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F' tv Jf. I I SURPLUS AND DEFICIENCY. Miscalculations of the Deiiiocratlo Calamity Shrlekor.s. The treasury surplus was a first-class political bugaboo in 1SS7, when Grover Cleveland wrote his famous screed against the American tariff system of protection. At that time a surplus was an original and mysterious affair, almost unique in tlie history of governments; and when. President Cleveland t-old of its terrors and piled on the iiffony until he had a large portion of the circulating medium within the vaults of the treasury, the business and industry of the country prostrate and the people bankrupt, his dire predictions, like thase of Wiggins or Venner, attracted passing 1 attention. Of course, Mr. Cleveland was a false prophet. The condition which confronted him %nd whose horrid front he exposed to public view was intended to scare the people into his free-trade method of reducing' the revenue and reforming the tariff. But they did not scare. On the contrary, they tumbled Mr. Cleveland out of the white house jA the first opportunity and engaged Harrison, Blaiue, Reed, WcKinley & Co. to perform the work of reduction and reform. Mr. Cleveland's "condition" was not even "a good enough Morgan." Having exploited the political possibilities of a surplus, to their disaster, the democratic leaders, with remarkable versatility, turned to the consideration of a deficiency. Early last year they figured that republican extravagance in conorress had bankrupted the treasury and. that in the face of a deficiency the republicans did not dare pass the MeKinley bill with its provisions for reducing the revenue. In reaching this conclusion they calculated on an expenditure for pensions of 885,000,000 more than the amount appropriated for the year. They included some 56,000,000 as the year's proportion of the 876,000,000 to be expended Tinder the Blair educational 'bill—a measure to which the republicans of the senate gave a quietus ' early in the first session. They figured on a big" .river and harbor bill, at least §15,000,000, for the second session of the Fifty- first congress, although no measure appropriating a dollar for such a purpose has been proposed. The shockingly bad methods of democratic calculation have been shown in •the failure of their prophecies to materialize; and the deficiency in the revenue on which they have staked so many false charges against the republicans is still as far off as ever. But, while "the democratic calamity sbriekers have not retracted their falsehoods, they have lapsed into silence regarding "republican extravagance" and a "bankrupt treasury." which is both significant and suggestive. The logic of events has been too much for the democratic arithmeticians. The republicans, not in the slightest degree alarmed by their predictions, proceeded to pass the MeKinley bill reducing the revenue £50,000,000 a year. More than that. Secretary Windom Icept right on buying bonds and paying for them with money out of the treasury; and, from the time he assumed office till a tragic fate overtook him, lie expended 8250,000,000 in buying bonds in order to relieve the money markets of the country. Of course, if the republican congress liad been extravagant and had bankrupted the treasury Mr. TVindom would not have been able to pour out 8100,000,000 of cash from the treasury vaults between midsummer of 1SOO and the first of the year, when democratic success and Argentine troubles led to the locking 1 up of money. Senator John Griffin Carlisle has disturbed the democratic silence by coming forward in the North American Review •with a renewed prediction of a treasury deficiency. He puts it at §14,000,000 .for July 1, 1891, and SS4,000,000 for July-1, 1893. He .probably argues that if he and his friends were in the slightest degree justified, last summer, in pre-, dieting a deficiency, before Mr. Windom expended that '8100,000,000 for "bonds, the prospect of a deficiency must now be excellent. The senator ought to be ashamed of his course. Unwarranted predictions of a deficiency in the national revenue might be tolerated in the stupidly partisan Albany Argus, "but hardly become the leader of the democratic minority in the United States senate. Mr. Carlisle has no warrant for his prediction, either in the present condition of the treasury or in the estimated receipts and expenditures during the coming year and a half. We shall expose his ignorance or his willful misrepresentation on July 1, 1S91, and again on July 1. 1S02.— Albany 'Journal. CLEVELAND AND JEFFtRSON. The "Stuffed PropUnt's" Bnld Bid for His Oivn Kenominfltion. As a dealer in platitudes Grover Cleveland is a notable success. He is on hand to speak or write upon the slightest incentive. He has a fund of empty phrases, which are on tap all the time. The latest occasion for turning the faucet was the birthday of Thomas Jefferson. Between that great statesman, with his profound study of the problems of government, both in the abstract and in the concrete, and Grover Cleveland there is much the same resemblance there is between a race horse and an ox. Jefferson made one mistake, and it Is that mistake which links him to the democratic party. He thought there •was'danger of too .much centralization,. •when, as events proved, it was just the other way. His prophetic vision was at fault. Naturally a party which has a record made up for the. most-part of blunders and crimes delights in tracing a family relation to a great man, no matter what the point of consanguinity may be. The especial championship of state rights,, which was simply the centrifugal side of the two great -forces recognized as necessary to our complex system of government in the days of Jf'efferson, became, under the operation 01 tne democracy of thii'ty years ago an attempt to destroy the government Every time the democratic party, from that day to this, has attempted to shielc itself behind the great name of Jeffer son it has offered a wanton insult to his memory. Mr. Cleveland's speech,' stripped ol all verbiage, was merely this: Renon* inate me for president in 1S93 on a free- trade platform. The protection wing of the party and every democrat who Is opposed to me is a traitor in the camp. That is the sum and substance of the address. He closed his remarks by a return to the attack of his personal opponents. These men, whether Dana, Watterson, Pugh or other democrats who say he ought not to be nom- ,inated again, are guilty of stirring up strife and sowing discords in the counsels of the party, and that often from the worst of motives. So completely does he fill' his own eye that he can see nothing beyond himself, nordistinguish between a personal opponent and what he is pleased to stigmatize as "traitors skulking in our camp." There have been a good many expressions within the last two or three months as to Mr. Cleveland's candidacy which have been very prejudicial. Immediately after the elections of last fall he enjoyed a. boom and seemed in a fair way to win the nomination without a struggle, but a reaction has set in. This reaction is by no means confined in its avowed opposition to his interference in the silver controversy. Other objections are urged. As matters now stand the solid south seems to be solidly opposed to him. Hill cannot be said to have grown in favor. His clinging to the governorship after his election to the United States senate has materially handicapped him as a presidential candidate, and General Palmer's identification with the split in Chicago has ruled him out- The field is clear so far as can be discovered by a survey of it with the naked eye. But there is time enough to concentrate on some other candidate, and it is reasonably sure that the ill-natured flings of Cleveland at the dinner given by the "governors" of the democratic clubs of New York will not promote his chances, although the absence of Hill was a significant snub of that latest Pooh-Bah.—Inter Ocean. COMPOSITION OF THE SENATE. How tlio Kecent Change* Affected tlio Political Strciifrtli of That Ifody. The election of Charles JS'. Felton as United States senator from California is the last change which will be made in the political composition of the senate, unless death shall cause further vacancies. Only one seat now remains to be filled—that of Senator Wilson of Maryland, deceased, a democrat who will be succeeded by a democrat. Illinois was the last of '2S states to choose a senator for the term beginning March 4, 189 L. In 17 of these states the senators whose terms were about to expire succeeded themselves. Of these men nine were republicans: Mr. Stanford of California; Mr. Teller of Colorado; Mr. Platt of Connecticut; Mr. Allison of Iowa; Mr. Jones of Nevada; Mr. Mitchell of Oregon; Mr. Cameron of Pennsylvania; Mr. Morrill of Vermont, and Mr. Squire of Washington. Eight are democrats: Mr. Pugh of Alabama; Mr. Jones of Arkansas; Mr. Call of Florida; Mr. Voorhees of Indiana; Mr. Blackburn of Kentucky; Mr. Wilson of Maryland; Mr. Vest of Missouri, and Mr. Vance of North Carolina. There were seven changes of a personal but non-political character. In Georgia, from Senator Brown to Senator Gordon; in Louisiana, from Senator Eustis to Senator White; in Ohio, from Senator Payne to Senator Brice; in North Dakota, from Senator Pierce to Senator Hansbrough; in New Hampshire, from Senator Blair to Senator Gallinger; in Idaho, from Senator McConnell to Senator Dubois; in South Carolina, from Senator Hampton to Senator Irby. The political changes were: In New York, from Senator Evarts to Senator Hill; in Illinois, from Senator Farwell to Senator Palmer; in Kansas, from Senator .Ingalls to Senator Peffer; in South Dakota, from Senator Moody to Senator Kyle; in California, from Senator Hearst to Senator Felton. In the senate prior to the 4th inst.'the republicans numbered 51 and the democrats 37, a republican majority of 14. Among the new members Mr. Peffer, of Kansas, and Mr. Kyle, of South Dakota, are classed as Farmers' Alliance men, while Mr. Hansbrough, of North Dakota, and Mr. Irby, of South Carolina, are'considercd a republican and a democrat respectively, although both received alliance support. Likewise Senator Gordon, of Georgia, although 3 member of the alliance, is included among the democrats. On this basis the senate would contain 48 republicans, 38 democrats and two Farmers' Alliance men—a clear republican majority of eight over all.—Albany Journal. —The silver service given by the citizens of San Francisco to her new cruiser, the San Francisco, was made in Boston at the cost of $7,500. The set includes thirty-two pieces 'in silver and gold, the characteristic feature of whict is the figure of the California grizzly baari«nodoled in solid gold, on all the larger pieces. The silver work is finished in a combination' of dead satin and highly polished embellishments of a fluted pattern. Each piece bears an engraved reproduction of the coat of arms of San Francisco, with the motto, "Oro en paz, fierro en guerra," upon a scroll, ' —Science Corroborated.— J. Newton Laplace—"When we say that the 'sun goes down' at nightfall, we are, of course, speaking inaccurately. It is really.the earth that moves,, and we' ought to say the'earth comes up.'" H. Drinkwine Rounder—"I've always thought it must be so! Only last night the earth came up and hit me."—Chica-' go Saturday • Herald. "\voirrcfri in Government Employ The employment of women in English government offices is steadily progress ing. The post office led the way, and now the war office is following suit, few weeks ago, says the Pall Mall Ga zette, there were seventeen women clerks, in that department: now there are twenty, and it is proposed to bring- the number up to forty. It is true tha' the war office officials have not hitherto displayed a very lively faith in the bus iness capacities of the fair sex. As ye their female clerks are only employee in typewriting, a light mechanica kind of work for which it must cer tainly be admitted women are peculiarly adapted. The official mind move; slowly; but that it should move at all. and that in the right direction, is eminently encouraging. There is every reason to hope that the movement to which the strikes and rumors of strikes among men has given such an impetus will extend to all the government departments, and that before long the civil service will offer a free and open career to the intelligence of women. ADJUSTABLE SAWBUCK. Valuable Suggestion for Boys Who TJ»o a Crom-Cut Saw.,, For the benefit of the boys who use a cross-cut saw at the wood-die, Mr. T. M. J31der, of Nebraska, sends to Farm ani Fireside a description of an ad justa- ADJUSTABI.Z SATVTJUCE. blc sawbuck. The ends are made of 2x4. scantling three feet long, mortised together. They are connected by apiece of wagon-tire eight feet long. The cut makes no further explanation necessary. Preparing the Seed Bed. A little tender delicate seed is as helpless as an infant. It must have a well- prepared bed—fine, soft,-even, and if it does not it will wake up prematurely some time in spring, and not finding things congenial will turn over and go to Seep again. It never wakes up the second time. Land must be plowed up deep, be manured with fine (not lumpy) manure, be evenly mixed through and allowed to settle three or four days be- fora the seed is put in. This finely- prepared seed bed Is the foundation of the crops, and no after labor can rectify any carelessness-—German town Telegraph. ^ OATS are a good feed to make bone and muscle, but not for egg production, sllnc up life's Jtugrscd Hill With youth, vigor, ambition, and an indomitable will to help us, is no such grevious matter, but tottering down again, afflicted by the ailments which beset old age—our backs bent with lumbago, our elastic muscles and joints stiff and painful, is a woeful piece of business. For the infirmities which the decline of life too often brings. Hostetter's Stomach Bitters is a beneficient source of relief, a mitigating solace always to be depended upon. No regulating tonic evolved by botanic medical discovery is. so well calculated, so thoroughly able, but without undue stimulative effect, to help the aged, the delicate and the convalescent—to resuscitate the vitality of a frame which, time and physical decline have impaired as this. 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