Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 6, 1977 · Page 7
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 7

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 6, 1977
Page 7
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•—Th»Ph«ro»-Trlbune. Lcganiport, Ind. Thunday.OctelMrt.Wr They are Africa's most helpless refugees No place for the widows of Uganda By Richard C. Zimmerman NAIROBI — INEAI Usually when Africans gather together the conversation quickly flows with animation and gaiety and laughter comes easily. But not on the drab second floor of the Trust Mansions building in downtown Nairobi. Here, in the peeling, walkup reception room of the Joint Refugee Services of Kenya, frightened crowds of bewildered Somalis. Ethiopians. Ugandans and others who have fled civil wars and oppression come to register, obtain mattresses and blankets, seek employ, ment and receive their meager monthly dole. Refugees are always a pathetic lot, but perhaps the most lost and helpless here are the widows of Uganda, whose husbands are the known or presumed victims of President Idi Amin's continuing reign of savage terror. Like most refugees of any time and any place, the widows of Uganda bring with them almost no personal RICHARD G. ZIMMERMAN Washington bureau chief of tht Cleveland Plain Dealer on leave Is on a reporting lour ol Africa. possessions other than what they could carry across the border in small bags, even though many were the wives of well-to-do, propertied professionals. But unlike many of the others — the doctors, teachers, managers, advanced university students — the widows lack one valuable possession; a marketable skill. "There never is a shortage of places for professionals," says Kinga .Wamwendia. executive secretary of Joint Refugee Services, which is funded by the World Council of Churches. "We place all doctors immediately, we (in Kenya) have many self-help schools that need teachers and the school-age refugees are not much difficulty. "The military (from Uganda) are a difficulty because they can't get in the Kenyan military. But the women — well, even though some are educated, they just don't have the skills that people want." The ebb and flow of widows into Kenya and the tribes to which they and their husbands belonged usually tells much of what is going on in their troubled country. The first great wave of refugees came soon after Amin seized power early in 197) and most belonged to the ' Acholi and Lango tribes, ' which were considered loyal to ousted President Milton Obote. About half of the army's entire force belonged to ihese two tribes and most — an estimated 5,000 — were executed on Amin's order. By June of this year, according to Wamwendia, the flow of Ugandan refugees had dropped to about 15 a day. But suddenly that number jumped to 25 and widows whose husbands were members of the Baganda and Basoga tribes, began to show up in increasing numbers. Soon it became known to the outside world from stories pieced together from refuge* sources that an unsuccessful attempt on Amin's life had been mounted in mid-June and that the vengeful "Life President" blamed elements in the air force for planning the aborted coup. The Bagan- da and Basoga tribes were well represented in the air force. But from whatever tribe they came, the widows of Uganda tell a common, dreadful story. Oswald and Jim Jacoby Few know for sure whether their husbands are dead, They do know their husbands were first harassed, then arrested and then simply vanished. In most cases they do not know whether their husbands were really guilty of antigovernment activity, but they tend to presume not. Usually they were questioned repeatedly after their husbands' arrest and in some cases were detained and physically abused. "I supposed he was shot," .they aay when asked what they believe happened to their husbands. If their husbands are dead, this is about the best they can hope for. For they are all aware of the authenticated horror stories of prolonged torture, beatings with sledge Preemptive bid lucki ou! NORTH AAK • K8543 *»8 WEST • 9 EAST »J3 » J 8 1 • A 9 10 *AQJ»7 *K5432 SOUTH (0) AQ10I7I43 VA105 •-76 *10 ' North-South vulnerable Wen North Ent Pus Pin Pan Opening lead — 3V tenth 3* partner's ace. He returned the three of hearts. I took my king, gave him a ruff with his jack of trumps, We still had to get a diamond trick to set him one trick. Believe It or not we got a bottom score for plus 100." 'He was unlucky, but he might well have tried a takeout double of that three- spade opening. In that case his partner would either have played In four or five clubs, making that contract or North and South might have played at four spades doubled down one or maybe two. Where was his tad luck? We checked and found out that no other South had opened three spades. By Oswald 4 James Jacoby The Unlucky Expert his own around more than uiual thest fall days. Not that all his result* are bad luck, On many occasions he contributes to his own downfall, Here li his sad 'story. "I elected to open the deuce of hearts. South played low from dummy and my partner's jack forced South'* ace. He cashed dummy's ace and king of spade* and led a club, I was back In with the jack and played my deuce of diamonds, Dummy's king fell to my A California reader wants to know if we are willing to stick our necks out and list the greatest woman bridge player of all time. We will stick them out a trifle. The late Helen Sobel Smith was the greatest. We aren't going to name a second because there are so many other great women players. I NEWSPAPER BNTMPWSE ASIN , I (For t copy at JACOBY WOOEflN, iwcr Jf to: "Win »i Briagt," c/o (hit newspaper, P.O. Bo* 489, flaeWo C/fy Station, Nlw York, N.Y, 10019) hammers, .mutilations, beheadings and-cannibalism. But they try not to think about that. •"•'.--•' "L suppose he was shot," they answer. *' * * * .<• Agnes Is a typical military widow, She crossed the border in May after, her husband, a sergeant-major, was arrested on a charge of .stealing ammunition. He was a member of the Baganda tribe. Army Investigators returned several times to question her, but her husband never returned, When she was warned by friends that her own life . was in danger she took her 8- month-old baby and fled to the border,' where district officials directed her to Nairobi. She had no friends in Kenya, She Is 21'. Agnes told her story in tearful, barely audible Swahlli. while sitting in Wamwendia'« tiny office. As an uneducated young woman she knows only KiHiM*il*i^iVHiaviMBHMpiH(*HiBlViHP«BlMil^^^^^^i^ • Burger Barn FAMILY RESTAURANT SERVING DDC Alf E ACTMen4ay-Saturd«y til Id30 PIC t Allr A JI Sunday Until ] 1 >30 .. BREAKFAST SPECIAL •aeon or tousogo, ono oag, least, |»lly, "con** •nd bottoml*.** cup ol < OlfirASMMNn-NANQMrMD MILK SHAKES SUNDAES Meed torn Frith Ontom DELICIOUS ONION RINGS SPANISH HOT DOGS TtHMRLOINS •ARHIURGIRS CHRSIIURGftt HAMiCHffSE FISH* CHIPS FHHSAHDWICHB ••itEvybiTtwiil BROASTED CHICKEN AviRebk te set In or carry e»t hi • variety •< Htsi. WMt choke ef sMe order* OUR ENTIRE MENU IS AVAIIAUI TO EAT-IN I OR CARRY OUT- Phone Orders Welcome COVMiD f AUKINO AK1A . PIHVi U» tIKVtCi ScMevy *ijSv AM M VtSv PM* I 1101 N. Third St. fftiMAMTIttOINI 753-291* how to be a wife and mother and. unlike most educated Ugandans, speaks no English, a decided disadvantage in Kenya. She had come to ask for an advance on her 350- shilling monthly allowance. The allowance, which equals about 144, is her only income. "She Is having a very difficult time." Wamwenma said. She had been paying 100- shillings a month for one room, but now has been asked to leave. She simply will pack up her baby and walk through the village suburbs of Nairobi until she finds another room. • • t • Both Mary. 19, and her husband 'were members of the Lango tribe, but he was not in the army and so they both survived Amin's initial bloodletting. But last year, at age 22, after graduating from college and working only five months in the Ministry of Culture and Community Development, her husband was arrested without reason and vanished. , -Maybe he got into trouble with the government because he was so serious about his work and the rest weren't — I just don't know," Mary said as she waited in the Joint Services reception room. "They came for him at night and tied him by the fingers and threw him in a lorry," she recalled. "I suppose he was shot." Before he disappeared. Mary's husband was making a junior civil servant's salary ol 1,800-shillings a month. Now she too is living on 350- shillings a month. "If I could get a job I would be so happy." Mary speaks passable English, good Swahili and took some university courses in typing and shorthand, but does not have the certificate needed to apply for a clerical job. • • • » Mildred crossed the border . in 1974 after two years of harassment > and has been lucky enough to find a clerk's job with the' Joint Refugee Services. She makes 900' . shillings a month, but Is paying 450-shllllngs for a tiny, one-room apartment. Being, skilled and employed she can borrow from her employer, , in 1972- Mildred's husband was a doctor at Uganda's major, government-run hospital, when the country's leading eye specialist was murdered by the government her husband took part In a protest strike, Soon after he was arrested, released and put on unpaid leave, arrested again and then vanished. during the next two years . Mildred and her four children were put under house arrest, she was unable to- work and was repeatedly questioned, In early. 1074 Amin's agents showed up at the funeral for her eldest son on the pretext of finding her husband. They beat up all those present and Mildred was jailed for two days In a completely bare room and then released, but still under house arrest, An army lieutenant'and family friend, warning that she was In personal danger, smuggled Mildred and her .youngest son to the border In a military van, He told her guards he was taking her In for further questioning.:. And what of her husband? "I still have hope that he Is alive. But I think he was killed, Regenerating Lost Limbs DAVID BEHKOWTZ, New York's alleged .44-callber killer whote letters to newspapers during a yearlong manhunt were signed "Son of Sam," Is still writing. In a recent letter from bU jail cell to a New York paper, Berkowltt referred to the killing of six young people and asked the world to understand the "forces of darkness and evil." - INDIANAPOLIS ('L'PIl Doctors in I he (inure may be able to focus the body'-s natural electric currents on a severed limb and make it whole again, a researcher says. ': The idea is less science fiction than it may sound. Scientist at Purdue University arc already using body currents to help f rogs grow new front legs. And Dr. Lioni'l .laffe. a biology professor, says doctors in England and Australia are treating children who lose part of a linger by leaving the wound open, allowing (he body to regenerate bolh bone and flesh. Jaffc, who has worked on regeneration experiments with frogs for about three years, said there is nothing mystical about what he is doing. Salamanders routinely grow new limbs, but frogs, which are very closely related, do not •after they get beyond the lad- pole stage. Jaffc said he believes ihc difference may be that (he frog's lymph' glands cause ••short-circuits" in the body's electric system. ."The skin of the animal is a battery which acts by moving through sodium in the water — a sodium battery." he said from the Purdue campus at West Lafayette in a telephone interview. "The skin of humans has such a battery in it — one of the things police measure In lie detector tests. ••Scientists have known for almost a hundred years that tiny electric currents flowjrom breaks in the.skin of human beings and other creatures." Jaffe said. 'He said, these currents may serve: as a For some others, the positive pole was attached to the wick, and for a few that served as control animals, the batteries were short circuited.. The frogs with the negative wicks began regeneration, Jaffe said, although it was "rather far from perfect, but a lot more than a cancerous guideline for the body in healing growth." itself. ,. For the experiments, Jaffe and his associates —• Professor. Joseph Vanable Jr. and graduate student Richard, Borgens — cut off a foreleg on frogs, then installed a hearing aid. battery on the back of each one with a current-carrying wick running to the slump of the limb. "The wicks were really pieces of a cotton thread soaked In a simple salt solution that is simillar to blood." Jaffe said. "By using the neutral thread instead of a wire you guarantee that all you lead to (he stump is eleclrlci'ty itself — that you arc not introducing any chemicals from a wire." The wicks wereTplaced inside liny rubber tubes and sewn under the animals' skins. For most of the animals, the wicks were attached to the negative pole of the battery and the positive placed under the "They had bone and cartilage and extraordinarily large amounts of nerve." he said. ••The forearm,completed itself and there were the beginnings of the little bones in the wrist." The test animals with short- circuited batteries just healed, but the amazing outcome was what happened to the frogs with positive wicks, he added. "Tissue deteriorated." he said. "There was a lot of degeneration inside the stump and even inside the upper arm, which was not cut. There were holes in the bone and muscle." Fish Fry Oct. 22 BUNKER HILL - The Maconaquah Music Department will sponsor a fish fry Oct. 22. The event is slated to take skin "so the circuit was com- place from 5 to 8 p.m. that day pleted through the whole body, in the high school cafeteria. in our Little LaflW Snappy Wedge Dual-layer er«pe sole. Full zipper. Tricot lining. Tan. Infants' Reg. 9.99. Now 7,68. Girls'; R«g. 13.99 Spsclifs good through this weeksnd. Pay-Less Good shoes don't haveto be expensive. 77 High Stopper Easy fit expandable lop and full zipper. Salt tricot lining: Black or brown. • . " EASTGATEPLAZA—U.S,24E.lOGANSPORT OPEN9TO9DAILY;fUNDAYmO6 _ AllO IN—INDIANA^ Otli-ANDiMON.|lOOMINOTQN4>ICHMOND Ear-piercing. It has to be done just right. And we have the professionals to do yours. For^ 2 days only. 7.95 The plact: JCPehney department store: You can have your ears pierced by a professional registered nurse. It's don* with non-allergenic surgical stainless steel earrings. ' . Saturday, Oct. 8,11-4 Sunday Oct. 9,1-5 , Monday, through Saturday 10 a.m. 'til 9p.m. Sunday .12:3<rt»l 5

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