•TllK DOMINANT NEWSl'Al'KR OP SPAPKR OF NOnTllKART A^AMOAC. ,K,,,' ™.r, ™. ; : * -T»—•. T T K^/ ARKANSAS AND "SOUTIIKAST MISSOURI VOL. XXXIII—NO. ItW niythevllle Courier lilytheville Dally News itlythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leadc BI.Y'ITIK-VII.LK, AKKAN'SAS, TIIUHSDAY, SKl'TICMIiRK 2<l, 103C a,K COPIKS FIVE CENTS LOYALISTS LOOSE FLOOD TO HALT REBELS Gigantic Parade Climaxes Legion Convention Invesl.galion Reveals No Violations of Law; Flogging Victims Not Heard MARION. Ark.. Sept. 24. (UP)— j The Critlemlcn county grand jury I reported today It had found no cvi- I deuce of peonage aflcr a thorough investigation into sharecropper troubles which have centered In and near the county. Tlie grand jury, making its report us a federal grand jurv began a pcanage investigation at Little Hock., said it had found no evidence of law violation of any kind and announced it welcomed a peonage investigation by any federal agency. ' The jury's report, signed by Foreman E. J. Willie and Secretary Joe Mosby, follows: "There have appeared articles in certain metropolitan newspapers! slating that conditions in Critlen- ' den county are not safe, that crimes have been committed against defenseless visitors to our county, atiL' purported news events have been cast into news reels for exhibition in the movie palaces of the nation; and it lias been charged that humble citizens have been forced to labor by ' threats, intimidations, guns and illegal process. Consequently we have felt it our duty to make an investigation- inlo such alleged law violations and we bsg lo report lhat we have not found any evidence of any violation of the law In any instance. "We have further found that la- torers are being well paid, farm conditions are good and that since 1933 farm labor ha.s received more, . money after the disposal of the annual crop than in -many 'years aiid propaganda to the "contrary is misleading the nation. "We uole in the press that the federal grand jury has been asked io investigate conditions of peonage, etc. As a body we wclcoms such an investigalion and pledge ourselves as a body and as individuals lo assist In any full, fair and impartial investigation that the federal grand jury or any other fcdeftl agency may make." Rirle, scene of tlie floggim several weeks ago of Miss Willfe Sue "lagdcn. Merfljjhls Socialist, and the Rev. Claude Williams. Little Hock, is in Crltteiiden county Foreman White said the reported flogging victims had been "invited lo appear but did not show up" He said the grand jury Inquired into such matters "as were brought before us by Prosecutor Denver Dudley." Miss Blagdcn, who charges siie was flogged near Earlc, de-iied she had received any invitation, to appear before the grand jury or any information about the invcsll<'a- lion. "I would have been glad to have gone over there and testified." she said. Wiln the same firm .step that carried them to victoiy In the World Wai. more than 7U.OOO members 1 of the -American Legion marched ™!f rorT.irT 1 ,, Kl " th ° PanUiC WhlC " Cllm "' L "' " 1C m " nnnunl ™"°»-': H'vcn and a half hours was «- tiiniM.n.,ri. n rT!T! e r' "? S ' ,.^ a "" colorrul fc " turc exhibits lo complete the parade route. Along the line of march hundreds Ihousands of spectators cheered the men who 18 years ago cauie back from "over there." This ylew shows the head of the parade passing Ninth and Euclid, in ihe heart of tlie Cleveland business sectjon. II. S. Jury Hears Testimony LITTLE HOCK, Sept. 24 IUI'1— Krai-ins of testimony was practically completed this afternoon by a federal grand jury investigating charges of peonage practices in the cast Arkansas cotton fields. Federal District Attorney Fred Isgrig said 12 of the 14 witnes-i its obligations scs .summoned to ' the grand jury h testimony before luncheon adjournment and that the jury was expected to begin deliberation upon the evidence late today. The grand jury investigation resulted from repeated charges by sharccro|:;)ers. tenants and day laborers that plantation owners and law-enforcement officers per- mlltod a reign of terror, coercion and unlawful arts. School Directors Authorize President fo Ask for Special Election The board of the lilytlieville special school district last night authorized C. M. Buck, president of the board, to ask County Judge Zal B. Harrison to set a dale for a special election at which a uro- posal to set aside seven mills of the district's general property tax revenue for the servicing of a $227,000 refunding bond issue will be submitted to the voters of the district. Mr. Buck said that he Imped lo obtain the order from the court Saturday of this week and that the election would probably be set for a date late in October. Last night's action was a further step in the debt rcfinMing program undertaken by the board several months ago. designed lo bring the annual cost of servicing the district's debt wjthtn tfic" Available revenues. The district's bonds ara now In default but if the refunding program can be completed its revenues will be sufficient to meet Birmingham Man Found Badly Beaten in Ditch -CLANTON,. Ala., Sept.- 24. (UP) —Josephs. Geld era of Blrmingiiiim, southern representative of the National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, was found In a ditch near here today, severely beaten. adders U>ld state highway patrolmen his wounds were Inflicted I | by three men who abducted him in Birmingham yesterday. I Farmers Invited to Electrification Meetings Here and at Osceola L. J. Powell, field representative «t « vl jvui of the Rural Electrification Admin- | stale supreme court. Petitions for Vote on Tax Limitation Proposal Insufficient LITTLE ROCK. — Secretary of State Ed P. McDonald ruled the N.vberg lax-limitation amendment off Ihe November general elec- , tlon ballot late yesterday, j He upheld a protest filed by i Attorney Guy Amslcr of Little j Rock, against sufficiency of the petition for submission of the proposal. :t would prevent the Legislature from enacting tax hills without popular vote. Representative Leo Nyberg of Phillips County, sponsor of the plan, said it may be several days before a definite decision is reached, as to whether McDonald's action will be istration. Washington, D. C., aled to the "1 will await receipt of McDon- , ,. .. u .....5i wll , u, x ^,, nlll 1 » "ill llntllv IL^lrlpL Ul 1MC1.AJI1- visit Mississippi county Saturday to; "id's letter and then will confer discuss the federal pow : er pro^'rar "'' Ml '-""t^— *-, ,...., leaders among the group at two mass meetings. He will ap- which supported the amendment pear at the court house in Ulythe- during the time Ihc petitions were villc at 10 o'clock A.M. and at being circulated o'clock P.M. Britain Reconciled to Devaluation of Franc LONDON, Sept. 24. (UP)—Great Britain has intimated to. France that, she is reconciled to devaluation of Hie franc, a move which usually reliable quarters expect cither this week or next. I Is Purchasing P o w e r, However, Has Been Falling Since 1933, Flynn l-'Isli out tliut dollar bill which you tlurk away In a sock durliitr (lit: <U-ptti of (ho depression, unit e.vamhw II rlosrly . . . Has It i In link hi sl»e? . . . Will It liny, ttiihiy, tin; same amount of g<Hids that it would Imve bouKhl hi 1M2? . . .In ulhiT wools, is It railing more lo live now ihiin It dhl u few years a«uY , . . John T. Klynn, nationally known wrlt- tr on iTonomlo topli'.s-, lliMircs out for ymi the rost iif living, (u thrc« vllally Interesting iirtute. Ilrrc N I ho llrst. Ity JOHN T. FLYNN NEW YORK:—Four years ago business men were clamoring because prices were going down. Now their customers are clamoring because prices are going up, After Ihe war. the expression 'high cost of living" became famous. Now housewives are raising It again, is the cost of living getting higher? And how high? And why? There Is no dcnbt that wages have uecn going up for a lot of people, nut for others they have remained stationary. But have they really been going up? And what lias been happening lo the salaries that have remained sla- liomiry? Of course the greatest Illusion Li that wages or salaries ever remain stationary. You might get a hundred dollars a- month for twenty years, but Just the same your salary would be subject to constant fluctuation. Because a hundred Angry Grocers Protest Against New Sales Taxes NEW ORLUANH, Sept, 2-1. (Ui'l —1'lve hundred nngry grocers descended on Ihe clly hall todav la protest the slats and city sales taxes which go Inlo clfecl Oct. u. Thu grocers advocated a one per cent general sales lax inslsml of the two per cent state nml two per cent city taxes on certain comumdltie.s. They booed and heckled n committee of their own number that conferred with Alfred Uamlger, the mayor's attorney, but agreed to I postpone n march on Itic slate cap- Kol until they have received an answer from the commission's coun- i'repare (o Protect American Lives in Shanghai if Trouble Breaks before making 24 .._ on what eventuality SHANGHAI, CSilna, Friday, Sept 25. (Ul')-Unltcd Stales marines stood by in the international settlement today, ready for Immediate action in event the Chinese-Japanese tension endangers American lives and property in the foreign area of Shanghai. The Fourth marines, some 1,200 men and officers slrong, have been confined fo barracks during the last at the same ! Sep Dec Chicago Wheat open high i ow dose 117 1-8 118 7-8 116 3-4 118 3-4 110 1-8 117 3-4 115 3-5 117 Chicago Corn Sep 111 113 1-4 110 3-4 113 Dec. 94 1-2 95 3-8 94 1-2 95 1-4 Livestock ....„ „ 0 = appear beforel time provide for carrying on the' lad completed j schools. A majority of the bontl- ' '•"— ~' holders have already signified their acceptance of the proposal, which calk for exchange of bonds now outstanding for new bonds of equal fade value ibut carrying .1'(ghtly lower rales of interest and with maturities spread over a longer period of yea re. The seven mill lax to bs submitted to the voters will not be an (increase in the school lax rate but will merely set aside seven mills of the regular 18-mlll school lax for payment of bond interest and principal maturities. Tlie school board last night also adopted a resolution asking the city council of BIytheville to enact an ordinance forbidding the licensing of the sale of beer, wine or other alcoholic beverages within 400 feet of a. public school building. The vote was unanimous. | course of action we shall take," Elbert E. Karnes, extension agri- j inserted Nyberg. cultural engineer, will accompany ! "The action of the secretary of Mr. Powell to this county. Whcth- ' state in declaring the petitions cr Mississippi county will partld- pate in the rural electrification program will depend UIKIII the interest shown at these meetings Saturday. The county agricultural agents. Joe E. Walker of Osceola and J. O. Fullerlon of Blythcyille, and the home demonstration agent. Miss Cora Lcc Colenian of BIytheville, are notifying all farmers and their families of these meetings. from th any fatal EAST ST. LOUIS. III. Sept. 24 (UP)—HOBS: receipts 5000 Top 10,25 I70-24D Ibs 10.00-10.15 HO-ICO Ibs 7.50-9.85 Uulk sows 8,25-8.75 Cattle: reccinis 3,000 Steers G.25-9.50 Slaughter steers 5.25-10.55 Mixed yearlings and heifers C.Ofl-S.fC Slaughter hplfcrs 4.50-0.75 ' TJeef cons 4.25-5.00 Cutters and low cutters 3.00-3.75 MEMPHIS, Sept. 24. (UP)—The Memphis Power and Light company Is planning a $1,500,000 rural electrification program in Shelby county, the Memphis Press-Scimitar said it had learned today from sources usually reliable. The i throughout the county would shut NEW ORLEANS. Sept. 24 (UP) out a great market from the city closed Irregular with, which contemplates erecting a mil New Orleans Cotton insufficient clearly places the burden of the next slep upon the sponsors of the amendment. "Unfortunately we have no funds Immediately available with which to employ counsel and pay court costs. It would cost a great deal of motley lo fight such a case through the supreme court. It may be several days before anything certain will be decided upon." McDonald's ruling followed _ D] shortly advice from Attorney Gcn- -.-, Lompany rlanS cral Carl E. Bailey lhat the con- Rnral FWrnr Prnffram ! stllmio " » l! >ccd upon Ihc secretary IMirai tieClHC rrogram of stt , te responsibility for deciding sufficiency of petitions for proposed amendments and initiated newspaper said the com plan lo erect rural lines near months showing two point gains and distant months ofl two to six points lodav. open high Oct. Dec. Jan. Mar. May July 1173 1182 1181 1180 1176 11C4 1186 1188 1187 1187 1183 1170 low close 1177 1182 1180 1181 1181 1177 1174 1161 Spols closed rjuiet at 1220, up 5. nicipal plant. nlclpal powtr plant lo distribute Tennessee Valley Authority power to Shelby county as well as Memphis. Tlie paper said there was no danger the utility may block TVA entrance Into the clly, .which has signed i 20-year contract for TVA — power and recently borrowed $300,- 11CO (WO to begin construction of a mu- ll 80b 1177 1174 New York Cotton 'NEW YORK, Sept. 24. (UP)— Cotton closed steady. open high low close Oct. Dec. Jan. Mar. May July 1182 1185 1186 1185 1182 11G9 1188 1192 1191 1190 1187 117G 1181 1181 1182 1180 1178 1165 1184 1181 1184 1180 1178 1168 Spots closed steady' at 1224, unchanged. Spot Average, Is 11.98 Tlie overage price of 7-8 incl middling cotlon on Ihe 10 spot markets today was 11.98, the Bly- Ihevllle ISwrd of Trade reports. shooting of a Japanese sailor Wednesday uighl. British troops likewise prepared for the defense of their nationals If they are endangered. Lt. Com. Okino, assistant Japanese naval allache, told the United Press that the Japanese naval authorities were "firm in our resolution to take all necessary steps In this sltuallon " Priffst / riCt.X DEITIES H Victory This Afternoon Clinches National League 1 , Title for New Yorkers liOSTON, Sept. 24 (U'l'l—The New York Giants clinched the Nnltotial League pennant today by winning thu first game of i double' header from the Hostoi Bees. The score wus '1 lo In ten innings. 'I he victory climaxed a remarkable cciueback which stalled li P.Usuurgh on July 15. Aftei ,., ,_ losing the first game of a double terms, bender and drooping below the fiOO mark in Irjiyue standings for-the first time during (be season the Giants won the second gome to start n drive which carried them from fifth place lo the league lend on August 25. To iral Schumacher went tins honor of pitching the- victory In lie yielded Hie deciding game, cnly seven hlls in, games of sen, thereby wl pitching of the one sea- a starting *«tvvuilLlujl. mj^uusc II nUIHlrCd ">". tjltlliuj filming .11 QUIIUII^ dollars InVsiilary means only E0 1 assignment for* one <of- IherWorld much n s it will buy. Suppose you I Series games opening noxtl \Vod- wcre getting a hundred dollars a' month in 1923. You could have bought a definite amount of goods with It. But by 1325 prices had risen, what you could buy for $10D then would be no more than you could have bought for $97 in 1923. Your salary had actually shrunk to $37 in 1925. By 1923 It would bo $100 again. By 1931 U would be $114; $128 in 1932 and $140 ill 1933. So when you join the line-up in front of the cashier's window on Pay Day. the check that Is handc:! out lo you may look to be the-same as that of the previous week— though actually you may have had either a "raise" or a "cut" without 1'riccs Have Been Kk'mg Since 1933 This Is what has been happening now. Prices hit their low point in March, 1933. They have been ri.sin» haltingly ever since. And as they have risen the purchasing power of the dollar has of course declined. When we speak of prices, we mean the prices of a great multitude of things, not just the prices or meat or sugar. The cost of living is made up of many items. But the chief Hems In It are food, clothing, housing, heat and light and a miscellaneous collection of things which most people buy. Here 1 have adopted estimates of prices including averages of a large number of articles in each group. Tak- , ""' ing these prices of the things which ,.,° H f ™ usually go into the cost of living, we can see what has happened to our dollar. SI5 Wage Is Worth Uut $12.90 Compared With 19.12 Let us suppose our dollar was worth a. full dollar In purchasing power in 1929. In 1930 prices began to go down. Then we could buy more with each dollar. Hy Sep- EXHIBIT. WLL XT -ainicli -.Vigorous Attack As Water Cuts Off. Escape of Foes ',*, MADRID, Sept. 24 IUP)—The Madrid government turned: ; - bs'ck the rebel advance west of Toledo today by a mass attack aflci opening the flood gates of the great Albcrche river dam, which sent a torrent of water sweeping over reb- cl' troops. Millions of gallons of water raced, down the Albcrche valley yesterday and today, cutting oft" the" retreat , of the rebels to tlw west and carrying away rebel troops, ammunition, guns and supplies. ' Today the government, forces attacked from tinco direction 1 ;— from Nnvalpcral. north of the river, from Simla Crun de Retanmr. soiitli of II. anil northwestward from Toledo: Gavernment Jubilant The left wing government was Jubilant over the coup News of It was known In the conltal after the llr.tt opening of the flood gales yesterday but was kept from thft outside world bj the censor UnlteJ I'rcss correspondents who tried-to get the news out could only hint at It In the most obscure, veiled Tlie dam, holding back a vast reservoir of water, Is 15 miles long, situated at El Tteinuo. west of Madrid, and controlling the hcadv, liters of ttie Alberche river. The lat- ler flows from the west toward May (hid and then turns abruptlysoutri- wcsl to Join the Tugns near Talavera. ' The .flood waters spiead west of the rebel positions, cutting off their troops at Talavcra and Santa Olat- la from the rear. Word in the capital was llmt the rebel lo.ises weie heavy both from the Hood and the attack of the leftist troops. Prepare To Bomb Bilbao mUN, Spain, Sept. 24 IUP)— Twelve rebel airplanes arrived today to take pnrt . In the bombardment of Bilbao tomorrow,if that city does not surrender. Icmbe The 1930, it j simple worth $104. NEW YORK. Sept. 24 (UP) — Tlie stock market climbed slowly after an uncertain start today to finish Irregularly higher in light trading. Automobile shares featured In the advance. A. T. and T 174 1-2 Anaconda Copper 39 5-8 Beth, steel 69 1-2 Chrysler 119 Cities Service -t Coca Cola 122 Gen. Am. Tank 58 1-4 Gen. Electric 451-2 Gen. Motors 691-2 Int. Han-ester 813-4 McKcsson-Robblns 97-8 Montgomery Ward 50 N. Y. .Central 45 7. Packard 12 3-, Phillips Pet ! 42 5-! Radio , 10 St. Simmons Beds Standard of N. J. Texas Co U. s. Smelling 2 39 62 37 86 value of iTie dollar In purchasing 1029, $1.00; 1930. $1.04; 1931. SI.IB; 1932. $1.30; 1933, $1.27; 1934, $1.23' 1935, $1.20; 1936, $1.16. Thus the value of the dollar was going up from 1929 to 1932. H has been declining ever -since. It Is now- worth 14 cents less than In 1932. Tents Are Going Up to House Negro Displays, Livestock and Poultry The main exhibition hall at the county fairgrounds Is mnv ready for next, week's big exposition and some commercial exhibitors arc already at work on their booths. The big building will house almost all exhibits except poullry, livestock and negro displays, which will be shown hi tents, no«v being erected on the fairgrounds. Prom now until the opening of the fair next Tuesday It will bo a busy place as community and 4-11 clubs and individuals prepare their exhibits. Competition is Keen Competition among community exhibits, always an important feature of the Mississippi County Fair, promises to be exceptionally keen this year. Elaborate and comprehensive displays of the products of farm, garden, kilchcn and sew- many of them asscm- ... the winning exhibits at community fairs, have been prepared by community groups. The number of communities which will have booths was increased to 15 today with the announcement that Armorel would have an exhibit. Changes in Moral Contest Because wcatr.--r conditions have made some flowers late, several changes have been made In the lioral contest, it has been ^'inoun''- cd by tlie committee in charge. Another Steele Child ^ Afflicted With Paralysis STEELE, Mo.—Jean McClure;.-3i year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John McClure, underwent an examination In a hospital at Mcmv, phis the first.of this week mid it" was found that she had Infantile" paralysis, being affected in the left- leg. Her leg was placed In a brace which she will have to wear for 4 three years. The physician :at Memphis said he bffii'evcd she would completely recover. Jerry Hamra, 6, Orady Evans, '-5; and a Illlle five-year-old daughter/ of ivrr. and Mrs. Frank Bishop, who' have all had the disease, arc improving and all arc out of ctan»er except the Evans child. Extension of Rural Power Lines Approved OSCEOLA, Ark.— An Immediate, start will be made on the construction of four rural lines of the extensions to Osceola Power. and Light company, Supt. A. Baker said today following authorization of the extensions by the slate utilities commission at Little Rock. The ready Osceola light serves rural plant air communities with 26 miles of line and the ex- lensions will bring the total to 30. One of the new lines, 2',4 Put It this . „ _._ hired at $15 a week In 'l932, and way. If U. S. Steel 71 1-4 Warner Bros 133-8 Zonite : arc still gelling $15 a week, your actual salary compared with 1932 would be $12.90 now. Of course. It Is proper lo remind you that wages of most people have risen m actual dollars since 1933 and there arc a good many people who were getting no dollars then who are working now. But this Is not the iwint we arc considering. We are looking now merely at tlie cost of living and the value of the dollar. Dollar Compared With Purchasing Vowcr Now for clearness let us look at this in another way. Let us look at mere prices. Let us suppose that the prices of a great multitude (Continued On Page 2 miles long, will extend electric service further west on the Luxora-Litlle River road. The other andU,ccut;f,owcrswmSe-ent,red S ""M" ^^ "<* and judged Wednesday morning at I 10:30 o'rlnrlr 10:30 o'clock. First prizes will be one each, with one exception, and second prizes will be 50 cents except in three contests. Comiwtent persons have been obtained for the judging. Prizes will be awarded for the best arrangement winter bouquet, largest fern, best rose, best rose I dollar Jim Dowdy Paroled from Missouri Prison JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. — Jim Dowdy, sentenced from Pernlscot county last October to two years imprisonment for burglary, was one of 14 first-term inmates display, best arrangement wild ° r lne Missouri state penitentiary flowers, best bowl mixed flowers. I P arol «i yesterday by Governor best centerpiece arrangement, bestj 011 ^ I>Ar ' c display marigolds, best display dah- „„, . _ lias, largest dahlias, best display WEATHER zinnias, best window garden. Infantile Paralysis Causes Memphis Death MEMPHIS, Sept. 24 (UP) — Frank Stein, 50, died here early today, Memphis' fifth death from Infantile paralysis. Ten cases of Infantile paraly- . sis are being treated at Isolation hospital. Arkansas—Parr, cooler tonight. Friday fair, warmer in northwest I portion. Memphis and vicinity—Pair and cooler tonight, Friday fair, warmer by Saturday. . .' •. The maximum temperature hero yesterday was 82, minimum 70, cloudy with .72 of an Inch rainfall, according lo Samuel ,'p." Norrls, official weather observer.
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