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PAG36F? i- ' State s Welfare ,.-« -Vr > Burden Heavier ! i Number Of Clients , Constantly Growing Despite Good Times LITTLE ROCK, Mnr. 8.—Arknn- sas's 1.3,000 welfare clients of the depression years of.tho 1930s has iiear- )y trebled m an era of unnrece- dented'w'artune prosperity, a study ot stiie nelfaie assistance grants reveals. State'.Welfare Commissioner Ted Christy produced records which showed ^an increase In the welfare rolls from slightly more than 13,000 in 193G to 34,354 grants'In form of old age assistance, aid to dependent children and the blind, thfs month. Average grant Increased over the eight-year period from approximately ?5 to $12. Total grants for this month were 5678,410,' liillc more than .$2,000 above the February figure Opponents of a House measure to grant $2,000,000 additional from the welfare fund surplus of approximately. $9,000,000 to cafe for all 3,000 applicants on the Welfare Department's., waiting ..list maintain that bids for additional funds arc not justified. Governor Lnney has signed,a bill allotlng an additional $1,000,000 over the Budget Committee's appropriation bill for $4,000,000 for the department. .The $1,000,000 will be used to give 100 per cent of budgetary heeds of applicants instead of 15 per cent, upon which grants heretofore have been based.. • Mr. Christy seemed' surprised by his study of the \velfnrc records showing tiie. trcinenclous. increase'. He has been welfare commissioner a little more than Uvo months.' Depression years, with the accompanying dole, have 'accustomed HID public to receive public assistant grants as its due, he snld. He expressed concern • over the growing welfare list and the tendency to accept grants as "old age benefits" rather: than. public-Aid. Increase in clients has been chiefly among older persons, he said, because of the default of children who are, in many cases, well able to care for their parents. That benefits to this class of .clients should increase m a war-time prosperity when many parents : and other relatives are receiving allotments from members of the armed forces Js to the welfare commissioner an - indication of "national education toward the dole." Mr Christ} said the 3,000 persons now on the Welfare Department waiting lists have not been certified as woithy of assistance; they have-only applied for aid. He indicated belief that the milk of this B7--Y'L 1 HBVIi..La CO'uiUiSK HEWB Jock Frost Paints Ugly Garden Picture; Don't Plant Too Early Henry Pre« reports should HY JiKNIlY L. i'KEE Written for MEA' Service Accompanying frost chart, given merely to guide the early gardener, is based on long-time averages of dates of the last spring frosts. It must he borne In mind that location and exposure of your lot may make considerable difference. A garden on well-drained soil facing south Is workable 10 days or so before the garden in your neighbor's yard on the other side of the street. Local weather determine n safe date to set out tender plants, seed of which may lie sown indoors or in the hotbed six to eight weeks before that dale, Tender plants should not be set out until danger from killing frosts has passed. Inquiries should also be made among experienced gardeners In your locality to provide n check on .these dates. It Is just as well not to get your seeds In too early milsldc; If you must, rush the season, start them indoors. Vegetables will come along just ns fnst If they nrc planted after the season is favorable. Seeds of hardy plants, such as radishes, beets and carrots, can be sown outdoors with safety a couple of weeks before the. last killing frost date—only If the soil Is workable; never work wet soil. Kale, turnips, kohlrabi, spinach nmi parsnips are rather hardy and will tolerate n very light freeze. Crops adapted to n. wiilc range of temperature but not tolerant to exposure near freezing Include onions, leeks, melons, cucumbers, beans, tomatoes, potatoes, celery, lettuce, sweet corn, peppers, eggplant, okra and globe artichoke. Only place in Die united States where killing frost does not occur is Key west, Ma. U. S. Weather Bureau reports indicate that along the northern margin of the cotton Ml the last killing frost In spring occurs usually about April 11, along the. northern margin of the corn Mt about May )i and in northern Maine, In the Green Mountains of Vermont, In the Adlrondacks, in the Iron Ranges'Of tipper Michigan and m northeastern Minnesota about June i. At the higher elevations In the west there arc large grazing nrcas In which frost occurs after June l. By keeping track of current weather Information sent out by the U. S. Weather Bureau through newspapers, you can make a much more intelligent and effective cs- llmnle as to the ' proper time to sow seed nnd set out plants. Osceola Group Hears Friend Talk On Youth P. Friend, sports writer for Courier News, was guest speaker at the Tuesday meeting of the Osccoln Rotary Club, using ns the subject of his address 'Young Pe«)le of Today and To-' number could he cared for through private financial means. "We will always have deserving cases, nnd likewise we will have J. the mornv." In discussing our young people he included young men and women In military service, many of whom he knows personally nnd hears from frequently. He-gave them credit for courage,' cool Judgment and ability to quickly cope with any emergencies Hint may arise nnd attributed much of this to Ihe training they received In alhlelics n our schools, lopped by the thorough training K lvcn In the several branches of military service. Mr. Friend wns Introduced by J. A. Plg s , program chairman foi- the meeting. Ration Calendar abuses of our system no matter how well administered, but It Is dis- MEATS FATS FTC couraging to find a shameless ac- Book 4, Red' Stamps Q5 through ceptance of public aid where other S5, good.through March 31 !?U means of support is available," he T5 through X5 , good 'throueli said - A P"1 28. stamps Y5, Z5 nnd Mr. Christy snld .he Is drafting new Instructions for county welfare workers which would (orbid recommendation for aid or any persons whose children are financially able to lend support. Cases are studied by county workers nnd then certified by the state office, which Investigates only in event-of appeal. A slaliile reciuires'reinvesllBalton by lie county worker only once a year. The commissioner said Ihe Welfare Department needs more case workers in the counties. Supporters of the House measure naintain the additional grant will >e needed for wartime emergencies wfore the 1941 legislature meets. •Hinds from the surplus are available to the department only through egislative enactment. The suggestion has been made hat a recovery law, such ns Is in orce in other states, would lower .he number ot applicants (or grants. Under such a law New Jersey has recovered iibont $450.000 from persons who were not entitled to nid ':hey received. • -...(«j j.u, tjj JUKI t\& through D2, good through June 2 Slumps E2 through J2 good through PROCESSED FOODS Book 4, Blue Stamps X5 YD Z5 nnd A2 and 132, good through March 31. Stamps C2 through O2 good through April 28. stamps m through M2, good through June 2 Stamps N2 through S2, through June 30. LOOKING AHEAD SUG Alt Book 4, Stamp No. 35, good for five pounds through June 2. An- «r«tO*«I t UNION WHO MAY THINK? Stopped by n traffic signal while driving in n narrow, busy street n few days ago, my enr caught a, familiar mu.sical note. Just beyond the sidewalk, through a big, onen door, a blacksmith was shaping shoes for a farmer'.-; heavy team. Horns behind me suggested moving nloiifr Ijefore I liacl finished looking, but It was an inspiration to watch tills workman, so skillful and ener- Kctle. . . .,,, Movinjf-plc'tiire blacksmiths are elderly gentlemen with droopy mustache, but not this man. He was about 30, clean shaven and active. The tempo of his hammer was lively. The hopeful picture he unwittingly posed of post-war America lifl.s come to mind since, several times. More recently I have been listening to men discuss post-war plaiM In general terms; lofty, ab- xlract language. Fabricating Sentiment Various people speak often today about shaping public opinion, like the young blacksmith shapes nnd flis Iron shoes for horses and mules Those Irylng to shape public opinion do not all have the same Ideas, but nil agree that popular sentiment e.iii be moulded. No Informed person will deny It. Hitler did it. National .leaders do it.iilKthc time, consciously or unconsciously, for better or for worse. You have heard the old saying, "Knowledge is power." u Is sup-' pcred to have flowed from the pen of Francis Bacon nboul 300 years ago, but I think Bacon lifted this choice bit of wisdom from Solomon- Proverbs 24-5. It has stood the test of time. Moulding public sentiment through Intelligent disseminations of facts Is legitimate and proper. It Ir the best antidote for fnlse uropapanda, the lite of which .Is becoming more an<t more common In America. Common Sense of Most For eleven years in China I watched selfish local war lords exercise their power over a patient lulling peasantry. That can be (lone easily where the greal mass of the people are unlearned, as In Chinn, where 80 per cent could neither read nor write. Unlearned ma.Tcs sometimes rebel, but they usually full because the energy they exert is not power . . . onlv ill-directed force. For 15C years the United States has prospered and grown as a ReV public. This is superior to a 'de- mocrnfy in that it provide,- for the safety ami protection of the minority, whereas a democracy places the minority nt the mercy of Die majority, sometimes just.as heartlessly us a dictatorship. That is why minorities have retained freedom in America. That i-, why each individual v; still free to think for himself. An Offensive Figure j It Is Impossible to get a corner on a nation's Ideas. Every man- Does Rabbit Run Faster Uphill Or Downhill? Question For G/s THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1945 and woman has a brain and there ...„- „ >s onlv one way to keep them from other stamp Is scheduled to be ' ul1 " 211 "! tll!lsc assets to enrich validated May 1 Home-canning' lhcmselve -" nn <' the whole race, sugar, up to 20 pounds per person ' I ! amcl >'- kec P ' e <™ ignorant. The ...... ... .......''__ ".i"- 1 IJL-IMHI, American way is the other way: Schooling -ix free; libraries arc everywhere; press mid radio prosper keeping people informed. Our | people have knowledge and our -• i- "J "*.>.^ut«iv;ti m UU validated May 1. Home-canning' sugar, up to 20 pounds per p will be available March 15. SHOES Book 3, Airplane Stamps 1, 2 and ' 3. Termination date not set. NKW VOIIK, Mar. 7 (U.P.)— AinotiOLin soldiers overseas have ton asked to answer n difficult question; not how soon Hitler will surrender, but whether rabbits ram faster uphill or downhill. Tills-ivery controversial question was included jn a quiz program .wit overseas for the entertainment of the GIs by the Army Information Service. And rabbit ex- peiti here fit home, Including men of the Information Service, have jumped the gun In the argument, expressing their opinion on how I (17 Inmny runs. Captain Kaymonjl E.- Powers, a n.-ilive of the North Oklahoma Jni'k rabbit country.- contends the rabbit Is faster on the uphill climb than on the downgrade hop. He r.iKWs that the fact hat the rabbit's hind legs are longer than the front legs Is ample proof of Oils point. Uiit the officers and men who assist Canlnin Powers have an entirely different version. They say n rabbit does not run up hills &l all. He runs around them. LCI- Cramtall, though, who Is head curator of the Bronx Zoo, takes the downhill side of the question. He says the bunny can too) downhill much faster (him uphill. "The pull of gravity," he reasons, "is against him uphill." However, Crandnll admits that he never chased a rabbll uphill, nut he stand ons his reputation as a •ma man that a rabbit Is faster going clippcty-clip downgrade. The star of the Broadway hit show "Harvey", Frank Fay, who Is noted for his stage talks with uu Invisible six-foot-tall rabbit iiim'd "Harvey", says— "I'm the greatest living authority on the rabbit." And he adds "Nobody can agree with me because nobody but me can see the rabbit lhr.t I'm an authority on. Let 'me say from the depths of my profound knowledge that the true rabbit can run uphill or downhill equally fast, if I'm facing It." The authority on most anything Webster, the man who wrote the dictionary, has the last word OH the rabbit question. "The rabbit," says Webster "multiplies rapidly and often becomes a post." But what about the rnbblt going uphill, as.compared with him going downhill, the Army still wants to know. nation has power. A country, whose leaders want the benefit of the best thinking of the whole nation, is on Its way mi. A nation that confines ilr. thinking and planning to bureaus nnd bureaucrats Is on Its way down, central planners reason thus: "The blacksmith has a head on him, and so does his hammer. Why bother about either? We will <Jo the thinking nnd the planning." Gcr- mim.v_nlanned for the whole of her peojile, but her wages were only hair p,-: high ns American wanes in 19.1!). Russia does governmental planning for all of her people. Wages (here were about one-sixth of American wages in 1939. I am for keeping our Republic, for drawing on the Intelligence of our entire population and for keeping a well and correctly Informed public. "Knowledge is Pmrcr." the same Island he scored a hit °" «"» jiositions, thus materially aiding the Invasion bv ground forces which followed," ' n , L J" llcn , snt Barksdale, the son o Mrs. J. D. Dmtadalc of Blythe- vlUe, now I, salloncd at N. A. S. Cecil Field, Jacksonville, Flo Navy Awards Gold Star To it Barksdale Lieut, Cj.tO Butler Barksdale of BJylhevilie lias been awarded the Gold Star in lieu of a second Air Medal for services while participating in aerial nights as pilot of a carrier-based scout bomber airplane. \Tlie citation accompanying the medal reads In part: "During the period 1 September to 10 September 1944 he participated in numerous attacks against the enemy in the vicinity of the Bonln and Caroline Islands. On 10 September IBi'.. while participating in an attack on the Caroline Islands his bomb was seen to hit medium anti-aircraft positions, destroying at least one position. Again on 12 September 1944 in an attack on WARNING OllUER In (lie Chancery Court, Chlcka- sawba District, Mississippi County. Arkansas. Ruby Kingston, Plaintiff, y s- No. 9018 . Tahnage Langston, Defendant. The defendant, Talmage Langston Is hereby warned to appear within thirty nays In the court named in the caption hereof nnd answer the complaint of the plain- till Euby Langston. Dated this 20 day of February, HARVEY MORRIS, Clerk By D. Mulr, D. C. Percy A. Wright, Atty. for Pltf. Claude P. Cooper, Atty. ail Lltem. Unlike most of the cat family tigers swim well nnd like water. ' BEST-KNOWN home remedy for relieving miseries of children's colds. Swift's Slaughter House will lie closed until March lath, for painting and screening fov your prolectlon of good Quality Meats throughout the Spring ami Summer months. ijx/^s Come in today fur a free application of SofsVm Cremo, the'delicaiely scented, non-greasy emollient that keeps your hands ready for romance, yoiirslcin softer, whiter, lovelier. You'll be particularly grateful because Sofstin also protects wrists, miles, el- boivs against the drying effects of wind and cold. la tktBlack itf tai lia 35/, SB/ ati }1.BJ shn w». T« At Beamy Salons and Csimtlie Caunitri SOFSKIN COMPANY, FINOUY, OHIO ^-^ GASOLINE I4-A coupons good for four gal- LMK! Clma, Yes, bine—and in a beautiful glove-filling elaslicizcd pump. $6 Sg SCSI U id V StratSI,!rs' r ,,,(J5S» GIVE MORE-GIVE Keep Your RED CROSS At His Side! The Family Shoe Store 312 W. Main Phone 2342 Ions each through March 21. B-5, C-5, B-c and C-G coupons good for five gallons. Read Courier News Want Ads. BCK IN STOCK ^'"J'-fJ - ( *-r < ^'- > : '-- r ' •'O :•'.-'• '. iSTEEL WOOUN l^LBrPACKAGES Pure Shellac. Aluminum Paint. Night Latches. Electric Churns. Padlocks Electric Solder Irons. Hawaiian Wigglers. Shannon Spinners. —All In Plentiful QcanllUes Al PLANTERS HARDWARDE CO. 126 W. Main Tb* Complete Hardware Store , Phone 515 Here Are A Few MORE GET ITEMS Do Not Ask Us For These Specials Before SATURDAY MORNING! Foot Lockers 8.65 Carpenters Braces 3 T 5 $1 Smoothing Irons •No. 7—OW Style . Gold Seat Congoleum RUGS Size 9 x PLANTERS HARDWARE CO. , 126 W. Main i f'L ' Incorporated Phone 575 (At Least They Help a Lot) 'And we can keep your "fine Feathers" looking clean and fresh as the day you bought them with our modern dry cleaning .. . You can trust your daintiest frocks to the careful skill of our workmen . . . Why not send the whole family's Spring cfothing to us today? 24 HOUR SERVICE 0 Thanks to modern equipment and experienced cleaners, we're still able to give one day service on dry cleaning. Garments handled on this basis, however, must be brought in and called for. HUDSO Cleaner-Tailor-Clothier f '» L-i? ' ^-y^te&ttsa^m^.