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Rutland Weekly Herald from Rutland, Vermont • 2

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Rutland, Vermont
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2
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THE RUTLA II ERALD. Authorising the Secretary of the Treasury lo act us that the man who has spent his whole life in lbe allowed to the Postmaster are equal to or exceed one thousand dollars, there shall be appointed by the President and Senate a Deputy Postmaster. THE RUTLAND HE EM LI). TUESDAY, JULY 26, 1836. THE NEW POST OFf ICE 'LAW.

The New Post Office Law, which effects some Important changes in the Pout Office Department, is so ldng that we cannot find room for it, and are, therefore, glad to avail -i ourself of a synoptia made bj. the Baltimore American. from tht Baltimore American. P9T OITNJB ORGAHIZATIO.I. Tllfr Globe pjub li'shes the 1th passed at the late session of Con.

jrTeas, entitled "An act to change the organization of thtr Post Office and to provide more ellSciually for the settlement' of the accounts there, of." As there are few; laws which bear so frequently, actively and directly upon so portion of citistens, we give our readers an abstract of its provisions by sections. Section 1st provides that all moneys received by the Post Office department shall bo paid, under the direction of the Postmaste General, into the Treasury of ihe United States. Sedi 2ti. The Postmaster General shall supmit to Congress specific estimates, under separate heads, of the sums expected to be required for the service of the Department of the subsequent year, and shall kt the succeeding session render an account of the amount annually expended. Sees.

3. 4. 5. 6 and contains provisions made very guardedly for the modes and forms in receiving and paying money in the department. Sec.

8. There shall be appointed by the Prssi- the agent of the United States in all matters relating to llioir stock in the Bank of the U. S. Repealing the fourteenth section of Ihe "Act lo incor porate the subscribers to the Bank of the U. Stales," approved April 10,1816.

To establish an ursenel ol construction in (he Slate of North Carolint Authorising; the Secretary of War to transfer a part of the appropriation for the suppression of Indian hostilities in Florida to tne crcuil oi suDsifcieiice. To change the time of holding: tho District Court of the United Slates for Ihe western District of Virginia, held at Clarksburg. Making further appropriations for the suppression of Indian hostilities in Floridu. To exltnd the lime lor selling the hind granted to the incorporated Kentucky Asylum for teaching ihe.Deuf and Dumb. Providing for Ihe salaries of certain officers therein na med, and fur other purposes.

Authorising the inmsmet Company to lay out and make a way on lttnus of the united 6uie, in Chelsea, in the Slate of Amendatory of the "act for Ihe relief of the sufiVrifrs by fire in the city of New Ymk," March 10, 1'W6. To suspend the operation ol tin? second prmiso, Unix! section of "An act making appropriations f.T4ru evil nut diplomatic expenses of Gov en -merit for the 1835 To authorise the co slruclion oi ruiir ud through lands of the United Stutes, in ripri-fii-lil, Mass. To provide for the payment ol expenses incurred and supplies furnished on occoun of the militia or volunteers received into the service ot the United states lor the dc-feuoe of Florida. Making a further appropriation for suppressing Indian hostilities in Floridu. To establish uertnin post roads, alter and discontinue others, and for other purpost s.

Making an appropriation for the. suppression of hostilities by the Creek Indians-Making appropriation for certain foitifications.of the United States for Ihe year for other purposes. Making appropriation lor the Military Academy of the United States lor the year 183S. Making appropriation for the suppression of Indian hostilities and fur other purposes. To repair and exteud Ihe United States arsenal at Charleston, South Carolina.

To renew the gld inedal struck and presented to Gen. Morgan, by order of in honor of the battle of the Cowpena. To authorise the compensation of certain officers of revenue cutlers. To authorise the appointment of additional pay piasters and for other purposes. In addition lo the act entitled "Anact making appropriations in pant foi the support of- Government for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six," and for other purposes.

To confirm the sale of public lands in certain cases. To extend the charters of certain banks in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes. For the continuation of the Cumberland road in the States of Ohicr, Indiana, and Illinois. To extend the privilege of franking letters lo Dolly P. Madison.

To promote the progress of useful arts, and to repeal all acts and parts of acts heretofore made for that purpose. Confirming the claims oi lanu tne state oi Liouis- 1 1 1 fIT. iana. To re-organise ine jeneri uwiu uiuuo. To suspend the discriminating duties upon goods im ported in vessels of Portugal, and to reduce the duties on wines.

Supplementary to an act entitled "An act to regulate the deposites of the public money," passed twenty-third June. 1836. To provide for the better protection ol the western frontier. To grant to the New Orleans and Nashville railroad company the right of way through the public lands of the United Stales. Making additional appropriations for the Delaware Breakwater, and lor certain harbors, and removing obstructions in and at the mouths of certain rivers, and for other purposes, for the year 1836.

Making further appropriations for carrying into effect certain Indian treaties. Making appropriations for the improvement of cert ain harbors therein mentioned, for the year 1836, and for other purposes. To repeal so much of the act of March 2d, seventeen hundred and ninety, as respects the issuing of certificates on the importation of ines. Granting half pay to widows and orphans, where their hasbands and fathers have died of wounds received in the military service of the United States, iu certain cases, and ur other purposes. JOINT RESOLUTIONS.

Resolution to authorise and enable the President lo assert and prosecute with effect the claim of the United States to the legacy bequeathed to them bj James Smith-son, late of London, deceased, to found at Washington, under the name ol Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men. To apply the unexpended balance of the appropriation for the Potomac bridge, to the improvement of Maryland A veuue, leading lheieloand for other purposes. To authorise the Secretary of War to receive additional evidence in support of the claims of Massachusetts and other Stales of the United States, fordisbursments, services, itc. during the war. To change the time of making contracts for the transportation of the mail.

Providing forthe distribution of weights and measures. Authorising the President to furnish rations to certain inhabitants of Floridu. 4 To establish certain post roads in Missouri and Arkansas. Referring the petition and papers of the heirs of Robert Fulton, deceased, to the Secretary of the Navy, to report thereon to Congress. To suspend the sale of a part of the publ ic lands acquired by the treaty ol Dancing Rabbit Creek.

Authorising the repair of the bridge across the Potomac at Washington. Another Fire in JYeio York. The Journal of Commerce of the 20th inst. says About 4 o'clock yesterday morning, the large five story brick building, H7 Nassau street, belonging to the American Bible Society, and occupied as their printing establishment by DaiiielFanshavv, was discovered to be on fire, and -notwithstanding the mont praiseworthy and indefatigable exertion? of the fire department, the interior of the huildiiijr vnis riddled from bottom to ton, and its contents eit her rov ed or badly Among- tin? prcporly the building were 18 or 19 povu-r pt-o-, nil a stvcui engine, with tho other tiPi'phsry appanriih tor driving them. All these were put hois du combat, though we are incliued to think they are not in the aggiegatc damaged more than fifty per cent, on their former value.

A large amount of type is destroyed, together with the office furnitjre, all of which, with the presses, belonged to Mr Fanshaw, whose loss must be nearly $20,000. He is insured only $5000. The Bible Society owned the building, on which they had $5000 insurance, and an equal amount on their property within it. In both cases, the insurance will more than cover their loss. The damage to the building is not probibly above $2500, as tho walls stand firm, and the timbers, though much burnt, hive not fallen.

Among the property of the Society destroyed, were portions of an edition of the New Testament in modern Greek, of the Bible in German, of a Pocket Bible in of the last Annual Report, which was nearly ready for publication. The main huil-ding of the Society, containing the Depository and Secretary's rooms, was not injured. This is the third time that said building has been imminently exposed to destruction by fire, within the year past. It however rtill stands, like the Bonk whose nnme it bears, unscathed amid the assaulU of the element! ttd the tnaUcO of wicked men. service of his country, with economy, as to public expenditures and disbursmeuts, of the strictest kind, and who now is usefully employed as a clerk of a Court to gain his subsistence who never received a uollor out of tho public Treasury which he did not earn twice over is no friend of a' republican administration of the government? Compare him with Martin Van Buren, whose whole life has been one career after the spoils of office, who has become rich and has fattened on the- public revenue who has no principle under heaven except his own personal interest 1 ask.

are the neoule of Vermont blinded about this matter? I trust not. A more intelligent people is not to be found people that understand their rights better. I hope if any one is mistaken or deceived, they will inform themselves without delay, a citizen of tub north. Painful duties. We are well awuro that it not generally appreciated how puinful are the duties of oo class of our fellow citizens whose employments are of professional nature, in Ihis wide world of toils and tiou-bles.

And those who would seemingly envy this class on account of their apparent ease and pleasant condition in life, need only to have a little experience in the the professions and we think they would rest satisfied, without further indulging themselves in5 ungenerous and envious feelings in relation to them. The Di vine, for. in his laborious pastoral ministrations has incessqtly to warn his hearei aga-inst the consequences of sin and vice and to picture to them the awful doom to which they may be hereafter consigned, if thty persist in their wayward course. The Lew Advocate is frequently subjected to the pain of animadverting upon the adverse party of his client, with great severity and the criminal prosecutor hu lo dwell upon the error? and crimes of the poor and miserable respondent at the bar of justice, and portray his offences and crimes. The Judieial officer too, who hoi to be fastened to his seat until it would seem he could hardly disengage himself, day in and day out, and after listening to and hearing all that can be conjured up and thought of by indefiitigable council on both sides of the case, has to decide upon it to the chagrin and, mortification of one or the other of the partieaand often be subject to the reproaches of him against whom be decides.

He too, furthermore, in the course of his ministmtienj, has to pronounce the dreadful sentence of imprisonment and death upon many of his fellow mortals, and thus consign them to an ignominious end; The Physician too, is the bumble servant of every bo dy subject to be called upon by night and by day, in storms and in. calms, in cold as woll as in hot weather. He has to attend upon the most loathsome diseases to lacerate the flesh and amputate the limbs ofsuffering mor tals, and bear with their groans and bitter lamentations. But what we are more particularly aiming at in thi article is, the painful and1 unpleasant task to which our own profession is subject, if we are faithful sentinels in the stations in which we are placed, and fearlessly Jo oar duty. We have to examine and discuss all public -measure, endeavor to point out errors and absurdities, and encounter zealous and- headstrong combatants on questions of policy.

We have to keep watch of the men in the service of tho public, and expose their errors and mal-con-duct. And what is infinitnly mure puinful thun all, we havetolteep an eye upon the numerous claimants for public employment personally allude to them and expose every thing that looks like imposition and fraud up-, on the community. And, it is not unfrequent that we have to expose many of hose of our fellow citizsns.who, at one lime are contending with us in the same cause with great apparent zeal as political friends and companions and then at a subsequent period are found on the other side and against us without even attempting to explain rationally why it is that they should play such a seemingly treacherous game. The miserable and incredible cant exouses which are sometimes offered by these deserters, that they have been, blinded and deceived; that they have got tired and weary of opposing "the party," in power that it will do no-good to contend against such fearful odds that the ship may as well be given up first as last, 4c. (at the same time are seeking preferment with their late opponents,) is all humbug.

These excuses will do for those who consider "that all is fair in politics," or for thoe low and degraded wretches who are always in the political market. But they will, hardly do for men who pretend lo lay claim to intelligence, integrity and consistency, an who are asking the freemen to bestow their suffrages up on them for public employment. We have been led to these remarks from some recent analogous cases in our own vicinity. Hence, we ore constrained to put a few queries to some of the new convorts to what is called "Van Buren Democracy," for consideration. How is it wilh Messrs Clark and Kellogg, of this county Have they been blinded and deceived by the Whig? Kuve they been dupes and dunces for eight or ten ytr past uod not enabled, to distinguish between correct and erroneous principles (We thought they had been leaders and-guides to their party in some measure, instead of9tupid followers.) Have they so soon forgotten the high and frequent ch arges (true ones too) of mal-odmin-istration they used to make against the predominant pan-ty Has not Jackson been denounced by them over anil over again, as an arrogant, headstrong usurper of power, and that the legitimate successor (Martin Vnn Buren) was an intrigueiug, corrupt and daugerous politician These changes are mysterious arid revolting lo us, among men who pretend to have the least regard for political integrity, and we cannot pass over them in silence, painful as it may be and if ever political men deserved the execration of Ihe whole community, it is those in our es-timatidn, who will thus trifle with their integrity.

We would as soon brand wilh infamy a real political traitor as we would a military one. However, if these men have an apology to make to the public for their conduct, ihey thall be heard through the medium of our own paper if they choose, for we do not wish to condomn anyone without a hearing, criminal as they may uppeortobe. There ore others of our fellow citizens to whom these remarks and qaones would be in part appropriate for instance. Mr Bliss of Poullqey, Mr Buckmaster of Shrewsbury; and they like the other two above named gentlemen, immediately after betraying themselves (as we say) into the hands of wicked men, turn round and ask the freemen, to place them in the public councils of the State I Will you do so, fellow citizens If we are not mistakes we think you will teach these men to seek other rewards for theii treachery than the suffrages of those they have betrayed fTSTThe numerous friends and acauainttnees of of Mr. D.

S. Kittle, formerly of Washington Co. and more recently ot Lastleton, Vt, re informed that he is now engaged as an assistant of Mr Hull, at the, Mansion Houm in this city. Trey Whig, Sec. 34.

Assistant poslmabters and clerks shall be exempt from military duties and serving on juries Sec. 35. Provides for the advertising letters re maining in the postofflces. BCC 00. IN0 poslmaaier snail rrctivu irue ui puai- ge any letter or package containing any other than paper or money, under a penalty of fine and diemis- 1.

Sec. 37. Provides for the releasing of the original sureties of a postmaster, by substituting others. Sec. 38.

Any person who sliill be accessory alter the fact to the offence of stealing any letter or packet from the Mail of the United Stales by any person whatever, shall upon conviction thereof be tied not exceeding one thousand dollars and im prisoned for a term not exceeding five years. Sec. 39. The Port master-General is authorised to establish an Express Mail, in addition to the or- inary mail, and to charge triple the amount of postage for letters carried by it. Sec.

40. In case ot the death, Sic. of the posimas ter General, his powers shall ad interim devolve on the first Assistant Postmastet Generol. Sec. 41.

Subjects the. letter carriers in every city to the control of the Postnaster General': Sec, 42; Provides for the transportation of the inflil hy canals. Sec. 43'and 44. Define the amounts of tho sala ries of of tho Assistant-Postmaster-General and his clerk9, and of the Auditor and his clerks.

Sec. 45. Three one hundred and fifty housand dollars shall be appropriated for the ser vice of the Post Office Department for the year commencing on the first day of July, 1836 TITLES OF ACTS PASSED AT THE PRESENT SESSION OF CONGRESS. The following is a list of all the acts of a public char acter that have been passed at the late session of Con- ross. We copy them from the National Intelligencer.

An act to settle aud establish the northern boundary of the State ofOliio. To authorise Ihe allowance of certain charges in the accounts of the American Consul at London. To divide the Green Bay laud district in Michigan, and for other purposes. To regulate the deposites ol the public money. For the relief of the sufferers by the fire in the city of New York.

la addition to the act of the 24th of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty eight, entitled "An act to au thorise the licensing of vessels to. te employed in ine mackerel fishery." To effect patents Tor public lands issued in the names of deceased persons. Establishing the territorial Government of Wiscosm. To extend the charters of the Bank of Columbia, in Georgetown, and the Bank of Alexandria, in the city of Alexandria. To establish the northern boundary line of the Stale of Ohio, and lo provide for the admission of the Slate of Michigan upon the conditions therein expressed.

For the admission of the State ot ArKausas into ihe Union, and to provide for the due execution of the laws of (he United Slates within the same, and for other purposes. Explanatory ol the acl eninieu "An act lo prevent de falcations on Ihe part of the disbursing agents of the government, and for other purposes." To curry mlo effect the treaties concluded by the Chickasaw tribe of Indians, on the twentieth October, eighteen hundred and thirtytwo, and twentyfourth of May, eighteen Hundred ona tnirtyiour. To amend an act to grant curtain relinquished and appropriated lands to Ihe State of Alabama, for the purpose of improving the navigation of the Tennessee, Coosa, Ca- huba, and black VY nrrior rivers. To extend the western boundary of the Stale ot Mis souri to the Missouri river. To authorise tho Governor and Legislative Council of the the Territory of Florida to sell the lands heretofore reserved fur the benefit of a generalsemmary or learning in said Territory.

Supplementary to the act entitled "An act lor the ad mission of the State of Arkansas into the Union, and to provide for the due execution of the laws of the United States within the same, and for other purposes." Supplementary to an act entitled "An act to establish the northern boundary line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the Union, on certain conditions." For the due execution of the laws of the United States within the Slate of Michigan. Explanatory of an act entitled An act to release Irom duty Iron prepared for and actually laid on railways and inclined plains. For the uuvmenl of certain companies ol tne miiuia oi Missouri and Indiana, for services rendered against the Indians in 1332. Making appropriations, in part, for the support ol Oo- vernment for the vear 1836. Makini appropriations for the payment of the revolu tionary pensioners ot the United States lor tne year ibjo.

Making appropriations ior me navai service ior me vear 1836. Making appropriations lor the support oi me Army ior the year 1836. To carry into ettect convention between the unueu States and Spain. Granting pensions, and arrearages of pensions, to certain persons therein named. Making aa appropriation for repressing hostilities commenced by the Seminole Indians.

Making appropriations for the current expenses of the Indian Department for Indian annuities, and other Sinn lar objects for the year 1836. For the reliel ol Thomas Dixon and Uompany, ol New York. To authorise the President of the United States to cause to be issued to Albert J. Smith, and others, patents for certain reservations of lands in Michigan Territory. Confirming to the legal representatives of Thomas I1 Reddicka tract of 640 acres of land.

For the relief of Abraham Forbes, a spy in the late war. Granting a pension to Theophilus E. first lieutenant in the 4lst regiment of th United States infantry. Authorizing the commissioner of the General Office to issue to David J. Talbot a patent for a quarter section of land in Missouri.

1 Te provide for the paying of certain pensioners of the United States at Pulaski, in the State of Tennessee. To extend the charter of certain hanks in the District of Columbia to the 1st of October, 1836. Making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of Government for the year 1836. Making an additional appropriation for repressing hostilities commenced by the Seminole Indians. For the relief of Peter Dimick, of the State of New York.

Te change the organization of Post Office Department, and to provide more effectually for the settlement of the accounts thereof. Authorizing the President of the United States to accept the services of volunteers, and'to raise an additional regiment of dragoons or mounted riflemen. Authorisinga special term of the Court of Appeals for the Ten ilory of Florida, and for other purposes. To appeal so much of the act entitled "An1 act transferring the duties of commissioners of Loans to the Bank of the United States, and abolishing the office of commis-ioner of Loans," as requires the Bank of the U. States to perform tho duties of commissioner of Loans for the several States.

To presoribe the mode of paying pensions heretofore granted by the United States. To authorise the conveyance of certain lands belonging to the Universitv of Michigan. For the relief of Thadeus Potter, of the Slate of New York. To provide for the paymept of volunteers and militia corps in the Mrvice of the United States, and for the ap- potatmcut of additional paytnaitcn. NATIONAL 1 1CXT.

FOR PRESIDENT OF THE U. S. WILLIAM II. II All 15 1 SON, OF OHIO. FOR VICE PRESIDLNT.

FRANCIS. GRANGER, OF HBW VORK. STATE For Govcraor, 31 LAS IS. JE W.I SON. For Lt Governor, DAVID M.

CAMP. For Treasurer, AUGUSTINE CLARK. FOR MEMBER OF CONGRESS SliCONB, DISTRICT. WILLIAM SLADE. SENATORS FOR RUTLAND COUNTY.

ROBERT PIERPOINT, WILLIAM C. KITTRIDGE, THOMAS D. HAMMOND. flT3 HARRISON IS COMING. 0, "Behold Ihe conquering Ifero come" The valiant old Hero and Statesman, General WILLIAM HARRISON has conquered the usurpers of power, the oppressors of the People in the States of PENNSYLVANIA, (the Key State,) Ohio, Kentockt, Maryland, Virginia, Louisiana M.

Carolina, Delaware, Indian Vermont, has long since declared for the Wes tern Hero. Massachusetts, which has been here tofore for Mr Webster, is about surrendering Con necticut, Maine and Rhode Island will follow suit, together with several more Western States. NEW YORK too, the Empire State, is shaking to the center; and from present appearances we should think that nothing could resist the growing popularity of the Hero of "North Bend." If either friend or foe of Gen Harrison had predicted two years ago that this long retired Cincinnatus could have been brought forward and enabled to put down Old Hickory's administration, together with the New York Regency and the whole Kitchen Cabinet, he would have been laughed at. But as things now look, the great miracle is already nearly ac complished. A few months, at leaBt, will tell the story, and the wqnderful work wilt be accomplished, to the utter discomfiture, as we now have reason to believe, of those who have so shamefully abused the power entrusted to them by the people.

Who is of.berai, Harrison Some of the tory papers say he is a coward. It would be uncivil for Us to say to our brother editors, they lie. This abrupt retort will perhaps be received with a better relish from pue of their own partizun iduls, Col. R. M.

Johnson. Here it is in an Extract from a speech delivered in the House of Representatives, by said Hon. R. M. Johnson, of Kentucky, on the bill for the relief of J.

C. Harrison, deceased, March 2d, 1831. Oue.ofthe securities is Geo. Win. H.

Harrison and who is Gen, Harrison? The son of one of the signers pf the Declaration of Independence, who spent the greater part of his large fortune in redeem ing the pledge he then gave of "his fortune, life and 6acred honor," to secure the liberties of his country. Of the career of Gen. Harrison I need not speak the history of the west is his history. For forty years he has been identified with its interests.its perils and its hopes. Universally beluved in the walks of peace, and distginuished by his ability in the councils of his country, he has been yet more illustrioutly distingsihed in the field.

During the late war he was longer in active service than any other General officer he was perhaps oflener in action than any one of them, and never sustained a defeat." The following is an extract of a letter from Col. R. M. Johnson, Van Buren's candidate for Vice President, which was addressed to Gen. Harrison, July 4ih, 1813.

"Two great objects induced us to come First to be at the regaining of our own Territory, and Detroit, and at the taking of Maiden and secondly, to wjrve under an officer in, whom we have confidence. We would not have engaged in the service with out such a prospect ice did not want to serve vnder cuwanls or traitors but vnder one ivho had proved himself to he wise, prudent and Extract of a letter from Commodore Perry, to General Harrison, dated Aug. 18, 1817 "The prompt change made by you in the order of battle on discovering the position of the enemy, has always appeared to me to have evinced a high degree of military talent. I concur with the venerable Shelby in his general approbation of your conduct in that campaign." From the Vermont Watchman. I am much astonished as one cf the people, to find that seme suppose Gen.

Harrison not to be a friend of democratic principles. If I supposed this to be tho case I would not support him for a moment. The great principles of equal rights are too sacred and too important to be given up for the support of any individual. I have always been told by those who are wiser than myself to prefer republican principles to any man, however great his talents or abilities. Geu.

Harrison not a friend of republican principles Look at his letter to the nominating committee of this State. Look at his reccut h. -o Mr 6. Williams. Will it be said 111 MH.

deut' with, the consent of ihe Senate, an Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department. are prescribed in detail. Sec. 9. Defines the duties of the PostMaete Gen ml, giving him control over all the officer and agents of the department.

See. 10 The Auditor shall report quarterly to the P8ttnaster General'aceountof the moneys paid pursuant to appropriations, in each year. By post- masters, out of the proceeds of their offices, towards the expenses of the Department. Sec. 11.

The Postmaster General shall, within sixty days after the making of any contract, cause a duplicate thereof to lodged in the office of the AudUor of the PoHt Office Department; He shall aviso cause to be promtly certified to the Auditor all establishments and discontinuance of post offices and all appointments, deaths, resignations, and re morale of postmasters, together with all orders which may originate a claim or effect the accounts of the Department Sec. 12: The accounts of the Department shall kept in-such. a. manner as to exhibit the respective amounts received from and expended upon par ticular objects. Sec.

13. Bonds and contracts shall hereafter be made to and with the United Slates of America, and all suits be instituted in the name of the same, Sec." 14. The Auditor shall superintend the col lection of all debts due to the department. Sec IS Copies of the quarterly returns of the postmaster, and of any papers pertaining to the ac counts of the Auditors, certified hy him under his seal of office, shall be remitted as evidence in the Courts in the United States. Sec.

16. Defines the duties of. the attorneys of the United States in the prosecution of suits in behalf of the Depftment, and in making their re- turr. Sec. 17." The Postmaster General shall cause suit -to be brought to recover back, in all cases of over payment.

See. 18 The auditor shall settle all balaces due from postmasters on accouut of transactions prior to the first day of July eighteen hundred and thirty six, prosecuting to judgement aud execution ne Sec. 16. The auditor, or any mayor of a city, justice of the'peace, or judge of any court of record in the Unitec states, oy mm especially aesignaiea shall be authorized to administer oathes or affir mations, in relation to the examination and set tlement of the accounts committed to his charge. Sec.

20. There shall be employed by the Post master General a third Assistant Postmaster Gen eral, with a specified number of clerks. Sec. 21. Provides for the number and pay of the clerks and other officers in the office of the a Jitor.

Sec. 22. The Postmaster General shall make an nually to Coogres, five several Reports namely 1st, a Report of all contracts for the transporation of the mail, with, particular details 2d, a Report of all extra allowances to contractors, and of what ver relates thereto 3d, a Report on the iuciden tal expenses of the Department, methodically ar lanred under the specified heads 4th, a report on the finances of the Department; 5th a report of all fines imposed, and deductions from the pay of con tractors for failures to deliver the mail, or toy other cause. Sec. 23.

The Postmaster General shall, befor advertisin? for proposals for the transportation of the mail, from the best judgment practicable as to the mode, time, and frequency of transportation on each route, and advertise accordingly. No con aolidated or combination bid shall pe received, and the conditions of contracts and principles on which extra allo wances may be made, are defined. See. 24. Proposals for all mail contracts shall be delivered to the Department sealed, and shall be kept sealed until the biddings ate closed.

The contracts in all cases shall be awarded to the low est bidder, except when his bid is not more than five per cent, below that of the last contractor, on the route bid for, who shall have faithfully perform ed his contract. The Postmaster General shall not pe bound to consider the bid of any person who shall have wilfully or negligently failed to execute a prior contract. Sees. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31, all relate to contracts for transporting the mail. The thirty second section determines a point which has bee much agitated for some months past.

We give it entire. Sec. 32. And be it further enacted, That if any postmaster shall unlawfully detain in his office any letter, package, pamphlet or newspaper, within tent to prevent the arrival and delivery of the same to the person or persons to whom such letter.pack ge, pamphlet or newspaper may be addressed or directed in the usual course of the transportatio of the mail along the route or if any postmaster hall with intent as aforesaid, give a preference to any letter, package, pamphlet, or newspaper, over shall pass through his office by for warding the one and retaining the other, he shall on conviction thereof, bo fined in a sum not exceed ing five hundred dollars, and imprisonment for term not exceeding tlx months, and shall, more over, be forever thereafter incapable of holding the office ot poitoiaster ia the United States. 33.

In effrees where the communions ORIGINAL STAINED.

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