The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on February 20, 1910 · Page 37
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 37

Brooklyn, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, February 20, 1910
Page 37
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i 3 Great Bedford Section Rapidly Becoming A New Center of Brooklyn THE BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE. !N"EV YORK. SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 20. 1010. Eastern ParKway Locality Gives UnmistaKable Signs oT Developing Into a Distinctive Com-munity. Nucleus of Comprehensive; Subway System Planned for This Borough Will Serve Entire District. ROUTE OF EASTERN PARKWAY SUBWAY, WITH ITS TWO EXTENSIONS. JUST as, In the old days of the Dutch settlers, Bedford Four Corners was regarded as a very important residential outpostof Breucklcn, so the great Bedford section, originating from Ihu historical "Four Corners," is today one of the most important districts of modern Brooklyn. For many years substantially all the component parts of this vast section have been well built up, save what is generally known as the Eastern Parkway district. When the parkway was constructed it was supposed that its wide sweep of roadways, arched by giant trees, would result in. a rapid and high-class development along Its entire length, and spreading out laterally from St. John's place to the northern edge of Flatbush, near Malbone street. But those who thus forecasted were destined to temporary disappointment. In one vital essential the Eastern Parkway district was lacking it had no adequate transportation facilities. And the absence of rapid transit, taken in connection with the prcsenqo of the old Kings County Penitentiary on Crow Hill, to the south of the boulevard, was sufficient to arrest the development which would otherwise have quickly appeared. Now, however, the penitentiary has gone. On its former site stands Brooklyn College, a splendid educational institution, under the supervision of the Jesuit Fathers. Crow Hill, as a plague j spot, has been wiped out. "Plgtown," another drawback, has disappeared, and. with a subway system, with two long extensions officially promised ' for the near future, the Eastern Parkway dis trlct Is coming into Its own. A Distinctive New Center. With the Museum of Arts and Sciences crowning the high crest along which the parkway runs; with Prospect Park within a stone's throw; with an arboretum and botanic garden soon to be established near the -Museum; with the streets to the south of the parkway, and the parkway itself becoming tho sites for costly private residences in a word, with the basis of a peculiarly high-class upbuilding already in evidence, there is no longer any doubt that this region, so long held back, will shortly take Its place as a distinctive new center of the borough. Thus will the great Bedford section be .developed in Its entirety, from Washington avenue on the west to Stuyvcsant and Uttca avenues on tho east, from Lafayette avenue on the north to? Malbone street on the south. And In the upbuilding no one component part will be sacrificed to another. Taken as a whole, the Bedford section may not. either in size or picturesque- ness. compare, perhaps, with some of Brooklyn's other notable sections. It may lack tho enormous sweep of the South Brooklyn reeion. and the suhurhon beauty of Flatbush. But, whatever may be said of It In thcBe respects, no Intelligent citizen will deny that the Bedford district will soon possess a solidarity and Individuality wntcn few, if any, communities in all the world achieve. Within Its confines will stand some of the leading commercial houses In the borough; there also will be found as. Indeed, is the case to-day many of the most handsome private residences in Brooklyn. For its great churches, whose congregations exert a very wide influence, the Bedford section is now famous, and more of these splendid church edifices are soon to be constructed there. Tt has parks, largo and small, and a well laid out system of highways, maintained for the most part in excellent condition. Finally, there is the Museum, with Its priceless treasures, which, In the opinion of shrewd observers, is destined to be the center of an educational development as varied and architecturally beautiful as any within, or near, the greater city. Additions to the Museum. To be more specific, it may be pointed out that, while the portion of the museum fronting on the Eastern Parkway is now completed, the structure, as it stands to-day, represents scarcely a fourth of the contemplated plant. Already plans are far advanced for the erection of a wing on tho Washington avenue side, which, in turn, will be followed by other wings and squares. One of the most notable buildings of its kind In the world is the Kismet Temple, which is situated on Herkimer street, near Nostrand avenue, and which has barely left the builder's hands. This edifice, though Intended primarily for the use of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, may also be utilized for other fraternal and social functions. It has a slightly larger capacity than the Academy of Music, and all available dates have thus early been booked far into next season. Many Fine Residences. Savo for Fulton street, running east and west, and Bedford avenue, running north and south, most of tho thoroughfares of the Bedford section are residential streets. All through the heart of the section high-class apartment houses abound, whilo Clinton avenue and St. Mark's avenue, not to mention New York avenue, are famous for the handsome type of private residences they contain. On the Eastern Parkway the building thus far hag been largely of the apartment house, or 2-family dwelling type, but plans have been filed for tho erection there, in the near future, of some singularly costly private residences, while the game Is true of Kingston avenue and ot several of the thoroughfares paralleling the Parkway from Prospect Park out to Brownsville. All tho real estate brokers doing business In the Bedford section predict an rxceptlonally active season this year. In the Eastern Parkway district particularly, they look for trading on a largo scale, and building on generous lines. Said one of them yesterday: "By limiting, during the past two years, the number and size of building loans! tho big financial institutions have brought about a condition where the demand is more nearly equal to the supply. To no district does this apply with more truth than to the Bedford section. There is no doubt that In respect to apartment houses especially there has, until lecently, been a marked overproduction in this locality. "By Indirectly stopping, or rather deferring, the building of more of these houses, the financial Institutions have reduced the supply uearly to the demand. Much Activity in Real Estate. "As a result both purchases and leases n tho Bedford section arc now remark-nly active. The time is now, of course, ripe for further building, and I expect a big season in the real estate business throughout all the Bedford section, but particularly in the Eastern Parkway locality. The erection ot apartment and duplex houses will, of course, not altogether cease, in that vicinity, but it is evident that the builders are planning for the erection of more slnglo family dwellings than any other kind of bouses. "The Bedford section has its futuro before it. Properly equipped with transit facilities, the district Is sure to experience an abnormal increase in population; and I believe that tho pending Increase will develop to a striking degree Uuriug next lew BoutUs." I In respect to rapid transit facilities, the greater Bedford section will be Berved by tho nucleus, and consequently the best, of the comprehensive subway system laid out for thiB borough. Save for the Fourth avenue route, designed especially for South Brooklyn and the Fort Hamilton and Coney Island districts, not an underground road has been officially projected for Brooklyn that does not tap some part of the Bedford region. Already that section, which in a general way may be described as lying within Lafayette and Washington avenues, Malbone street and Utica avenue, is traversed by the Lexington avenue, the Fulton street and Brighton Beach elevated rail roads; by numerous important surface railways alo included in the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company's system, and by the Atlantic avenue branch of the Long Island Railroad. Ultimately, no doubt, there will be tunnels operated under Fulton street and Bedford avenue, and possibly under other parallel thoroughfares. But, leaving vague speculation altogether out of the question, let us note what subwaya are officially proposed for the Bedford section in the comparatively near future, thus basing estimates of resultant development on fact alone. From official reports and authoritative statements, it is known that four subways of major importance are to be constructed In that area during the next few years. These subways are: 1. The Lafayette avenue route. 2. The Eastern Parkway route, with its Utica avenue and Livonia avenue exten sions. y. The Flatbush avenue route. 4. The Stuyvesant and Utica avenues route. Importance of Lafayette Ave. Route. Reference to the map shows that the Lafayette avenue route will skirt the Bedford section for its entire northern boundary. As a result of the conference between the Public Service Commission and the transit committee of the Board of Estimate, last week, it has been announced that bids for this line will be invited by June 1 at the latest, which means that the digging should be uudcr way by the middle of the summer. This Lafayette avenue road is one of the two main Brooklyn arteries of the Broadway-Lafayette avenue route, which, oper ated in connection with the Centre street tunnel in Manhattan, already built, and the projected Pineapple street tunnel route, will make up the famous "bridge subway loop" system. Running through the very hearts of downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan, and furnishing quick, cheap and comfortable transportation be tween the affected zones of each borough, the "bridge loop system cannot but de velop, to a striking degree, its Lafayetto avenue line, all the northern part of the Bedford district from Washington avenue on the weat to Rcid avenue on the east. Not alone will the construction of the loop Increase the population and business in the area adjacent to Lafayette avenue; it will also unquestionably serve to raise the standard of both. . The Broadway-Lafayette avenue route has been officially approved by both the Public Service Commission and the Board of Estimate. For It plans and specifications have been drawn, consents secured, and the forms of contract are nearly ready for submission bv the commission to the corporation counsel. So soon as the few last little details shall have been completed It, therefore, only remains for the Board of Estimate to approve the bid selected by the Public Service Commission. On the reasonable assumption that digging will begin this summer the road should be in operation within two years. As was long ago announced in tho Eagle, there la authority for the statement, that the next subway development proposal OH tho Intei-borough will Include an offer to operate the "bridge subway loop" system in its entirely. As the city built with its own funds the Centre street tunnel in Manhattan, it is probable that !t will also elect to construct with municipal money, the Broadway-Lafayetle aver.uo route, particularly as the road will unquestionably be self-supporting, and the bonds therefore issued for it exempt from computation in tho debt limit. Interborough Eager to Operate. On tite- other hand, so eager Is the Interborough to secure the operation of the so-called loop, that It is semi-officially reported that, as an added inducement to the acceptance of its bid. the company will otfer to construct the Pineapple street tunnel route, and build a spur to the Broadway-Lafayette avenue route, leading out Broadway toward Manhattan Junction. Engineers of the Public Service Commission are now working on plans for the tunnel route, which, beginning at the lower end of the Centre street tunnel In Manhattan will proceed under North William and William streets to Maiden lane in that borough; cross the East River by means of a tube, and which will then run under Pineapple and Fulton streets in this borough to the Borough Hall, where, joining the present subway, it will go easterly under Fullon street to a point of intersection with the Lafayette avenue route at the junction of Fulton street and the Flatbush nvenue extension. Obviously, of all this great "bridge subway loop" system, the only link that will directly affect the Bedford section is that portion of the road under Lafayette avenue. Yet, Indirectly, there is not a foot of the line which will not, by means of the added connections for the Lafayette avenue route, benefit substantially the northern area of the Bedford district. And that is why the so-called loop system has been explained in all its essential details. In the opinion of all Intelligent observers that Brooklyn subway, the construction of which will involve most to tho Bedford section of the borough, is the Eastern Parkway subway. From Washington to Utica avenues this route will provide splendid transit facilities to that very part of the Bedford section now most lacking In that respect, and for that reaRon a phenomenal development Is expected to lake place in all that vast area of the district lying at tho south of Ber gen street. Of all the great Bedford section, this part has thus far remained the least developed, so that the forecasted growth will resemble rather the rising of a new community than a transformation in an existing one. Eastern Parkway Route. The Eastern Parkway subway will begin at tho Prospect Park plaza, and continue eastward under that boulevard to Buffalo avenue, two bhieks beyrnd Utica avenue. So far as Buffalo avenue the route has received the official sanction of both the Public Service Commirsion and the Board of Estimate. By indorsing a recent report of Commissioner McCarroll. the commission has also officially approved wnai is now Known as tile Livonia avenue "xtenslon of the parkway route, the same o be constructed on the assessment plan. Starting at Buffalo avenue, the Livonia avenue extension proceeds underground tnrougn private property and East Ninety-eighth street. Near the junction of the last named thoroughfare with Livonia avenue, the extension, as planned, comes to the surface, and proceeds ns an elevated structure to the Intersection of Livonia nvenun with New Lots road. So far as Nostrand avenue, nt least. It is planned to make the Eastern Parkwav subway a six-track road; from that point to the end ol Livonia avenue it will be a two-track affair. The latent possibilities of this route, with Its extension, are strictly from a railroading viewpoint almost limitless. One of them haa seemingly been taken ad-vantago of already. No sooner had properly owners ulong Utica aveuuc, eoutlj o( I I if 1 INX V $ ' ... i . . . .. - - i . , - . , , .. , the parkway, lrarmul with what success tube route, leading to Union square, Man- Assuming that ther was no othpr sub way construction, in that section of Brooklyn fop years, an analysis of the foregoing will demonstrate how adequately the great Bedford district is substantially certain to be provided with subway facilities in the comparatively near future. OLD BEDFORD FOUR CORNERS Center of Region Where Fulton St. and Bedford Av. Intersect. Growth Must Be Southward Toward Eastern Parkway Many Desirable Features Striking Structures. had met, than they went to tho Public Service Commission and asked the commission if it would permit the building of a spur to the Eastern Parkway route along I'tlca and Flaibuoh avenues to Jamaica Bay, provided the property owners within the half-mile zone on either side of the route would pay for its construction by local assessment. Whilo no official announcement to that effect has been made. It Is understood that the applicants were assured that, if they would submit to the commission within three months the necessary legal consents, bids for the desired Utica avenue spur would be advertised on the asseBssment plan simultaneously with the putting up at public auction of the rest of the Eastern Parkway route. With or without this spur, the Eastern Parkway route is likely to be advertised in the latter part of next summer. Another striking possibility In connection with the Eastern Parkway subway is a connection at Franklin avenue with the Brighton Beach division of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company. In any event, the B. R. T. must depress its tracks at that point so as to pass under the subway, and the advocates of the parkwav route are naturally anxious to see a physical connection between Lie two roads there. Want Flatbush Avenue Subway. The B. R. T., however, while extremely desirous of making subway connections with its Brighton Beach line, so that, reaching Manhattan over the Manhattan Bridge, It may operate a through service between the North River and Coney Island, would prefer to find the necessary subway link in an underground road leading under Elafbush avenue from Malbone street to Atlantic avenue. This leads up to the third subway In sight lor the Bedford district. In order to give outlet to the Eastern Parkway subway, a tunnel must be built from the Prospect Park plaza to Atlantic present Interborough system, or with tho I olher roads branched off from the main Fourth avenue subway. The Interborough, highway leading to Jamaica. One turned having in mind the operation of the park- I southward, passing through the clove or In the history of the early days of Kings County and Brooklyn the name of Bedford filled an important place. It was the first center of residential interest which grew up on the route from the early village of Breuckelen on the way out toward Jamaica and the rest of Long Island. In the days when the first Dutch church still occupied the center of the Old Road, about where Fulton and Lawrence streets now intersect, and there was a wagon track on either side of it, the first highway to branch off from the Old Road was where the present junction of Flatbush avenue and Fulton street is, and It followed the Indian and Is showing a rapid increase in population. New Edifice fo;- Kismet Temple. The most notable addition to the buildings In tho Bedford district in the past year has been the construction of the new mosque of Kismet Temple, Nooles of the Mystic Shrine, in Herkimer street, near Nostrand avenue. This i-3 second only to the Masonic Temple in Lafayette avenue among the structures devoted to the use of fraternal and social organizations. The new structure occupies a site extending through the block where formerly stood the home of Patrick Campbell, long chief of police of Brooklyn. Of Arabic architecture, the edifice presents a striking appearance in its exterior, and within it is fully equipped for the use not only of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, but for the uses of social organizations which may desire to hold nie'tings. conventions or banquets therein. The auditorium will seat on its main floor and in the galleries 2.400 persons, and 3uu can be accommodated on the stage, ft is expected that the new structure will fill i large and important place in the social life of a large part of ' he borough. It. was hoped that tho Bedford region i which Is one of the monumental works of McKim, Mead & White, the head of which architectural firm died last year. More and more as the years come and go, the great museum, which is under the care of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, is becoming a center of the educational interests of the borough. Steps are soon to be taken to establish in connection with It an arboretum and botanic garden, taking up a large part of Institute. Park, the former East Side-Lands in Prospect Park. On a portion of the remainder an astronomical ob servatory is to be erected, equipped with all the latest apparatus for the study of the wonders of the heavens. At the Intersection of Bedford avenue and the Eastern Parkway stands the equestrian statue of General Henry W. Slocum, long one of the foremost Brook-lynites. whose name is thuB handed down to future generations with a record of his valor in the great Civil War. On Bedford avenue, south of the Parkway, stands the spacious armory of Troop C, the members of which can catch inspiration for their work on horseback from the statue of General Slocum. as with waving sword he leads a charge. The high ground adjoining, between Rogers and Nostrand avenues, long occupied by wnnM lmvn nnnthep itnnortnnt new struc- i 'he Kings County Penitentiary, is now ine nome or mc Brooklyn College, under the management of the Jesuit Fathers, who design to create there a great educational institution. In connection with ture in the projected Ilamtuerstein Opera House, for which a site was purchased on Oram squar", but Brooklyn had the same fiito I'ilii'Hffii nnrt nftcr thp ntans for the building hud been prepared, the ; 'he college buildings some large apart- scheme was abandoned and the site is now- offered for sale. It is a question whether the exploitation and abandonment of the scheme worked any advantage or harm to the Bedford region. The entire enterprise was regarded as so extremely doubtful, from the well known character of the pro moter, that few persons were ready to path over the hills and through the! have full belief In (he project until they woods of Midwout, or Flatbush, to the seashore at Canarsie. About three miles from the ferry two tually saw the building under way. anil when its prospective existence on paper was ended there was little or no surprise. There was some advance of property in the Immediate vicinity, owing to the extensive purchases made by the Hainmer-stcin interests, but all the advantage to BROOKLYN MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCES. ment structures have recently been put up mere, ana otner building operations are contemplated In the vicinity. From Crow Hill to Crown Heights. To that region has been given the name of Crown Heights, from Crown street, which runs through that section next south of Carroll street. This Is only a slight change from Crow Hill, which was its designation when the penitentiary existed there, and most of the residents of the vicinity were colored people. The removal of the penal institution has resulted in great benefit to the surrounding territory as far as Flat- ana mere is no longer in existence the region which was locally known as 'between the penitentiary and the poor-house." 1 1 is to the eastward of Nostrand avenue that the upbuilding of Eastern Parkway bus been carried forward on nn the long, hard winter are still felt. There is considerable activity in both the selling and the renting market, and it may be expected to increase from this date on. I look forward to one of the best seasons we have had in years. K has opened up nicely since the first of the year and both buying and letting show signs of marked activity. The demand for fiats and apartments has improved considerably owing to the cessa tion of activity in the construction ot new ones. "This has been due to the financial Institutions shutting down on overproduction by resjriction of building loans. The effect has been to imnrovo the situation. ' There is a steady demand for private ! bouses in all the Bedford and Eastern Parkway sections. Many new single family houses are contemplated by builders. More of those will be built than of two-family and duplex houses. There is no doubt but. that the erection of flats has been overdone in this borough, and tho construction exceeded the demand by fifty per cent, at one time, but now the demand will catch up with the supply as that is baited. Kismet Temple's New Structure. "Among the new features in this uptown region is the construction of the new building for Kismet Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. It will have tho largest seating capacity of any structure of the kind in the borough, exceeding the Academy of Music slightly. It will b ready for use and will be dedicated in March. It has already supplied a long-felt want and it has been engaged as far ahead as next November for social functions. It, is as large ns the spacious armories and far more available, with its great auditorium and stago for all sorts of affairs. It would be a splendid place for a music festival. "Tho fine new elifico of the BedfoM Presbyterian Church, at Dean street anil Nostrand avenue, is a recent notable addition to our new structures. Additional public school facilities have been provided and the region is keeping up to Its reputation as the best home center of Brooklyn. Tho building of new houses has gone steadily forward in the year. "Perhaps the most extensive new house is that just completed at the southwest corner of St. Mark's and New York avenues, that region of flue homes. It represents an investment of about $150,000. IThe house is admirably designed and the green tile roof makes it present a striking appearance. It was begun for the late John Schenck, formerly of Barbey street, East New York, who made a fortune by the sale of the old Schenck farm. He had expected to spend his declining years in his new home, but death eamo before It was finished. It was designed and will be decorated by Korber, and contains fourteen large rooms. The plot is 120 feet on New A'ork avenue and 100 feet on St. Mark's avenue. Fine New Detached Houses on Com manding- Site. "On President street, between New York and Brooklyn avenues, on the high ground overlooking the Eastern Parkway on one side and Flatbush toward tho ocean on the other, three fine private detached houses have been recently completed. They are owned and occupied by Messrs. Roth, Charig and Strauss, and represent large Investments. Other houses of like character are contemplated in that vicinity. "All the Eastern Parkway and the adjacent region for half a milo on each side needs Is the coming subway to make it grow with leaps and bounds as a residential center. And that is surely coming, for so great a part of the borough cannot long go without adequate means of rapid transit. "I see by the Eagle that there are two subways planned for that region, anil that at. Utica avenue and Eastern Parkway they will intersect. That point will then become tbe central place of transfer from one line to the other. A like cen- ter will be at Eastern Parkway, and tho point between Franklin and Classon avenues, where the Brighton Beach road runs underneath, if the latter is connected with the new subway there. A station ti that point would also afford convenient: means of access to Brooklyn's great museum, which is now somewhat inaccessible to a large part of the borough. Planning With Future in Perspective "But no mistake was made by those who planned for the future and put the museum where it stands. That point will become' more and more a center of the Brooklyn of the future and the wisdom and foresight which placed it there will be justified. The Idea of the Supremo Court justices to put the new court house in that vicinity was not so far-fetched or absurd as many people regarded It. t .v. malt, i o ine west of that In the perspective or the future a new cross sir-et. in the section on the south ; civic center for this borough could have. side several houses have been construct- been created there which would be far cd considerably above tho ernilo nt tho I more s.irififnefnrv than tn rrnv iha now The Front of This Great Structure Has Been Adorned in the Last Year With Heroic Statues of Eminent Figures of Antiquity. way system, ba3. It is understood, offered to extend its tube as far as the plaza. Residents of Flatbush wish tho Inter borough to build an extenaion running under Flatbush avenue to at least the heart of Flatbush. B. R. T. officials have made a tentative proposal to the Public Service Commission elcrt in the hills to Flatbush and took! be gained from the new enterprise was the name of Clove Road. In the oppo- fully discounted. site direction ran the road to Cripple bush and Bushwick on the way to New town. At the four corners grew up the village which took the name of Bedford Four Corners and has since become known as Bedford, the main highway In to the effect that, if the city will construct i tersecting what was once Fulton avenue a Klnthnsh avenue siihwav between Mai bone street and Atlantic avenue, they will agree under certain conditions to connect up their Brighton Beach line nt Malbone street with the new subway, and by means of that, the Fourth avenue uibway. the Manhattan Bridge, anil the Canal street subway in Manhattan, operate trains straight through to the North River. The authorities, it is known, are not satisfied with the terms offered by the B. K. T. for the usj of the proposed subway: at the same time they admit the need of just such an underground road as tho B. R. T. has suggested. While the atmosphere is still far from cleared, it is likely that with the residents of Flatbush. pleading with the Interborough for an extension under Flatbush avenue of its cximing tunnel, and with the B. R. T. pleading with the city for the construction of a similar route, some agreement will be reached which will insure in the near future a subway under Flatbush avenue, from Atlantic avenue to Malbono street, and possibly farther. Stuyvesant Avenue a Connecting Link. Finally, for the Bedford district the building of the Stuyvesant avenue subway within the next few years is apparently a certainty. Every transit expert realizes the need of a route which shall link the Broadway-Lafayette nvenue loop with the Eastern Parkway, and it Is reliably Btated that only recent ly several prominent Brooklynites were told that the Public Service Commission stood ready before so very long to authorize the construction of an underground road running from Broadway through Sluyvesant and Utica avenues to the Eastern Parkway subway. Such a route would connect, not only with the proposed Ulica-FWilbush nvenue spur to tho parkway line, but would also, at and is now Fulton street, taking Its name therefrom. Up to a few years ago Bedford avenue only extended from the fountain at Division avenue to the Eastern parkway, but Its name has been given to the street which is a practical extension of it through Williamsburg to Green-point, and in the southerly direction It has been opened through Flatbush for a distance of two miles or more and is laid out on tho maps to extend to Sheepshead Bay. Boundaries of Bedford Section. The Bedford section of the borough may be roughly described as extending from Washington or Franklin avenues on tho west to Lewis and Albany avenues on Ihc cast and from Lafayette avenue on the north to the Eastern parkway region. It is said to be the most American of any part of Brooklyn; that is. to contain the least admixture of foreign elements of population. It has leading educational Institutions, large churches, fine residences, spacious armories and is the place of residence of a largo and growing population. Many of tho leading transit lines, both elevated and surface, extend through it in all directions. The projected subways border It on three sides and ultimately there will in all probability be subways in both Fulton street a'ld Bedford avenue through the heart of the Bedford region. While the older part of the region is almost entirely built up there is room for the extension of population southward, in the vicinity of Eastern parkway, ana with a subway under that thoroughfare no part of the borough would show a more rapid increase in population. As it is, with wholly inadequate transit serv ice, the region along and adjacent to One Hundred Thousand Dollar New Church. The completion of the fine new edifice of the Bedford Presbyterian Church, in Nostrand avenue, at a cost of $l00,uo'i, and Its formal dedication, have marked the year. Another new edifice near at hand is that of tbe First Church of Christ Scientist, which removed from Lafayette avenue to Dean street and New York avenue, in close proximity to the fine New-York Avenue M. E. Church, which is one of the finest of the church edifices in Vtrml.-tvn in lite hem-t m" the Bedford jdistrii-L are the great Tompkins Avenue and Central Congregational churches, and the Marcy Avenue Baptist Church. The pioneer of ehuivhe.-; uti Eastern parkway is St. Mark's Protestant Episcopal Churih. which removed thither several years ago. from the Eastern District. With the gt-oiv:a of population in that i n vicinry it woum seem mat there is room for the unbuilding of other churches in what is destined to be a great center of populatiiei. Tlie Eastern Parkway region may be said to begin with the great Museum of Arts and Sciences, which crowns the high ground close to the Mount Prospect reservoir, which overlooks the main entrance of Prospect Park. The portion of the museum fronting on the Eastern Parkway and overlooking the borough is completed, but plans are now underway for another section on the Washington avenue side, which will .give more room for the treasures of both art and science gathered under its room. The completed portion is little more than one-fourth of the structure as contemplated and planned for in its ultimate fulfillment of design. Statues Adoin Facade of the Museum. The faeado of the great structure has been advanced within the year with the series of heroic statues of the great men of antiquity, cut in enduring si one and placed near the roof line of ihe structure. These score and a half of gigantic figures add much to the impressive oppearauee s.rect. and if the property adjoining is graded down they will seem to be perched up in Ihe air. One is the home of ex-3"natoi- Daniel Davis and contains a number of striking features. On both sides of the great boulevard, which is I'm) feet wide, and has three roadways and four sidewalks with rows of trees between, there are now miles of new j structures in the main four-story aoart-men.s and duplex houses, although there are a number of single family structures j in keeping with the character of the re- gion. If the development of the Eastern Park-! way see i ion had only been deferred until more adeouate transit facilities were provided, it might have been built up as I was originally intended with spacious ! detaehod structures, end a street like St. Marks avenue or like Clinton avenue, i or parts of Prospect Park West would ! have been made the finest residential ; nor ion of Brooklyn. There was ample opportunity for such development, but it was d. laved until the soeeulative builder had secured a foothold and practically the whole street is being built up for a crowded population. Some Fine Detached Houses on President Street. In the adiaeent region a detached dwelling section is being built ud along Union and President strepts on the high ground which overlooks all Flatbush and beyond to the ocean. On president street, beiween New York and Brooklyn avenues, three line large new detached houses, with garages, have just been erected. The so-called "Snotless Town" in Union street, east of Brooklyn avenue, consists of a number of houses which have private nlleys at the back of ihe lots for deliveries, removal of ashes, etc.. and embody a novel of city life. In New York avenue, between President and Union streets, some houses of novel firenroof construction have been erected and others are approaching completion. Farther along the parkway to the eest-wnrd and in the side streets are long rows of structures, which are filled as fast as completed with the pooulation -lrnwn to the region by its desirability q-i.l the expectation that the near futiye ill sre this feature rivaled by aceesi Broadway, Joiu a coatcmplutca Eaat Jtiver tustera parkway is bcisg rapidly built up of. the architecture or the museum oon the development is exoect- el t:i nrcceed down the souibern side of Hie sloue toward Flnthush. filling up the t?''"i on the oid-t'me boundary of vtroouive and Flatbush to which the not eunlio:vims but extremely exnrcssive name of "Pigtown" was bestowed be-eause the residents there maintained lrovcs of hogs, which were nurtured or. the s.irbage and swill collected from various part 3 of the city. This feature if the reeion long since hamiily passed away, and in place of the pleeeries will r'sp the homes of a large and comfortably housed population, who will find bv tbe new stibwavs the means of quickly reaching their places of business and of returning to I heir places of residence. great city full of peoole will ultimately dwell in the Eastern Parkwav regions, just as there does now in the Bed-for 1 region, all of which has been practically built up within tho memory of nersons who have not yet reached the Scriptural limit of age. The Kenlty Situation Viewed by Experts. "There Is a decided improvement in the real estate situation of late," said Edward Lyons, "although tlie effects of edifice among those downtown. "I understand that represtntatives of New York theatrical interests are looking for a site in the vicinity of Fulton street and Nostrand avenue for a combination house which will secure the patronage of the theater-going population of this region. The success of the vaudeville Fulton Theater shows what a field exists here. I don't know whether they have considered the site where Oscar Ham-merstein proposed to put up his Brooklyn Opera House in Grant Square, but than might prove available. It is not quito. close enough to the leading ear lines, however, to prove entirely satisfactory. If a subway were to go there it would, bs an ideal place for a playhouse. "Ir is a pity that the development ot the Eastern Parkway region had not been, held back a little longer and opportunity had been allowed for the best parts oC that fine street, to be built, up with splendid detached houses with grounds. But the speculative builder spoiled that. There should never have been a two family house, a flat or a duplex houa there. But that cannot be helped now." Houses Find Beady Purchasers. Frederick Haskins of Haskins Kctcham said in regard to Eastern. Parkway building operations: "The development in the vicinity of Kingston avenue is chiefly in one and two-family houses on the parkway and on Union anil President streets. The Jessamine Really Company and P. J. Gleason have built: nearly a hundred houses in the year, all of which have found ready purchasers. The Henry Roth Const ruction Company has built extensively in Union and President streets, in the vicinity of Albany and Troy avenues. Mr. Roth has built a fine house for himself on the higli ground in President street, between New York and Brooklyn avenues, which ist restricted to detached residences, ami Mr. Koth controls t.oth sides and threo or four more fine bouses, besides tho three already there are some to be built. "The Henry Roth Company has sole! both sides of Union street, between Albany and Troy avenues, to tho Novek-Kellner Construction Company and about seventy-five one and two-family houses are to be put up. A site for a new school house has been secured by the Board of Education ot Eastern Parkway and Schenectady avenue and it is expected that a fine structure will be put up thero soon. It will be the first public building east of the Museum. "Builders arc able to sell houses In all this section readily and many people are coming here. This is largely due to the excellent service on the St. John's place car line, which by many persona is regarded as the best in the city. One can go from Kingston avenue to Wall street by taking the subway at Atlantis avenue in 20 minutes. This is f, high-class residence section, and is being boill up for people who want homes by a good class of builders. They iuy the property outright and are able in most instance! to sell tho houses for cash." A Year of Active Building. D. Levlne of Ghegan & Levine saia: "There has been a year of active buildinj? in this region. Leo Levy has built up tha block of Kingston avenue, between Bergen street and St. Mark's avenue, wit hi four-story steam heated apartments, two-family houses and three-story stores and apartments and has sold them alL On Dean street, between Kingston arwl Brooklyn in euu:s, li. J. .Maguiro Jias fit,

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