The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 27, 1967 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, February 27, 1967
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Page 5
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Blythevin* (Ark.) Courier News - Monday, February 27, mi - Page Flv» Goldwater Lashes at CIA WASHINGTON fAPJ-Former Ben. Barry Goldwater says the Central Intelligence Agency worked "to finance socialism in America." ; And Michael WooiJ, the for- tner National Student Association official who blew the whistle on NSA's ties with the CIA, says the spy agency once threatened to discredit an NSA groups." He spoke on CBS' "Face The Nation." Sen. Joseph S.Clark, D-Pa., agreed separately that most of the money went to left-of-center groups. "It is just as bad to subsidize left-of-center groups efficial by records. forging psychiatric These are ttie latest charges against the CIA growing out' of the two-week-old clamor over its financing of private organizations. Goldwater said Sunday he saw nothing wrong with the CIA operations except that, he said, all the money went to "left wing organizations." "Why didn't ttiey spread this money around," he asked. "In other words, what they have been doing with it, as far as I can see, is to finance socialism in America." He said "a little money could have gone to the Young Republicans, the Young Americans for Freedom, to some conservative CIA official and four other present or former NSA officials appeared Sunday on one or the other 'of two panels discussing the CIA's financial support of NSA, Except for Wood's charge, both panels mostly discussed — as it is to subsidize right-of-cen- and disagreed — on the role of a ter group,' he said. Wood, former NSA director of development in charge of fund raising, refused for "obvious personal reasons" to say how he learned of the threat to forge psychiatric records. Wood said the CIA wanted to keep the threatened official from divulging anything about the spy agency. "There were Immense pres- spy agency in a democracy and whether the CIA influenced NSA. Wood talked with Eugene Groves, NSA president, and Richard Stearns, NSA vice president for international affairs. They were on ABC's "Issues and Answers." The other panel comprised Seas. Clark and Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., Robert Amory one whom I wasn't already conversant with, with respect to the CIA," he added. "There were pressures placed on other people in attempts to try to get lawyers to drop cases, attempts to get lawyers to feed CIA lines to their clients, threats to forge psychiatric records," he.said. Wood, two senators,-a.tormer sures exerted on me but by no Jr., former CIA deputy director for intelligence; Sam Brown, NSA board chairman, and Dennis Shaul. former NSA presi dent. on NBC's They appeared 'Meet The Press." Stearns said CIA got from NSA "a complex of institutions" presenting an alternative to the Communist side at international student meetings and "second- Secret Use of Funds Not New for Govt. r ' By JAMES MARLOW AP News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - It's as old as man. The House demanded to know about the secret use of government funds in foreign affairs. The President refused to explain. This wasn't President Lyndon B. Johnson. It was President James K. Polk 121 -years ago. Now the Central Intelligence Agency is criticized for secret financial help to U.S. groups, such as students, involved with similar groups overseas where this government tries to block Communist influence.and takeovers. It can be taken for granted that's only part of CIA's operations, that it spends millions in spies, bribes and subsidies. None of this is new. Polk told Congress that under a law of 1810 he had the right, for the public, to say nothing about secret spending in foreign affairs if publicity would hurt the national interest. He said this was every nation's experience. The very first Congress Committee Makes Apollo Inquiry WASHINGTON (AP) - The the first public inquiry into the Apollo spacecraft tragedy today in the wake of a space agency report that risks of fire had been misjudged. The testimony from top space officials comes exactly one month after the fire that killed three astronauts. "We thought it better to have the testimony in open session," Chairman Clinton P. Anderson, D-N.M., said. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which has been handling the principal investigation of the disaster at Cape Kennedy, has so far issued three reports on its progress. But today's hearing marks the first time the agency's officials have made themselves available to an outside body to answer quetions raised by the fire. In a report releaed Saturday, NASA said that "continued alertness to the possibility of fire had become dulled by previous ground experience and six years of successful manned missions." The risks of uncontrollable fire had been misjudged, the agency said. The report called for a number of corrective measures. NASA chief James E. Webb, Deputy Director Robert C. Seamans Jr. and George E. Mueller, head.of the manned space office, are expected to testify today. ieyCpeeSrlutDr coxz&?H%14 NASA said in the report it is possible the investigators will be unable to pinpoint the exact cause of the fire, but that electrical malfunction is regarded as the "most likely source." Other causes such as chemical reaction and spontaneous combustion are still being considered, the space agency said. The review board conducting the inqJry is expected to conclude its work by the end of March. Disassembly of the space capsule and minute examination of the parts is still going on. "The risk of flre that coulo not be controlled or from which escape could not b« made was considerably greater than was recognized when the procedurei for the conduct of the test were established," Webb said in a itatement released with the r statement released wife the report. "The bursting of the capsule," he said, "happened in such a way that the flames, as they rushed toward the rupture and exhausted through it, traveled over and around the astronauts' couches. Under these conditions, and with just a few second of time available, the astronauts could not reach • the hatch and open it. "This ' fire indicates that a number of items related to the design and performance of the evironmental control unit will require the most careful examination and may require redesign." Obliged Prince Annie Oakley, famous U. S. markswoman, once obliged Crown Prince Wilhelm, who later became Kaiser Wilhelm II, by shooting a cigarette out of his mouth; at 30 paces, while Buffalo Bill's wild west show played in Berlin. passed a law like that,of 1810 in 790 under the presidency George Washington who, during he revolution, was up to his neck in espionage. Some authorities think he was the sharpest man in this field in American history up until the ime William J. .Donovan became head of the Office of Stra- egic Services in World War n. The shock of Pearl Harbor — he lack of coordinated and or- janized information which made the Japanese attack possible — produced OSS. In turn, CIA was a product of the cold war. Yet, the British and French had organized espionage since the 17th century. Because most historians skip over spywork, all most Americans remember about espionage n the revolution is that Major John Andre, the British spy, and Nathan Hale, the American spy, were hanged. But the British were good at it. During the revolution, when Benjamin Franklin went to Paris to line up the French on the American side, one of the advisors he considered a patriotic American was a well-paid Brit- sh spy. In the 1790's, when this country sent envoys to Paris to ward off war with the French, Talleyrand, the French foreign minister, refused to see them but sent in confidential agents who wanted a bribe of $250,000. One authority on espionage in the Civil War recently expressed the belief that the Union side alone had about 4,200 spies. In his special war message to Congress in 1917 President Woodrow Wilson said the SWINGING retaliate a IHtle Maori 8ln if Rotorua, New Zealand, by, they got intelligence." He said he did not think the 3IA gave orders to NSA, but ihat its funding resulted in an organizational structure "that produced certain kinds ef decisions." Groves also said the CIA did not directly influence NSA policy. Twelve former NSA presidents said the same in a joint statement Saturday. Clark, Brown and Wood, in essence, said such secret operations were contrary to tenets of a democracy. Wood said if the United States "is going to be engaged in a world struggle of ideas, I think we have to compete on our own terms which means that we have to be true to our own values, by using an open, democratic public society, as opposed to any sort of society that practices totalitarianism, or .restrictions on people's freedoms. "The argument that the Communists use the same sorts .of techniques to wage an international struggle doesn't wash, in my mind. If you accept their rules, you play their game, then yon simply bow to their values. Jackson, Amory and Shaul disagreed. Amory said the CIA "was nothing but the instrument ol the United States government, a professional organization doing the work of our constituted au- ttiorities." He called tempest in ORPHANS-A CONTINUING PROBLEM CHANCES IM 1,000 THAT A NIWKKN CHILO WIU K OMHANED IEFORE ATTAINING Ad It 331 CHANCES OF PATERNAL ORPHANHOOD CHANCES OF MATERNAL ORPHANHOOD 25 30 35 U'45 30 AGE OF FATHER AT BIRTH OF CHILD 20 25 30 35 40 45 AGE OF MOTHER AT BIRTH OF CHILO looks. Thomas said that 100,000 copes had to be corrected. H« said the cost to Harper & Row was estimated at between $5,009 and $25,000. The original version appeared in the second installment of L,ook magazine's serialization of ,he book. Despite relatively low death rates among adults of child-rearing age in recent years, orphanhood ts still a major problem. According to government estimates, the number of orphans under 18 was about 3.4 million last year, 4.8 per cent of the nation's entire child population. Statistics show a considerable greater chance that a child may lose a father than a mother. Currently, about71 percent of orphans hove lost father* only ami 26.5 per cent mothers only. Manchester Book Changed NEW YORK (AP)-Produc- ton and Mrs. Kenneth p'Donnen ilon of William lx>ok, 'When I Read Courier News Classifieds Of coui§fe Ibitf* §t Joseph c^spirin... doesn't everyone? Rich people know the value of getting the belt for lei*. That'* why they like St. Joseph At-; pirin. A government-sponsored study found thequality of relief in higher-priced aspirin and Sti Joseph. Aspirin was the same. 1 So, be like the rich people. Change to St. Joseph Aspirin —and keep th« change! Think satu- their llsofdrledated festive Maori ceremonies. Germans had already so rated this country with spies "they could never be our friends." But spies, bribes and informers go away back. The Bible had its share. Judas, for informing on Jesus, got 30 pieces of silver. When Samson gave the Philistines the miseries, they promised Delilah 1,100 pieces of silver for finding out where his strength lay. She discovered it was in his hair and when he went to sleep she brought in a man to cut it off. Machiavelli made a name for himself with bis 16th century study, the prince on how. in eluding, dirty tricks, an ambitious man could take power. But 1,800 years before that, in India, Kautilya wrote a similar but not so well known book. It was even more detailed than Machiavelli's, with all kinds of dirty tricks spelled out. It wasn't translated into English until about 1900. Napoleon had one of the best spies in history, Karl Schulmeister, who got well paid for pretending to the Austrians he was all on their side and then conning them into attacking the French at Ulm, at the wrong time. The Romans were said to have used carrier pigeons anc swallows -for sending secret in. formation. Greek history is ful of double-dealing. Historian J. B. Bury, writing of the Greeks in decline, says public opinion thought no worse of a mm for taking a bride from a foreign power and considered on* who didn't "superhuman." done his job, I believed him. So were safe, rather than immedi we changed it. Once we learned ately handling the military sit- dent," was halted for several the truth we were damned anx error, says Evan Thomas, vice "The general's order ef priori- president of Harper publishers of the book meant removing several pages, ties was staggering. Only after reprinting them and replacing wives had been reassured could we can't get out of the political The correction, Thomas said he deal with the possibility of a plot against the United States." Chester's account of the actions BueU W. Carter, *AFA Agent Thomas said Clifton, of Mai. Gen. .Chester V. Clifton He also said news media in- time friend, informed him that military aide to President estimating and publicizing oth John F. Kennedy^ Clifton is now CIA operations destroy mportant part of the security 607 N. 6th Nest Door to Dixie Ptg Phone PO 3-3361 phone call to the White House .Manchester, had written that which dealt with military and Clifton, after the assassination well be in the business of scut security aspects of the assassi in Dallas, first called the White House and asked that Mrs. Cuf- nation. AT HAYS.. .DESTINED FOR SPRING FASHION LEADERSHIP bMoiMthemfcefii ef Kwon and sit Beautifully letted end buttoned collar *e gnce of We summer freshener girl who knom dothes

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