The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on September 28, 1947 · Page 1
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 1

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Sunday, September 28, 1947
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WUm KILTO Ttn Brooklynitei discuss Buses vs. Trolleys-See Page 19 5 CENTS EVERY WHItI WEATHER Sunny, warmer today. lOoomsht. 14T. TheHwttyn Bui, tnelf nxnd BraoUra t. X 24 CIm UmA lUwt 106th YEAR No. 27 DAILY and SUNDAY BROOKLYN 1, N. Y., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1947 Truman Told U. S. Can t Aid Europe, Slash Prices Too Advisers Say He Must Decide Quickly on Course to Be Taken Washington, Sept. 27 (U.PJ President Truman's Foreign Aid Committee said tonight that the Administration must 0 Enrl Staff photna SEE FREEDOM TRAIN Genera! view of some of thousands who crowded around Freedom Train during its one-day stop in Brooklyn yesterday, eager to view the Originol historic documents it is carrying all over the country. Many were unable to get in and will try today in Jamaica. Throng of 150,000 Hails Bow Visit Of Freedom Train Crowd Gathers Hours Before Doors Open-Only 11,000 Able to View Exhibits By VIOLET BROWN Red, whue and blue under the brilliant sun, the Freedom Train' brought its precious cargo of liberty to Brooklyn yesterday and got the welcome it deserved. Hours before the doors of the train opened at the Vanderveer' Park siding of the Long Island Railroad, a stone's throw from where the men of '76 raised their Lib- gathered VET LEADERS Left to right ore County Commanders Michael J. Buckley, Army and Navy Union; Daniel O'Neil, V. F. W., and James T. Watters, American Legion; Borough President Cashmore, William A. Dawkins, United Spanish War Veterans, and Samuel Huth, commander of Navy Yard Garrison, Army and Navy Union, at Freedom Train. choose quickly whether it is more Important to hold down prices at home or to see that needy nations get enough to eat. The committee posed the touchy question In a report to Mr. Truman on world food conditions. The group, known more Informally as the Harriman committee, has been cataloguing possible American aid to Europe under the Mar- ,hall plan nCrVChCUAiirVlll The committee said feeding of IXLIJ 1LrlMNl Ulliwheat to livestock would have to be erty Pole, the crowd easer to see the 130 documents and flags marking the growth of freedom in the United States. When the doors opened at 10 a.m., there were enough people on hand to pass through the three exhibit cars of the seven-car train until it was time to close at 10 p.m. Those who came at noon barely made it and by 1:30 p.m., Police Inspector David A. Condon of the 15th Inspection Division had sent for 30 more policemen to augment his force of 70 patrolmen, five mounted police, a lieutenant and seven sergeants just to be on the safe side in case the crowd which already stretched to Avenue I and Flatbush Ave. clear around E. 32d St.. grew too large to handle. Police estimated that more than 15C000 persons came to see the; train, but most of them had to be content with just looking at the! outside. At 5 p.m., by actual count, 6.527 persons had filed through the exhibit cars, and the line still was blocks long. By closing time, more than 11.000 persons went through the train, far more than had been accommodated daily at Grand Central Terminal, when a total of about 18.000 saw the exhibits in two full days and a night-time preview. The train will be at the Jamaica long Island Rail Road station to-ciav. and will be at the Van Nest station of the New Haven Railroad in the Bronx tomorrqw. Celebrities Present Borough President Cashmore headed the ceremonies opening the SPORTS TRIBUTE SET Barney Ross, KreH Fltzsim-mons, Cliff Battles and, probably, Bay Robinson and Gus Lesnevich will head a group of sports celebrities during the sports part of the Freedom Train program on the Borough Mall step tomorrow at noon. AUo aiding to the program will he Joe Moran, Ray Whitely and his Cass County Boys from the Rodeo as well as the six girls in attractive cowboy costumes. HANNEGAN QUITS AS CHIEF OF PARTY Will Stay On as Postmaster General ORDER U.S. ARMY TO QUIT GREECE Gromyko Launches Sweeping Attack on Our Policy in Europe Lake Success. Sept. 27 (U.R) - Russia and Poland teamed up in the United Nations General As-..Amhiv inriov fnr a KwepDinff attack Senator McGrath Slated for Political Helm 0n united states pohcy in Europe. I Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Washington. SeDt. 27 (U.R) Robert E. Hannecan. who nramvko launched ' Russia's de jwas instrumental in putting Harry S. Truman in the White House, resigned today as Democratic National Chairman and will be succeeded by Senator J. Howard McGrath (D., R. I.), a party wheelhorse with New Deal leanings. train he called it "the most unusual train in history" and nearly all of the borough's celebrities were pres ent. But mostly the day belonged to the people, those who had inherited the tradition the train signified and those who had helped to preserve it and would in the future. There were children by the thou sands on line, including babies in arms, although the American Heritage Foundation had announced that children under 12 were not to be admitted. There were disapled veterans, including one who had given most of his sight to his country but still wanted to squint at the Constitution and know that he had helped maintain it. There were men and women of every color, some of whom stopped just a little longer than most beside a sheet of ruled paper bearing a scrawled proclama- Continued on Page 31 Spanish War Yet Has the Word For Freedom Train: 'Wonderful!' YUGOS RELEASE 3 U. S. SOLDIERS HELD FIVE DAYS Trio Rides Into Trieste On Horseback Say They Were Treated Well ALLEGIANCE TO FREEDOM On Freedom Train, Cynthia Goodison, 13, of 251 Clifton Place, signs pledge of allegiance as other youngsters, waiting their turn, look on. Mr. Hannegan, master-mind of the late President Roosevelt's fourth-term campaign, stepped down because of continued poor health. He presumably will stay in the cabinet, however, as Post master General. In a further shakcup of the Democratic high command, Gael Sullivan of Providence, R. I., resigned as executive director of the national committee. It long had been rumored that Sullivan, who got himself In . the Whit House doghouse last Spring, would quit If lie did not set the chalrmaaship Trieste, Sept. 27 (UP1 inree when Hannegan resigned. American soldiers were released by ; The choice of Senator McGrath their Yugoslav captors today 450 Jews Taken Off Ship After Sea Battle British Sailor Kills One Refugee Seven Others Wounded Near Haifa Jerusalem, Sept. 27 (U.R) Some 450 Jewish illegal immigrants who attempted to reach Palestine in a former American Army tank landing craft the Despite were brought into Haifa Harbor by British sailors tonight after a bloody 20-minute battle at sea in which one Jew was shot dead and seven wounded. Reliable informants said the ref- ugees would be deported to Cyprus, discourage underwater sabotage Bv MARGARET MARA Wonderful! Wonderful!" exclaimed Spanish War veteran Jacob Marks. 69. of 884 d St., as he emerged from the Freedom Train yesterday and stepped carefully along the uneven paving Ftones of the anderveer Park railroad siding. Dressed in a campaign hat and a topcoat beneath which he wore fjrted blue trousers from his Rniinish-American War uniform nd his uniform shirt weighted mith medals the veteran wa one of the first to pas through the train. Commander of Thomas H. Barry Camp, United Spanish War Veterans, in Bay Ridge, Mr. Marks observed that the coming of the Freedom Train to Brooklyn was gomethtn? "never to be lorgotten.-ArnW bandsmen from Fort Jay riressed in suntans, found Flatbush a little chilly but only atmos- nhericallv. "We're all blue babies," said one, rhafine cold hands. Just then the A. W. V. S. canteen service rolled up with a warm wei' rome and the musicians crowded around for coffee and doughnuts handed out by Mrs. Mack Wasser- man of 2054 79th St., chairman, and Mrs. Emma Sterling of 2038 Bav Ridge Ave. "Brooklyn is the only place that feeds us," said Band Leader Sgt Andy Zamiewski of Bristol, Conn., between ouaffs of coffee. Two of the bandsmen revealed that, they were not far from home They were Pfc. James Hartman of 1101 Avenue I and Pfc. Edward Toiisey of 217 Hawthorne St. The Flatbush Ave. trolleys were rubberneck wagons all day, with acting as volunteer motormen barkers. Crowds Wait for Hours Patient crowds jammed inside barricades with nothing to look at for hours except bunting and flag- draped buildings of an adjacent coal yard. First the band from Fort Jay and then the band from the Brooklyn Navy Yard, however,! jackets. made the waiting more bearable with snappy selections. When the bands took breathing spell, WNYC, the city station, pre sented recordings of stirring marches over a public address system with Thomas H. Cowan, com-menatator, and David McClay, engineer, acting as disc jockeys. Although there was a preponder ance of exuberant boys on hand all day, there was no hint of prankishness or rowdyism. Police headed by Inspector David Conden maintained good humor as well as good conduct. Ambulance on Duty Also alerted was the Department of Health, represented by a new-white Cadillac ambulance from Kings County Hospital. It arrived early and stayed late, with the: driver and the interne, Dr. Milton Levine, enjoying box luncheon at noon. The 30 members of the naval band found freedom a reality when they filed into Pauls Restaurant on Flatbush Ave. for lunch and were informed: 'You can order anything you want." "Hey," Inquired one, "does that include filet migon?" ThoRe pawing through Freedom to await legal entry into Palestine, and will not be returned to their port of embarkation as were the 4.500 who arrived July 18 aboard the "Exodus 1947" after a battle in which three were killed. Two explosions rocked Jerusalem and touched off alarm sirens for the first time in two weeks as the Despite entered Haifa. One blast was reported from the center of j town ana me oiner Detween rnej Damascus and Herod gates. Thei explosions were believed caused by pamphlet bombs. British reports said the casualties aboard the Despite occurred when a British sailor fired five shots to ward off an attack by refugees armed with crowbars after he was cornered on the bridge. The gunfire killed one Jew and wounded two. Five others were injured about the head by club-swinging blue- attempts against the waiting trans ports by Haganah "frogmen. Transfer of the refugees from the Despite to the transports began as soon as the vessel docked and proceeded quietly. It was com pleted before midnight without opposition. The landing craft, 'used by the Allied armies in the invasion of Italy, was painted gray for her unsuccessful attempt to run the British blockade and flew the blue and white ZionLst banner. A huge blackboard with whitp IpttjM-iniy said this was the Haganah snip Tanker Clears Sandbank Af Al Pi," in English, the "De- London, Sept. 27 (U.R) The 10, sPtie- 172-ton American tanker Little Big Steel-helmeted British sailors, Horn ran onto a sandbank in the Millions Turn Back Their Clocks Millions of Americans turned back their clocks an hour last night to mark the end of daylight savings time for this year. Did you? Daylight time, in effect since April 7. ended officially at 2 am., when all the nation went back on standard time. Daylight time was observed In some 650 communities in the United States and Canada and in 19 foreign countries. navigated the vessel as she entered Haifa Harbor, where two trans ports waited. Escorting British de. English Channel today but freed herself without damage. She was headed for Bremen from Galyes- Kt.rnvpr rirnnmul rir,th pharaot In'lnn Drive Carefully Here are the figures on auto accidents in Brooklyn from 12:01 a m. Sept. 19 to midnight Sept. 25, together with totals since the beginning of 1947. ACCIDENTS 169 ACCIDENTS 5293 KILLED KILLED 82 Contfnved on Pff 31 INJURED 251 INJURED 6753 Only by dj-iyj: cgi thte toll. Your We to efWjy can Brooklynites reduce tayTmajr save a life. and late this afteir.uon rode their horses across the Free State border at Outpost No. 5. where they were seized by Marshall Titos troops at gunpoint last Monday. Escorted by a Yugoslav ensign and two soldiers, the American lieutenant and two privates ar rived at the frontier where they were met by their regimental in telligence officer. Major Michael Guisse of West Virginia. Famed Outpost No. 5 is north west of Trieste. The soldiers are Lt. William T. Van Atten, East Orange, N. J.; Pfc. Earl O. Henrlck, Arlington, Va., and Pfc. Glenn A. Myers, Edgely, N. D. Release Follows Apology Yugoslavia announced yesterday the three men would be released and apologized to U. S. Ambassador Cavendish W. Cannon for seizing them. Yugoslav Foreign Minister Vladimir Vele-blt told Mr. Cannon the soldiers would be freed at Pliskovica, near Gorizia. The original Yugoslav announcement said Van Atten, Henrick and Myers would be released immediately. There was no explanation of the 24-hour delay. Then at 8 pm. today Yugoslav headquar ters alerted American headquar ters to prepare for their arrival. The U. S. soldiers were taken prisoner by a Yugoslav patrol, with whom they had been friendly, while Van Atten was talking to! them across the new frontier drawn between Yugoslavia and the Free State of Trieste. The apology did not explain the ac tion. Treated Well The returned soldiers said they had been treated well and sub jected to nothing more than ques tioning and "the usual bad Yugoslav army food." The men rode in from Vipacco, 15 air miles north of Trieste, ac companied by their big mongrel dog "Tiny, who followed tnem when Yugoslav troops took them into Yugoslavia. Guisse had the men dismount and brought them to Trieste in an ambulance, but the soldiers maintained lt wasn't necessary because they were in perfect condition. Tito Raps Capitalists Belgrade. Yugoslavia, Sept. 27 iU.Pi Marshal Tito said today that United States monopolists and capitalists are leading international reaction in a rebirth of Fas cism but that "popular progressive forces will stop such efforts." Addressing 1,200 delegates to the Peoples Front Congress here, Tito said international reaction Is "repeating its previous performance" and was bringing back Fascism and turning it again into an aggressive force. The Yugoslav premier extolled the United Popular Front movement and contrasted it with the multi-party system" in which many petty politicians create confusion." to succeed Hannegan with Mr Truman's blessing came as somewhat of a surprise even though his name had figured in recent speculation. . McGrath, one of the original Truman - for - Vice - President tensive tactics in the U. N. fight over the Balkans, calling on the predominantly hostile Assembly to order American and British forces out of Greece and to assume super' vision of all foreign aid to Greece. Polish delegate Oscar Lange matched the Soviet assault on the Truman doctrine with a denunciation of the Marshall Plan which, he charged, has split Europe in two and threatened to squeeze the lile out of UN.. Lange asked the I Assembly's 55-nation economic committee to denounce economic which bVD&ss the United Nations ostensibly the Marshall nrooram and to assume responsi bility for International economic activities. Offers Counlerplan ' Gromvko. renewing the new familiar Russian charge that the Western Powers and Greek reactionaries are fomenting trouble hi the Balkans, offered a counterpro posal to Secretary of State George C. Marshall's plan for a long-range boosters in 1944, disclosed that it U. N. border watch which would was not until this week that Han- protect Greece from a Communist negan definitely asked him to take Pot allegedly fostered by tne kus- the Job? although he first was ap proached about it three weeks ago. McGrath, a staunch New Dealer during the Roosevelt regime and described now as a "two-fisted, fighting liberal democrat," will be formally elected party chairman Oct. 29 when the national commit tee meets here to choose the date and place of the 1948 Democratic National Convention. Hannegan's resignation and Sullivan's will be come effective then. Thus, McGrath will have the job of directing Mr. Truman's 1948 Presidential campaign if. as now appears likely, the chief- Executive runs for a full term. At a press conference. McGrath refrained from political comment, but observed facetiously that he thought the committee meeting here next month would "advance President Truman s chances for re-election a bit, and the chances will keep on improving a little each day from then on." Reece Comments Republican National Chairman Carroll Reece commented causti cally on McGrath's designation as Hannegan's successor. He said that if the Democrats National Committee accepts McGrath, it will "serve to confirm the Democrat party's partnerships" with the political l Continued on Page 31 j Albania, sum satellite states oi Blugaria and Romania. As Gromyko took the floor tor a 10.000-world blast at the United States, Great Britain and the present Greek Government, Albania and Bulgaria notified the committee they were rejecting a highly qualified Invitation tovappear m their own defense during tne as sembly debate. The committee decided over vigorous Slavx opposition last week that Albania and Bulgaria, neither of them members of the U.N., could defend themselves in the debate only If they agreed In ad vance to accept the requirements laid down by the U.N. charter for such cases. Albanian representa- tive Theodor Heba notified the committee Albania still wants hearing but not with those strings attached. A similar note came from Dr Nissim, Mevorah of Bulgaria, who warned the committee that a decision in the Greek case "taken in our absence . . . would be seriously weakened In its authority." After a long and smoky pro cedural debate over the Albanian and Bulgarian replies, the commit tee overrode the Soviets and voted 39 to 1. with 11 abstentions, to let both governments appear as wit nesses but not as participants In reduced, presumably by pricing it out of that market. It also urged consideration of grain-use restric tions, but opposed direct price ana rationing controls on the grounds that, even If Congress restored them, they could not affect the lm-. mediate crisis. Americans, it said, should be persuaded to eat less meat, butter poultry and eggs. Committee Recommend! If western Europe's food needa are to be met, the committee said, ' lt will be essential to: 1. Reduce the amount of wheat fed to livestock from a possible 400,000,000 bushels to about 350, 000,000 bushels. 2. Acquire substantial stocks of government wheat now before lt is fed to livestock. Then the gov ernment will have the wheat next Spring either for export or to meet domestic needs if the grain situation at home should become worse. The committee said that unless the Agriculture Department, which is responsible for food procurement, launches an aggressive grain purchase program at once, wheat may not be available next Spring when lt will be needed most. It warned, however, that such a purchase program Inevitably will result in higher retail prices In this country. It said wheat prices probably would rise sharply, carrying most other commodity price up with It. Doubts Rationing Would Help "A policy decision need to bi made as to which horn of the dilemma to seize," the committer said. It said the relmposition of "direct controls" presumably mean-ing price and rationing controls-could not help out in the' present crisis even if Congress were inclined to restore them. But lt said Immediate considera tion should be given to other types of controls which might be en acted in time to help. These might Include smaller bread loaves, an increase In the flour extraction rate and restrictions on zraln lor afcohol. , The Agriculture Department's present policy is to buy grain when the market is weak. If Ulis policy is pursued, the committee said, too much grain may be fed to livestock this Winter, leaving too little for hungry humans. Meets Leaders Tomorrow, Meanwhile, there were these other developments on the food-price, foreign-aid and cost-of-ll ing front: 1. President Truman scheduled weekend of work and no visitort in preparation for a momentour White House meeting with Republican and Democratic Congressional leaders on Monday. Presumably he will bring up the Harriman Committee report then. Ft hopes the Monday meeting will produce a formula for getting stopgap aid to Europe's "Marshall Plar Continued on Page Holmes, Burr Named Scorers Tito Asks 6 Americans Check Greek Charges The Yugoslav Government yesterday invited six prominent Americans, including former Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, to Yugoslavia to "see for themselves the true situation" regarding charges of Yugoslav threats against Greece. Others Invited by Sava N. Kosa- novic. Yugoslavian Ambassador to the United States, are: Former Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau Jr.; Harold E. Stassen. candidate for the Repub lican nomination for President; Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick. pastor emeritus of the Riverside Church, Manhattan; John Gunther, author and Hanson Baldwin, military analyst of the New York Times. Fosdick said he had engagements booked far ahead and would be unable to accept the Invitation. In Minneapolis, Stassen said he would await arrival of the official Yugoslav invitation and then dis cuss it with Senator Arthur Van- denberg and Secretary of State George C. Marshall. Kasanovic said that he had been Instructed by Marshal Tit. to invite six leading Americans to Continued on Page 31 i Cincinnati, Sept. 27 Tomrm Holmes and Harold Burr of tt Brooklyn Eagle and Dan Daniel o the World-Telegram were name today as the official scorers for th World Series by Baseball Commls sioner A. B. Chandler. Holmes Is president of the Base-ball Writers Association of America. He and Burr, who covers the Dodg ers, are two of the outstandina baseball writers in the country. unanoier also announced the umpires and radio announcers From the National League he named Babe Plnelli and Larry Goetz, with George Magerkurth as alternate. The American I .ers are William McGow.i and Ed Rommel, with James Boyer as alternate. The radio announcers will be Red Barber and Mel Allen visit the Yugoslav frontier of Greece, and such other parts of Yugoslavia as they may deem necessary, "to see for themselves what the true situation is. He added that he was aware the mission may entail considerable personal sacrifice and incon venience on the part of the members, but it was suggested "only because my government believes that the occasion offers so urgent an opportunity to serve the ends of peace and justice. In a statement accompanying his release of the letter, Kasan ovic said he had a "very great hope" that all those Invited would accept and that the group might be able to leave for Yugoslavia within the next week or two. Freight Crash Kills Five Ashcroft, B. C. Sept. 27 (U.R) Five men were killed and one injured today when a Canadian Na tional Railway freight train crashed into a rockslide 37 miles west of A-shcroft, derailing the en gine and 19 cars. WHERE TO FIND IT Auto Woiid Books Brady Budq Oamora Currl Businesi Ou'iooit Editorial Het!rnan Helen Worth Hollywood Horoscope Undloy Mary Koi Movroo Pjqe Paq 20 Muik- 2b 10 Night U(e 2b 18 Novel 18 28 Obituaries 17 14 Old Timers 20 3 Pollack 14 Haio 21 28 Real Estate 30 lb flchoois It 15 Society 12, 1 18 Sports 21-24 6 Theaters 242 .8 Travel. Resorts 2,1 16 VotinBklyn. 74 H Want Ads S-'fl 24-26

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