The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 15, 1967 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 15, 1967
Page 3
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Blyttievllle (Ark.) Courier News - Saturday, April «, IWf ». Page Thine Texas City Remembers Destruction Environmental Causes and Cancer By MICHAEL GmSDANSKY Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. NEW YOBK - (NBA - "A much higher proportion of human cancer than we had even recently suspected — perhaps amounting to as much as 80 per cent — may b« due to environmental causes." These words are those of Britain's Sir Alexander Haddow, president of the International Union Against Cancer, speaking at the Ninth International Cancer Congress held in Tokyo last October. To those who have devoted their careers to the study of eancer, the figure of 80 per- eent was probably less of a surprise than It was to the general public — but was jolting enough even so. It need not have been, Dr. Wendell Scott, famed radiologist and 1963-64 president of the American Cancer Society, stated, in addressing the society's annual meeting: "Collectively (tumors influenced by outside factors) account for more than three • quarters of human cancers." Obviously, the potential causes or encouragers of cancer in our surroundings are many — and dangerous. Accepting the 75-80 per cent figures mentioned by Scott and Haddow implies that, in the United States, somewhere between 435,000 and 464,000 new cases of cancer discoverd in 1967 will be due to factors In the world around us. A serious situation — but far from a hopeless one. For, ss Scott observed in the sentence Immediagly following the on quotd above: "Thus it appears that the majority of human cancers are potentially preventable." The idea that specific influences in the environment can cause cancer Is not a new one. As long ago as 1775 the British physician Percival Pott noted that cancer of the scrotum containing the male sex glands was unusually common among the chimney • sweeps of 'London. The science of organic chemistry was as then unknown, but Pott strongly suspected the presence of some substance within soot which might be to blame. It was more than 150 years before a team of researchers — themselves British — was able to produce cancer experimentally in animals by the application of a chemical compound derived from coal tars. Today, more than 500 chemical substances are known to cause c a n e e r in various animals. The majority of these substances are organic compounds; that is, they contain atoms of the element carbon. And because carbon atoms have the ability to link with one another, the number of possible organic compounds is, to all intents and purposes, limitless. Which oE these compounds — many of them manmade and not found in nature — are carcinogenic (cancer - causing) is the subject of much present-day research. And, of course, the problem Is not simply the question of which substances — organic or inorganic — cause cancer in laboratory animals. Much more to the point is which of them can and-or do cause the disease in man. It is not only chemical material which can cause cancer, however. Still another significant carcinogenic factor is radiation. The term "radiation" has become largely a byword since the first nuclear explosion took place in the summer skies over Hiroshima more than two decades ago. But, in fact, "radiation" is not confined to atomic bombs or atomic power plants. The word simply refers to any type of energy which passes directly through space. One of the most common types of such radiation is the ultraviolet which pours down every instant upon the earth from the sun. It is this "invisible light" which stimulates pigment - containing cells within the skin, producing a tan. But, as long ago as 1984, it was strongly suspected that excessive exposure to ultra - violet could also cause skin cancer and, since that tune, mounting evidence has turned that suspicion into as close a certainty as there can be in medicine. Most recent of all on the list of possible or actual carcinogens are the viruses. Highly complex structures on the bor derland that divides the living from the nonliving (there is still considerable debate as to whether to call them "organisms" or "molecules"), viruses have been shown to cause various types of cancer in birds and lower animals. There is an educated suspicion among many researchers that they may also be responsible for certain human cancers as well, leukemia .among them. But as yet, the evidence of virus - action in human malignancy is inconclus ive. llowed from the Grandcamp, French ship laden with Ameran fertilizer for wartorn ranee, Belguim and Holland. The fire seemed stubborn but armless. Thirty-seven minutes after the irst smoke curled from hold o. 2, the Grandcamp exploded, remating instantly most of the remen, longshoremen, specta- jrs and workers in the huge ockside Monsanto Chemical o. plant. The nightmare continued for i hours, climaxed with the lock on a second ship explosion —the High Flyer, loaded as the randcamp was with a Mar- lall Plan gift of ammonium itrate fertilizer. At least 561 persons were tilled, including 227 Monsanto orkers. In addition, 3,000 per- ons were injured. Two-thirds of he city's buildings and homes ere destroyed, with damage estimated at $32 million. Twenty years later the Texas ity disaster remains the worst ndustrial tragedy in American istory. The initial explosion blew the jrandcamp in every direction, etting off chain-reaction explo- ions in oil refinery tanks round the city. Monsanto workers rapped in the plant's blazing hemicals and white-hot twisting network of pipes. Two small planes which were • ,' ' * :., ,! '. ,,-i. J PROTECTIVE CLOTHING is essential for workers trying to nnrarel Hie complicated problem of abnormal blood cells. S. Viets, VC Vie for Control By JOHN T. WHEELER PHU HUU, Vietnam (AP) — Pham Ba Thu doesn't look like a killer, a political activist and talented propagandist. With his crinkled, shy smile and a hat several sizes too big, he seems boyishly naive and slightly ridiculous. Only the .45 automatic worn with caual assurance on his hip separates him from the other black-clad peasants of this central Vietnamese village where Thu and other members of a government pacification team operate. For the Viet Cong underground in this' village, Thu is a deadly enemy. Unless they can kill or drive the team out, some member of the team probably will root them out one day. There will be no high noon Shootout between- the 59-man government team and the Communists on the dusty, sun- drenched road splitting Phu Huu. Death will come at night by knife, gun and-as it already has—by mortar shell. Thu and his comrades already have spotted eight Viet Cong in Phu Huu, an impoverished village of nearly 1,000 persons in Khanh Hoa Province. None has been arrested. The cadre hope they will give away others of the Communist infrastructure that ruled here until the government men arrived two months ago. The Viet Cong team is organized aboul like the government one that Thu served as assistant team leader and political officer. Because the government men are fairly well armed and careful, the village Viet Cong are relatively helpless unless they can catch one of the team unawares at night. Twenty members of the Communist team, the fighters, are roaming with Viet Cong units nearby waiting for the government to pull its regular battalions out of the area. In the past, Saigon always has pulled out regular troops after weeks or months of dull pacification duty. The pacification cadre almost always has gone just behind the government troops. This time is different. The government battalions are committed for a year or more, however long pacification here takes. And captured Viet Cong documents show that the Communists consider the cadre to be far better trained and dedicated than those fielded by Saigon in the past. Attacks on government teams and protective government forces also testify to the team's effeetivenes. The 1967 pacification program with 400 cadre team spread through 50 so-called target areas seeks to return 600,000 peasants to government control this year. After eight year of grander projects that ended in failure, many American advisers consider the present goal realistic. There are 10 million living in the countryside, nearly half under Viet Cong control. At 23, Thu is an old hand at the deadly game of vying with the Viet Cong for control of contested areas. He was a member of a Political Action Team, a counterterrorist program set up by the Central Intelligence Agency in 1962. These have been disbanded with most members absorbed by the revolutionary development ministry for the new program. Thu is a high school graduate who passed up a college draft deferment to join the govern ment force. His father is an army officer. Why didn't he follow his fa ther's footsteps? "The soldier kills the enemy. We kill the enemy, too," he says. "But also we help the. people to build a better country when the fighting is over. "In the old times the people had high spirits for the Viet Cong. Now our cadre has shown them our revolution and a new life under the government is better. The spirit of the people now knows pur way U better. "This is because the VC only promise war and detruction for many years to come. We promise a new life and peace now." The new program does not devote the great amount of time and effort spent before in denouncing the Viet Cong. It tries to say simply: Join the government side for peace, security and a new life. The most advanced pacification hamlets are called Ap Doi Moi — new life Villages. People are cautious about giving any open support to the cadre. Too many times in the past the government officers have come promising prosperity and security, only to go away later without providing either. Those who collaborated with government cadres have often been killed, tortured or stripped of everything they own. Maj. Gen. Nguyen Due Thang, head of the new pacification program, says this time the government troops will not leave and turn to more pressing duties of hunting down main- force Communist units. The bulk of Thang's 59-mari teams are military men first, to handle Viet Cong who slip past militia and regular units assigned to screen off the village. But each team also has experts on political education, culture, hygiene and rudimentary medicine, agriculture, public work and the mechanics of setting up and operating cooperatives tha will ensure the farmers of the best break in the market place Countrywide, Thang rates hi: 400 teams, some 24,000 men, a: about half effective and half below the mark. The idea is not for the team; to dig wells, start fish ponds erect schools and repair bridge on their own, but to find eu what people really need, make arrangements with Vietnames and American aidmen and then get the people to do their own work with help and leadershi: from the cadres. This way if the Viet Cong sli; in some night and blow up ; bridge or school house, they wil find a much different reaction from the people than if it were project put up by the govern ment and the Americans. Ean'r came a delay in receiving y?or income tax refund. Mike certain* your Social Security Nufflbtf Odyotf cctara y correct j NOTICE Bids will be received until Wednesday, April 19, 1967 at the Frisco Depot for the sale of the old Frisco Freight House. Bids will be received by Mr. J. J. Morgan, TEXAS CITY, Tex. (AP) —Ihovering over the ship for an n orange-black puff of smoke I aerial view of the strangely jeautiful orange-black fire became victims. The wings of one simply folded; the other was blown to bits and all four persons aboard perished. A 15-foot tidal wave created by the blast forced a huge barge onto the shore, and tugs scurried back to Galveston across the bay. 1 Boy Scouts manned emergency shelters. School gymnasiums became morgues and lists of chalk-scrawled names on blackboards were monitored by mourning women, as in a Greek sea tragedy. Every 15 minutes for days to come, Army and Navy planes flew in blood plasma. Nearly as often, another oil-covered body was fished from port waters. Striking telephone workers left picket lines to repair the switchboard system and then stay for shifts on end to connect emergency calls. Women and children evacuated from the broken city as rumors spread that the High Flyer was about to blow. More "Those days were almost unbearable," recalls Emmet F. Lowry, a construction firm magnate who now is mayor. "At every turn, you realized friends and relatives had been killed. With reports coming in by the hundreds, it was almost beyond comprehension," he eaid. "But when the Monsanto president made his statement, and you realized how much he had lost, it set everybody to change their attitudes, to think about cleaning up and getting the city back on its feet again." Only two industries, molasses and burlap bag firms, did not rebuild. Two years later Monsanto replaced its ruined $20- million plant with a $26-million one. The cause of the fire on Sie Grandcamp has never been pinpointed, despite 14 years of legal maneuvering, including suits by the U.S. and French governments against each other. One judge said it must have been simultaneous combustion from a unique combination of factors which scientists have never been able to reproduce in than a thousand men stayed to! Qlher , s help in the rescue. ' The waterfront was a charred rectangle one mile long and a half mile wide. Within 24 hours, a stark announcement from Monsanto president, Bill Rand, penetrated the smoke and blood-filled daze of rescuers. "We will rebuild," Rand said. NEW YORK (AP) — Retire- ; surrey with a fringe on the top. ment comes to some men as a Fought off head hunters on a rushing burden and a vast lonely south seas isle. ioredom. They are like a child on a rainy day: they don't know what to do with themselves. It might help if, well in ad- •ance of that farewell dinner with their colleagues, they made a list of their daydreams —and consider whether any are now worth carrying out. Such a list is surprisingly varied. For example, here is a random selection of daydreams by one who has never yet- Joined the French Foreign Legion or a Rotary Club. Become the living idol of a savage African tribe. Planted a garden, grown a beard, or worn a toupee. Performed an appendectomy on a submarine by flashlight. Walked on water. Skated across thin ice to save beautiful girl from drowning. Met a payroll. Looked across a crowded room on an enchanted evening and fallen hopelessly in love with a total stranger. Ridden in an ice sled or a Danced all night with Julie Andrews. Roped and tied a steer in prize winning time at a rodeo. Eaten off a gold plate, and wiped the platter clean. Owned a racing car, a thoroughbred horse, or an electric toothbrush. Thrown knives at a woman on a revolving board in a circus act. Given a lecture at Harvard, Yale, Oxford—or a neighborhood kindergarten. Knowingly taken money from the CIA. Been pecked by a maddened pigeon or mauled by a Siberian bear. Ghosted a speech for President Johnson, or written a sonnet in Swahili. Lifted a glass of vodka in the Kremlin. Boredom? How can any man become bored, retired or not, in a world with so many wonderful daydreams still waiting to come true? true? theorize a crewman must have a lighted cigarette in The U.S. government eventually settled $70 million in claims or $16.5 million, and insurance companies paid out many more millions. Texas City now is a booming billion-dollar petrochemical and jetroleum center. Ten major leavy industries employ 7,000 lersons with a $75-million annual payroll. Union Carbide Corp. and American Oil Co., among others, have huge expansion programs under way. General Ana- ine and Film Corp. of New York is opening a $25-million plant here sometime next year The population has trippled to nearly 40,000 and the physica size of the city has expandet from 6 square miles in 1947 to 75 square miles today. The 1946 property assess ments were $50 million and las year they had reached $600 mi' lion. And the port? The explosion just abou wiped out the Texas City Ter minal Railroad, the port's own er. Only one of the nine dry cargo docks was rebuilt. Four liquid - cargo docks were re placed. The new ones are equipped for ocean-going vessels and the channel itself is being dug to 40 feet, as deep as any in Texas. Last year, the port ranked fifth in Texas with more than 19 million tons of cargo, compared to 13,400,000 in 1946. No more ammonium nitrate fertilizer has passed through the port, however, officials said. Six years ago, a tragedy of a different sort hit the city—Hurricane Carla with its terrific winds and high water, sending at least three feet of water Into nearly every building. The losses were estimated at $60 million —and residents were glad the. drain was in dollars not lives. "A $20-million, 17-mile seawall now is under construction, with a dike jutting nine miles into Galveston Bay to offer protected fishing and five levels of dry dock pigeonhole parking for pleasure boats. The new port facilities, Industry expansion, and wraparound eawall giye city leaders a uoyant feeling about the fu- ure. They reflect only reluctantly n history of 20 years back. The ceremonies scheduled for he April 16 anniversary of the ragedy will be simple wreath ayings at the city cemetery, where 63 unidentified victims are buried, and at the central Today In History Today is Saturday, April 15, the 105th day of 1967. There are !60 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1865, President Abraham Lincoln died. On this date: In 1638, English colonists arrived at what is now New Haven, Conn. In 1850, San Francisco was incorporated as a city. In 1942, Japanese artillery blasted American positions on Corregidor. In 1945, President Franklin Roosevelt's body was interred at his family's estate at Hyde Park, N.Y. In 1946, Spain invited all friendly nation to send a mission to the country to investigate charges that German scientists in Spain were. working on Atomic Energy. Ten years ago — Britain's House of Commons approved a new budget which provided for substantial tax cuts for the individual taxpayer as well as for businesses. Five year ago — The Shah of Iran and his wife were traveling about the United States on a seven-day official visit. One year ago — President Johnson endorsed a proposal for a summit meeting of inter- American heads of state to speed the work of the Alliance for Progress. ire station, where 28 men, early the entire volunteer orce, were killed. Mayor Lowry will be one of le participants. "The loss of all these lives, ie heartache and tragedy that went with it—we don't like to emember and yet we certainly an't forget." WARNING OHDER George R. Gorski and Lucy A. Gorski, his wife and Gary Clark and Glodeana Clark, his wife, are warned to appear in :he Chancery Court for the Jhickasawba District of Mississippi County, Arkansas, within hirty (30) days next after the date' of the first publication ol this notice, to answer a com 1 plaint filed against them by Blytheville Federal Savings and Loan Association. Witness my hand as Clerk ol said court, an the seal thereof, at the City of Blytheville, Arkansas, on this 22nd day ol March, 1967. GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk By Geraldine Listen, Deptuy Marcus Evrard Title Insurance Building 118 West Walnut Street Blytheville, Arkansas Attorney for Plantiffs. ..:. Graham Sudbmy ••-: 115 North Second Street Blytheville, Arkansas Attorney ad litem J-25, 4-1, 8, 15 AUCTION Tuesday, April 18,1967-9:00 am Sikeston, Mo. Highway 60 East 300 TRACTORS 300 All Kinds of Implements Consign your tractors and implement* with us now. We have a good demand and a lot of action from buyers from many states. Brewer Implement Auction Sikeston, Mo. Beck & McCord, Auctioneers GRAND OPENING APRIL 14-15-16 Come In And Register For FREE PRIZES Many Fine Mobile Homes To Select From, Such as MAGNOLIA - SHELBY HOLIDAY - WINSTON RICHMOND FREE ENTERTAINMENT Saturday & Sunday Afternoon JOE GAJJDRE HOME HOME SALES Maiden, Missouri R. C. Masters, Safes Mar. Phone CR 6-2887

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