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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts • 9

North Adams, Massachusetts
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NTNB THE NORTH ADAMS TRANSCRIPT. SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1988. JOE PALOOKA Important Thing To Do Over Path ways of the Past Familiar Features of Our Valley How They OriginatedWhat Happened Along the Way. KERENSKY VISITS BERKSHIRE HOME Was Head of "White Russian" Government B. Browne being under any obligations for settling and supporting a minister, the two proprietors in 1770 voluntarily accepted the obligation and deeded to the Baptist church a quarter of 200 -acre lot No.

4 on the south slope of Stafford hill aa a Glebe or church farm for the use and support of the minister. In 1779 Bennet deeded for a cemetery 180 rods of land from his own farm in a corner of which the meeting bouse was then standing. Schools seem to have been established after 1780, in convenient locations. Many Old Homes Preserved Cheshire has been fortunate in the preservation of so many of its old houses, and a study of their architecture is interesting. Many have features typical of Rhode Island houses, one such feature being the covered outside entrance to the cellar, which was universal in most of them when built and still survives in several of them.

It will be intrest-lng to take the main highways of New Providence and trace the development of the lots through which show where once were busy homes. In the section of this road in old Lanesboro there are a till boms' steads. The greater part of New ProvK den ce and the scene of its largest was east of the river and along the old highway early known as the Middle road to Ticonderoga, which starts In Northampton and at Windsor hill turned northward, running -directly over the top of. Stafford hill and through Orchard' street into present Adams. On SUN ford's plan a system of highways is plotted in what he considered would be the most convenient places.

Today only a few short Sections of any of these plotted roads are in use. All were roughly graded and all of them are visible as they cross through the pastures, but most of them proved ill-suited to their location. Old Roads To Be Seen In all parts of Cheshire there are to be seen evidences of ancient roads which were abandoned for more convenient courses. One section of a Stafford road leading from the me SO L0H6. HOPE If SVS THERE'S V- YOU ENJOY 1 THAHK'YQUSE A RECRUITIN' JOVR'iTr AN' GOOD OFFICE HERE IN AH M-rn.

LUCK VYOUSE.) HARSEILL6S.HE HOPS sJL rFS PiNT SUSPECT US) (NOT ZfPfJuTOm rM IMPORTiNT HAVE FUN FO' CV WEAK ARE ON EARTH SEZ A COUPLE (fdJ ILL. YA Jr they pass. The old Pontoosuck, pam passed through New Providence and was the road by which all the settlers came. It is the main state road through Cheshire village nearly to the harbor, but avoided that deep ravine by swinging toward the west and entered Adams at the David Anthony farm as the West road. We will begin there and trace this road southward as far as Cheshire village.

The lot adjoining the town line No. 24 is the northwest corner of New Providence. In 1772 it was deeded to Brooks Mason, who in 1780 sold it to Jeremiah Green, from whom it went in 1783 to Oliver Franklin. The' Franklin house still remains, a small structure near Basse tt brook. Oliver Franklin was a member of the Franklin family from which President Coolldge descends.

The north half of adjoining lot 30 was sold to Stephen Carpenter in 1769 together with part of the lot on the west, where Carpenter built his home, still standing. West of the Pontoosuck path and along the foot of the mountain there was a town road, which branched ov near Franklin's house and ended opposite the main cemetery in Cheshire village. This road was known as Pork Lane, in 1794 there were five houses on this road, within New Providence. Colleges Built The south half of No. 30 was sold to Lewis Walker and in 1785 came into possession of Israel Cole in whose Iamijy it remained for many- COMMUNICATIONS By William An Error Corrected; An Omission Supplied Editor's Note In the last instalment of this series, published on March 5, the statemen that William Bullock and others, being "neither grantees nor heirs" of Capt.

Samuel Gallop's company, should have read "being either grantees or heirs" etc. as Mr. Browne wrote it which ex-plains why Bullock and his associates applied for, and were granted, the transfer of a township that had been granted to Gallop In New Hampshire. In the same instalment, a page of Mr. Browne's manuscript throwing an interesting light on the origin of the name "New State" was inadvertently omitted, and is published herewith.

How New State Got Its Name In 1810 Joseph Smith, who claimed to be a Baptist minister, organized a church in the northwest part of Savoy and having a mystical view of earthly things awakened the neighbors into a wild sort of excitement wherein they saw visions, and spoke in unknown tongues something on the line of Shakerism. The Shakers, hearing of it, sent a mission to try and secure these people for their faith after Smith had departed. Smith left his followers in what he called a "New State" and this name has been given to that region. Mr. Smith left under unfortunate circumstances, a prior Mrs.

Smith having appeared to dispute the title of the one then bearing that name. In 1815 the Shakers built a grist and saw mill and attempted to found a colony but failed. Another version of the origin of the name New State is that a dissatisfied settler decided he would remove to another state and after wandering around a long time reached this region which he thought was in a "new state" and gave it that name. The Baptist Church in Savoy was formed in 1806 under the pastoral care of Elder Nathan Haskins. Rev.

Haskins then received almost 400 acres which had been set aside for the minister. In 1804 the first meeting house was built probably on the hill across from its present position, but in 1848 was located where it now is. Nathan Haskins occupied Lot 162 which was one of the four lots set off to him. The farm is now owned by Mr. Whitkop in the Brier District.

About 1830 the Adventists commenced having meetings under the guidance of William Miller. The Methodist Church at the Hollow built in 1835 has now been torn down. Cheshire A history of the town of Cheshire was published in 1885 by Mrs. Ray-nor and Mrs. Petitclerc, written in a particularly fine way by persons who knew and felt the atmosphere of the township, and were able to write understanding and, sympathetically about the townspeople.

It did not however pretend to be the complete story, and indeed a great deal of new material has come to light since that time, and a second book, amplifying the work of Mrs. Raynor and Mrs. Petitclerc, is much needed. A complete, and detailed history of this town would make a large book, and it certainly would be one of the most interesting and entertaining town histories ever published. In these short sketches, no attempt will be made to relate many stories already well known.

We will make a study of the locations of the pioneer homes and briefly mention the more important incidents connected with them, placing more emphasis on new material, and the correction of some misunderstood facts. Much Material Available Fortunately we have abundant first hand material to work from and are not dependent upon tradition or hearsay. Some of the original sources which have not been thoroughly explored are the records of the General Court at Boston, the very complete records of the old Stafford Hill church, which are of greatest importance because of the correspondence which has been preserved, and which is notecontained in the official church records. To make a complete picture one has to study the story of the four distinct areas which make up the present township, which story is contained in records of these areas when parts of other towns. The registry of deeds is another vast field for research needing study.

So many distinct and individual happenings occurred in the town, that the study of any one of them is a large field. From such a large amount of ma- terial in incomplete as it is, it is difficult to select what should be used in a short review. Many Interesting Events It is seldom that a town has seen so many curious and interesting events as has Cheshire. Most of them result from the distinctive personalities which have lived there. In its settlement, in the founding of its churches, in the starting of industries, in the great individuality of its peoples, it is remarkable.

Episode after episode has occurred there, any one of which would make a scene of intense interest in a historical pageant. The whole town seems to have been pervaded with strong distinct individuality, entirely different from its neighboring sister towns. To mention only a few of these curious and interesting events we could include the settlement and abandonment of Si-afford hill the march of the Silver Greys to Bennington the moving of the old church up the bill the attack on Mother Ann Lee and the Shakers the sending of the big cheese to Jefferson the similar tribute to Jackson the visit of the troopers of 1812 the many episodes dealing with the picturesque life of Elder Leland the removal of the founder of the town to join the Shakers and endless stories dealing with the doings of queer odd characters. The same spirit appears in the peculiar place names of various parts of the town. Names so peculiar that their origin is something of a mystery.

Fascinating Indeed is the story of this town. Impress ti Pioneer Spirit The impress of the pioneer spirit of the Rhode Island settlers is the root on many of these episodes. This state which prided itself upon being the harbor for peoples of til kinds of beliefs and opinions, naturally developed strong individualities. Many of the Cheshire' settlers were descendants of Roger Williams himself, and the ancestors of all of them had been Involved in the turbulent history of Rhode Island in its early days. Very naturally the town of Cheshire became the scene of unusual happenings and the home of strong Independent characters.

To begin with, this town was not incorporated to supersede a period of settlement by a company of proprietors, as were so many others. It was carved out of four other towns, and in 1733 incorporated as a new township. We have mentioned that towns always become units convenient for a body of voters within a natural valley. Before 1793 we find that the northeast part of Lanes-boro, cut off from the town center by a range of hills, was occupied by people who were separated from the rest of the township. In" the same way the people in northwest Windsor, which cornef and the Lanes-boro corner adjoined on the side of Mount Amos, were obliged to travel many miles to the top of Windsor hill to vote, always at a time of the year when the roads were the worst.

Then there was the southeast corner of New Ashford occupied by a score of families, cut oft from the center of their town by a high mountain ridge. Finally there was the tract known aa New Providence, which adjoined the Adams south line, which had in 1780 been annexed to the town of Adams, and thereafter its voters had to travel at least to present Adams center, and often as far as North Adams, to vote. Loud protests resulted from all four of these localities, all being in the natural valley of the Hoosic river. New Township Made As a result of a new township was made, and the four disturbed sections united into one township. To accomplish this result as equitably as possible and to take in as many as possible of those farms which needed accommodation, the bounds follow the lot line in a zig-zag manner along the higher thus producing a series of courses so irregular as to make 25 or more corners.

Until four corners were rounded off some time ago, it was the most Irregular town in the county. Lenox now claims that honor, but to do so has to count in several jogs in the bank of a river. It has been said that the line which divided Lanesboro was drawn to separate the religious elements of the town. But it is quite evident that the line was drawn to follow the summit of the ridge. It did, however, make the religious division because the ridge happened to separate communities differing in their religion.

In the final adjustment of the bounds of Cheshire we find that it took in a body of people very generally Baptist and in 1793 almost wholly from Rhode Island. The Story of New Providence Each of the four sections of the townr-having had its own history prior to Incorporation in the new township, it will be necessary to discuss each section separately and we will begin with New Providence. This large tract comprised most of present Cheshire north of the village. Its south line was part of the longest survey line in this region, being the north line of Lanesboro and Windsor as first laid out. These towns originally cornered on the south side of Mount Amos, a point now well within the boundaries of present Cheshire.

Between them and the south line of Adams or East Hoosuck was an unappropriated area about two miles in width and four miles in length, reaching from New Ashford to Savoy, which became the plantation of New Providence. This unappropriated land comprised 4,660 acres. In 1762, 1,162 acres of this land was granted to "the town of Hatfield to make up a shortage in the area of that town. The remainder was a part of a grant i made to Aaron Willard and associates in 1765 to make up a deficiency in lands which they had suffered. About half of their grant was in the present town of Savoy along the Windsor line.

In 1765 the Hatfield grant was sold to Nicholas Cooke of Providence and Joseph Bennet of Coventry, Rhode Island, and in 1766 these two men bought the Willard grant section. The combined area of 4,660 acres was surveyed by Joab Stafford and divided into 31 settling lots of various sizes. Lots Are Sold Off In the year 1766 Cook and Bennet disposed of 17 of these lots to pioneers who were mostly a group from the Baptist church of Coventry, headed by their old pastor, Elder Peter Werden. In 1766 Cook and Bennet divided the remaining lots between themselves and before 1770 had sold most of them. The old Hatfield grant was divided into halves.

Cook retaining the south half and Bennet the north. The river runs almost through the center of these tracts. On the plateau above the river, on a site commanding a view of the valley from Stamford to Pittsfleld, Bennet built his house, still standing and the oldest house in town. Cooke did not settle here. At first the settlers were unable to vote anywhere, and in J777 applied to the town of Gageboro for admission to, their town.

Gageboro was willing if the township might be called Cheshire. The legislature, however, changed the name of Gageboro to Windsor and still left New Providence (which- was the name given to Staff ords survey) unchanged. Then in 1779 they again petitioned for a new township to be formed by a corner of Windsor, the south part of East Hoosuck and New Providence which would take the name of Providence. Settlement Joined To Adams This was not granted, a committee was then sent to investigate conditions which advised that New Providence bcrome a part of Adams if both communities were willing. In spite cf a negative vote in Adams, it was decreed in 1780 that New Providence should be annexed to Adams, and it so remained until present Cheshire was formed in 1793, In the town records of Adams between these dates we find the New Providence people held many Im-i portant town offices.

The owners not SPEAKS IN LENOX Statesman Overthrown by Red Revolution Doubts European War Start Within a Year. Alexander F. Kerensky, who for a time beaded the government of "Whit Russia" after the fall of the czarUt regime and before the Bolshevist revolution, left Lenox yesterday after a brief visit to Berkshire county. He arrived on Thursday and addressed a group at a private home in Lenox on Thursday night. Mr.

Kerensky spoke on the conditions exiting in Europe today and said he did not expect a war in Europe for at least a year aa Hitler will be too busy in the effort to organize and stabilize his enormous empire to invite war by further aggression. Born at Simbirsk in 1881, Mr. Kcr-ensky studied at the University of St. Petersburg, where he took up law, later joining the St. Petersburg bar.

In the first provisional government following the February, 1917, revolution, he as made minister of justice. He was made minister of war In May, and July succeeded Prince Lvov as premier of the second provisional government. He held the office until the outbicak of the Bolshevik revolution. HOLLYWOOD WOMAN FOUND NOT GUILTY Discharged in Driving Case Following Accident Marsha A. Kay of Hollywood, formerly of this city, brought into court on a charge of dangerous driving, was found not guilty by Judge C.

T. Phelps and ordered discharged. Armand Guilbeaulty, a taxi driver employed by Peter Horn, testified that he was driving east on River street at about 7 o'clock last evening and that when he made a turn to the left into North Holden street, she, apparently trying to pass him, ran into the left rear fender of his taxi. He said that after the accident Mrs. Kay accused him of not signalling that he was turning to the left.

4 "Did you signal?" asked Judge C. T. Phelps. "No," replied, the commonwealth witness. Asked the speed of Mrs.

Kay's car Guilbeault estimated it at about 25 miles an hour. He told jChiefof Police M. W. Conlon, who prosecuted that he put on his brake before turning and that his rear signal light was working. Mrs.

Kay told the court that the taxi driver did not put out his hand in a left turn signal and admitted that she did not notice the brake light on his car. She told Judge Phelps that she had driven a number of times from California to this city and back and that she had always understood that a driver intending to make a turn was supposed to make a signal to this effect. No Doubt About Tl During 83 years, i 1 1-ions of people have used Father ohn'a Medicine for I a and Body Build ingStrongest Dossible proof of merit it must be good. PROPOS ALS Sealed proposals covering the following season's supply of the following material will be received by the Commissioner of Public Works, City Hail. North Adams, Massachusetts unit! 10 A.

March 38, 1938 and cX that place and time publicly opened and read. V. C. sewer pipe and fittings 4 in. to 18 and 3 foot lengths to conform to A.

S. T. M. specifications 13-35, approximately 6.000 feet. Water pine, B.

S. Class or 250 A. W. W. A.

Standard of i the following types: Cast Iron DeLavaud centrifugally cast' or Sand Spun and Transite pipe, site 6 approximately 4.000 feet Prices on fittings for the above types are also solicited. Cement approximately 1,000 barrels to be delivered wherever projects are In progress within City limits. Each proposal should be enclosed in a sealed envelope, plainly marked what it covers and accompanied by a certified check as follows: proposals for V. C. pipe $200.00.

Water pipe $400.00, Cement $100.00, made payable the City Treasurer. The above checks will serve as a guarantee that any contract entered into will be fslthful'y performed. Checks of successful bidders will be retained until such time as contracts are fulfilled. The right Is reserved reject, any or all proposals or to accept any proposal deemed most advantageous for the City of North Adams. EOLUS R.

DOBLE, Commissioner of Public Works March 19-21, 1938. i lit 1 ft morial tower down the west side of the hill was used as long as the church stood on the hllL The entrance to the memorial is a part of this road, as laid down by him. We will begin at the Adams line on Orchard street and follow the old Ticonderoga road over Stafford hill. The first lot on Adams line was No. 7.

a 237 acre lot which reached half wav ud Stafford hill where it ad- Joined the Glebe lands. The road up the hill is its east line. The first' owner of this lot, Nathaniel Jacobs of Providence, did not settle here and sold it in 1770 to Jeremiah Smith of Killlngly. who in 1794 sold all the land west of Orchard street and the Hill road to Jesse Jenks, of Smithfleld, R. this farmT adjoining that of his brother Edmund on the Adams line.

The 72 anrps n.ct. nf the rnoH wn mM In Jeremiah Brown of Smithfleld, whose son, Allen, afterward lived there. The old Brown house, per-" haps originally Smith's, and a very ancient house, is now occupied by Mr. Baillot. The location of the Jesse Jenks house is not definitely known.

It rxrhans stood wher Mr. Choquette now lives. Jesse Jenks Is said to have brought his money from Rhode Island concealed in bags of oats. His son, Jesse, and many of the Jenks family continued to live in this region for many years. The road from the Hook to the old Wells farm did not exist in early days.

Lot No. 8, a 257 acre lot, ad-Joined No. 7 on the east. The Buck-Iln road runs through it as well as the present Savoy and River roads. The north end of this lot on the Adams line was settled in 1771 by Jonathan Richardson, who founded the family so well represented later on in Adams, North Adams, and Cheshire, the south part of the lot was bought in 1767 by John Lippett.

More Old Families Both the original Richardson and Lippett houses stand on the Bucklin road. Nathan Sayles married Harty Lippett and continued to live in the Lippett house, a large square structure, now considerably changed. Mehitable, a sister of Harty married Simeon Potter and died at the age of 101. None of the name Lippett now live here, but many descendants' of other names live in Adams and! Cheshire. In 1789 Richardson sold the west side of his farm to his son Nehemiah.

In 1772 the southeast corner of Lot 8 was sold to Edward Carpenter and in 1779 it was sold to Elder Peter Werden and cdprris-ed about 50 acres. Diagonally across the Stafford Hill road was the Glebe of Church farm, being the northeast quarter of Lot No. 4. Elder Peter Werden, while living there, "improved" the ministerial farm, the use of which he was given for his services. There was no house on the Glebe farm until 1821.

Elder Werdcn's horrje farm bordered on one of Stafford's old roads, now long abandoned, but easily seen on the slope of Stafford hill, running eastward. The site of Werden's house Js not known but undoubtedly stood beside this old road which was his south line. The Elder and his sons spent much time pulling stumps and clearing the ministerial land, and did so much that in 1794 they made a modest claim for their work which had added so much to the value of the farm. The Elder was finally awarded 100 pounds, with a reduction of 18 pounds because some of the work of felling trees had been accomplished by a tiacr weraen Ke warded Elder Werden and his son Peter had to accompany a committee to the lot and show what they had done there. Many in the church thought that Werden's added profits from the lot should repay him sufficiently but the Elder "after opening the conference with prayer to Almighty vjuu miaeriooK miorm ineir minds of their mistaken Very fortunately we have a survey of Cheshire dated 1794 which shows every road and the position of every house at that time.

The present road follows the lot lines as far as the ministerial house and then swings eastward through lot 5 which was the home farm of Col. Stafford. The rest of Lot 4 was owned by Samuel Low whose house was on the lower road. Lot 5 was also a 200-acre lot and was sold to Stafford in 1766. Most of the pioneers built temporary homes before bringing their families.

It is related that Mrs. Stafford had expressed her preference for a home on this spot, belore she knew it was a reality. Their house stood ori the extreme south end of the farm, near the east side of the main road in line with the memorial. The house long ago gone, but the depression and outline of the house is clearly seen, and In the walls near by are many brick and marble fragments of fireplaces. The lucsciii, iiHinnuui, nouse nas oecn called by some as the location of.

me otanora nouse, out Stafford never owned that farm. In our next we will consider the' settlement of Stafford hill village and its gradual disappearance. CLASSIFIED ADS' BRING RESULTS. WHY NOT TRY ONE? Removal Notice Louis SanSoucie, Furl-eral Director, removed from 73 Holden St, to SanSoucie Funeral Home, 58 Quincy St. Tel.

961-W. CHEAPER FARMERS' RATES ARE SOUGHT Lower Electricity Costs Demanded by-Bureau A committee to seek lower electric rates for Berkshire county farmers has been appointed by the Berkshire County Farm bureau, it was announced today. John Buckler of Pittsfleld heads the committee which also includes Councilman Daniel Casey and Dr. Eugene Brielman, veterinarian, of that The bureau contends that the farmers use current principally during daylight hours when the load is lightest and that consequently they should get preferential rates. Stamford Methodist Church Sunday morning service at the Methodist church will be held at 11 o'clock with a sermon by the pastor, Rev.

J. H. E. Rickanj. Subject: "The Old Well by the Gate." Church school at 12 noon.

Evening service at 7:30. Subject of sermon, "The Pursuit of Happiness." Baptist Church The services at the Baptist church will be- held Sunday morning at 11 o'clock, with a iermon by the pastor, Rev. J. Harold Fletcher. Church school will be at noon.

Local and Personal Mr. and Mrs. Harold Rlckard and daughter, Frances, of Palmer, spent the day Sunday witli his brother and sister-in-law. Rev. and Mrs.

J. H. E. Rickard, attending; church in the morning. George H.

Bedford of North Adams called on Mrs. Barlow at the Methodist parsonage, one day this week. 1 Miss Mary Sears and a friend of Bennington, visited her Mrs. Ethel Hawkins of Mill street Thursday. Rev.

J. H. E. Rickard spent Monday and Tuesday in The Parent-Teachers association will hold" its weekly whist party at the town hall Monday night beginning at 7:30. Dancing will follow the playing.

Yesterday afternoon the annual church meeting was held at the Methodist church. Rev. E. R. Tripp of Troy, N.

district superintendent presiding. Mrs. Addie Harris, 81, "Grandma Harris," as she is affectionately called, who is seriously ill at the home" of her daughter, Mrs. Albert Taylor in Hancock, is considerably improved but still very ill. The play, "Aunt Tillie Goes to Town," will be repeated here March 31 by the Methodist Youth Council players of North Adams.

It will be given under the auspices of the local Methodist Ladies' aid. THE POWNALS POWNAL Baptist Church Service At the Baptist church Sunday morning, the pastor, Rev. Harry Garfield Mohl wil preach on the subject "Inferior Estimates." The service will be held at 1.30 o'clock. Church schoof meets at 11.30 o'clock. NORTH POWNAL Services Tomorrow Services at the Congregational church tomorrow will be held at the usual time with Mrs.

Frank Tarling conducting the 10 o'clock service. Sunday school will follow at 11 a. m. Mrs. Tarling will have charge of the Sunday school in the absence of Supt.

M. M. Marsh who is spending the winter In Northampton, Mass. Local and Personal Mr. and Mrs.

Charles Kokoras and Mrs. M. Ke'ly are spending the week-end in Salem, Mass. Mr. and Mrs.

Frederick Fortmlller of Philadelphia. Pa, and Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Fortmlller of New Brunswick, N. and Mr.

and Mrs. Lawrence Moore and daughter, Janet, of Bennington, Vt, were recent guests of Mrs. Dewey C. Gardner. Cascade Questions Editor of the Transcript On March 7 in an interval of more than 50 years I paid my second respects to the Cascade.

The agitation with petitions to purchase the Cascade property excited my curiosity. In contacting some of the il-lusioned and uninformed signers they apparently, knew nothing about the property owner's price or the further expense that would be involved after the purchase. The number of acres inside of its outward boundaries. The distance from its ndrthern boundary line (that is ajacent to the Braytonvllle resi-adjacent to the Braytonvllle resi-is being detimbered) to the scenic Cascade, and how many ownerships would be involved in its purchase. This knowledge they were entirely void of.

Here are their answers to my questions: "You have lived here all or part of your life, how many times have you visited the Cascade?" Answers: "Once or twice." "Never." Do you want to pay more taxes or have a greater city indebtedness? "Neither." What per cent of our 20,000 population visit he Cascade yearly? "I don't know." For the full protection of the Cascade it will necessitate purchasing land from two owners. One small piece of residential property corners within a few feet of the Cascade. This small picje o. once wooded land has recently been cleanly tut over as if for cultivation. This property is situated on a public highway a short distance up southeast of the Cascade.

(This last information is from my observation). When this clearing of the land took place which was of importance to the surroundings of the Cascade no petitions were circulated to my knowledge for its preservation. From this highway on the east side of the Cascade is the shortest in gress, approximately, two or three hundred feet. In all the past years that the property owners have given the public free and unrestrained access to the Cascade property there has not been public interest enough to donate in some way a convenient, accessible and inviting pathway this short distance to the In all the years since Nature formed this small scenic wonder I found it still intact. No one had moved it out of its place nor silently stolen it away.

Our city has been built up mostly from our manufacturing industries and on them we depend. When tlwy So up or down, we go their way. Taxation is one of their perplexing problems. Already they have sought relief outside of the city's jurisdiction. They will not tolerate further increase in their taxes at present.

This throws a greater taxation upon other real estate. The city holds a lien on all our real estate and personal property. About $32.50 on every assessed one thousand 'dollars valuation. If I build a house and it is assessed $4,000 valuation, the city has a lien on it besides my regular yearly tax of $129. No real estate owner in our city has a clear title to real estate property.

i We have two mutual savings banks that have thousands of dollars invested in real estate mortgages. It is not their choice to foreclose on such properties unless absolutely necessary. When they have foreclosed often the ownership falls on them. When they find a buyer frequently they are at a loss. That is why they have to lower the depositors' interest.

Pcopb do not like to bid in or buy real estate because of the high taxation and the liability of its increasing. The more taxation is lessened the better it is for us all. We must not allow any unnecessary We must guard our public treasury, and know who is spending our money and where It is going. We are hi a confused economic situation and it may be a long time our fondling. Caution, deep meditation and sclf-sacriflce should be our roadway guide.

I cannot comprehend that it would be a good business move to buy the Cascade property at present. Put up the danger sign now before an accident occurs. Since the advent of the automo- bile and concrete boulevards fam ilies are more attracted to the cheap sweetened and flavored carbonized drinking water, hot dogs and whatnot that illuminates our highways. The parks were once the lovers' paradise. Today the automobile is their preference.

The parks are waning. In some places the cost of their maintenance is prohibitive. Our city is enforced to take over from time to time plots of unim proved land for the taxes thereon. Can we put these holdings to some practical use? Perhaps we can "quilt" them for a public park. Charles F.

Griggs. Again on Sales Tax Editor of the Transcript: I hope the present communication will have the good fortune of seeing the light in print without unr dergoing any amputating operation. For this only reason I hesitated to reply Nelson A. Roberts' of March 14th, last. I will try to be short and right to the point.

I take pleasure to as-knowledge Mr. Roberts' statement that "the (taxpayers) associations are organized to work for the protection of the taxpayers through the elimination and avoidance of unnecessary and wasteful expenditures and through a ereater efficiency in Bthe services of government." And that they (the taxpayers associations) are (theoretically) "strictly non-partisan civic organizations." In other words Mr. Roberts tells us that my criticism to his proposals was justified. But, ar.d I don't know for what underlying reason, he insists on trying to convince me and the taxpaying-public that we should go on paying more taxes. His tirade tells me nothing.

The records of efforts of the associations in behalf of economy and saving of the public's money are assets of the said associations. But the sales tax proposals are liabilities. No one can deny this either. In the first place: "A strictly nonpartisan civic organization" for "the protection of the taxpayers" will not embark on an adventurous voyage into the taxpayers pocketbooks for the purpose of relieving them of the few cents that they have painfully saved through the nightmare of small salaries, high cost of living and ever increasing unemployment much as we are experiencing at the present In the second place the associations are on the wrong side of the fence in proposing such new taxation. For, by judging from the contentions of the taxpaying public the sales tax is unpopular not because it isn't "fully understood" but because it is "unnecessary" and "avoidable." In the third place if it is necessary, unavoidable and honestly proposed why, then', is it necessary to wrap it up with the pretty name of "relief tax?" In regard to understanding a law, or a proposed law it is a more Utopia.

Because it is a well known fact that not even the chief justice of the Supreme Court of the nation and neither, for that matter, the most eminent Jurist in the U. S. A. "fully understands" or knows all the paraphernalia of laws that wc Lawyers and jurists only interpret and apply the laws case for case as the occasion presents itrclf. Still I may be wrong.

But until I am proven wrong with more convincing facts, I prefer to remain wrong than to be unconvincingly right Of purse all I have said goes on the supposition that the taxpayers associations are to protect the tax-paying public from being relieved of their savings by the ever hungry and insatiable politicians. But in case the associations are organized to raise money for the politicians to spend for buying votes sinecures for themselves and their proteges then my argument, I reckon, falls apart and I will be the first one to admit that the easiest way to raise money to feed the never satiable army of politicians will be the sales tax. No, I will propose an easier one, the tax on breathing. No one can escape from paying his share. I North Adams Giovanni Russo.

About 100,000 veterans still are eligible for World war bonus bonds, the aggregate amount due them being about $84,000,000. The law permits applications up to 1940. years and whose house is standing back from the road near its junction with the state highway. In the Junction of the roads is a cottage of the regulation style, which was the home of Ellsha Bradford. Bradford married Eunice Bennet, daughter of Joseph, and their little farm was taken from the west end of her father's estate.

Her father's house was iit plain sight, directly opposite across the river. Scores of descendants of Elisha and Eunice Bradford live today in Adams and North Adams. One daughter, Susanna, married Issac Browne and another, Sarah, married Clement Harrison. One son, William, became a large property owner on Main street in North Adams. A granddaughter, Zilpha, was the wife of Henry Shaw or Josh Billings.

Israel Cole married Susanna Wood and came to Cheshire with the Wood and Mason families from Swansea. In 1829 he sent a large cheese to President Jackson which was not so famous as the one sent previously to President Jefferson. Israel died in 1830. Some Early Owners Zebedee Dean, the pioneer settler of that family, lived in this same neighborhood on the main highway. He bought in 1810 the lot adjoining Cole of Ephraim Farrington, his step-father.

The splendid Ormcsby Farm was formerly the Rufus Richardson place and first owned by Jonathan Richardson Jr. and bought in 1792 and being the north parts of Lots 29 and 32. The south part of these same lots was sold the same year to Edward Martin of Swansea, and his old house of the regulation style and quaint appearance, now on this farm, is familiar to everyone. Until very recently this farm remained in the Martin family. The south line of this farm is the south line of New Providence and the Pontoosuc path as it continues southward will be considered under the Lanesboro section of Cheshire.

In 1794 there were thirteen houses along the Pontoosuck path in New Providence, Following Pork Lane We will retrace our steps and travel Pork Lane as it parallels the road we have just mentioned. This road was- laid out in 1773 and the following persons gave the land it covered. Brooks Mason," Stephen Carpenter, Abiezer Phillips, Philemon Lee, John Lee, Nathan Mason, Joseph Cornell, Oliver Perkins and Ichabod Prosser. Stephen Carpenter lived in the house now standing in the turn of Pork Lane as it turns southward. It was for a' time the home of Elder Leland.

As we travel southward on this old road, so well settled in old times, we do not now find any other house until we have crossed the New Providence line. The farm next to Carpenter's, first owned by Philemon Lee, was sold in 1775 to Aaron Sea-mans who was a deacon in the Stafford Hill church. The farm owned by Joseph Cornell was sold to Nathan Mason in 1778 and in 1784 Levi Mason bought the farm adjoining. In 1777 Caleb Brown bought the Oliver Perkins lands. His old house was standing until recent years.

The Brown Family Near the house is a curious mass of lime rock which rises abruptly to a great height. It may be climbed with some difficulty and commands a wide view. It was formerly covered with white birches growing from crevices and made a beautiful and picturesque curiosity. Captain Caleb Brown had a notable service in the Revolutionery war as did his brother Levi. Both brothers left many of their name to head manufacturing enterprises in the Hoosic Valley.

Near Caleb's house was an orchard with trees named for his children. The youngest, Achsah. married William C. Plunkett of Adams. Lois married Zebedee Dean.

Molly married Israel Cole Lydia married Andrew Bennet. The three Manning, Russell and Timothy, were alt prominent citizens and myriads of Capt Caleb's descendants live in Northern Berkshire. The farm next to old Lanesboro line was Ichabod Prosser's. He soon removed to Pow-nal. On his farm was built the meeting house, now long ago vanished, of Elder Nathan Mason.

Along the once busy Pork Lane we see the remains of chimneys and cellars to.

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