«-Tl» Italy-Tribune. Lo^uuport. Ind. Wednesday. Octobers. 1977 Shr Editorial Comment ************************* Penny-Wise Could Cost A Pretty Penny Although by itself the penny buys almost nothing these days, ft remains the most popular and widely used coin in the United States. Last year some ll billion were minted. By 1980, at the present rate of demand, 12 to 15 billion will need to be made. And by 1990, 25 billion a year will be required in the American retail economy. In spite of the popularity of pennies, U.S. Treasury officials looking for ways to save money are considering abolishing the one-cent piece. The expected demand may force Treasury to build a new mint for the sole purpose of striking additional pennies for the economy. The cost of the new mint would be at least $65 million. By abolishing the coin, Treasury could also save on metal, salaries for those handling them, and for shipping and storage.' All this could be good for the Treasury's budget. But what about the budgets of those who use pennies? If a new two-cent piece were put into circulation, as some suggest, the effect would be to change prices from odd to even numbers, so that, for example, something now selling for $2.69 would sell for S2.70. This additional cent in price would cost consumers upwards of $1 billion a year, according to some experts. This is because few believe that merchants would round their prices downward. There is even the possibility that all prices would be rounded to the nearest nickel, which would increase prices even more with upward rounding. If the penny and the odd-figured price were not so much part of the retail economy and the penny not so popular, arguments in favor of getting rid of it might have more appeal. Other coins which had fallen into disuse, such as the halfpenny, the two-cent and the three- cent piece were abolished with lew objections during the 19th century. To abolish an unpopular coin is one thing. To abandon America's most popular coin for the sake of reducing Treasury spending is another. Before the penny is consigned to history, Treasury should ask about the budgets and preferences of others. Ultimatum To Carter Red Face Of Imperialism From Africa and Southeast Asia come reports of the difficulties which "winning" Communist governments are having imposing their will on the peoples they have conquered. Refugees and travelers tell stories of frequent clashes between guerrilla forces,, once supported by the United , States, and the Marxist rulers of theno longer divided nation. In Ethiopia, the Soviet-backed "government is losing control of more than half the country and is fighting on two fronts. In the south, guerrillas supported by the government of Somalia, have won nearly complete control of a vast region. In the north, Eritrea has nearly achieved independence. Angola, where 15,000 Cubans backed with Soviet arms and funds, installed the Popular Liberation government, is still a bloody battleground. The UNflTA forces, once U.S. backed, have taken over much of the countryside in the rich central plateau. The forces in conflict are not fighting for ideological reasons. These are racial, tribal and religious wars. They are the continuation of ancient.struggles that were being fought before the appearance of westerners in Africa and Southeast Asia, The struggles are more savage now. This tribal warfare, is being fought with modern weapons, not spears and knives and arrows. The guerrillas- regardless of political orientation, are employing the well-developed tactics put in manuals by Communist students of warfare from China's Mao to Cuba's Che Guevera and claimed by the Soviets as Marxist doctrine for "wars of liberation:" Call these wars revolution, guerrilla action of terrorist attacks on "legal" governments, they seem to show that the world's Communist leaders have not learned what We in the United States should have learned in Vietnam. The people of a region will fight on, and often win, what should be their inalienable right to choose their way of life and the system of government under which they will live. By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK WASHI.NGTON-The need . for u President to prolcct himself from his own political party was raised recently when Democratic National Chairman Kenneth Curtis, in his understated way, delivered ;i virtual ultimatum to the White House. Curtis, the publicit'y-shy former governor of Maine, complained that presidential aide Mark Siege!. had been turning up at meetings of the Democratic Executive Committee to direct traffic. So. Curtis put it to the President in approximately these..words: if you want Mark Siegel or any other While House staffer to run the party, jusl tell me and I'll quit. Thai attitude'derives partly from the fact that Curtis musi function amid rosy memories of his spectacular predecessor as nation;)! chairman. Robert -Strauss i whose executive director was none other than Siege!). But beyond personalities, the White House worries thai protection of Presideni Carter's interests has a lower priority for Chairman Curtis. His ultimatum has been ignored. Siogel- was present Friday morning when top presidential aid Hamilton Jordan conferred at the White House with Curtis. And when the Democratic National Commiltee meets in Washington this week, Siegel will be present. But that alone does not remove concerns at the White House that the party under Curtis may'reverl lo the self-indulgence which proved ruinous at Miami Beach in Ihe summer of 1972. Specifically, worries center on Ihe parly's 1978 mid-term conference, Whose delegates—possibly selected via the puota svstem—miahl embark on a wild spree of policy the s m oil s o cj e t y declarations, A hint of possible chaos ahead came at an Aug. 12 meeting at (he 25-member Democratic Executive Committee which adopted a resolution condemning British "occupation," of Northern Ireland. National commitleeman Patrick J, Cunningham of, New York, sponsor-of the resolution,.was asked whether Strauss as national ch'airman'would have permitted such a mischievous proposal to pass. "Hell." Cunningham replied,' "if Bob Strauss were around, .we wouldn't even have introduced it.'" Curtis made no effort to kill the Irish resolution. Nor "at an earlier Executive Committee meeting did he support the Wliiie House desire to limil delegates at the mid-term conference. Curtis, who does not like to preside, surrendered the chair to an advocate of more, not fewer, delegates: Mayor Coleman Young of Detroit. The smaller delegate total was approved, partially thanks-to intervention from Siegel-t'riggering Curt'is's ultimatum, • But the President was less fortunate when on Aug. 12, without Siegel present, the Executive Committee issued a "preliminary call" for the mid-term conference that evoked unwelcome nostalgia about 1972. In effect, it set delegate quotas for blacks, Indians and. youth. Influential Democratic state chairman Morley Winograd of Michigan warned that his state would not send delegates to the conference if the "preliminary" call became permanent. Winograd, who conferred with Jordan'ai (he While.House last week, intends ID junk the embryonic quota system at this -.week's National Committee meeting—with help from the Whi io House. Nobody expected or wanted Curtis to duplicate the high-stepping Strauss, who had a free hand at the National Committee with no Democrat in the While House to upstage him. But influential members of the committee, all ardent Strauss admirers, have become so frustrated with Curtis (one actually called him a "rockhead from Maine") that they have turned for help lo Strauss's old deputy. Siegel. His knowledge of party issues and personalities is unparalleled: Curtis has his own admirers on the National Committee—such as Ulric Scott, the New Minnesota state chairman. Scott resenls "White House interference" in party affairs and wants the mid-term conference freely and openly lo debate the issues—just as they do in Minnesota's Democralie-Farmer-Labor party. Scott on Curtis: "1 think he's been terrific." That Curtis might share the Minnesota view that the President has no business running his parly astounds Carter advisers. "John Bailey must be turning over in his grave," comments one such adviser, remembering that Bailey as national chairman sacrificed his own reputation to defend Lyndon Johnson against the anti- Vietnam assault. There have been quiet signs that the White House has had about enough. Despite previous reluctance—in the interests of Curtis's sensibilities—to assign a subordinate to handle party matters, Jordan now has designated Siegel and presidential appointments secretary Rick Hutcheson to make sure that the mid-term conference does not become a fiasco for Jimmy Carter. The President has plenty of serious trouble on his hands without piling on more from hi s own party. by Brick man to-G W«hinnton Star Syndicate, inc. Reporter Berry's World ByMARTHAANGLE and ROBERT WALTERS WASHINGTON (SEA) — President Carter has placed himself in opposition to a device which allows the nalioh's gas and electric companies to completely bypass stale regulatory commissions while adding billions of dollars lo their customer rates. , Carter's recent pro-consumer sland went virtually unnoliced because it came durinc a hectic day-long campaien swine through Virginia on behalf of Henry Howell. Ihe-Democratic candidale in the Old Dominion's gubernatorial election this year. The Presideni sharply criticized the "fuel adjustment clause" iFAC), a scheme enthusiastically embraced by the utilities when the price of oil and oUier fuels began to skyrocket during the 1973-1 Arab oil embargo. The industry successfully argued thai it should be allowed to automatically pass along to the consumer a!) the .increased costs incurred in buying fuel — vast amounts of oil to generate power in the case of the electric companies and gas purchased by the gas companies. The utilities claimed that-it no longer was economically feasible for them to seek revenue increases through the traditional, sometimes protra'cted rate-making proceedings conducted by the state regulatory agencies. More than -10 of the 50 state commissions acquiesced to that scheme, and the results have been startling. Last year, for example, the state regulatory bodies granted the gas and electric companies $3.1 billion worth of rate increases after conducting formal proceedings. But at the same time, the utilities picked up another $9.6 billion in additional — and automatic — ract increases by simply passing along 4o their customers the higher fuel costs. Those figures were compiled by the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, which reported an "astronomical" $27.6 billion worth of FAC increases from 1974 through 1976. a three-year period in which regulatory commissions authorized only J10.3 billion worth of rate hikes. Moreover, the congressional committee found that in many states the utilities have gone far beyond the original concept and now are including not only fuel costs but also transportation charges, taxes, fees, handling costs and even salaries. The FAC concept ought to be drastically limited, if not abolished, because it provides no incentive for the utilities to seek any economies in their fuel purchase as long as all those costs will be immediately-passed along to their customers. "It is hard to believe," the President told a Roanoke. Va. audience, "that every'time energy costs go up, that utility companies automatically raise your rates and the regulatory agencies don't have a thing in the world to say about it. That ought to be changed." ,- ; In Norfolk, Va. a few hours later. Carter again criticized utility rate increases "passed on to you automatically...decided only by the power company." . But in botlvl speeches; the : President wrongly assumed that \lhe. practice; was 1 limited to" Virginia. He said tfie situation ' was : different in "neighboring .states" when, in fact. FAC increases'have'been experienced during the past three years in every- stale bordering Virginia — Maryland, Tennessee. North Carolina and West Virginia — and more than 30 other states as well. In Carter's own home state, fhe Georgia Power Co., Savannah Electric & Power Co. and Atlanta Gas Light Co. have extracted more than $954.8 million from their customers during the past three years through Imposition of fuel adjustment costs. Carter's staff reportedly is concerned about the problem but the Senate's emasculation of the administration's energy program has produced trepidation on the issue within the White House. If the President docs indeed feel strongly about the issue — as he ought to — it's lime to : seek remedial federal legislation. "Don't mind Johnny. He's lust going through a psychological 'burnout'!" THI PHAROS-TRIBUNE Doll)' and Sunday («xc«pt Saturday! and Holiday*) f 1.00 p»r wr*k by carrier in all cilim and towni and en rural motor routa. Prepayment in office 13 weeks $13.00—26 weeks $26.00—. S2 wwfct 132.00. >y mail in Indiana where no carrier or motor route twice it maintained, $52.00 Mr jn>or: by mall outiioe Indiana, 152.00 per year. Outi.de Indiana—3 monlhi,* $20 00, 6 montni, $31.00. 1 yMr. 152.00. All moil fubtcriptioni payable m'Advance. No-moil »ub. •crfptiont fold where carrier or motor route lerviee it maintained. On oil wibtcrlpfiofu paid in advance, whether by mail or home delivered, publnher retervn the right to odjutt the expiration date on a pro-rota boiii in the event any increaie i> made in the prke of the newtpoper. Said adjutlmem thai) be made on the effective date of any announced price increote. • ' - •horoieiiooNihed 1«44. Journal ettoblUhed Tf-S loaaniport Pren Ettablithed 192) Reporter eitabliihed 18S9 Tribune ettablished 1907 Puotllhed dairy except Saturday and.holiday! by logansport Newspapers. Inc., 517 Eo«t •rooaVror. logwuport. Indiana 46947 Second class pottage paid atlogoniporl Ind. under the" octal Month 3, Ie*e7. < i *. , MfMKR AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION By JIM BISHOP The Happy Hacker... There is no such species.,The golfer pays cash for humihaiion and misery The only persons who thinks he's having fun is the golfer's wife, who is home laughing it up because the kids set fire to Ihe house and stopped up the toilet. A golfer is one who tnrotllcs a club with both hands, makes two beautiful praclice swings, and then flogs the ball all the way to the-ladies'- tee. .This, is my kind of man. Like Paul Frehni. the famous artist who draws "BelieveII.Or Not." He will sink-a putl for 8 and ;.mumble, "Gimmes half a dozen." There are lies and lies The nation may be denuded of its foresls.' but that's because all the big ugly trees are on golf courses. So are most of Ihe lakes. And sand traps.- And out-of-bounds markers. A pro,once (old-me.to relax, I caughl him on the forehead with d pitching wedge As usual, it wasn't enough/To play ihe game, the golfer must build up tension. I know : a guy, Sid Schulman, who slandsbver a ball like a Hare Krishna at prayer time. Love Six, Hate'Elght He can do anything except move the club. Most golfers cbrnc. equipped 'with 14 clubs and a psychosis They will use six of them, and hale eight'. The electric cart did for.the golfer what the pill did for women., l'played golf for years with Gene Kroll and never saw him except when we'met on the i green. After 18 "holes, the athletes adjoin to the locker room Nowhere in the world are there so many sunken chests, sagging bellies and varicose veins- There is a brotherhood in mutual misery A columnist. Mike Morgan, approaches the first tee,lookfng haggard. On " the other hand. Frank SaccnelU thinks it's fun. He lives in San Diego'-and smashed'a drive on the first tee. It hit a boulder. . caromed back o'ver his head, and cleared. • the clubhouse ,,... j .,_ His friends made him play it from the front lawn. Some golfers, hit a bucket'of ", " balls from a practice lee. in our set. this Is called foreplay.. •• , •» " • •It proves that evema knucklehead can Wt a ball when it doesn't count Golfers haveOieic.own lexicon of nonsense "It'll .'play!" "Never''";up7 never, m." "Vice shank."'"Why-mfe.>dear God. 1 why me?"«I , jplay to UX^Sonjeiimes when it's,hot- * ' ter. Over a period of'years. I have evolved ~" Bishop's Rules for Breaking a hundred, . If through no error on your part the bail dies in the rough, dropkick it out without penalty. Allow yourself one mulligan for IS holes, and one pre-mulligan on the .first tee. Should your ball plop in a lake, don't accept a stroke penalty It's sufficient punishment to lose a buck and a quarter ball. If his ball is four feet from the cup. ' and yours is too. call them gimmes. If his is four feet awa> and yours is six inches away, make him putt. In woods, forests, jungles, call the root rule. Shout loudly that the ball is on a root and you can't hit it without breaking a club. Then ,toss-it overhand onto the fairway. .• s , When the ball is.in a,fairway bunker, hit it with a lour iron. You won't get out but it will scare'hell out'of your'adversaries. Better yet whack it with a wood.~ To mark a .ball on the green pick it up with-a.dime between your thumb and forefinger. As you lift the. ball to look .for .scuff 1 marks, snap the dime two feel closer to the. hole. You still won't make the: putl. but you'll look great rimmii»g.the cup. ; Deal}) in the Afternoon This is not a game, you: know. And sportsmanship has nothing to do with it Golf is barbells in sunshine It's macho without entrapment It's death'tn the afternoon^ It is chronic indecision, bad judgment, hooks when you want slices, and vice versa. It's a great big cemetery with no headstones Jocko McCormack gets on a par five, green in two 'and chirps, "It's a broad's game." He misses the eagle and the birdie, punches the ball into the sod and says, "Gimme a six." It is easier to quit smoking than to quit golf Among the modified maniacs I have known, none suggested'giving it up' Ben Silberman hits as long a ball as anyone/I know, but he's stuck fora second shot. For an encore,.he belts one off the course into a window! '-'•'-'It my rules do not help your game, do not give up. You can still win. Be the scorekeeper. The Happy Hacker.. * It Hurts, But It Works -^ \ -, Barbs If you know what you're talking about, would sou please explain it to me? The fellow with 1 get-up-and-go usually saying goodbye.f or an hour. * In The Past One Year Ago Fire loss in Logansport during September was approximately $2,000, reported Fire Chief Frank Murray. A -building permit for $6,236.000 was taken out lor construction of the city's new. sewage-treatment plant. ; Ten Years Ago . Logansport Community , School Corporation administrative officials began to move mountains of records and other educational materials to the new administrative building on .East George Street! Engineering 'Construction, of Logansport, was the apparent low bidder to extend sewer and water facilities to the new LogansporfMall. Twenty Years Ago Dale McNutl; chairman of the Cass County United. Fund drive, said he was encouraged with the $15.764 In pledges so far.this year. Coach! Fred Bowyer's Washington Township 4-H land judging teamr romped off with both first and second places in the district'contest staged south of Peru in Miami county Fifty The district meeting of the American Legion Auxiliary met in Memorial Home with Mrs Eula. Munter as the district ByDONOAKLEY ' A lot of criticisms, can be-levelled against our crazy-quilt income tax . system ;• but the claim that the burden falls disproportionately on lower-income people while the rich escape almost entirely simply doesn't stand up to inspection. Total personal income Uxes collected by the federal' government came to $125 billion in 1975. Computations by the Tax Foundation, based on .-the Treasury Department's latest "statistics of income" report, show that 72 per cent of that tola' was accounted for by only 25 per cent of all taxpayers—those earning $15,898 or more. The top 10 per cent of taxpayers—those with Adjusted Grossjncomes of $23,420 or more-picked up the tab for nearly half the total personal income tax-bill; and S per cent of the taxpayers-those^with AGI of $29,272 or more—paid more th"an one-third of the total. "-,''" At the extreme lop. 1.149. taxpayers who reported incomes of $1 million or more in 1975 paid an average tax ofJliOlWl", says the Treasury, or a total of $1 :S4>HIion. By contrast, the bottom" 50 per cent of taxpayers—those earning $8.930 or less- accounted for only 7 per'cent of total, personal income tax collections, and the lowest 25 per cent—those''with. AGI «f $4.044 or less-paid less than J,Per cent. '-'-, Also significant is the fact that the relative share of the income-<ax burden on upper-income taxpayers has . been increasing while the share paid by lower- income taxpayers has been-«orinking. In fact, several million taxpayers" disappeared from the tax rolls altogether between 1970 and 1975 because.AI changes in the law benefitting those witli lower incomes " ''/''The federal > income fax-.fe called a progressive tax. meaning that^the man you-earn the* more you are supposed "to pay. All In'all, it seems to beworkiMr the wayltwasdesignedtowork.
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