The Brooklyn Citizen from Brooklyn, New York on August 18, 1895 · 11
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The Brooklyn Citizen from Brooklyn, New York · 11

Brooklyn, New York
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Sunday, August 18, 1895
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THE BROOKLYN CITIZEN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 18, 1895 TWENTY PAGES. 11 FOUNDED - ON THE ROCK. Ciiilding'the Cathedral of St. John for AH Time. THE BASE FOR THE TOWER. Vast Excavations for, the Great Edifice on flornlngslde Heights- Dim- V t . - cuttles Overcome. ' Rapid progress hat recently been made ,-' with the concrete foundation of the Protectant Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the , Divine, on Mormugside Heights, Now York City. -j " It it expected thnt-ithjn two month the V foundations for the choir and the lofty cen-' tral tower of the cathedral will be complete. ' including the massive pier of dressed gran-i t which begiu at the floor of the crypt ni ascend to the level of the main floor. Many traveler on the Tvest aide elevated 'i railway have been looking for month, past f out of the, window of their trains as the passage over the high cujye at One Hundred and Tenth street was made to see some sign of the work which ha already been done PlW Or CHOIR AND TRANSEPTS OF THE CATHEDRAL Or ST. JOHN THE DIVINE-Oonoreu FoundMlons Shawn by Light Shading snd Grsnlta Pillars by Dark Bhiultng. I reward the erection Of the cathedral, says the New. York ''Times.' All they have been able 'to. discern are the mast and boom of one huge crane which hangs lazily Over the vac-nut site' where the great cathedral is to stand. The old building of the Leakt and , Watts Orphan -Asylum i still oceueies the foreground, aid the white, buildings of the hew St liukfa Hospital occupy the background to the north. . 7 : ' ' In spite M these apparent signs of inac-Itivity, as maW a a 260 men have been employed at on4 tjme imevcavating the earth -and soft rock and carefully placing the lay- i ers of concre which are to bear the iin-tmense weighjjof the cathedral. ' So much k the Morningsride plateau is I" hard .rock thjt when .the site for the cathe-Idral was finally chosen it was believed that ! a sure foundtion could be laid without dif-I ficulty, and it a comparatively small ex--pense, when he. ultimate cost of the catbe-j iral waa conidered. When practical work 1 was begun, bwever, it was discovered that 5 between thcWcroppingsof sojlld rock lay J treacherous lockets '.of earth and rotten atone. One i these pockets lay. right umler the place whfrftone of the four main piers i which are tosupport a stone tower 85 feet i higher than .lie o-oss of 8t Paul'a in London I waa to- be ejected; A shaft 40 feet deep Hrom the levi oi.the plateau failed to reach the bottoms this particular pocket, and it wo said af the atne that the trustees of the rathedralywere (greatly alarmed lest they shou d yt compelled to move the site, thus invojrin the moving of the cornerstone, whien-'fad received the blessing of the ohur-h Snd had been declared to be well and truly laid. i.In spite of the decadence of uperstitlon, ,a .tremor went through the mills of largernilinbers of devout Proteg-tat. Episcopalians t the bare rumor that thossdbility of moving the cornerstone had noj discussed. The omen Was considered uiropitious for the fortunes Of the new ca-thirsL.and a feeling of dismay was en- gidered which threatened to check the y'gress of the great work. ; appiiy lor tne menial peace oi tnose no were averse to shifting the cornerstone'; .lid rock ,was. shortly afterward found at depth of ' forty-tive feet from the surface, i prder to- make assurance doubly attre, essrs. Heins and La Farge, .the architects the cathedral, made experimental borings a depth of twenty feet below the appear-e of solid rook at the bottom of the icket, thus making sure that the living ;ok had been reached at last. Nothing en remained ;but to excavate the earth . soft rock down to the solid ribs of thq rth itself. v - ' " ' " . -. .' . Po do this was a work of great labor and pense. J. J. Hopper, the contractor, has eaily taken oyt 25,000 cubic yards of ma -ial. Built in a. square pile, this amount I'xcnvation would measure-170 feet long. 0 foet wide and 40 feet high. This 'would nboiit half the bulk of an .ordinary city lick,- ;.-".'; ' .. ' When the hard rock was reached, It wits j-eled into steps wherever tt did not lie Iturallly horlsontal. Then its surface was j ailed with wire brushes, washed with !e and brooms, and Bnnlly thoroughly jied, the smnll drippings of the water be-: removed with sponges. ' '; ' j The height of Morningside plateau at s point is lis feet above sea leveh Tne .rage depth of excavation was Iff feet, il tlii -greatest depth 46 feet. The con-id is hiude -up. of one part of cement, two rts of sharp sand aud three parts of ivel, mixed dry, and measured by ma-ncrr. It is laid down in level courses m S to 10 inches thick. Then water is ued on It and the mass is rammed hani th twenty-pound rammers. Each layer allowed to solidify over night, and next ruing a thlu coating of cement mortnr plastered nver It Another luyer is then 1 and finished under the same condition, this way 11,000 cubic yards of concrete .. t l J !t 1 .! -iJ e nirrniiy uevu uuti, mm n in rnuuinira t 2,0(X) more yards will be required to lplete the foundations for tho choir and tral tower. Up to an even height of i foot above the sae level, this concrete i been laid without any opening or re- Mes. in tne remaining iweive icet inero ;l be canals for pipes and other tinder-- nnd structures. j he importance of having this huge mass i concrete flawless will be readily be in-' i-ed from th weight which will rest n the four piers which are to carry the it.ral tower. The weight pf the new i nhattan Life Building, with its twenty ' ies fully loaded In dally use, will b . KK,000 pounds, ' The Weight Of the cen-i tower of the new cathedral, with Its j urtenanec-s, will tie 130,000,000. In other (l., earh of the four piers marked A in diagram will have to carry more than ' the weight of the whole Manhattan Building. . . 1 "hen the foniulatlons of the cathedral completed tha trustees will begin the J -Hon, of the choir. This will front on j oust, standing close to Morningside ave-j West, overlooking Harlem plains, and nil view from any elevated point in the hern end of Central Park. Only the ii structure of the choir will he erected , irst, the erection of the small chapels. 5 h are intended to enrich lis hase, he-1 postponed until some more opportune ;c tower, which will rest on the four i marked A, will be next constrocti-4. With the transepts, this portion of the work will be 200 feet wide from north to south. The tower itself will be 443 feet in. height, and will easily be tha most prominent object on Manhattan Island, standing BS7 feet above the sea levnl. The, nave, which is the longest of the three parts into which the cathedral has been divided fur convenience of erection, la Jhe longest division. It will not be begun until the chuir and transepts have been completed. - PROTESTANT CHURCHES, ,,,, ...... , y -A' - n Monday night witnessed the laying of a corner atone of the Wyokoff Heights Church. J Its location is at Harmon street, near Wyck-off avenue, a section of the Twenty-seventh Ward, which is thickly populated. Services for many months back have been held In a store on Wycfcoff avenne and the Christian Endeavor Society of the Classon Avenue Presbyterian Church, the originators of this religious society, designed the new church edifice and this will be completed at an early date. " The Rev. Joseph Dunn Burrell, pastor of the Classon Avenue Presbyterian Church, has felt more pleasure in the success of the Wyckoff Heights Mission than in an other undertaking accomplished by the younf Kn-deavorers of his church, ' . " Last Sunday Rev. John F. CaTsqi), of thfc Central Presbyterian Church, preached after a fortnight's absence spent at Grecupoinf, L. L " The Rev. Charles W. Hawks will preach to-day in the Greene Avenuo Presbyterian Church. . ., ' The Rev. Dr. John L. Bacchus, rector of the Episcopal Church of the Reformation, on Gates avenue. near Classen. canitot enjoy his vacation without coming to the city Once a week to mark what progress is being made in the erection of a new chancel. The Rev. 'Dr. Chauncey W. Brewster is not in the city, but his church continues to hold services and the Rev. R. E. W. Cosens is proving himself sn admirable substitute. The Rev. Dr. John Rhey Thompson, pas tor of the Nostnsnd Avenue M, E. Church, preached his last sermon before departing from the city in that edifice on Aug 11. He is sojourning at Bethlehem, N. H., and the Rev. Frank JXarsland, his assistant, is in charge, y t The Rev. Dr. J. O. Wilson, of the Simpson M. E. Church, has probably been disappointed if his intention was to take absolute rest from all ministerial labor during the past fortnight, as he has been visited at his cottage, in Sunset Park, in the Catskills. more .frequently than he can enumerate, and persuaded to cpnduct services ut the principal churches thereabouts. Dr. Behrenxie will not preach in his church until the second Sunday in September, although the Central Congregational Church (jpens on the first Sunday of that month. The Rev. Dr. James H. Darlington, of Christ Church, on Bedford avenue has been much worried over his son's sickness, which is probably the cause f his own inability to attend to nis church werk with the customary ease and spirit which has long characterised him. The Rev. Dr. Cartwright may be seen almost every Sunday afternoon at his newly-formed mission on Knickerbocker avenue. The services at that place attracts hundreds of residents in that vicinity. The Rev. J. M. Simonton, of Orient. L. I.. who has been supplying the Rev. J. A. Bill-ingsley's place in the Bethany Presbyterian Church on McDonough street, near Howard venue, is dangerously sick at home. St. Timothy'a P. E. Church.-.on Howard avenue, near Atlantic, the Rev. W.- Irving Stecher rector, is progressing well during the summer months and tne pastor is busy in his visitations ot tne sicKt . ., -... ... : A NOTED OLD HOUSE. One of the - Residences in Georgetown and Something About Its History. There Is a hotfse In Georgetown which from Its foundation had, .(t foreign. influence about it. It is a large, substantial,, though unpretentious mansion, minus low wjndowsi, turrets and other accessories which mark the modern dwelling. It stands at the corner of Twenty-ninth and N streets. It waa planned by the owner, a man of fine attainments, literary tastes and a great linguist. He held office under the Govern ment, and not having a surplus of the "need ful,": ws compelled to mortgage the house. The money was loaned from, the estate of the celebrated Polish patriot, General Thad dens Kosciusko, by Colonel George Bom-ford, the owner at that time-of beautiful Kalorama. v , ; The owner did not live long to enjoy his comfortable home, and his widow was com pelled to rent it .in: order -to pay- off tha mortgage. The first foreign tenant as Count Montholon, whose father was exiled with Xapoleon Bonaparte. His' wife was Vic toria, daughter of General XJratiot. The Count was a charming man and most agree able 3n all his businesa dealings with her, whom he termed bis-"amiable landlady. Tho Minister from Mexico was. the next foreign tenant, bnt he died shortly after taking the house. . . ' . Baron Gerolt lived eight years In the house, and was sd pleased Srith it that he made a proposition to purchase it. The Chevalier dc Potestad, of the Spanish Lega tion, whose wife was the beautiful Miss Chanman. granddaughter of the celebrated Dr. Chapman, of Philadelphia, Waa a tenant during tne war, ana wucu mere was a sear. hre on account of the Southern troops being uear the capital, promised to hoist the Spanish flag should .the place be invaded. - n . Th house did not Inck for distinguished American tenants. R. Barnwell Rhett, of South Carolina, a noted secessionist, succeeded Count Montholon,, and purchased from him his elegant Parisian furniture; Mr. Allen, an editor from Kt. JLouis; Uov. trnor FtilLHL Senator from Arkansas: Colonel Charles Ellet, the great engineer; Mr. Worthiagton, a gentleman of wealth, whose daughter married Colonel William II. Philip, a lawyer of note in Washington, and ouievs, asnmgion oiar. s Don't Favor Polar Expeditions, The venerable' French "Academie dea Sciences" has his to say on the scientific fad Of sending out polar expedltiona "North Tolo expeditions are very laudable; we approve of the Idea, but we would not take the moral respoiiUi;tty therefor." The eminent French savants very sensibly think it a pity that so many valiant men should risk their lives In icy deserts when they might render actual service to science by following, less perilous pains. jcx- change. Altitude and Hnetci-la. By means of varied and exhaustive tests, a 8wis scientist hs established the fact that not a sinf'e microbe exists heyoud sn altitude of ,ixKJ teat awvo eea-letel. ARTISTS AND THEIR WORKS. Julius , Ruger and His Bright , : Boys and Girls. WORK OF A CRAYON ARTIST. Nr. Llttlcfleld Has Renounced Art for the Bar - McCord's Denshire fishing Boats and Moore' Sea Pictures. r In spite of the heat iSd humidity, Artist Julius Roger still sticks to his stsdio in the Germania, and says no.' amount of bad m weather can, drive WiaVutof the city or away from his easeU JI h; just finished a very excellent crayon pi tne late William htcarns, of this city.' Mr. 8tcars was a blank book manufacturer in New York city, and died some time ago. Crayons now adays have to be of a superior character, so that the public can dflt'ect at a glance the good from the bad, and there is a good deal of inferior stuff now in the .market. A glance at Mr. Ruger's pictureill show that it is the work of a craftsman of unusual ability. Mi'. Roger has also in his studio a pastel of the late Fred Ktelns, the singer, and Ferdinand Munch, the brewer. Mr. Steins is now dead about ten years. He was a fine concert singer, and was a mem. ber of the choir of the Church of Our Saviour, on Pierrepont street, when Rev. Dr. Putnam was pastet. Miss Amalle Rugcr, the oldest daughter of the artist, is now at Highland Beach, N. J., making a number of sketches. She has just been pro moted to the life class in the Brooklyn Art School. In the wsy of children Mr. Roger is about as well , blessed as William M. Eyarts, The artist has five boys and three girls, and the boys arc here reproduced. The sons represent all professions, and, like their father, they are Democrats. On the recommendation of James D. Bell, one son was an aspirant for German interpreter in the courts. He got 02 per cent, and thus stood highest in the civil list, but, like a good many others, he ws disappointed, and the place of interpreter on Justice Steers' court went to a Republican, who was put there through the machinations of the Board of. Aldermen. . John Littlcfield has renounced art for law. He studied law under President Lincoln and ho now has an office in the Arbuckle Build ing.. . . ' , . Mr. uooper nas received ior a, eroomynjie MnCord's hie nicture of "Devonshire Fish ing Boats." The picture is worthy of a place hi any gallery, but the owner forbids the use of his name. "The Magazine of Art for September is bright and breezy. The artU'le on Henry Moore, R. A.., is written by loving hand and the illustrations of his sea pictures are unexcelled. Of Mr. Moore's work the writer baa this to say: "As sen painter the artist stood alone and there is not one that can be named with him. Mr. ,Hook regards the sea rather as a motif as pictorial material rather than as an object to be examined with the eye of the naturalist and reproduced on canvas in ell its beauty and with truth of effect. With the great Dutchman no less than with painters of the stamp of Clarkson Stanneld. the sea was . a connection rather than a problem to be realised for its own gake, and even Turner was apt to generalize in dealing with the moving mass ot water. The sea's green transparency brightened by the sun's rays has now been truthfully rendered by Mr. Walter Shaw aud Mr. Obson; it gray fury and dust of spray by Mr. Brangwyn; its smooth lazy oiliness by Mr. W. L. Wvllie its swift tumble by Mr. Colin Hunter, but no one., has hitherto so com pletely grasped the jiatural qualities of the ocean as Henry Moore nor translated them i - J1ALE SECTION OF on to canvas with such masterful 'bigness, Such' unerring skill." - ' ofooHrse. the "Citizen" readers have read of the death of Artist Thomas Hovenden, who loss his Ufe in trying to save a child end both were killed at Norristown, Pa. Mr. Hovenden was an artist of unusual power. The fourteenth autumn exhibition of the National Academy of Design will open on Dec. 23 and continue until Jan. 11. Announcements have just been sent out to tie artists, end paintings will be received on Dec. 10. 11 and 12. The varnishing day will be on. Dec. 21. , , ' . This year's jury selection will be made Mp of these ertists: William HBesrd. J. R, Brevoort. Gilbert Geul. Robert C, Minor, B. H. Blashfieki, J. Wells Champney, K. L. Henry, Thomas Moran. Robert Blum. M. F. H. de Haas, David Johnson, William Morgan, J. G. Brown Frederick DlelmaH, William H. Lippineott, . Walter L. Palmer, George B. Butler, J. H. Dolph, Wiliam Magrath, George H. Yewell. , Messrs. Gilbert Gaul, Robert Blum and. Walter L. Palmer will constitute the Hanging Committee. .... ' , ... . In the Department of Schools, which will open for the season on Sept. 30. the inatruc? tors will be Edgar M. Ward. C. Y, Turner, F. C. Jones. J. D. Pniillie, Olin L. Earner and Frederick Dlelman. The prizes for which the students may compete are the Elliott medals, Silver mid bronze, in the antique classes; the silver and bronze Simla ni med els in the life classes the HaHgartenr. prises in the painting "and composition clesse, and the William F. Havemeyer prize of 7.)0, to be used in foreign study. -. J. ML, Tho True Principles of Ref rm. - All that is worth anything to the people, in any reformation, Is a moral end. AH moral ends radst bo achieved by moral means. Moral means are the best patf of a moral end. Moral means nover fail. They elevate the people; their moral and intellectual character is higher at the end than at the beginning of the course. They not only attain the end they have In view, but acquire the moral capacity to enjoy it; just ss a man who works for his bread acquires an appetite, a relish for that bread, which makes It a luxury. No weapon formed by man can prevail against moral means. With .them one can chase a thousand , armed men. "By moral means, dynasties, despotisms and all tha strong-rooted systems of oppression may be overturned, without leaving a footprint of violence on the earth, without the utterance or emotion of single feeling of ill will. Br mnral uieana alpne can all the disintegrating forces of society prejudice, hatred and all that separates man from man, class from class, and raoe from race be overcome, and true union and brotherhood be established. And if we revolutionise with moral means; if in any government we can- turn and, overturn more radically than the Jacobins or tliroiv. dines sought to do in France, and that without the periietration of a single crime or the shedding of a single drop of blood, may we not defend ourselves from aggression and invasion by morat means? Besides, all reform to be lasting mnst be from within. Surface polish may be very showy and even beautiful, but the gloJs is soon worn off by contact with others. That which is Ingrained will alone stand wear and tear and last to the very end. It is the moral forces that reach to the heart, the cor of humanity, and run outward to its farthest circumference. Bond of Brotherhood. HOW HE OPT MIS TITLE. " He Claimed that General Grant Placed Hint q Colnmtnd. The cobbler wbo mended my shoes, states a writer for the Washington "Star," was named Bigly, and he -was always called "General," which somehow did not quite comport with my Idea of the cobbler. True, he had been Jk soldier during the whole of the rebellion, but just what kind of a soldier I do not know. True, ulso, he had lost bis leg at Gettysburg, but it was u dozen years after the war In the accidental upset of a traction engine dragging a thrashing machine into a field. Still he was "General Bigly" in the common parlance, aud one day I asked him abont it. "Weren't von in the army'f" I mquired. "Yes, sir," ho answered proudly and promptly. "See much fighting?" "From April, 'HI. to September, Go. "I notice that everybody calls you 'General.' What was your rank? Were you a General '!" "I was In command of the Army of the Potomac, sir," he said, as truthfully in tone as any mau I ever heard speak. "Oh, come." I laughed, "I never beard of a General Bigly in command of that army. You are giving me guff, as the hoys say." "It's true as gospel." he insisted. "Tell me shout it. if it's ?ll the same." "Well, you see, it was this way," he said, pegging away at the shoe in his lap, and not looking squarely at me. "I was in the Army of the Potomac when General Grant took charge, and I waa a sergeant. You see, I used to know the General out in Galena when he wasn't so much, and he was mighty friendly with pie and made me his orderly. I used to go every place with him. ridin' over the field and that kind of thing, and sometimes there wasn't nobody but me and the General ridin' around for miles together. Well, one day we had rode out along the road and we come to a little place where, a man lived that could make the finest mint julep in the whole State of Vir-ginny. I knowed about the place, and so did the General, and- when we struck it I could kinder see his mouth waterin', fer mint juleps didn't grow on trees in them days jn Virginny. When we got opposite the gate, the. General sorter stopped his boss and looked over at me, and I shut down one eye soft and easy." " 'Bill,' savs he; he always eslled me Bill in private; 'Bill.' will you do me a favor?' Anything on top of earth. General,' saye I. 'What is it?' " 'Will you be kind enough to take command of the army while I (f in here and get a mint julep?' '"Of course I will, General,' says I. straighteuing my back as if I had a ramrod stuck down it, and comin.' t a salute, " 'Thanks,' says he, .'and please hold my boss at the same time.'. . "Then he went in, and for about fifteen minutes I sat there o my boss like Napoleon crossin' the Rubicon, and was in command of the Artnyof the Potomac, and ever since that time the hoys have called me 'General,' and I didn't see any use of saying that they shouldn't"4 It didn't occur to me to ask tbe "General", for an affidavit to back this rather remarkable story of his, but I famy if I had asked he would have readily- furnished roe. on, for the "General"' wasn't a man to let little thing like an affidavit interfere with a war tale, ' -.:, PHOTOGRAPHING IN COLORS. Explanation of the Theory of Color Photography. An important paper on the theory of color photography is contributed to No. 6 of "Wiedemann's Annalen," by Herr Otto Wiener. The paper deals with the methods of attacking this problem, which are based not upon the photography of the different constituents of colored light and their snb- ' sequent recognition, like Mr. Ives' heliochromy and similar processes, but upon the direct production of color by the influence of light upon certain chemical substances. The most receut and in a way the must successful of these methods is that due to Llppmann. and the question raised by Herr Wiener is wbethertheald processes in- THE RIKJER FAMILY. vented by Becqnerel, Seehfrk, and Poitevin are based upon interference colors like Lipp-monn's, or upon "body tolors," i, e colors produced by partial absorption of the incident light That. Llppmann's colors are due to interference may be very simply proved by breathing upen A plate with photograph ot the spectrum, .when the colors quickly wonder toward the violet end, this result being due to On increase in the distance between the nodal layers., This experiment cannot be applied to 41 spectrum photographed by Becquerel'i method. But Herr Wiener succeeded, by a simple and ingenious contrivance. In altennfc the path of the raya through the colored film by placing a rectangular prism on tie plate,' with its ky-pothenuse surface of contact with the spectrum. . . ' , : .-. This experiment had the startling result that that part of the spectrnm covered by the prism appeared strongly displaced before the red, Ilence Zenker's theory of Bec-querel's process, enunciated in 18ti8. which ascribed the colors to interference. Is substantiated. Instead of- Beequerel's homogeneous sheet of silver chloride containing sub-chloride, Seebeck used the powder and Poitevin mounted the salt on paper. In these two proresses the effect described is not observed. Heiife these colors are body colors in these two cases. The production of these body colors is a very mysterious process, but the author hopes that here will eventually be found a satisfactory solution of the problem. To account for the production of these colors he advances a remarkable theory which has a well known analorr in comparative physiology. Given a collec tion ot compounds of silver chloride and sub-chloride of infinite nronortlnns. inch thmn which Mr. Carey Lea calls by the collective name of "photochloride, we most suppose according to the modern Irinetic theories that they are undergoing a mnid series of successive modifications. hen the red combination happens to, be exposed to red light it reflects it withont absorption, and win mere tore, po longer ne affected or changed by it, Similarly for other cases. Thia is another process of "sdaptation." The author describes tome experiments which prove that this is the true explanation, and points out the importance of this view not only for color photogrsphy, but ror tne production of colors In the animal world. Nature, New Albany's Smart Sparrows. . , New Albany, Ind, has a very fine jjttle public library of some 8,000. odd. volumes, and the residents of that city claim that th intellectual status of the town la improving so rapidly that all other cities In the neighborhood will soon be left far in the rear. It is even asscrtr-d that the New Albany English .narrow knows more than the Louis ville sparrow. At well-known Spring street grocery in New Albany, l a peaunt roaster, fecompanied by a bin of pes mi's always ojien view, The Binart sparrows of that vicinity watch their -hance. pounce down on tne pea nut bin, pluck a ig. fat peanut, carry it scrnu the tret and onea and devour it with gresjt gusto and hilarity. And a leeal gentleman of untarnished veracity aenerts that he knows Euslish nparrowa which have long made a practice f ruling on eleotno cars, He has seen them get on the root or a oar down street, slid rtsy there until the car has taken them up to the locality which they de sired to visit. Louisville courier journal, MUSIC AND , n musicians: The Seidl Society's Children's Festival.; TWENTY-SIXTH WARD SINGERS Nicholas Crouch, the Author of "Kathleen MavoaroecB," Celebrates His Eighty-dghth Birthday. The ever-active Seidi Society, which is presided over by Mrs. Laura G. Langford, has organized a children's festival, which will commence this week and continue for three days. It was at first decided to invite and pay the expenses of 2.IXX) of these embryo American singers, but it has been discovered that a still larger number can lie acycommodated if the necessary funds can be found to defray the expense of feeding the children after tfiey are on the grounds. The, musical programme will be announced later. The socity still needs funds to carry out the arrangements. An effort is being made to consolidate the numerous German singing societies of the Twenty-sixth Ward into one compact body, which will aggregate in numbers several hundreds of the best singers and most expert sight readers to be found in thrf State. This united body will be cspable of undertaking and adequately reproducing a series of choral masterpieces which will prove new to the majority of even the Germans themselves. It is a most important movement, and every thoughtful and energetic musician will lend his aid to render this new departure a Buccess. John Towers, an authority on matters musical, is said to have1 forwarded to the Atlanta Exposition what he calls an encyclopedia of woman's work in music, by which is meant, of course, woman's work creatively, embracing the names and dates of birth and death, as well as the titles of the chief works of about 400 women. It is an excellent work and well performed. It is about time the women should be recognized for the vital part they have taken In the history of civilization in this direc tion. Early in the Sixteenth Century a woman by the name of Flower composed a madrigal, which has never been equaled notwithstanding that hundreds have traveled over the same ground. "Down in a Flowery Vale" is to-day as ever the master produc- jtiuu m iuui une oi structural niu&ic Nicholas Crouch, who has been known all his Ufe as one of the most exacting instructors of onr age, is still living, and has just ceienratea us 88th birthday at Portland, Me., where he is the guest of George i nomas, tatnerof tbe late Edward Thomas, oi we rneatrical arm of Hovt & Thomas. Mr. Crouch went to Portland. Me., several weeks ago at Mr. Thomas'-invitation, and wui stay until the middle of September. i nere is not a musical society in the land which might not have honored itself bv giving selections from some of Crouch's works, which have been too Inn htir'u,! n.,.w y superincumbent mass of trash which nuist prove nauseating to the palate' Of all classical musicians. His ''Kathleen Mavour- ueeu nas immortalised itself and its composer, and as a meloilv remninu unpir,u at least so far as European composers are concerned. Those who are old enough to remember the unfortunate though ever queenlv Kathe- ...... U4j .in ante una- uieir a mams tinctured and tinted by that immortal song as sung by perhaps its most gifted singer in the long, long ago. Dr. George Frederick Root is dead Thr was a time when Root's name was almost ss familiar in the realm of music n-n tht John Wesley in the art of hymnology. Some of his more pretentious work, sjiich as church antnems, or pieces, as our ancestors of old delighted to call them, are really of nnusual merit. They were popular, 'tis true, but were not the less strong and spiritually suggestive of better things and better days to come. ' Dr. Root was born in KheffioM V., in 1820 and died on. Tuesday last at Bailev's Island. Me. In 1850 he went to France and spent a year studying m Paris. . Among the numerous songs he composed were "Rosslie," "Hazel DelV' "The Prairie Flower.". "Battle Cry of Freedom," Just Before the Battle. Mother." Tramp. Tramp. Tramp, the Boys Are Marching," "The Old Folks Are Gone,' "A Hundred Yesrs Ago." "Old Fotomae Shore" and the well-known quai tet "There's Music in the Air." In 18G0 he went to Chicaro in lire rH In 1ST2 the degree of Doctor of Music was conferred upon him by the University of Chi cago. ;., A letter of recent date from th summer gathering at Chantsnqua says that music is receiving special attention' at the present session oi me assembly, ur. Calmer is conducting a well-drilled chorus of nearlv 400 voices, and as he has the good sense to connne tnem to works which do not lie beyond the limit of their rowers of compre hension and execution, aome of tho effects heard have received special marks of favor from eminent musicians who have congregated there from nearly every State in the Union.- At a recent concert Miss Sadie Ritts. of St Petersburg. Clarion County, Pa., sang with such sweetness and power Of poetical and dramatic culture as to bring the audience almost at her feet. ' The Arlon Society, of New York, has appointed Julius Lorens as the successor of Frank Van der Stncken. Lorens, who Is at present in Europe, will commence his duties on Sept. I at a salary of $2,000 per annum. He was born In Hanover in 1802, and entered the Conservatory at Leipsic in 1880, studying for several ' years under Reincke, Oscar Paul, Grill, Richter aud Weldenbach.. He was in 1SS4 appointed director of the Musical Academy at Glasgow, a position he still retains. There were fifty-seven candidates for the wend, and a strong feeling prevailed that the position should not go begging abroad. It was asserted that some of the finest men living were residents of that city, but other, if. not wiser, councils prevailed, and Van der Btucken was shelved snd Lorens elected by vote which stood 01 to 14. The unconquerable DeKonuski is still with us. He is at present a guest of the Govern-ment of Japan. He has recently completed what ia called grand triumphal march in honor of the recent Japaues. victories, whatever hey may be, which he has dedicated to the Mi- DeKntskl is said to be the lion of Japan, Km them is another title and another animal which is more appropriately auggestive of both the man and his worn. . The subscription to the Delibee Monument at present amount to about 9,000 franca. Think of this, ye devoted worshipers of the rmi Anollo! Whv. a Den ii t subscription taken up weekly for a month from the den- isens of New lor a and its vicinity would make a Unrer sumr out so the world wags, The areetest emo . in the world fetched fS0. The "Adeliade," of Beethoven, the nmst correct bit of melody with harmonies which positively ravish, commanded less thsn the nrice of what is called a first-class finger ring with almost any kind of a stone in it This is one among tne innumerame wrongs aud evi: which time and education loue can rectify. In an age, which places the value of "Not for Joe at a hnndred times more than Handel Messiah," what can be expecteJ? (;rf' "Kiegy sold for the enormous price of i and so the old mill works. On Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday J even lies. Aug. SO, il 0 u wm im in Beethoven-Wagner Festival at the Brighton Beach Music Hallwith seven soloist. The most brilliant excerpts from "Die Meister-singer. "Die Walknre" and Beethoven's "Fidelio" will be given. IN CATHOLIC CHURCHES. - The 'retreat of the clergy of the diocese begins to-morrow (Mondsy) at 8t. John'a Seminary. It will last two weeks, but each clergyman will make but one week's retreat. The two weeks is necessary in order to accommodate the number of the clergy. It will be preached by a Jesuit father. The results of the diocesan examination of students for admission into the Brooklyn dioccJe have been given out. Of the thirty-four applicants twenty passed satisfactorily, and will be admitted into St. John's Seminary in the fall. Those who failed will be required to wait for another year. The Rev. Father Duhigg will take up a collection in the Church of Our Lady of Mercy to-day. The election of a mother superior at St. Joseph's Convent, Flushing, L. I., which was to have taken place last Thursday, was postponed uuul after the arrival of Bishop McDonnell. The Sunday school of St. Edward's Church had its annual outing to Rye Beach last week. Iff ii ' FIRST REFORMED CHURCH. Father Mitchell has arrived borne from his trip up the State. Next Saturday the Rev. Jere A. Brosnan will accompany Devin Post No. 148, G. A. R., on its trip to the battlefields of the South. The Grand Army men, with their distinguished guest, will leave the Old Dominion pier. No. 24, North River, by steamer direct to OH Point Comfort, whence they will visit the battle scenes in Virginia. The length of the trip is at the option of those taking part. Father Brosnan, who is great lover of American history, will take copious notes of facts and places en route, which be will make substantial use of later in one of his famous historical sermons. The Rev. William Turner has been dead nineteen yesrs this month. Last Monday night the following officers of St. James' Yonne Men were installed: J. M. Moran. president; P. J. Fitzgerald, vice-president: T. MeKenna, recording secretary; T. Teaken, corresponding secretary; M. Mur-rav. treasurer, and J. L. Connor, sergeant- at-arms. After the officers bsd been installed the Rev. Jere A. Brosnon read the letter ot the Pope to the young men, which was received with great applause. The letter will grace the hallo' in an appropriate frame. The reast oi tne Assumption was ceie- grated in a very elaborate way in most of the churches last Thursday. The statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary, at the Convent of the Precious Blood. Putnam avenue, near Bedford, was crowned with befitting ceremonies last Thursday. The sermon was presetted oy tne nev. r smer oneeaj, oi Fort Lee. N. J. , ' . Th Holv Name Society, ot tne irnnrrn oi the Transfiguration, held Its annual outing at Rockaway Beach last Thursday. SENATOR GORDON'S MEMORY. He Finds It Easy to BeeU Terbatlm TTbat He Has Written. Senator John B. Gordon has the power of meuioriiing wonderfully developed. On ttjore than one occasion the writer has followed him with a proof slip in hand and been surprised at the accuracy with which he followed copy. On one occasion, while he wss Governor of Georgis, the writer came down on the train with him from Atlanta to this city, where h waa to deliver a speech. It had already been set up in the Atlanta "Constitution" office and proofs sent out to the leading papera in the State. On the train Governor Gordon thought of something he desired U add to his speech, and be wrote it ont as traveled, filling several pages. When he finished he read it over, handed the copy to the writer and des ignated the print where he desired to bring rt in in the printed speech. -..''. He did not see it again. On his arrival In Angusta he was met by a committee, and from then nntil the hour of speaking he had scarcely an opportunity to think of his speech. He did not see the interlineation from the time he read It over once after writing it on the train, but .when he came to deliver the speech he repeated it as accurately as though it htd been laboriously committed to oiemory and rehearsed. - ; , It is seldom that Senator Gordon ever de- trnM r Vi a u-rittAn aoiiv hilt It la H notable fact thst when, iu the beat of his speech snd under tbe enthusiasm of the occasion, he chsnges his phraseology, it is always an improvement on the written text. General Gordon is easily the best speaker in the State of Ueorgia on tne stump, and sneaks extemporaneously with such wonder ful facility that one marvels that he ever writes a speech. Bur. on the other hand, when it is known with what remarkable facility he memorises what he writes, the question arise whether that which is con sidered onnana nas not previously oeen written. Augusta (Ua.) Cbonicle. ; How Smithers Won Her. "False one," h hissed. The beautiful blue eyes gaaed steadily In to his. "Meaning me?" asked the owner of the aaure orbs. "You bet Last Christmas the candy I bought you came to $7.43. Valentine' day I seat yon $13 worth of hot house roses. In March I blew in-fll for theater tickets. And now comes alone that odious Smithers and takes you to the musical festivals, sets up the lee cream, pays tor csrrisKe ami cor-sage bouquet at leas than half the money and time I expended on you, and you giye ma the cold, cold shake. The asure eyes twinkled. Well, you see." she said. "Mr. Smithers bunched bis hits." Rochester Union and Advertiser, Pocketed tho Insult. First Waiter Dar'a some mighty tnesn folks In BosPon. Yon noticed dat hatchet faced man what I'se been wsitin on? Second Waiter What's de matter wld him? "He insulted me wid a dime. What rtii) Villi do?" "1 accepted it wid ludlgnashun.' Texas Sitting. FIRST REFORMED CHURCH SOCIETY. The Oldest of that Faith in the Eastern District. ' ORGANIZED IN THE YEAR 1829. A Standard Institution Which Has Had Noted Clergymen as Pastors-"-A Brief History of the Congregation. The First Reformed Church Society is one of the standard institutions of the Eastern District. It was organized in 1820, and lis members have always been of tho wealthy and influential . classes north of Flushing uveutie. From 1828 to 1839, Rev. James Demarest was pastor of the new society. His son, an eminent divine, as was his father, is now located at Flushing, L. L In 1839 Rev. Dr. William Van Horen wan installed, and on August 3, . 1S49, resigned by letter, writing that he had served mora than ten years. His relationship was dissolved by Classes. .. . In 1S49 the scholarly elergyman, Rev, Elbert S. Porter, was called on, November 13, and was installed on December 23, rain having prevented the ceremonies which had been fixed for December 14. At the time some "doubting Thomases" predicted that the postponement of the ceremonies meant bad fortune to the church, but the contrary was the case, as under the ministration of Dr. Porter the society . increased in itu- . portance, so that the congregation . moved from their old structure at Bedford avenue and South Second street to the presert building in October, 18ti9, at which time the new structure was dedicated. Chester D. Burrows, of the Fifteenth Ward, was the first member admitted after the removal, On account of failing health, and to the general regret of all, Dr. Porter resigned on September 17, 1883. Dr. Porter, after, a pastorate extending over thirty-four years, and having been worn out in the service, in failing health, lived until February 2G, 18S8, ' ' when be died at Claverack. Columbia Coun ty, this State. Kev. Dr. H I. Terhune. the husband of the celebrated novelist. Marion Harlanil. served as pastor from May, 1ISS4, until May, IfwJ. and nntil recently was toe clergyman of the Puritan Church, from which he re signed to devote himself, with his tnletiteil wife to literary efforts, at Poimiton. N. J. The couple are at present abroad. Kev. A. V. Mills was installed on Jan. nary li, I.NSW. and severed his connection with the society on January 15 of the pres ent year. Rev. Dr. Joseph T. D'uryea. thf E resent pastor, was installed on June 4, end -as already made his mark as a finished . pulpit orator. He came from Omaha, Neb., where he was .pastor of the First Conarrea- tional Church for six years. Most of the above information, with the picture of the present church, was furnished the writer by Mr. Johu II. Dingman, wbo for ten years, when Dr. Porter was pastor,, was fhe superintendent .of the Sunday school. r The officials are as follows: Riders,- Jolil W. Van De Water, Manning Merrill.- Samuel Dixon: deacons, Dr. Daniel Simmons, Augustus R. Iorchester. Robert M. Curtis. John G. Bungay. These two boards are the governing lxuly of the church. . Joseph E. Rhodes is the suiierintendent of the Sabbath school, and the scholars and and teachers aggregate 350. The choir exercises are conducted by Organist Briggs. and the musical services rn first,class. The building a year ago was. thoroughly renovated and repaired, and tho . structure is really an ornament to the thor-oughfare, which is the fashionable avenue for riding, driving and cycling in the Eastern District GEORGE WREN. John Sherman's Way. In a published interview, Senator John Sherman is credited with saying, among other things: "I have lived to see the lenders (the Dotn-; ocrats) swallow their words.and to-day there! is not a stronger or more outspoken Ule, fender of my course than you will find in President Cleveland's state pajiers and in the speeches of his Cabinet officers. " But here is a tittle touch of malignity that will causo many a Himou-pure Democrat to wiuee. The beloved John Sherman further says: "The South forfeited the respect of the good people of the United States by in course during the war and reconstruction period. What right have they to say what kind of money we should have? if they had their way we would have had no money, if we permit England to control the prieo nf cotton, don't our manufacturers in th.. North and East participate in the gain? Who is the beneficiary? The people who have to buy the clothes made out of cotton.- We thought the war was over hot it ain't, by a jugful. We, the Southern people, must continue to pay tribute to the North and East In whose interest Knglnnd fixes the price of cotton and w have no right to a voice pn the currency, or any question of legislation or public policy! Our province Is to serve, to submit to the dictation of the North snd East and we are doing that very thing to-day. The KeUaa Times. Prince Bismarck's jCraninm. Prince Bi-smarek'a head has been men, nred, and Its content have been computed seenrately, scientilically, etc. The ex-Chan, eellor's cranium shows extraordinar dimensions. The calculated weight of his brsia is 1.8T8 gramnws, S!i per cent, more than the arerage weiuht of the Caucasian brain; Dante's weighed 1.4-120 grammes. Niipi.l.-en HI.'s l.MO grammes. Lord Byron's 1"T-grsmmes. So says L'IiJepeudcnc Itttije, with. French proclivities.

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