Lancaster Intelligencer from Lancaster, Pennsylvania on December 20, 1893 · 3
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Lancaster Intelligencer from Lancaster, Pennsylvania · 3

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Lancaster, Pennsylvania
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Wednesday, December 20, 1893
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THE LANCASTER SEMI-WEEKLY IXTEEEIGEXCEli, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1803. HON. JAMES BLACK DEAD f r 9 THE GREAT DIES TEMPERANCE ADVOCATE OF PXEDIO.MA. A Sketcli of Ills Long and Eventful Career An Enemy of Liquor Since Youth Once Ran For President. Hon. James Black died at his residence, No 323 North Duke street, at 8 o'clock on Saturday. lie was in failing health JAMES BLACK. for some time, hut it was only within a day or two that his illness was considered to be dangerous. The cause of his death was pneumonia. - Mr. Black was horn in Lewisburg, Union county, Pa., on the 23d of September, 1833, He was the eldest son of the late John Black, of Lancaster, a contractor who in his time built some of the most important railroad and other public works in this country and in Canada. James remained with his parents in Lewisburg until he was about twelve years of age, working on a farm and, like President Garfield, for several summers in his boyhood drove horses and mules on the Pennsylvania and Union canals. 1 is parents left Lewisburg is the spring of 1830 and removed to Lancaster, bringing James along with them, and the lad was employed during the summers of 1830 and 1837 sawing lath in a sawmill on the Conestoga. In 1839, when only sixteen years of age, he became a member of the engineer corps engaged in completing the Susquehanna and Tidewater canal, running from Columbia borough to Havre-de-Ciraee. Daring the year 1841, '43 and '43 he attended school at the academy of Lewisburg, where he completed his English education and became well grounded in Latin and Greek. In 1844, being of age, he began the study of law with James F. Linn, of Lewisburg, and in the following year returned to Lancaster, completing his legals studies under the preeeptorship of Col. Wm. B. Fordney, and was admitted to the bar in 1840. For many years he practiced his profession in the Lancaster courts. v ' Mr. Black gained, his greatest distinction as a temperance worker. From his boyhood he has been a total abstinent. It is related of him that when he was 16 years old, working among a gang of en gineers on the tidewater canal, all oi whom drank liquor, he became intoxicated. On sobering up he was so ashamed and di.-gusted with himself that he prayed God to preserve him from another such humiliation; and the prayer appears to have been answered, as from that day to this he has not only eschewed drink, but has been a leading spirit in the crusade against it. In 1840 he connected himself with the first temperance organization that presented itself to his notice. This was one of the old Washington associations in which men "took the pledge" of total abstinence and induced others-to do so; held weekly rneetings,fgathered in the men and women of the neighborhood; had temperance lectures, and did outside work in the cause of temperance reform. Much good was accomplished, but much drunkenness still prevailed in the community, and more efficient measures were deemed necessary to check the terrible evil. In 181G Mr. Black helped to organize Conestoga division of Sons of Temperance of this city. The order spread with great rapidity in all parts of the country, but to the grief of the "Sons" and the "Daughters of Temperance" dram drinking and drunkenness continued to prevail. More effective measures were deemed necessary, and in 1852 the temperance men resolved to enter the political arena. A temperance country convention was called, and by unanimous consent James Black was appointed chairman. A temperance legislative ticket was nominated, and a few days afterwards Mr. Black delivered his first public temperance speech at Conestoga Centre, making a strong argument in favor of the adoption of a prohibition liquor law. During the com- piign he was the acknowledged leader of the Prohibition party, spoke to large audiences in different parts of the county, and collected considerable money to carry on the campaign. When the election came on the old political parties were astonished to find that the Prohibitionists had polled 1,800 votes. In the succeeding year, 1853, they increased their vote to 3,G00; in 1854 to 5,400,"and in 1855 by combination with other parties they succeeded in electing two out of fiue mem bers to the state Legislature. These results were largely due to Mr. Black's incessant labors. He was not only the leader of the Prohibition party in the county, but was a member of the state central Prohibition committee from 1853 to 1850, and chairman oi select committee to interrogate tie candidates for governor (Pollock and Biglur) in the campaign of 1854 as to their views on prohibition. In the campaigns of 1853-4 Mr. Black not only contributed to the county campaigns, but paid out of his private resources $500 per year into the stat temperance treasury. The Prohibition party was not in politics to any exfctui from 18.57 to 1865. The Missouri compromise, followed - by the civil war, absorbed the attention of the people and prohibition was practically overlooked, In 1859 Mr. , Black conceived the idea of starting a Temperance Publication society to furnish temperance literature on the general plan of the Methodists, Presby teiian and other publication societies in existence for furnishing religious reading to their respective denominations. He wrote an article on the subject for the American Temperance Union which was favorably received. The intense excitement then existing and the fouryears of war that followed prevented auy immediate action. In 1865. after the war closed a national temperance meeting was held. Mr. Black presented to it a carefully prepared paper in advocacy of the publication house. It met with hearty approval and a committee of twelve was appointed, with Mr. Black as chairman, to raise $190,-000 and provide for the organization of the publication society. Associated with him were eleven of the leading Prohibitionists of the United States. Upon Mr. Black as originator of the scheme devolved the principal labor of the organization. He wrote out the plan, the charter, constitution, by-laws, rules of order, rules of publication, &c. These he printed and sent to the members of the joint committee and to other prominent temperance men throughout the union, accompanied by letters asking for amendments. With trilling exceptions these men approved the work he had so well done. He then called the committee together ; his plan was unanimously approved, and the "National Temperance Society and Publication House " was or ganized. Since its organization this publication house has issued thousands of publication?, aggregating many hundred thousands volumes and millious of pages. In 1857 Mr. Black organized Lancaster Lodge of Good Templars. This organization spread rapidly, and in 1833 a state organization was formed of representatives of the lodges throughout the commonwealth. He was elected the first grand worthy chief templar, and was re-elected for three successive years. During his administration as chief officer the lecture system was introduced. At the session of the Right Worthy Grand Lodge of the United States, held in Nashville in I860, Mr. Black was chairman of the committee on the state of the order, and held the position for several years, contributing a number of t emperance papers that attracted much attention. In 18G4 he was elected right worthy grand councillor, and prepared a memorial to President Lincoln on the subiect of the abolition of the whisky ration. At the request of the Grand Lodge he also wrote his celebrated "Cider Tract," a naper aimed at those temperance people who indulged in cider drinking. The tract was accepted as an authority on the question, and the cider drinkers were compelled to give up the beverage or leave the order. He was prominent in securing the .union of the Sons of Temperance and Good Templars for political action, and at the joint convention of both orders he was made the first president. At the national Prohibition convention in Cleveland, Ohio, when it was decided to enter politics, Mr. Black was on the committee on resolutions and wrote the platform of that body. In 1871, at the urgent request of a friend and client, who owned the Black Barren mineral springs property, in the lower end of this county, Mr. Black bought the property at sheriff's sale and held it for his frieud for several years. Owing to financial difficulties his friend was unable to redeem it, and as the property was running down in value Mr. Black took entire possession of it in 1878, and from that time on improved it. To-day it is one of the finest farms in the lower end, and the spring upon it is regarded as one of the best mineral springs in the country. Mr. Black recently purchased 130 acres of land adjoining the Black Barren Springs, and he was at the time of his death engaged in sheep raising, having extensive herds upon the grazing lands just purchased. On the 1st and 2d of September 18G9, the "National Prohibition Party" was organized in Chicago, and James Black was president of the convention. He was chairman ot the national rroiuoition committee from 1870 to 1880, and had much to do with Outlining and writing the party platforms. At the national convention in 1872 he wa3 made the Prohibition candidate for president of the United States. In that campaign the total Prohibition Arote of the country was only o,G08. Mr. Black was not disheartened by the small vote polled. He held to his dying day that the time was not far distant, when Pro be the absorbing national e wet a settlement very soon got iuio deep water. Mr. Black arose, made a lew practical suggestions, tne.iorce oi which were acknowledged by all present, and by unanimous consent he was appointed to draft a report, which was adopted, and resulted in the foreclosing of the mortgages against the old company under the title ol the bunbury, llazelton & Wilkesbarre railroad. It is now owned by the Pennsylvania railroad, and is a part of its system, and its bonds, which were almost worthless, now pay a hand some dividend. Mr. Black was a member of Monterey Lodge of Odd Fellows for many years. He was a trustee of that lodge until a few years ago, when he retired on account of failing health. Mr. Black's wife died several vears ago. His surviving children are Mrs. E. Lane Schofield, of Chambersburg, whose hus band died a lew weeks ago; and Capt. Wm. Black, of the United States army. His surviving brothers are John, druggist, on East German street; llham, ot Williamsport, and Reuben, of North Dakota.. MUST BE MORE CAREFUL ALDERHAl WHO RETURN CHARGES WILL .NOT GET BASEL'S FEES. Judge Brubaker Dismisses a Number of Surety and Desertion Cases and Refuses to Allow Officers Costs. FUESCOLN'S HORSES. They Are Made tlie Subject of a Sermon by Rev. J. W. Meminger. There was a large congregation at St. Paul's Reformed church on Sunday evening to hear a special sermon by Rev. J. W. Meminger on "The Christian citizen and the Reservoir." He took for his text Philippians i., 27: "Let your manner of life be worthy of the Gospel of Christ." The basis of the sermon was the recent raid by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals on the stock of Contractor S. W. Frescoln, at the new reservoir. He began his sermon by saying that it was the minister's right as a citizen and moral teacher to speak of what concerns the life and welfare of a community. All governments are ordained of God, and the purpose of government is to chas tise those who do evil. The main object of government is to make it easy for all to do right and hard for all people to do wrong. . The responsibility of governments rest with the people. They elect officers, but have as much to do with the enforcement of the law as officers. He then referred to the cruelty with which ContractorFres-coln had treated his stock and dwelt upon the testimony that would be presented in the trial of the cases, as reduced to writing and sworn to by the witnesses. This testimony, he said, he had the privilege of examining, and from it he noted these facts: That 123 horses were beaten or starved to death since work was begun on the new reservoir ; that horses were beaten and cut with sharp edges of shovels in the hands of employes ; that horses were worked with sores on them as large as the rim of a man's hat ; that horses were beaten and cut on these sores to make them do more work; that on one occasion a horse was knocked down and let lay for two days in the heat of the summer, without food or drink ; that the contrac tor was seen to throw down two horses, who were too weak to work, and beat them until his rage was expended. In conclusion he said that if the officers of the city had done their duty, and the citizens of Lancaster had done their duty, such things would not have occurred. hibition will question. Mr. Black book- worm. has from boyhood been a Tue first money he earned' in driving mules on the Union canal he invested in books. From that time to the day of his death he has been adding to his library, and at the time of his death he had one of the largest and best libraries in the city. His collection of temperance publications is the largest and most valuable in the world embracing over 1,100 bound volumes, 2,000 distinct pamphlets, and 5,000 distinct tracts, and so well were they arranged in his library that he could iay his hand on any one of them at a moment's notice. He was the author of several works. Among them were, "Is there a necessity for a Prohibition party," "A history of the Prohibition Party," "The Prohibition Party." . Mr. Black was a member of the M. E. church since 1842. He was a trustee of the Duke street church from 1846 to 1873, and a member of the board of stewards of the Philadelphia conference for many years. He did probably more than any other man to organize the East King street mission. He was a Sunday school teacher for many yeara, and for thirty years consecutively was superintendent of the school, resigning a few years ago on account of impaired health. While Mr. Black never took a very prominent position at the Lancaster bar as an attorney in criminal or civil practice, he was always the foremost man in scrutinizing the applications for liquor license and opposing all against whom there were remonstrances or where there was the slightest leasons why the application should not be granted. He was a very successful pension agent, and he secured more pensions than any man in the business in this community. In 1S50-52 Mr. " Black was financial agent in the construction of the Atlantic & St. Lawrence railroad (now known as the " Grand Trunk line " from Montreal, Canada, to Portland, Me., a distance of 300 miles) which was built by Mr. Black's father and John M. Wood. In 18G9 he became one of twenty-six who organized the "Ocean Grove association," now one of the most popular watering places on the Atlantic coast. He was one of the officers of the association at the time of his death. From 1839 to 1833 .Mr. Black was the local ngdut of the Mutual Life Insurance company of New York, and in this capacity insured an immense number of lives. A stress of other business compelled him to relinquish the agency. ( About the year 1882 he was one of the iuterested parties who attended a meeting of the creditors of the Danville, Hazel-ton & Wilkesbarre railroad company, of which his father was a heavy bondholder. The company had defaulted and the creditors ( who attended the meeting to A Bold Robbery at Eplirata. Epiieata, Dec. 18. On Saturday night hmanuel Cohen's store, known as the "Baltimore clothing house," on Church street, this borough, was robbed of goods amounting to very nearly 3d, 000. The room on bunday morning presented a disordered appearance. A number of overcoats, many suits, shoes, underwear, neckties and iewelry were taken. He has his stock insured. The same man's store was robbed twice before, once in Eliza- bethtown and once in Manheim. An en trance was gained by boring a hole in the shutter and lifting the hooks with a bent wire. The brace and bit and two wires were found in the store. II. C. Gemper-ling says the brace and bit belong to him. A little tin coal oil lamp was also found. A do a: was in the store at the same time, and Mr. Cohen's clerk slept in an adjoin ing room in the same building, it is supposed that the robbery was committed some time after midnight; but there is no clue more than three suspicious, well dressed tramps were seen in Ephrata during last week. Married on Sunday. William F. Sultzbach, clerk of the City hotel, was married on Sunday to Miss Alice It. Otto, daughter of Mrs. Amanda Otto, of 13 Hazel street. The ceremony was performed at noon at the bride's home and C. F. Haupt, of Grace Lutheran church, was the officiating clergyman. The maid of honor was Miss Sadie Sultzbach, sister of the groom; the bridesmaid was Annie K. Otto, sister of the bride. They were accompanied by Oliver H. Kreider and Jacob R. Otto. H. H. Lucken-bach had charge of the organ, playing the wedding march. The party were elegantly dressed and presented a fine appearance. After the wedding a reception was given which was largely attended by prominent people of Lancaster. Among the number was a large delegation of boarders from the City hotel, who came to congratulate the bride and groom, who received many handsome presents. Two Postmasters Appointed. D. M.Aument has been appointed postmaster at Strasburg to succeed Miss L. E. Hull. The latter was married recently and that was the cause of removal. Fred. Gerth has been appointed postmaster at Millersville to succeed J. H. Staufi'er. Mr. Gerth was postmaster at the same place during President Cleveland's first term and gave the best of satisfaction. He is a prominent Democrat. Death of Mrs. Caroline B. Ream. Mrs. Caroline B. Ream, widow of the late Dr. John Ream, of Rohrerstown, died on Friday afternoon at the residence of her son-in-law, Recorder H. C. Lehman, of 110 South Prince street, this city, after a lingering illness, in the 8Sth year of her age, leaving surviving her two sons and five daughters. The funeral will take place on Monday afternoon at one o'clock to proceed to the German Reformed church at Rohrerstown, where the funeral services will be held. Died in Ilarrisburg. Mrs. Mattie Ritchie, wife of George Ritchie, a Pennsylvania railroad conductor, died at her home in JEIarrisburg on Friday morning. She was born in Lancaster, and was 5G years of age. She was a daughter D. McDonaldson, and after she was married they moved toColumbia, where they lived for years. They afterwards moved to Harrisburg. She leaves two sons, Charles and Joseph. The interment will be made at Columbia, on Monday, Court met at 10 o'clock on Saturday for the disposition of desertion and surety of peace cases. The desertion case against Frank Minim was dismissed. It was stated that the parties are now living together and are too poor to pay the costs. Wm. J. Bowman was charged by his wife Mary with deserting her. She said she lived in Earl township, and that her husband deserted her ten weeks ago. The trouble between , her and her husband was through his father and mother. They told him to slap and kick her occasionally, that it would do her good. He did so frequently. Her .husband deserted her one before and she went back" to him, but he did not do any better. The husband said his wife abused him and it was only after she struck him with a stove lifter that he left. He said he had no work and could . do nothing towards his wife's support. The court directed him to pay 1 per week until he gets work. A desertion case against Herman Goeke was dismissed, the complaint having been made when the wife was suffering from temporary dementia. - Frank Boley was called to answer a charge of surety of the peace. It was stated that there was an assault and batterv case growing out of the same difficulty that was disposed of at the November sessions. The court directed the dismissal of the case and gave orders that no costs should be paid. J udge Livingston, agreed with him in the conclusion reached that hereatter costs will not be paid on surety of peace cases where there were assault and battery complaints. it such surety of the peace cases are hereafter returned, the costs may be put on the prosecutors. The desertion and surety of the peace cases against Richard Boddy were continued to the January sessions. The parties are living together and to see whether they continue to do so the cases were passed to the January term. The desertion case against James Hodges was continued to the January term to give the defendant time to raise the costs. He has been paying his wife a weekly sum for her maintrnance since the last term ot the court. W. M. Beam, of Earl, was charged by his wife Emma with desertion. She claimed that he left her last June and want to his parents' home. He had no provocation to leave her. He claimed that he went to his parents to stay for a day, but denied having deserted her. He admitted that he had caused a suit of adultery to be entered against his wife. The court ordered him to pay $2 per week for the support of his wife. John Leachey, at one time employed at the electric car sheds, wa3 charged by his wife with desertion. In the absence of several witnesses for the prosecution the final hearing was continued to the January sessions. The surety of peace against Roland ns Johns was dismissed.' The wife is now in the insane asylum in Philadelphia. Edward Shay was partially heard on a charge of desertion. His wife said she was willing te go to her husband if he provided a home for her. He agreed to do so and the case was continued to January to give the parties a chance to get together. Jacob Chambers, city, was charged with threatening his wife Mary, of No. 548 Green street. Jacob said he was in jail for 11 weeks and the court dismissed the complaint on condition that Jacob remained away from his wife's house when under the influence of liquor. Rachel and Benjamin S. Breneman sued each other for surety of peace. The wife said her husband threatened her and the husband said his wife attempted to kill him with a butcher knife. The court dismissed the complaint against the wife and put the husband under 500 bail to keep the peace. Rebecca Presberry and Mary S. Leaman charged each other with surety of the peace. These parties were neighbors and had a quarrel ; as a result of the quarrel threats were made. . Judge Brubaker asked who returned these cases and was told that Alderman Halbach returned one and Alderman Dellet the other. The testimony as to the return made by Alderman Dellet was that he said there was not sufficient testimony to warrant the return to court but he had APUPILS' RECITAL, Music of High Character Rendered at the State Normal School. MiiXEasviiXK, Dec. 15. This evening Misses Emory, Twitmire and Trowbridge and their pupils in instrumental and vocal music gave an entertainment to the nnblic in theNormal school chapel. These entertainments are very popular at the Normal,and are always looking forward to with a great deal of pleasurable anticipation by the students and lovers of music in the Vicinityof the school.The manner in which this evening's line programme was executed fully sustained the high standard which has characterized all similar performances at the school. The parents and friends of the performers were present from Lancaster ; and all parts of the county. The audience was large, but the best of order prevailed and the closest attention was given. All the numbers on the programme were well received and were heartily applauded. The majority of the performances had to be repeated to satisfy the enthusiastic audience. The stage presented a very pleasing appearance. A bank of palms and delicate flowers was arranged on either side of three pianos which occupied the centre of the stage. Two piano lamps, decorated with smilax, helped to complete the tasteful effect. The following is the programme: Ladies' chorus, "Blow, Soft Winds," (Vincent); vocal duet, "Coming Home," (Sullivan ),Miss Hattie Lentz, Mr. Zur-fing; vocal solo, "The Life of Love is But a Day," (Komzak), Miss Cecilia Ha-ger; violin obligato, Mr. Greenawalt; rjiano trio. "Rondeau." Rummel , Miss Martin, Miss Trowbridge, Miss Daisy Rohrer: vocal solo, "The Song That Reached My Heart," (Jordan), Miss Budding: ladies' quartette. "Sunshine After the Rain," (Tadell), Miss Emma Herr, Miss Duer, Miss Wales, Miss Margaret Lentz: vocal solo, "Kathleen Mavour- neen," Mrs. Gill; piano duet, "Military Rondo, "(Bohm), Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Apple; vocal solo, "Spring Flowers,"! Kemecke), MissM. E. Loch er, obligato, Mr. Greenawalt ; vocal solo, "TheErl King," (Schubert), C. S. Savior: piano quartette, Jubel overture, (Weber,) Miss Trowbridge, Miss Emory, Twitmire, Miss Lawson; vocal solo, '"The Chalet Horn," (Glover) Miss Lou Rohrer; cornet, Mr. Greenawalt; piano sextette, oauet . music, ragnon-celli), Miss Pretzman, Miss Wales, Miss Kendig, Miss Cook, Miss Min nie Bailsman, Miss May Hull ; vocal solo, 'Dreams," (Strelezki), Miss. Mar garet Reillv; piano duo, "Bohemian Airs," (Piraui), Miss Cook, Miss Cling vocal solo, "Summer," (Chaminade) Miss Mayer; vocal sextette, "Serenade," (Smart), Miss Krauskop, Miss Emory, Miss Lantz, Mr. Bozart, Mr. Herr, Mr Saylor. to do so to get his costs. The court dismissed both complaints and directed that neither of these two aldermen shall get costs. . J. A. Reineer and Mildred Reineer were charged with having made threats against EllaSuter. All the parties live in one house on Beaver street. The prosecutrix said that the girl threatened her but the man did not. The threat made was that the girl would knock hell out of her. The cases were dismissed, with no costs to be paid to Alderman Halbach, who returned them. Wm. Nagle was called to answer a charge of threatening John Miller. The defendant did not answer, and the court examined the complaint and ruled that there was nothing in it to indicate a specific threat. The case was dismissed with no costs for AldermanDonnelly, who returned it. Mary Fissel, of Columbia, charged her husband with desertion. He agreed to provide a home for his wife, and the court gave him until January to do so. The desertion case against Charles Rost was dismissed. He and his wife are now living together. Mary Jane Book, of Faegleysville, charged Sallie Burkhart with having threatened to mash her face. The court dismissed the complaint with no costs for Alderman D. L. Deen, who returned the case. Lucinda Moore, of Quade's court, was charged by Susan Wettig, of Mifflin street, with having threatened to break her neck. The case was dismissed as too trivial, with no costs for Alderman Spoo, who returned it. A surety of the peace case against Robert Shirk, preferred by George II. Martin, was dismissed, the complaint being frivolous. No costs are allowed Alderman Dellet, who returned it. A MOTIOSf TO QUASH. Counsel for S. W. Frescoln, et al., indicted for cruelty to animals, filed a motion to quash the indictments. The grounds alleged is as already published, that the alderman did not give the defendants an apportunity to pay a fine, but returned the cases to Court contrary to the act of assembly. Daniel Loose Ruried. Schoexeck, Dec. 18. The funeral of Daniel Loose was largely attended. He was beloved by all who knew him. He was a farmer and lived near Durlach, Pa. He leaves a widow and three children. There will be a hog chase at the public house ol Llam Mellmger on Saturday alternoon. Adam Heinsey and wife, John II. Stuber and family, Harry Gerhart and family, Levi Kuch and wife, and L. K. Harting were the guests of Peter Hurting and family. A. T. Loose and wife, of nearVinemont, Berks county, paid a short visit to W, L, Stober, last week. miss bopnie nagey, or near Clay, was the guest of Miss Cora Wechter, last week j onn iiartman ana wile, ot Clay, were the guest of Peter Harting and family. last Aveek. Henry Bingeman moved from this place to his brother's, near Newtown. Jacob Henly, of near Mt. Airy, moved m the house vacated by Solomon Ressler. Allen Stuber, of Mt. Airy, moved to Edwin Stieff 's. farmers have begun strip- Some of our ping tobacco. Mr. and Mrs. E. Hauck, of guest of Andrew last week. L. K. Harting and Phares Gockleysville, were the L. Hauck and family A Thief Makes a Haul. On Saturday evening there was a daring house robbery at the Schiller house, on North Queen street, which is kept by M J. Lasch, who came here recently from Philadelphia. It is supposed that it oc curred in the neighborhood of eight o'clock on Saturday evening and the thief must have been well acquainted with the premises. In one of the back rooms small iron safe, which a man could easily carry under his coat, was kept. The thief carried the whole thing off. In it was over $200 in money besides a lot of jewelry and valuable papers. The thief must have done his work very quickly and after getting the safe he quickly lied from the place. There were papers in the safe which are very valuable to Mr. Basch although of little account to anv one else, and a reward of S50 is offered for thei return. A Church to Be Dedicated. Ephkata, Dec. 18. The new First Reformed church, of which Rev. S Schweitzer is pastor, will be dedicated on Sunday, January 7, 1&94. Ministers will be present to assist Rev. Schweitzer in the exercises of this occasion. The ser vices oi the .Lincoln choir nave been en gaged for the afternoon and evening. The services will begin Saturday evening and continue Sunday morning, afternoon and evening. Rev. J. W. Meminger, pastor of St Paul's Reformed church, Lancaster, will preach in the new church oh Friday evening, January o. Large Prices for Stalls. On Saturday Alderman Gundaker, auctioneer, sold for the market committee of councils the stalls in the Central market house. The highest price was paid by W. G. Albright, who gave $150 for a double stall, Nos. 141 and 142. This is the highest price that a double stall has ever brought. Others brought nigh figures and the sale realized $6,434 in all 214 stalls were sold and lour re main. An Old Resident. Susanna Schille, a maiden lady 97 years old, died at the county hospital onhatur day afternoon. Her death was lrom in firmities incident to old age. She was an inmate of the hospital for two years, and was sent there lrom Columbia. to New Trial Refused. The court has refused a new trial James B. Shade, convicted at the Novem ber term of the criminal court of arson He will be sentenced on Saturday. Tor the New Hospital. Lancaster Council, No. 012, of the Jr O. U. A. M., have made a contribution of $40 to furnish a room in the new general hospital. They also agreed to, pay $5 per year lor the privilege ol visiting and in specting the hospital every three months MARUIED THE FOUR SISTERS. A Man's Curious Matrimonial Experiences Down in Tennessee. A Mnrfrcesboro, Tenn., dispatch to the Philadelphia Time says : Living in the mountains of this county is a family which has a singular history in a matri monial way. The father owns a little arm and four daughter, or did own the latter. A man named Phillips, about fifteen years ago, married the eldest of these daughters, agd after a few years of married life the lady ran away with the I husband's sworn enemy. He procured a divorce from her and wooed the second sister and took her home, but the next day the woman turned up at home and said she wouldn't live with Phillips, and after a time succeeded in getting legally free from him. Then the third sister, undaunted by what had gone before, married the hus band of her two sisters. Soon alter this the fellow was sent to the penitentiary for an offense that kept him there three years, and when he t ame out he found that his wile's hckle iancy Had strayed while he was absent, and had fixed itself upon a neighbor, John Callahan. By law she was entitled to a divorce from her husband, as he was a convicted felon, so getting it she married her lover. In the meantime the nrst wife had found that the man with whom she had eloped would not marry her afterPhillips had divorced her, and returneil home. Then Mrs. Callahan wanderefVbacktoher father, for her husband No. 2 could not or would not support her. So in this way the old man had once more his lour ughters on his hands, and Phillips was still iree. The voungest daughter was now about 18 and she also fell a victim to the fasci nation the man Phillips appears to have exerted over them all at first, and becoming infatuated with him consented to marry him. Phillips wentj to the father for the lourth time to ask lor a daughter's hand and was told that he might have her on condition that he kept her. Phillips promised, and the ceremony was to take place the following night, when the ex-wives, growing jealous, armed themselves and swore that the marriage should never take place, bo Phillips rode to town and swore out a warrant against the sisters, telling of their threats. The women were sworn then to keep the peace, but Phillips thought it prudent, however, to run away with his bride to Kentucky and marry her there. this time his matri monial venture seems to have terminated happily, for he has three children and is prospering. - TEACHERS' INSTITUTES TWO INTERESTING DISTRICT GATHERINGS ON SATURDAY. Sessions Held at Manheim and at Ephrata Essays, Debates, Addresses and Music Features of the Meetlnsrs. HE TRIED SAM JONES' STYLE. But Parson Davidson's Congregation Had Him Arrested For Swearing in the Pulpit. Rev. Sam Jones has for several weeks been carrying on revival services at Bir mingham, Ala., and his customary epithets, "You dirty yellow hound dog," You imp ol hell," and other such ex pressions, were frequently used by the noted evangelist in addressing his congre-tions. Parson Isaac Davidson, who presides over a small negro church a few miles from Birmingham, was a regular attendant at the meetings. He was a eat admirer of the Rev. Jones' style, and decided to cultivate it. Accordingly, Sunday a week ago he treated his congregation to a new kind of jtfeaching, which was in strong contrast to his former meek and lowly talk. "You black devils ! You imps of hell ! You old sow cats !" he began. . , "Kill him!" shouted a big black brother, who sat near the front and to whom the preacher appeared to address his remarks. " Kill him ! " was echoed through the congregation. The good old sisters joined in the cry, and soon the congregation was upon him. Finally some charitable person suggested he was crazy and the parson's own wife endorsed this assertion. He was secured and watched like a maniac. He explained that he was trying Sam Jones' tactics on his congregation, but they, not having heard that exhorter, could not be con vinced that these methods were custo mary, and had tne parson arrested lor using cuss words" in the pulpit. He has not as vet had his trial. Wheat as a Milk Producer. A Reading dispatch to the Philadelphia Ledfjer says: Philadelphia's milk con sumers may probably be interested in an experiment of the farmers of the Schuylkill Valley, whence that city receives large quantities of its milk. Recently increased shipments of milk have been made. Wheat, in rough figures, sells at less that G5 cents, and, owing to its low price, many farmers are chopping theirs and feeding it to cattle. - They say that bran is a cent a pound, corn nearly a cent a pound, oats a cent a pound, and wheat a cent a pound, and that, as wheat has at least one-third more milk producing qualities, it is cheaper at, present prices to feed it than corn or anything else. By actual test it was learned that 00 pounds of wheat make more milk than and of better quali ty than the same quanti ty of corn or almost any other class ofjeed, and t is stated that since Schuylkill Valley shippers are feeding wheat to their cows their milk is pronounced of a higher standard of excellence. Farmers say that they cannot' afford to raise wheat for flour making processes unless they get 90 cents to$l a bushel. The ninth annual teachers' institute of the Ephrata district, comprising Ephrata and Adamstown boroughs, East and West Cocalico, Ephrata, Cloy and West Earl townships, was held in the Ephrata baud hall on Saturday and was quite a success, considering the weather. The morning session opened at 9::30 o'clock, Rev. J. W. Smith, of the Lutheran church, leading in the devotional exercises. After the salutatory address by the president, Professor S. II. Bard, the first feature of the programme was a paper on "Attention" by Prof. H. B. Matz, principal of Adamstown schools. The paper was discussed by Messrs H. E. Gehman, S. G. Zerfass, William Riddle, C. S. Jacoby, A. S. Klein and F. S. Klinger. This was followed by "The American Teacher," an excellent essay read by Miss Annie Sanderson, of the Ephrata high school. Win. Riddle, of the American Book compauy, then gave an address, taking for his theme "Ye Olden Times and the Present," after which the institute adjourned until after dinner. The afternoon session opened promptly at 1:30 o'clock. . Prof. J. M. Fry read a good paper on the "Moral Training of Children" which was further discussed by S. G. Zerfass and Miss Anna Sanderson. Miss Carrie Walker next gave a very pleasing recitation. The regular participants on "The development of American citizenship in our public schools" not being present Messrs. S. G. Zerfass and J. K. Maurer were called upon to elucidate the above subject, and both acquitted themselves well. "How to develop a taste for good literature" was the subject of a good essay by Miss Maud Davis. This was followed by a fine recitation by Miss Minnie Spickler, after which the query box was conducted by l'rof. H. E. Gehman, and it proved a very interesting feature. The evening session opened at 7::0 o'clock, the first feature being music, by Miss Anna Eberly. A finely executed piano solo was then given by, Miss Nora Connell, after which Hon. J. Howard Jacobs, of the Reading bar, was introduced and gave a very fine lecture on "Man, the Architect of his own fate." A vocal solo by Miss Anna Sanderson wan much appreciated and Miss Carrie Walker recited so well that she was forced to reply to an encore after the institute ad- journed. T. C. Reddig was the efficient musical director of the occasion, and Miss Mary Weaver officiated as accompanist. The attendance was not as large as in former years, and there seemed to be a lack of interest on the part of some teachers. Resolutions were adopted denouncing school book trusts, demanding moio recognition at the hands of directors and the usual code of thanks were passed. On the whole the institute was a success. Proceedings of Manheim's Institute. Manheim, Dec. 18. The local teachers' institute, including Manheim borough, Penn and part of Rapho township, met in the high school room on Saturday. In the absence of the secretary Miss Alta M. Shaeffer was elected to fill the vacancy. Rev. S. C. Enck, pastor of the U. B. church, conducted the devotional exercises, after which the president, J. J. Behney, delivered the opening address. After the appointment of committees, the question " Overcrowded Schools" was discussed by Lillian Wilbur and Sue Stntcnroth. Music, " Harvest Song," followed. An essay, entitled "A Glimpse at One Side of Our Work," was then read by Mary E. Herr. The essay abounded with excellent suggestions and reflected credit upon the author. "Little things in the school room" was discussed by W. G. Baker and John H, Shenck. Elizabeth M. McCaulay, a member of the junior class of the high school recited in a very pleasing manner " Calls." Prof. W. D. Keeny. then Hang a solo entitled, " There is a Home for a Wanderer Still." This was enjoyed by all, as the professor has a very pleasing voice, and his music is always appreciated. "Ought the teacher to be a student? " was discussed by J. B. Eby, John H. Rowe, W. G. Baker and John 11. Shenck. All the speakers agreed that to be successful the teacher must be a student. "The teacher out of school " was discussed by A. Y. Keath, who was followed by Rev. S. C. Enck. The. morning session closed with music, "Come, Come, Come." The institute convened at 1 :30. A communication was read from Rev. Chas. E. Wehler, of St. Paul's Reformed church, who was to address the teachers, but was unable to be present on account of illness. May town Notes. Maytowx, Dec. 1G. On Wednesday evening the Christian Endeavor society of the Lutheran church held their first social in the basement of the church. The question discussed by the High School lyceum was as follows: "Resolved, That the pen is mightier than the sword." ' The affirmative speakers were Anna May Hoover and Annie Longenecker. The negative were Howard Shireman and NLssley Mumma. The judges decided in favor of the affirmative. The house decided in favor of the affirmative. The question discussed by theGrammar School lyceum was as follows: "Resolved, That the products of Gulf states are better than those of the New England states." The affirmative speakers were Bertie Henderson, Edith Nissley and May Brooks, and the negative were Mary Engle, Edith Glattacker and Ida Wilgus. The judges and house decided in favor of the affirmative. A spelling bee will be held in tho Citizen's band hall this evning. It ia for the benefit of the Maytown grammar school, the primary object being to establish a library. Sent to the Refuge. Lizzie Shay and John Ruhl were before the judges this morning on a charge of incorrigibility. The Shay girl was the party who robbed Miss Shearer's boarding houte and Ruhl was before the court on complaint of his mother. The court sent both parties to the house of refuge. "The Care of Free Text Books" was a ouestion opened by Mrs. Sallie Culp Young and further discussed by John H. Rowe. A. F. Nixdorf, C. H. Young, J. J. Behney, W. D. Keeny then sang a medley, which was received with applause and heartily encored. "School Cabinet; its Uses and How to Secure it," was the question opened by Dr. J. II. Seiling,who gave a very practical talk, as well as displaying a number of curios which were examined by the audience. The doctor is one of the leaders in educational work, and always willing to assist along that line. Isaac D. Gibble heartily endorsed the doctor's suggestions. Wm. Riddle, of Lancaster, read a very interesting as well as instructive paper on "Customs," which was a continuation of the paper read before the county institute. .Mr. 11. deserves much credit for the many pleasing as well as historical facts which he has by his persistent efforts revealed to a grateful people. Music, "Curfew Bells," by Fanny V. Seiling and Bessie Gingrich, was rendered in a very pleasing manner. Literature in our schools was discussed by John 11. Shenck, W. G. Baker. The most interesting question of the day was "Should School Examinations bo Abel ished?" which was discussed by John I'. Swarr, a member of the Manheim borough school board, John 11. Rowe and John 11. Shenck. It was finally agreed that the examinations if properly conducted arc a benefit and at present is the best system for promotion. The following persons were elected as officers for the ensuing year : President, J. B. Eby ; vice president, W. J. Baker ; secretary, Elizabeth E. Danner ; treasurer, John S. Matter; executive committee, John H. Shenck, A. R. McGill, J. F. Weber. The committee on resolutions submitted a report, after which the in-stute adjourned.

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