The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 20, 1931 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, June 20, 1931
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Page 3
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EIEJtMS Urges New Jurv Plan PAflE Veteran of New York Bench Outlines Plan {or Improving System. n. TI:KU Nl;i\ Service Writer NEW YORK. — Jury irHl, tlic rk-ht of nn accused man to have I lie fads of hi-, cas3 Judged by 11! r,[ his peers, or equals, is ijrin* savagely critici/cd in thes; days. Despite an 8JO-yMr hciiiase as llv: ccMierslone of free mriVs liberty, jury trial is being ridiculed by those -,vho note how sentimentality often defeats Jufllc?. Some s?rious legal iiilixls have none so far us to ad- vncate abolishing juries altogether, lieauliful women freed when obviously faulty, hardened criminals acquitted" tlinitisli the stagecraft of sharp lawyers, such spectacles have shaken the traditional American iaith in trial by jury. P.ut li'.ey have not shaken the faith oE Judge Victor J. Doling, veteran of 21 years on the bench of li:c Couri of Appeals here, who from n recent retirement, looks back over his presiding in 25,000 cases and 30,003 motions. "No better means has yet been devised for meting out justice," he fays. "Our failures are due not to the jury system an such, but to cur failure to make jury service attractive to -high-calibre men. I believe we have Bone a Ion? way toward solving that difncully here in New York. Judge Dowling advocates, fundamentally, that the better types of jurors be encouraged to serve by treating thorn like human beings, by giving them comfortable quarters in which to live, by giving them reading and writ ins materials and thus enabling them io keep in touch with their businesses. "The intent is to encourage a better class of jurymen, making it possible to get busines men. merchant and .small shopkeepers who enu devote their energies to jury trials." System Seems Successful And it has .worked! Shallow- inindeJ jurors, stayed by a tear or a joke, have been largely eliminated. Men who can thing clearly and i - decide wisely have served—and well Judge .Dow'ing is enthusiastic. He explains the system: "It is known as the 'jury iwol. Tt came from outside to the courts It was sujgcsScd to a committee of judges by a Rotary ciub committee and the Grand Jurors association. At first there was doubt that it Would work. "Careful and considerate investigation in Buffalo, where a similar plan was tried, proved that it could operate. It was decided to give il a fair trial. "Instead nf drawing jurors twice a men til in 14 or 15 parts, and making it necessary lor a judge to excuse each niau personally, jurors v.en 1 drawn before a Fenarate judge when they were needed. The basic idea w?.s that one judge pass on all excuses and that men be examined before a clerk, the jud;e ruling cn- ly when his advice was needed to pass on eligibility. The men were called when cases were called for Irtol." Time anil Money Saved He notes (hat the assembly room idea, where men could easily keep in touch with the outside world, made fewer excuses necessary and thrst the finest type o! men were willing to serve. Here's what happened after the system had been tried: "As n r?sult of Ihc first six months of trial we found this: the plan was a complete success; it was approved by' lawyers and jurists alike. Men were • released when there was no prospect of being needed. Much time was saved. The / ictual financial savin? to the coim- T ;y was $150.030 a year." A great improvement in handling of cares was noted. Men were content to Rive their time when their cr.vn interests were given due regard. The caliber was raised because fewer days were required, and men. shown they were appreciated, were glad to do their duty. Arrangements were made between local and federal courts so that .service in on? could ire accepted fo:- service in another. "13y such a system it is hoped it will be necessary to call eligible men not ottcner ihan once in three years." says the judge. Vroper Ouiclnncc Necessary In defending the jury system Judge Uowling asserts: "No better means has yet been devised for metin? out justice. Arbitration is highly regarded, and is fceing quite generally followed in fettling dispute.', but there are many case.s where the judgment of a man's peers is the only "satisfactory method, especially where bad faith Is characd." The judse agrees that there is no chaure of ch.ingmg the "human Clemen:." especially in criminal c.ise=. Imt that raising the standard ft jurors elimin.-.les men who are swayed by cniolion more than ren=™. "Ur.cirr proper instructions by the court- the- jury is fairly certain of caching the proper solution. I have no criticism of the jury itself, but liinitatier.s which custom and decisions have placed ii|xm the prc- 1 -.siding judge to comment upon the < "iidenec perhaps should be diang- od." Changes SIIH Possible Judge Howling points to tht Iritlh of the matter; Hint Ihnro Are Must p. Be | (lie commission has nsked C'oiisre.v: to id lew II of the necessity. 5. Compel [lion on the litgliwivi --a threat to the railroads which !.•:! the commission Io urge federal U'ni.lallon of InlcrstiKc bus trans- pwuiiun. Now io otilllnc the.se problems in u iitlle more detail: I Sot's rrubloms Ahead I Tin.- lust netieral rale lurrcr.^- will I imule In \\)M following tin 1 war and amounted ta M or •)() IIP: c<-n|. In IHL'2 rales wero reduced 10 |>er ct-iit and the lalliuads contend thai Many Factors Considered upon Railroads' Request; 1 ""' 11 d °™ separately since. Me; r i I wlille. tl:e carriers are hard liil, l« I 11 t aSSUIg | it ;L . i. c. C. has Ix-m whlilhiiij an- IMMTOK'S XOT!!: Tills Is the lilsl nf a scries nf.foitr timely ar- lides- dealing \vith Ihc powers and wurkings of the lutvrj tate CntnmTu' CL'imnis!>Eim. The final InsfLilli'lthl describes siinir uf the problrnis which i-cnfruiit liie coinmissfci'i. HV'KOWNKV DUTCHKH XtA Service Wrilrr ! (Copyright, 1Q31, NKA Service, Inc.) WASHIN'OTON.—Enormous problems, atfeciing the future nf the i entire great system of Arf.'ricnn transportation, continually l;e.s?t the 11 members of the Interstate Commerce Commission. I Along with is continuous Invcs- I tigalions of rale structures and Its | hearings on individual cases in- \ vo'.ving rales on grain, cotton, coal, cement, oil, vegetables, grnnlte nncl all else that moves In freight cavs over out 250.000 miles of railroad track and besides manifold other Bent fund for loans Io less prosperous roads und for surplus ri'semvi. Hcciiplure Ls bound up with valuation because- the roads Imvu con- tciHli'il that they were not fulrly valued nnd liencc wen. 1 excessively charged for rocuplitre. IIundie<l!> of nillllons of dollars arc Involved in the dispute, bul only nbo'il 10 millions have been paid Inlo Ihe fund. The I. C, 0. has vecom- tnended [o Cougicft-s (hat lii? re- eiipr.iro section be rcjicaled. e.x- plalnlng Hint endless Illlgutliui 1; involved, that Ihe benefits are mies- tlonnble und that equluible Uibli'l- bulion of the contlii^cnt fuiul seem- both by the business depression and tli> j liim'iislnx to:n|X'll(ioii of buses nnd . lini'ks. The railroads suy tm-y j coined a return of bul 2.11 per ceil". In the lust four months of tills j jvar and thai a 15 per cent.rate lueiease, amounting to about 10p;r I cent afler readjustments, would in-, i crease revenues about SIUUOUOOCu, consolidation Issue Ls now Io (lie .1 a return of' 4 per | < on n « nln w 'Ui the report. (1ml Hi? Luxora Society—Personal has been ot Campbell's Clinic for the past three months.'. • • ' ' "• ' Mr. and Mrs. E J, Spencer"of Ulythcvllle spent Sunday "with relatives here. • -^ Misses Elizabeth Sllllman and Hll/iibelh Spanu were Mempliis vis-' itors, Monday. The Woman* club mat. nt (he M, S . R. j, Glllespie entertained IL' c,'. Mrs. Dave Klcliiinb, Wed- two taljlis of guests at bridge Wcd- Cd im|H>sslble. Meanwhile II has gone abend with III.' II., !•'. .V I'. case and Hie $300.000 demanded ii'pre.setit.s half lliat ro:ul's excess Aii:., w callings for 1021-M, be iissMed C'o'iisullitallun Issue I Klnsolvliig, Kconomles In operation me Ihe main xoul of consolidation. The I and ylv-i! them a return uf 4 ]: ct-iii. Tlicy contend thai ll'.o extra eastern ronds have smoothed out solldatlon plan Involving the N'etv revenues would be spcnl liirgcly Ior| ^^J 1 *^ lh ^L!.""C "" l:tix>r. iiiul materials and thai liie i.iU 1 increase would thus benelll. Hie ov.uiiiy nt large. The I. C. C. seems hardly likely to grant Ihc 15 per The Woman's Missionary Union iVhal American justice needs is a belter class of jurymen, says Judge Victor J. Doivling, above, vete ran of 21 years on the tench. big and little jobs It does by net. of Comjrcss, the I. C. C. must wrestle wllh such issues as these: ictually fciv disagrenu-nts In juries' leeisions ar.d that the belief that \ two-thirds vote would he b;t:er s not upheld by the facts. In crim- nal casas, he adinils that the laws prefiiinpi'.nn of innorence ___ _ l.licqutst of the railroads for | general freight rate increase of 15 wfre guests of Mr. nnd Mrs. Frank 1 per cent. I cent boost bill, as Ihe body rrgulat- ';::(; inilroads and chargeil with extensive responsibilities, it ilucis a seiious problem in the reqi:c;:l3 f.icl ll.e reasons behind it. Valuutiun Kipensr luillal vnluatlon of the railroads under the l.aFollettc resolution was a Job tliat lasted 14 years. At one lime the I. C. C. had 1750 men working on tlm Job. 11 spent about 5:10.000.000 on the work and the railroads arc said to have spent three times as much checking Ihe results. The reason for valuation was to find a fair value on which rates- 1 might be based nnrt the Im- mtil proved [;!:ilty, the weicht Riven character evidence and tlis fact .hat juror; ir.iisi not be prcjujiced jy Ihe failure of the defendant to tnke the stand, usunlly work out in favor of (he accused. Now, after a long and honorable career on the bench, Judge Dow- liiiK has retired to nrivate practice. With defivres of Doctor of f,aws from siK colleges. C5 years oM. his faith in humanity still in'.act. he sums up his attitude in these words: portance of the result Io shippers 3. Consolidation of railroads — oncernin, v:,iich there , 5 a wealth Harry Stanford. Friday. Mis: iiovenc Cole was 'the nf her sister, Mrs. Helfn Sexton for a few days this week. T,Ir. and Mrs- Louis White spent Friday at Luxcra. Mrs. A. J. Hill was the guest of Mrs. Ira I3ohannlng at Blytheville. Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. P. II. Kennedy of Keiser and Mrs-. Josie Rogers of Osceoia visit'd Mr. and Mrs. Frank "All in all-my year; 0:1 the Lind._Thin-sday. bench have tended to cnnfh'ii my' strong belief in the utility of She present jury system and the desirability of continuing il with such improvements from the administrative side as may finest then-,2?Ives from lime to time." J. C. Jones of the Oilchrift farm [was the guest of A. J. Hill Sun- I day. Midway Notes Mrs. E M. McDonald is Bassett News In-i- ! Mrs. Lillic Dee Brown and dausn ter nf Kosiusko, Miss., are visit- iiis their cousin. Dr. R. L. John fon. A. S. Catehing.> and Mrs in;; her mother. Mrs. Anna Partlow j Jcc Miller were Memphis visitor: ol K:r-k:nan. Ky.. this week. Junior Liud is ill this week. Mr. and Mrs. I'rank Lind gave a party at their home Saturday night. Sixty guests enjoyed the evening. ! Thursday. Miss bloudell Gather of Mem phis is visiting her sister. Mrs. C C. Williams. - Mrs Mack Bennett, and son Flint. Michigan arc the guests Miss Lillie Ellen Martin and Miss! Mis. Lee Long. Mildred Norman of Elytheville The Shawnee P- T. A. held NITRO BLUE GASOLINE Good As The Others Per Gallon—Tax Included Independent Highest Grade In Blylhevillc 14c Per J= JlL^r Gallon U'e Can't Cut the Pi ice unless We Reduce tlic Quality, We can't reduce the (iimlity because we use too much ourselves. ALEMiTE YOUR CAR AlemitiiiK cost no more than ordinary greasing— \Ve use seven special Lubricants when we alemile your car. QUAKE It STATE OIL VOLCO OIL 20c !>EH QUART 100'.- PARAFFIN' HASH S. A. K. SI'KCIFICATION 1 Gasoline — Motor Oils On^n Day ami Ni.qht Norlh on Highway fil - - - Dlylhcvillc, Ark. ideas In Congress, arriers and ivithl: ? rC t)' ' l T m °r" g , lht! [value, had'given i'nsufucient weight in in el. o. c. [to t!le [ UC [ 0r O f reproduction cost— '1 4. Recapture— a consrcssioml heme so diniciilt Io carry out that tint the railroads, that Is, had not lien given a fair break. So the commission made a 'new attempt to 11 day meeting at the Shawnee | value the railroad properties, glv- York Central, Baltimore >t Ohii), ' Pennsylvania ar.d Van S\verliiRiu lines for presentntlon to the I. C. C. 1'resldent Hoover 1ms inferential!)' cndorswl this plan, but approval or iisnpproval Is cnltiely up tu the •oiiiiiifssion. ^ Congress in 1920 told Ihe I. C. O. o ronniilnti' a plan within whose limits various carriers might consolidate if the commission t'.ioiiKlit their plans ,vveie compatible wllh public Interest. In I!t2!) the com- mlssloti. allTiongh II liiul re-jieatcdly protested Ihe Impossibility of carrying oul various specifications of the consolidation section, submitted a general national plan providing fo,' 21 big railroad systems. It provided for Il>:e systems In the cast and tlic four lines named nre nsk- IIIK it to modify the plan in that respect. Thus far rallr/nda hn\'2 mndc no iui|iortanl iicnulslllons un- | der (he commission's 1D20 plan, i Hie Invcstit'nllon of Ihe "a\s lour" ! proposal probably will lasl several j months. ! Ilus Itcgulallon ' Tlie commission In 182Q asked Congress for n luw to regulate bus of the linpllsl church met Tuesday afleincon ;a tin; chinch and en- Joyetl n Hoyal Sen IK lisson. Mr. and Mis. chnrlcs McDanlels were vislloi.s In Osccola, Tuesday. Mr. Hllotl Williams returned nun .Mu;iipliL>; Tue.sday, where tin) Mr. I.ouls George and Ills guest;' York iiKtored to St. Louis Tuesduy. Mr.i. Klruo Campbell ond dough- lir of St. I.ouls arc visiting Mrs. V. E. Hush and Mrs. H- W! Spaun. Mrs. Waller nenton vhltcd rel- allvw; at niytlievlllci Sunday. '..', Mrs. Max Stewart and children of Osceola are visiting her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Tom Renfro. " Courier News Want Ads Pay. chcol on Wednesday. Dinner erved and plans for thu coining ear were discussed. Mrs. W: A. Parker and Mrs. C. . Williams are ill this week. _ r ___ _. Louise rnrker spent the week- \ is supposed that thc'rallioads will increased considerHtion Io thai factor in its decision ordering the Richmond, Fredcrlcksbnrg i: I'olo- mac Railroad to turn over nearly S900.000 lor the recapture fund. It nd at Harrlsbtirgh with friends. -Miss Mary Lee Rcdseis was a aiythe\ille visitor. Weiinesday. Mr. and Mrs. Tony McAfee an- loiincc the birth of u daughter on rimrsday. June 18th. Mr. and Mrs. II. J. Johnson nave chn-ncd a visit with relatives !n tlissiSEippl. They also attend-:! he Confederate Reunion at Br.'n- ngliain while away. take the R.. F. & P. case—or another like it—to the court again, al- Ihough the I. C. C. is estimated to have given reproduction co.st from 50 to GO per cent weight in the decision. , Recapture Clause The recapture clause of the 1920 transportation act provided that lialf ol a railroad's net income nver C per cent be turned into a contin- 0[M>ralion and .such n passed Ihe House In the last session bul failed to reach a vote In Ihe Senate. The I. C. C. didn't think HID lime was ripe to reiiulate. motor (rucking, although tluiL form ol transportation also has been a drain on railroad revenue. Aboat 1.685.000.000 jiersons rode-on buses Inst year. Tha commission Is now investigating ca-ovdinntioii of motor traiisiiorlallon with vail nnd water transportation. One of Its earliest discoveries Is that the railroads have invested S-IO.OOO.OCO in buses and hauled 34,000.000 passengers In buses durhiR the first six months of last year. Notice to Tax Payers In Drainage District No. 17 Taxes Must Be Paid By July 1st To Avoid Penalty And Costs It is imperative thai tltn interest on the Ronds due Febvmivy isl, 1<)MI, Im puid not litter limn July 1st. To do this it will in: necetwiuy Tor-the tnxpayer-r to ' tieaci Cnuricr Nc<vs want nds. ))uy tlicii 1 luxes now. Under Hie very subs!initial loduetinn in.tlio tax rate for tlto cuvrent yesir it is «c|iecleil Unit Uio'tnxiw'yera will co-o]K!rnlu with Iho District fully and ]iay hcforc lioiuilly attiiclics. CLIFTON H. SCOn, Receiver Drainage District No. 17 of Mississippi t'onnly, Arkansas. 1 they've got to be good! © 1931, llGGtll i M«IS TOtACCO CO. There's a Sot to it! Smokers want a milder cigarette. Chesterfield is just that. Mild, ripe tobaccos and pure French paper — every one is well- filled and every one burns uniformly. Chesterfields smoke milder and taste better— because they're made that way! SMOKED BY MORE MEN AND WOMEN EVERY DAY

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