Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa on January 25, 1963 · 1
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Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa · 1

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Friday, January 25, 1963
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wwc (ffitg THE FORECAST! ' . Continued cold. Weather details oa P. 18. NINETY-NINTH YEAR-VOL. I J, NO. 282 nmd cUw Htii fii tt Staaa City, la. SIOUX CITY. IOWA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 23, 1963-11 PAGES 41MJ DwlM CKj. U. PRICE TEN CENTS B ill PRAYER FOR TODAY At our staft and national lawmakers Ore in seulon, otk thee to quid their thoughts, deeds and efforts for the betterment of oil. Submitted by Mim Gltiy V. Pmn CartJiu. U. fir Tffi irM Ji o o o r n ESTES GETS 8 YEARS Billle Sol Estes (right) and his chief defense attorney, John Cofer, listen as district Judge Otis Dunagan sentences Estes to eight years in prison Thursday at Tyler, Tex. Estes' amended motion for a new trial was rejected by Dunagan. Estes was freed on $3,000 bond pending his appeal to the state court of criminal appeals. (A. P. Wirephoto.) 8 YEARS' SENTENCE TO ESTES TYLER, Tex. (J) Dapper Billie Sol Estes, whos financial pyramid crashed With a jolt felt, in Washing ton and Wall Street, heard a state judge sentence him to eight years in prison Thursday. Estes lawyers gave notice ef appeal and the one-time promoter walked free under $5,000 bond supplied by his father and a brother. He answered no com' ment" to reporters' ques tions. It is the only time Estes, 38, has been sentenced since federal authorities jailed him on fraud charges March 30 last year. He has been indict ed numerous times. He specifically drew the sentence, imposed by a jury two months ago, for swindling T. J. Wilson, a Pecos, Tex., farm tr, of $94,500. Judge Otis Dunagan for mally pronounced sentence Thursday after denying a motion for a new trial. The state claimed Estes Induced Wilson to sign mortgage for fertilizer tanks which never existed, and that Estes sold the mortgage to a lending company and pocketed the money. A similar charge brought by the U. S. government caused Estes' collapse March. Estes, a short, sturdy man who dresses Impeccably, is scheduled to be tried on that federal case March 11 in El Paso. J. F. K. Called Of f Cuba Air Aid, Publisher Say's FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. W Newspaper publish er Jack W. Gore said Thurs day President Kennedy told a group of Florida editors in 1961 that air cover for Cu ban invaders was called off on presidential order. Gore's signed story, pub lished in his Fort Lauderdale News, was supported by one of the seven other, editors who talked with the president at the White House on May 10, 1961. Martin Anderson, publisher of the Orlando Sentinel-Star,, said he recalled the conversation, and that the president said "The air cover was canceled about 3 a. m. the day of the invasion," April 17, 1961., Attorney General Robert Kennedy, brother of the president, said Monday there had been no plans for air protection in the unsuccessful invasion at the Bay of Pigs. Highlights of Kennedy Conference WASHINGTON J Fol lowing are highlights of Pres ident Kennedy's news con ference Thursday: Cuba Buildup There has been no new military build up. . .; Bay of Pigs No United States air cover was planned for the invasion that failed N. A. T. O-U. S. "Act ing alone neither the United States nor Europe could be certain of success and sur vival ... If we are to be worthy of our historic trust, we must continue on both sides of the Atlantic to work together in trust." French-Nuclear "I think if France wishes to develop its own deterrent that is its judgment ... I have never had the slightest doubt that Gen De Gaulle would re spond to the needs of the al liance . . . I would hope that our confidence in him would be matched by his confl dence in us." De Gaulle-Common Mar ket "Our invitation to Europe is to' unite, to be strong, and to join with us as an equal partner in meet ing the problems, of other parts or the world . . . The United States does not have the resources to meet them alone, and we hope Europe and the United States together can do it on the basis of equality.". Missiles Missile bases being withdrawn from Tur key and Italy will be. re placed . by Polaris subma rines in the Mediterranean. Nuclear Ban Treaty "The first step is to see whether the British and Americans can work out an effective test ban treaty with the So viet union. Once that is done, then I think we can move on" to the question of wheth er France ana communist China also should sign. On-Slte Inspection "The fact that the principle of on-site inspection was accepted (by Russia) was very im portant, and that is the reason we are participating in these negotiations at the top evel to see if we can make breakthrough here." Taxes "It is essential we get a bill by this year, that we begin this tax reduction this year." Vows CJemson Peace COLUMBIA, S. C. fl Gov. Donald Russell said Thursday South Carolina will meet the issue of Negro Harvey Gantt's admittance to all-white Clem son' college 'peaceably, without vio- ence, without disorder and with proper regard for the good name of our state and her people." i Transit Pact Likely Today Workers Ballot in Philadelphia 10-Day Tieup PHILADELPHIA (JI - La bor and management negoti ators agreed Thursday to a new contract for settlement of the 10-day strike that has halted buses, trolleys and subway-elevated : trains In America's fourth largest cltyl Officials of the Transport Workers union said they would urge their 5,600 mem bers to approve the proposed two-year contract at secret balloting Friday. The agreement retains the controversial no-layoff clause which the Philadelphia Transportation Co. sought to drop. It was considered the key issue in the strike, al though wages and other ben efits also were in dispute. Michael J. Quill, fiery T. W. U. president, said P. T. C. vehicles should be carrvine the city's half milfton daily riders again by the homeward rush hour Friday. Quill told newsmen the agreement provides for a 33- cents-an-hour package in crease. Broken down, it adds 20 cents an hour to present wage scales and 10 cents in fringes such as pensions and hospitalization. J,K. Names Europe Nuclear Negotiator WASHINGTON B Pres ident Kennedy called veteran diplomat Livingstone Merchant out of retirement Thursday to lead a govern ment team that will prepare United States proposals for multmation nuclear force in Europe. Revisions in Present Laws by JFK Tax-Cut Program Bring on Groans, Cheers WASHINGTON. H President Kennedy unwrapped Thursday a tax program aimed at cutting everyone's bill f-an average "of IS per cent by 1965 but hedged with revi sions certain to mingle groans with the cheers. The big package Kennedy sent to a lukewarm congress would reduce taxes a net of 39 per cent at the bot tom of the income scale and f 9 per cent at the top over a three-year span, But what he termed the most thorough overhaul of tax rates in more than 20 years was geared to such revolutionary changes in the system as a 5 per cent income floor on itemized de ductions. Some 25 million taxpayers now ignore the standard de ductions written into tax ta bles and detail expenses such as interest and state levies which may be taken off their taxable income. Kennedy recommended lim iting deductions to the amount they exceed 5 per cent of income subject to tax. V If congress installs the 5 per cent floor, he estimated, the government would gain an additional $2.3 billion of revenue or the major chunk of $3.4 billion anticipated from his entire series of proposed revisions. On the plus side for low income taxpayers, Kennedy recommended a maximum standard deduction of $300, He preferred this to an in See TAX PROGRAM on P. 2 COLDER THAN ALASKA Sralbzzeir CM Munmmlbs Soiuntlhi By Associated Press Winter blasted parts of the midwest and south with jolt of history making cold Thursday that closed thou sands of schools, slowed the economic wheels in many cities and took a sharp toll in lives. Bitter, arctic cold that has been firmly entrenched over the midcontinent for more than two weeks surged into Dixie and the Atlantic seaboard, bringing subzero readings deep in the south. The latest surge of polar air that fanned into the mid west Tuesday was blamed for at least 110 deaths from ex posure, asphyxiation, nres. overexertion in snow, and accidents on ice-sheathed highways. It was colder In some southern cities than in Alaska or Canada. Residents in several cities m the midwest and south were numbed by the most frigid weather ever recorded 'there. Others had the lowest readings of this century. Heavy snow accompanied the new push of cold in up per New York state and along the eastern shores of h e great lakes, but else where the major weather feature was extreme cold. Thousands of schools were closed in the midwest, east and south. The shutdowns were 100 per cent for public schools, in Memphis, Tenn.: Alle Buffalo, N. Y., and ghany county, Md. The weather made thou sands of auto workers idle across the country. Chrysler shut down a De troit plant that makes Chrys ler. Imperial and Dodge 880 series cars. Ford assembly plants closed at Mahwah, N. J., and Louisville; idling some 10,000 workers. A man and wife frozen to See U. S. WEATHER on P. 2 9' ML WINS SEAT Donald H. Clausen, who easily defeated democrat Wll-lion F. Grader In a special election for the First California congressional district, gave republicans another seat in congress. (A. P. Wirephoto) 'Cautious' About JFK Proposals Special Benefit Items Arousing Most Hostility WASHINGTON J - Con gressional leaders said Thursday. they see a rough fight ahead for President Kennedy's tax revision program. The part about reducing taxes by $13.1 billion would be easy, they said. The hard partcomes in the president's proposals for knocking out some special benefits and v deductions to raise an ' off-setting $3.4 billion. . "The president should not feel confident he is going to get that without a , hard fight," said Sen. Frank Carlson of Kansas, second rank ing republican on the senate finance committee. A democrat. Sen. A. Willis Robertson of Virginia, predicted that "what we will get out of all this is a deficit at least as big as the president predicted, and probably bigger tax relief for those in the low income brackets, and no tax reforms whatsoever." Leaders Show Caution, Kennedy's own party leaders in the house and senate took a cautious stance as the president's 12,509-word special message, outlining his proposals in detail, was de livered on, tapitol hill. Housespeaker John W, McCormack, (D-Mass.), told newsmen "I am confident il . . fit . fll it.!. ui a mu win pass mis year," but he did not com ment directly on Kennedy's proposals. McCormack said a tax reduction is needed to stimulate the economy and help provide jobs for two million young people enter ing the labor market this year. In the -senate, democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana- urged his colleagues to refrain from "shooting from the hip." Mansfield said the president's prop o sals "contain the key to stimulating a sluggish economy to a new dynamism" which he said will help solve the problems of persistent unemployment and chronic budget deficits. An opposing view came from the house republican whip. Rep. Leslie C Arends of Illinois, who said he did not agree with "the presi dent s thesis .that pump- priming will actually stimulate our economy." Such measures did not solve the unemployment problems during the days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's new deal, Arends said. - ik l PRODUCERS BOARD Pictured here are members of the board of the Producers Commission association fol- lowing annual election attended by some 700 Thursday afternoon at the municipal rom left to right, front row, Dave Mitchell, manager; Mr. Beermann, J. S. Rihanek, Thurston, Neb., and Mr. Hall; back row, Edward Johnson, Ha- warden, la., retiring director; Harry auditorium. Re-elected president, was Kratochvll, Hawarden, la., newly- Charles Beermann of Dakota City, Neb. Cedrlc Hall, Hornlck, la., was re-elected vice-president while Frant Schneider, LeMars, la., and Fred Vanderham, Ire-ton, la., were re-elected to the board. elected; Walter Strom, Worthlngton, Minn.; W. T. Henderson, Paulllna, la.; Mr. Schneider, Mr. Vanderham and Gabriel Nelson, Wakonda, S. D. (Story on page 7.) Daily Features Abby l Markets Andy 9 Millett " Area News 12 Movies Birth Brady Bridge Comics Editorials Hospitals 8 Obits 9 Puzzle 16 Society 8 Sports 4 T. V. 5 Weather 13 16 6 8 9 5 10 10 10 1,160 Cubans Board Ship MIAMI, Fla. OB The Red Cross said that the SS Shir ley Lykes headed out of Ha vana for Florida Thursday night, packed with 1,160 ref ugees from Fidel Castro's Cuban regime. A Red Cross spokesman in Miami said weather might slow the freighter's north ward voyage but she still was expected to dock at a. m. (E. S. T.) Friday at Port Everglades, Fort Lau derdale's Atlantic ocean out let 20 miles north of Miami. Stewart Queen of the Red Cross said the Shirley Lykes left dock in Havana at 7 p. m. and was outbound through the harbor by 7;30. Refugees were housed in holds under each of t h e ship's five hatches. The number taken aboard was considerably over the 800 to 900 whom the Red Cross anticipated would make the trip to join their ..relatives, liberated prisoners of the 1961 Cuba invasion, in Florida. The 490-foot freighter docked in Havana Friday with more than 7,000 tons of food" and medicines, an installment on the $53 million ransom for 1,113 Cuban in vasion prisoners freed last month. Killer 'Prepared to Go' Wins Stay Over Protest NEW YORK tffl A con-- demned killer with a longstanding lust for death Thursday won a last-minute stay of execution, despite his bitter protests. He had denounced the zealous, self-ap pointed attorney who saved his life, saying "I am all set and prepared to go," "1 do not want any do-gooder to Interfere," complained Frederick C Wood, 51, a seedy, wise-cracking slayer of five persons, who mocked the sentencing judge two years ago when he was condemned to death, Wood was scheduled to die in Sing Sing prison's elec tric chair Thursday night for the 1960 killing of two men who had befriended him. However, federal DisL Judge Dudlev B. Bonsai Dostooned execution to February 4. Time to Appeal Norman Redlich. a lawyer who teaches at New York university, was the attorney who engineered the reprieve and the man Wood called an interloper. Redlich appealed for a federal court review of Wood's case. This was de nied but the lawyer was granted time to appeal the decision. Redlich said he was aware of Wood's objections to his intrusion but that he intended to persist. He would not detail his motives in enter ing the case unbidden, except to say: "I am raising the issue as to whether New YorK state has a constitutional duty to assign counsel to an indigant defendant after the appeal from v his sentence and before his execution." V Served 17 Years Wood served 17 years In state prisons for beating a man to death in Elmira, N. Y., in 1942. At the time, the sentencng.JudgLsaid 'This man should never be released from prison." However, Wood was pa roled in 1960 over the protests of Elmira law enforce-men officials. Less than five weeks later, he beat to death John Rescigo, 62, and Frederick Sess, 78, during a wine drinking party. Wood claimed he was the target of indecent proposals. Voluntarily, after his arrest. Wood confessed the killing of a 16-year-old girl friend in 1926, and the random killing of an Elmira woman in 1933. Along with amish Some Siouxland Parochial Teachers Lacking Certificates Brings to Light Growing Iowa Problem A number of teachers in some northwest Iowa parochial schools do not have re quired state certificates, tt was learned Thursday. The problem, which may exist throughout Iowa, evidently is coming to light as the result of action being taken at Independence, la., against the parents of Amlsh pupils who are being edu cated by legally unqualified teachers. At Sibley, Osceola county school superintendent Earl Crosswaite said seven parochial teachers in his county are teaching without state certificates of any kind. The same applies to almost a . fourth of the parochial teachers in Sioux county, ac cording to Kenneth Price, county superintendent there. There also are a few uncertified parochial teachers in O'Brien county, it twas learned. But C. G. Hadley, superintendent in Woodbury county said he didn't know of any parochial school teachers in this county without certificates. The problem, at least in Osceola and Sioux counties, is primarily with Christian denomination schools, although one Lutheran school is involved in Osceola county. Catholic schools in those counties evidently are meeting the teacher qualifications. Seek Voluntary Compliance Both Mr. Cross wsite and Mr. Price said' they ars sympathetic with the diffi culty some of the schools have . in getting qualified teachers they can afford, but point out that county superintendents are responsible for the enforcement of teacher qualification requirements in their jurisdictions. Both have been workirg with the individual schools to achieve voluntary " compliance .and Mr. Price said he is pleased that the situation in his' county has improved considerably since last year. Both expressed hope that legal action wont be ' required to achieve full compliance, but said that action will be taken in cases where present cooperative efforts fail. There Is no expectation, however, of any legal action in Osceola or Sioux counties this year. The three problem schools J In Osceola county are the Ocheyedan Christian school, where pone of the three teachers are certified; the Sibley Christian school, which has one certified and on uncertified teacher, and Zion Lutheran school in Hor ton township, where three parttime teachers are un certified. The three latter teachers split the work so that only one teacher is on auty at a time. The teaching staffs at St. Andrew's Catholic school at Sibley and St Joseph's Catholic school at Ashton are believed fully certified. The latter school is under the jurisdiction of the O'Brien county school superintendent . IS Parochial Schools There' are 13 parochial schools in Sioux county, five Catholic and the remainder Chris tian. (The Christian church calls its schools private, rather than parochl al, because they are operat ed by the parents rather than by the church, according to Mr. Price.) The Sioux coun ty superintendent didn't say which of the schools in his county have uncertified teachers, other than that the Catholic schools are believed to be fully certified. He did say that more than three- fourths of the parochial teachers In the county have certificates, an Improvement over a year ago, he added. To be permanently certi fied to teach in Iowa, a teacher must have a degree from an approved teacher-training college, it was ex plained. There also Is a tem-1 porary certificate, for teachers with at least 75 hours of college credit, renewable each year if the teacher goes to summer school: and an emergency certificate with a minimum requirement of 60 hours, issued in cases where there is a critical teacher shortage. "All of our parochial teachers have some college training," Mr. , Crosswaite said. "Some of them lack minimum credit require ments, while others went to schools not on the approved list" The 73 hours minimum re quirement for temporary certificates is the equivalent of two and a half years of college. Mr. Crosswaite said South Dakota has a two- year certificate, out mat two-year teachers from that state wouldn't qualify to teach in Iowa unless some See TEACHING oa P. 1 Sioux City; Man Held in Centavo, Quarter Switch SlOUtf FALlS (ffl A Sioux City man who Is al leged to have exchanged Mexican centavos for Amer ican coins in Sioux Falls . laundromats was charged . Thursday with burglary. Arthur William Osborn, 28, 1307 Summit street, Sioux City, was arrested at a laun dromat Wednesday night after reports to police that th Mexican coins, worth about one-fifteenth of a cent, had been used to get 25 cents in American money from coin changers. Cent avos are about the size of a quarter. His case was continued to Friday to permit him to consult an attorney.' ' ' Police said they found a coffee can half full of centavos in Osborn's car. The officers said he told them." a hitchhiker gave him the Mexican money. Gag Writing Spreads ? CHICAGO (JV-Not all tha gag writers are in Holly, wood. The United States weather bureau carried this report on its wire Thursday: "The low temperature thia ; morning at Tupelo, Mias., was about the tame as the name of the town, two below." ' , SPARKS W vm tk ate 1 v I

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