth had been free of fever since Sept. 18, but it was not known when he entered the Dallas hospital for initial treatment. Sencer credited two previous inoculations against plague which the youth had taken in Vietnam with preventing the progression of the disease from bubonic to pneumonic plague. "You just don't think of plague these days in the United States," the doctor laid. ice chiefs were thinking way ahead of the civilians. Civilian policy makers hold that any drastic, widespread air offensive against North Vietnam might have propelled Red China and the Soviet Union into the war. This same fundamental concern until now has deterred authorities in the White House and Pentagon from allowing American bombers to strike at the docks and harbor of Haiphong, North Vietnam's chief port. The civilian leaders fear such strikes — or the mining of the approaches to the harbor — could lead to sinking of Soviet vessels and bring on a dangerous confrontation with Moscow. There has been a marked toughening of U. $. government attitudes toward North Vietnam and a broadening of targets to include some which were free from attack for more than two years. Reports have circulated recently that the Johnson administration may be reviewing its no-bombing policy with regard to Haiphong's harbor and dock area, the inlet for at least two- thirds of North Vietnam's military and civilian supplies. Mining or otherwise blocking off Haiphong harbor has been near the top of the Joint Chiefs' list of preferred actions against North Vietnam for considerably more than a year. Military officers point out that the Joint Chiefs wanted to destroy the petroleum storage, pumping complex and oil stocks in the Haiphong area for many months before such attacks were authorized by President Johnson last June. The delay, these military officers claim, gave the enemy time to disperse much of his oil supplies into the countryside in fuel drums, and to muster a fleet of barges to haul petro leum to shore from tankers. The top-level decision to allow the bombing — started last month — of some of the fields harboring North Vietnam's MIG jet interceptorf still falls well short of what Air Force and Navy air authorities believe should bt permitted. JET SHOES that one day may propel astronauts through space outside their spacecraft are tested by Lee Person, a NASA test pilot. Thrust jets clamped under the ball of each foot give forward or backward thrust, and each foot may be operated independently. The U-shaped simulator Person is strapped to allows complete freedom of roll and pitch movement. Hoffa in Fourth Try for New Trial By JAY BOWLES CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (AP) — James R. Hoffa and his battery of lawyers go into U. S. District Court today seeking for a fourth time a new trial on his jury-tampering conviction, Hoffa, 54, serving an eight- year sentence, was returned from prison for the hearing before U. S. District Judge Frank W. Wilson, who handed down his sentence in 1964. This hearing, expected to be lengthy, is on the Teamsters Union president's fourth new- trial motion, but it is his first return to court here since his conviction three years ago. The earlier three motions were turned down without a hearing, although one of them — accusing the jury which convicted him of misconduct — still is on appeal before the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The current new-trial motion, filed Feb. 23, accuses the government of resorting to wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping to convict Hoffa and his codefendants of tampering with the jury which heard his 1962 conspiracy trial at Nashville, Tenn. That trial ended in a deadlocked jury. The government has denied the charges, but said at a pretrial conference Ap.-il 21 that there would be a basis for a new trial if proven true. * * * Among the witnesses for Hoffa is Benjamin David Nichols of Heiskell, Tenn., an electronics expert who said he installed wiretapping devices in Hoffa's quarters under the direction of Walter Sheridan, special assistant to then-U. S. Ally. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy. Sources reported that as many as 50 subpoenaes had been issued by defense and government lawyers for prospective witnesses. Hoffa began serving his eight- year sentence March 7 at the federal penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pa., while his three codefendants, Thomas Ewing Parks and Ewing King of Nashville and Larry Campbell of Detroit, began three-year terms the same day at federal priioru la Texas and Minnesota. • All are expected tiOestify during the hearing. '.'"•• Hoffa, placed behind bars for the first time only two,month» ago, was described as a -"picture of nervousness" by photographers who observed his movements for an extended period Monday. He and his three codefendants will be housed in a second-floor cellblock at the Hamilton County jail while here. The photographers, oBserving his movements through -long- distance lens, said Hoffa continually paced back and' forth before his barred cell windows, making notes and talking with his defense lawyers. First to Propose Board George Washington was th« first person to formally proppsa the creation of a board of agriculture, but it was ont until Lincoln's administration in 1862 that he U.S. Department of Ag- riculure was created, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Henry Kaiser Going Strong OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) Henry J. Kaiser got his first job when he was 13 as a helper in a Utica, N.Y., drygoods store. Today — his 85th birthday — he's still working, running the $2.7-biliion industrial complex he founded. I'd be lost if I couldn't have the fun of working every day," confides the man whose 190 plants in 33 states and 40 foreign countries employ 90,000 persons and have an annual payroll of $630 million. When will he retire? "Never," answers Kaiser who still rues the fact that when he entered his 80s he was forced to cut down on 16-hour daily work schdules. What does he consider his great accomplishment? The Kaiser Foundation hospitals and health plan. "I see the day when no one need die for lack of medical care, as my own mother died in my arms when I was 16 years old." There are 18 Kaiser Foundation hospitals, more than 40 clinics in California, Oregon and Hawaii, and a health plan providing hospital service and care by 1,500 doctors. By telephone from his office and home in the new community of Hawaii-Kai that he is building, Kaiser keeps in touch with son Edgar, president of Kaiser Industries, and with company managers around the globe. Trie New COMET gets the job done adds to the FUN! Simplified Design, all steel construction and careful manufacture assure complete ease of handling with minimum maintenance costs. 5 to 8 HP :engines. Mows up to 1.9 acres an hour; climbs 45% grades. With implements will haul, move snow, aerate, etc. A superb riding- mower made by the famous Snapper folks. ,». 517 W. ASH ST. Ph. PO 3-4269 61" MOTOR COMPANY OFFERS PROOF NOT PROMISES MY MOST POPULAR CHRYSLER IS PRICED LESS THAN 7 MODELS IN THE "LOW-PRICED FIELD"* Newport-the most realistically priced luxury car in the country. When you buy it, and when you sell it 2-year old Newports lead in their class in resale value! For the deals- and the cars-see your Chrysler dealer today! *Based on Manufacturer's list prices published in Automotive News, November Z, 1966. Standard and optional equipment Maries with manufacturer. TME CHARGLJOYE UP TO CHRYSLER '67 "61" MOTOR COMPANY Hiwoy 61, North * Blytheville, Ark. AUTHORRCD DEALER! MOTORS OWION

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