The Brooklyn Citizen from Brooklyn, New York on August 26, 1900 · 15
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The Brooklyn Citizen from Brooklyn, New York · 15

Brooklyn, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 26, 1900
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HIE BROOKLYN CITIZEN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 26, 19)0. MOST DREADFUL . t OF ALt FATES. Society Organized to Adopt legislative Means to AVERT PREMATURE BURIAL ThU Has Been the Study of Doctors and Others la Many Lands-The Apparatus Designed by Connt , ' Karnickl Assemblyman, Gale'a . Bill. ' On July 2.", article of Incorporation of "The American Society for tho Prevention ' of Premature Burial" were tiled with the Secretary of State of New York. The objects of this association are tmtlicicntly indicated hy its title, and may he hummed up ' in the phrase "advocacy of such legislation as will do away with the danger of a too early interment.'' ' "But," it is often asked, "what methods are to be urged for the prevention of premature burial 7" And yet no plan has been adopted by the society. This will be determined at the first meeting of its members, which will bo held early in October. There are, however, three ways, one or more of which must be chosen. These are: First, the German (mortuary) system; second, the French (test) system; third, the Russian (Karnice) system. ' In Germany, Hufcland ia Wcimer succeeded in bringing about the enactment of laws which were afterward adopted either entirely or in a modified form at Frankfort, Dresden, "Munich, and Berlin, and to which all the leading cities are now subject. . Take the law of Munich as an illustration. Medical inspectors are appointed .whose duty it is to carefully examine each deceased person before a certificate of . burial can be granted. Mortuaries are established with physicians and nurses in attendance. Each corpse is put in a sepa- , rate and! well-lighted cell. In its hands is placed a rope connected with a bell so that at the slightest movement aid will be summoned. Hot baths electric appliances and ' other methods of resuscitation are at hand. It has been said hy many that none have ever come to life in German mortuaries, but this is not so. Numerous instances in which this has occurred are cited hy Dr.' Gauhert in "Les Chambres Mortuaires d'Attente." An acquaintance of the writer, Colonel Vollum, late medical inspector in the United States army and co-author of 'Yremature Burial," was recently assured by a German medical officer of high standing that there were probably a dozen persons now alive who had come to life in the cell of a Munich "dead house." ' '' Unfortunately, local laws' are Tery strict against divulging information of this kind, and records of revivals are kept secret, for somewhat of a prejudice exists against the dead-alive.' : The fact is worthy of note that Colonel Vollum wa6 himself once declared to' be dead and only revived in the nick of time. . ' An indication of tWe way in which the inhabitants of Munich regard their present system is found in the fact that the city lias recently constructed a mostimptuous mortuary at the Southern Cemetery, which surpasses nnything of the kind hitherto attempted. ' In Frnace, burials are not permitted before twenty-four hours from the time when an examining physician has visited and in- speeted the body. It may be observed that while this rule is strictly adhered to .in the larger cities, it is somewhat neglected in ' 'the rural districts and cases of premature interment are not by any means infrequent. Although a mortuary system has never "been in vogue, it cannot be said that the authorities are indifferent to the importance of the subject. Prizes have been of- ' 'fered again n"hd again boj by the Academy and by private individuals for a meth-odty which the existence of death.may be Infallibly determined. Maay theses have been written and in several instances have ' prizes been actually awarded. Up to the ' present, however, it cannot be Raid that any determinative test, of death has been found except putrefaction. Rigor mortis, cessation of respiration and circulation, lack of transparent appearance around the edges of the fingers held up to the light! mucus covering the eyes each of these signs of death have been found in persons who were merely in a state of trance. It ' was thought at one time that the sought for test had been discovered in applying a lighted match, re4-hot iron or boiling water to the body. If a blister charged with water formed, life was not extinct. Even this, however, proved unsuccessful. Because of this failure to find any sufficient test. France has not as yet attempted "to provide by statute what methods shall be adopted by the examing physician. - It is deemed sufficient to appoint competent men of wide experience whose judgment ' may be relied upon. , ' 1 ' Now as to the Russian system, so-called not because it is In force in that country, but by reason of the nationality of its' inventor. Some years ngo. in the neighborhood of Warsaw, Count Michel de Karnice Karnickl, Chamberlain of the Ciar, was requested to' assist at the funeral of a young girl whose family resided on one of bis estates. Urgent business detained him, so that he was only in time to meet ' tho funeral at the cemetery. The casket had just been lowered, and in a few moments the earth would have closed over the rcmnins'Si'hen indistinct sounds were heard emanating from the coffin. At the Court's order, the casket was opened and it was found that the supposed dead woman had come to life. " '' Impressed with the Importance of the subject, Count Karnickl determined to perfect some method which would remove any ' possibility of permature interment. After much labor and many failures, be Invented the apparatus ' known as "Le Karnice." This consists of a tube, four Inches in diameter, which rests on the casket and is connected at the other end with a rectangular metallic case, containing signals. This metallic box alone is visible above the grave, the other parts are buried' in the ground. A metal rod passes through the axsis of the tube, plunglag the lower ei)d Into the casket and Is placed In communication with the signals of tho metallic box at its upper end. The part of the rod In the casket . terminates with a ball placed from one and three-quarter to two inches from the sternum of the interred person. Should a movement of the body tnkc place, the hall is dii-placcd and by the aid of a simple inechanNm the box is PC -lie., - Tit Ecuiiig c lh box rcbusM various signals. A metal globe or a flag is prominently displayed, a light flashes and a bell is rung. At the same time tho burled person receives air and light, even at night time, and his voice is carried through the tube and may be heard within a large radius. Nowas previously stated, the society may adopt either of these methods or a system which shall bo made up of two of them. An rumple, of a combined system is found in a proposed act drawn hy the writer and introduced at tho 1807-tHUH and 1808-1800 sessions of the Now York Legislature. This provided for mortuaries in the larger cities and towns and in addition (sud this was to he in effect lu tho smaller villages as well) a certificate hy the attending physician as to whether he had found certain signs of death. Thcso varied in the two aots. As finally fixed upon, they were: 1. Permanent cessation of respiration and circulation. 'i. Purple discoloration of the dependent parts of the body. .'J. Appearance of blistering around a part of the skin touched with a redhot iron. 4. The characteristic stiffness known as rigor mortis. . " H. GERAXD. CHAPIN. 5. Signs of decomposition. At the last session, the Hon. Cyrus B. Gale, of Jamaica, L. I., prepared and introduced a 'proposed act drawn along other lines. This provided for the use of such apparatus as might be approved by the State Board of Health. There is scarcely any subject upon which the medical and scientific worlds are move divided than as to the danger to be apprehended from premature interment, and it is unfortunate indeed that in this country and in England but ("light interest has been takea it the matter. The practice of many physicians in giving certificates- of death without having inspected the body is a great Bource of danger. At present, in lour larger cities, it is a common occurrence for doctors merely on being informed of their patients death, to fill out and sign the usual certificate. This is done time and again. The body is then given to an undertaker who injects the embalming fluid or places it ou ice. Fremature interment is undoubtedly thereby prevented but is this method of killing to prevent, suffering, to be commended? Certainly it is better to die by the scalpel than to endure the frightful and prolonged agony of asphyxiation, bnt should we hesitate to employ a method which will do away with all dangers? Even if the evil he not so great as is feared, yet if but one of the many thousands who are yearly laid away, be saved from the horrors of a death too awful to contemplate, any law which the society may finally decide to advocate will have amply justified its existence on our statute books. H. GERALD CHAPIX. A PREDATORY LAUNDRYMAN. Wandered Through the - Boarding House Taking; Shirts as He Fennd Them. t "One meets with some strange adventures in hoarding house life," said a young professional man of this city. "Recently I moved Into a new establishment where most of the lodgers are seml-Bohcmian in their habits, and the prevailing ethics are delightfully free and easy. On the second day I returned to my room to find that every particle of my linen bad disappeared Shirts, collars, handkerchiefs; everything. Somebody had been there in my absence and made a clean sweep. 1 hunted up the landlady, who said, languidly, that she didn't know a thing about it, and not caring to impugn the honesty of my fellow boarders en bloc I was forced to let the matter drop, and bought a limited outfit to tide m over for the time beiag. A few days afterward I was awakened in the morning by a curious droning chant, something like this: i " 'Where ; is iy wandering boy tonight?" "I opened my eyes and saw a fat Chinaman of the mission Sunday school brand sitting in my rocking chair singing, with his pudgy handa crossed over his stomach. 'Good heavens!' said I, 'is this a Boxer raid? What d'y' want, . you moon-eyed pagan? 'Me bling yon clothes. he replied, smiling blandly. 'Clothes,' I repeated, in amazement 'What clothes?1 You Iaun-dly,' he explained, and went on singing. 'Then a light dawned on me. 'Did yon take my linen, you plump pirate?' I inquired. 'Yep,' he said, nodding sagaciously. 'Me clnm along, nobody inside; me catche lanndly.' Such enterprise deserved reward, and I got up and paid the bill. 'Do you do that with everybody here?' I asked. 'Yep,' he replied. 'Well, don't they ever kick? said I. surprised at such a go-as-you-please system. 'Nope,' said he; 'mW the mans hare one shirtee wear, one shirtee wash. Want laundly qulick.' Since then I have hafi a Yale lock put, on my door, and unless my Mongolian friertd geis a jimmy. I hop- to bang on to my belong '-tassi'.'at&s? Orleans Ximes D.ciUQ.aaL ; WEALTH JN APRICOTS. More of This Fruit Grown on the Slope Than in Ail Other States. SECOND TO ORANGES As Money Maker Largest Orchards in the World The Gathering; of the Frnlt Apricot Picking Is Easy The Blenheim Apricot Runs Larger Than Any Variety of Apricots. Thousands of men, women and children are busy from dawn till sunset these dn.vs in gathering a part of California's golden wealth. The apricot harvest is in progress in a dozen valleys in central and southern California, and six days in the week there nie acres covered with drying fruit, and canning factories are hives of industry. Roughly estimated the present apricot yield is worth $2,250,000 to the State, and the same estimate has it that there are between 40,000,000 and 46,000,000 pounds of apricots grown in California this year. The growing of this peculiar golden fruit on an extensive scale is limited in America to to the Pacific coast and especially to California. There are a few apricots here and there in spots sheltered from the cold weather in winter in the Eastern States, hut generally the eastern apricot grows no larger than a common hickory nut. There are small orchards of apricots in the south of France, in Italy and in Turkey, and larger ones in Japan, but nowhere in the world are apricots grown on the wholesale plan of California. The product of this fruit in California is more than treble that of all the rest of the world. In five or six years more, when the thousands of young apricot trees now growing in this State come into full bearing, it is likely that the annual yield of apricots in California will be upward of 100,000,000 pounds, and that the product of the rest of the world will be Insignificant hy the side of it. The growth of the horticultural interests in California in the last decade is most wonderful, and the increase in the area of apricot orchards has kept pace with that of prune, peach and orange orchards. In 1870 there were but 1.200 apricot trees in the whole State. Ia 1885 the peach, prune and apricot crops were worth to the or-chardists of California about $270,000. In 1S95 they were worth over $1,200,000. In 1885 the total apricot yield in this State was about 2,800,000 pounds, and in 1890 it was 18.000,000 pounds. The State Board of Horticulture for California reports tha acreage of apricot orchards at about 82.-500 acres, and it is roughly estimated that some $4,800,000 is invested In apricot orchards, the drying houses and all the appurtenances to growing the fruit aad getting it ready for market. The apricot orchards in Santa Clara county, in the vicinity of San Jose, are the largest m the world. Several orchards there are over 100 acres in extent, and many cover fifty and seventy acres. The total acreage of apricot orchards in Santa Clara county is over 5.000 acres. Then there are large orchards ia the Sacramento valley and through Sonoma and Merced counties. In southern California Ventura couaty produces the most apricots, and this season has some 500.000 pounds ot this fruit in preparation for the market. Pomona valley is another important producer of apricots and last year had some 6,000,000 pounds of fruit, or 350 carloads. In California the apricot grows, with good care and plenty of moisture in the ground, to the size of hen's eggs. The Royal and Moorpark varieties grow as large as the common Crawford peach, and three of them commonly weigh pound. The apricots of all' other parts of the world arc seldom larger than English walnuts, and have an acid flavor that is not known in the California product. Tha fruit is smooth skinned, has a free stone, and the flesh is of a, deep salmon tint. Apricot trees are "shy" bearers, and with all that science and the arts of horticulture may do they cannot make the apricot a steady bearer year after year, like tho fig, the orange, lemon or plum. One year the apricot trees will produce so heavily that the orchardist must early in June begin daily to put props nnder the overburdened limbs of the trees, or they will be rent asunder by the limbs tearing away from the parent trunk. The next year, in spite of extraordinary care and ample fertilization and pruning, the same tree will yield very scantily, to be followed the succeeding year hy another enormous crop. The gathering of the apricot is the first work of the grower of deciduous fruits toward his summer harvests in the orchards. Along about July 1 the orchardist In California and his men will get from the storehouse hundreds of fruit trajs. each . a ynrd sqnnre, sn Inch deep and made cf thin gluts nailed, to a tyor. frame. , The trays are repaired and mado ready for another season of drying service, beginning with aprK'otsf ml ondingwitb raisins In late September and early Octo ber. The public schools close in June, so hoys and girls by the ten thousand are ready .for.the fruit harvest, when the apricots have turned to butter yellow at about the middle of July. Men, women ami children look forward from the orange picking and packing season to the time when' they can earn money in the apricot harvest. There are lively scenes in the orchards when the pickers begin their work. Apricot picking is ensy; the trees are comparatively low and symmetrical, and the picker, standing on a step-ladder, with a basket suspended from his nei k, pulls away tho fruit at arm's length. Ai regular intervals the? ranchman comes viih a horse and wagon and carries the fruit to the drying hoiixe. Here is the liveliest sniic of all. If It is on the property of a man who grows apricots on a larae scale that is, in an orchard of forty or fifty acres-there are several hundred women and children working at long ions of tables. The apricots are run down the middle of each tabic in chutes by the cartload, so that the fruit is easily reached hy all of the workers at the tables. From the slicing tables the trays, covered with halved apricots, each turned skin down, are piled on cars ou a little narrow tramway, and arc run to the bleaching houses. These are . heap wood structures, the size and shape of the common railroad switchman's shanty. The trays and car are run into the bleacher, where a heavy cloud of sulphurous smoke is started at the bottom and fills tha structure. The fruit is kept in the sulphur fumes about ten minutes, and when tbe trays are brought out the apricots on them are perceptibly lighter colored, From the bleaching houses the car on the tramway carries the trays and fruits to the drying yard close at hand, where there is no dust and where the sun may shine on thorn all day long. The grousd is covered with clean cloth and on this cloth the trays are arranged side hy side. Often an area of five or six acres is covered with dying fruit. In Pomona valley several co-operative fruit concerns have drying yards of fifteen acres each. The total pack of apricots in California last year was a little more than 4Oi.000 cases of .canned fruit. The fruit canneries buy only the best of the apricot crop. When the season of apricots comes around the canners have contracts for its season's "buy" of that frnit The grower must furnish a product of a certain size and weight; he must have his crop carefully picked and hauled to the cannery so that no bruises mar the fruit. After the growing of oranges and lemons there is no fruit that in so general a money-maker for the horticulturist as the apricot. A bearing orchard of apricot trees, carefully cultivated and in good soil, will safely be worth to the horticul-ist anywhere from $100 to $1S0 an acre each year. Several hundred orchards brought even $335 an acre in 1800. There are aeventeen distinct varieties, of the fruit in America, and eleven grown in California. There are, however, but three varieties known by the rank and file of horticulturists. They, are the Royal. Moorpark and Blenheim. The Royal is the favorite variety. It grows in almost any well-watered soil, and comes to full bearing at six years of age, when it will often produce about 250 pounds to the tree. The Royal originated in the south of France, and was first brought to Tali fornia in 1SR2. It has proved the best of all adapted to the soil and climate of the Pacific coast. The Moorpark came from the gardens of the duke of Manchester in England, and is best adapted to tbe colder and more moist climate of northern California. It is a poor hearer in southern California". The shipper of green fruits to the Eastern market finds the Moorpark the best of all for keeping purposs. The Blenheim apricot originated in California. and the frnit runs larger than any other variety of apricots, and is the favorite with canners for its size and juiciness. Trees that have proper soil and careful attention bear some fruit when three years old, and about fifty pounds of fruit per tree when but four years old. Horticulturists say that such rapid growth is not known elsewhere in the world. FISH SKIN LEATHER. Many Articles Made Out of a Hitherto Unused Product. The United States Fish Commission has been making a collection of leathers made from the skins of fish and othef aquatic animals, especially of those which promise to be of practical utility. Several varieties of fishes have skins Hhat make an excellent leather for aome purposes. Salmon hide, for example, serves to well in this way that the Eskimo of Alsska make water proof shirts and boots ont of it. They also cut jackets out of codfish skins, which are said to be very serviceable garments. In the United States frog skins are coming into use for the mounting of books, where an exceptionally delicate material for fine binding is required. There are certain tribes of savages who make breastplates out of garfish skins, which will turn a knife or a spear. A bullet will pierce this breastplate, but It is said to be impossible to chop through the material with a hatchet at one blow. Together with such a breastplate, these ssvagea wear a helmet of the skin of the porcupine fish, which is covered with formidable spines. Fsstened upon the. head, this helmet serves not only as a protection, but in close encounters it is used to butt with. , ,v . The Gloucester Isinglass and Glue Company recently manufactured some shoes of the skins ot the codfish and rusk. On the lower Yukon, in Alaska, overalls of tanned fish skins, and instrument cases are commonly covered with the same material, it being known under the name of shagreen. Whale skins are said to make admirable leather for some purposes, while porpoise leather' is considered a Tery superior material for rasor strops. Seal leather dyed In a number of different colors ia included In the collection of the Fish Commission. This leather is obfsined from the hair seal, and nt from the fnr bearing species, and is used to a considenible extent in the manufacture of pockptbooks. The hsir seals are still very plentiful in the North Atlantic Ocean, and as it is not difficult to kill them they afford a very promising source of leather supply. Walrus leather has come Into the market reeentlty, bnt as the animals are being exterminated rapidly it will hardly amount to much commercially. Another kind of leather now seen on sale ia that of the sea elephant. I'p to within few years a species of ea elephant was found on the lower Pacific coast, ranging as far north a1 Lower California, but the animals have been so nearly Ater-minated that they are now rarely seen. Another species is to be f"und in the Antsrt-tic scss, chiefly "on Kerguelan Isind. New Euglasd Grocer. THE HOME OF MAGIC Modern . Miracles and Miracle Workers in Thibet. A COUNTRY LITTLE KNOWN. Marvellous Sights Witnessed by Travelers A Revolting Exhibition in Which the Body Is Horribly Mutilated, bnt the Wounds So Healed That Not a Scar Is Left. The country known to English-speaking folk as Thibet bears a very different name among its own people. It is called Bod, or Bod-yul, "the country of Bod." The name Bod probably refers to Buddha, Thibet being the headquarters of what is termed northern Buddhism, in contradis- VICE-CONSUL GENERAL tinction to the Buddhism of Ceylon, which is spoken of as southers Buddhism. In India proper Buddhism is no longer a dominant cult. Though ostensibly Buddhists, the people of Bod are in reality slaves to Lama-ism. a system of theology which has been defined as "Buddhism corrupted by Siva-ism and by Shamanism or spirit worship." Shamanism is the dominant cult of Mongolia, aid is a system of demon worship rather than spirit worship. Thibet is regarded by students of tbe occult as the home of magic, and whether or no there be "Mahatmas" in that wild and weird land, in which the late Mme. Blavatsky, the high priestess of theosophy, it is claimed, served a seven-year apprenticeship in the magic art, we have it on the most respectable testimony that the lamas of Bod-yul can and do perform feats which have not yet been explained in terms of science, and which can only he classed as magical. The performance of the Bokts, or wonder-working lamas, ars quite as astounding in their way as those of the Indian fakirs, who are Mahometans, or of the Sanyahis. of Yogis, who are Brahmins, but they are usually terrible and revolting. A Thibetan Bokt, who had wandered from his native land and penetrated as far as Benares, gave an exhibition of his wonderful powers in one of the vsst temples of the holy city a few years sgo. He was accompanied and assisted by a mongrel crowd of half-human compatriots. The exhibition promised by the wonderful magician was truly an astounding one. He proposed, in view of all beholders, to rip up bis abdomen, remove a handful of intestines, display them to the spectators and then replace them again and heal up the wound by a few magical passes, leaving no vestige of the damage inflicted. Needless to say such exhibitions are not everyday occurrences, and the ordinary globe trotter might traverse India from Cape Comorin to Nepal and not be fortunate enough to witness so marvelous, if revolting, a spectacle as that in question. When the hour of noon arrived the lama appeared and took his seat before the raised altar, on which candles had been lighted. Before him was a radiant image of the sun, and on either side of the altar were grim idols which had been placed there by the attendants. The lama was in person a small, spare man, with fixed, glittering eyes, an emaciated frame and an immense mass of long black hair, which floated over his shoulders. He appeared altogether like a walking corpse, in whose head two Waxing fires had been lighted, which gleamed in unnatural luster through his long, almond-shaped eyes. .He was about foity years of sge, and report alleged that he had already some four times previously performed the great sacrificial aft he was now about to repeat. From the moment this skeleton figure had taken his seat the seventy fakirs who surrounded him in a semi-circle began to sway their bodies back and forth, singing meanwhile a loud, monotonous chant iu rhythm with their movements. In a few minutes the gesticulations of the fakirs increased almost to frenxy. They tossed their arms on high, bent their bodies to the earth, now forward, now backward, now swung them around as if thrown by the hands of others. Meantime'ltheir nio-xtotonous chant rose into shrieks and yells to frightful that the eara of the lisfeuers were deafened and their senses distracted by the clamor. On every side of the auditorium braxiera of incense were burning. Six fakirs swung pots ' of frankincense, filling the air with intoxicating vapors, while six others stood behind, beating met-al drums or clashing cymbals, which they tossed on high with gestures pf frantic exultation. For some time the howls, shrieks and distracting actions of this maniac crew produced no effect on the immovable lama. He sat like one dead, his fixed and glassy eyes seeming to stsre into illimitable distance, without heeding the pandemonium that was raging around him. - "Can he be really living J whispered one of the awe-strnck EnKlTstrmen tji his oetsh-bor; but thi question ftas speedily an- ' ;j , A j fly : swered hy the series of convulsive shuddering which at length shook -the lama's frame. Ilia dark eyes rolled wildly, and finally nothing bnt their whites weraifto be seen, spasm after spasm threatening to shiver the frail tenement and expel its quivering life. The teeth were set, auu the features distorted as in the worst phases of epilepsy,' when 'suddenly, and just as' the tempest of horrible cries aud distortions were at its height, the lama seized the long, glltteriug knife which lay across his knee, drew it rapidly up the length of the abdomen and then displayed in all their-revoltiug horror, the proofs of the sacrifice in the protnullSig intestines. The crowd of awe-struck ascetics bent their heads to the earth in mute worship. Not a sound broke the stillness hut the deep breathing of the spectators. At leugth one of them, who had witnessed such scenes before, addressed the living crea-tur fur living he still was, though he uttered no sound nor raised his drooping head from his breast and said: "Man, can you tell us by what power this deed of blood is performed without destruction of life?" A dead silence ensued. The living corpse moves. It raises its quivering hands and scoops up the blood from the wound, bears GUDGER, OF PANAMA. it to the lips, which breathe upon it. They then return to the wound, begin to press the severed parts to gether and remake tho mutilated body. The fakirs shout and send up praises to Brahma; the drums beat; the cymbals clash; shrieks, prayers, invoca tions resound on all sides. The fragrant incense ascends; the flute players pour forth their shrill cadence; the harps of some European servants stationed iu a distant apartment and previously instruct ed send forth strains of sweet melody amid the frantic clamor. The ecstatic makes a few more passes, and after wrapping a scarf previously pre pared over the body as if to cleanse it from the gore in which it was steeped. suddenly he stands upright, casts all his upper garments from him and displays a body unmarked by a single scar. Gesticulations, cries, shouts subside; low mue-murs of admiration and worship pass through the breathless assembly, and then the Bokt, claspjng his thin hsnds and elevating his glistening eyes to heaven, utters, in a deep, low tone, far different from the shrill wail of the half-dead sacrifice, a short but fervent prayer of thankfulness, and all is finished. A Florentine traveler succeeded in pen etrating in disguise to Potala shortly after the death of a Dalai lama, and describes what he saw in connection with the rein carnation of the Buddha, who had taket up his abode in the body of a young child. An altar is ready in the temple to receive the resuscitated Buddha found by the initiated priesthood, and recognized by certain secret signs to have reincar nated himself in a new-born infant. The baby, but a few days old, is brought into the presence of the people and reverentially placed upon the altar. Suddenly rising to a sitting posture the child begins to utter in a loud manly voice tbe following sentence: "I am Buddha; I am his spirit, and I, Buddha, your Dalai Lama, hare left my old decrepit body at the temple of and selected the body of this young babe as my earthly dwelling."' The Florentine says he was permitted by the priests to take the baby in his arms and carry it off some distance, so as to satisfy himself that it was no trick of the ventriloquist." The infant opened his eyes aud gave him such a look that it made his flesh creep, and then repeated the same words, so there could be no mistake about it. This account is confirmed by Abbe Hue. who states that the child answers questions and tells those who knew him in his past life the most exact details of his anterior existence. This incident is inexplicable, bnt it is not without collateral support from independent sources. Home Magazine. ' Controlling One'a Sympathy. It is commonly said that no man or womaa can be perfectly happy, in thia world, for if all that was necessary to make one happy fell to bis or ber lot, un happiness would creep ia through seeing the suffering and sorrow of others. This sympathy with the world of people around us serves us many valuable lessons, ana we would not eliminate it from our lives if we could. But we have no more nght to be prodigal with our sympathies and emotiona than we have with our fortunes. It is as much our duty to hold our powers of sympathizing with others under control as it is to curtail our passions. Ex cessive expenditure of nervous energy for others is a crime npoa our own natures, and we have no authority to justify us in its commission. Yet the man or woman who sees only the gloomy side of life will waste energy and emotions in this way if there is no other channel through which they can be expended for self. A clear comprehension of the sufferings in the world is necessary for onr well-being, but undue brooding or emotional sympathy over them will accomplish nothing but evil, We merely add to our own burden without lightening in any degree whatsoever that of the world. A. S. Atkinson, sr. P.. In the - September "Woman't H'im Com panion. . POLITICAL METHODS IN COLOMBIA Described byjhe. United. States - Vice Consul General Gudger. ' .... TAKE THE FORM OF REV0LU-( TIONS. , Recent Trouble Was Merely an Ef fort of the Liberals to Oast the Conservatives They Used Gnus Instead of Ballots Were Unsuccessful in Their Efforts. (Special Corrspondancs of Th Cltlgfa.) ASUEVILLE, N. C, Aug. 23.-Th ; revolution in the Republic of Colombia has been in active progress since October, 181V,), t ud, for the nrst few months was confined to the Departments or States of Tolinia, Santander and Cundinamarca, and in these places the first fighting took place. The two opposing factions are nothing; . more or less than two political parties. That at present in power, or the Con servatives, and the one out of power, Of the Liberal party. The party lines are distinctly drawn, aa for instance the Liberal party is opposed to the church aud favor a freedom of speech, and the prcsn, while the present Govern ment stands for the qpposite. The Conservatives havo been in powe " for about liftcen years without a break, and with tbe exception of a small agitation ia 1893 without opposition. The present trouble has been, according to hearsay, brewing for several years, but as I hare stated, did not really come to tha surface until October of last yesr. ' - It wils not until the latter Dart of March, 1900, that it was positively known that an armed force of revolutionists had Panama as an objective. About this time a small party of Liberal left Corinto, Nic, with something like 150 r 200 men and 500 stacks of arms. They landed in the northern part of the Isthmus of Panama in what is commonly known aa the Cheroqui country, and easily captured that section and established a Government of their own. Tbe Panama Government made several attempts to dislodge them, but on each occasion the two forces failed to come in actual contact with each other. For something like a month the revolutionists were organizing snd recruiting and then started overland in the direction of Pa Damn. At the small pueblo of Chame about the 1 middle of May the two forces met. It was discovered at this time that the Revolutionists numbered about fifteen hundred men, and after an attack by some eight hundred Government troops, on intrenchments occupied by a section of the Liberal forces near the above mentioned town, the Government troops retreated to the coast and thence to Panama to await the final attack, on the city. This attack was slow in coming and It was understood that theLibera1s were expecting aid from Ecuador in the shape of a small steamer from Guayaquil with arms and ammunition, and during this time the Revolntionsists were intrenched in and around the small town of Choroero, about sixteen miles from Panama. Later developments show that the Liberals moved against the city of Fanama the latter part of Jnly and demanded either the surrender of the city or that the Government forces come out and meet them in the open, outside of the city. This was intended to protect the city of Panama and foreign interests, in and around the place, from the barm of the fighting, and while the Government forces did not go outside and fight, still tha fighting did aot take place In the city proper, but en the outskirts and at aome distaace from the business portion, near the Panama terminal of the Panama Railroad. At this place the Government forces had intrenched themselves and were evidently in strong positions. After several days of fierce fighting and on the arrival of 800 troops from Baran-quilla for the Government, theLiherals surrendered n fir M-Pansms sifrt-tbe surrounding country is concerned the revolution is at an end for aome time ta come. " ?' ' This, however, depends on whether th liberals in other parts ot the Republic prove Bueccessful or not Should they gain in the interior and get the reins of the national government in their hands, then, in all probability, Panama would once more become an objective, owing tq the important position it holds commercially and strategically. The surrender of the Liberals, now leaves Panama under the same Government as before and with the same condi- ' tions existing. Since American interests are so great at this point and owing to treaties between the Colombian Government and the United States, it has been the part of tbe United! States to watch, carefully, the aituation on the Isthmus and to see, at all times, that transit is not stopped or interfered with, and while this does not strictly apply to internal trouble in the country, yet they could stop transit as effectually as an outside attacKy. and this desire on the part of both gocernments to keep the Isthmian traffic open and) clear has been respected to a great extent, by both the Government and the opposition psrty. Francis A. Gud-ger, Vice-Consul General. The Disappearing; Shaken. Few people know that the birthplace of the Shaker religion in New England is Harvard, a picturesque little Massachusetts town about forty miles west of Boston. It was here that Mother Aon Lee, ' an English woman, came in the summer of 1781 with a little band of devoted followers to expound the doctrines of her faith. To-day there are two settlements of Shakers in tha neighboring towns of Harvard and Shirley. During the last fifty yesrs interest la the Shakers has gradually died out. snd the membership all over Xew England has grown smaller and smaller. As there are never any births in a Shaker family, the only hope of growth lies in taking in new members from the outside. Of course the logical result of stu b a theory is that death will deplete the ra-Hx, and so to-day the communities at II n -vard and Shirley" are not as lars prosperona as they were once. A lm- proportion of the two fsmilies are old t, and women, there are few young it"!, to take their places in the years to rn Boston Hersld,V "

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