Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on April 11, 1895 · Page 6
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 6

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 11, 1895
Page 6
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THE WALDENSES. Hew Boliflrious Colony Established in North Carolina. nnn Who Trace Their Decent Back •to Apraitollc Tlm«i«— From Il»ly to America— ThB Creed of the Nrvr -Church. ICOPTKtGIJT, 1895.1 In northwestern Italy the crescent arange of the Cottian Alps incloses -three small valleys of singular and impressive beauty. A region more pic- •Auresqtie cannot be found in all Europe, »nd its -history has .been as marvelous cos ituphysical features are beautiful and omnsual, for here through long cen- trturies have -dwelt the Waldenses, a aittle company of the faithful, who, in ithe face of cruel and relentless persecutors have clung to the faith delivered <of olfl'to the saints, and who have been -called, not without reason, the Israel of •ithe Alps. The Waldenses trace their descent •tfrom the apostolic atre, and number rsmong their forefathers , Christians •who made their escape from Home ^during the persecution of Nero. Apos- ttles, it-is affirmed, preached the Word iin their valleys, and from father to /•son the truth has boon handed down -ithrough the apes. The history of the HValdenscs reads like a romance, and .-rarely fails to stir the hearts of those rwho chcri.sh patriotism and religious •iJrcedom. Small wonder then that they cling doving-ly to their native soil even when dt is° barest and blackest; but • the •crowded condition of their valleys has •Jin, recent ywtrs compelled many o-f tthcm to seek homes in other lands, and •.two years ago a colony of them settled iin the Piedmont section of North Caro- (lina, though their coming- seems thus r.far to have escaped the attention of tho of 1802 one of their :;!.i fJ.ii, while trav- economical, and seem happy and contented with their lot. The cultivation of the soU will be the principal occupation of the colony, and the land upon which it hc5 settled is well adapted to the growing- of cereals as well as the culture of fruits and grapes. For some years to come the cutting- of cimber, the gathering- of tan bark and the satv- ing of lumber will afford employment for many of the colonists. The dress of the Waldenses seldom fails to attract the attention of the visitor. The women wear head dresses of pretty, antique design, and the poung girls always appear with bright lolored handkerchiefs neatly tied FROM PIKDMOST, ITALY, TO PIEDMOXT, s. c. about their necks. They keenly appreciate the value of an education, and the children arc all taught to read French and Italian before they aro twelve. Moreover they are rapidly acquiring the language of their adopted country, and tho colony has already been formed in to a school district under the laws of the state. Tho homes of the colonists are simply furnished, but all have an air of neatness and comfort. Their tastes are modest and they A COTTAGE ITEAB VALDESE. . ; in tho United States, had suggested to him the ideu of a \Valdensian 'colony in Burke county, N. C. On his ireturn homo ho laid tho matter before IW&jpeople, strongly urging its adoption, !and a committee was sent out to in- ,-spect tho lands offered. This commit;tee reported favorably, the property -was purchased from a local land company and in th6 summer of 1803 some -.twenty families, comprising tho ad- ••yanco .guard of tho colony, arrived, ftoiiig'followed a few months later by a .znuch larger number. -The colony nownumbersseveral hun- •drttl people, nearly all under'the ago of thirty-live, and in every way ad- •-.ailrably iidupted to tho hardships of •pioneer JHe. Tho property of the colonists comprises several thousand acres <of excellent land and was pin-chased on very favorable terras. Tho land li«3 About eight miles from Morgauton, tho •county scat of Burke county, Is partly jtimbered with oak and piue, abundantly- watered and well suited to grapo and fruit culture. At tho outset tho •colony was a .corporation chartered Hinder tho laws -of North Carolina, but irecently it became clear that tho .best •interests of the colonists would bo promoted by a dissolution of tho corporate (life and -a holding of tho land in sev- .eraltv- Accordingly tho land is now befog divided among tho colonists. Each jfamily receives from forty to tino hun- <dr«d «BOTC3, and each freeholder, as- ajuinea an cquitable:portion of the debt «x>nta»ctod by tho community. Since their arrival in America the agonists have been busily engaged clearing thoir lands, building houses live on far less than the most economical American, A refined and whole- souled courtesy is one of'their characteristics. Speak to one of them, from tho youngest to the oldest, and with a low bow he stands hat ID- hand, ready to perform any service. They are also extremely hospitable, welcome you to their homes with unaffected cordiality, gladly shaving with you the best their larders ivfEord, and count it a slight if you do not accept the universally offered cup of tea. The home life of the Waldenses is pleasing and peaceful. f All labor from early dawn to sunset, and the evenings are devoted to visits between friends, study of tho Bible and quiet conversation around the fireside. Tbo men are all great smokers and spend many a happy hour over their pipes. All are fond of reading and the French and Italian journals which reach the colony every week aro eagerly seized upon and quickly passed from hand to hand. Tho'Waldensos, following the example of tho other continental churches, observe Christmas, Good Friday and Easter with appropriate ceremonies, and on Now Year's day exchange gifts and tokens of affection, but Febuiary 17, or Emancipation day, is tho rod letter day in the AValdensian calendar. It was on that day forty- seven years ago that tho persecutions they had endured for centuries were ended by King Charles Albert of Savoy who granted them equality of civil rights with his other subjects and absolute freedom in all religious matters. Its annual .return is celebrated with bonfires and illuminations, A HO1CEMADK »nd setting- our rines and fruit trees, amd already tbeir new home gives asplendid promise «f what it will bo in .days to come. The village of Valdese, •which sprang into beinp almost in a •day, is the post office and railway station of the colony, and there are lo- icated its church, school, general store and a hosiery mill, established to give -amplovment to the young members of 4ho colony. The site of the village •covers some twenty acres and has '-•been rojrnlarly and tastefully laid off 5»to streets and baUding- lots. The •town lots are held In trust to be sold •*or the benefit of the church and school. A Tisit to the colony is full of interest. The Waldenses are, as ft rule, of low stature, the tallest seldom above Tflre feet six inches in height, stout and thickset; physical characteristics due, «o doubt, to" the high altitude of their Italian home. As a class, they are .dark-aHnned, bright-eyed and yiva- They we Induatrioua, frugal and >E UAliHVn. processions, speeches and general merry making. In the morning public exercises are held in tho schools, at which the story of the trials and.sufferings of tho past is retold for the benefit of the children, who later match in procession throughout the streets of their villages. In the afternoon presents are .riven to'the children, and in tfre-ewn- ing religious services are held in all the churches. Vivacious at all times, the "Waldensian grows eloquent and earnest whenever the deeds of HS forefathers are mentioned, and for him February 17 has an even deeper significance than the Fourth of July has for Americans- The colonists have their own local pastor, Eev. Earth Soulier, who lives at Valdeso. He is a young- man of finished education and speaks English with case and fluency. He was cdu«ated at Florence and Edinburgh, and he and his wife crossed tho Atlantic on their bridal Umr to begin their married lue with the infant colony in America. A» d lit the outset tho WTaldensUna trace the founding of their church b^ck to the era of the Apostles add believe they have preserved the primitive faith exc-ir.pt from error and the alloy of bigotry and superstition which filled the history of other churches during the middle ages. The principles taught by their Crst preachers, ivhich are still the cardinal articles of their faith, were three Ln number, namely: "The Bible is the only rule of.faith; God the only object of worship, and Christ the only foundation of salvation." The Waldensian church belongs to the alliance of the. reformed churches and its creed and forms of worship are substantially those of tho Presbyterian church in the United States. Each congregation is governed by a board of elders who, together with the.pastor, constitute what is known as the consistory. The Sabbath worship consists of prayer and singing, reading of 'the Bible and preaching. The Waldensians practice infant baptism, lay great stress upon the children's birthright privilege and ure rigid in the observance of family worship. From tho earliest time the study of the Bible among the Waldenses has not been confined to their schools and pastors, but the Ia3'man, the laborer, the artisan, tho cowherd, the mother of a family, even the young girl while watching the cattle and employing her hands at the sumo time in spinning, studied the Bible attentively. This same reverence for the Word of God is shown by the members of the colony I have been describing, and even the little children, as soon as they have learned to read, aro taught to study their Testaments daily and carry them with them to th'eir work in shop or Cold. In tho days of their persecutions, it is said that every child among the U'aklensos was taught to commit to memory some portion of tho Scriptures, so that jf the sacred te.xts \vere entirely destroyed they might be reproduced with accuracy and without delay, and this devout practice is still observed in spirit if .not in form. CAs might be expected, the first days of the colony have riot been without clouds and troubles. Their crops last year were a partial failure, due to a late frost, a long drought in the early summer, and tho colonists' ignorance of the methods of successful farming in this country. Their implements aro primitive and clumsy, and whilo they were familiar with the hoe and spade, they knew nothing of tho Yankee plow and reaper. But these are obstacles for which time and experience aro sure to find an effective remedy. In the meantime they have shown themselves an upright, peace-loving people, who are governed by a fine sense of honor and expect those with whom they have any dealings to be equally honorable. Their claim to the sympathy and aid of those with whom they have cast their lot has already received cheerful recognition. As a result, they seem contented and happy in their now home. Tho charming mountain scenery of western North Carolina seems to satisfy their inherited love for BUILDING A BOUGH- BTO>"E' CHI1INEY. rising ground; the balmy climate possesses an attraction their native Alpine district cannot offer, and, on the whole, the.outlook for tho colony is one of encouragement .and hope.. By those remaining behind in Italy the progress of the colony is %vatched with the liveliest interest and the loving solicitude of a parent, and, should It achieve the success hoped for, additional colonies will probably bo settled -without .delay in other parts of the south. Indded, this was the main object in view when the parent colony was planned. Eev. C. A. Mon, tho colonists' pastor in Italy, who came with them to see them settled ,in their . new home, in a letter which lies before me as I write, thus voices the interests of which I speak: "Everyone here is following this stream of emigration with er eat anxiety and prayer. May God bless this colony among Protestants. Help and pray for my dear Waldenses." KXIFUS K. WILBOH. T*itln|[ Electrical RMUtanc*. Prof. Swineburn is now engaged upon some interesting experiments calculated to establish a standard of^electrical resistance of the individuals ol the human family according .to temperament, complexion, race, etc. The data - BO far deduced are necessarily crude and inaccurate, and it is not claimed that anything is known respecting'the difference in the electrical -resistance'of' representatives of the various races of man, nor of individuals of various temperaments, but it has been shown that there is a wide range of resistive power In the various "subjects." A summary of the results on 600 subjects tested Indicates that the resistance to a-continuous current will vary from 3,320 to 10,000 volts; also that there Is a great difference In power of resistance, varying with time of day, fullness or emptiness of the stomach, etc. Lea. Gold In th« Teeth. Dentists say they have almost ceased to put gold in the mouths of fashionable -women. Unless the filling is'quite out of sight most of them prefer to have the bast white filling used and .to then visit- the dentist often to have it renewed as it wears away. A fortune awaits the person who will find a white flllinc.tnat does not wear away.- BATTLE WITH WEED& Tker Should B* Killed Bvtor* th« B«KQ- l»r Crop I* Fl»ntcd. Weeda have not yet appeared, but they will be up and get a start so early In the spring as to completely cover the ground almost before it is warm enough. Weeds are an enormous tax on farmers. They not only compel them to do more work than should be necessary, but they rob the soil, crowd out the plants that come from the seeds planted by the farmers and appropriate moisture that is required by crops. They seem to spring up in a night, are adapted to all soils, and thrive under the greatest difficulties. So many varieties cf weeds exist that to exterminate one kind is but to make room for another. Spring weeds, summer weeds, fall weeds, dry weather weeds, wet -weather weeds, and weeds that stubbornly hold on at all times confront the farmer, when his labor ;is ,the heaviest and his expenses the greatest Weeds seem to be a corse on farmers to remind them of their own lack of management, for when the farmers make mistakes the weeds seem to see their opportunities aad take possession of the farms. Weeds oome from seed, and they pass through the winter safely. In fact, the farmer carefully preserves and protects them, giving them security from frost, and turns them up to receive the warm rays of the sun in tho first days of spring work. When the weeds aroi not all killed by even reaching into the fence corners ana other harboring places for them they produce seeds, which are scattered in every direction. The farmer comes along- with hJs plow in the fall and turns the seeds under, giving- them a covering for the winter, keeping them safe from tho frost, and In the spring he turns them up to the surface, healthy and nearly ready to germinate. Before the seeds which produce the crop can be planted the weeds get under way and are able to destroy tho crop by crowding the young plants. The farmer, therefore, protects the weeds and keeps'his farm well stocked with a never-failing supply- It is not an easy matter to kill out weeds after the regular crop is planted. One of the best methods is to plow early, harrow the land and let the weeds grow. When they are just appearing harrow well and plant again. By the time corn planting arrives the weeds will have been well thinned out. After the crop is planted the cultivator and wheel hoe, or even the hand hoe, may bo relied upon to keep them down if the work is done when tho weeds are young. Never let one weed produce seed. Some varieties produce millions of seeds from a single plant, hence every weed Wiled means less labor the succeeding year. It may entail a heavy expense to endeavor to destroy all tho weeds, but the expense the next season will be more than reduced correspondingly. What should bo done early Is to give the weeds an opportunity to grow and then destroy them.— Philadelphia Eecord. . SKELETON STAIRS. A Very Handy Thing to H»v» Around WHffOn HoU4« or Barn. It is often desirable to have the stairs in the wagon house or barn so arranged that they could bo removed quickly. As this is not often practicable, tho next best plan is to have them so constructed as to fold up out of the way. A good method of doing it is shown in the accompanying sketch, in which a shows one side of the stairs, the dotted lines representing the various steps. The steps should not be less than three feet in length and eight inches wide. The upper end of the lower portion of each SIDB VIEW OF rOLBDTO 8TAIBS. •ide is hinged to the side of the building at/, while the lower end is hooked to the floor at g. A rope (») is attached to the stairs, passes over two pulley* and is there 'fastened to a weight (c), whioh Is just heavy 'enough to raise the free -end of the stairs up to the ceiling. When the lower end of the step* la released the whole folds up closely against Its upper floor and la entirely out of the way. Two or three feet of the rope are allowed to dangle, as seen at d, by which the whole apparatus is again pulled down • into position. The weigHt (c) should slide up and down close to the side of the building, so as to be entirely out of the way.— Orange Judd Farmer. For Children om th» Farm. ' Give the boy or girl something in which to take an interest on the farm. Bemove the young stock off the farm and much of the pleasure of stock- raising will be gone. A few bantam chicks will cremte an Interest on the part of a child that owns them, and the ' stepplnfr-Btone to a more active interest in all classes of animals in the future will be laid-' Boys and girls will stay on the farm without Invitation if their early -days are made plemaaritand farm life attractive. . -Fotart lot the Soil. As much as five hundred' ponnda of sulphate or muriate of potaah may be applied to an acre of ground;,' and while it is .best to do so in the fall on. rery heavy "soils, yet early in the spring is an excellent period for applying. If good wood ashes can .be obtained cheaply they are better than salts, but iney isxslt in \aitorniitjrot qninjy; tome kinds being low in potash, while the customer who purchases a large quantity will incur the risk of procuring ashes that have been leacbed- FOR CLEARING FIELDS. A Rock Uftt.r 'Wnloh. Accor*l»« to It» . The rock lifter shown In the cut has fceen In operation on. any rocky New England farm for many years. It consists of -the beam (A) 4i4 inches by 4tf feet. There is a hook for chain attachment at B. The handles are self evident The iron prongs (C) are 2 feet long, 3 inches wide and Ji inches thick. There £xe two, one on each bide of the BOCK LIPTEB FOB CLEABISO STEU>S- beam, 2J» inches apart at top of beam and 2Jf inches at prongs. Daderneath the beam and on top is a steel plate inclosing the two iron prongs to retain them in place and give strength to the whole tool. In use it is hitched up to an axletree of common cart wheels. The driver straddles the rock while the man who operates tho tool with the handles jabs tho prongs- into tho soil behind the rock. This is very quickly done. When ready for tho pull the short beam has a decidedly upward slant and the pull has an oblique- movement causing- an upward thrust on the rock. For small rooks tho delay in pulling is but a briof moment and often for the large ones but a short time. Rocks are pulled out large enough to give two yoke of oien a fair pull on a drag to draw them awny. To one having sunken or half sunken bowlders there-is no tool on the farm which for its cost saves as much labor. I have cleared, the past fall a 40 acre field of several hundred rocks. In- rare exceptions for easy pulling surface rocks as high as 40 have been pulled in an hour.—J. EL Sanborn, in Farm and Homo. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Ay experienced gardener recommends putting a toad in the hotbed to hold insects In check. RAISE calves from your best cows only. Send tho others to the butchers as soon as old enough. IT is a bad principle to spend all one's capital and trust to fortune for tho rest, or think that the land will take core of itself. YOTOG animals are sometimes slow to drink cold water. Bo patient. It does not pay to drive them away from the trough before they have drank. Cows CAOTJOT be fed by a strict rule. Each one must be fed according to her requirements, and if she requires more than is profitable she should bo sold at once. THE road question and the school question are intimately joined, for when our roads are perfect It will be possible to have one central graded school in every townslii p. THEKK is more in tho man than in the cow a g-ood many times, as far as profits are concerned. Some men cot a fair profit out of their herds that other men would lose money on. POBTABLE creameries are the best and cheapest inventions that have yet been brought out for the farm dairy. They do not cost much to begin with and are perfectly reliable and easily operated. RADISH is a hardy plant. The seeds germinate quickly, and the young plants start off at'once, providing-a. supply on rich soil in a few weeks. 1 Kale is another hardy plant, and the seed may be planted very early. Simple Way of Mmlnrlnr Lund. The devices for this are numerous. I have a simple plan. There are 4,84» square yards in an acre: Any line of a certain number of yards will anawer to measure the field. If a aquare, or *> quadrangle, multiply the length by the -breadth and divide the number ot square yards by 4,840 and yon have the. number of acres and fractions thereof. If the field Is of an angular form, then measure the length, and to get the average breadth measure across the ends, add together and divide by two and yon have the mean width. I have practiced this plan for near fifty years. For ordinary work I usually measure •by stepping off, accounting a step 1 a yard. One can, by practice, measure very near correct—Colman's Rural World. :— ^PLUGTO3ACCO e ordioag trade tobaccos, will ind to A Stitch in time saves nine. A stitch in the side often results in something far more serious, unless treated at once. Allcock's Porous Plaster has saved many from lung diseases. It is invaluable for rheumatism, and pains in the back, chest or limbs. WBM •"«• tk «« *•• *•* '*•" Allcock'ft Corn Shields, Allcock's Bunion Shields, H»« no equal ai » «li«f «"l «"» *" ccnu *ni buatou. Brandreth's Pills are of great benefit in oases of torpid liver, biliousness and indigestion. REYGVO KESTORES V.'TAUTKV J-vw^^ f" ¥;*»*- •*! L. • •; i ^ *^li.V KiT T ^Sfc^fe^¥- ; ?>. 1 •' '* ""jS^flfV^--'U ^ /viMA/dil I Man Jay-'Wi-^^s- of Me. THE GREAT 30th I).)T- prodoeon tho ubovo rosalus i'.i SO •'•:' <*• I' » ct * powerfully uid anicl'ly. Cures wlxjii .-ill oUlor* fill. i'ouut: man will regain their IOKC junnhood.ttDd old mon will recover thrir yoiubiul vtj;or by u*iiu| BKV1VO, It quickly audKiirely rcMoreii Ni.TYOtt». IKiiUMxwt Vitality. Impowncy. Siglitly Eruiveaoni. LostPowcr,Failing Muuory, AVastiui: J?iHeasefi,uid all effects o£ solf-»boso or cici-mmxl indiscretion, wblob unfltfi one for study. butiKCf s or morriaic. H ' not only cure*; by t-tartinp nt the sent ol disease, but l8»Krc»t nervo tonic and blood butMcr, brine- ine bock the pinte clow to p:i!o cht*fcn »nd r«- florins :bo flro of youth. It wards off Jnsinlty and ConsuniDtion. lii'is* on bavins KliVlVO, DO . other. It can be carried ia vest ix>ck«t. By mall, .OOperpaekaco.or sis for S.~..0<>, with * P<Nd- c written. iruamnr«c to euro or rerun4. tho money. Oli^-'il-jr iruo. ROYAL MEDICINE CO., 53 Rlvtr SL, CHICAQO, I FOH SJJLK J<Y B. F. KeaslinK, DrngKutt, WEAK ME:J VIGOROUS. What PEPPER'S NERVIOOftad! It «ct» powerfully and quirky. Curci «nei all otbora fall. Younu men regain Km mnnhuoa; Ota men recover youtlif ul vigor. AlHnluMjJypimp- anteed toCur*Nervoi«Ml*M. *•?•*;•*«"££' . ther icx, Fullln* Memory, Xv**tlnc Off w». and all tfrctt of Kit alum or exeeuft aim Uicrttiox. W»rd» offlnminlty mid eon»omptlon. n't lot droititlnt ImpOKO tt worthl<!«i»ub«tltot« on u bec»u>B rtvUilnH »gr«iit«r pront. Iwloton b»T- Ina I'KEFEH'M KERVJOOK. or «c>nd for It. Can be curried la ve.t pocket. JTopald pl»m wr»p. per. •! per box, or O lor Jtlt. wlih A I*O«IMT» Written «nnr«ptee t» Cur» or»»r*li* «*• ritten nnr«pe » oney. Pamphlet free. 8oW by d Sold by B. P. Keesling aad Ben Fisher. . Lost Manhood u 4 „_ MronUv, etc., miroly cnrwi by IKWAI'O. the. l["l»t iHndoo'liomcdy. Witt nrlum™*"""""*. boWW Ben Fisbcr, DruRBist. LOGANSPORT, 1ND. la Station. ennsulvania Lines, Trains Run by Central Tlm« Bradford and Colnrobus ....... .•«.« a ra • 2.45 a m Philadelphia A N Y ............... *J2 <0 » m • 2.45 a m Blcbmono* Cl.clnraU ......... * 1 00 a m • 200 a ra Indianapolis * LoulsrlUe ..... *12.M a m • 2 15 • m Effner A Peorla (new train) ...• 2 55 a m '12 25 a m Crown Point * CWcaw ----- • »• Jf • » * "0 . W1UW11 a7VIM«*V \JU*\***tu ..«« Richmond & Cincinnati. .• 545am t'l-W P" 1 0.00 am 728pm 7 IS a m • 12,40 p m 7.80am- r" - Crown Point* Chicago... Hootlcello * Moor Bradford & Columbus tlit..............."i — ™- — iDOianiiponn a. Louisville !?•$? P m j-jj •• -j? Richmond & Cincinnati • i.«S P m * J-gS P™ Bradlort 4 ColomboB _....• 1.W P m • 125 P m PWladelphla * New Tort • »•» p m • i.» p m Montlcello & EBner t "0 p m J 7.45 • B Chicago • ...- "* *-30 p Jn * !•*«> P !• Chlcaeo'i'lnuirmedlau -• >.«> p m •12.*>f5 Kokoroo 4 Richmond 1 J*J P m 1 «2iS 2 Wlnamw nccomodauon I*-S plBl lo2?'S Mailon Aeoraodation t 5.50 • ro t 9.« ft m 1. A. MOCDLLOUGH, Agent, Loganxport. EAST BOC5D. New York EI»MM. dally......,- rssr™ Ft WayiM Accin.. except Sunday...... ».« • >n Kan. City 4 Toledo Ks., except Sunday...!!.* a n Atl»ntIe.Rxprew, dally..: Ji«R2 AooonunodatlonforZart L16p» WEST (BOUND. ;"' PaclBcIipreM, «»)I7 JSm.^ iooomodatlon for West .._,.«w> m^ Kantai City Kt, except Sunday f« P » : Lateyette Aecm., except Bonday -. ,*fflP JJ- iwSota to, daijy _ W-« P » Bel Rlvep Dlv,. Logansport. West Side- Between Logansport and Chill. • EAST Afioommodatlon. leave eiwpt 8aBd»y—-9.» ft n' WE8TIBOinn>. leeommpdition, trriw except aondM—».» a • C. «. HBWEL1V. UWt. V AND ALIA LINE. Trains I*eav« I^angport, FOft THl KOBTH. No. 25 For St. Joseph. •!?* * N4. M for SL JoMpb...^»*v..«-»^- FOETmK 80CTH. No. 51 Tor TeneHanM.... No. M For Ten* Hau»

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