Lancaster New Era from Lancaster, Pennsylvania on September 16, 1939 · 5
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Lancaster New Era from Lancaster, Pennsylvania · 5

Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 16, 1939
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POLAND (Continued From rage One) wer concentrating on pushing their di'lv far to the southeast, Snipers In .Most Villages Once the Polish troops at Kutno are out of the way, there will remain no opposition between Berlin and Warsaw except the snipers who still are giving the Germans trouble In hundreds of towns and villages. j1 At Brest-Lltovsk, 100 miles east of Warsaw, where Germany Imposed a world war peace on Russia which was later swept aside by the the Versailles treaty, a swiftly-moving East Prussian army was pressing down from the north. Brest-Lltovsk Is defended by a line of permanent fortifications and the Germans race a fierce battle for Its possession. Dispatches from the front today, however, said the East Prussian army had taken 6ome of the cuter defenses. fhase To Southeast Seen Outside of these operations, the Polish campaign appeared to be developing Into a chase to the southeast, where the Russian and Rumanian borders came together. German forces were reported close to Lwow, capital of the Polish Ukraine. Speedy advance units, which strike swiftly and fall back when the need arises, were said to be nearing Stanislawow, 70 miles southeast of ' Lwow. News and military dispatches reaching Barlin described the flight of Polish officials, diplomats, refugees and even some soldiers over the Rumanian border. Increasing the problem facing the Rumanian government. Rumania, which a few days ago advised Berlin it was observing the strictest neutrality, was said to be troubled by the flood of refugees fleeing before the German advance and to have required those seeking asylum to refrain from political or military activity. Nevertheless Germany was fighting actively In other directions In this modern war the diplomatic, economic and propaganda fronts. In the field of diplomacy informed sources say Germany has scored telling points by persuading Rumania to remain neutral, by the seeming reluctance of Turkey to become Involved In the conflict and by arousing the smaller neutrals to protest against the sweeping character of Britain's blockade. Another diplomatic triumph from the German viewpoint was the apparently Increasing friendliness of Soviet Russia. Dure May Play Peace Role Talk of possible peace efforts by Premier Mussolini was gtven Impetus by the return to Berlin of the Italian Ambassador, Bernardo Attollco, who earlier In the week made a flying visit to Rom after conferring with Nazi State Secretary Baron Ernest Von Welzsaecker. While official quarters made no comment, the Informed news service, Lhenst Aus Deutschland, said "Berlin political circles are noting with Interest the fact that the International firess Is again discussing the posslbll-ty of peace." ' On the economto front, the Reich -as taking energetic measures to off-et the British blockade. Some military leaders said flatly the blockade Is licked.'' They argued that with the acquisition of the Polish Mining region, Germany becomes Europe's greatest coal producer and In the whole world Is exceeded only by the United States. Bailie Becomes German Lake With Polish naval resistance shattered. they said, the Baltic was fast becoming a German lake over which essential ores might be brought In 'rom the northern states and the blockade, consequently, could be no maior disaster. Vast reorganization Is under way at Hamburg, Germany's world port, to replace by trade with the Baltic states ar.d the east the traffic being held out of Germany by the British navy. It was Indicated Russia would provide a land outlet for commerce vital to Germany. That shippers regarded this outlet safe was Indicated by the fact that Insurance rates which'were raised at the outset of the war to one per cent of the value of cargoes were slashed today to one-fourth of one per cent. On the propaganda front, a mighty effort to keep on good terms with the United States and persuade all Independent nations of the western hemisphere to remain neutral waa apparent. Play Up Bo rail's Speech Newspapers have been playing tip 6enator William E. Borah's stand against change In the United States neutrality law. j " What is In the mind of the German fiubllc and what It Is talking about ' 5 best shown by the controlled press, i Hitler's "Voelklscher Beobachter today printed on page one a picture of German troops entering Gdynia, and a photograph of Winston Church-111, British First Lord of the Admiralty, smoking a cigar accompanied by a blistering article on his political career. Warsaw Defenders Say NazisPushed Back (BY ROBERT ST. JOHN) BUDAPEST, Sept. 16 (A. P.) Hungarian diplomatic and press circles today received reports the Polish defenders of Warsaw and Lwow had pushed back their besiegers, Inflicting severe losses on the German forces. Although Warsaw and Lwow were holding out against ceaseless hammering of Nazi planes, artillery and tanks, reports from numerous sources ald, the Germans lines had been extended 110 miles east of the Polish capital to Brest-Lltovsk (Brzesc.) German Loses Reported The newspaper Pestl Hlrlap reported German forces west of Warsaw bad sustained considerable losses from a Polish counter-attack and that skirmishes were continuous on the citys eastern side, French news agency reports said heavy German attacks were repulsed at Vola, a Warsaw suburb, with the loss of some artillery and mechanized equipment. Other foreign sources reported Polish gains but there was no further confirmation of the dispatches, , ..Hungarian reports said there was little aerial raiding over Warsaw and Lwow. They said most German air ctivity was confined to scouting operations. The Hungarian News Agency declared German forces attacking Lwow. Poland's third largest city, had been beaten back with the loss of ten tanks and ten armored cars while Polish aircraft brought down several Nazi planes. The Polish Telegraph agency quoted a Polish army major as saying the Germans had not been able to destroy Important military objectives around Lwow. The agency declared the Poles had captured 13,000 men and 350 officers, mostly aviators, 48 guns, 215 machine guns, 170 tanks, 1,000. armored cars and 280 planes. The Warsaw radio station No. 2 went off the air "due to technical difficulties." Warsaw's station No. 1 stopped broadcasting for the same reasons last week. The smashing German drive s through southeast Poland to cut off .recess to Rumania continued while refugees kept on streaming toward the frontier. Refugee Camps Established The Rumanian government worked to establish refugee camps. The Hungarian News Agency said Bucharest expected to receive an official Polish appeal to admit refugees. Diplomats fleeing from Poland said the German southern offensive was being accelerated by vast numbers of reserves pouring from Germany. In the diplomatic caravan which reached Cernauti, Rumania, Just across the Polish frontier, yesterday LANCASTER NEW ERA SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1939 Civilian Sufferings Shown Behind Lines in Poland According to British and Polish censors, this picture shows young boy, blinded in Nazi air raid on Warsaw, being led to safety by police. Photo waa taken during early bombardment of city. Eric Calcraft went from London to Warsaw before the war started, and was in Poland during the German invasion. He csyna out with remarkable on-the-scene shots of the real horrors of war the suffering of those not in the trenches. Above, wounded Warsaw civilian receives treatment on street. Erie Calcraft caught this spectacular shot of Warsaw homes, being burned by flames of battle. Photo was rushed to London, passed through British censorship, which stated houses are those of working class people, blaze was caused by German incendiary bombs. WARSAW EATS C ATS, BOGS, BERLIN DISPATCH DECLARES BERLIN. Sept. 16. (U. P.) First pictures and stones sent here from the Warsaw region, which the Poles still held, purported to describe conditions of disorder and starvation at the former Polish capital. They said civilians were eating dogs and cats and that the streets were filled with would-be fugitives, unable to get out of the city." Thousands of refugees were reported camped on the outskirts and it was said that they had no escape because Germans had cut all roads, the last one having led to Brest-Lltovsk to which the Germans reportedly laid siege yesterday. were United States Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., his wife and her daughter, Peggy Thompson Schulz, and Mrs. Biddle's secretary, Marv McKenzie. Others In the party were Mine. Jozef Beck, wife of the Polish Foreign Minister, and their three children enroute to Paris, and the diplomatic representatives of Brazil, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Sweden, Japan, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Polish Gold Reported Shipped Half of the Bank of Poland's gold was reported authoritatively today to have been shipped by a British steamer from Constanza, chief Rumanian Black Sea port. The shipment was said to have reached Rumania by way of Snyatin. on the Pollsh-Rumanian frontier. It's destination Is believed to be England. The other half of the bank of Poland's gold, amounting to 200.000.000 Zloty (the Zloty was quoted in foreign exchange Atiig. 31 at 18.82 cents, which would give the shipment a value of $37,640,000. was said also to be en route to Constanza for trans-shipment abroad. Both consignments were reported to have arrived in this country In heavily guarded railroad cars. Officials to Flee to Paris If Poland Falls CERNAUTI, Rumania, Sept. 16. (A. P.) Diplomatic circles reported today that Polish government officials plan to circle to Paris, if they are forced to flee from their country, rather than remain in Rumania and halt all political activity. Some minor officials were said to be already On the way. Most of the officials were expected to remain in Poland as long as possible. Permission would be sought, to travel across Rumania. Polish President Ignace Mosckickl and other officials were notified they must remain under surveillance and stay at selected places If they entered Rumania. Even then they would be urged to leave the country as quickly as possible. Many of the officials were reported residing In a little village Just across the Dniester river from the Rumanian frontier. Ac the same time, many foreign diplomats who came here last night with their families and staffs. Including U. S. Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle. Jr., returned to the Polish government seat at Zaleszczyki, presumably for the day only. NAVAL (Continued From Page One) mander had offered to tow the lifeboats toward the coast. The Cheyenne was the second ship of the Anglo-American Company to have been sunk, the Kennebec having been sent to the bottom on Sept. 9. Her crew of 37 also was saved. The blowing up of the Belgian mo-torshlp raised to 35 the number of vessels lost since the war began Sept. 3. While the Ministry of Information said the sinking was the result of "enemy action, the captain said: "All I know Is there was a terrific explosion and the ship broke In two." The eight passengers and crew of 49 got away safely In the vessel's lifeboats and were picked up by the Greek steamer Atlanticos and brought ashore on the south coast of England. One of the passengers, an unidentified woman from New York, was taken to a hotel with several ribs broken, he said. Enemy Blamed For Sinking The Ministry of Information statement argued that the mine if that was the cause of the sinking must have been laid by the enemv because of the assertion that at no time have the British laid mines in the vicinity of the sinking. (Weymouth is on the south coast of England, in the English channel.) The communique said by either method of sinking the enemy has violated international law." If the cause of the sinking was a mine, it continued, "the minefield had not been notified, and If a torpedo, the act was an Infraction of the submarine protocol to which Germany had adhered." One of the vessels passengers, an American-born Frenchwoman who said she was going to France as a nurse, declared she was thrown off her feet by the explosion. "There was no panic, she said. The lifeboats were lowered without delay and we were taken aboard the Atlanticos. x x x The captain and the officers were keeping a sharp lookout and we were on the normal shipping route. Seven Nations I.nse Ships Seven nations have felt the price of sea warfare. Britain has lost 21 ships, France one, and Germany nine, not including an unknown number of submarines Britain says has been destroyed. The newspaper L'Intransigeant in Paris reported that It learned unofficially that the allied fleets to date have sunk two and captured eight German submarines. Among neutrals, the Netherlands has lost two vessels and Finland, Greece and Belgium one each. British naval experts said their losses at sea were not exceedingly great in, view of the large number of unprotected British vessels on the seas when war was declared. On the whole, they said, naval activity so far has been heavily in Britains favor. The following reasons were cited: 1. Britain's drive against sima-rines has been much more effective than during the first two Waeks of the World War, when only one U-boat was sunk. 2 Britain already has driven virtually all German shipping off the seas and during the first, week cf the war seized more than 76.000 tons of i contraband cargo bound lor Ger many on neutral vessels. These experts said losses of British vessels would diminish rapidly after the convoy system came fully into operation and that German submarines should not be a serious threat to British shipping. Mysterious Distress Signals Maritime circles were still uncertain of the source of mysterious un signed radio distress signals picked up yesterday by the Radiomarine Station at Chatham, Mass., and by Mackay Radio at New York City. It was believed, however, the signals, giving only the terse message "shelled by submarine, going down," had been flashed by the Fanad Head before it sank. Britain's belief her destroyers had cleared the sea lanes off South America was reflected in the announcement by the British Furness Prince Line that on Oct. 15 it would resume passenger service between New York and the east coast of South America. The 4, 570-ton German freghter Gonzenhelm disappeared from the "food fleet" anchorage off Montevideo and was thought to be attempting to slip through the British blockade with a cargo of wheat. Numerous other German merchantmen remained anchored in the sanctuary of South American ports. HEBRON BOY KILLED AT INTERSECTION Lebanon County's Eleventh Fatal Accident Tills Year Lebanon Four-year-old Charles George Newman, 75 Moravian st., Hebron, was killed instantly at 5:50 p. m., Friday when the rear wheel of a coal truck operated by Charles Zook, forty -four, Lititz R. D. 4, passed over his body, according to State Motor Policeman Clyde Sorver. Dr. John D. Boger, county coroner, who announced an inquest at 11 a. m. Saturday (today), said the child died of a ruptured liver. The driver was released pending the outcome of the inquest. Child Playing In Street The officer said he learned the child had been playing in the street at the intersection of Sixth avenue and Moravian street and stumbled as he tried to get out of the path of the truck which turned into Moravian street from Sixth avenue. The driver of the truck did not know the child was struck until somebody told him after he had driven about two squares from the scene. The boy was conveyed to the Good Samaritan hospital by Roy Rowe, 18 Moravian st., where he was pronounced dead. POLICE CIRCLES QUIET COATESVILLE, Sept. 16 Everything was quiet in Coatesville police circles Friday night for the first Friday night in many weeks. Only one prisoner was incarcerated and he was brought In from the borough of South Coatesville where he was arrested by Chief of Police Calvin Jackson on a charge of drunkenness and disorderly conduct. Local police reported that the number of lodgers at the police station Is on the increase, however. SHIPS (Continued From Page One) but Capt. George Gibbons, master of the liner, declined to tell what course he had followed In the six-day voyage, Passengers assumed the ship had gone far north because they saw no other vessels and the weather was cold and foggy. Made Resentful By Message Miller said G. K. Donald, American Consul at Southampton, summoned the Americans to the lounge Just before sailing and read the following message from Ambassador Kennedy: "Ambassador Kennedy feels that In addition to the other statements he has made, it is his duty to warn American citizens taking passage on vessels of belligerent nations that when such vessels are being convoyed, the opposing belligerent may take INTIMATES BREMEN HAS BEEN CAUGHT BY THE BRITISH MOSCOW, Sept. 16. (A. P.) The German Ambassador to Soviet Russia, Count Friedrich Von Der Schulenberg. today intimated that the $20,000,000 German liner Bremen, mysteriously unreported since she sailed from New York Aug. 30, had been captured by Britain. He said questions concerning the German merchant flagship should be referred to Winston Churchill, First Lord of the British Admiralty. American authorities were so kind as to hold up the Bremen for 22 hours and so far as I know the British have rather fast destroyers," the German Diplomat said in response to queries about reports the Bremen had reached Murmansk, Soviet Arctic port. "I should think the joint efforts Of the two powerful empires the United States and British should have been able to trap and take an unarmed German ship. (The Bremen sailed from New York without passengers only 36 hours before German troops marched into Poland). this opportunity to sink them without warning. This does not mean that convoyed vessels are more unsafe than unconvoyed vessels, but It is made purely to acquaint American passengers with the contingencies that might arise. Miller said "this very negative message" left the assembly "most Irate and resentful." "The spirit of the ship up to that time was very high, he explained. "That (the message) scared the gizzard out of us. Hearing that, many people became panic-stricken," Robert J. Landry, radio editor of Variety, the theatrical weekly, said he had "never seen such bad mob psychology in all my life of professional theatre-going." "This statement did not tell us what to do, and the consul refused to answer any questions or take any responsibilities,' he said. Sir Ashley Sparks, resident director in New York of the Cunard White Star line, said he thought the Ambassador's message "was perfectly all right from the Ambassadors point of view, but I certainly think It disturbed the people who had to sail." He said he believed only six passengers left the ship after the message was read. Seamen's Strike Again Delays U. S. Evacuation NEW YORK, Sept. 16. (A. P.) A strike by seamen demanding a cash bonus for entering war zones held up the departure today of three liners ordered by the State Department to pick up stranded Americans In Europe. Gangplanks had been pulled up ready for sailing last night when the crews made last-minute demands for a bonus of $250 perman for plying submarine-infested waters. Ships affected were the Scanstates of the American-Scantic Line and the United States liners American Traveler with 39 passengers and the American Trader with 53. The Traveler and Trader were bound for English ports, the Scan-states for Oslo and Copenhagen. Stewards served dinners to the passengers, who later came on deck and relayed messages to watchmen a few feet away on the pier. Taking the delay nonchalantly, they were made comfortable by the crew and later given permission to leave. Most of the passengers were Britons retaining to England for volunteer war duty. Capt. George Fried, head of the U. S. Bureau of Steamboat Inspection and central figure in many a thrilling sea rescue, warned the crews cf the Traveler and Trader their certificates as seamen were jeopardized by their action. Newbold T. " awrence, general manager of the U.T.ted States Lines, said seven members of the Trader crew of 70 agreed to sail but othcs refused to obey orders of Capt. Harold Milae. He said no of I leers were involved. This was the second instance of delayed departure since the return of Americans abroad got under way. The liner President Roosevelt sailed eight hours late Sept. 6 when similar demands were made. LINDBERGH (Cniillnued From Page One) FIVE x x x An ocean Is a formidable bar- rler even for modern aircraft. "Now that war has broken out again, -he said, "we In America have a decision to make on which the destiny of our nation depends. We must decide whether or not we Intend to become forever involved In this ag?-old struggle between the nations of Europe. Keep Out, He Urges "Let us not delude ourselves. If we enter the quarrels of Europe during war, we must stay In them in time of peace as well. It is madness to send our soldiers to be killed as we did in the last war it we turn the course of peace over to the greed, the fear, and the Intrigue of European nations. We must either keep out of European wars entirely, or stay In European affairs permanently. "In making our decision, this point la clear: These wars In Europe are not wars In which our civilization Is defending itself against some Asiatic intruder. There Is no Ghengis Kahn or Xerxes marching against our Western nations. "This Is not a question of banding together to defend the white race against foreign invasion. This is simply one more of those age-old quarrels within our family of nations a quarrel arising from the errors of the last war from the failure of the victors of that war to follow a consistent policy either of fairness or of force. "Arbitrary boundaries can only be maintained by strength of arms. The Treaty of Versailles eitner had to be revised as time passed, or England and France, to be successful, had to keep Germany weak by force. Neither policy was followed; Europe wavered back and forth between the two. As a result, another war has begun, a war which is likely to tie far more prostrating than the last, a war which will again kill off the best youth of Europe, a war which may even lead to the end of our Western civilization." Since 1918, he said, a generation has passed, Europe has not yet recovered before plunging Into another war, and America Is "still paying for her part in the last conflict. "European countries were both un-able and unwilling to pay their debts to us," he added, "Our safety docs not He In fighting European wars," .he said at another point. It lies In our own internal strength. In the character of the American people and of American institutions. As long as we maintain an Army, Navy and air force worthy of the name, as long as America does not decay within, we need fear no Invasion of this country. DOCTOR FOR 50 YRS. I)r. S. II. Sen! I. Chief of Stuff of CoateMille Hospital Since 1 f I i ELIZABETHTOWN ROTARY MEETS Club Presen I Scholarship To Eliza hethfnwn College COATESVILLE, Sept. 16 (A. P.) Honored recently by the State Medical Society on completion of 50 years In the profession, Dr. S. Horace Scott said today there Is "a great future ahead for the young doctor a world of opportunity." Dr. Scott has teen chief of staff at Coatesville Hospital since 1912. RED CROSS CALI, COATESVILLE, Sept. 16 Preliminary plans for the annual Red Cross roll call, which this year will be inaugurated November 11, were made at a Red Cross board meeting yesterday. Captain Charles Rodgers, Mrs. W. J. Bassett. Miss Marian Wilson, the Rev. H. S. Paynter, G. Donald Spackinan. Miss Isabel Hatfield, Wayne MacVeaqh and Stanley Ruth attended the session. Miss Willson, in charge of the Red Cross office, stated that 42 cases were opened In May, 43 in June and 38 in July. ELIZABETHTOWN, Sept, 16. The committee on Boys Work had charge of the program at the luncheon meeting of the Elizabethtown Rotary club yesterday at the Kennewood hotel. Samuel E. Dibble, superintendent of the Patton Trade school, In behalf of the club, presented a scholarship to the Elizabethtown college, which was accepted for the college, by Dr. Ralph W. Schlos.ser, president, who also extended to the club the thanks of the Institution, Dr. A. C. Biugher, dean of the college, gave a short, talk on "Scholarships. An Investment in Youth," Harry K. Dorsheimer spoke on "Keeping Your Ideals High and Your Conduct Beyond Reproach. Fifty-six members were in attendance and visiting Rotarians were Joe Shultz, of Trenton. New Jersey; Christ Walters, of Mt. Joy; Herbert G. Eieher, of Harrisburg; G. D. Spring, of York; I Rev. Walter s. Johnson, of Lebanon; ILou J Vandergrift and R. C. Good, 1 of Lancaster, and John M. Miller, of Lititz. Arthur M. Parker was a guest of S. G. Bishop and L. Washburn and A. C. Hood, guo.-ds of John M. Barber, The United States Post Office department's philatelic truck, which has been traveling all over the country, will be in Lancaster on October 31. Thp truck is scheduled to vi.-.t York, November 1. FIREMEN IN PARADE COATFSVILLE, Sept. 16 Members of West End Fire company, augmented by firemen from the Brandies and Washies, went to Phoenixville this afternoon to take part in a fireman's celebration there. Phcenlxville's West End company will dedicate a new piece of fire apparatus and the Vest End company of Coatesville will do the official housing. It is expected that several hundred firemen, isom-I here will attend. BRIDAL PARTY FEATURE OF WATT & SHAND'S OPEN HOUSE STYLE SHOW given Tuesday evening before an immense crowd. Standing from left to right are: Martha Brubaker, bridesmaid; Mary Brubaker, bridesmaid; David Snyder, best man; Thomas Lawrence, groom; Florence Weaver, bride; Helen Eaves, maid of honor; Virginia Burns, junior bridesmaid, and Mr. Park Doner, father of bride. Adv. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIilllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllHIHIIIIIIIIIilllilllllllillllilii Sam Houston! This leader joins the vast assemblage of patriots whose ancestors came from Lancaster County. Read the very interesting story of the Pequea Valley settlers in this week's issue of The SUNDAY NEWS. Three distress calls in two hours gives you some idea what radio operators mean to shipping. A local man, formerly in the service, tells his experience in this week's issue of The SUNDAY NEWS. S-O-S!!! 24 Pages of COMICS!! ALL Your FAVORITES . . . Etc. Complete I LOCAL NEWS I SPORTS SOCIETY FEATURES

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