The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on June 1, 1940 · Page 3
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 3

Brooklyn, New York
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 1, 1940
Page 3
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t. fa m Pi alH.'L -W Wti e C?"1-'" " 3 5!! Mayor Silent en Question Of Kern Reappoinrment Mayor LaGuardia was silent today on the question of whether tie will reappoint Paul J. Kern, whose term aa president of the Municipal Civil Service Commission expired yesterday. The commission la now under Investigation by a City Council committee on charges of discriminating against certain city employes and acting in an "un-American" manner. Wide World cable photo TOMMY GOES HOME A bit on the grim side but still full of fight, this wounded British soldier was assisted up the gangway of a destroyer by the naval petty officer in an unidentified French port during. the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Forces from Flanders. Nazis Launch Mass Attacks Continued from Page 1 this morning. French artillery was reported punishing the Germans in the town. Nazis Attack on Hide Front "The enemy showed the importance it attached to the passage of the Somme by counter-attacking In that region. The counter-attack was defeated," the French high command declared. Some of these German attacks, It was understood, were made on fronts more than a mile wide. The Germans had massed strong forces along the Somme between Amiens and the sea to prevent the French army from closing the Ba-paume-Feronne gap the wedge or aiding the army of the north. " Now this powerful army was using massed Infantry to sound out the French. A fiery artillery bombardment preceded the first attack yesterday. The infantry started over. But the famous French 75s were In action and their fire was so intense, it was asserted, that the attacking force was almost wiped out. Force Germans Back Additional tanks and dive bombers were sent into the second German attack. Again the 75s, using shrapnel which burst over the heads of the German infantrymen, tore the attacking force to pieces, it was said, and obliged the Germans to retire even behind their jumping-off places. This morning, it was said, the Germans attacked on three sectors, only to be hurled back again as they-had been yesterday. (Unofficial reports reached Paris from London that a new British Expeditionary Force had reached the French Somme Line. The British force was said to be email in number but well-equipped. London sources said, however, that part of the original British Expeditionary Force was fighting on the Somme. Naturally this force might have been reinforced to an extent where reference to a new expeditionary force would be justified.) Letter Shames Snail Mobile, Ala. (U.R) It's only nine miles from Mobile's city hall to its school board headquarters but it took a letter one year, one month and four days to make the trip. The letter was from Mayor Charles Baumhauer offering the school board a chance to get sidewalk paving at a price of 35 cents a lineal foot. LaGuardia Aids Wilhelmina Fund Mayor LaGuardia will serve as honorary chairman for the $3,000,-000 nation-wide drive of the Queen Wilhelmina Fund, Inc., according to an announcement today by Hen- crik Willem Van Loon, fund chair- j man. Money raised will be used for relief of citizens and refugees of the ( Netherlands. Invited by the noted author to erve in his capacity as "bunro-melster of Nieuw Ams!erdm." th Mayor said "I will be very g'.d to Join the committee and do all I cn to help " Lewis E. Pterin Is chairman of the Grea:er New York Men's Committee of the fund. Senators Flay Guard Request Continued From Page 1 Added to regular and extraordinary measures now pending, this would make a total of $4,672,011,352. While Congress evinced readiness to vote the mounting millions, Mr. Roosevelt's accompanying National Guard recommendation encountered prompt opposition. Senator Vandenberg (R., Mich.) told reporters the request for power to call out the National Guard if necessary to maintain neutrality was a "shocking" proposal which sounded as if the President wanted to be able to order a partial mobilization by Executive authority alone. Senators Wheeler (D., Mont.1, Nye (R., N. D.) and Bridges (R., N. H.), seconded this view. Calls Proposal 'Unfortunate' Senator Austin iR., Vt.), a consistent supporter of the Roosevelt foreign policy, said the proposal was "unfortunate" and would "have an adverse effect on harmony between the President and Congress." "What does he know that we don't know that would justify him in implying that it would be necessary to call out the National Guard to enforce neutrality?" he inquired. Secretary Woodring sought to clarify the situation with a statement explaining that the War Department had asked that the authority be sought but had no present intention of using it. If it should later become necessary to call out the National Guard, Woodring said, the initial purpose would be to give the men field training and seasoning such as is given the regular army. Supporting the Presidential request for National Guard power, Senator Sheppard (D., Tex.) said he approved because "we must be prepared for any emergency." Chairman May (D., Ky.) of the House Military Committee an nounced that the necessary legislation would be introduced Monday and quickly passed along to the House for action. In asking for more rearmament funds, Mr. Roosevelt said that "the almost incredible events of the past two weeks" in Europe made the money necessary to hasten prompt and big deliveries of guns, ammunition and fire control equipment, arraalso to train a vast group of . pecialiXts for work in industry and in armyand navy service. Detailsof the program will be given to congressional committees next week by War and Navy Department officials. The closest approach to a breakdown spoke of $700,000,000 for the army and $600,-000,000 for the navy. VIMY RIDGE MEMORIAL DESTROYED BY BOMBS London, June 1 (IP) The towering stone shaft which Canada erected atop Vimy Ridge as a memorial to her World War dead has been destroyed by German bombers, British soldiers returning from Flanders said today. "I stood near the memorial and saw German dive bombers swoop down and release a load of bombs over the memorial," said one weary, bloodstained Tommy. "It was completely shattered." He added that the attack was "obviously deliberate." GROUP TO CURB '5TH COLUMN' URGED BY DIES Warns Roosevelt 'Trouble Is Ahead' Unless Action Is Taken Washington, June 1 (U.R) Chairman Martin Dies of the House Committee Investigating Un-American Activities led Congressional agitation against "fifth column" elements today with a request that President Roosevelt organize a "home defense council." Warning that "there Is trouble ahead unless some action is taken," Dies said that "there is a lot more to preparing for defense than mere voting of money as this country will find out." Developments bearing on preparations to control the spread of "fifth column" doctrines were: 1. The House prepared to confer with the Senate on Mr. Roosevelt's plan to transfer the immigration service from the Labor Department to the Department of Justice. A bill instituting the transfer, already approved by the House, was passed, 56 to 4, by the Senate last night and sent to conference for minor adjustments. 2. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D., Mont.), disclosed that officials of the major broadcasting systems were seeking legislation enabling them to withhold radio time from parties or organizations preaching doctrines contrary to American democracy. Their request, he said, arose from protests against the scheduled broadcast Sunday of an address by Earl Browder, American Communist leader. 3. Chairman J. Buell Snyder of the House appropriations subcommittee handling military funds joined with other Congressional leaders In urging Latin American nations to purge their "fifth columns." Teacher Freed of Charge She Left Acccident Scene Miss Elizabeth Peck, 32-year-old gymnasium teacher in Garden City High School, was acquitted yesterday by Justices Salomon, Hofmann and Flood in Special Sesions, Manhattan, of a charge of leaving the scene of an accident. The teacher, who lives at 464 Clinton Ave., previously had been cleared of an automobile homicide charge resulting from the death of Joseph Far-rell, 57, a World War veteran, who was struck on the Bowery, near Grand St., last Dec. 21. Dr. Pattison to Preach Last Sermon at Church Oyster Bay, June 1 The Rev. D-. Harold Pattison, for the past six years rector of Christ Episcopal Church here long known as the "Roosevelt Church," will preach his last sermon as rector tomorrow morning. Dr. Pattison resigned in March to retire from the ministry. He and Mrs. Pattison will leave next week to pass four months at their home in Greenville, near Moose-head Lake, Maine. Boro Field Gefs A Temporary Radio Marker Transmitter Enables Airport to Serve as Alternate to Queens A. temporary" radio marker a transmitter on a mobile truck was set up at Floyd Bennett Field today to enable the Brooklyn terminal to succeed the Newark Airport as an alternate landing field when inclement weather forces the closing of LaGuardia Field. At the same time, the Dock Department and Civil Aeronautics Authority took steps to co-ordinate the work of tower men at the Brooklyn and Queens airports to eliminate the crossing of radio beams and standardize operations at both fields. Clipper Arrives Today Placement of the temporary j marker, to be replaced with a per- BROOKLYN EAGLE, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1940 Worried About War, Sculptor Hangs Self J. S. J. Novelli, Queens Creator of Tributes To Soldiers, Also Depressed by Lack of Work manent one within four or five weeks, was ordered yesterday fol Worried over the war and the falling off of his commissions, James S. J. .Novelli, 54, sculptor who was a graduate of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Rome, hanged himself yesterday in his home, 35-25 95th St., Jackson Heights. His wife, Lillian, found him when sh returned from work at 6 p.m. Beside his widow, Mr. Novelli left a son, James, IS. . The sculptor had executed war memorials in many sections of the country. The group "Peace and Victory" in Saratoga Park and the war memorial on Queens Boulevard in Winfield are his work. One of his best known works is the bust of President Warren G. Harding, part of the Harding Memorial at Marion, O., which he executed after winning the national contest. He also carved the Thur-man Memorial at Atlanta, Ga , and other war memorials in the city parks, at Classon Point, the Bronx, Jersey City and Bellows Falls, Vt. A mausoleum of his design in Calvary Cemetery won the Henry O. Avery prize for sculpture. Among his private commissions was the bronze bust of Lord Byron, Jn heroic proportions, which adorns the garden of a Manhattan beach home. . Born in Sulmona, Italy, in 1885, Novelli was brought to this country by his parents when he was five I years old. lowing the closing of Newark Air- i 'Biltong' for Troops 500 in Bay Ridge Protest Belt Link At 5th Ave.' L' Rites Bay Ridge turned its celebration of the cessation of service on the B. M. T.'s 5th Ave. elevated line last night into a demonstration against the proposed conversion of the structure from 65th St. to 38th St. into a skyway link of the Belt Parkway. -""' About 500 persons, led by the 3d Ave. Merchants and Property Owners Association, paraded from Fairway Hall, 54th St. and 3d Ave., to 65th St., boarded the last passenger train at 10:50 o'clock, rode to 38th St. and marched back to the hall. They carried placards which read: "Build Your Skyway Elsewhere," "Do Not Take the Sunshine and Light Away from Us," "This Is Not a Slum," "Make Bay Ridge a Better Place to Live in" and "Remove the 'L' from 3d Ave." In the procession, which was headed by the Bay Ridge Legion Post fife, drum and burgle corps, were delegations from the Edward Nolan Civic Association, Admiral Dewey Council, Knights of Columbus; Bay Ridge Aerie, Fraternal Order of Eagles, and the 3d A. D. Democratic Club. Nathan Margolis, president of the sponsoring group, acted as marshal. port and the- cancellation of a number of flights to and from La- j Guardia Field because of fog and rain. j Pan-American Airways' Yankee 1 Clipper, held at Bermuda yesterday j because of the bad weather in New j York, was expected to arrive today at LaGuardia Field with 20 pas- ' sengers, including Rosemary Ken- j nedy, daughter of Joseph P. Ken- nedy, Ambassador to Great Britain. Deny Royalty Is Aboard , In response to persistent rumors, reputedly well-informed sources in isermuaa ana raris aeniea mai Princess Charlotte, Crown Prince Baudoin and Prince Albert, the, three children of King Leopold of the Belgians, were en route here on the Clipper. Meanwhile, officials of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company announced in Akron that the children in question might be those of Mrs. Mary de Francis, wife of D. A. de Francis, Goodyear representative in Lisbon, who is among the Clipper passengers. In addition to the delaying of the Yankee Clipper's arrival, yesterday's woeful weather caused postponement of the American Clipper's departure for Horta and Lisbon from LaGuardia Field, and compelled two army bombers to land at Camden instead of Mitchel Field. Capetown, South Africa (U.P.) "Biltong" for the British Army has been suggested to the defense department of South Africa. One shipload of "biltong" could last an army for months, thus freeing boats for other necessities. It is the sun-dried meat of the antelope and of oxen. 1,000,000 PRISONERS With the German Army at the front, June 1 (P) Germans estimated today they have 1,000-000 Allied prisoners, not counting the Belgians and the Dutch, or will have after the present operations are ended in Northern France and Belgium. Most of them are being relayed from one intermediate prison camp to another en route to the Reich. 1,100 Americans Scramble For Liner Roosevelt Places Holy Land onDaylightSaving Jerusalem, June 1 (T, The Holy Land has beenaced on daylight aaving time, effective until the end of September, for the first time In history. Gaiwa. Ireland, June 1 W) Nearly 1.100 Americans sought passage home on the liner President Roosevelt amid confusion today. Passengers had their tickets but at noon nobody knew whether they were actually going on board. There were report.'; here the liner Washington would call for passengers left behind because plans to carry' some passengers between decks were cancelled without explanation. The ship arrived off Salt Hill late last night and took on 600 tons of fuel and other supplies. While ft waited with steam up, customs officials searched all baggage. The only reason for the unusual procedure was that they were "told that someone was trying to take out considerable money." Unofficially it was explained that ' the search was for explosives. The crew of the President Roosevelt was not allowed to come ashore and none but bona fide passengers were allowed on the tender or the liner. The ship is expected to sail late tonight under sealed orders. Genoa, June 1 W) The rush of Americans eager to quit Italy before the Mediterranean is bottled up by possible spread of the war threatened today to delay the sail ing of the liner Manhattan until tomorrow. Officials who had hoped to start the ship back for the United States today were handicapped by a jam of nearly 2,000 pasengers almost all of them Americans. Some who had to be turned away offered as high as $1,000 for the $200 to $400 tickets without takers. Offices of United States representatives were filled with crowds, weeping, pleading. Shipping officials said another 1.800 Americans had reservations in advance to sail on the liner Washington but there was no indication, when it would reach Genoa, 5 Transports Reported Sunk Continued from Page 1 boats in the channel, and the number of submarines to two. Today's high command communique indicated a German offensive was stirring along all fronts. It reoorted bombing attacks against Allied troops in a forest j south of Abbeville, near the west-j ern terminus of the German for-! ward line in France, and a sally against French forces at Lechesne, on the other end of the line. A German spokesman described British reports of orderly retreat from Flanders as "bloody irony" and "shameful cynicism." German assaults on the remainder of the British Expeditionary Force fighting for its life in the Dunkirk area were reported proceeding "favorably." Allied tank attacks on the southern front near Abbeville "foundered" and the high command said the Nazis gained ground in that area in a forward thrust following the Allied attempts. The Germans said 49 Allied planes were shot down yesterday, 39 in air fights and 10 by anti-aircraft guns. Nine German planes are missing. In Norway, the high command said, the Narvik group held its positions in the face of strong enemy attacks. (The communique did not state where the German positions are. Both the Allies and the Germans have reported Allied forces entered the Norwegian ore port earlier this week.) German sources said the material losses of the German army on the Western 'ront have been made up fully by booty taken from fleeing and captured British and French soldiers. Berlin Prepares for Drive Keyed to high confidence by a smashing victory in Flanders, Germany marshaled her forces today for another trap-hammer blow at the Allies, amid increasing rumors that Italy is about to enter the war on her side. Everywhere the belief was apparent that the blow, when it falls, would be aimed at the heart of France, with the armies of Adolf Hitler striking from the north and the legions of Premier Mussolini from the south in a tremendous pincer movement. Britain, It was believed, would be harassed with sporadic aerial raids and long-range artillery fire until France Is celaned up and the Fuehrer Is ready to turn west across the Channel. Most Germans, Jubilant over the speed with which the conquest of Holland and Belgium has been accomplished, appeared to feel that France is already doomed. German military men said that the flower of Fiance's army has been wiped out in the Flanders pockets and that the second line troops upon which she must now depend will be Inadequate to stand off the mighty Nazi war machine-especially if Italy attacks her from thi south. Fund Drive Nears $4,000,000 Mark John A. Brown, chairman of the( 1"40 Greater New York Fund, announced today that pledges from business firms and their employes, combined with donations already received, are expected to send the total of this year's drive to the $4,000,000 mark. A total of 393 voluntary welfare and hpalth agencies throughout the city will share the proceeds of the fund. Gifts of $3,750 from the Maiden Form Brassiere Company; $3,000 from the Texas Gulf Sulphur Co.; $2,000 from Arthur Anderson and Co.; $1,500 from the Dollar Savings Bank; and $1,000 from the American Iron and Steel Institute, are among the most recent donations announced. Others follow: 800 Joseph 8. Cohen & Sons Co., Inc. $600 Artistic Foundations, Inc., and P. Jacobson St Sons, Inc. $500 Gro&set it Dunlap. Inc. $324 Lennen & Mitchel!. Inc., and employes. S250 American Manufacturing Company, Benjamin & Jolines. Inc : Harry Livingston, Inc.: "Fay Miss" Brassiere Company, Inc.; A. M. Tenney Associates, Inc. $200 Even-Pul Foundations. Inc.: Samuel Gallucct & Sons, Inc.; General Time Instruments Corporation uddi-tional). Imperial Manufaruinne Company, National Silver Company. $150 American Trade Publishing Company. Armour Leather Company. Inc ; Crown Corset Company. Gachot, Inc.; Schechler-Guinsberg, Inc. $100 Art Color Printing Company. Michael Berkowitz Company, Inc.; Bet-form Foundations. Inc.; Jacob Btbrow'i Son. Vic; Broadcast Music. Inc.: Camlin Fashions of America. Inc.: General Linen Supply and Laundry Company. Inc.; Cascade Laundry, H. W. Oossard Company. Herman Hollander. Inc., and Katelhohn Bros.. A. Horwltz & Sons. Inc.; Kevstone Varnish Company, Lambert A Katr., Morgenstern Brothers. National Federation ot Textiles, Inc.: Rein-hold Publishing Corporation, B. Scherzer, Wagner Fur, Inc.: Wallachs, Inc.; Flor-sheim Shoe Departments (additional), Walworth Company. Inc.: A. Weckstein & Son, Inc.: Zimmerman & Scher. Fire Officials Win Appellate Court Ruling on Pensions Five fire department officials retired by Fire Commissioner McElli-gott last February on approximately two-thirds of their pay will get the full pension, the Appellate Division In Manhattan has unanimously ruled. The decision reversed the decision of Supreme Court Justice Peter Schmuck who upheld Mayor LaGuardia in his contention that Commissioner McElligott had acted in violation of his duty as a trustee of the pension fund. The commissioner at the same time had retired himself as fire chief but later rescinded his own retirement. Says No Bad Faith Was Shown Affected by the Appellate Division ruling are Deputy Chief James W. Heffernan, in charge of Brooklyn and Queens; Deputy Chief George L. McKenna, assistant in charge of the Fire College; Capts. George J. Foster and William Signer, and First Grade Fireman John P. Ryan. Associate Justice Callahan, writing the opinion, cited that the com missioner's discretion in fixing pension rates under the law was in force at the date of retirements and that neither fraud nor bad faith had been shown in retiring the men. The opinion cited that many fire department members had been retired at more than half pay under previous administrations. Rev. Rogers to Set New Church Stone The Rev. Dr. James T. Rogers, pastor of the R. C. Church of the Good Shepherd, which was destroyed by fire May 20, 1939, will officiate tomorrow at the laying of the cornerstone of the new church building at Avenue S and Batch-elder St. Described as "up-to-the-minute in every respect, fully fireproof and double the capacity of the old church," the new structure will resemble a California mission, with walls of light-colored brick of the texture of stucco and roofs of red mission tile. A light and airy interior, seating 1,200 persons, will compensate the parishioners, according to Dr. Rogers, "for the many sacrifices they have endured while using the school basement for religious services." The new church was designed by Henry J. McGill, architect. Guilty Contracting Firm Denies It Bribed Officials Martin W. Littleton, counsel for the Cranford Company, the Cran-ford Material Corporation and the Highway Improvement and Repair Accused of Forqinq Company, which yesterday pleaded S3 CLIMAX OF LONG SEDITION TRIAL NOW IN SIGHT W. G. Bishop, Last Of 14 to Take Stand, Denies Conspiracy The end of the long-drawn trial of 14 defendants on charges of conspiracy to overthrow the Government was in sight today, William Gerald Bishop, last of . the 14 to take the witness stand in his own behalf, was prepared to explain, when the trial is resumed in Brooklyn Federal Court Monday, that he was merely a zealous anti-Communist but had organized no plot against the Government. Bishop is 39 and the reputed leader of the plot. Several of the co-defendants, during their own testimony, have thrown on him the blame for any seditious activity that might have been involved. Testifying for about an hour before a recess over the weekend was ordered by Federal Judge Campbell, Bishop painted a word picture of his early life, in effect, that of a fatherless orphan who wandered from country to country in pursuit of a job. Claims He Was Born in IT. S. Bishop is tall, slender and of military bearing. His face is long and pale and his thin, blond hair is wavy. He was born, in Salem, Mass., he said, on June 27, 1900. His mother was Elizabeth Bishop Bishopson, a teacher and governess, and his father, William Edward MeAndrews, mining engineer. The family moved to Toronto, Canada, in 1906. The following year his father left for South America, while he and his mother went to England. In 1912 they went to Nice, France, and while there received the last communication from his father. Followed a few months in France, a stay in Switzerland and arrival in Vienna a few weeks before the outbreak of the World War. The war years they spent in a concentration camp from which his mother went to a hospital. In 1920 he went alone to England on an Austrian visa in the name of William Arneck. The English Labor Board issued him a renewable six-months vis itor's stay which he forgot to renew when it had expired. He was in the employ of a masseur when arrested and was given 30 days in jail for having overstayed his leave. Later he was shipped back to Antwerp. He next sought permission to return to Austria but was told he had left under a courtesy visa which did not permit re-entry. Through the American consul he sought unsuccessfully to obtain a certificate of American birth. Unable to show the Antwerp polite any valid evidence of nationality, he was taken into custody. guilty to the indictment obtained by Assistant Attorney General Amen, pointed out today that, despite the guilty plea on all counts, his clients had nothing to do with the alleged bribery of public officials or the cheating of the city, both charged in the indictment. He told Supreme Court Justice MacCrate that although his three clients were in the combination that controlled Brooklyn contracts and fixed prices, there was no intention to get from the city money to which they were not entitled. Prescription for Opium Martha B. Godduhn, 31, of 307 2d Ave., Manhattan, a former nurse at the Knickerbocker Hospital, will face charges of forging a prescription to obtain opium, before Magistrate Peter A. Abeles on Hiursday. Arrested yesterday, the former nurse was arraigned in Washington Heights Court, Manhattan, where Magistrate Abeles adjourned hearing until Thursday and released Miss Godduhn in $250 bail, posted by her brother, Ernest Godduhn of 91-33 117th St., Richmond HiU. Gardener Shoots Down Bomber He Wasn't So 'Un Peu Touche' peu London, June 1 (U.R) A 60-year- duffer playing soldier, "un old French gardener, once described '. touche," the wiseacres said. i But one day a German bomber i reached the edge of the town and , military machine gunners blazed as "un peu touche," (a little touched in the head, today was the inspiration for thousands of British civilian home defenders. The gardener lived on an estate in Rheims. He was too old for military service but when the Germans started their big push, he got his old, second-hand Swedish machine gun out of the attic of his little cottage. He had spent most of his savings on the gun when the war started last September. A harmless old away and missed. The bomber was too low for the heavy anti-aircraft guns. At the edge of Rheims, the story goes, the gardener was waiting with his fingers pressed on the trigger of his pet. It popped faithfully and the German bomber hit the dust. Now the "pop-pop" man of Rheims is the pride of his town and his feat Is cited here as an Inspiration for Britain's thousands of "parashooters." New Defiants, Fighting Big Odds, Score 18-1, Return In Time for Ted Somewhere in England, June 1 (U.R) The "kids" of Britain's new Defiant squadron of air fighters came back from the Flanders inferno with thumbs up a sign of cheer and safety. The Defiant type fighter planes, already officially credited with the destruction of 50 German planes this week, sailed into 80 German planes over Dunkirk and came back with their week's score near-ing 60. Day after day these planes have been playing a leading part in the battle of Flanders, sweeping over the French coast to ward off German bombers and fighters harassing the withdrawal of the Allied troops. Off on one of these attacks the Defiants and an accompanying squadron of Hurricane fighters 21 in all disappeared in the sky in the direction of Dunkirk. Seventy-, five minutes later they came back, as the youthful squadron leader had promised, "m time for tea." Over Dunkirk the 21 planes ran into the German. 40 Messer-schmitts above and 40 Heinkels below them. The British attacked. Over the battle lines and over the sea the planes spat bullets and fire. Later, the two British squadrons were credited officially with destroying 12 German planes and damaging three others. For the first time the Defiant squadron suffered a los. Whether one, two or three planes are mi.-smg is impassible to say. But the .score was given as 18 to 1 in favor of the Defiants. The Defiant, with a fuselage shaped like a fish, has a "power-operated turret" amidships. The gunner is seated In the turret behind a sp'.inter-proof glass shell from which he mans four machine guns which can fire in all directions. The Defiant, therefore, can attack from any direction. It can swoop alongside a squadron of bombers and rake them with lateral fire. The squadron leader told how the Defiants had surprised the Germans in this week's fights over France. "The Defiant looks like a hurricane from a distance," the leader said. "The Germans think we are hurricanes and can only fire forward. They see us coming alongside and they think they are in a pretty position." ! The pilot, who is a flight lieu- tenant and credited with downing eight German planes on Wednesday, broke in with a broad . grin, "And then we give 'em a tremendous burst. Oh, boyl" ,.;.i.-v--".-.r,

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