Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 7, 1977 · Page 11
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 11

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Logansport, Indiana
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Friday, October 7, 1977
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Page 11
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y, October 7, IK? ThePtu KTribi .LotUMport.lml.-ll New Insurance By BERNARD BRENNER UP! FARM EDITOR ^.WASHINGTON (UPil 'Agriculture Secretary Bob Bergland says he plans, to ask . Congress lo authorize a new. nationwide crop insurance ^ystem to replace the government's current, patchwork collection of disaster' aid programs for farmers. . Bergland. talking recently with farm editors, said the current system is a "Mickey Mouse" bundle of special disaster . payments for t some farmers and other, .programs including 1 subsidized livestock feed sales and loans., "1 want to replace it all by a comprehensive insurance program on all price supported crops, and maybe other crops, available on all .farms in the United Stales," the agriculture .secretary said. . Bergland's department has operated a federal crop in-: surance program for many years. But It does not reach all parts of the.country, and the agriculture secretary says that even where jt is available.some farmers find it unsatisfactory. Under the new program which is being reviewed by White House officials before being presented to Congress, Bergland says farmers would be offered their choice of three levels of insurance protection. Under a basic policy, farmers could buy protection covering their out-of-pocket costs ifor items like fuel, fertilizer and seed. As. a second choice,- al higher premium charge, producers .could buy a policy covering out-of-pocket costs plus an allowance for other 'expenses such as machinery . depreciation and taxes. • Finally, as a third choice at a •still higher : cost. the farmer could buy a policy covering all his costs including land rental charges or mortgage payments. Bergland said premium rates would be set on a crop by crop basis, and would be calculated to make the program "actuarially sound" over a 20-year . period. If the White House approves the plan and Congress adopts it. • Bergland said the insurance system which now operates through a department corporation — the Federal Crop Insurance Corp: — would be handled by the department's "nationwide network of •'Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Committee offices.. Switching the program to the ASCS, the agriculture secretary said, would help correct one of the problems which has plagued federal crop insurance in the past — setting realistic insurable ."normal yields" for individual farms. In the past. Bergland said, the FCIC has; set yields "in a computer in Kansas City" which often produces results too low to make farmers willing to buy insurance. . Under the new plan, Bergland said, insurable normal per-acre yields would be set in the counlv ASC offices where officials have good; local knowledge of the productivity of individual .farms. Congress already has begun paving the' way for consideration of a program of the kind Bergland intends to propose soon. In passing, a four-year omnibus .farm bill -which recently became law, farm bloc leaders .'included only a Iwo-year extension of disaster payment ' programs for grains, cotton ana rice, to allow for the possibility .that a new federal insurance program might .soon become law. A .House agriculture subcommittee headed by Rep., Ed Jones. D-Tenn.. already has _begun holding hearings on ^possible new insurance programs and the issue is expected to gel serious consideration on Capitol Hill early next year. Help Needed To Stop Divided Germans United As Gardeners Soggy Fields 'In the corn fields north of the city on the surface crops look about average (Top Photo) If you take a closer look (Bottom photo) you, can see what perslstant moisture can do to a root system. ^Farmers need dry calm weather or face harvesting downed corn. (UPI) Foreign Investments Subject To Sovereignty Of Host Country By CHERYL ARVIDSON WASHINGTON (UPI)'- The Japanese government and private investors, with an eye on increasing the country's food supplies and helping to hold down world food prices, have invested a substantial amount of money in agricultural projects in the United States and other countries. Japan's Ministry of In- ternationa) Trade and Industry- has reported foreign investments totaling $19.4 billion at the end of 1976. An estimated $576 million, two thirds of which went to Asia- and Latin America, was invested in foodstuff manufacturing, agriculuture and forestry production. An article in this week's edition of Foreign Agriculture estimates the Japanese farm and food Investments in North America at $99 million, in- cluding U.S. food processing firms, cattle, corn and tropical food production. ,Although the percentage of U.S. farmland belonging to Japanese investors is miniscule, the article said a substantial amount of money has been invested in real estate such as hotels and condominiums. .Most Japanese land acquisitions in the United States since the 1940s have been on the West Coast and in Hawaii, usually for other than agricultural purposes. Although there is. some evidence that the Japanese are in the market for U.S. farmland,; the article noted that data is skimpy since only one state, Iowa, legally requires a systematic report of alien land acquisitions. There have been reports that the Japanese have purchased farmland on the North Carolina coast, that a firm, Fuji In- concerned are concentrated on ternational, owns a farm in the West Coast., mostly In Oregon and ' that: another . 'California, while investments in Japanese firm is producing , agricultural production and the mushrooms in Georgia. The main holdings, however, relate to "food processing and' production. Included -In the agricultural investments is a Joint; JapaneseAmerican venture to process tropical fruit produced on leased land in Hawaii, .a. California almond orchard and top priority on food and energy a subsidiary that procures raw .'"supplies, and is encouraging materials - for production of ' ' almond paste, a Wisconsin firm producing soy products and a California company producing Japanese noodles, both for the U.S. market, Also, there have been Japanese Investments in a Colorado feedlot and an Illinois grain company. Pood processing firms with which Japanese investors are HAMBURG, West Germany (UPI) - Politics, walls and, barbed wire borders do nothing to separate the diyided German people In their common love of gardening. . , In both West and, EastvGer- many, private plots of small gardeners contribute importantly to the economy and Improve the surroundings. Last year, East Germany's small .gardeners not' only produced fruits and. vegetables for their own use, but also delivered 172,000 tons of fruit and 74,212 tons of vegetables to the state trading organizations, says Erich Wegner, first secretary of the EaslVGerman Association of Small Gar*- deners. West German small gardeners generally produce only for themselves, But in the past several years of rising .prices and unemployment;;vegetables seem to have replaced flowers in a majonty'of their plots In both West and Bast- Germany, gardeners contribute significantly to maintenance of a friendly environment and to the provision of places for city dwellers' rest and recreation. ;grain trade are scattered. A sma11 - l ! lled plot is known' Japanese investment In as ' a "Schrebergarten" The fishing and seafood processing W™* commemorates Daniel are almost exclusively m -'Merit* Gottlieb Schreber. a rith Alaska and the Northwest/ <-e? turv Leipzig doctor, ,*ho while forestry Investments are believed" the poor of thatrclty inAlaska and California needed a. healthier diet -con .vegetables and fruits. The .idea spread quickly across the country, giving birth to a peculiarly German • in- stttution, ' • ,. At least three .times, : "Schrebergarlens" saved tens of thousands of- Germans: during the food shortages of World War I. during the years, of the Great Depression and during the hungry years following World War II. About half a million of West Germany's 62 million families cultivate small gardens. The proportion is much greater in East Germany. There, one in every eight families tills its own garden. Although East-Germany has a population of only 17 million, it has 620,000 "Schrebergartehs." Germans love to have parties ontheir garden plots. The air is clean there, and the noise of the city recedes to a distant -hum or disappears altogether *!0ur garden is the only place we really can relax?' an East German woman said in a recent •letter-to western relatives. "Jt is the only place where we can either stop talking politics or. if we do talk politics, not have to worry about who- might .be" listening." ROBERT WILSON Wildlife Biologist , The illegal killing of wildlife, littering and landowner abuse has closed hundreds of acres to hunting in Indiana within the last few years. In order to reduce the number of violations and insure the. future of hunting.and trapping in our state, the Indiana Department of Natural Resources needs your help. An Indiana Conservation Officer's violation report form , has been added to the 1977 Indiana Hunting and Trapping Regulations brochure. You may obtain a copy of this brochure from your Conservation Officer, from those places where licenses arc sold or by writing to the Division of Fish and Wildlife at the stale office bldg. If you see a violation, complete the violation report and contact your local Conservation Officer. If unable to do so. you may reach the Enforcement Division at- Mississinnewa where the North' Regional Headquarters-are located by calling 317-473-9722. Remember, accuracy and speed are essential in making such a report. It will do little good to get your report several days after you have seen the violation, especially, if additional investigation is needed. The future of sport hunting and trapping is being endangered by abuse of hunting and trapping privileges. Those who enjoy hunting and trapping and want a place to engage in this sport must be sure they operate within the .law and help lo see that their fellow sportsmen act 1 ikewise. There is no place in today's society for the deer poacher, game hog, litterbug and those who abuse , the landowner. Honor yourself as a true sportsman and report the violator promptly. And be wilting to appear in court and testify if necessary. Just a reminder — during the deer season from November 19 to December 3 a deer hunter must have on a vest. coat, jacket, coveralls, hat or cap of Hunter Orange. It is illegal for any person.to kill or cripple any wild animal without making a reasonable effort to retrieve the animal and include it .in his daily bag. Be sure that you ask permission before hunting or trapping on private land. Remember, hunting is a privilege, not a'rigtrt. Producers May Request Loan After Harvest The article said It appears the taming more vegetables ' and Japanese government places/" 11 "At, his municipality ur'glng, agreed- to the rent' Committee Terms Expire investments In those areas v small plots of unused land on Although,;'' some Americans • tte outskirts 0 ( the cityto poor may be hostile to or fearful of families who planted them In this type of foreign Investment, the article said in the final: analysis, "All foreign-owned ' assets In Jhe United Slates or, elsewhere ultimately are subject to sovereignty of the/ host country. -And this is a lacl" thai foreign investors must live; with." cabbage and other New Farm Bill "Bitter-Sweet" Emergency Loon Dote Extended WEST LAFAYETTE - In light of the deteriorating farm income situation, much of the agricultural community found - the President's signing of -the new farm bill a "bitter-sweet occasion," Purdue University Dean of Agriculture Richard L, Kohls said Tuesday. "It was sweet because It indicates that some help may become available," Kohls said. "It was bitter because it signals the return of Federal price support and production control activities that many fanners find distasteful." The 'Income situation developing on farms Is a serious one. Kohls said. Average.net farm income per farm this year has declined nearly one .third from the peak year of 1873.. "When the increase In consumer price* is considered — farmers like urban people-buy most of their living necessities, at these prices — the pur chasing power of 1977 farm income will be less thnn in the late 1960s," Kohls noted. "Purdue economists expect a further drop of about 15 per cent during this coming year:" "Farmers and all other working groups of our .population have-struggled to keep income up with inflation," Kohls said, "Farmers have been . losing this battle." The relationship between prices Hoosier farmers received for their products "and the prices of' Items .thai farmers pay to produce''those products has fallen to 90 percent of the 1967 situation, he notes. In 1973, incomes of fanners reached a parity with non-farm incomes. This year, farmer Incomes were only 80 per cent of non-farm incomes. Next year, the outlook Is for an even less favorable relationship. • "To older farmers, this seems a re-run of an often repeated story," Kohls said. "Several times in the past the farming^ community has been urged to sharply expand production to help alleviate a.. national, emergency. After'' the emergency subsided/farmers found themselves .faced with falling incomes as the increased supplies were more'than a normal demand could bear " The farm income situation is Farmers in Cass County who wish to apply for farm emergency loans to cover losses' caused by this year's drought and other natural disasters may still do so. The deadline has been<ex- Burgtjr Meat CHICAGO *tUPI) - The ground beef best for hamburgers, sloppy joes, chill and spaghetti sauce..is not the preferred type for meatloaves, meatballs and beef casseroles. The National Live Stock and Meat Board recommends slightly leaner beef for the not only a problem of farmers, • Kohls concluded. In Indiana for every dollar change in net fann Incomes, the Incomes of nan-/ tended from September 30 to farmers change » 25. - vl December 2,1977. "• "The expected sharp income. 1 ; The extension has been or- decllnesofHoosierfarmerswlll j dered by,/ Secretary of certainly be felt on the main Agriculture Bob Bergland The streets of .towns and cities '. Secretary's' action was taken under requirements of recent emergency loin legislation (PL95-89) signed by President Carter. -,<i<-i V . " "' <>'- For more Information contact Robert :Eugene" Williams, throughout the stale," he said. latter Uibhes: with 7o-ito pel' •cent, lean meat, compared with 70-7$per. cent lean for the first '(our dishes. ; The least fatty of all, 80-85 per, cent lean, is suggested for low- calorie .diets, patties and recipes that combine ground beef with vegetable*. The terms of two Loganland couples on the Indiana Farm Bureau Young Farmer, committee expire al the end of this year Those committee members are Richard' and Sue DeLawter '• of Rochester and Herd and Peggy Cnmmins of Lucerne New officers and members of the 1978 committee will be announced in the November "issue 'of the Booster Farmer magazine, .Farm 'Bureau officials said. The new committee members will assume their responsibilities Dec. 4 at (he state convention in Indianapolis The Young Farmer committee is responsible for Initiating new ideas m the development of Farm Bureau policy Walnut Trees '•<* Indiana has some of the most valuable walnut 'timber In (he world. A single walnut tree can be worth over $12,000. By BOB MOORE Cass County ASCS Of flee The CCC Corn and Soybean Loan Program makes money available after the producer files his request at the County Office. The loan program provides for the farmer to redeem and market his loan collateral, and strengthens market prices through orderly marketing. For 1977. corn and soybean loans, the. producer may request a. loan after the crop is harvested. Any producer's production of corn or soybeans are eligible for loan. All loans will mature on the last day of .the eleventh -calendar month following the month in which the loan was disbursed. The interest rate on these loans Is 6 percent. The Cass County loan rate for 1977 corn is $2.05 per bushel. The soybean loan rate is $3.53 per bushel. Farm stored loans are available on 90-percent of the quantity of, shelled corn or soybeans if. the producer certifies as to how much grain he hasjin;.tne Bin. A -farm stored loan .can be made on 85-percent of ; .the quantity for ear corn if the farmer certifies how much grain lie has'in the bin.,-All quality certifications by producers are subject to spot check to 'determine- the. accuracy of certification.- ..",-. Farm 'stored shelled corn and soybean loans may be computed on a 100-percent basis provided the producer requests and pays for measurement service. Farm stored ear corn loans may be made on a 90- percent basis provided the producer requests and pays for measurement service. All grain in bins must be leveled before requesting measurement service. On warehouse storage, loans, as in the past, the producer presents his warehouse receipt as collateral. The price support loan rate is based on the value of (he quality offered. ; The quantity eligible will be that shown on'the receipt. At the present lime, we have no ap-' proved warehouses in the 'county. Grain under price support loan remains the property of the farmer until the loan maturity date. He is free lo redeem it and sell it anytime, with prior approval from the county office, that it is to his advantage to do so by repaying the principal plus interest. NOW IS THE TIME FOR YOUR AG-LIME TO BE PUT ON S*. or Coll FRED DEAN 735-3635 Vie* Budding ttwn*. like. ' County ' Supervisor, "Farmers Home Administration. 109 E. Franklin St., Delphi. IN 46823. "Make a solid with Wick." Choosing the right agri- building and the right company to build it isn't ' easy. That's why your Wick i dealer offers you complete "programmed construction:' with help in planning, building and financing. He has dozens of solid Wick buildings to choose from. HA VIN^ElECTRICAl PtOBkEMS? •ffUdifcalUMb REPLACEMENT CATTLE For Foodlot or Posturo. Pro-Condltlonod or Now ArrtydsWotflcly. METZGER C ATTIE CO. INC. CJay»»ollM. Gilbert Raderstorf 100 «• M> Proof. 100% Cna Mn- UnlSiMi PndtKMlU.SA.ClMr fm~*~mmm* QIU«BM>M | 626-3243 -' RE5HXNTIAL& COMMERTIAI WEAK UCENSfP - aONKD - WSU«n , BOB HALL & SONS GfNEMlCONTRACroiT

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