Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 9, 1977 · Page 9
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 9

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Logansport, Indiana
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Sunday, October 9, 1977
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Page 9
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I New Books Af Library 'Reverse Discrimination' Case Set For Argument WASHINGTON (UPI)-The educationally disadvantaged facts will be as Important as the backgrounds? " law In influencing !he Supreme Regular applicants like Court's ruling in the Allan Bakke, if they survived Bakke ''reverse preliminary screenings, were discrimination" case, set for rated by a faculty pane). Bakke argument this Wednesday. scored 468 out of a possible 500 Bakke, a white twice rejected in 1973 and 549 out of a possible by the University of California 600 in 1974. medical school at Davis, claims According to one analysis, he would have been admitted If only 35 persons would have been 16 places had not been reserved considered ahead of him In 1973 for minorities under a special and 32 in 1974 if the special admission program. - admission program had not The California Supreme existed. Court agreed the program Special admissions ap- unconstitutionally plicants went through a discriminated against him on separate screening process, the basis of race. and did not compete with Now the nation's highest "regular" applicants, court must resolve, on appeal, a Whites had applied for ad- dispute that crystalizes a mission under the special modern American civil rights program,' but never were addilemma: What happens when milted through Iti a program penalizes whites There was no minimum grade while helping blacks overcome point for the special admissions the effects of discrimination? group. Pro-civil rights groups and The screening committee the Justice Department argue summarized each applicants the medical school program did qualifications and made a not constitute an illegal racial recommendation to the regular "quota," as Bakke claims. admission panel, Eventually, 16 They want the court to rule were admitted under ' the narrowly on the facts, and count special program. on its preference for avoiding Special admission students broad constitutional issues had grade points as high as 3.89 when it can. and low as 2,11. Some had Many a lawyer urging ,the overall admissions ratings 20 to court to make just such a 30 points below Bakke's. sweeping ruling has been sinee the Davis campus brought up short by one medical school.opened in 1968, • justice's question: "What ac- °nty °ne black had gained entrance without resort to 'the tually happened?" special admissions program. Yolo County Superior Court Judge F, Leslie Manker decided Allan Bakke faced several disadvantages: He was 33 by the time he was the special admissions program denied admission in 1973 and 34 discriminated against Bakke when he failed on his second because of his race. But he try refused to order Bakke ad- Although he had a 351 un- mitted . sa V ln g B a kke f a"ed to dergraduate grade point P rove he would have B ained average, and good test scores, entry on his own merits. he was among 3.700 students Both sldcs appealed to the competing for 100 spaces in California Supreme Court. 1974. The university argued the The trial judge in his original number 16 was a "goal," not a suit said Bakke failed to show U defended race- he could have won admission conscious programs' as the best even if the special admission wav lo make U P for historic program had not existed. discrimination against He had applied to 11 other minorities. medical schools. All rejected Tne California high court declared the special admissions P'on unconstitutional, 6 to 1, in September 1976, "because it hj m , As the record makes obvious Bakke, a mailman's son, J wanted to become a doctor in violates the rights guaranteed ' • ~ " - »=•' the worst way ' to the majority" by, the- Con- An ex-Marine with a B.A. in solution's guarantee of equal engineering from Minnesota protection to 'all, • and an M.A. in the same field tfl e state must show from Stanford, his desire to "compelling interest" to justify study medicine sharpened such a classification of people - - • • on the basis of race, and the school failed to prove its goals could not be satisfied "by means less detrimental to the rights of the majority," It said the university could use "flexible admission stan- during his association with doctors at the National Aeronautic and Space Administration lab in California, where he worked as a research engineer. Starting in 1971, -he worked mornings and evenings so he dards" without relying strictly could take pre-med courses full on grades and test scores. time by day. He did volunteer "" lo H1 " i """ "• —"' work in a hospital emergency ward. By 1973, when Bakke made system, benevolent in concept his move, the California med perhaps, but a revival of quotas school application forms asked one question beyond the usual Is difficult to avoid con- sldering the university scheme as a form of an education quota background and achievement nevertheless," the court said. The sole dissenter, Judge J. Torriner, said "benign racial Items: Did the applicant wish to classifications" have been be considered by a special upheld in school desegregation, admissions panel" for persons employment and public housing "from economically ana cases in the past. 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