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The Gazette from York, Pennsylvania • Page 15

The Gazette from York, Pennsylvania • Page 15

The Gazettei
York, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:

r- "WV1 THiii wAZiUrrm YUKKt SaTUK DAY MORNING, MAY 11, 1912. 15 4 wa: Some Historic Houses OF VO'RK COUJVTy NO. 17 THE BETZ-GARRETSON HOUSE IN REDLAND VALLEY BT DR, I. BETZ SAVE-A- 1 We can show you more styles for $3.00 than any other store in York. Every pair guaranteed to be Goodyear Welts. Gccd Wear or a New Fair. Mens and Womens Shoes only. $2.50 $3.00 AC1UAL VALUE S3.50, $400, $4.50 Hammonds Sample Shoe Shop 2nd Floor Fluhrer Bld 17 W. MARKET STREET DR. H. BETZ- Theres no fun like work, when you eat i EDLAND VALLEY is situated west of Fishing Creek valley. In the upper end of York county. It 1 get namesdfroj the red character of the gc41i early Inhabited by people from Chester county, who were known as -Friends, who, crossed the rinerjaVvlVflt Iates, became known as us te7-Ferry. Tire Viames of these settlers were Thomas Hall, John Fes-son, Joseph Bennett, John Rankin and 4 KlUsIyJ. -Thomas -Hll, took the land 'now embf-adng th6 Garfetson farms, have later passed into others This valley was not as large as Fishing Gre tKtvaljppJ 5T Lewisberry was not" laid out for more uian a half century latCy, It through its history braced a. Class rft veryjntelllgen peo- pta. 5 Oft bt -tbo streams passing through its. borders was named after of the oarly settlers, Bennetts run. Thof-tricW- at first embraced a large area, which was later divided Into separate farms. Among the later -'eettfers were the "Kii-ks, the the Garretsons and others. William Garret son took up tract of land in this valley before or about the beginning of the Revolutionary which descended to his son Jacob and through him to his sop Israel. William Garretson was a son of the original ancestor, John Garretson, who was born In 1715, and his wife was i Content Garretson. They probably remained in Chester county, There have been no less than six generations of this family since the ancestors adent in America. The mansion house on the Garretson farm was erected by Jacob Garretson, sonqf William, who had taken up the orig-, lnll tract. This house was erected after the close of the Revolutionary war. It w'as a large stone building, having four doors snd windows on each story on the front, and two superposed on I the ends with two smaller ones on the attic, The commodious barn was constructed later and was what was known as three story. This was built -by Israel Garretson, who was born in 1791 and died in 1880. Jacob Garret-Son, the father of Israel, also built another. house to the north of the mansion house, which was some smaller in design and had only one attic window at each end, the import of which will appear This valley was chiefly settled by -'Friends, who were intensely antL slavery and belUved slavery to be the crime of crimes. Therefore they did not hesitate to give the flying bondman aid and comfort in his flight from bondage. Still farther to the north was another stone house with a frame addition, known as the Hodpes house. To the northeast was still another stone house, somewhat fallen into decadence years ago. All these houses 4 -came Into' possession of the Garret -'sons. There were other anti-slavery people In Mhis region; notably the Wickershams and the Lewises. Webster, Lewis was, a physician at BgBBarBflgsaw mma? gaagEw a HERSHEY BAKING CO. 40-48 JEFFERSON AVE. 91.49 SAILORS $1.49 Childrens Hate 98c 69c Well made Sailor Hats, rough Knox Braid, large size or medium, trimmed with Gros Grain band, Black enly. were heavily loaded with buckshot, which took effect and brought the fugitive to the ground. He was carried to the barn, where some of tha shot were extracted. He was taken bank to Virginia as an example to all other would-be fugitives who aspired to freedom. He died of his wounds some time afterward. When the second Fugitive Slave law was passed the aiding of fugitives became a dangerous business. Some men put their property out of their hands to prevent being held responsible for damages, which were excessively severe. Daniel Kaufman, across the South Mountain, at Boiling Springs, in Cumberland county, was fined $5,000 for giving fugitives, shelter in his barn, although he claimed it was given by his family without his knowledge. The anti-slavery people of the country came to his rescue by making up the sum. Thomas Garrett, of Wilmington, Delaware, was fined for a sum amounting to all he was worth, but when admonished by the Judge lhat he should stop his nefarious business of law-breaking, he bravely said; Judge, thou hast taken from me every dollar I have in the world, but if there is any person in this room of elsewhere, who knows of a poor, flying fugitive, who needs food or shelter, send him to Thomas Garrett and he willhelp Unfortunately this iron-clad law was so stringent in Its application that those who had written papers concerning their work destroyed them for fear they would serve to involve them in trouble. But much, has been recorded from tradition, so that a tolerably fair account can still be recorded. But much has perished or been overlooked that would be very Interesting could it be rescued from oblivion. Daniel Gibbons, in Lancaster county, presumed he had forwarded well on to one thousand fugitives and Daniel Kaufman and William C. Goodridge, of York, fully as many. The tale of Goodridge reads like a romance. Could his full record be given, it would make an interesting volume. Goodridge helped at least two of the men away from Christiana, Lancaster county. In that flrsf resistance to the slave power. From the Harpers Ferry band he helped Osborne Perry Anderson to escape successfully, after secreting hint several -weeks in his building, at Centre Square. Israel Garretson lived on the man slon farm where he was born in 1798, until his death in 1880, reaching an age of 82 years. In common with other operators on the underground railroad he was not given to talking much his work. That he gave fugitives room in his house is well known. He aiso gave them quarters In his barn. supplied them with food' and also with raiment when necessary. In some way they were directed to other friends, where they would receive equal care and atten tion. He had an experience In this work for well on to, forty years. He was a man of kindness and rare saga city. The two stone houses in question are still in a good state of preservation and are now tenanted by other occu pants. The two houses of William Childrens trimmed straw hats, rough braid trimmed with broad -satin-ribbon, in white, blue and'! red. Extra good values. ii Lewisberry, feeing born in 1780. His TURBANS 98c $5.98 Trimmed Hats 3.98 FORMEH.Ly 6 EAST STREET 17 E. MA'RKET ST'REET MILLINERY Free Trimming Service Our corps of skilled milliners will trim your hats free for you providing you buy he materials from us. son, Rgbert Lewis, practiced for many years at, Dover anA had many face to face encounters with the slavehunters. At Newberry a slave catcher snapped A j. a pistol at him, Which failed to go off. lie 'Webster Lewis earlier bad many ex Trimmed Turbans, made of proxeilne braid on wire frames, finished with rosette and jet cabuchon. Black only. Ladies new trimmed summer hats, large or medium elaborately trimmed with1; Im-, ported Flowers, Foliage end Ribbons. Blaek, white end 'oelore. V. A Sr i i 9 i if I 5 1 1 4 i -1 4 4 1 -i-v I 1 1 1 7 If you The Finest and Biggest Untrimmed Hat Section in York cannot find it at Sterns, you need not look elsewhere." portance and beneficent results must flow from them. But literary societies should be established in every centre devoted to literature and science, where lectures should he delivered and where discussions should be held, to teach the young to think on their feet. Every community should have a well selected reference library, up-to-date. Libraries too often contain eleven-twelfths of fiction, which Is wrong In principle and disastrous in results to the growing mind. Such mental diet tends to produce mental dyspepsia and destroys the taste for useful reading and inquiry. Local history should receive a large share of attention. Let an interest be created and enthusiasm will be aroused and the results will be great. A few public spirited men in a community are needed to initiate such movements, and when a sentimen is once aroused it will move by its own momentum. It is not yet too late to elicit much of the history of this community. The part played by its underground railroad would be full of rare interest, the more it is rescued from oblivion. The history of the cities of antiquity of thousands of years ago has been unearthed and restored. The history of a community two generations or mayhap three, should, still offer direct means of restoration. Much has been restored, but much more remains to be done. True it will require some trouble and outlay of time and money. But the outlay would yield in knowledge all it would cost. Be it remembered that the original outlay was made by these pioneers of humanitarianism without thought jf gain or reward. They saw their duty and performed It in the face of ignominy and scorn. The approval of a good conscience was their reward and -they allowed consequences to take care of themselves. They received but little credit for their sacrifices 'and still lesshbnor and reward. The present makes martyrs of such, but builds monuments to their memory on the morrow. This is the history of reform- The pioneers incur odium and reproach while future posterity does them honor. Next Saturday The Miller House, This remark we hear every day from our patrons. We carry the most complets line of untrimmed hats at underselling prices. Genuine Panamas as well as Imitations. Real and imitation Hemp Hats, Hair Hats, Chips, Milans, Leghorns, Javas, Raft as, Porteriees, Peauits and rough Braids. UN TRIMMED HATS T'RIMME F'RBE 49c 1o 4.98 effllHMlKM citing experiences in aiding fugitives. AH these experiences, occurred from the parsing the rsfc Fugitive Slave 1 law, iri 1793, which' was signed) by Washington, but who hod also been one of the first victims at the hands of 1 the. people. This con tinued-till -the passing of the second 'more stringent Fugitive Slave law, of 1850, which was signed Fillmore end also up to tl beginning of the war. ifcs re-formation of nntl-slavery societies and the forma tii, of' the National Anil-slavery Sobriety, in The signers of this lomjmct interesting read. Inijf bowadays, as it then required courage of the highest order to be-' tome identified wIth such a project. To go adiatance to such a convention, before the days of railroads, was considerable of an undertaking and ex---penee. But those who did not go were nor. -Idle, but remained at home to do work of andther kind, equally real Sml practical. It is thus that history Is made. About 1830 a fugitive came Into ltediand valley, and came to the sec-- end Garretson house. He had come from Virginia, being closely pursued. He deviated from the usual line taken and found hi way to' this valley. The slaves, all knew that they would re-; reive kindness "it the hands of the Vriendf, was fed and given ral- 'piuent and. on the morrow it was pro-t pcScd," after, a good nights to sehA Jibe. fugitive pnward. Just to what 30 URjRAH FOR Wright and Joel Wierman Adams comity, and that of Amos Grlest, at -Krust IDay The Harlsburg fans -are tickled almost to death over the way George Cockill and his Senators have been traveling. At Highland Park to be determined by cir 4 ij Corns Cured For 10c 1 cumstance. 0 Juet.ose ons vie ftpsps Dfsod RAser'sCoroSoiveD. Wednesday, August 14th, SULLIVAN BROS, will give an Old Fashioned Picnic at Highland Park, Every boy and girl, father and mother, in fact the whole family is invited. of you ll never spend anotner cent for any other corn cure or remedy on tbs market. Here's proof of what this wonderful Corn You Have a Good Time We Pay the Pills Solvent will do. J. B.Hahj a man over 80 years oiu THINK OF IT Figure Eight, Merry-Go-Round, Roller Skating, Dancing, Grand Concert, Ice Cream, Sandwiches, Lemonade, Games, Races. 50c Worth Of Amusement for 50 writes: I have spent a small fortune on worthless corn remedies but sever Lund anything that would give me anything more than tempo, rary relief. No matter what I used, the corns would come beck. About six months agaa friend advised me to try Baser! Corn Solvent. bought one 10c bottle and It completely cured every eorn and bunion on both feet. After six months there is no sign of the corns left. Its the one and only remedy that ever d. meanygoo' Baser Coin Solvent Just dissolves the oor-removesthem completely, without pain. If yo want immediate and permanent get t. bottle today. Buy of the druggist named belo or send loc to Wm. Barer, Druggist am. Chemist, Beading, Pa. Ask Your Grocer About it Today Hell Tell You How to Get the Labels Lodwerri coated die, in York county, also have new occupants and their former history has become a memory. As time rolls onward that men were bought and sold as property will seem incredible to coming generations. These old stations on the underground railroad will bav new inter est attached to them and they will be regarded with rare curiosity. Lewisberry and Kennett Square, In Chester county, are two of the most unique places in Pennsylvania. Lewisberry was founded by people from Chester county and therefore there was general sentiment incidental to both in all matters relating to reform and moral considerations. Where sections are colonized by particular classes of people, their ideas will abide Jong after they and their descendants have passed away. Their descendants, though scattered abroad, will say, I too am glad to have been descended from a people who first settled your historic community, Lewisberry formerly was ft community of hand made trades. In "its day it was a busy and prosperous town. With the changes produced by machinery, the industries of the town diminished. Not being a manufacturing its business, being changed, drifted to more favorably situated localities. It has now become a staid, quiet borough, which pursues the everi tenor of its way. Its Social Lyceum hag long since become a thing of the past. It could and should be revived. The old Issues, some of which were so earnestly debated, have become settled and therefore are dead issues, but others have arisen to take their place and are perhaps just as Important for solution. Still greater works could now be done, since the material and means for their elucidation are more pronouneed and ample. Education has been advanced and popularized. New clubs an associations have appeared, it is true, for the most part relating agriculture. This la a matter of high im- I But while ail this Voeeurfed, soubdir of. approaching horsemen was herd in the distance. A moment later y-tbey were seen approaching. No time wan to be lost. The fugitive could not be hidden elsewhere. He was spirited the, garret as th only resource. Tho horsemen dismounted four orflve in'' number. They stated' that they were in search of an escaped nigger and had traced him to this and were determined to have him. To make a satisfactory search, they, said they mult examine every part of the house. The occupants protested and asked for- their warrant. They molly said they had none, but sail, warrant or no warrant, they -were' determined to make a- thorough search of the premises. The people were non-resistants and were power-, less, especially In the face of armed men who carried heavy fowling pieces and hed an air of determination. The cellar wa; first searched and then the first, and second stories. The search was beds bedding. Baxes, chests and everything in which a person could be concealed were ruth Irssly opened "and overturned. Next came the attic, but Just about that -time. a struggling noise was heard and It developed that the fugitive h.d made his egress out of the small window and dropped dtstanee of 83 ft. to the gruuniL- Boys and Girls Everybody get busy, A great big day and it wont cost you a cent. I For sale in York by Wm, Smith Co. Madame Deans FRENCH p1LLS) SAILS FOR EUROPE LITERARY PROGRAM a number of her companions of many years ago. H. I A Saxe, Cektais Rb- i UXX for Suppressed Menstruation. KEYES NQWK T9 FAIL RECENT BIRTHS -ut Safe! Sure! Speedy! Satisfaction Guaranteed or Money Refunded. Sent chant Marine Gift, paper; William Whrenberg, J. Pulitzers Influence on American Journalism. paper; Marshal Preston, The Awaking of the South, paper; David Hill, Political Reforms, paper; debate, Resolved, That the pending income tax hfil should be passed by the United (States, affirmative, pavidUiJl. otjs Rechard; negative, Frederick Porter, John Miller; judges, Raul Ensminger, Marshal Preston, John Sprenkle; won by the negative side, 1 The Demosthenlan Literary society of tbe York High school held its weekly meeting on Thursday evening, May 9, 1912. Devotional exercises Were conducted by the chaplain, John Sprenkle. The following program was rendered: Ralph Hibner, The Enchanted Stair-case, original, story; Paul Ensminger, Our Standing Army." essay; A. Van Mengeringhaus en. A Prooosad Billion Dollar Mer prepaid for fl per box. ill send them on trial, to be paid for wbeu relieved. Samples Free. Insist on getting the genuine, accept no substitute. If your druggist does not hae (hem send your orders to tbe Mrs, James ,0. Garver, of 12 La-, fayetta street, on Monday sailed from Philadelphia on the steamer Haver-, ford for LAerpool. from which place she will -go to Manchester, England, the home of her youth. She will rt main abroad for two months; Mr. Garver came to this country with her parents when only seven years of age and thl Is her first return trip. She will be received by hsr relative and Vlhe stork visited "th following home recently: Mr, and Mr. Herbert Rita, Long Level, a son; Mr. and Mrs. John Barley, and Mr. and Mrs. Irvin Kohler, Felton, and Mrs. D. Rosa Anderson, New Park, a son. fugitive ran to get away from his piirsuers, but Just about that time hetjy 'riiecL men oame running to the east end- and hailed him to stop. Not heeJing-thelreommands he kept rvnnlngr They Arad their gtpna. which UNITED MEDICAL CO, Bei 74. Liacasier, Pa. I 7 A a-

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