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The Berkshire Eagle from Pittsfield, Massachusetts • Page 1
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The Berkshire Eagle from Pittsfield, Massachusetts • Page 1

Pittsfield, Massachusetts
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WAR AND PEACE The City Edition Eagle People of Europe Know What Peace Is Page 12 Berkshire Evening 22 Pages Price Three Cents Volume 50 o. 107 Pittgfield, Massachusetts. Friday, October 3, 1941. Reds Beaten, Germans Unbeatable, Hitler Declares Fuehrer Directs U. S. Asks Religious Freedom of Reds Warning at U. S. Understanding Many Die by Firing Squads; Rain Prevents Third Game German Leader Declares Russia Already Destroyed Attack on Her Necessary With Vatican War BERLIN (UP). Adolf Hitler claimed today that Russia eace Quiets In Of fins EBBBTS FIELD, Brooklyn (i The third world series game between the Yankees and Dodgers was postponed today Com. LandU after a teady rain had left the field unplayable. After inspecting the sodden field twice, the cenaeissioner called all the newspapermen together tinder the grandstand and announced: "Gentlemen, I have made my de Harriman Instructed already is destroyed "to a great extent" and asserted Germany's ability to defeat "all possible enemies" regardless cThow many billions they are going to spend" to fight the Axis. Hitler's reference appeared to be directed plainly at the United States. Hitler broke his 103-day silence since the outbreak of the German-Russian war at a great winter relief rally at the To Take Lp Religious Discussion Another Panama Ship Prague Mayor li. The game off. WASHINGTON (UP) --President Roosevelt disclosed today that Wt Before deciding finally, he called Berlin Sports Palace. He declared: Torpedoed in Atlantic' Condemned, Averell Harriman, chief of the New Operations Colette Saved American mission to Moscow, ha been Instructed to take up wit! the Russian government the ques ,4 Vast operations have been lsuhched on the eastern front In the last 48 hours "which will help to both the Weather Bureau and the airport end was told there was no chance that the sun would come out later in the day, and that it probably would go right on rain- Only a few hundred bedraggled fans were in line outside the park, waiting for the gates to open. tion of religious freedom in the Soviet Union. The President said at a press destroy our enemies in the east" Rioto and Sabotage Against Conquerors Spreading By The Associated Press Red Annies Throw Nazis Back Again Smashing Attack RIO DE JANEIRO (UP). The United States embassy here said it had been advised by the consulate at Recife that the steamship West Nilus had picked up 18 survivors from the torpedoed Panama tanker, J. C. White. The embassy reported that the survivors were believed to have been picked up about 450 miles off Peifnambuco. The West Nilus is expected to arrive at Rio with the survivors tomorrow. conference that Harriman had ceived those specific instruction. He added that the overture made through him were not the first directed" toward the Soviet govern ment with the objective of obtain ing religious freedom in Russia. He would not reveal the time or the specific nature of the prior The revolt of Europe's conquered millions erupted in new violence 2 Russia already "To a great extent is destroyed." 3 Germany has the transport, the production and the ammunition to "beat all possible enemies" no matter how vast their plans or "how many billions they are going to spend." 4 The war may last long time" and it is a struggle "of life and death" for the Reich in which the "greatest battles of all time" are being fought. 5 Russian troops mass in gs, demands for a free hand in Finland Raiders Back Over British today and drew iron-fisted reprisals Truce Prevails For Exchange OfiPrisoners I British and Nazi Guns Silent I nti! Tuesday NEWt HAVEN, England (UP) A trucj descended on the English Channel this afternoon a strange peace that will continue until Tuea-daj- when exchange of 3000 British and German war wounded will be completed. Two great hospital ships, flying the flag of the International Red Cross, rode at anchor in this south coast port. The last" boom of guns along the sun-dappled shore sounded shortly after roon. Over the land there wis a quietness reminiscent of the days when peaceful commerce and business was the major interest of the English Channel. No planes of the Royal Air Force or the German Luftwaffe were seen in the skies this afternoon nor were there warships visible on the channel waters. -Unusual Calm in many countries. Recaptures 30 Mi Ies moves, but he did say they were The quiet of pre-dawn Paris was shattered by explosions wrecking six synagogues, with two persons in Coast jured. Right-Wing terrorists were blamed. Berlin reported that the mayor comparatively recent. More Acceptable The President's latest disclosures on the religious question came after one of his close political associates had told The United Press that diplomatic developments appeared in progress with the objective of making Soviet Russia more acceptable to world Catholicism and anti-Russian elements in the Germans Make Heaviest Raid on Britain in Months jf Impeachment Closes Career of Coakley Senate Overwhelmingly Votes To Oust Councilor Appeal Being Considered LONDON of United States, as an ally against Of Territory By The Associated Press Russia's Red armies reported to- day they had thrown the Germans back nearly 30 miles on the Leningrad front, overrun Nasi Mg trenches around the old czarist capital, and inflicted more than 8700 casualties on the long battlellne from the Gulf of Finland to the Black Sea. The Berlin radio asserted, however, that Nasi troops had occupied czarist palaces southwest of Leningrad presumably at Tsarskoye Selo, the "czar's village." IS miles south of the city. A British broadcast said the Russians had recaptured Strelna, 20 miles west of Leningrad; hurled the Germans back nearly 30 mile to Lake Ladoga from Kolpino, and reestablished communications between Leningrad and Moscow. antiaircraft guns blamed for hours during; the night along a 550-mile Hitlerism. One quarter suggested that Mr. Roosevelt is hopeful of a rap and Rumania, for control of the Dardanelles and the right to send troops into Bulgaria rejected by Germany before outbreak of the wai made the conflict inevitable. Counts Booty Hitler gave this tabulation of Germany's war successes against Russia Prisoners cannon, more than 22.000; armored vehicles, more than planes 14,500 all destroyed or captured. Tjbere is no enemy," Hitler proclaimed "whom, with our supplies and with our ammunition, we cannot defeat." He asserted that 25,000 kilometers of Russia's railroads now sre in Nazi control, 15,000 kilometers already transformed to the prochement between the Vatican and Moscow that might lead to an BOSTON 0P In the twilight of "Pure as Snow1 exchange of diplomatic representatives in time for such a development to exert vital world-wide Influence the Axis. a stormy political career, 76-year-old Daniel H. Coakley bowed out of office as a Massachusetts executive councilor with his chin up bock workers went about their Mr. Roosevelt's disclosure 1 of Harriman's instructions was the early today, forhidden by the State tasks paying scent attention to the unusual calm. The hospital ships the St. Ju Senate from holding in the future "any position of honor, or profit, or third statement he has made this week on the question of religious liberty in Russia. At his Tuesday press conference he said that the Soviet constitution's religious freedom provisions were essentially narrower gauge of the German rail lian arid the Dinard tugged at arjchorJ steam up and ready to push out into the Down across the British countryside ramr train carrying hundreds system: that German troops stand trust under this commonwealth. Thus came to an end the Bay State's first impeachment trial since 1825, and end which Cook-ley's counsel called a "political as stretch of the eastern and soum-eastern coasts of Scotland and England at German planes which, taking advantage of a brilliant waxing hunter moon made their greatest raid in nearly five months. The harvest moon last month had passed without incident. Now the Germans had started to attack in force, as a retort to Winston Churchill's statement that they, had been weakened in The air or In retaliation for punishing British raid on Germany. Two town took the brunt of the night's attacks, one in northeastern Bn gland (the Germans mentioned Newcastle), the other on the southeast English coast. Raiders Daring So daring were Individual German raiders that one swept low over the main "street of the northeast coast town and fired his cannon along it. Over the southeast town they Soviet Marines were raid to have executed a bold landing west of Leningrad and dug in on the gulf coast where Nasi batteries have bombarded Russian naval base which guards tha sea approach to the great northern metropolis. rfatMaaWflMkfefesBl similar to those in our cpnstltu-J0f Gertnan war prisoners 1500 i witll be; exchanged in return for A storm of controversy followed Jaequii number of British prls-that remark, and yesterday the iuuu Kilometers (660 miles) beyond the Reich frontier "east of Smolensk, before Leningrad and on the Black Sea." "Since June 22." he said, "everything has gone according to plan. The initiative has not been wrested from the German military com Some time about dusk the wnue nouse iouowea me presidents first statement with another of Prague, Otokar Klapka, had been condemned to death by the German "people's" court on charges of plotting rebellion, and fhe government of Nazi-dominated Slovakia decreed the death penalty for sabotage. -f German firing squads were reported crackling again in both Prague and Brno, In the Bohemia-Moravia protectorate (old Czechoslovakia). Prague newspapers sr. id 18 were executed yesterday 15 shot, and three Jews hanged as agents of the German Gestapo pressed a sweeping investigation of rebellion in the protectorate. Thirteen editors and officers of the former Czech Army, including three retired generals, were among thoae executed, the German radio said, following the discovery of a plot for an armed uprising. London heard that eight persons had been executed in Holland for aiding British filers and reported that German authorities there had threatened "even stricter punishment in the future." Marshall Petain intervened today at Vichy to save the life of Paul Colette, under death sentence for the attempted assassination of Pierre Layal and Marcel Deat. The young Norman's sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. Colette, who was sentenced to die by a special French court in Paris Wednesday, was saved from the guillotine at the last minute. At the urgent request of Laval and Deat themselves. They were gravely wounded in the attempt on their lives, which was made Aug. 28 at a public ceremony. Colette yesterday had appealed for clemency to Marshal Petain, the only man who could save him. Advices yesterday indicated that death sentences had been imposed upon 130 Czechs. It was not clear, however, how many of those had been executed and it was possible that those shot last night were among the 130 listed previously as convicted. None of the latest to die was hour wfien the residents of this town usually draw their blackout mand for one moment. We did not sassination," and an end to a half century during which he rose from an obscure Democratic ward worker to recognition as one of Massachusetts most powerful political bosses. Atty. William H. Lewis, counsel for Coakley, indicated today that the defense might delay further action until the appointment of the councilor's successor. A test of the appointment, he said, could be made in the State Supreme Court, opening the way for a complete re err in the accuracy of our 1 -aSaaawX 1 or in the courage of our soldiers in-which It expressed hope that an ''opening wedge" been driven for freedom of religion tin practice in the Soviet Union. Mr. Roosevelt indicated today that the religious freedom principle was an important issue discussed by Harriman during the Moscow conferences. But he said he could give no details pending a report from Harriman. in operations at the front or in the home front." Recalling circumstances leading up to the dutbreak of war. Hitler curtains and shut out ail ugnt in feftr of Nazi bombing planes the train lo4ds of wounded will draw in beside the docks and start discharging their human Cargo. New Haven showed ho unusual siins. There were; no flags, no gathering of crowds. The town wis just as it has been since the dived into furious gun fire to blast said that the German sunremp homes and business premises with their bombs and machine guns. They dived in relays in three sep start of the war virtually de arate raids raids- tv kJ The President did not deny, but 11Z1a All along the coast from the ilikewiJe did not affirm directly, rth of Forth to the Strait ofithat npotiation miv rum ui vim i "'i mat corroiary negotiations may the war the St. Julian command could not guarantee a decision over Britain so long sic vast forces of the Luftwaffe and Wehrmacht must be detained in the East to guard against attack by Russia. Never Betrayed Task "I never betrayed a task given to me since I took over the destiny uover ana oeyona, in- ti have been initiated through his planes in groups and individually personal representative, Myron C. bombed and machine-gunned, as Taylor in conversations with Pope the guns roared and British fighter I pjYjs xil at Vatican City, planes, went up to challenge them, Taylor is en route spack to this a a. ml a L-. fliiirii i iiiiiai lii i MlaNAS ('mint aStt4 4 -iaaanrtaaiaaai 4 country, and in resnohse to1 arid Dinard were in channel service, carrying thousands of Britishers across the French coast for holidays! and bringing French vacationers jto Britain. The St. Julian was converted to war dutkr at the outbreak of hostilities and during the Dunkirk evacuation brought hundreds of wound of Germany," he said. "Our work was to leave our name forever in sus At least three German planes history. We were not eager for were shot down. The main offensive activity of gestions that his Vatican envoy may have been discussing the status of religion in Russia with war. the Royal Air Force during the me wjm v. ed hack! to Britain ea nacK io Britain. He reviewed the German alliance with Italy and spoke of his "sin Daniel Coakley Justice Brandeis Seriously 111 WASHINGTON, (UP) Louis Dembitz Brandeis, retired justice of the Supreme Court, was gravely ill at his home here today. He suffered a heart attack Wednesday night. The Liberal jurist, who retired from the court Feb. 13, 1939 after 23 years of service, had been in good health for his age. He will be 85: Nov. 13. As has been his custom for years, he spent the summer with Mrs. 7, i night was a comparatively light ggr WgssT, Mr. Roosevelt New Haven was kaWare that it view of the case. The Council, of which Coakley had been a member since 1933, is an elected, advisory body to the governor, with power to accept or reject the governor's pardon recommendations. Votes Recorded He was; convicted by substantial margins on 10 of 14 impeachment articles of misconduct and maladministration fcased upon accusations that he corruptly aided criminals to obtain pardons. The proceedings grew out of a two-year state inquiry into reports that criminals were buying their way out Of prison. Senator James A. Gunn of Montague, Donald A. MacDonald of West Springfield and George W. Krapf of i Pittsfield voted to convict on ail but the" two Maurice Limon charges and Sen. Tycho Petersen of Springfield voted to convict on 11 of the 14 charges. A half dozen errors on a pardon petition he prepared for a Rhode Coakley Continued on Second Page Situation Better For the first time since Marshal Klementi Voroshilov proclaimed a death-stand defense for Leningrad 44 days sgo. a Red Army bulletin declared the situation around the siege-grit city was definitely stronger. The Russians said 1500 Germans were killed and at least 1500 wounded on the northern (Leningrad) front', 3000 killed and wounded on the central (Moscow) front, and 2700 annihilated on the southwest (Ukraine) front. In a violent two-day battle In the Ukraine, Soviet dispatches said the Germans left the Held "strewn with corpses, smashed tanks and guns." ana that the Dnieper River was carrying away thousands of the invaders' dead. While the Nazi High Command reported tersely that operations were proceeding "successfully, military advices reaching London indicated that Germany revised war plans might start a new drive toward Moscow from the Ukraine, veering north from the bitterly-contested Kharkov sector in the Donetz River basin. Says Navy Bottled Up Berlin newspaper dispatches declared that more than a third of Russia's Navy more than 100 ships of all types had been bottled up by German batteries and mine fields in Kronstsdt Bsy off Leningrad. The news agency DNB said also that 15.000 Russian motor vehicles and 8000 horses had been taken 1st battle east of Kiev. Russian advices on the Leningrad counteroffenslve were not detailed, but the British radio said Soviet forces recaptured Strelna, 20 miles west of Leningrad. raid on the docks at Brest, the merely that an answer to that i 1 Rfl I fl TTlArpIV that an hB cere friendship" for Premier Beni FrencMlantic naval base, where musi aait layiors rets (trmn hnttloshins Scharn- tu- to Mussolmi and with improved relations with Japan. Hungary and other European countries were horst and and the heavy sympathetic he said although n. ie(juuer suKgesiea inai ine instructions to Harriman might represent the beginning of an identified by name, but DNB said some werfe Jews. An unstated number whose "some men with their hates and megalomania" hampered the Axis efforts. He said it had been impossible would pjay a part inv the exchange until th two hospital ships docked at mid-tnorning. "There will be a lot of rejoicing Britain this week end," one blond Innkeeper said when he heard wfhat was in prospect: "Many mothers hearts will burst with joy. Its going to be some sight to see our boys coming home." Treasury Asks names have not been announced. "to win England" to friendship and it said, included members of a Czech trade organization "which, on a wholesale basis, collected arms" to aid in an uprising. it was better to have them as en Brandeis at their home in Chatham, Mass. They returned to their apart active campaign to effectuate one of Mr. Roosevelt's "four freedoms" freedom of religion. Roosevelt answered sharply that one who had read his record through the past years should know better than to ask such a question. His implication was that throughout his public life, and especially throughout his presi dencies, achievement of that ob cruiser Prjnz Eugen, already damaged by bombs, still are berthed. Coastal command bombers attacked docks and shipyards at St. Nkealre, on the French coast, and fighter and bomber planes bombed and machine-gunned airdromes in France and Holland from which the Germans took off to bomb England and Scotland. It was admitted that casualties were severe In the towns which took the worst of the German bombing. emies and there was no other way left but to fight." ment here about two weeks ago. The announcement of Brandeis' illness was not made until late last night. Loan of One Latest Mews jective has been one of his majo "I took it up and I lead the fight," he said. "Churchill said want to have Now he has it. But they (the English) will now think in other terms of war than on Sept. 1 (when the war began). "You do not hear that England promises its help but that it asks for help everywhere. The, war had Former Commissioner of concerns. BilU on Dollars Education Takes Lenox Post Hitler Continued on Second WASjHtNGTON (UP) The Treasury today announced plans tb borijow between $1,000,000,000 and $1,250,000,000 next week. The loan will be the largest the government has sought since a borrowing operation of Junje 15; 1936. Night Store Opening Left To Individual Merchants Chamber (jmmitu Decides To Let Stores Decide Issue Themselves- Thursday Night Favored Becomes Superintendent of Schools Succeeding Henry L. Smith Received $9000 as State Head, Job Pays $2940 Use of Onota Lake Water Missing Albany Organist Found ALBANY, N. Y. (Stanley Murdock, $1, Albany church organist and choirmaster, for whom an eight-state search wa launched when he disappeared from home 11 days ago, was found today in Sprinirheld. Mass. Detective K. P. Gadlajrher of Springfield quoted Murdock as saying ho had been attacked and beaten In an Albany park. To Be Discussed Tomorrow LENOX James G. Although the Treasury cash balance stood at $2,214,540,953 Oct. Superintendent former state commissioner of edu cation at a salary of $9000 per year, has been sppolnted super 1 the Jatest day for which figures were available the borrowine of makes clear that stores deciding to remain open to meet requirements of customers will not violate any mor lan $1,000,000,000 was neces Authority of Qty Council To Be Sought at Special Meeting Rain Fails To Help Reservoir- Materially sitated by the steadily increasing existing agreement with the cam aLaW mittee. rate or aeiense expenditures. fhe merchants' nominating committee of the Chamber of Commerce in a letter today to retail members of the organization recommended the question of night opening of stores be left with the individual merchant for decision and that those planning to remain open do so on.tThursday nights. The merchants' committee With costs of the defense pro Committee's Letter The committee's letter follows gram ahd aid to the Allies totaling intendent of schools in Lenox. He will assume his duties Monday. Although his salary has not bean announced, his predecessor, Henry Smith, who resigned in August to take a government position in Boston, received $2940 a year. Mr. Reardon was deposed by Gov. Sal ton st all from his post as state commissioner of education in Connecticut Guard i General Relieved To Retail Members of the neany tor the first three rftonths of the current fii Pittafield Chamber of Commerc year, the government deficit has Dear str: been rising since June 30 at a rate WASHINGTON (D The War Department said today that MaJ. On. Morris P. Bayne, 5, had been relieved of command of the 43d Division of the National Guard of Connecticut. of more than $1,000,000,000 The merchants' i a ting committee has given the subject of night opening of stores fur month. January, 1939, after serving four years. The act was Gov. Salton- stalls third move in his reorgani zation of state departments and commissions. Mr. Reardon had 'k Vichy, Rumania Sign Oil Pact Bssssuf liaBBSassssSSSSSamassasssssss A special meeting of the City Council tomorrow morning to authorise Public Works Commissioner Leon H. Reed to use the waters of Onota Lake as an auxiliary city water supply, was called today by Mayor James Fallon after a conference with Com. Reed. While the commissioner may not be forced to use his power immediately if it Is voted, the situation has been steadily growing worse and, as he expresses it, he has been "playing checkers" with the supply and using every source available while at the same time trying to reduce the city's consumption. The Council has had the Onota Lake proposal under "unfinished business" for some months, resdy to pass it when so requested. Also introduced for tomorrow's meeting, which is scheduled for 11.15. is an order to transfer $5000 from the WPA account of the Public Works Department to the waterworks cover any extra expenses of pumping water from the lake. Apparatus Connected The city's pumping apparatus is connected and the poles to carry the electric power to the pumping station are in place, but the Pittsfield Electric Company would have to string Its wires in order to operate the system. Onota Lake water has not been used in the city supply since 1931. Today's drizzle of rsin, amounting to only thirteen one hundredths it-m mch up to 9 o'clock this morning and not a great deal since, may have given the reservoirs and woods of the state some moisture, but only minor amount which will do no good If weather forecasts of fair weather for tomorrow are correct. An order authorizing the Park Commission to spend $300 labor and $200 for repairs to bleachers, from the Dorothy Demlng Park fund, will be considered along with the recommendation of the Finance Committee In favor of doing this. The Weather Maaaactmaetta Cloudy occasional light rain and warmer tonight. Saturday mostly cloudy and warmer; aunshine in the afternoon. Eastport to Block Island Moderate southerly wind shifting to fresh southwest south of Portsmouth tonight and north of Portsmouth on Saturday. Weather overcast with light rain tonight and north of Boston on Saturday. Fay ea the Name coast tonight, Eastern New York Moatly cloudy and somewhat warmer tonight and with occasional brief shower. The full weather report will he found on Page 1, Second Section. VICHY, France (r-Tne icny government announced today the signing ot a treaty with Rumania by which France will get Rumanian oil in payment for war materials. Russia Reports Attack Repulsed ther consideration, as It develops' that there is a desire on the part of some of the public to be able to make purchases in evening hours. The claim has been made that they are unable to do so present on account of worm schedules. The merchants whj handle the merchandise in these customers are Interested desire to meet this customer demand. It is, therefore, the recommendation of this committee that the question be left with the individual store for decision, with the understanding that if a store or stores decide to remain open one evening each week In order to Night Store Continued on Second Page Deer Watches While Boys Take Fawn From WeUv WOODLAND, Me. -A deer, whose: fawn had fallen into an old wrll. kept vigil at the scene detpitr the appearanre of human, umil five boys retcned her offspring. The youths rime upon the large doe while -Peking nuts on the Canadian side of the border. Two boys climbed into the well but Were unable to lift eat the fawn until their companions borrowed! a clothesline. The two animals then ambled away. been appointed by former Gov. James ML. Cur ley. His successor was Walter F. Dtewney of Boston. Has Been With Government Previous to accepting his local appointment, the new superintendent was a federal consultant on education and a vice-preaident ot the North American Physical Institute. Boston. Following his graduation fnm Boston College, Mr. Reardon was teacher and coach at East Bridge-water School from 1923 to 1925 and principal there two years. Reardon Continued on Second Page LONDON (UP) Radio Moscow, heard by The United Press listening post, reported today that Red Army forces have beaten off a direct German attack upon Murmansk. JAMES G. REARDON Returns to Berkshire maintenance account, In order to 9 4

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