The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on November 22, 1908 · Page 25
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 25

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Sunday, November 22, 1908
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tt THE BROOKLYN DAILY EAGL NEWS EDITORIAL '.mm NEW YORK CITY. SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 22. 1908. THREE CENTS. "NEWS ' EDITORIAL IT ONCE ON THE GUN LOCKS Estimated Cost Will Be $1 8,000,. 000; Vessels to Be Lifted 85 Feet. MAY TAKE 5 YEARS TO BUILD. 4,500,000 Barrels of Portland Cement Will Be Required Length of lock;s 4,000 Feet. THE CRBAT GATUN LOCKS. Estimated ejoat $18,000,000 Estimated eight of concrete lAuk structure 337,500 tons Portland itement required 4,500,000 barrels Required to transport J.-ement from New York 900 vessels Cost. r,f rement $6,030,000 Cost jjf cableways to hajsidle cement and cenerete $309,000 Lehgth of locks Ljfngth of each lork, (eight vessels will be lifted Time estimated to construct locks ... shown by the government blue-print, the uniform depth of water in the locks will be 41 1-3 feet. The maximum lifts of the locks will be 29 feet. The coping' of the lower lock will have a height of 32 feet, of the second lock, 01 feet, and of the third lock, 90 feet. The canal will be level then for some fifteen miles to Pedro Miguel, where it will descend through two locks, thence level several miles to Miraflores, where it will make its final descent through one lock to the Pacific level, some ten miles inland from Panama. "You must understand that the con- 4,000 feet 1,000 feet 85 feet 4 to 5 years With all technical points and alleged scandals settled, with contracts for ce ment, cabloways and carriers affirmed. work on the great Gatun locks of the Tanama Canal the most gigantic locks ever conceived will be commenced about the end of this month. Within the last several days the last and final change in this huge engineering entcrpriso was made, and yesterday the first blue print of the locks as tbey will appear when completed arrived in this city. A flotilla of Portland cement, crushed stone, cable-ways, steel towers, buckets and railways will be started on Its way to Colon by the 201 h of this month. At tho offices of the Lidgerwood Company, which has tho contract to supply and erect the cableways for $309,000, to OF FINE PUBLIC BATHS Handsome New Buildings Near-ing Completion in Two Localities. WILL MAKE SEVEN IN ALL Congested Districts Benefited Par. ticularly by Elaborate Bathing Facilities Provided by City. Lidgerwood Cableways Grab-Bucket for Gatun Locks, Filled. tract of this firm Is not to build the locks, but lo construct and Install cableways 'for handling the materials of which the locks will be made. This will consist of one single and two double cableways, operating grab buckets, four duplex cableways across the locks for placing concrete and the necessary electrical motors for driving the same. The head and tail towers will be of steel. 85 feet high, running on four tracks The towers will be so arranged that the garb buckets can be raised or lowered 175 feet, and run in a continuous direction 670 feet With the return last week to the full time schedule In all interior public baths of Brooklyn, there was started what probably will be the greatest year In the history of these baths. The past summer was the best so far, in spite of the fact that toward its close tho baths were open only half the usual time, from 1 P.M. till 9, Instead of from 6 A.M. to 10 P.M., because the appropriation had run out. Now, It is believed, there will be funds enough to carry on the work properly during the winter and it Is promised that within a few mouths, two new baths will be opened to the public, the fine buildings nearlng completion at Fourth avenue and President street, and at Hamburg and WiUoughby avenues. To many people the words "public baths," suggest, the open floating baths on the waterfront, with a swarAi of men and boys "cooling off" on a hot summer's day. But the more important baths are the all-the-year-around buildings scattered through the city, with accommodations for women as well as men, maintained at an enormous expense to the borough, In order that the poor especially the women folks, who usually have no other chance at all may-there cultivate or indulge the habit of personal cleanliness. There are five of these interior baths now in operation, Jii each of which ample provision has been made for women patrons. These are on Hicks street, near mm. fft);';-""- r Lidgerwood Cableways as They Will Appear on the Gatun Locks. be used for the construction of the Gatun locks, It was stated that this was the largest enterprise of the kind ever awarded, although this concern has equipped almost every modern canal, dam, railway, water works, etc., in the world. Spencer Miller is the construction engineer of the concern and gave out the first statement descriptive of the Gatun locks which has ever been issued. No statement has been possible heretofore, as the engineer corps at Panama had not agreed upon definite plans. "After entering the canal and less than ten miles beyond Colon," said Mr. Miller, "I here is a sudden rise of 85 feet into (atun Lake. This required a series of mighty locks to elevate or lower vessels and have a carrying capacity pf six tons at the lifting hook." The cableways equipment of the Panama Canal will be of the same types, practically, as has been installed by the Lidgerwood Company on the Illinois Drainage Canal, Erie Canal, United States Reclamation Canals, coaling warships at sea. constructing dams in Africa and other countries, railway and other bridges, Irrigation canals, mining, etc. At the Atlae Portland Cement Company offices it was stated that the concern had a contract with the government for 4,500,000 barrels of cement, which must be delivered at. the rate of 5,000 barrels per day. It will require an average of a vessel per day to make this delivery from New York, nine hundred vessel loads being demanded. The Panama Canal Commission estimated that the cpast of the cement delivered at Gatun will be $1.34 per barrel, or a total of $6,030,000. The average total cost of concrete, for labor and materials, is $6.50 per cubic yard. It Is estimated that the cost at Gatun will be at least $6 per cublo yard, or $18,000,000 for 8.000,000 cubic yards of concrete to be laid. The weight of a cubic yard of concrete is 2,267 pounds. The total weight of the concrete to be used In the Gatun locks would, therefore, be 8,100,000,000 pounds, or 337,500 long tons. Degraw; on Pitkin avenue, Brownsville; on Montrose avenue, Huron street, and Duffleld street. All in poor neighborhoods, you see, and very badly needed. The first of these, on Hicks street, was built during Mr. Swanstrom's administration, and the others have been erected from time to time, as new districts have become crowded. Perhaps the most Important event In connection with this work will be the opening of these the Fourth avenue building has but two stories. There is one new feature in the Fourth avenue bath a fine big swimming pool in the basement, the only one In any I public balh tn New York City. All the others have showers, and some have a few tubs, but the joys of the plunge have I been denied to the patrons. There need be no question as to sanitation in regard to this swimming pool, as every modern precaution has been taken, the materials are of the best, and the plumbing is perfect. The water will be changed frequently, and every person who enters the plunge will be required first to take a regular hath in one of the showers, of which thirty-four are provided in the basement alone for this1 very purpose. The pool measures 40 by 60 feet and ranges from 4 feet to 6 feet in depth. The sides and botton are of terrazza. The pool will be used on alternate days by the women and the men. The exterior of the building is of brick, terra-cotta and faience, and hns a splen did double entrance on Fourth avenue, I one side for men and the other for j women. The interior, and the facings of the shower rooms are finished in marble. I On the two main floors, on opposite sides of the building, are thirty-one showers for women and forty-one Rhowers for men. maklne. with those in the basement, a total of 106. There are in addition several bathtubs and two drink ing fountains. ' In the new balh for the Bushwick section are ninety-eight, showers all told, seventy-seven for men and twenty-one for women. This building is simple in design, and is made of Indiana limestone, wllh an interior much like that of the one just described. There is a general impression, which does not do justice to the people who patronize these baths, that the "business" is limited to the summer months, and that the bathers take advantage of their opportunities merely to become cool In hot weather. The facts disprove this. Of course, there is a much larger number in the summer than in the winter, but there is a steady, and really astonishing patronage every jnonth in the year, and the officials in charge of the work say that even the figures do injustice to the people, in a measure, as the actual number of persons utilizing the baths does not decrease in so great proportion as these would indicate, but the visits of the same people are less frequent In the cold season as is perfectly natural. Up to date, beginning with January 1, this year, 1.842,706 persons have used the baths of Brooklyn, of whom just about one-third are women. The largest number in, any one bath -605.359 used the building in Brownsville. ' For the use of ordinary shower baths there is no charge whatever, and very many of the women carry with them their own soap and towels. When they do not, they are provided with these at 1 cent each a price which barely pays for the laundering. Yet in the summer months $400 a week is taken in on an average at the baths. Tn October and November the average is $200, and this Is true of the colder mouths, showing that the object of the bathers 1b real cleanliness, re gardless of weather conditions. This ratio of about half as many In winter as in summer, has been main tained for some years, but more and more there is a growing tendency to Increase the proportion of the colder season, showing that those who need to be "educated" up to requirements are learning and benefiting. This fine showing was not of such gradual growth as might be thought. In 1905, for instance, the total amount taken In for towels and soap was $4,000, and the next year the first, under the management of Commissioner of Public Buildings Joseph M. Lawrence this leaped to $12,000. This amount has been maintained ever since, the $12,000 mark for 1908 having just been passed, al-althongh some weeks of the year still remain and although for a. month or so the balhs were on half time. Frequenters of Baths Composed Mainly of Foreigners. Bin. still by far the great majority is composed or foreigners of every country and of every sort of characteristic, and a most picturesque looking set they are. They present, sometimes a strange mixture of twentieth century science and medical peasant customs, but always they are interesting, and often they are pathetic. If one can see below the surface, renllze their environment and ap- I In every detail the Leading Ketail bstablisnment of Brooklyn. Brooklyn Institute Tickets on Sale Fourth Floor: Piano Store 9X1(1 V r Thanksgivin Christmas Special News. jcc i cic o ciiiu y; i nib oclliuii. A Very Great Opportunity in This November Piano Sale. WHY NOT HAVE THE NEW PIANO AT HOME in time for ThanksKivinf?? Why not at the same time turn to advantage the opportunity presented by this sale of "used" instruments a sale including upripht and grand Pianos, Player-pianos and Piano Players ? We commend the offering especially on account of the very fine character of many of the instruments. Not only do they bear widely known and honored names, but you will recognize them as modern instruments, in casings of new style and in musical condition as fine as any one could ask. All of them have come to us in part payment for Looser, Heller and Keiman instruments. All of them have come from homes where they had reasonable use. All of them are backed by our full guarantee of their worth. , It is an opportuhity well worth careful investigation. SEVERAL SENT TO SING SING. Emptying Concrete. passing. The locks will be 4,000 feet long in all. There will be three double locks, 'each 1,000 feet long, the remaining 1,000 feet being divided into gates, approaches, etc. There will be double canals In the locks for vessels passing in opposite directions. Each canal lock will be 110 feet wide, with a 60-foot concrete wall between the two lineB, so that there will be practically six locks. The outside walls will be of concrete, BO feet thick al Iho base, tapering toward the tops in steps. 'There will be five steel cableways used to unload crushed stone and sand from barges and delivered on huge storage piles. On each side of the locks will bo four-track railways, 4.000 feet long. Steel operating towers will run on these parallel tracks, eight hundred feet apart, connected by steel cables, which will carry two self-feeding grab buckets each. One man will operate each cabloway, directing tho lowering of buckets Into barge holds, where they will automatically fill themselves, be hoisted vertically and conveyed horizontally to the point where tho bucket willytiutomatically unload itself. Kach bucket holds two cubic yards of materials and makes forty trips per hour. As each cable carries two bucketB there will be a delivery per cable of one hundred and sixty cubic yards per hour. "The material taken to the dump piles, tho crushed stone and sand, aided to Portland cement. Is Ihen conveyed by the cable railway to tho site of the locks, where It passes through a mixer, picked up by eight more cablowayn and delivered where wanted In constructing lock walls. The great lorlts will require nearly 'I.OOO.WO cubic yards of concrete ami will possibly be four or more years in building. "The construction work of the locks will be done by the government, and not by contract. All of the excavation work by steam shovels has already been done, but the plans of the locks themselves I'ave been delayed until all technical objections havo been swept away. As Judge Ottaway of Chautauqua County Sentenced Them. Ring Sing sentences were meted out to a number of convicted persons yesterday by County Judge Ottaway, of Chautauqua County, who has been assisting in the trial of cases In Brooklyn for some weeks. In the absence of Judge Faw-cett. Among those sentenced wore Michael Reynolds, John Sorentio, Philip Salerno, and Walter Taylor. Reynolds got five years for passing a bad check, Soren tio the same for burglary. Salerno four years for an assault on his daughter, and Taylor four years and six months for stealing. MISSIONYACHTCLUB DIRECTORS (Special to the Eagle.) Albany, November 21 C. Lynn Bundy, E. M. Hatfield, M. D. Lawrence, W. E. Laidler, Wallace Downey and Oeorge E. Benn of Brooklyn are directors of the Mission Yacht Club of New York City, just incorporated with the Secretary of State. 1 ill f w P tm p it. Two Upright Pianos at $100. Ten dollars cash and five dollars a month. Price Price new. now. Central Piano Co., rosewood $300 $100 J. & C. Fischer, rosewood $300 $100 Two Grand Pianos at $100. Perfectly suitable for a dancing academy, school, club or institution. Ten dollars cash and five dollars per month. Price Price new. now. Hale Baby Grand, rosewood $600 $100 Gilbert Small Grand, rosewood $600 $100 Two Upright Pianos at $125. Ten dollars cash and five dollars monthly. Price Price new, now. Schumann & Sons, mahogany $300 $125 Held, mahogany $300 $125 Five Upright Pianos at $175. 7Vn dollars cash and five dollurs monthly. Price Prlfle new. row. Chickering, ebony $400 $175 Wheelock, walnut. ... $300 $175 Richmond, mahogany. $350 $175 Smith & Barnes, mahogany $350 $175 Schiller, mahogany.. $350 $175 Three Upright Pianos at $150. Ten dollars cash and five dollars monthly. Cambridge, rosewood. $300 $150 Guild, walnut $350 $150 Haines Bios., ebony.. $400 $200 14 Upright Pianos at $200. Ten dollars cash and five dollars mommy. llfw. $450 $450 $500 $450 $450 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $201) $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 Combinations of Piano and Piano-player, F'rico Prlre new. now. Loeser Small Grand and Loeser Cabinet Piano player, mahogany $1025 $750 An ideal combination of perfect piano and perfect player. Richmond Upright Piano and Piunola Piano-player, walnut Heller Upright Piano and Hardman Behr Bros., walnut.. Behr Bros., ebony... Bohr Bros., oak Chickering, ebony... Chickcring, cbonv. . . Colby, mahogany $450 f-merson, mahogany.. $32;j Everett, walnut $450 Gabler, mahogany.... $350 Kroeger, mahogany. . . $450 Richmond, walnut.... $350 Rogers, mahogany. . . . $350 Temple, mahogany . . . $350 Sterling, oak $350 A Concert Grand Piano, $200. Prlro I'rlra now. now, Chickcring & Sons, ebony $900 $200 This magnificent instrument is in perfect condition and is a remarkable example of the Loeser piano values. Its suitability for a public institution, school or clubhouse is apparent. Other Upright Pianos. Terms, up to and including the price of $1,00, ten dollars cash and six dollars monthly. Terms on hiilb-.r priced instruments in proportion. Mr Behr Bros., mahogany $500 Knabc, mahogany.... $!MI0 Knabe, oak $550 Knabe, mahogany.... $575 Knabe, white mahogany $nno Starr, mahogany $350 Steinway & Sons, ebony $550 Steinway & Sons, ebony $500 Steinway & Sons, ebony $500 Starr, mahogany, art model $450 Other Grand Pianos. Splendid, mellow, matured creations; lit specimens of the craftsmanship traditional with the men whose eminent names they bear. Special remark is appropriate of the Looser Grand included here. Us condition is perfect. Price Prir now. now. 1'rl. o now . $325 $400 $400 $375 $550 $225 $350 $250 $250 $250 Wheelock Upright Piano and Pianola $600 $300 $500 $325 $350 $273 $600 $300 $600 $300 $600 $325 $650 $450 New Bath at Fourth Avenue and President Street. two new baths, which will be practically simultaneous and which will give almost 50 per cent, more accommodations than at present. Both of these are Imposing structures The Fourth avenue building Is the most pretentious of all the seven baths nnd Is an ornament to the neighborhood In which it has been placed. It has been erected at the approximate cost of $157,200, and Is a fine example of modified Renaissance architecture. The other bath, on Hnm-burg avenue, Is costing even more, .11(13.-488, as it Is three storlet In height, while GATUN LOCKS PLANS. C7L lie rr Mill l " " JW MJ prociate their struggles to do what is right and become like the sturdy American citizens whom they see around them, taking for granted the things which at first seem to them so marvelous and so unattainable In their poverty. A long line of poorly dressod women, soma trying to keep an eye on frisky, small daughters as they dodge around among trucks and pedestrians, some carrying heavy, squalling babies have you ever seen them as they stand on the steps of a building or out In the street, sometimes stretching down and around a corner, all patiently waiting for that greatest of luxuries, a fine, cool bath on a sweltering summer dayT No room, no conveniences, often, no water, sometimes, if all the people In a tenement happen to want It at the one tlmo and the pressuro is low how are they to keep to the standards of cleanliness In their homes? Formerly they couldn't and didn't, but now. as 'one by one In the congested districts there have been built up these public bnths they have been enabled to approach the condition so easy to the richer classes, so new and hard for them, In or out of the bath buildings the patrons are an interesting looking set. Often their manners and wnys are strange. A riot of color fills anyplace where the Ttalinn women congroKufe, and weird ere the combinations of hohv of those from other nations. In the distinctly .Jewihh sections the most noticeable feature :s the ijuontltles of pliawls red shawls, gray shawls, plaid shawls, white shawls, large and small, heavy and light, somlior colored anil gay. Tlo'V adorn the heads of the Hebrews un'H 'lie last possible moment on the horto--i .Inly day; they t seem nn nll-arlr'qiiiiio protection against Iho Heroost winti i' l'lHs!H;anrl when the owners retire io th' ir respective i ubby-holi's lo undroHf an. I onjoy the soothing showorR within, thon out p' op the shawls whore i hey are llnna nir the i op of iho abbreviated dmu or pinned on iho bin-, across the small ohlonis windows, to keep out Inquisitive elate There arp lively i when the women l.r I quarreling, and yi are a peaceable l.n privilege or a E-mi eirotimstancos. In especially wIi'to " 1 most numerous tiin they can da to ctu'urtt Ihs strict ruk-s m nneo In a hll ik the rules or got oi. 'he whole ihey e;iK"r to enjoy the Path under proper ;Onto of the plaeoH. r'a;n foreigners are a ' onda nt s have all Rogers Upright Piano and Pianola Piano Player, mahogany Richmond Upright Piano and Pianista Piano Player, mahogany Smith & Barnes Upright Piano and An- gelus Piano Player Looser Upright Piano and Loeser Piano Player Fine Group of Used Player-pianos. Each of these fine instruments has been made perfect, and most of them required very little attention. The Player-pianos of our regular line have been returned from summer rentals, and cannot be told from new. The others are examples of instruments taken in exchange for Loeser, Heller and Reiman Player-pianos or for Loeser Cabinet Piano Players. Prlre now. One Loeser Player-piano, mahogany $800 One Looser Player-piano, mahogany $H00 One Loeser Player-piano, walnut.. SHOO One Loeser Player-piano, oak $800 rour Heller rlayer-pianos, mahoganv. each $600 $475 I'rlco now. $600 $600 $600 $600 i roi V James & llolstrom, small grand, ebony. $050 $325 Starr Baby Grand, mahogany $750 $400 Knabo Miniature Grand, rosewood . . . $750 $550 Sohmor Small Grand, rosewood $650 400 Loeser Small Grand, oak $700 S.l.in I'rlro Prion Two Reiman Player-pianos, mahogany, each $500 $395 One Stuyvesant Pianola Player-piano," mahogany $550 $400 Worthy Used Cabinet Piano Players. In excellent condition of case and mechanism, and worthy a place in any home where the cherished Piano cannot, for sentimental reasons, be given up, and yet where the need of the player mechanism! wherewith all can play, is seen. Prleo Prleo Playano Piano Player, mahogany $250 $123 Hardman Piano Player, mission oak $25(1 $75 Angelus Piano Player, mahogany $25(1 $123 Pianola Piano Player, mahogany' $2511 $100 Pianola Piano Player, walnut $250 $100 Pianola Piano Player, ebony $250 $100 Angelus Piano Player, ebony K250 $75 Angelus Piano Player, rosewood $250 $50 TERMS. Upright Pianos priced at $2(10 or under, $10 cash and $ monthly. Between $201) and $ 100, $10 eash and $6 monthly. Over $300 to $100, $10 cash and $10 monthly. Grand Pianos, $20 cash and $15 monthly. Cabinet PlayerB, $10 cash and $0 monthly. Combinations of Piano and Cabinet Plaver priced up to including $400, $20 rash and $12 monthly. Player-pianos between $IJ75 and $175, $15 cash and $12.50 monthly. Player-pianos $175 and $000, $25 cash, S15 monthly. Player-pianos priced at $000, $r!5 cash and $20 monthly. Interest at the rate of 4 per cent, per milium i.- i-iiargeu on (1(1 erred payments. 1'ij'jilll Il..ir. iiRainst tlio usn of bringing Jn materials for anoiiuing tiio body. TIipho, it Is said, clog up the pipuR, and thora is no n(J of trouble getting thorn in shape again. In one bath near the former ramping ground of some gypslns there used to he constant warfare on this point, for every true daughter of J'KVPt would manago lo sneak in oils or something of thr sort limoH in thnir own homos they luive no wiirm water, and tho temptation to we;ir a few rxtra layers around to iho hath and wiiPh them in the ni-'e lute tubs iH almost irresistible. Amusing: Incidents at the Baths. Most of the people Ret nc-ustomed in a KurpriHinKly abort time to the luxuri In the few rooms with tubs ultra 'he place, anrl take them for rranod swell, thene; 5 cents for a balh the question of clothen washing ia sure tn come up. This is strictly against the rules, and if the wnmn are discovered at It they ore promptly evicted, but sorne- When tln-y obey rul-n tiiy -t a!on v-ry well and the life of the attendants is uneventful. Tint when H'rantf'-rM coin'! women who hare n'ver in their llva Knr.n or used the sort of eon' rations pui BATH AT HAMBURG AND WILLOUGHBY AVS. HZ -1 - - ( I -iV S .,. ,,, in now. T,.c y..,: .v.,,, T ''Ira' 4 VT E tiifJ j ; .r. .( !'' bv -.n tl." iron! -I....... Ob. : . J i t V" jMitM her lw.. Wouldn't vmi 1 h r, Ic ,1 M, .. T"":-ir " . T,t'r.'u.'", T'r"i" '"i """'-y ' ' ."id I r'!l yn'i ;i ir.ik' s it,, :h;irp .. ' be W,':Z ' h'TU." fit thoir scrvi. e afinisinc things sometime. oeeur. A n;w gue.st is not nolle... and is allowed to k into a room. Sho comes out Indignant and Jabber at th attendant. After a few uinwmH a s discover." that he in d-mandlng sourr Hort of t tih. The Khower taps re showed to her and explained, a wnlj , ; poHfiibi", and who in b-rt to her fat. In a f"W minuti-s there In a shriek a:i 'i wild-uyod, uii'Jr"Njeii creature rubhen out and a'ampedes the rrowd. The sudden douche ha t.TrUh-d her. and it takes eoriKiderabli persuasion to get. hr to go hark. Again, she i left alone. AgAlri there in a s' renm, iollowed by moans and unintelligent imprecations. She h turned on the hot water only, and say she is par -boiled. Nothing will induce her to make another attempt, and she i helped to drchb. To be in chaige of one of these institutions jh tn lif.'hi. task, as wju seen during tt reeuut visit io one of t hi m on a dav whet) there w;ih aimoft more of a crowd than couid b comtor ably handled Hut. iui'k Judgment and a benae of humor helped 'I pose of the rnoKt, aj'giavating ciiHer-, a nd it war; no' i-ed That then; wan many a bit. of conedy among th" rush and worries "So in o of t hern am plnguov long,'' v i In; m -ft t h mat run. "They aru limited to hall an hour for dressing and all, but wo r.in't always lime them. .Sotno ol th.-rn would stay half a day it 'hey could, and k-cp th" o?h rn out. "Here vo'i"' io a middle aged woman who v.as trying 'o escape unnoticed. "Vou'vn been in there two hours. Two hourH, you umiiTKt and '.' (Sure, die knows what I Hfiid. but (she won't I t .m.i Don't, you come around lu-te agajn In a hurry. to -morrow i wn't let you "( no business t o k'"i aiting RU'-h a di.gracftfiil had to rut off hildrwi

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