Suburbanite Economist from Chicago, Illinois on August 3, 1960 · Page 15
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Suburbanite Economist from Chicago, Illinois · Page 15

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Chicago, Illinois
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Wednesday, August 3, 1960
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Page 15
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For Study Here Priest From India Views East, West - BY PAT MATSUMOTO A Catholic priest from Kerala, India, now living in the St. Mel rectory, observed the other day that American Catholics have a greater love of their church, and understand better their responsibilities to their parish, than Catholics elsewhere. | ; The priest, Rev. Cyriac Pul- lapilly, has been in this country a y,ear and three months. He moved to the St. Mel rectory two months .ago on the invitation of the Most Rev. Raymond P. Hillinger, an auxiliary bishop of Chicago and -pastor of the parish. "For Catholics in Europe and S o u t h A m e r i c a , the church has been closer to the state and political rule. Often the church has been a burden for them. That is why in South America and in Europe love for the church and church rituals and demands is not as great as It !s here. !n America, and also in my state, Kerala state on the southwest coast of India, the church is appreciated a great deal, because people belong- to the church by choice not by command." According to Father Cyriac, the Catholic church is respected by non-Christians in the Kerala state as well. "THAT IS because most educational facilities are run by the Catholic church. The Catholics have been responsible for raising the literacy rate of our state from the 30 per cent which is the national average to 90 per cent." The priest explained Catholics make up one and a half per cent of the Indian population. Another one per cent are non-Catholic Christians; i-ie remainder are Hindu. In the Kerala state where Father Cyriac was born, 20 per cent of the population is Catholic. ' "CATHOLICS HAVE been in India for over 2,000 "years," he remarked. "St. T h o m a s , the Apostle brought his religion -to us. He lived on the Malabar coast in the Kerala state, and much of his writings were done there. That is why we are called St. Thomas Christians in the Kerala state." The ceremony originally performed by the Indian Catholics was said in the Aramaic language of St. Thomas, and - of Jesus. Father Cyriac said, during 1 the 1600's the Portug-uese gained control of the Indian coastal areas and latinized the ceremony. "During the next year we will return to the original customs practiced before the invasion of the Portuguese. We..will have more vernacular "in the mass, the Malayalam language," ·, Father Cyriac said, "We also now have incensing in the lower masses." * * *. THE PRIEST pointed out that India, unlike other non-Christian nations, did not persecute i t s small n u m b e r of Christians. Christians have enjoyed special privileges rather than persecution throughout'centuries there. "Only once were Christians persecuted,"-Father Cjjriac said, "That was 300 years ago in Thana. Thana js now c a l l e d Bombay and is the capital of my country. "Otherwise Christians h a v e been honored rather than per-, secuted. That is because members of the Brahman class, the highest caste in Hindu society, were the ones who converted to Christianity. We still have gold plaques, plates and s c r o l l s signed by many of the 600 kings of India conferring special immunity and p r i v i l e g e upon Christians in our. country. Today Christians are considered the highest caste, even though the ca.sfp system, itself, is part I of the Hindu religion." A Syro-Malabar r i t e priest, Father Cyriac is in the United States to receive a secular degree in history. He had a choice of studying in Rome or coming to Chicago to study at DePaul. "The Bishop of Palai in the Kerala state decided that a secular degree and an education in America w o u l d be more profitable," Father Cyriac said. "That is why I am here." He is presently-writing a thesis on Ghandi's non-violence principle for a master's degree in European history, at DePaul university. _ He will begin his studies for a doctoral degree at the University of Chicago in the fall. # # * ORDAINED in 1948, Father Cyriac completed his undergraduate studies at the St. Joseph Apostolic seminary, in the Kera- la state, the second largest seminary in the world. While attending the seminary he wrote'for a missionary publication in India called "Home Field." He also helped organize an anti-communist student organization w h i c h t h i s year helped overthrow the Communist party which was in control of the legislature in his state. He also was editor and publisher of an anti-coirimunist magazine and has written and had published four books, one oh Marxist philosophy and Communist techniques in gaining political power in a country; one on youth organizations in India, af third on religious vocations and the fourth on man's loyalty toward God and country. After his ordination, Father Cyriac was assigned to a tribunal to investigate the life of a Franciscan sister who died at the age of 32 after three years in the sick bed. . "So many miracles occurred bcause of her, that^the Bishop appointed the tribunal for the canonization of Sister Alphonsa," Father Cyriac said. * * * AFTER RECEIVING his doctorate, Father Cyriac will return to India w h e r e he will teach in a college there. Although enjoying his studies and happy with his immediate future, the priest remarked that PERSONAL LIQUORS "We Meet a W, ^^/Vf^// ' :u t^P^co '" ' 4241 W. MADISON STREET FREE DELIVERY NEvado 8-4670 LIQUORS BEER ATLAS PRAGER $^39 2 Case 24 -- T2-Oz. Bottles Cash Carry WHISKEY 5-Yr.-0!d Bonded HIRAM WALKERS^ PRIVATE CELLAR*^ 3 89 Fifth Popular Brands -- Regular Size CIGARETTES CTN. $199 1 CASH CARRY WHISKEY 6-Year Old Straight Kentucky Bourbon Fifth BEER CANADIAN ACE 2 -- 16-Oz. Beer Goblets Free GIN Popular Brand Triple Distilled 2 59 Fifth VODKA Charcoal Filtered $"159 2 Fifth BEER PREMIUM Popular Brand Case 24-- I2-Oz. Cans CASH CARRY 2 We Reserve the Right to Limit Quantity he would alsp like to be able to do some missionary work. "That is the heart and soul of a man," he said, "to take , part in a conversion is a wonderful thing;. The revelation of God to the individual is .a port of miracle. I would like to become a missionary but I don't think I will have time." Father Cyriac is an only child. For that reason his parents were very much against his becoming a priest. * * * "IN INDIA, parents depend upon their children for support in their old age. 'Because I have become a priest and I am the only child, my parents have no one to rely upon when they are old," Father Cyriac said. Both of the priest's parents are still relatively young, however. They are in their late 40s. Father Cyriac is 27. "In my country c o u p l e s used to marry when they were very young:. My mother became a bride when she was 12. Recently, however, the government p a s s e d a law which requires a bride to be at least 16, and the groom to be 18. In the Hindu tradition, children are p r o m i s e d to one another when' they are born. Parents make the arrangements and a marriage takes place at birth. Another marriage takes place when the couple is five or six and the final marriage occurs when they are in their early teens..This was the tradition before the law was passed. * » » AND ALTHOUGH Father Cy- rzac's parents were Catholics, they too followed the tradition of their country a n d married young. But, when married, the couple does not go off to live alone as they usually do in this country; Instead the couple live with the parents, and the parents are often still living with the grandparents.' . "In America," he n o t e d , "there is a great deal of tension in : the -family. There is little family unity and no family closeness. I think this is because the young couples are not prepared for what they must face when they marry and have children," he said. He attributed another cause for lack of family strength in this' country to the fact that we are an industrialized society. * * * "IN INDIA," we have an agrarian state. The family works together for a living, and the father remains , a strong figure. We also h a v e arranged marriages. These are not good in themselves, but they are an asset to a good family life ip later years, for parents are sure that the couple will be compatible and come f ro m similar backgrounds. They look into all the things that two in love would overlook.". He . observed however; t h a t Americans as individuals are a carefree and happy people. "There is a tension in family life, but as p'eople, Americans are very friendly. They say hello on the street, are casual, warm and helpful. I admire their a t t i t u d e s towards strangers.-. They open their hearts to a foreigner like myself, and are interested in my culture and my way of life. That is a very good quality." He reported that in his country many women have attained higher places in public life than they 'have in this country. He said that many women of the Brahman caste enjoy a dual role, a subservient one of woman, and yet an equal one of intellect, also. * * * "IN THE Home, and in family matters they are submissive to their husband's demands and are treated a;s women. Yet on the intellectual and political plane, they are equal to the man," Father Cyriac remarked. "That is why India was the first nation to have a woman delegate to the United Nations." * · * THAT IS also why a woman as qualified as that delegate, Madame Vijaya Lakshrni Pandit, was elected president of the eighth general assembly in 1953 and was also'considered for the job of secretary general of the United Nations. In a d d i t i o n to studying European history at De Paul, Father Cyriac is minoring in political science. Because of that minor, he paid particular attention to the Democratic and Republican national conventions "I was very interested in how well your people are informed j on such matters, but that is be! cause of the excellent form of communication you have in this country. The television and radio coverage of the conventions was most remarkable," Father Cyriac declared. · . · HOWEVER excellent our system of reporting political news .is, we are still behind India in voting. According to F a t h e r Cyriac, 85 per cent of the people in India went to the polls in a recent election. "That is probably because we are such a young democracy. Everyone over there takes pride and is happy to vote." ' Father Cyriac concluded that from reading and hearing all of the speeches of the candidates and from examining the platforms of both parties, he would vote for Kennedy If he were an American citizen. "I t h i n k Kennedy and the Democratic party have more of an i n t e r n a t i o n a l view. The Democrats seem to be interested in helping o t h e r nations, not just materialistically but more important, morally. * V * "IF AMERICA wants to be the leader of the Democratic world, it must show its merit. Military m i g h t and economic wealth will not win friends for her. Only high ideals, intellectual s t a b i l i t y , and moral strength will win "the admiration of smaller nations. America was much more admired 30 years ago, when she was at the depths of'a depression, then she is now. In 1930, America was a land of freedom. Colonial peoples everywhere looked up to her as the bulwark of freedom. "If she stands for something good and noble, she will be the leader of the Democratic world. No economic wealth w i l l buy her friends. It is her leaders that will represent the good and noble of this nation. That is why I would vote for the Democrats. They will give moral support to those c o u n t r i e s fighting off Communism and those trying to free themselves from colonization, and surely Mr. Kennedy will have Mr. Stevenson in his cabinet." Father Cyriac remarked that Stevenson was "very well honored in India." "He is a very great statesman. A highminded gentleman, Mr. Stevenson has an appreciation of other nations and other cultures. This is very important in this little world today. No longer can the Western world lead the East around by its nose. We can e x p e c t commercial exchange, but no longer will we have cultural oppression. "Colonization is bad. ^Through Wearing the white cassock of Catholic priests in India, Revs Cyriac Pullapilly of Kerala, India, discusses the similarities between the altar at St. Mel and the one used in India with Rev. John T. McEnroe of St. Mel. Father Cyriac, a Syro-Malabar rite priest, is living, in the St» Mel rectory while he attends De Paul university. it, the West has exploited the more p r i m i t i v e nations of Africa and Southeast Asia. Colonization had one good side effect. It gave incentive to peoples to span oceans, and s it brought cultures together. · » » * "BUT THIS could have happened w i t h o u t colonization. T h e r e was commercial interchange between India and Rome d u r i n g the days of Solomon without corresponding cultural i oppression. "European nations that colonized Africa s t u n t e d the growth of those primitive nations. Without the political domination of the B r i t i s h , Dutch, Belgian and French, the African and Asian nations.' would be much better off today, as would the world," he said. He also remarked t h a t in Southeast Asia the situation as portrayed in the novel, "Ugly American" was exaggerated but true. ' , . (Staff Photo) 9 AT LEGLER CAST FAVORITE BOOK BALLOTS Of the 35 members of Legler library's Summer Reading club, nine have earned a Reading club certificate arid have voted in the Ballot for Books contest. They are Anthony Bowden, Delano school; J u d y Shorter, Tilton school; Catherine Dunn, Loretta Eaker, and Margaret Eaker, Our Lady of Sorrows school; A n n R u t a , Christine Doyle, Vera Rudd, and J u d y Thompson, St. Mel. The club has been meeting Tuesday afternoons in th'e library, 115 S. Pulaski. After a member has read and reported on six books, he is eligible for YOUR COMMUNITY NEWSPAPER ' August 3, 1960 -- Page ISO the certificate and voting. ": At their final meeting, Aug.' 30, club members will see a film entitled "On The Trail of Captain Cook." Zone Board OK's Brack Parking Lot The zoning board has cleared the way for E. J. Brach Sons, 4656 Kinzie, candy manufacturer, to establish an e m p l o y parking lot at 4654-56. Ferdinand. Stephen Powers, vice president, testified the lot is part of the company's plan for a large parking area in the block. I WIN MERCHANDISE CERTIFICATES This week's winners of $20 merchandise certificates are: Garfieldian--R. P. Gephart, 211 N. Kolmar. - Austin News -- Jack Wil- neff, 5512 Van Buren. T w o $20 merchandise certificates are awarded e a c h week to readers of the Gar- fieldian and Austin News. Deadline f o r c l a i m i n g awards is Saturday noon of each week. T o guarantee delivery o f the Garfieldian to your home or place of business, pay your c a r r i e r the low 25 c e n t monthly delivery charge., · , If you do not receive your pa per-Wednesday call NE 82345 by noon Thursday. IF IT'S NEWS OR AN AD CALL NEVADA 8-2345 BURNETTS Infants', Children's and Ladies' Wear 163 N. CICERO AVE. COIumbus 1-9381 Prices Slashed! All Sales Fi S5.95 $6.95 SLEEVELESS DRESSES For Ladies Junior Miss. Sizes 12-20 -- 14 to 22H $388 LADIES COTTON HALF SLIPS, Special. 88* LADIES . 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