Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 6, 1977 · Page 5
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 5

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Logansport, Indiana
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Thursday, October 6, 1977
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4—The Ph«i uj^rlbune. LoganspoK, !nd Thursday. October 6,1977 Editorial Comment *******««***•*•*****+**•**** Is This Operation Necessary? A study by Veterans Administration doctors says that, in 596 patients with angina pcctoris, a heart condition which causes sometimes debilitating pain because of narrowing of a heart artery, expensive bypass surgery was no more effective than treatment with medications for improving survival chances. Of 310 treated with medication, 87 percent survived- after three years while 88 percent treated surgically remained alive. The study appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine. Bypass surgery' is an expensive procedure, averaging $12,500. The major reason given by doctors who performed 70,000 such operations last year for doing the procedure is to improve survival chances. Many hundreds of thousands of angina sufferers are candidates for the operation, an editorial in the Journal said, but only if their doctors truly believe that 'it will improve a patient's survival chances. The study did not address itself to another reason for bypass surgery. It is reported to free angina victims of the pain of attack. Many reports also indicate 'that' one who has successfully recovered from bypass surgery is able to resume a more active life style and a more productive life than those whose treatment is limited to medication. No value was assigned to such a change in a patient's condition, Before bypass surgery is written off as an unnecessary and expensive operation, a study should be done of its effectiveness as a way to a better and fuller life. Though medical costs continue'to rise ; the expense of a specific procedure is not the basis on which it should be judged. The Postal Service As A Service Congressional critics of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) received a setback last week when a Carter administration spokesman proposed to change the law by making the Postmaster General a Presidential appointee, otherwise leaving it intact as an independent corporation. This compromise, based solely on Mr. Carter's target of a balanced budget by 1981, would permit the continuing the USPS was established. "It proved costly and not very efficient. The latter is the case now. It has proved even more costly and inefficient. The U.S. postal system should. be a service of government. As such, the nation's taxpayers should bear its cost of operation, in any amount beyond the income it produces from fees approved by rise'in most mail costs to postal Congress, to provide the level of users. The administration proposal seems primarily designed to permit the claim that Mr. Carter has carried out his promise to make the USPS more responsive to White House control/ It gives him another patronage to dispense, neither cut costs nor- improve postal efficiency. The choice to be made is between a completely subsidized service provided by a government service they decide, through their elected representatives, that they want. / The argument that users should pay for the service ignores the fact,that it is normally only the also senders of mail who are charged bit of under the independent cor- It will poration plan of operation. This may be proper where mailers are the primary beneficiaries- from their use of the mails. But receivers, svho benefit almost as much as senders from such'uses agency, or a privately operated as receiving newspapers arid corporation designed to operate magazines, news of their families, without loss and subsidized only the use of credit and in other to the extent that the government ways, are seldom required to pay uses its facilities for the Iran- for the service they receive. A smission of the mail it generates, subsidized, government-operated The former was the system before service would recognize this. Berry's World "I'm ALL FOR tax-reform — as long as they leave us our three-martini expense account lunch!." THE PHAROSVrRiBUNt Doily and Sunday (except Saturdays and Holidays) Si 00 par week by carrier in all cltiei and (owns and on rural motor routes. Repayment in ollice 13 weeks $13,00—26 weekvSJiiOOi 1 52 week* 152.00. By mail in Indiana where no carrier or motor roul* service it maintained/ 3 months-ll J.QO, A rnonfhi->26.00, SS2.00 per year; by mail outside Indiana, $52.00 per year. OuttWe Indiana-J months. 120.00, 6 months, $31.00, 1 year $5200 All mail subscriptions pfyoble tn Advance. No mail subscriptions >old--where corner or motor service is main-,, talned. , , On all ivbfcriplions poid in advance', whether by mail or home delivered publisher reserves the right to adjust the expiration dote on a pro-rato basis in the event any increase i» mode in » the price of the newspaper. Soit) adjustment shall be mode on the elective date of any on nounced price increase. • , fhoros established l«44 Journal established Reporter established - 1889 Tribune established 1907 logansport Press Established 1921 Oily except Saturday and holidays oy logonspor) Newspapers Inc $17 East .- ,—JBoepcrt; Indiana 4*947. Second class pottage poid at loaansaort, Ind,. under the •clelWvch). l«*7. . - ™ -""'^ Hard Times On The Farm By JAMES J. KILPATRICK Here in the Midwest, corn and wheat farmers arc suffering from an .old agrarian ailment: The best of limes and the worst of times turn out to be all the same thing. Nebraska growers have tremendous crops this year — and they're losing their shirts. . It is an immemorial custom, to be sure, for farmers to complain of harcl times. Farming would not he farming any other way.. But the grumbling this autumn is louder than usual. Inflationary forces have pushed up the price of everything the farmer has to buy; the inexorable laws of supply and demand have pushed down the price of what he sells. Scores of rriarginal farmers are giving up! On a recent Sunday, the Omaha World-Herald carried six columns of classified ads under- the heading of" farms for sale." Farming is just about everything but here. .All day long and 'well into the twilight, farm machines, like dinosaurs, crawl clumsily across the chocolate fields. The beasts devour the dead corn, 'spitting silage from their long ungainly necks; their yellow headlight eyes search- the dark land. For men and machines, farming is a task that knows no end. In most years the .task is financially rewarding. This year the figures tell a different story. It costs a Nebraska farmer from $1.50 to $.1, depending upon various factors, to produce a bushel of corn. The University of Nebraska says $2.10 is a fair average. But the average price received Isv the farmer is headed toward $1.23. With the small society every bushel he produces, he goes a little deeper in the hole. The sun and the rain were too good to the farmer this season, Nebraska's average- corn yield in 197fi was 83 bushels an acre. This year it increased to an even 100. The farmer who got 8,300 bushels off his 100- acre spread in 1976 got 10,000 bushels in 1977, but he raised noicries of jubilation. The '76 crop was worth $18,500; the '77 crop may have a market value of $12,300. Meanwhile, the price of all those dinosaur machines keeps going up. There is talk of a general strike, but few persons take the talij seriously. A couple of thousand disgruntled growers went to Pueblo, Colo., a few -weeks, ago to give Agriculture Secretary Bob Bergland a hard time. Bergland had some warm sympathy for them, and some cool advice also: Forget the strike talk. He wants Midwestern growers to reduce their production in 1978, and to store the grain they can't sell now. This too will pass. The country radio stations crackle with gloomy predictions. A state senator says 1 , one of every ten Nebraska farms will be sold a year hence. The papers carry ads for farm auctions in Hastings, Norfolk. Atkinson, Wayne and Grand Island. When these; topics get exhausted, a hailstorm or a few tornadoes come along. Country living ain't no sweet-smellin' bed of new- mown hay. Yet the wonderful thing about this region is that nothing really chills;;the Mid- ' westerner's love of his larid. ? -This correspondent happened to wander through Nebraska just as the 50th annual Ak-Sar-Ben livestock exposition was under way. The papers were filled with photographs of the 4-H winners. A 15-year- old named Kevin Mobley had produced the grand champion market lamb. Fourteen- year-old Kathryn Wiese had the champion Hereford. A pleasant feature story dealt with 11-year-old Shelly Olson of Milford, the fifth of the Don Olson children to enter prize-winning Holstein cows. You are never going to discourage these young people. Many of them will go off to college, and some of them will yield to the allures of urban life, but the pattern of family farming changes little year by year. In the worst of times, the emigration rate is higher; More sons go off to the city to sell cars or real estate or insurance. Things improve, and they tend to drift back. Farming demands immense capital these days, and not only capital; farming has become a highly skilled profession in which the inefficient producer gets plowed under. An Eastern visitor listens to the grumblings, sympathizes with the low prices, and understands the economic woes. But a visitor is more deeply impressed by the rich land, and by the insatiable machines, and by the faces of the 4-H youngsters. The prairie people have survived worse hardships than corn at $1.23. They will make it through the next growing season, and through : further autumns as far ahead as the eye can see. by Brickman /O-6 Carter Vs;Vif0 By MARTHA-ANGLE r . catdROBERTWALTERS • WASHINGTON (NBA) - A significant new battle appears toV.be looming in the institutional power struggle between the White House and Congress that has existed . aslongas:theRepublic.itself. President Carter, irked by what he sees as usurpation of executive branch authority, "is' weighingi-a challenge to the growing congressional tendency to assert _, control over enforcement of laws as well • as their.enactment, y At .issue is the "legislative veto," a device Congress has employed at an ever- accelerating rate over; the past decade in an effort to insure that "executive .agencies carry out the intent of a law even when they don't happen to agree with it, as was often the case under Presidents Nixon and'' Ford. In its most common form, it is a provision attached tp.l ; a bill that gives either house of Congress, or in some cases a smgie k commi!tee, the right to veto any regulatlons : promulgated by an executive agency to enforce the law in question. *. ."' The legislative' veto is not a new' • creation The first one dates back to, a , government reorganization act of 1932. But until recent years, it was a tool that was used only sparingly by Congress. More than half of the. laws'containing such a provision have been enacted since 1969. The election ofia'Democratic president ', has done nothing, to dampen congressional > enthusiasm for the legislative veto. In fact, (he leading advocate of the device is a longtime Carter;," friend and supporter, -Rep. Elliott Lcvitas.r^Ga Levltas is the chief sponsor of pending legislation that would give either house ol Congress the power tojveto any regulation 'promulgated .henceforth by an executive agency His bill very nearly passed the House last year, falling just two .votes shy """ of the two-thirds majority needed when ili"- was brought up.in OK final days of •th*S' 1 session under a'suspension of the rules? - Neaiiy halt of^tne-House members have signed on as cosponsorstnis year. , Carter, at a-recent cabinet .meeting, expressed grave concern about the-.constitutionality of the legislative veto, which has always been disputed by the Justice Department. He .'also brooded about the political implications of giving Congress the right to second-guess executive branch decisions, according to sources who attended the meeting. :. At Carter's direction, White House counsel Robert Lipshutz is now directing an,administration review of all existing and proposed laws which contain some form of legislative veto. "We want to figure out some way of resolving this peaceably,'" safd a Justice Department official involved m the review. "We "don't want to declare war on Congress "' Carter's opposition to the legislative veto, while traditional for a chief executive. Is 8 s " touch awkward for-a president who places so much emphasis on making the federal'bureaucracy more responsive to the people. As Levitas notes,'regulations issued Dy executive agencies cany the full force of law, but those who draft such rules are not accountable to the voters Members of ' Congress, who take the poUticaTneat for unpopular federal, regulations, cannot, correct abuses without going through the entire cumbersome process of rewriting the basic law in question unless a mechanism -like the legislative veto is available. - , . . "The real value of the legislative veto," the Georgia Democrat said, "Is that it, -sensitizes the bureaucracy. Those guys downtown will be a lot more carefuLabout how they write regulations if they know Congress is looking over their shoulders." Sometime next year, the Levltas bill is likely to reach the .Mouse floor Unless ? Carter -changes5-.Ms -opinion of the legislative'veto procedure, a full-scale donnybrobk between the White House and Congress could erupt at that point V, Reese By CHARLEY REESE If you wish to understand capitalism. imagine for a few moments you are the very' first person on earth. You are seated in a clearing in the wilderness. Except for you. the planet is empty of human beings. Now, even though all you can see are trees, shrubs, grasses and rocks, everything exists which makes possible everything which exists .today. The ingredients of atomic power, steam engines, rockets, automobiles, computers, ships, planes, guns, stretch panty hose and color TV are all available. But where are they? I don't see anything but trees, you say. Well, there are two other ingredients which are necessary for their creation and they are both within you. One is the ability to think; the other is the ability to work. If you apply thought plus labor to natural resources, you can create anything. , But, you say, I don't want a color TV. Right now, sitting here naked in the forest, I am getting hungry. • That's good, because now you can gain an insight into human motivation. Food and water exist in the forest, but if you continue to sit on a rock and meditate, neither will appear and within a few revolutions of the earth, you will die. How do you get food and water? You use the same formula. You use your power to think in order to locale and identify them and you use your body, since you have no tools, to fetch them. Thought and labor produce wealth. Need produces thought and labor, The fact that we live in a modern society does not change these fundamentals. .Wealth is still a product of thought and labor and resources. -•' Nature, however, does not create, all human beings equal. A few are brilliant, a few are stupid, and the majority are adequate. There are other differences, too, iri terms of energy level and motivation. In a free society, which is the only kind of society in which capitalism -can exist, those who are brilliant and highly motivated, acting in their own selfish interests, create more wealth than they can consume. It is on this excess wealth that the rest of us live, This newspaper, for example, is a product of someone's excess wealth. They acquired more wealth than they could personally consume so they used part of it to buy buildings, presses, ink, machines, paper and labor to produce a newspaper, Had they not done this, there would be' no market for my writing and 1 would be out of a job. They did not create this newspaper for my benefit; they created it for theirs. Yet I benefit. Furthermore it is in my own self-interest for them to continue to have an incentive for so employing their excess wealth. That incentive is earning a profit, the creation of new wealth. Without that incentive, they would withdraw their excess wealth, employ it somewhere else or just do the best they could to consume it. They do not need this • newspaper. I and the other employes do. .- ,One of the great fallacies of the Left is .•the exaltion of labor and the denigration of ' the capitalist. The original Henry Ford did not need workers; they needed him. Except for the product of his mind, they would have had to remain where they were — . on the farm or what not. Look at the underdeveloped countries. They have an excess of labor. If wealth were the product of labor alone. Red China and India would be the wealthiest instead of two of the poorest nations on' earth. Labor alone can produce only a minimum amount of wealth. Thought plus labor produces excess wealth. The- snag the Utopians have always run into is that the human being is a unique creature. So long as he is sane he always acts in what he perceives .to be. his. own sett-interest. Always A man's body can hie controlled by force, but not his mind Regardless of the rhetorical trappings, if you tell a human being that no matter how much he thinks or how hard he works- he will receive only ' a fixed portion of the wealth he creates, then he's going to create no more than what is needed to acquire that fixed portion. ... .- That's why socialism and communism lower the standard of living. No human capable of producing 100 widgets an hour is going to produce too widgets an hour if tie is compelled to accept the same reward as a man who can produce only 20 an hour. Your standard of living and mine are being jeopardized today by government officials and so-called intellectuals who think they can mold human- nature to fit their theories. Without freedom, you can't have capitalism; without capitalism: you can't have a high standard of living. Everytime you vote for more government regulation, for this public service, and for that social engineer, -you'd better at the. same time start adjusting your appetites and desires. You can achieve socialism, communism or fascism; but they all come with poverty. In The Past OnVY*arAgo Donald H. Heckard was nameo cochairman of the Indiana Farmers for Ford organization. The reassessment of real estate in Cass County outside of Eel township was expected to start soon. . Frank 'WUtawon and Edward Smith were named co-chairman •of}. the Cass County United Fund Drive. v i «. *• t, twenty Y«ar* Ago A resolution to establish tpOTd limits on Chase and Davit ftreet roads was passed by the Cass County commissioners. Fifty YMfi Ago Action on the hearings of the remon- strances against the school,, the county, and the library, tax rates were to be taken by the State Tare

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