The Standard Union from Brooklyn, New York on January 16, 1916 · 14
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The Standard Union from Brooklyn, New York · 14

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Sunday, January 16, 1916
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THE DAILY STANDARD UNION: ;oqr LYN SUNDAY. JANUARY 16. 1916. r TIE STAI1DARD UIIIQI1 WILLIAM BE KB! CaJly and Sunday an eent par copy utwcrtpUoa. 4 ente p.r month i II lor three month IS for ala month or $. per rear (addreaa changed whenever de-.Ired) fra of Inland poetage, Ocaan poat-ci (a canta par cop r added to tore! aubacrlptlona In changing an addreaa both old and now should be give STANDARD UNION BUILDING, Fnltea and Wnehtagte Streets. Telephone. All Department Main. MANHATTAN OFFICE: Waolwonh Building. IS1 Braad-oayt Talaph anaa Hit and tHI Barclay. Corporate Name: The Brooklyn Union Publlehtn Co. William Berrt, Praoldant and Traaaurar; Geor. Hadden. Vlce-Prset. I George T. ' Mueaoa. Sac ratary and A eat. Treaa ; Herbert L. Bridgmn Bualnaaa Manager. Mala Office and Addreaa Standard Union Building, Fulton and Washington 8ta. Brooklyn. N. T. SUNDAY. JAN. 16. Wit. EIGHTEEN PAGES. Circulation. Sworn Government Statement: Daily, 61,259 ; Sunday. 68.030. The Navy Yard Tragedy. The lamentable tragedy at the Navy Yard yesterday afternoon was due to causes yet to be determined, jj waa an ugly accident that cannot at present be explained and perhaps may forever remain a mystery.. Nothing ljke this has ever before occurred on an American submersible, and inasmuch as the vessel was in drydock and undergoing certain interior changes the assumption at this time is that the explosion was in no way due to faulty design or imperfect construction. Rather the opinion is that a leak of gasoline or MM other escaping gas was responsible for the accident. The loss of four lives, three of the victims being Brooklynites, and the serious injury of a number of Navy Yard workers and enlisted men engaged in overhauling the vessel shock the entire community. Without any chance whatever to fight for their lives these men were caught in the cramped hold of the submersible, and those who survived went through the most horrible experience imaginable. The bravery of one or two officers and members of the crew in hastening into the vessel regardless of con. sequences challenges the admiration of the Nation. Into what might have been their own grave they plunged and rescued some of the burned and suffocating men. It was a noble act. The Record Act of Stupidity. The silly performance of holding up Mrs. Pankhurst at Ellis Island has been repeated by the Immigration officials of this port. Is there anything quite so absurd as an Immigration official ? Criminals and lunatics and paupers manage to get by them somehow, for such aliens are found among the population of our prisons, asylums and almshouses. Yet a little old lady from England is sent to Ellis Island and detained whenever she visits the .United States, whether to make speeches for woman suffrage or to raise money for relief of Serbian destitution. It should have penetrated the thickest head by this time that the United States is in no danger from Mrs. Pankhurst, nor is there a single person in America who is afraid of her. In fact, America wishes her well, and everyone here regrets the suffering she underwent in connection with her political agitation at home, whatever ones opinion might be as to that agitation. ' The first time she was held up by the Immigration officials, their act made the United' States ridiculous. The second time it ceases to be a joke. Somebody in Washington should Send on a sharp rebuke. Americans Cannot See the Point. - British officials, according to cabled correspondence, think or hope the effect 6f the seizure of Capt. von Papens papers, and the publication of what purports to be their substance, will cause President Wilson to hesitate before going on with the protest against British seizures of American consignments to neutral ports. v For once, English officials seem to see something quite clearly when Americans cant catch the point at alL Suppose a German diplomat tried to blow up the Washington Monument personally; what would that have to do with an American protest against confiscation of American property, without corn pen. sation, by the British Government? Because one man kicks you would be no reason for submitting to another man picking your pockets. Express jService On the Broadway Line. ' The express service which begins to-morrow on the Broadway elevated road, between Myrtle avenue and Manhattan, will be heartily welcomed by thousands of patrons of the several lines which use this artery of travel. The slow and tedious ride to and from work has been endured patiently for years, and Bow that the journey will be shortened in a few hours a brighter era is at hand. While only a fey minutes will be lopped off by the third-track service it amounts to a great deal when the trip Is taken twice dally, and particularly is the cut largo when reduced to the percentage basis. A saving' of five or six minutes each way is about equal to a reduction of possibly one-quarter or one-third on the running time from Myrtle avenue to the terminal in Manhattan. Congestion should be diminished by this addition, which really doubles the rush-hour track capacity. The economy ih time will be hailed with the greatest satisfaction by patrons of the lines that are the beneficiaries of the third-tracking. The Schoharie Vater Project. The $22,000,000 Schoharie water project, now before the Board of Estimate, should be challenged at the threshold. The problem is largo and gravo and much depends, either way, on its solution, but that is all the more reason why all the light should bo turned on and a decision reached which will stand the test of time and events. New York is not afraid of more size and does big things in a big way, as our SOO-mile $300,000,000 subway system will teach us before we are through with it. Treatment of the squeduct extension is moreover made more difficult and embarrassing by the attitude and manner of its official advocates. They ask large additional grants of power and public money; ten years of generous salaries and if any one ventures to propose that we put on the brakes, till we can find out whether the $160,000,000 project to which we are already committed will work and whether we can find new sources of taxation to make both municipal ends meet and suggest that we have already about reached the Plimsoll line of revenue, they assume an air of righteous indignation, assert that they are not a Tammany board and that they are the only men to whom this extensive new contraction can be entrusted. No fine sense of official propriety, however, has prevented members of the commission from working the newspapers offices; promoting favoring advance reports by civic organizations and giving out to the papers the report of Chief Engineer Lewis before it was submitted. Water supply, like transportation, education and all the other great administrative and executive problems of the city has much that is purely technical and specialized. The subject has many angles, engineering, hydraulic, financial and other and is not to be disposed of by mass meeting, possibly not by the first sweep of public sentiment. Yet there are certain plaia underlying principles, bottomed on facts and common sense, which any man of ordinary intelligent may understand, about which there is neither mystery nor special pleading and which cannot be side-tracked nor ignored. That this is no time to talk of higher taxes, anybody who has anything tangible or intangible to be taxed knows. The Schoharriers plead that their project is but the second half of the original and that having brought the end of the first half in sight, they shbuld now be commissioned to go on with the remainder. But the answer to thnt is that the project, so dear- and inv:t-ing to them, is a dozen Vars old ; that then we didnt foresee 300 million indebtedness for subways, 160 for a barge canal, 50 for marginal railroads and terminal facilities, a revival of the state tax, and so on through the list. A debt service of more than a million dollars a week, closed evening schools, recreation and lecture centres and a tax budget, heaviest in the citys history, all these are grim and ugly facts which test the most confirmed optimist in the future of New York and cause many to wonder whether other places may not serve as well for homes and business, whether the city has not a life-grip on the lions share of a mans net proceeds. Higher living costs and steadily heavier federal taxes add emphasis to the logic of local events. Moreover, it should not be forgotten that the Schoharie arguments all separate themselves logically into two groups. On the one side are certainties, the inevitable; on the other estimates, comparisons and predictions. Long ago it was said, and Its always true, that the only things certain are death and taxes, and if the city commits itself to the 16-mile tunnel and the 383-square mile, watershed, to supply its reservoir, it is certain that it will be of no use whatever until both are fully completed and the last dollar paid; in other words, once begun theres no stopping until the whole project is in actual operation, otherwise all the money would be wasted. There's no half way. Meanwhile, interest runs like water, nights and days and Sundays, and the bonds, which the city hereafter issues, must, under last years ironclad European war agreement, be paid, in - a reasonable 'time, in real money, not put, over into the remote future upon the Unfortunate generations yet unborn. Another reason why conservatism and deliberation are becotning Is that we are entitled to demonstration of what we have already bought and paid for Ten million gallons a day, two per cenL of capacity, trickling into the Bronx, and five months for filling the Valhalla reservoir, do not demonstrate that the 500 "m. g. d. Catskill aqueduct possesses that factor of safety which its constructors and advisers clain f ;r it, and it nay well be worth while to wait and sea what it will da in actual operation and in continuous daly service, im der all sorts of conditions. Nobody knows, either, whether the Ashokan watershed and reservoir will supply the estimated quantity qr not. Calcu lations, to be absolutely safe, have been made on a series of the dryest years. Suppose the results should be the other way and the supply should be greater than expected, and its just as reasonable to figure that way aa the other. And so . with Schoharie; no one knows what the Schoharie watershed will produce or what its improvement will ultimately cost. The commission credits itself with liberal praise for having kept within its Catskill estimates, yet it admits an advance of $10,-000,000 due to unforeseen demands of labor and neglects to take into account in striking its favorable bal anee, nearly $6,500,000 of land damage claims, almost nine-tenths of the total, still open and outstanding. Other reasons are obvious for this enthusiasm, for an immediate attack on Schoharie and Shandaken. If this new supply was contemplated ten yean ago and Is needed now, one wonders why the whole work was not then undertaken and work provided for the 500 m. g. d. aqueduct, instead of only half that amount. It can hardly be a coincidence . that the three $12,000-ayear commissioners, of whom one is now in the eleventh year of service, who resist consolidation with the Department of Water Suppy, Gas and Electricity, forget what ten years more of official life and salary mean. It means that construction and administration are two independent functions, and that they are the only men for the job; but the United States built and operates the Panama canal; the state engineers handle the barge canal, the Pennsylvania and all other trunk lines build and ojerate their own bridges and terminals. It is impossible for Father Knickerbocker, long suffering and generous, forever to play the double role of Atlas and Midas. A Modest Benefactor. Jn more than one philanthropic institution,. but especially at Caroline Rest, Hartsdale, N. Y., a home for the poor of this city, has the news of George H. F. Schraders death occasioned sincere .regret. The Brooklyn inventor and manufacturer who died aboard ship in Scandinavian waters gave generously to charity, but always desired that his benefactions receive no publicity. His best known and possibly largest single contribution was the purchase of the Hartsdale property for the New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor. That was partly an expression of his love for children. His love for animals was almost as marked, as was evidenced by his efforts to better the condition of the ponies of Iceland, which are left largely to forage for themselves in winter. In the world of business Mr. Schrader distinguished himself by several inventions, the most notable being the universally used valve for pneumatic tires. The Fort Hamilton-Bay Ridge Extension. By the inauguration yesterday of the subway service to Fort Hamilton that section now has something which it has persistently and properly demanded for years. In some respects the region in the vicinity of the fort has suffered more for want' of swift transit facilities than almost any part of Brooklyn, not even the elevated line running far enough to serve the residents in the manner they desired. It has been necessary for them to first take a surface car, and then the elevated. But now with the four-track extension of the .Fourth Avenue Subway terminating at Eighty-fourth street the Fort Hamilton-Bay Ridge people have the means of going to and from the Brooklyn Bor ough Hall, and Manhattan or the Bronx, with speed and comfort. Naturally, there was great jubilation by the residents yesterday when the first train was run. It spelt a new era for that part 6f Brooklyn. -Building development should be greatly promoted and the population ought to increase rapidly. The new service transforms a part of the borough that has just claims to distinction as a residential section. It is difficult to match the nerve of the two sailors of the interned German cruisers in Hampton Roads who violated their parole and got employment with the Government. Breaking their pledge Jto tlje Government was bad enough, but going to work for it shows industry worthy of a better opportunity. He Was Everybody's Friend. In the days when Brooklyn was an autonomous commufiity, before, surface and elevated cars crossed the bridge, and when the ferry at the foot of Fulton street was one of the busy localities, John J. Donlen, a policeman with a very accommodating manner and a winning smile, was known to thousands of residents of Erooklyn. For years he was stationed at Fulton Ferry, and his nod and Smile greeted hundreds of citizens daily. Donlen died last week. Eighteen years ego, after being promoted to sergeant, he retired, having been on the force twenty-eight years, and l;e left a clean record. Only theVjniddle-agcJ or elder Brooklynites remember Donlen, but still there are thousands now alive who have no trouble recalling the ap-jearnce of the man and who expe rienced a feeling of keen regret op hearing of his death. He was' a credit , to the- old Brooklyn police force and a friend of all who cared to be friendly with him. One. of the well-known English words, cabal, meaning a strong com-' bination to. carry out a predetermined purpose, was made from the initials of the five British ministers, Clifford, Arlington, ' Buckingham, Ashley and Lauderdale. of the Cabinet under Charles II, who signed a treaty with France against Holland in 1672. The word news is fancifully devised from the letters standing for North, East, South and West on a weathervane, but its more probable derivation Is from new. A few years ago a Western organization of women took . the name Wimodaughsis from the first syllables of wives, mothers, daughters and sisters. More recently the organization of Camp Fire Girls adopted its motto Wohelo, the first two letters of work, health and love. The most recent example of the creation of a word from initials is Anzac on the Gallipoli Peninsula, made from the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. In conjunction with such a real name as Suvla it looks Turkish ' enough to pass muster, but it is only an army emergency word devised from a far- off military contingent and not yet on any save the latest newspaper maps. The 11 -year-old Brooklyn . boy caught stealing for the second time, who, when asked if he knew it was wrong, said it was wrong if he was detected, has an extremely dull com. prehension of conscience and crime. There are a number of adult offenders who think being caught is far worse than committing a crime, but nearly always their conscience has been calloused by long-continued lawbreaking and they have lost the proper perception of right and wrong. MRS. PiKHUBST FREE PENDING INVESTIGATION WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. A simple procedure will either deport Mrs. Emellne Pankhurst or permit her to remain. The appeal which she sent Secretary of Labor Wilson to-day will be Investigated by a special board of Inquiry, which will report on whether the offenses of Mrs.Psnk-hurst, for which she is held, are such that she is likely to commit acts of violence or moral turpitude in this country. Then Secretary Wilson will either sign or disapprove this decree. She is held under a technical requirement of the immigration law, since she admits having been arrested in suffrage troubles in England. When she appealed on her first visit. Secretary Wilson decided there was nothing in her record to warrant the belief she --a dangerous person, and ordered her admitted. Mrs.' Pankhurst was resting in a Manhattan Hotel last night. After Board of Inquiry at Ellis Island had declared her to be an undesirable alifen, Assistant Secretary of Labor Poet arranged for her parole pending the result of her appeal to Washington. The Scarlet Flower, by Chrra Harris, In next Sunday's Standard Union. THE POLITICAL TREND. Mr. Bryan has said nothing in particular In several weeks. May that be ominous? Albany Journal. jCol. Roosevelt would take coffee with or without sugar, with or without cream. He wants coffee. Thats all. Louisville Courier-Journal. Mr. Taft is the Progressive Prodigal's elder brother, and there ars strict limits to his Joy at the prospect of the Colonel's returning tb the Republican feast and plumping himself down in the seat at the head of the table. Binghamton Press. William Barnes, the well-known Albany County Republican, leader and former State chairman. Is determined to again engage in the death-grapple with his eld-time political enemy. Col. Theodore Roosevelt. n the face of the extraordinary efforts now being made to, bring about i coalition of the Republican and Progressive parties; in the face of the sentiment being stirred up by the open letter of George W. Perkins, financial backer of the Bull Moose, and. In the face of the boom recently launched for Roosevelt at the Gary dinner, the Tanner letter shows keen Insight into political portents and exhibits rare courage on the part of the writer. The red blood of courage courses through the veins of other fighters besides those in the trenches on the fields of battle. The battle at Chicago In June promises to equal in its -way the contest in progress In Europe, though It may be bloodless, and will call for as much generalship and maneuvering as that between the Allies and the Teuton Albany Tlmes-Uniqn. N THE WIDE WORLD. : An African frog sounds a call under water that can be heard foe long distances. The English city of Birmingham uses nearly ninety- thousand, penny-In-the-elot gas meters. ' Russia boasts of the world's greatest choir. It is In. the Cathedral of Alexander Nevski. In Petroghad, and is aUaohed to a convent erected In honor of the patrort saint of Russia, Its members, of which there are about thirty, are all monkp, and are chosen from the best voices In all the Russian monasteries. - 4 According to the Springfield "Republican." a speedometer that governs the speed of its automobile la now being manufactured. In the base of the frame Is a small barrel containing tumblers and other mechanism of a Yale lock. Inserting the proper key in this lock permits a dial at the top ts be revolved and set at any deetred figure. ; This figure will thereafter represent the speed above which the automobile cannot go, and withdrawing the key elTertually prevents the numbers being changed. In use, the eorUrtvance works on the carburetor rod. When the Indicator on the speedometer nears the speed set. a certain contact is formed within the Instrament, causing an electro-magnet slowly to close down the carburetor. A corresponding slack, ening of the autonmbile's speed results. i . THE SUNNY SIDE. EdlthWhat did you give Jack for Transcript.. 1 cant say I like your new tooth Tale Record. I observe, said the fiend, that Mr. Rockefeller says he owes much of his succors to golf." "It waa my notion." said the lowbrow, "that most men owe much of their golf to success. St. Louis' Republic. Patient Doctor, my lungs hurt (brusquely) Merely a bad cold. Two for that? I won't pay it! Doctor Michigan Gargoyle. Mr. Newman had Just recovered from an operation and waa talking to a friend. "The surgeon." he remnrked. "raid he'd have me on my feet again In three weeks. "Well, he did it, didn't he?" asked the friend. "He, did, indeed," responded Mr. Newman. "I had to sail my motor car to paylu' hi bill." Christian Register. t , m Oil ESQO.OQO ISIS Oil m RESIDENCE Surrogate to Decide If Man, Who Died In Paris, Lived In New York. Although Henry M. Sands, member ofan old New York family,, died In Paris three year ago.- leaving aa estate, It Is claimed, of nearly 1600,000, proceedings before Surrogate Ketcham here show that a strange combination of circumstances has deprlvsd sither the French Republic or the -State of New York of a big transfer tax. When Sands died, hla executors. Frederick De P. Foster and John B. Pine, filed a petition saying he waa a resident erf-Paris. Aa a reault of information ' furnished him. Transfer Tax Appraiser John J. Monahan found the "tangible personal property" left by Sands In this State amounted to 63,504. On the assumption that 8ands was a resident of Paris, Surrogate Ketcham exempted the estate from taxation. It is now charged that the executor failed to mention that In a box at the Hanover Safe Deposit Company in Manhattan were securities valusd at-6560,000. - The State Controller then took steps to have the order of exemption from tax set aside. An Investigation showed that when Sands died In Paris, a niece made an affidavit that he really lived In Manhattan.- The Surrogate will now be called upon to determine whether Sands was a resident of Paris or New York and this will settle who shall receive the tax. ROOSEVELT WOULD MAKE PACIFICISTS' BURY DEAD WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. "Any man w ho signs a pledge that he will not enlist or volunteer In the army or navy In the event of war should be promptly dlsenfranchloed, and then should be sent to the front to dig kitchen sinks, bury dead horses and do other Jobs which would relieve brave men of the unnecessary hard work of a campaign. Pacifists and poltroons would thus be mqde of small use to their country. At the present they are of none. All men and womejjjwho encourage any one to take euett a pledge are engaged in an Infamous business and should be treated accordingly. "Sincerely yours, "THEODORE ROOSEVELT. This communication from the Colonel was read by Mrs. Russell MacLennon. president of the Society for the Protection of Dignity and Honor of the Uniforms of the United States, nt the meeting of the Washington branch of the woman's section of the Navy League. GARMENT WORKERS MAY STRIKE IN PHILADELPHIA PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 15. Nearly 10,000 garment workers In this city will strike on Monday if elevenfh-liour negotiations going on to-day between the manufacturers and union leaders prove unsuccessful. Recently demands were made for shorter hours and better working conditions. URGES 5400, 000,000 TOO ARTILLERY ALONE WASHINGTON. . Jan. 15. Three plans for Increasing artillery, coast fortifications and mobile strength, running in cost from 625.000,000 to 640tJ.000.000. were to-day considered by the House Appropriations Committee. Col. Treat, of the War College, submitted a programme for spending 6400.000,000 for artillery. Gen Croxler, ordnance chief, has a plan for spending 6249,000,000, - and Col. St. John Greble, formerly of the general staff, offered the 625,000,090 plan. Christmas? , paste." That's ihavlni cream. ( me. YVhat dollars, please, Cough again, shall J do? Doctor Patient Two dollars Mm! Tuberculosis. f BROOKLYN WOMAN- HURT IN MANHATTAN Elizabeth Hortell, II years old, of 111 Carlton avenue, in alighting from a Madison avenue car at Centre and Chamber street, .Manhattan, late yeeterday afternoon, fell to Abe ground and sustained a sprain of the left ankle and contusione of the left elde. She was taken to the Volunteer Hospital. STOCKHOLM THE SEAT OF FOOD PEACE TRIBUNAL THE HAGUE, Jan. IS. Stockholm has been chosen as the seat of the permanent tribunal 'established by the Ford peace party. The selection was made tbla afternoon Just before the American delegatee left for Rotterdam to take passage for America. The choice, however, ts subject to the approval of Henry Ford. Open Letter to the Public Service Commission! New York, January 15, 1916. HON. OSCAR S. 8TRAUS, Chairman Public Service Commission, 1E4 Nassau Street. Manhattan. Sir: In the ruling of January 6th it Is stated (a) that the Commission Is opposed In principle to the granting of perpetual subway franchises; (b) that the demand of Central Brooklyn that It be connected to the transit system la reasonable. (c) that the demand- that the elevated railroad be removed from the moet important avenue through the city. In the center of our only business and shopping district, is worthy of consideration. Permission Is granted (a) to continue the third tracking of the Fulton Street Elevated from Nostrand Avenue to Cumberland Street. (b) By inference further time Is allowed to consider the practicability of building a subway through Livingston Street by assessment. This statement of the Commission is not clear, but, nevertheless. It is a step in advance In that it makes admission that Central Brooklyn has a right to some of the benefits- of the city-built transit system. With respect to the question of a perpetual franchise; The Dual subway contracts have In effect reaffirmed the principle of a perpetual franchise for elevated railroads and it is a fact that your Commission and the Board of Estimate have looked with favor upon the re-location of an elevated railroad on Adams Street with a perpetual franchise. Your ruling of January 6th leaves the door open to authorize this construction. Your opposition to a perpetual franchise for a subway no one will take exception to. If It applies equally to an elevated railroad, but this principle Central Brooklyn will not subscribe to If It is used to veto its demand that It be put on the transit map and is to result In the rebuilding of a third track elevated railroad with a perpetual franchise on its main avenue. . Whether or not a perpetual franchise shall be given de novo in a subway is quite a different matter from that of re-locating the Fulton Street elevated railroad already in the possession of a perpetual franchise. The question to be decided Is whether, accepting conditions as you find them, you will exercise the power granted by the Legislature in Chapter 525 In the Law of 1913, and remove what Is now a menace to the well being of the entire borough and re-locate the same below ground on an adjoining street. , 11 ,iie wlthln Tour power to provide Central Brooklyn with the r&cilitiefl it dem&nds And Avoid a perpetuai franchise within a subway, wa Mk that negotiations with this endvin view be earnestly carried for-4t aPPar possible that the perpetual franchises held by tne J. a. T. for elevated railroads through the central section of Brooklyn can be terminated within some reasonable period, we urge that negotiations with this end In view, be earnestly undertaken. But we beg you will define to us the difference In principle which makes you feel free to grant a re-location of n elevated railroad with a franchise for esthetic reasons and deny a re-location of an ?' riHrM 111 a subway with a perpetual franchise which provides a transit relief to a great section of the city. Committee of One Hundred has urged that a subway be built h.r AA!'-a " wlthln which the Fulton Street elevated could efnuLfJ nd there h been a gratifying response from property owners t? ar tv a8esment for a large part of the cost of this Improre-J " . 1 , Clr''"s,tn c th attitude of your Commission In to . A ., . ith t perpetual franchise seems to be an effort 1? e'abilsh a precedent for the future rather than to find a solution of Brooklyn s problem, unless by this means you may hope to secure & more plshmentarrnKementWlth th" rallroad company looking to this accom- . If this does not explain what underlies the ruling of the Public Service Commission of January 6th then it Is a fair deduction that the ruling has no constructive foundation. This the Committee of One Hundred is not ? believe and we urge you to consider again the facts which form the basis of our Insistent appeal. Eh.deitlaid tnm Broklyn residents that the rebuilding of the Fulton reet Elevated with a third track steel viaduct on our main thoroughfare, through our most important business district, should cease and that instead a o way be constructed from the Brooklyn Bridge to Cumberland Street with a connection at Ashland Place with the Fourth Avenue Subway, is not only reasonable It is the best solution yet suggested to correct a glaring rror in the dual subway contract. It would be a great step towards providing for this great community of nearly two million people, an eppor-to rebuild and develop what is probably the most ugly and uncouth civic center of any great City In the world. The principle that dictated the lay-out of the subways In Manhattan was the relief ef traffic congestion in the business and densely settled sections of the City. The principle which dictated the lay-out of the subway system Jn Brooklyn was the provision of rapid transit facilities for a future population. In the semi-suburban, eastern and southern sections of the Borough, you have contracted for the construction of 24 tracks of new rapid transit lines and extensions of old lines, without adding one additional transit facility to the great population of what was but twenty years ago, the City of Brooklyn. The plan no doubt provides for the spreading of the population of Greater New York and may relieve some over congested districts of Manhattan, but It also affords real estate speculators with a market for their property and prevents the greater population of old Brooklyn from getting direct access to the mercantile business districts of Manhattan. The following is a recapitulation of these facts: 1. The old! Rapid Transit Commission designed, and there are constructed to-day, four tracks at the corner of Ashland Place and Fulton Street pointing towards Central Brooklyn built for the eervice of Central Brooklyn, which cost several millions of dollars in property and construction expense. Two fit these tracks you have arranged to connect with the Brighton Beach Railroad through Flatbush Avenue and Et. Felix Street. We have asked that the other two be connected with the Fulton Street elevated railroad. These two tubes are now unused and stub ended. 2. No additional rapid transit facility Is provided by the dual contracts to serve Central Brooklyn. 3. All of the Important avenues in Brooklyn are dis- figured by elevated railroads We have no Broadway or Fifth Avenue like Manhattan no Chestnut Street like Philadelphia or the possibility of securing them so long as the elevated construction remains 4. To make a beginning at such removal tacit approval has been given by your Commission and by the Board of Estimate for an expenditure aa first officially estimated of four million two hundred thousand dollars to relocate the Fulton Street elevated on Adams Street from Fulton Street to the Brooklyn Bridgs A further expenditure of about five hundred thousand dollars per mile would be made to reconstruct the Fulton Stret three tracked elevated road. 5. When it waa shown by the Committee of One Hundred that a subway on Livingston. Street to Cumberland Street removing a mile and over of elevated railroad could be built for less than the amount of money estimated to be spent on Fulton Street and' Adams Street, which removed am elevated Vallroad for a distance of but two thousand feet a revision was made of the estimate for Adams Street and It was suddenly found that this work could be done for nine hundred thousand dollars v 6. The B. R. T. have In writing stated to you that they will agree on certain conditions to the relocation of thair Fulton Street elevated in a subway on Livingston Street. Were the Committee of One Hundred to urge you to take away from them their perpetual franchise on Fulton Street, and give - , them a limited franchise on Livingston Street, It would be reused of asking an injustice. What we ask respects this contract relation. T. The land values of the district affected bv this- improvement are one hundred and forty-nine million dollars , The building values of the earns area are probably one-half more. It can he stated without fear of contradiction that the -rebuilding of this elevated railroad has and will decrease the i property values wlthln these areas. The most important and i most valuable area can yet be saved and a structure built i . which will not depreciate, but will enhance these values 1 To deny these demands on the Issue of laches is not consistent with (ths past constructive policy of you Commission. We are not asking you to reconstruct something for which money has been expended. W are asklrvt a modification before you have taken the decisive step which would make the modification Impossible. It ts, you, therefore, not-your predecessor, who must bear the responsibility fit deciding whether Brooklyn shall be relieved of a burden no other city In the country ts required to carry or be saddled with a menace which all well Informed men wili 'deplore a menace to the character of Its future citizenship as much as to i Us property vajues , i Respectfully yours COMMITTEE OF SCOTT McLANAIIAN, Secretary, BROOKLYN BUILDING SHOWS 169 PER CENT. GAIN December, . 1915, made a better monthly record In the total of building operations than any other month during the year In Greater New York. The greater city for the month made a gain of 176 per cent, over December. 1914, while, Brooklyn, with a total of 64.297,930 gained, showed 169 per cent, increase for the same period. Brooklyn, with 640.300,600. as against 633,269,185 for last year, showed a gain of 6 per cent, for 1916. KEATING FOR MUNITIONS PLANT AT PUEBLO, COL. WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. Representative Keating, of Colorado, to-day Introduced a bill for an 68,000.000 munitions plant at Pueblo. The Kealing-Owen Child Labor Bill was reported out by the House labor Committee to-day. Its 3 advocates hope to crystallize sentiment for the bill through a Child Labor Day" in all churches on Sunday, Jan. 23. J LAT ", JL"' Sll ONE HUNDRED ROBERT ALFRED SHAW, CliAlrmaa. hi u. s. ivy But Wise Wood Alone Expresses Any Reason for Preparedness Against Kaiser. TO DEFEND SOUTH AMERICA. Padgett, Kelly and Baekeland Give Views. The Republican Club, at 64 West Fortieth street. Manhattan, yesterday afternoon heard the needs of the United States Navy discussed by Congressman Lemuel P. Padgett of Tennessee. Democratic chairman of the House Committee on Naval Affairs; Congressman Patrick K. Kelly of Michigan. Republican member of the same committee; Dr. L. H. Baekeland, of the Naval Advisory Board, and Henry A. Wise Wood, who recently resigned from the Naval Advisory Board in order to be free to criticise the Navy Department's policy. Their subject was: The Nary: How Rapidly and How Ear It fchould Ee Enlarged. Each one took the navy of Germany as the basis for comparison in order to show what the necessities of the United States are. but Mr. Wood waa the only speaker who expressed any reason for preparedness against Germany. He said that German economic writers have showed that Germany desires to enter South America, and. if the Monroe Doctrine is to be maintained, the United States must b prepared to meet the Kaiser's navy. Mr. Wood deolfu-ei that under the Daniel-Wilson plan the United States never can catch Germany in naval construction, but that, under the plans of Admiral Dewey Germany could be caught in six or seven years. Only Shortage in Small Guns Congressmen Padgett and Kelly both disagreed with him on this point. Mr. Padgett declared that the Navy is amply provided with ammunition, except that there is a shortage cf small calibre guns, because from the estimate Yor the present year, allowances will have to re made for eighty ships of the merchant marine. He said that there had been a saving In torpedo and mine construction because these weapons were being constructed in this country at less than prices contracted for abroad in contracts cancelled as the result of the European war. In a comparison of the United States Navy with that of Germany Mr. Padgett declared that the greater cost In this country was due to higher wages paid to men in the Navy here and to the higher cost of ship construction. He said he waa not in favor of reducing the number 1 of navy yards, pointing out that i Great Britain, with 2.300 miles of aea-coast, has seven such stations while the United States with 4, ye miles has but eleven. The Congressman, after declaring that It has been said that we have no war plans. read a letter signed by Admiral Dewey, stating that the General Board of the Navy has plane worked out for the mobilization of the fleet in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans which plans are under constant process of revision for immediate use. Mr. Padgett said that It would not be proper for him to state his opinions as to what the country's plans should be In the future. More Submarines Than Germany. Congressmen Patrick K Kelly, of Michigan, Republican member of the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mid that his idea of preparedness was to have a navy powerful enough to keep all invaders away from the shores of the United States, and that when it was shown how large a navy was required for that purpose, he would vote for appropriations to provide it. He gave figures comparing the navies of the world, and claimed that the United Ptates sea armament ts superior to that of Germany, except in the matter of battle cruisers In a com. parieon of submarines he said that, while Germany at the beginning of the war was reported to hare had only twenty-seven undersea craft, with eighteen building, and Is reported to have built fifty more, and to. have lost sixty since, the United States has thirty-four in service and thirty-nine under construction. Dr. L. H. Baekeland, member of the Naval Advisory Board, urged that the Federal Government utilize the experience and the Inventive powers of its naval and army officers to Improve the service. 'Germany, he said, "could not continue warfare to-day. If she were not procuring nitrate from the sir under a process discovered In this country. Ship Builders Antagonised. Mr. Wood decl&eed that Secretary of the Navy Daniels had antagonised the shipbuilding industry to an extent that it does not want to do business with the United States Government when It can avoid it. Mr. Wood said he believed the Government should at least make shipbuilding a resource in time of need. t Besides expressing the alleged need of being prepared to fight Germany, Mr. Wood said the United States must be ready to fight Japan because of the exclusion policy of the Pacific coast. In comparing the Japanese navy with that of the United State he said that while the Japanese fleet is less powerful than that of this country, it Would be not ftwonslder-afcle If united to that of another power In warfare against this country. Daniel on John Psal Jons Upholding his contention that Democrat can defend America's honor cz the sea Secretary Daniels yeeterday pointed out to the National Democratic Club In Manhattan that the first great naval hero, John Paul Jones, waa a Democrat, and a North Carolina. one at that. "It was the influence of Wtllie Jones, intimate friend of Jefferson, and Democratic leader of North Carolina for twenty-five year said Pec-' retary Daniel "that brought about John Paul's appointment. In gratitude the latter added Jones to bis name. DANIELS FOR INCREASE IN NUMBER OF MIDDIES WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. In S letter to Chairman Padgett, ot theDoure Naval Committee. Secretary Daniels to-dtiy urged the Importance of the 4 Immediate introduction of s bill to Increase the number of midshipmen at Annapolis 0 that appointments can 1 be made In time for the next academic f year. -

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