The Tribune from Scranton, Pennsylvania on September 6, 1939 · 1
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The Tribune from Scranton, Pennsylvania · 1

Scranton, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 6, 1939
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THE WEATHER EST. 1856. VOL. 328. NO. 58 EIGHTEEN PAGES SCRANTON. PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1939 Fair, rllghtly warmer today and tomorrow. Yes-trrdaya max temp., 74s min. temp., 64. PRICE TWO CENTS Gums in 'Paris Rout First 'German Raiders Correspondent Visits Front- Finds Poles Conquered Unyielding (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Bremen Still a Fugitive; No Clue in Sea Mystery By LOUIS P. LOCBNER (This dispatch has been censored in Berlin.) WITH THE GERMAN ARMY OF THE EAST, Sept. 5 IP). A general order for the roundup of all civilian males of arms-bear-ing age in sections of Polish Silesia conquered by the Germans was issued today by the military command because of persistent sniping. , An officer accompanying me on this trip to the front explained ythat the greatest single difficulty met by the German army in its '' drive on Poland was civilian sniping. For example, he said that yesterday here in Czestochowa there was a sudden burst of gunfire from houses which cost the lives of a German captain, several lieutenants, an undisclosed number of privates. Sniping had been resumed this morning and 30 men were conducted to the city hall now a German commandery as among those believed guilty of participation. We followed them to the city hall. Directly outside it I saw a German soldier keeping guard under a big tree. The-protruding boots of a German lieutenant, a straw mat thrown over the body and a scabbard and blade lying crossed over the mat, spoke in elo-' quent language of death. FAMOUS BLACK MADONNA UNHARMED ' I then was told' that this lieutenant was shot (luring the pre-. Vlous night as he ivofked at his desk close to a window. I came here as the first and only correspondent at present per-, mitted at the front by the selection of three American news organizations in Berlin, who acted on the invitation of German authorities .to permit a neutral American newspaperman to see what was going on. , I flew in a military ' plane to' Oppeln, and thence traveled under military escort across the Polish border to Czestochowa. I saw the famous Black Madonna in Jasnagora monastery in Czestochowa. The monastery and cathedral have not been harmed. In an interview Father N.orbert Motylewski declared: - The miracle-Working image of the Czestochowa Virgin on the Jasnagora (light colored mountain) was not damaged in any way nor has Jasnagora suffered in any way. As we entered the chapel we saw a huge crowd of Polish worshippers attending mass. Some both men and women lay prostrate, kissing the marble floortheir hands extended. Among them were mny sobbing women. v - THE GRIM KEALITY OF WAR My military escort and I had hardly left the chapel when the grim reality of war broke upon us. We heard intermittent shots. On the boulevard below, German anaifcraft was set up in formidable numbers. At a corner lay two dead horses which nobody had had time to remove. To the left of us a whole row of buildings showed broken windows and bullet-riddled facades, while proceeding down the right side of the boulevard were about 30 Polish civilians closely guarded by steel-helmeted German soldiers, their rifles cocked. The Poles marched with their hands up. These were the 30 arrested as sniping suspects. When the order came yesterday afternoon that a plane was waiting for me at Tempelhof airdrome I was first taken to the war office to have my gas mask fitted and also to receive a first aid kit. At Tempelhof (Berlins principal airport) what a change since I last visited it! Once as busy as any railway station with commercial planes starting and arriving, east, west, north and south, it iyw is a military airdrome with planes painted a forbidding greenish black. The open-air restaurant where hundreds of Berliners used to sit of a Summer day, listening to music now is emjoty. PLANE BRISTLES WITH MACHINE GUNS 1 had been told that one of Germanys most popular and biggest types of planes would be at my disposal. I approached it with visions of comfortable upholstered seats. Instead, I found machine guns protruding from the fusilage. Steel helmets, parachutes, first aid kits and gas masks extended a cheering welcome as we climbed aboard. Flying from Berlin via Breslau to Oppeln in Silesia I was struck with the stoppage of traffic on the big Hitler super-highways except for army transports of all sorts. Germany is ration- run the British naval blockade, shipping men here believe the 51,6S6-ton ship might be bead-ng for a country likely to remain neutral. Like another North German NEW YORK, Sept. 5 UP). The $20,000,000 German 'liner Bremen, biggest merchant marine prize now on the high seas, was stitll unreported tonight a fugitive prowling furtively toward a safe harbor six days after leaving New York with- j Lloyd liner, the Columbus, it was out passengers. thought the Bremen might head Under normal conditions the for Veracruz,' Mexico. In any ease Bremen should have reached j it was bed probabje that the Bremenhaven yesterday, but since , Bremen with her 908 officers and she sailed her wireless has been crew .ould gafc froIT, s,nk,ns; si'ent let she betray her where- because of the value of the ship, a bouts.- - i Then again, it was possible she Because it is regarded as un- might already be m the hands of likely cow that she would try to enemy naval craft. Capitals Defenses On Alert Several Planes Appear After Night Alarm PARIS, Sept. 6 (Wednesday) (IP). Several airplanes, presumably German, flew over Paris today at 3'14 a. m, (9:14 p. m.( E. S. T., Tuesday) and were fired on by French antiaircraft batteries. The air raid siren sounded at 1:41 a. m. (7:41 p. m E. S. T.) sending people into their cellars for the second successive night. -The alarm was lifted at 4:13 a. m. (10:13 p. m., E. S. T.), Planes crossing the border from Germany ordinarily are allotted half an hour to reach Paris. These planes appeared an hour and a half after the alarm first was given. FLARES PIERCE SKY Many had emer'ge&ifrom' their refuges, when they heard the hum of the planes and the popping of the French guns. The sky was pierced by flares sent aloft. No explosions were heard in the center of the city. It was not learned immediately whether any bombs had been dropped in the suburbs. BULLETINS SHANGHAI, Wednesday, Sept. 6 (U.R). It was learned unimpeachably today that the Japanese government in Tokyo has asked Great Britain and France to withdraw their army and navy forces' from China. LONDON, Sept. 5 (INS). A German submarine has been reported in the waters near the famous Scotch shipbuilding center on the River Clyde, the Daily Express reported tonight. MOSCOW7, sfept. 5 UP. An important military conference of Soviet army and naval leaders was understood to have taken place. LONDON, Sept. 5 UP, The Reuter (British) news agency reported today that Belgians heard explosions in Aachen, Germany, today. Arms Embargo Is Proclaimed Roosevelt Puts Neutrality Law Into Effect; Acts to Streiigtlien Defense Correspondent Sees Great Black Plane By RALPH HEINZEN - PARIS, Wednesday, Sept. 6 (U.R). Paris has just experienced her first real air raid scare of this new European war.- From the roof of my home on Mount . Valerien, in one of the highest portions of the city, I watched a great black plane move slowly across a clear, moonlit sky while anti-aircraft batteries set up a terrific din. It was to be assumed that the plane, which passed directly over the city, was a German one. Perhaps it was en route to the vital French airplane factories on the outer industrial ring of Paris. No bombs were dropped on the city proper and I could hear no explosions, because of the terrific noise of the French anti-aircraft guns dotting the clear sky with tiny white puffs. WORLD WAR 25 YEARS AGO From the files of the Tribune-Republican of September 6, 1914. By RICHARD L. TURNER WASHINGTON, Sept. 5 UP. With an historic stream of proclamations and significant but informal statements, Pjesldept Roosevelt told the world of America's neutrality today, clamped down the neutrality acts tight embargo on arms shipments to the belligerents and disclosed that: . Gaps in the national defense are soon to be filled by increasing the personnel of the Navy, now at only 85 per cent o peace time strength, and augmenting thedefensive garrison at the Panama Canal, A flotilla of World War de-' Stroyers will be reconditioned and recommissioned to take up the dramatic task of patrolling American territorial waters, presumably to see that they do not become the scene of "violations of rteutral rights by belligerent warships. BAN ON PROPAGANDA Measures will be taken to combat propaganda aimed at the American form of government, espousing CMnmunism, dictatorship and thelike, and to prevent the United States from becoming a center for the gathering of information useful to the belligerents. In all. there were three proclamations, the first, in accordance with international law, notifying the interested nations that America would be officially neutral the second invoking the arms ban A dispatch from Antwerp says that the attempt of the Germans to envelop the left wing ef the Allies has been frustrated, a big force of German cavalry being repulsed. The sinking, of the Austrian steamer, Balthori by a British cruiser in the Bay of Biscay is reported. A. J. Casey, his son and daughter. Miss Caseys governess, Miss Shannahan; Miss Costello, an employe of the Traders Bank, and Michael H. Grogan, all of Scranton, arrived in New York coming from the war zones of Europe on the White Star liner Cedric. (Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) Air Raid Shelters Are Taken Down In Peaceful Italy Russia has been landing troops on Belgian soil to cooperate with the Allies. Reports from Nauen, Germany, say that the Austrian center has completely defeated the Russians, in that zone of fighting. Coast Guard Sends Out Two Rescue Cutters WASHINGTON. Sept 5 (INS). Two U. S. Coast Guard cutters were ordered ton.ght to stations in the mid-Atlantic for rescue work in event add.Uonal steamships are torpedoed by German submarine or sunk by mine or warships of The cutter Campbell was ordered out i from New York, and the B.tb from Norfolk. ROME, Sept. 5 .UP. Premier Mussolini gave a new indication that he was not thinking of going to war at present as workmen today began taking down air raid shelters which had been erected hastily a week ago. The shelters consisted of planks laid against walls throughout the city. They were to have been covered with sand bags. The government continued, however, to requisition trucks for taking supplies to the 1,700,000 men under arms. The Italian liner Rex, which is scheduledrio leave Naples for New York Saturday, Has been booked to capacity by returning Americans. South Africa Riots Over Entry Into War CAPETOWN, Sepl. 4 UR). The government of Premier J. B. M. Hertzog resigned today after the parliament of the Union of South Africa rejected Hertzog's proposal that this British dominion remain aloof from Britains war with Germany, Hertzog asked General Jan Christian Smuts, former premier who opposed his stand, to form a new government Parliament voted BO to 67 to sever relations with Germany and shTt time later anti-German r.ot ng burg. broke out in Jthannes- THE EUROPEAN BATTLEFIELD ' - (By the Associated Frees). BUDAPEST diplomatic reports from Warsaw say Germans shelling city in rapid advance through broken Polish defense lines; government, embassies, thousands of citizens leave Warsaw, WASHINGTON President Roosevelt proclaims United . States neutrality; arms shipments to warring nations banned. BERLIN i Germans announce capture of rich industrial cities of Katowice and Chorzow in Polish Silesia; say Poles retreating badly shattered and one entire Polish division crushed. PARIS French army says troops in contact everywhere along German p-ontidr between the Rhine and Moselle; both ends of Germany's Siegfried line believed assaulted. LONDON Athenia survivors, reaching Irish and Scottish ports, say vessel was torpedoed and snelled by submarine, ridi . cule Berlin denial attacker was German; 44 believed lost. BRATISLAVA Observers say Slovak resentment against German military rule being stifled by fear of Nazi secret police. U. S. TREASURY REPORT WASHINGTON, Sept. 5 UP. The position of the Treasury September 1: Receipts, $20,220,516.06; expenditures $33,768,617.87; net balance, $2,201,927,386.22; customs receipts for month, $1,408,-938.55; receipts for fiscal year (July 1), $748,046,136.33. QUEEN CARRIES GAS MASK LONDON, Sept. 5 UP. Queen Elizabeth carried a gas mask today as she 8Dd King George inspected London's civil defenses. Siegfried Pressure Increased French Army Is Hammering Northern Flank By TAYLOR IIENRY PARIS, Sept. 5 OT. The left wing of the French army tonight increased the pressure on the northern flank of the German forces along a 100-mile front. Army communique No. 4 tonight said simply: - Our -troops are in contact everywhere along the frontier between the Rhino 'and the Moselle, It is recalled that on he Rhine permanent fortifications border the river here and there. This 100-mile frontier, where the French Maginot dine faces the Nazi Siegfried line at some places a little more than a stone's throw distant, forms the northern flank of the German line, MAir ATTACK IN SOUTH This German line makes a sharp bend in the vicinity of. Karlsruhe, Germany, where the French frontier Jots out into a point forming the northeastern "corner of France. The line follows the Rhine south 1 to Switzerland, The main attack was to the southward, where the Burgundy gate passage between Vosges and the Alps lead to the German Black Forest. Here apparently was concentrated an artillery barrage. The last line of the general staff communique reminded the French, who are becoming impatient for news of an offensive on a grand scale, that -permanent fortifications guarded the line of the Rhine, SOFTENING OPERATION Semi-Official sources .said the French were trying togoften the southern German lines while the northern forces were clearing hills and valleys near Luxem-bourgh before starting any major offensive. Advance pillboxes and machine-gun nests dot the territory between the two fortifications. Northern operations were believed to have brought the opposing French and German forces in more direct contact than in the south. It was stated, however, that the activities had not advanced far enough to merit more than the official announcement that operations develop normally, . Polish Troops Are Drawn Up North of City Government Has Evacuated Capital, According to Diplomatic Reports; Germans Making Lightning Advance WARSAW, Sept. 6 (Wednesday) (AP). Fighting on the eastern front was reported today to be increasing in intensity. As thousands of dismayed Warsaw residents fled before the advancing Germans, Polish troops were concentrated on a 20-mile line from Ciechanow to Plonsk, 35 miles north of the capital. Battles also raged west and south of Warsaw. BRUSSELS, Belgium, Sept. 5 UR). The thunder of heavy shelling in the Moselle region of the French-German border was reported to have been heard tonight. BUDAPEST. Sept. 6 (Wednesday) (AP). Diplomatic dispatches from Warsaw early today said jhesJSer m&rt army after H' lightning advance from 'the north was shelling the city. The Polish capital, already evacuated by the Polish government and foreign embassies and legations, was described as partially destroyed under the heavy bombardment. While the German forces were reported to be shelling the city heavily, airplanes conducted continual raids. The government was said to have fled to Lublin, 90 , ptiles southeast of Warsaw. . Unconfirmed reports received here early this morning said Marshal Edward Smigly-Rydz, head of the Polish army', had offered his resignation to President Ignace Moscicki. The diplomatic reports said the Germans early today were less than 50 miles from the capital and moving rapidly through a broken Polish front. The dispatches suggested that the Poles, if unable to stem the advance of the Nazi troops, would take up positions on the east bank of the Vistula River, which runs through Warsaw, All legations and embassies were said to have followed the Polish government to Lublin. Earlier dispatches indicated the American embassy, headed by Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle Jr. had moved to Luck, 200 miles southeast of Warsaw, Blotcs Raid Warning Heard Siren in Dream OTFORD.Kent, Sept. 5 (U.R). A special constable rushed from house to house through this village today, blowing his whistle and telling everyone an air raid was expected. " The villagers took cover but nothing happened. A little later the constable discovered that he had been asleep and had dreamed he heard warning sirens. The Facts On War Four great new services, equipped with veteran reporters seasoned in distinguishing fact from propaganda, are supplying The Tribune with reports of development in the European war. The aervicea are: Associated Press. United Press. International New Service. Newspaper Enterprise Association. The Tribune, through these four services, is presenting only what appears to be facts, mindful, however, that all dispatches from Europe are required to pass censorship. Flight Is Joined By U. S. Embassy By LLOYD tEHBRAS -.WARSAW, Sept. 5 UP. Poland's capital experienced one of the most bewildering 24-hoQrs in its stormy history today. Battles were raging to the north, west and south jot it and Its government and thousands of dismayed residents fled eastward in search of safety. Thousands more, lacking funds to seek a haven, watched streams of refugees pouring out of the city. The press and radio has given no hint of what was going on, adding to the popular bewilderment. (A Berlin communique reported a German column 50 miles north of Warsaw and told of large gains In other sections). Hawklike German planes swooped low and chattering ma- j yar Office ' left chine guns sounded in the city as an American embassy caravan set out for a temporary embassy site. With Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle Jr., his family and most of his staff were several news correspondents and a number of Americans of Polish descent. Their destination was not announced. All other embassy and legation staffs left, too. . OFFICIALS LEAVE Polish officials and their families began evacuation of- the city secretly tonight, leaving only skeletonized staffs. Offices were to be set up in some southeastern city. Most foreign legations had moyed out by mid-afternoon leaving only consular staffs functioning. Ton.ght the few remaining Americans and other fore goers were completely without accurst information as to what was happening in the war zones since the no one behind authorized to give out information. FLIGHT BEGINS Among the Americans remaining were Landreth M. Harrison, the embassys second secretary and part of his staff; Major William H, Colbern. military attache, and E. A. Symarts, Grand Rapid3, Mich., of the commercial attache's office. (Lloyd Lehbras Is remaining for the time in Warsaw; other Associated Press correspond en ts left to (Continued on Page 2; Col. 1) LOST AND FOUND LOST WALLET. Mamie near THhr Stead Sjtidi. Mane-. alaable pev PitunuTBV ! c -r. . Ca'J X.i'ar, 33 STRAYED TO MV PLACE hou-d No ) Vi1 am S-u- R. r 1. C 1. Classified Section Continued on Page Sixteen

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