The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 14, 1967 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, March 14, 1967
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Page 7
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hlyfhevlllo (Ark.) Courier News - Tuesday, March 14, 19S7 - Page Sevrt Experts Export" On What Might Happen | a result of a nuclear war. Just las important, they were intended to show where further research was needed before conclusions about how we would {are in such a war could be reached. It would appear we still have a lot to learn. The over-all work is not conclusive. Most of the reports in- i n d environmental conse-'dicate that more work is needed juenees o£ nuclear war. Since''before absolute conclusions can By DICK KLEINER West Coast Correspondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn, SANTA MONICA, Calif. |NEA) — The Atomic Energy Commission, which should have lie last word on such things, ias just received the last of 22 itudies made for it by the Rand Corporation on the biological The Rand Corporation Is nonprofit research organization supported primarily by the Air Force. • Its staff of s cientists does research for the Air Force and other governmental organizations, such as the AEC, NASA and the Advanced Research Projects Agency, an impressive group. Several years ago, the AEC asked Rand to find out what and of the management of the biosphere after a nuclear attack." Rand is divided into many different departments — everything from aero - astronautics to system operations. Once the AEC contract was announced, the departments set to work. Over the ensuing two years, the individual studies began trickling in. The last of the 22 is now in the AEC's hands and some conclusions can be reached. What resulted was everything from a 20-page study on "Estimation of Fire Damage to Non- Urban Areas from Nuclear Attack" to Norman Hanunian's monumental 228 - page work, "Dimensions of Survival: Post- attack Survival Disparities and National Viability." The scientists studied everything from the ability of pine trees to withstand nuclear attack to the possibilities that there might be an epidemic of the black plague as a result of nuclear war. No over - all summation was made. Each of the 22 studies ias to be considered by iself and any general conclusions reached are those of the reader, not Rand, or so advises Rand. Some conclusions are inescapable. Taking the optimistic ones first: !his work has not been classified, the results can now be di- eulged publicly for the first lime. They don't make light bedtime reading. The studies were designed to give the AEC.— and other interested governmental agencies, such as the Office of Civil De- be reached. It is no surprise, or relief, to learn that a nuclear war would be a tremendous catastrophe. But, as project leader Robert D Specht says, "Previous studies have been very excitable literature. Our work is, in some areas, more optimistic. In oth- [ense — some -idea of whatiers, however, it is more pessi- might happen to our nation as|mistic." the United States, or what was left of it, would be like after a nuclear war. "The objective of the program," Specht wrote in one of the preliminary reports, "is to contribute to national security policy by . developing a better understanding of what nuclear war might do to mankind's health and living environment i There seems to be no great danger of a vast fire sweeping over the nation, consuming all Before it. Nor does there appear to be the possibility of devastating floods. There is some indication that the fittest have the best chance of survival thus hastening the rebuilding process. But, balancing those theories, are these: A nuclear war will kill millions outright and more millions win have ttieir lives appreciably shortened because of it. Even those who escape immediate injury or death will be in danger, because of one chilling fact — of all living things on this planet, the ones most resistant to nuclear war are disease germs. NEWS BRIEFS LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) - A baby sitter who swats an unruly child or sneaks a cigarette without the parents' permission can wind up in Las Vegas City Jail for eight months and pay a $500 fine under a new ordinance passed by the City Council. Question: What Is A Fair Method of Drafting? Baby sitters employed by agencies must also be 21 years or older, in general good health and may not smoke on the premises of the home unless parents give permission. SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — A bill to permit California schools to teach Mexican-American or other minority group children in their native languages has been approved unanimously by the State Senate. Pupils would be taught in Spanish, for example, so they could master oilier subjects while they were learning English, State Sen. Alan Short, sponsor of the bill, explained. The bill now goes to the Assembly. GREENWICH, Conn. (AP) Paul Arnold, a baker, is so allergic to bread flour he's had to have special medical treatment just to be able to go to work. He is still allergic to dust so if he goes into an unswept house he starts to wheeze. "If the hostess knows about his allegery," says Mrs. Arnold, "if embarrassing." BOSTON (AP) - Director of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority have cleared the way to sell Author-;., ity land in Cambridge as tha site for the John F. Kennedy Library. They authorized release of a" 10-acre tract as soon as tha;" state appropriates $6 million to pay the Authority for it. Th* land will then be turned over to" the federal governmnt as a gift from the people of Massachu-' stts in memory of the lats president. By JACK MILER WASHINGTON (AP) - A national debate on the military draft, intensified by the steadily growing casualty rate in Vietnam, is certain to produce major changes in the Selective Service System. The question is: "What is the fairest method of choosing young men for duty that could involve them in a jungle war that already has killed more than 7,900 Americans?" The catalyst for converting argument into action is the June 30 expiration date for basic sections of the Selective Service Act, enacted 19 years ago when the United States was involved in only a cold war. In the past week, two study •commissions have suggested alterations of the draft; President Johnson has announced that he'll make some changes of his own, and members of Congress have issued a stream of statements on the issue. What would the changes mean draft-age men? When would they take effect? Interviews with officials, and a comparison of the various recommendations, produced these concensus answers: Question: Why do many Americans, including President Johnson, argue that the draft law should be changed? Answer: They believe that aspects of the present law are unfair. A basic complaint is that there is no uniform national standard to determine who will be drafted. Another is that the present system creates too much uncertainty in the lives of young men; they can be called up to age 26, when they might be well into a career. But most of the criticism has been aimed at the means by which some men avoid military duty. Students have been deferred first for college, and then for graduate school, until they reach 26, and are no longer sub ject to the draft. Members of National Guard and Reserve units have escaped active duty because no such units have been called for the Vietnam war. Changes in the draft system would be designed to assure that as President Johnson pu It, "In this land of equals, men ir« Kltcted M «quali to aer- Q. What has Johnson recommended? A. His main recommendations are these: 1. The order of call, under ivhich the oldest men are taken first, should be reversed, and 19-year-olds called first. 2. Selections should be made by a limited lottery -"a fair and impartial random system." 3. Temporary deferments for college students should not become permanent, and no deferments should be given for graduate study, except in medicine and dentistry. Automatic deferments no longer should be given to fathers or to men with so-called critical occupations. 4. Draft-age men should not be deferred by enlistment in the National Guard or Reserve system, except those authorized to fill specific vacancies. 5. The 4,100 local draft boards would be cut to between 300 and 500 that would become in effect, first-level appeal boards. Area boards staffed by civil servants would replace the citizen raft boards to register and lassify men. When would the Presi- lent's recommendations go into ffect. A. Johnson said he would is- ue executive orders for calling 9-year-olds first, and ending leferments for graduate stu- ludents and Reservists. The irders have not been issued. Another of the President's major recommendations, the ottery, is to be ready for operation before Jan. 1, 1969. The President ordered establishment of a task force to study iroposals for reorganization of he Selective Service System. In addition, the Selective Service director has directed ocal boards to provide informa- ;ion on a youth's legal rights, inluding his right to appeal, immediately after he is classified for induction. Q. Which changes can be made by the President and which must — or can — be made by Congress? A. The President can put into effect nearly all his recommendations, except the one thai would abolish most local draft boards. Congress, when it writes the :icw law, can put whatever i wants into the law. It could, for exempli, overrule any changw the President makes under the present law and set up specific jrocedures that would preclude any further action by him. But as a practical matter Congress is not expected to do this. Changes written into the law by Congress could be made effe- tive anytime on or after July 1. Q. What groups issued reports and when? A. A civilian panel headed by retired Gen. Mark W. Clark reported last month to the House Armed Services Committee. A National Commission on Selective Service, headed by former U.S. Asst. Atty. Gen. Burke Marshall, reported to President Johnson last week. The President sent his message to Congress Monday. Q. How do the various recommendations compare? A. All agreed 19-year-olds should be called first. The President and his commission called for a limited lottery; the congressional panel urged that the present system be retained with certain modifications. The President's commission recommended all student deferments be ended;the congressional panel said students finish undergraduate work or reach age 24; President John son took no position. All agreec postgraduate deferments shouk ie ended. Q. Why do all agree that 19- r ear-olds be drafted first? A. One reason would be to eliminate uncertainty amoni draft-age men about whether — and when — they would have tc serve. Also, many military offi cers prefer younger men, botl ior training and for combat. Q — How would mei be in ducted under the lottery system A. All men would register by age 18. Those eligible for th draft would be placed in a selec tion pool, and the lottery woul determine who would be calle and in what order. Those selec ed would be inducted at age 19 those not selected in the firs year would be placed in anothe group, much less likely to b called. Their chances of bein called then would continue I diminish until they reached 21 and no longer were liable. Thos deferred for any reason wou be liable to age 35. Q. What would be an 18-yea old's chances of induction unde the proposed system — assum ing present war «*nditi*ns oo nued? A. About 1.9 million youths ach age 18 each year. Of ose, about 60 per cent, or 1.14 illion are found to be qualified r duty. Of the 1.14 million, jout 840,000, or 44 per cent, oul serve. Q. What is considered to be nfair about the Reserve 'stem? A. Many claim it has become haven for those wanting to void active duty. Men enlist- ig in the Reserve program ave been permitted to serve x months of active duty and '& years of Reserve duty, which nvolves attendance at weekly or monthly drills and two weeks of ctive training each year. Such Reservists are called to ctive duty only with their units. nd no units have been activ- ted during the Vietnam build- P- Q. How about deferments for athers and for married men ,-ho are childless? A. Deferments are not granted IDW for married men. Under the 'resident's recommendations, athers would not be deferred unless hardship was involved, lowever, calling 19-year-olds irst would leave few fathers subject to call. Only five per cent are fathers at that age. Q. What about suggestions for ervice in such organizations as he Peace Corps and VISTA, he domestic Peace Corps, as alternates to military duty? A. The President praised the dea but noted that both commissions rejected it. (Congratulations! Mow you can almost get ^^ _ « M • V NOTICE We have For Sale or Rent RAM SET AND STAR POWER TOOLS And a Complete Line of Fasteners and Power Loads Huffman Bros. LUMBER CO. No. Hiway 61 PO 3-8123 The world is full of people who tlmost made it. You could be one of them if you start work with a too-small education. In today's job market, if you haven t got a good education... you haven't got what it takes to compete for the good-paying jobs. Today, to get a good job, you need a good education. No two ways about it. A good education qualifies you for a better job to start with. A bet- To get a good job, get a good education Tubliihed «i a public service in cooperation with We Advertising CmrndL ter salary, too. And a future that keeps on paying off year after year. So if you're in school now... stay there! Learn all you can for as long as you can. If you're out of school, there are plenty of ways to get valuable training outside the classroom. For details, get in touch with the Youth Counselor at your State Employment Service. Or visit a Youth Opportunity Center. Blytheville Courier News

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