BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TOL. 68—NO. 15 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72315)' TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 1967 12 PAGES ! TEN CENTS McNamara: Red Airstrips Taboo ' By BOB HORTON | suited" for achieving adminis- WASHINGTON (AP) — Sec- 'ration goals. fetary of Defense Robert S. Mc- He said the administration Namara indicates the adminis- seeks to achieve limited politi- tration will ignore congressional ca ] objectives with the fewest pressure for bombing of major i osses O f American lives, while Sirfields in North Vietnam—at - least for the present. McNamara's comments Monday implied no major escalation Of ihe air war, aside from possible increased bomb tonnages, although he clearly left the door open for future U.S. air attacks On airfields used by Soviet-built MIG fighter-interceptors. Assaults on these fields and certain North dustries have Vietnamese been urged Sen. Stuart Symington, D-Mo., the Senate Preparedness subcommittee and others. McNamara seemed to answer these demands at a news conference by declaring "we thiak the present tactics are best avoiding widening the war. As for the Communist fields, which send up Soviet-made fighters against U.S. planes, McNamara said: "We think that at least under present circumstances—and this belief can change as time goes by... the loss in U.S. lives will be less if we pursue our present target policy than they would be if we were to attack those airfields." While McNamara was discussing U.S. policy on bombing, the Preparedness snbcomittee reported high rates of desertion by South Vietnamese troops and an increase in enemy forces, despite heavy casualties inflicted in the last year. The Defense Department conceded South Vietnamese desertions were "slightly over 116,000" last year, but said the desertion rate declined in the last half of 1966 and "the marked downward trend is continuing." The State Department expressed concern Monday that 178 Americans believed held prisoner in North Vietnam are undergoing "mental and physical pressuress" from their captors. Press officer Robert J. McCloskey said there is evidence captive Americans are being harassed "to obtain confessions or statements critical of U.S. policy in Vietnam." His comments were generated by photographs in the current issue of Life magazine showing a Navy pilot bowing to an unseen North Vietnamese authority. A Life magazine photographer who visited North Vietnam sai Monday in New York he be lieves there is "a definite spli of some kind" between the Ha noi government and the Vie Cong. Lee Lockwood wrote in Lif that the Viet Cong leadershi would accept an over-all non Communist government ii South Vietnam, while Norti Vietnam insists Communist must have control of any post war government. Commenting on McNamara' statements, spokesmen said th administration fears tha knocking out North Vietnames airstrips might lead Communis China to allow basing of th MIG planes on its territory. This would present the Unite States with a sensitive problem of whether to pursue if MIC fighters based in China attackec U.S. planes raiding military tar gets in North Vietnam. Desegregation To Start in Alabama? By REX THOMAS MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) —What's the next step in Gov Lurleen Wallace's promised de fiance of a federal court order to integrate all Alabama schools? Ultimately, many legislators agree, the courts will have their way and the city and county school boards will start desegregating their faculties and in- Dateline 4 SAIGON (AP) - U.S. war planes hammered North Vietnam Monday with the heaviest raids in five months as a spokesman disclosed the loss of the 500th American plane over the Communist North in two years and two months of bomb- big. Air Force, Navy and Marine aircraft flying under the best weather conditions in weeks blasted storage areas, bridges, trucks and cargo barges in 147 missions. It was the heaviest attack since Nov. 4, when 155 missions were flown. • • . WASHINGTON (AP) — Michigan Gov. George Romney, nearing a crucial step in his undeclared move for the Republican presidential nomination, says he will not produce "specific alternative proposals" in his coming speech on the Vietnam war. Instead, Romney said Monday, he will outline "my basic attitude, my basic viewpoint" in a speech Friday night at Hartford, Conn. NAPLES, Pla. (AP) - Defense attorney F. Lee Bailey and the prosecution have engaged in sharp clashes in selecting a jury for the Carl Coppolino murder case. In his first questioning of jury candidates Monday, Bailey leemed intent on seating a panel willing to try Coppolino for one murder— not two. • WASHINGTON (AP) — Profits and practices of defense contractors are coming under increased scrutiny from high government officials as purchase of war hardware accelerates toward $40 billion a year. A Washington official said Monday Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara had initiated what the official termed a "sub rosa study" of contractors' profit levels. crease pupil integration. But before that comes about, a lot of words will be spoken, most of them angrily. There probably will be further court hearings. The first official action in response to the governor's plea to the legislature for resistance may come this week in the legislative halls where Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861 and where the Confederacy was formed. Mrs. Wallace asked the Alabama House and Senate to pass a "cease-and-disist" order directed to the three-judge court which handed down the statewide integration mandate. A resolution invoking the state's police power and calling on the court to rescind its order probably will be introduced this week. How much force such a resolution would have remains to be seen. The court probably won't recognize it. The legislature also may resolve itself into a committee of the whole to from school hear testimony administrators. Mrs. Wallace said that would enable the House and Senate to determine what legislation would be needed to support the rsistarice. Finally, unless the court order is set aside pending an appeal to the Supreme Court — and there appears to be little likelihood of that — the governor told the legislature she wants the authority to take over the schools. The strategy behind that is to compel the court to deal with the governor's office instead ef state school authorities. Mrs. Wallace could refuse to comply with the court order and say to the judges — as she did in substance last Thursay night — "You' have made the order, now you enforce it." But it takes time to get legislation of such magnitude through the House and Senate and State School Supt. Ernest Stone has just two weeks to file with the court the first in a series of status reports. Because only one of the state's more than 100 school systems was directly involved in the court decree, Stone was instructed to notify the others of the judges' order. He was given 25 days from the date of the court ruling, See INTEGRATION on Page t HEADS JAYCEES — Ted Johnson, who was selected president of the Blytheville Jaycees several months ago to fill the un-expired term of Dink White who entered the armed forces, was last night unanimously elected to his first full term. At their meeting, the Jaycees also elected a complete slate of officers and chose members of the board of directors. See additional photograph on Page Three. (Courier News Photo) NYC Director Will Get $7,200 Missco Man Is Killed In Vietnam Another Mississippi County soldier has been killed in ac- ion in Vietnam. Rick Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. Fred Taylor Jr. of Osceola, was reported this morn- ng to have been killed in com>at Saturday. Military authorities have released no information on the circumstances. Taylor, 23, was a lifelong resident of Osceola and was a graduate of Emory College, Georgia. He received his infantry training at Fort Benning, Ga. In addition tn his parents, he leaves two sisters, Miss Louise Sharon and Miss Millie Ann Taylor, both of the home; Two brothers, Reben and Bob Taylor, both of the hom«; And his grandmothers, Mrs. D. Fred Taylor Sr. and Mrs. A. R. Shesron, both of Osceola. Funeral arrangements are incomplete. Applications for the job of acting County Office of Economic Opportunity Neighborhood Youth Corps Director will be taken through Friday. The job was declared officially open last week when NYC Director John E. Bearden was given an extended emergency sick leave (without pay) for an indefinite period. "I want to be able to turn over to the personnel committee of the County OEO Board the applications by the end of the week," County OEO Director Gary Jumper said today. The position pays $7,200 per year. Applicants must have two years of college and two years of administrative experience. Applicants should apply at the Mississippi County OEO office at 215 Chickasawba. "Right now, we have 30 school drop-outs we're working with on this program," Jumper said, "plus 50 youngsters in the in-school program." Jumper hopes thaf'at least a tentative selection' will be made by midApril. European Troop Shift inadequate WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. withdrawal of 18,000 troops from Europe isn't expected to satisfy Senate pressure for even larger :roop reductions. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announced the cutback at a news conference Monday, saying it was in con- unction with President Charles de Gaulle's withdrawal of France from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's military alliance. McNamara said the troops— 16,000 in France and 2,000 in iermany—have been returned to the United States, along with 21,000 military dependents. But that total fell far short of Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield's pending resolution calling for reducing U.S. combat forces in Europe from six to two divisions. Mansfield, .whose -resolution has the backing of 46 other senators, claims large-scale forces no longer are needed in Europe, since the U.S. relies principally on its nuclear arsenal as a deterrent to aggression. The Pentagon said Monday 225,000 American troops remain in Europe. Many are in special service detachments rattier than in combat divisions. JUST A FEW BUGS — Not in the food, of course; in the schedule. To no one's great surprise or dismay, the first day of serving in the Junior High School's cafetorium did not go precisely as planned, somewhat disrupting the class schedule. However, administrators are confident that with- in a very few days, as workers and students become accustomed to the new facility, timing will run smoothly. L. D. Harris, superintendent of the Blyliieville schools, estimated 1,000 students were served in the cafetria yesterday. The kids ' had a ball. (Courier News Photo) More Ammunition for Controversy 500th Aircraft Lost By ROBERT TUCKMAN SAIGON (AP) - After two years and two months of air war against North Vietnam, the cost to the United States stood •oday at 500 planes lost and up ,o 390 fliers killed, captured or missing—an investment of at least $1 billion. Official figures place the con- r irmed number of airmen in 120 and 140. The number miss- ng is between 200 and 250. Many of these must be presumed dead. The cost of training and equipping 390 fliers runs to more than $300 million. The average flier in Vietnam, accord- ng to Air Force statistics, has eight years of flying experience with 1,600 hours in the air. The cost to train and equip each one figures out at $773,000. Added to these costs, the U.S. air offensive has expended an average of 50,000 tons of bombs, rockets and missiles each month. This is close to the rate if airborne ammunition expend- id in World War II and three imes the rate of the Korean V'ar. One Pentagon estimate places the cost of munitions at ] lately begun striking at North ?2,000 a minute, around the I Vietnam's industrial heartland clock. Bitter argument rages in the United States and many other places over whether to increase the bombings or call a halt. In recent weeks, the bombings have been intensified—with the approval, if not on the direct order of President Johnson. U.S. fighter-bombers have around Hanoi, pounding such previously immune targets as steel and power plants. Only last week, American planes attacked a surface-to-air missile site and other targets within five and six miles of Hai- phong, North Vietnam's principal port, which is protected by a 10-mile radius in which targets Critics Attack Manchester Book Head Start Meetings Set A get - acquainted and orga- lizational meeting for parents if Head Start enrolleees from east of Division Street is being ailed for 7:30 p.m. today at he Eastside Neighborhood Serice Center, 701 Lake St. A similar meeting for parents f children who live west of Di- ision will be held Thursday at p.m. in the Westside Neigh- outh 21st. St. Purposes of the meetings, ac- ording to Rev. R. W. Raines, who will preside, will be to [ive the parents an opportunity o meet one another and select ersons whom they would like o represent them on commit- ees. uiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiig JUCO VOTE | IS TODAYl HAYTI - Residents of | parts of three Bootheel j counties decide today | whether or not they will | have an area junior col- j lege. | Voters in Pemiscot, § Dunklin and part of New • Madrid counties also go to 1 the polls to decide local | contests, but the junior col- m lege is the overshadowing 1 issue. i If the college measure | is approved, classes will 1 begin in temporary facili-1 ties the fall of 1968. | Also to be elected — if | the Juco measure gets the | voters' okay — is a six- g member board of direct- a NEW YORK (AP) - William Manchester's book "The Death of a President" has received generally enthusiastic reviews from book critics. But tfiey hated it in Texas. Arthur Darack, book critic of the Cincinnati Enquirer, said Manchester wrote in "a tele- style" and that his work is "hard to read and hard to put down." William Tucker of the Miami News described it as a "solid textbook and handbook of t'ne assassination" of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963. "William Manchester's vast, moving story strikes like a meteor shower of facts and penetrating detail about one of the momentous events of history," Tucker said. Stanton Peckham of the Denver Post commented that "some will think it reveals too muc!i. It will hurt feelings. But for any one who wants to know what really happened in America that tragic weekend and how people took it — especially those closest to that weekend — there can be no more informative or authoritative account." A dissenting opinion came from Lon Tinkle of the Dallas News, who had this to say: "It is easy to fault William Manchester's vivid and artistically structured narrative of the Kennedy assassination — alas, too easy, for here is a golden opportunity thrown out the window.. "No other writer now will benefit from the memories of the person closest to the tragedy, Jacqueline Kennedy, and even she has violently faulted the book. "The multiple errors in fact and in interpretation are already being documented by historians. What is most interesting is why the book — for which many good things can be said — went wrong. "Manchester, a talented artist obviously, worked under white- lot. pressure and relied too much on his uncanny sense of intuition. This gift he substituted for wfiat the assignment required: the historian's detachment, objectivity and a devotion I to perspective. He makes a drama, not a historical record." A similar view was taken by Robert M. Jackson, editor of the Corpus Christi (Tex.) Caller. "Manchester was the public recipient o f exclusive rights," Jackson wrote. "He was, in ef- ifect, given a franchise. "Despite tiie gruesome fascination of some parts of the book one is inclined to surmise that 'The Death of a President' is going to be read about more than it is going to be read." Jackson declared that the book "isn't worth 510" and advised would-be readers to wait. "Sooner or later your neighbor who belongs to tiie book club will lend it to you. Or you can always wait for the paperback) edition." Some other comment: Paul E. Salsini, Milwaukee Journal — "Manchester is a superb writer. It is a masterful account, for Manchester is not only a writer but a historian. There undoubtedly will be other accounts of the assassination and its immediate aftermath. The Johnson memoirs remain to be written. As of now, this is the definitive account." Nashville Tennessean — "During the height of the controversy, Manchester asked simply that the book be allowed to speak for itself. And that it does, most eloquently." i3-Year-Old Is Top Speller First place winner at the Pemiscot County Spelling Bee held March 31 in the studios of KCRV radio station, Caruthersville, was David Carnell, 13, a seventh - grader from Delta C-7 School. Second place went U> J i m Jones, 13, a seventh - grader from Caruthersville, while third pri/e was won by Debbie Caudle, 14, of the South Pemiscot R-V School. First prize was $25, while second and third prizes were $15 and iflO respectively. The Carnell boy is to represent Pemiscot County at the Mid South Bee, Friday, May 5, in Memphis. may not be hit except with approval from Washington. With flying weather due to improve this month, the raids are expected to be intensified, and the cost in men and money will increase. There is talk that U.S. pilots soon may go after the so far untouched MIG airfields clustered around Hanoi and try to wipe out North Vietnam's small air force of about 100 MIG interceptors. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara Monday ruled out U.S. attacks on the MIG airfields for the present time at least but said this policy could change. Only last week, a U.S. Senate subcommittee urged the Johnson administration to lift self- irnposed bombing restrictions and to attack what one member called "more meaningful targets." The subcommittee, headed by Sen. John Stennis, D-Miss., said the cost has been heavy for the limited gains achieved. "The air raids over North Vietnam," the subcommittee said, "have made it more costly for the North Vietnamese to wage aggression, but it has been through the sacrifice of See VIET NAM on Page 3 Plan Missco Leadership Meet in April A leadership development meeting, sponsored by the agricultural extension service and the Neighborhood Service Centers, will be held at City Hall, Tuesday, April 16, beginning 7:3 p.m. Purpose of the meeting, intended to bring together leaders from all levels of the county, is to discuss common problems of community betterment. Invitations to the meeting are being sent to public officials at the municipal and county levi-. els. represetatives of civic, w ligious and charitable groups/ spokesman for low income famr ilies and others active in lead? ership within the county, according to Mrs. Helen Nunn, director of the Neighborhood Service Centers. The meeting will be conducted by Dr. J. C. Urbon, extension sociologist from Little Rock. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii Forecast Clear lo partly cloudy and cool this afternoon and tonight. Wednesday mostly sunny and warmer. High this afternoon K8 to 74. Lows tonight 48 to 56. High Wednesday 76 to S2. Outlook for Thursday fair and mild.
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