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Showdown Looms In Garrison Probe Blytheville (Ark.) Courier News - Tuesday, March 14, 1967 - Page Tlvf By BILL CRIDER NEW ORLEANS, La. (AP) A heavy guard was ordered today for the legal showdown in Dist. Atty. Jim Garrison's controversial Kennedy 'assassination probe. ' Twenty sheriff's deputies were assigned to watch over the small Criminal District courtroom while state and defense lawyers argue whether retired executive Clay L. Shaw should go to trial. Garrison accused Shaw, 54, former managing director of ttia International Trade Mart here, of conspiring With Lee Harvey Oswald and others to kill President John F. Kennedy. The Warren Commission report named Oswald, a former New Orleans resident, as the killer — and said there was no credible evidence that a conspiracy was involved. The president was killed in Dallas Nov. 22, 1963. Whether there is enough evidence to warrant formal charge and trial for Shaw was the only matter before the preliminary hearing. Show called Garrison's accusations "fantastic." Under Louisiana law, Shaw was booked — but not formally charged — with conspiracy to murder the president. He was freed on $10,000 bond. The preliminary hearing was then called by Garrison, a rare move in Louisiana legal procedure. An equally rare three- judge panel was set up to preside. The district attorney has kept his case secret- But U.S. Atty. Gen. Ramsey Clark, in Washington, said he knows what it involves and does not consider the case valid. Clark said Shaw, during the exhaustive investigation which followed the assassination, was checked out by the FBI and cleared. He declined to say why Shaw was investigated. Shaw's three defense lawyers first accepted the preliminary hearing. Then they switched tactics and fought it vigorously, losing at every step. The three-judge panel overruled a defense motion Monday to have a single judge preside over the hearing — rejecting the argument that the panel was tantamount to being tried by a jury, and that it was unprecedented in law and unauthorized. After disposing of defense motions, . the panel rescinded a widely ignored rule which it had imposed.on press coverage last Week forbidding the reporting of anything except what occurred in open court. •Garrison contends that Shaw, Oswald, David W. Ferrie and others met in Feme's apartment here in September 1963, and plotted "how they would kill John F. Kennedy." Garrison said a confidential informant was present at the meeting. The informant's story, he added, stood up under questioning while the subject was under the influence of sodium pentothal or "truth serum." When Shaw's lawyers, at a hearing last week, demanded that the unnamed informant be produced, Judge Bernard Bagert said he would have to rule on that at the preliminary hearing. He directed that the district attorney have the informant ready to face the accused. Shaw is the only man named by Garrison as attending the meeting who still lives. Ferris, 49, an airline pilot fired in 1961 due to arrests on morals charges, died in his apartment Feb. 22 while under investigation. He had called the investigation a "big joke," scoffing: "They got me pegged as the getaway pilot." His death was listed as due to natural causes — a massive cerebral hemorrhage caused when high blood pressure broke a weak brain artery. The district attorney's staff Monday questioned Raymon Cummings, a former Dallas taxi driver who claims he once drove Oswald and Ferrie to Jack Ruby's night club in 1963. To the day of of his death, Jan. 3, Ruby, contended he never knew Oswald. Cummings, accompanied by his lawyer, flew here from Dallas. Criminal Charges Laid Against Drug Makers AACHEN, Germany (AP) — Criminal charges were announced today against the makers of thalidomide, the tranquil- Izing drug blamed for the birth cf thousands of deformed chil- <lren in many countries. More than five years after the worldwide scandal over the effect of the drug on pregnant women, nine officers and scientists of the Chemie Gruenenthal pharmaceutical firm were accused formally of inflicting bodily injury and negligent manslaughter. Local prosecutors said evidence, collected since 1961 proved a definite link between the once popular drug and the pave of deformed babies. In about 20 countries, from Austria to the Philippines, an estimated 6,500 children were born with missing or maimed limbs or with other serious defects to women who reportedly took thalidomide during pregnancy. Several thousand more were believed to have been stillborn. * * * The charges against the manufacturers were announced at a news conference by chief prosecutor Heinrich Gierlich, 56, in a courthouse office crammed with thousands of files on the case. The prosecutors who conducted the long investigation, Josef Havertz, 34, and Eberhard Knipfer, 35, sat by his side . Up to a million thalidomide pills were produced daily by the Gruenenthal firm at Stolberg, near Aachen, before a West German pediatrician, Prof. Wi- duking Lenz, pushed the alarm button at a medical congress in November 1961. . Lenz, startled by the mysteri- • ous increase of congenital malformations, found that 14 mothers of deformed babies had taken thalidomide during their early pregnancy. His disclosure spread a wava of panic among pregnant women. Some sought abortions, among them Mrs. Sherry Finkbine, an American housewife who traveled to Sweden for a much publicized operation. A Belgian woman lulled her crip- pied child but was acquitted in a manslaughter trial. A similar case in Germany is still before a court. Gruenenthal stopped the sale of thalidomide in West Germany five days after Lenz sounded his warning. A criminal complaint filed by a West German coupls started the prosecution investigation. Hundreds of other complaints followed. Death Mix-up Turns Out OK By ROBERT TUCKMAN SAIGON (AP) - A military chaplain told his parents he was dead. Then his wife talked to him on the telephone. But a telegram came from the Pentagon confirming his death. Today a U.S. Navy spokesman in Saigon said the wife was right and the Pentagon was wrong - Radioman 3.C. Charles S Wall, 27, of West Monroe, La., was not killed in the crash si a Navy transport plane north of Saigon Friday. The spokesman said the sailor had been scheduled to fly on the plane and his name was carried on the manifest. But he did not make the flight. The spokesman said he had no more details but thought was was now with a Navy unit t Cam Ranh Bay, a U.S. air and sea base about 180 miles northeast of Saigon. Officials in Saigon said they understood the Pentagon had sent another telegram to Wall's family expressing their regrets forthemixup. The young man's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley A. Wall of West Monroe, began a sad vigil Sunday when, returning home from church, they were met by a military chaplain who told them Charles had died in the plane crash. They wept. Their telephone rang Monday. It was their daughter-in-law, oiling from Chelsea, Mass. "I just talked to Chariest" she shouted into the phone. "Charles missed the plane! He's still alive. They put him back on § dMtroytr." The parents were overjoyed. Then came the telegram — the Defense Department making official the report that their son had died in the crash. But who made the phone call to Charles' wife? "It must have been a prankster," said Mrs. Wall. "We were looking so hard for something to hold. She might have been fooled over the phone. I hope Labor Clobbers LBJ's Merger WASHINGTON (AP) - Labor leaders have dealt what could be a death blow to President Johnson's proposal to merge the Labor and Commerce departments, it was reported today., At a briefing last week arranged by Johnson, AFL-CIO President George Meany and other federation leaders told two high administration officials they unanimously oppose the merger, it was learned. Meany and other- members of the AFL-CIO Executive Council said the nation's workers would never be able to understand .why they shouldn't have a separate federal department representing their interests as long as other segments of the economy — such as agriculture — had special interest agencies. * * * While the AFL-CIO leaders took no formal vote on the merger proposal during the briefing by Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz and Budget Director Charles Schultze, they left the impression "they would not support it" if Johnson sends the proposal to Congress, informants Hid. "The key to this whole thing is the lack of labor support which could be decisive," said a well-placed government source. not, though, I hope not. How could anyone do something like that: "How could they notify us he was dead if he wasn't?" Today the Navy spokesman in Saigon confirmed that it had been no prankster and the Defense Department had been mistaken. The plane that Charles missed, a two-engine C47 Navy transport, crashed near Phan Rang Friday afternoon and all aboard were killed. At least 25 persons and possibly 30 were reported to have died in the crash. OIL INDUSTRY LEADS IN FREE DISTRIBUTION OF LITTERBAGS NEW YORK (AP) - The oil industry is leading the way in the distribution of auto and boat litterbags, reports Keep Amer* ica Beautiful. Makers of litterbags surveyed by KAB indicated that one out of four buyers of litterbags for free distribution to motorists and boaters were oil companies and service stations. The next highest group, about 14 per cent included church, civic, public service and women's groups. Others listed included local and state governmental agencies, motels and hotels, auto associations, drive-in restaurants and trade associations. Allen H. Seed Jr., executive vice president of KAB, estimated that nearly M million litter- bags will be sold this year. He added that more than 50 companies are currently making iitterbagi. KNAPP SHOES ... FOR CUSHIONED COMFORT Phone EDison 34876 Malcolm R. Johnston ilM lAurant Ave. CaruthertvUle, Mo. y sa^ THE FOSE and the men are early American, but the hemlines and hairdos are 1967. It's explainable in that members of the cast of F Troop, television comedy about a frontier cavalry post, gathered thsir families for an old-style family portrait. Cast members, from left, include James Hampton, Ken Berry, Forrest Tucker, Larry Storch and Joe Brooks. QUICK QUIZ Q — What causes tides? A — The gravitational attraction of the sun and the. moon upon the earth. Venezuela, which is Spanish for "Little Venice," acquired its name from the native vil- lagts perching on stilts over the waters of Lake Maracaiba. UNIFORMS Nurses - Receptionist Waitresses Beauticians Westbrook's Fashions Main at Broadway Blytheville, Ark. -A, FREE! 3 MONTHS SUBSCRIPTION TO THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS The Pepsi Cola Bottling Company and the Courier News will send a free complimentary subscription to the Courier News to your loved one in the Armed Forces Free. . , No obligation. Did You Pray For Peace Last Night? Pray Tonight! 1 £> JUST FILL IN COUPON BELOW AND MAIL TO: THE PEPSI COLA BOTTLING CO. ELM & MATHIS STS. BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS — 7231S NO Subscriptions Mailed WITHOUT APO NUMBER! Papers Will NOT BE MAILED TO LOCAL AREAS! 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