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iwr year. Depression Psychology Economic measuring sticks serve to tell the expert how deeply the business depression has bitten into' things. For the ordinary man, however, a glance at the human misery that the depression causes is necessary. Fred C. Croxton, acting chairman of the President's Emergency Committee for Employment, told an audience at Minneapolis the other day that fully 20,000,000 Americans have been made to suffer by the depression. This includes all, those who have been out of work or on part-time jobs during;; the last ID months, and their dependents. As Mr. Croxton points out, these 20,000,000 have learned that industrial slumps mean "personal distress, hunger, toss of morale, and a change of lifc-pluns."- The man who has' lost his job, even though hd may he able to get along; without calling on the charitable organizations, is 'hound to suffer a lowering of his standard of living. He may lose the equity in his home. Her may. be forced to move into a less desirable neighborhood, or live in crowded quarters. He may have lo let his insurance lapse. He will undoubtedly get saddled with a huge load of debt. Plans to give his children college educations may have to be given up. : Worst of all, he undergoes a loss of self-confidence and selP-reliancc. He has lost, forever, that feeling of security that is essential to a contented life. In the -future, even though times are good, he will never be quite free from the spectre of .fear—fear that some day there may be another depression that will, through no fault of his own, plunge him into the depths of despondency again. A great deal has been printed about various aspects of the depression in the past year or so. M#ny of us have grown tired of reading about it. But it is extremely important that \ve get indelibly ; printed on. our minds a picture of the human misery that a depression causes. If we do, not, • we shall be able to forget about the depression when prosperity returns—as it will, one of these days. And if we forget about it, and I'or the World War, Secretary Mellon hits on a truth that is becoming mor'e and more apparent to thinking men each day. "I have lived through several crises," says Mr. Mellon, "and the conclusion I have come to is that they have been caused, either directly o.i 1 remotely, by serious dislocations which were due, as a rule, to wars and their aftermath." ; That cannot bo, repeated too often. War is a ruinously expensive business, and the smallest) part of its cost is the money thai is actually spent on armies and ammunition. General recognition of the fact ought, eventually, to make war between civilized nations impossible. Modern Fagins When Dickens wrote "Oliver Twist," it was .generally taken for granted thai Kagin, the professional corrupter of youth, was about ns scoundrelly a chiiracter as any novelist could invent—too scoundrelly to exist in real life. Compared with some of the 1 underworld nits] of .today, however, Fagih looks almost like a gentleman. What, for example, would Dickens make of the Cleveland bootlegger who was convicted of hiring a 15-year-old boy to undertake the dangerous work of "hijacking" litiuor from rival bootleggers— at $5 a gallon ? Dickens probably would be interested, too, to note that this modern Fagin got off with a year in the workhouse and a ?500 fine. There are times when the charge that we coddle our criminals seems to have a bit of truth. The. young astronomer who helped discover the planet "Pluto" plans to enter college. He's one who'believes In hitching his wagon to a star. Those college men searching for mastodon remains In Texas are probably the only students who can toll boner publicly, and get away with 11. The proper method of pnlne culture' Is being shown In a government film. Makeup men will Instinctively, eradicate the wrinkles. "They're n dumb lot in Hollywood. When I was there they said they wanted brunets — and when I show tip the ncxf day blonds." with Muck hair, they say the demand is for sell received instead loud applause. Th? declaration of Husscll that the United States was fightinj only because- the democracies of the world were in danger, and that alter democracy was safe Die peop!p would turn to social reform, was cheered to the echo. • NT. Tchcldzs. president of .the Council of Workmen's ami Sol-, tilers' Delegates, in replying to Russell's speech, said that Hie democracy of Russia wa.s built 'on the same foundation ;is that of the United States, and Hint Hussl". would carry on the war until mutual aims were achieved. NEW YORK.— From a physical; standpoint, Hell's Kitchen appears us ttepresslngly ramshackle as ever. Its tenements present the same uninviting appearance. But Us reputation as an wisavory and unsafe neighborhood has been fairly well erased during the past five years. An almost complete turnover in population has been partially responsible. And an army of Irish cops, who were just a little bit tougher than any of the Bang- kids of the "kitchen," took a lot of "playfulness" out of tha harder mugs. The newcomers to the district make up a vast colony of Poles and Greeks, peaceful folk who work hard and live thriftily. It was this change in population that brought also a push-cart belt that Is now second only to the historic East S!de curbstone market. The famous old fighting Irish-American stock has .moved on to other sections. Those left behind liave changed with the times. Even In its most terrifying days, "the kitchen" knew no such rack- cheering and gangsterism as exist today. The Irishcrs may have liked their brawls and their youngsters may have been as tough citizens as could be fonud In Manhattan, but the fear they Inspired was quite different from that caused by the cowardly guu-lacttcs of the moment. A man irho writes things on his cuff, observes the oflice sage, usually has something more up his sleeve. OUT OUR WAY By Williams The bullel-salurated "Legs" Diamond was a fairly typical gradual'?, since he started his career down by the Hell's Kitchen docks as a hoy-thief who lifted packages from parked trucks. The dock section in ihe mld- Forttes, which \vas rt stamping ground for young gents such as Diamond, now has a mlxcd-Qcr- m;in population. LittLo eating spots appeal to sailors drifting into l»rt. The windows reveal miniatures ol famous ships and a. seafaring atmosphere pervades the neighborhood. Pink-cheeked and clenr-complexloned fraulcins may he seen in garbs resembling those of European bar-maids. And there are these who will tell you that, if you know your way around these parts, yon can .come upon a good glass of beer. • • « And now comes word that things don't travel fast enough in this town, so they're going to speed ho elevators up a bit. The newer buildings will have 'express" elevators that travel 1200 feet per minute, which is 500 feet faster than they have gone before. The "speed limit" on elevators was set at 700 feet to the minute, but the increasing height of buildings has caused o change. • • • And here's one on Hollywood, which is fast becoming one of favorite gag-towns. Largest Elephant, 'White' One for Amusement Park PORTLAND, Ore., (UP)—"Tus- fco" is proving to be a "white" elephant for an amusement park here. It looked like a profitable deal when the park bought "Tuskfi", the largest elcp.hunt in captivity from a circus. '« The plan was to exhibit the animal all summer .then civc him to the city TOO, eliminating wintei 1 hay bills (or the |»rk and at the same lima making a gesture of civic patriotism. Afraid "Tusko" might .charge through the park, ihe management kept the animal securely chained. The Oregon Humane Society threatened arrests unless some of the chains were removed. Then Stanhope Pier, city park commissioner, declared that as far ns he was concerned, the city wouldn't take "Tusko" if a bonus of hay was thrown in . HIGH PITCHED TONES/ A SW4&WOF 0EES STOPPED TRAFFIC WHBH Tf-iEy ALIGHTED ON A TREE BR4KCH OVER.- HAHGIHG THE STREET „ CHURCH EXCUSES = By George W. Jews and Christians Plan Roundtable Meet Some time ago 1 told you how I started off with our church after I took o\'.?r the management. I told you how they had been spending money for missions and carin 1 ? for the poor even burying some of them.' Sending .some orphans to the home and I found a tow items where they had sent or rather paid some hospital bills. After repeatedly telling them this was a violation of the church laws and that th.«y were subject to prosecution by tlie generalcouncil or what they call it. Some of them including the preacher said they did not care if it was, against the law it was right and proper to help the rtocdy but as I am head of the church board I stopped all such nonsense and began to save money tlinq without a preacher. A great many of the members .lilher moved away or dropped out, and as I never could stand for a revival as they call it there has been no new ones corns in. And we have done no missionary work. Let the jxjor care for themselves and the dead bury the dead as it were and at the end of my term as chairman of the board our cash balance is thirteen dollars and pome cents, but that's better than being in debt. Kansan Steals from Truck To Get Food and Bed NEW YORK, N. Y., (UP) — The New York oflices of the National Conference of Jews and Christians liave announced that the conference will hold roundtablrs of Protestants. Catholics and Jews at Washington. D. C., next February 2 and 3, at which 500 leaders will meet for discussion of important. present day religious problems. The Washington Seminar will I convene with the objective of focusing consideration njjon the dissolving of racial prejudices which influence' economic, social and civic relations In the United States. Also, the Seminar will attempt to formulate, a mutual understanding between the religious and cultural 'groups of the United States. SUNBURY, Pa. (UP)—Uncmploy. ' ed and hungry John Hicks, 55, for the church, well that didn't t Kansas City, stole a package from suit a lot of them. They said that a United States mail truck here be- a church that was not missionary in its work was a dead institution. Can you imagine a bunch of church folk attempting to advise a man of my ability. I think they are the most ungrateful lot ol' folks in the world. Here I am giving my tin-,*, my learning and unquestioned ability and some money to work out the church problems and putting the church on a cash basis and tluy complain and seem to loose interest.. All in cause "jail will be paradise after my experiences," he told oflice rs who arrested him. He came 'here in getting work with a the hope of circus but found that there were no vacancies. Weak and emaciated lie grabbed the first package he saw on the truck and walked up to a' policeman. "I just stole something and want to be locked up," Hicks said. the world I ask them to do is toj The policemen believed him'drunk attend church nnd put in the mon-1 and locked him up. Then he told ey I do not even want their ad- ' lls story, vice or suggestions. • I don't need that kind of help, well I rim it my way lor fifteen years. Most of the I home and food. As the theft was made from the | mails, United'States authorities will probably see that Hicks has a Manhattan's About 15 years ago, a big film Recently, It may he recalled, P. G. concern found it convenient to lo-1 Wink-house imported that he had cate a large plant in the very i been out In the Bollywoods for a heart of "the kitchen." For years, employes who were detained by night work left only in a body, and ycnr at it salary of $2000 a week, and couldn't figure out what he had drawn It for, since tl« domos SAMPSON'AMD DEUV.AH frequently with police protection, had given him particularly notli- , When George McLaughlin be-1 Ing lo do. came a police commissioner he sent The producer of "Once In a Life- so many fight-loving cops into the time", a travesty on this sort of district that the gangsters grew, cinema experience, wired Wodo- tlrcd of getting the worst of it. j house urging that the funny writ- In the older gang days, this | cr appear in the play. "The sud- nelghborhood was looked upon as: den work might prove fatal," a pretty good recruiting ground. I Wodohouse wired back. Fever May Be Reaction of Body Against Disease IBY DR. MORRIS FISHBE1N higher point. When the tempera- Editor, Journal of the American Medical AssotlaUon, and of Hy- Itcia, the Health Magazine Whenever anyone has a fever his metabolism Is increased. Formerly all fevers were believed to be h*rin- ful and tlte first attempt of the physician was to get rid of the fever as soon as possible. It is now recognized that fever may be a reaction of the body against disease. lure reaches Its maximum, the regulator begins to work, giving Hi; blood increased circulation through the skin and this throws olT enough heat to maintain Ihc body at a fairly constant level of temperature. One of the best known methods for reducing fevers is the use of baths with lukewarm water, which help to eliminate the heat from the and physicians arc not so anxious j surface of the body to get the lever lowered. j Ilu . cstfgatora . havc , mmd tnttt During a. fever there Is an In- , f or each degree of centigrade rt.<e creased production, of heal. !lo-,v-! nl ti, c body temperature there Is a ever, the amount ol heal produce:! ! 13 , wr cen t increase In heal pro- Is no greater than that experienced i diictfon. An Increase of three dc- durlng moderate exercise. The roa- jg rws O f centigrade in temperature son for a rise In body temperature ! means an increase In metabolism Is primarily Interference with dim-, f rcm 30 to 00 per cent. This nny Inatlon of heat. A rise in tempera-1 a iso explain the great loss of weight [lure, therefore .means that the host j ajjoclivlcd with long-contlTiucd production is increased and the high fevers. There Is a toxic do- amount eliminated is Interfered Mriiclfon of body tissue; indeed ^J with. When the temperature reaches » certain high level and stays theme, physicians understand that balance has been reached be- investigator estimated that a low twttn heat production and heat elimination. In fevers^ the heat regulating mechanism IS adjusted to a higher level. In other .words, the thermo- lUt that c6htf61* Iwat U sv', av R \ the destruction of proteins dnrln? fever is more excessive than that secured by starvation. OKU German of 500 grams of muscle during pneumonia occurs not Infrequently. The reserves of carbohydrates or sugar are. however, burned first. Cwritr News Want Ada ray, ana the Vacation Paradise at Us Door All ihe pleasure] a shore vacation holds, plus the lure of a great world center, male Chicago The Vacation City. Famed Michigan and Wiscomm resorts are nearby. Splendid stcamtn ply the Great Laics on luxurious round trip cruises. Arrange (o go. No travel worries. 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