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4—ThtPharasvTHbune. Logtmport. Ind. Friday, October?, 1*77 Shr Editorial Comment I************************* FROM OTHER PAPERS The Tax Load We keep hearing from the- stump thai the folks with the smaller incomes are stuck with the tax bills while the upper brackets get away with fiscal murder. The Tax Foundation found this to be just shoddy demagoguery. "Statistics of Income," published by the Treasury Department, shows that 5 per cent of the taxpayers — those with adjusted gross income of $29,272 or more — paid more than one- third of the total personal income taxes collected by the federal government in 1975. The top 10 per cent of taxpayers — those earning $23,420 or more — picked up the tab for nearly half the total tax bill. Taxpayers with adjusted gross income of $15,898 or more, representing just one-fourth of all taxpayers, looted Ti per cent of total tax liabilities. In contrast, the lower 25 per cent of taxpayers contributed less than 1 per cent of total income taxes paid; the bottom 50 per cent accounted for only 7 per cent of the tax take. As for the very rich, the 1,149 taxpayers earning SI million or more in 1975 paid an average tax of $1,011,317 for a total of $1.15 billion, quashing the oft- expressed belief that those with the highest incomes were getting away with paying little or no tax, The report seems to ease fears that the graduated income tax is not graduated. And it seems to leave nowhere to shift the burden. The only relief left is reduced federal spending and taxing to lower all of our tax bills together. It seems like the right direction to go. (Lafayette Journal Courier), > •'•.-• Castro's Angola Dilemma N . - '^k^ 'Watch' Our Comeback Striking proof (no pun intended) that the United States still sets the pace in advanced product technology is found in .the phenomenal growth of the digital watch industry. Digital watches are those little electronic, jobs using light- emitting diodes (LEDs), which at the touch of a button show the time in hours and minutes and in some cases seconds, as well as the month and day. For decades the American watch industry saw its share of market declining in the face of competition from other nations, especially the Swiss. But now the Swiss and Japanese and other foreign watchmakers have found themselves left high and dry by the surge of American companies, backed by modern electronics technology, in the new field of digital watches. The result, as Business Week recently reported, has been to bring watch-making leadership back to the United States. "We sold over 300,000 digital watches last year and we expect to do even better this year," says Eugene Gluck,. president of E. Gluck Corp., the nation's No. 3 watch company in terms of unit sales. " '•'•} .An additional proof of the continuing vitality/of the American free enterprise system, it is interesting to note that Gluck came to the United States in the 1940s as a wartime refugee from Europe and started his company from scratch. It now sells nearly three million watches of all types a year. (Columbus Republic) Berry's World By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK . WASHlNGTON-Despitc his commitment to Third World buccaneering, Fidel Castro \is desperate to reduce his military involvement and embarrassing losses in Angola by seeking a Communist partner, East Germany—so- far with no success. ...,- ' , Castro certainly does not want to weaken the world's perception of Com'-, munist Cuba's desire to export Marxist revolution. Rather, he asked help from the East Germans because he badly needs a temporary reprieve from an increasingly impossible mission: stamping out the civil war waged in Angola by Lucas Savimbi's guerrillas against the Soviet-backed Marxist government of Agostinho Neto. The only reason Neto has survived is intervention by Castro's Africa Corps. In return for Castro's indispensable help in propping up the Kremlin's shaky man in Angola, the Soviet Union sends massive subsidies to prop up the shaky Cuban economy, Yet, in President Carter's State Department, this crucial service performed by Castro for the Soviet Union is deemed inconsequential. It is "no burning issue," Assistant Secretary of State Richard Moose recently told reporters. What is "no burning issue" to Moose, top U.S. African policymaker; is Moscow's Indispensable tool to penetrate deeper into black Africa at Western expense/But the tool,',Fidel Castro; is getting trapped in a political quagmire from which he can find • no way to withdraw. ,V Instead-ot.'fulfilling his "pledge"'last 1 ' year to then Swedish Prime Minister Olaf ' the small society Palme to withdraw his 13,000 lo 15,000 Cuban troops at a 200-a-week rate, Castro actually has been increasing his military commitment. During this past summer, five Cuban transport convoys are believed to have sailed to Angola from Cuba with troops and both military and civilian advisers. .. • . There is little doubt here that this was a net reinforcement lo bolster Neto's precarious situation' following the barely aborted coup attempted against Neto last May. Cuban help was vital for Neto. The troop reinforcements probably put Castro's Africa Corps close to 20.000. Despite the increase. Castro's shrouded efforts to reduce his staggering commitment are no longer doubted by Cuban experts here; nor is his growing concern about the domestic political impact of his Angolan escapade. Castro's brother and power-sharer. Raoul, is believed to have made a direct approach for help to East Germany during his visit there two months ago. One argument: the dispatch of lough, pro- Western Moroccan troops to protect pro- Western Zaire -from a Soviet-financed invasion by mercenaries based in Angola poses a new threat to Castro's own troops in Angola. Fraternal Communist forces— principally East German—were accordingly needed to share the burden with Castro. So far, there have been no takers in East Germany. Castro is showing sigps of deep concern over Cuban casualties in Angola, and the political impact on 9 million Cubans at home. '• "'•'•'• Cuban troops which will defend Nelo's .worsening position in the Angolan civil war are picked carefully from widely- scattered provinces and towns to minimize local impact of casualties. At the same time, Castro is making an extraordinary number of speeches in Cuba proclaiming non-existent economic good limes. In no fewer than nine speeches since early July, Castro's theme was economically upbeat—with repeated allusions to the low cost of Cuba's foreign adventures. The apparent objective: to defied growing, potentially dangerous grumbling about Caslro's immense investments in far-off places. If Castro's Angola adventure had been a brilliant success, his buccaneering thousands of miles from home might make glamorous contrast lo Cuba's economic misery. Instead, he has a costly stalemate in Angola and an over-rising economic dependence on Moscow at home. Soviet aid to Castro is running at a record peak of over $1.5 billion a year. That includes Soviet purchase of 2.5 million tons of sugar at 30 cents a pound— an exorbitant subsidy of more than 20 cents. Moscow also sells Cuba 9 million tons of crude oil and crude oil products at about half the world cost. The price exacted by these .vast subsidies is the cost of Castro's domestic insurance policy: so long as Castro (preserves Neto in Angola, thus protecting 'the extension'of Soviet influence into the strategic heart of southern Africa, he.can. count on'Soviet largesse. The; wonder is. that all this"is of so little" interest to' President Carter's policymakers. by Brickman W«Bhi<t|ton 8t*r •yndfctu, Inc. Reporter Little Men Behind Big Presses ".,. and one more thing — stop calling me 'MR' MONCKTONT - THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE f . Daily ond Sunday [except Soiurdoyt and Holidoys)"$ 1.00 per week by eorrier'ln oil cities ond towns and an rural motor routes: rVepoymentln office'U w«ks.$ 13.00— 'it weeks $26,00— 52 weeks JM.OO, ty mat! in Indiana where no carrier or motor'rout* service it maintained 3 moothi-l 15.00.« monlhs-$26.80, $53.00 per.year: by moil outside mdiono, $52.00 per year. Outside lndiano-3monlhi.S20.00, 6 months. $31.00. 1 year. $52.00 AH mail subscriptions payable in Advance. No mail subscriptions sold where carrier or: motor service is maintained. -. -.,...'• « ^ On all subscriptions paid in advance, whether by moil or home delivered, publisher reserves Hie' right to adjust the nxpiration date on a pro-ra'a basis in the event any increase is made in the price of the newspaper. Said adjustment shall be made on the effective dote of any announced price increase. ,; •'«.--,' Pharos established 1*44 Journal established lie* Reporter established 1889 Tribune established > 1907 loaoniport Press Established 1921 1 Published daily-except Saturday ond holidays by loganspVl Newspapers Inc., 517 East •foodway. looaflsfert Indiana 46947 Second class postage paid at logonsporr, Ind, under the ado«March3 U»7.- K * / « ^ MEMBER AUDIT IUREAU OF CMKUlATIOlil \ \_ No freedom is better protected in America than freedom of the press It is so strong that Washington looks on it as the fourth—and vengeful—arm of government..Until recently, the proper function of the press was to disseminate information with a minimum of error. Behind the big thundering presses are little men. They think. A few years ago, with the noblest of motives, they-brought a government down. They crushed-it: they stomped on it. The power of vilification- even when used judiciously—is awesome. There arejno survivors. The typewriter is an articulate machine .gun. \yords can be tipped with curare. The - forebears, of the jnvestigative reporter were Peter Zenger and Lincoln Steffens They were men who exposed corruption Congressmen good and bad smile in controlled terror al reporters. When the news departments of television declared themselves members of the "media," they tilted the,print press toward drama. They shot-Bert Lance down 10 days before he ' faced the official inquisitors. <> - •-' - StumelulMoment His "guilt or.'innocence ris only vaguely related to, the death watch they kept over his home. 'Some of us hung our heads on the first day of his testimony because 'it is shameful when the dead speak with- bravado. "- -^ v The press also gutted the president in public. He was asked if he thought that the media 1 had been fair to his.friend. ,He- swallowed twice and said yes.- Nor is this the last time he will be "forced to recant. Some of us on newspapers ;have' been suspicious" of hfs'hyper-ChrisUanliy, his ' forgiveness of sin and his smirky lust,, "'f '-• We have always looked under the bed- cjotheMo find the bodies. This Js not?a lamenlouscry to stop it. My fear Is that we are shooting from the hip. Until recently,, this was >U»e province of the editorial wlxnvai paid to* ' The press is not virtuous, We. make mistakes of commission and omission and are glacially slow to acknowledge them. United Press International put out a story that, before Lee Harvey Oswald shot President Kennedy, he tried to shoot Richard Nixon, but his wife locked him in •the bathroom: My research shows that he wanted to kill; Lyndon Johnson The same news agency rapped a drug called Naprosyn. saying it "may be' a borderline cancer-causing agent" Wrong drug. UPI's. 1 Washington editor apologized saying, "We made one error." One was sufficient, to hurt Naprosyn. * Rolling Stone,* which is not the best of ; sources, claimed that 4flp American-, journalists worked directly for or aided the CIA; Retired columnist Joseph AIsop said, "I'm proud they asked me-and proud to have done it." A reporter or columnist works full time - for the newspaper which pays him. He owes no allegiance to anyone else. When i Daniel Schorr leaked a government paper' to a magazine, his crime was he owed everything to the news department of CBS. If his boss declined the leaked story, -he had no right to take it elsewhere.' Camptign Advisers In the recent New York election, Mario Cuomo, the loser, was asked for a list of, campaign- advisers. He- mentioned columnists Jimmy Breslin, Pete HamUl, Jack Newfield of the Village Voice, and Rupert Murdoch; publisher of the New' using the press. Both assumptions cannot be valid. Somebody is wrong. The press sees itself as a watchdog on society.. This is healthy, but where is that faint line over which the cynic may not tread? . At what point are we no longer hunting legitimate news and are reaching for the jugular? This is where the good editor conies in. It Is his prerogative, his duty, to snap leashes on his dogs. ; The media has never presented itself as the perfect instrument of information. The little, men behind the big presses are human. They age quickly making decisions. , No one. hot even the government, is strong enough tt. challenge the v freely .printed word. And yet it is time— beyond time— that the editors got together and handed' down Ten Commandments to guide us working stiffs... • Barbs What did they ever do with' leftover tile glue . before processed cheese was developed? ' Reese I By CHARLEYREESE [• 1 will give three lollipops and Wo pieces of bubble gum to anyone who can define in coherent terms the foreign policy of the U.S. Government. (I have three children; hence, I think in terms of lollipops ami such.i I might help by posing a tew questions. For example, arc you afraid of Paraguay? How about Albania? The point is the only nation on the earth which, is.a military threat to us is the Soviet Union. Presumably, most of our $110 billion defense budget is aimed at the Soviet Union. The Red Chinese hate our guts but they have made such a shambles of their economy that as long as we stay, out of walking distance, they're no threat If then the Soviet Union poses a military threat, if we spend many billions stationing an Army in Europe presumably to fight off a Soviet invasion, and if Soviet officials are telling the truth when they say repeatedly they intend to destroy our system of government, then why, pray tell: Has the West extended $40 billion in credit and loans to the Soviet Union and its communist vassal stales? Why did the U.S. government encourage 80 U.S. firms to participate in the construction of the Kama River truck plant 600 miles east of Moscow? This will be the largest single industrial complex-in the world, capable of producing 150,000 three- axle trucks and 250,000 diesel engines annually. That's more than the combined productive capacity of ail similar U.S. . firms combined. Why has the Stale Department approved the sale of 70 modern computer systems to the Soviets? Why, from mid-1972 to mid-1974, when Americans were suffering from paying interest rales of 9 to 12 per cent, did the U.S. Export-Import Bank make available to the Soviet Union $469 million in long term 6 per cent loans so they could buy machinery, foundries" and factory equipment? * All of this, mind you, while American steel companies are being forced to lay off American workers because of capital shortages, low profits, and competition from foreign manufacturers subsidized by their governments. Why is the U.S. playing kissy-face with Fidel Castro, a psychopathic murderer and a tyrant? Why is the Stale Department panting lo resume normal relations with Vietnam? Why is the State Department eager to give up the Panama Canal 'lo a leftist dictator-who just signed a buddy-deal with the Russians? Why is the State Department pursuing policies in Africa which will result in the destruction of pro-American governments in Rhodesia and South Africa by Marxist- oriented and Soviet-financed guerrillas? Why is President Carter talking about abandoning Taiwan, a free, pro-Western nation of 17 million people to please Red China, a slave-state run by tyrants who seek our destruction ?. Why is President Carter determined, despite advice-from the military : arid our allies, to withdraw American troops from South Korea? I'would truly like to know and please . don't give me any of this, "You're being • simplistic" fertilizer. You don't have to be sophisticated to know that if a factory can build three-axle trucks it can'also build military transport and armored vehicles. You don't have to be a member of the Council on Foreign Relations to understand that if you lend the sorry, no-good Soviet government $40 billion, that's $40 billion of its own money it doesn't have to divert from its military budget to prop up its feeble socialist economy. 'We plain Americans had better wake up before the liberal meatheads in the State Department and the greedy businessmen . and bankers sell us into slavery. You may fancy playing Step and Fetch It to some fathead commissar but I don't like the idea worth a damn, i ~. I don't like the idea of my sons having to fight Russian soldiers or their proxies who are transported and armed with American- technology. Now if I and the Russians are both wrong, and the Soviet Union means us no harm, then let's cut the defense budget, dismantle the missiles, and bring the boys home from Europe. The Soviets can't be both a threat and non-threat and it certainly doesn't make .sense to prepare for war and support the creeps all at the same time. In The Past On* Y«or Ago The Weekly Religious Education program in Logansport Schools was scheduled to begin next week. Yeoman Second Class Vincent S. Blendowskl was the new Logansport Navy recruiter. ' > T*n Years Ago Rebel Patrol of Troop 237 of Galveston won the Grand Champion trophy at a Scout Field Day held at Riverside Park. Joe Ann Firmani, 2225 Jefferson St., was one of the is coeds at Indiana State University seeking the.- title of Homecoming Queen. ' •' ' - - : Things have been running much better at city hall since our mayor began devoting full time to .politicking for November. All the boss contirubtes to teamwork is "cracking of the whip. ' . ( Bach denied that.he had advised Cuomo W had displayed professional bias in the •campaign. It is the odor of-tar, not'the, stain, which is difficult- (o remove. Any' writer who can afford political alliances is a menaceto his profession ; '< The reporter, cozy ing to die politician, thinks he is using the man. The politician, confiding in the reporter, (eels that he is Our secretary makes very, very few mistakes.- principally because she does so little work. ' - - ' . " +++ *,. Sure signs of midsummer: The first (ur displays in the department stores/- , - Twonty Yoort Ago Two Logansport doctorv Charles. A. BaUard and Earl B. Jewell, were to be honored by Medical Association CoUeages for their 50 years of medical practice. Fifty Y«of*Af« An old-timer can recall when it was quite ' proper to say one wasfcoklng forward to a gay evening. - - , * '• Miss Geneva-Strain-and Mias Edna Grauelwerenamed delegates to the State Teachers -Association meeting at Indianapolis. . ."*-, Dedication services for the newly remodeled Shitoh Christian Cbvth were held by Rev. Cook.